Hepatitis and

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					Sarah Barcus
          What is Hepatitis A?
• A virus that can infect the liver
• In most cases, the infection goes away on its
  own and doesn't lead to long-term liver
• Rarely, it can be more serious.
• Hepatitis A virus is found in the stool of an
  infected person
   How does Hepatitis A spread?
• It is spread when a person eats food or drinks
  water that has come in contact with infected
• The disease can also spread in day care
  centers. Children, especially those in diapers,
  may get stool on their hands and then touch
  objects that other children put into their
  mouths. And workers can spread the virus if
  they don't wash their hands well after
  changing a diaper.
          Hepatitis A symptoms
• After being exposed, it can take 2 to 7 weeks
  before you see any signs of it. Symptoms can last
  up to 2 months but can last longer.
  – Common symptoms are:
     • Feeling very tired.
     • Feeling sick to your stomach and not feeling hungry.
     • Losing weight without trying.
     • Pain on the right side of the belly, under the rib cage (where
       your liver is).
     • A fever.
     • Sore muscles.
     • Yellow skin (jaundice), dark urine, and clay-colored stools.
     How is Hepatitis diagnosed
• Your doctor will ask questions about your
  symptoms and where you have eaten or
  traveled. You may have blood tests if your
  doctor thinks you have the virus. These tests
  can tell if your liver is inflamed and whether
  you have antibodies to the hepatitis A virus.
  These antibodies prove that you have been
  exposed to the virus.
             How is it cured?
• Hepatitis A goes away on its own in most
  cases. Most people get well within a few
  months but while you have hepatitis a its best
  that you slow down, drink plenty of water,
  fruit juice and broth helps to, eat a mix of
  healthy foods, don’t drink alcohol or use any
  drugs because they could make liver problems
  worse. Make sure you tell your doctor all
  medicines your taking including herbal
          What is Hepatitis B?
• Hepatitis B infects the liver.
• You can have hepatitis b and not know it, you
  may not feel symptoms
• If you do have hepatitis symptoms they may
  feel like you have the flu.
       What causes Hepatitis B?
• It is spread through contact with the blood
  and body fluids of an infected person.
• You may get Hepatitis B if you:
     • Have sex with an infected person without using a
     • Share needles (used for injecting drugs) with an
       infected person.
     • Get a tattoo or piercing with tools that were not
       cleaned well.
     • Share personal items like razors or toothbrushes with
       an infected person.
• A mother who has the virus can pass it to her
  baby during delivery. If you are pregnant and
  think you may have been exposed to hepatitis
  B, get tested. If you have the virus, your baby
  can get shots to help prevent infection with the
• You cannot get hepatitis B from casual contact
  such as hugging, kissing, sneezing, coughing, or
  sharing food or drinks
         Hepatitis B symptoms
• Many people with hepatitis B do not know
  they have it, because they do not have
• If you do have symptoms, you may just feel
  like you have the flu.
               Symptoms include:
•   Feeling very tired.
•   Mild fever.
•   Headache
•   Not wanting to eat.
•   Feeling sick to your stomach or vomiting
•   Belly pain.
•   Diarrhea or constipation.
•   Muscle aches and joint pain.
•   Skin rash.
•   Yellowish eyes and skin (jaundice). Jaundice usually appears
    only after other symptoms have started to go away.
   How is Hepatitis B diagnosed?
• A simple blood test can tell your doctor if you
  have the hepatitis B virus now or if you had it
  in the past. Your doctor also may be able to
  tell if you have had the vaccine to prevent the
• If your doctor thinks you may have liver
  damage from hepatitis B, he or she may use a
  needle to take a tiny sample of your liver for
  testing. This is called a liver biopsy.
           How is it treated?
• In most cases, hepatitis B goes away on its
  own. You can relieve your symptoms at home
  by resting, eating healthy foods, drinking
  plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol and
  drugs. Also, find out from your doctor what
  medicines and herbal products to avoid,
  because some can make liver damage caused
  by hepatitis B worse.
   Can Hepatitis B be prevented?
• The hepatitis B vaccine is the best way to prevent
  infection. The vaccine is a series of 3 or 4 shots.
  Adults at risk and all babies, children, and
  teenagers should be vaccinated.
• To avoid getting or spreading the virus to others:
• Use a condom when you have sex.
• Do not share needles.
• Wear latex or plastic gloves if you have to touch
• Do not share toothbrushes or razors
Vaccines are available!
• A combination vaccine called
  Twinrix that protects against
  both Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  also is available. Ask your

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