What is Hepatitis A?
• A virus that can infect the liver
• In most cases, the infection goes away on its
own and doesn't lead to long-term liver
• Rarely, it can be more serious.
• Hepatitis A virus is found in the stool of an
How does Hepatitis A spread?
• It is spread when a person eats food or drinks
water that has come in contact with infected
• The disease can also spread in day care
centers. Children, especially those in diapers,
may get stool on their hands and then touch
objects that other children put into their
mouths. And workers can spread the virus if
they don't wash their hands well after
changing a diaper.
Hepatitis A symptoms
• After being exposed, it can take 2 to 7 weeks
before you see any signs of it. Symptoms can last
up to 2 months but can last longer.
– Common symptoms are:
• Feeling very tired.
• Feeling sick to your stomach and not feeling hungry.
• Losing weight without trying.
• Pain on the right side of the belly, under the rib cage (where
your liver is).
• A fever.
• Sore muscles.
• Yellow skin (jaundice), dark urine, and clay-colored stools.
How is Hepatitis diagnosed
• Your doctor will ask questions about your
symptoms and where you have eaten or
traveled. You may have blood tests if your
doctor thinks you have the virus. These tests
can tell if your liver is inflamed and whether
you have antibodies to the hepatitis A virus.
These antibodies prove that you have been
exposed to the virus.
How is it cured?
• Hepatitis A goes away on its own in most
cases. Most people get well within a few
months but while you have hepatitis a its best
that you slow down, drink plenty of water,
fruit juice and broth helps to, eat a mix of
healthy foods, don’t drink alcohol or use any
drugs because they could make liver problems
worse. Make sure you tell your doctor all
medicines your taking including herbal
What is Hepatitis B?
• Hepatitis B infects the liver.
• You can have hepatitis b and not know it, you
may not feel symptoms
• If you do have hepatitis symptoms they may
feel like you have the flu.
What causes Hepatitis B?
• It is spread through contact with the blood
and body fluids of an infected person.
• You may get Hepatitis B if you:
• Have sex with an infected person without using a
• Share needles (used for injecting drugs) with an
• Get a tattoo or piercing with tools that were not
• Share personal items like razors or toothbrushes with
an infected person.
• A mother who has the virus can pass it to her
baby during delivery. If you are pregnant and
think you may have been exposed to hepatitis
B, get tested. If you have the virus, your baby
can get shots to help prevent infection with the
• You cannot get hepatitis B from casual contact
such as hugging, kissing, sneezing, coughing, or
sharing food or drinks
Hepatitis B symptoms
• Many people with hepatitis B do not know
they have it, because they do not have
• If you do have symptoms, you may just feel
like you have the flu.
• Feeling very tired.
• Mild fever.
• Not wanting to eat.
• Feeling sick to your stomach or vomiting
• Belly pain.
• Diarrhea or constipation.
• Muscle aches and joint pain.
• Skin rash.
• Yellowish eyes and skin (jaundice). Jaundice usually appears
only after other symptoms have started to go away.
How is Hepatitis B diagnosed?
• A simple blood test can tell your doctor if you
have the hepatitis B virus now or if you had it
in the past. Your doctor also may be able to
tell if you have had the vaccine to prevent the
• If your doctor thinks you may have liver
damage from hepatitis B, he or she may use a
needle to take a tiny sample of your liver for
testing. This is called a liver biopsy.
How is it treated?
• In most cases, hepatitis B goes away on its
own. You can relieve your symptoms at home
by resting, eating healthy foods, drinking
plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol and
drugs. Also, find out from your doctor what
medicines and herbal products to avoid,
because some can make liver damage caused
by hepatitis B worse.
Can Hepatitis B be prevented?
• The hepatitis B vaccine is the best way to prevent
infection. The vaccine is a series of 3 or 4 shots.
Adults at risk and all babies, children, and
teenagers should be vaccinated.
• To avoid getting or spreading the virus to others:
• Use a condom when you have sex.
• Do not share needles.
• Wear latex or plastic gloves if you have to touch
• Do not share toothbrushes or razors
Vaccines are available!
• A combination vaccine called
Twinrix that protects against
both Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
also is available. Ask your