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Boker's TREE BRAND Unrivaled Cutlery A Guide to H. Boker & Co. Improved Cutlery, History with related Brands and Trademarks compiled by Eric L. Rasmussen TREE BRAND KNIVES H. Boker & Co. Improved Cutlery Hermann and Robert Boeker* were producing sabers in a Remschied, Germany plant (1829) near Solingen prior to immigrating to the U.S., where Hermann established H. Boker & Co. in 1937, importing cutlery, tools and steel. Initially in New York City, Hermann soon moved his headquarters to Newark, New Jersey. His brother Robert, opened Casa Roberto Boker, a branch of H. Boker & Co. in Mexico City (1865). In 1869, Heinrich Boeker opened the Solingen, Germany plant to manufacture Tree Brand cutlery. In addition to importing Solingen products, Boker imported Sheffield cutlery under a variety of trademarks and manufactured their own knives in the U.S. and Germany. In 1986, all U.S. manufacturing ceased and control of the Boker name, trademarks and distribution rights were returned to the Solingen plant, Heinr. Boker GMBH & Co. *The german spelling of the Boeker name was changed to Boker in order for Americans to pronounce it more easily. Boker H. Boker & Co. Cutlery Germany Boker U.S.A. Boker H. Boker & Co. Solingen, Germany Improved Cutlery H. Boker & Co. Henry Boker's Solingen, Germany Improved Cutlery Alemania Henry Boker Heinr. Boker GMBH & Co. Solingen, Germany Arbolito ~ Boker USA ~ Tree Brand Manufacturing and Import Brands and Trademarks Bicycle c1894 Eclipse c1903 Edelweiss c1902 Hardy Bros. c1884 Hilton c1932 John Newton John Primble (Belknap Hardware) Manhattan Cutlery Co. c1868 New Haven Cutlery Co. New West R+C (Richards & Connover Hardware) Rainbow c1933 R. J. Roberts Razor Co. Razor c1905 Red Injun c1902 Regal c1906 Riverside Cutlery Co. N.Y. c1918 Trenton Cutlery Co. c1905 Trenton Cutlery Co. Sheffield Valley Forge Cutlery Co. Newark, N. J. (straight) c1916 Valley Forge Cutlery Co. U.S.A. Newark, N. J. (curved) Whitehead & Hoag Co. The W. & H. Co. Wright & Wilhelmy c1927 History 1837 - H. Boker & Co. was founded in c1910 - H. Boker & Co. made knives New York City, by Hermann Boeker, as a marked New West, R+C for the cutlery import firm. Richard & Connover Hardware Co. 1865 - Arbolito, Casa Roberto Boker, 1917 - H. Boker & Co. began using the established an office in Mexico City. Boker U.S.A. trademark on cutlery made in America. 1867 - Boker built a factory in Solingen, Germany. 1918 - Knives marked Riverside Cutlery Co. N. Y. were made by Boker for 1869 - The Tree Brand logo was adopted Dunham, Harrigan & Hayden, a hardware and has since been applied to every wholesale firm in San Francisco. Boker product. 1921 - Boker sold the Valley Forge plant 1868 - Knives marked for the Manhattan and moved it's U.S. operations to Cutlery Co. were imported from Maplewood, N.J. where both the VF and Sheffield, England, until 1916. Boker U.S.A. trademarks were used. c1884 - Hardy Bros. brand was in use. 1925 - The chestnut tree which inspired the TREE BRAND, was struck by c1890 - Boker made knives for the Baker lightning and burned. & Hamilton Hardware Co. marked New Haven Cutlery Co. "Damascus". c1927 - The Wright & Wilhelmy Co. brand was in use. 1892 - Boker produced advertising knives marked The W. & H Co. c1932 - The Hilton brand was used. (Whitehead & Hoag) for this Newark, N.J. firm until the 1940's. 1933 - Rainbow knives were made for Boker in Providence, R.I. (until1954). c1894 - The Bicycle brand was used. c1945 - The Heinr. Boker Gmbh & Co. 1899 - Motivated by the increased tariffs factory in Germany was destroyed in of the 1890 Tariff Act, Boker purchased WW2. The Tree Brand logo and Boker the Valley Forge Cutlery Co. (founded in brands were confiscated. John Boeker 1892 in Newark, N.J.) Jr. arranged their return so he could distribute products made in the U.S. c1903 - Eclipse, Edelweiss and Red InJun (straight razors) were each active. c1947 - John Primble knives were made on contract by Boker, Camillus, Utica, 1905 - Boker purchased the R.J. Roberts and Schrade for the Belknap Hardware Razor Co. (a wholesale importer founded Co.until sometime in 1985. in 1870) c1950 - Henry Boker, Solingen, Ger. c1906 - Knives marked for John Newton, Knives were made for export to Australia Regal and the Trenton Cutlery Co. were - trademark HB/2 bird heads. imported from Sheffield, England. History 1952 - J.A. Henkels contracted with 1986 - Cooper Industries sold the U.S. Boker to make some of their knives, rights to the Boker name to Heinr. Boker they contracted with Obertz as well. To GMBH & Co. of Solingen, Ger. This is the best of my knowledge this is still in the same factory that Hermann Boker effect, since Henkels quit manufacturing built in 1867. folding knives in 1960. Boker knives are currently marketed 1956 - Boker bought the George Schrade through Boker USA, Inc. 14818 W. 6th Knife Co. and continued producing Ave., #17-A, Golden, Co. 80401. Presto and Commando, switchblade knives until they were banned by Boker was the first to introduce folding Congress in 1958. ceramic blades, which are rustproof and hard as diamond, holding their edge 1969 - Boker was acquired by Wiss (the indefinitely. Boker has also pioneered Newark, N.J. sissor manufacturer, which the use of Titanium handles and was part of Cooper Industries.) Damascus steel blades. “H. Boker & Co. began marketing Tree Brand knives in 1837. People began to tell stories about them in 1838” Boker, The Knives They Tell Stories About "Boker Tree Brand knives hold their edge so well, they seldom need sharpening....... But if yours does, just put it in the glovebox with a whetstone and drive five miles down a washboard road. If you want a really fine edge, drive ten." 1869-1900 1900-1924 1924-1935 1935-1947 1947-1974 1974- Illustrations Jack Knives, Pen Knives & Multiblades Folding knives come in a wide variety of MULTI-BLADES are large, sturdy knives shapes and sizes*, and can be divided like jack knives and are normally double into three categories. ended like pen knives. They have three or more blades, and at least one will be a PEN knives are always double ended special purpose blade. and vary in size from 2 7/8 inches to 3 3/4 inches. "Lobsters" and "Whittlers" are Handle shapes are given specific names pen knife construction variations. based on their shape or intended use. often when combined with certain JACK knives are plain, sturdy knives blades, the pattern will have it's own with one or two blades, usually at one specific name. end although thre are a few double ended patterns. Sizes range from 2 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches. *These Illustrations are not to scale Regular Jack Sleeveboard Cattle Knife Harness Knife Coke Bottle Balloon Jack Crown Jack Fishtail Jack Illustrations Teardrop Swayback Curved Jack Canoe Premium Premium Eureka Jack Gunstock Stock Knife Jack Wharncliffe Serpentine Dog Leg Pen Farmer's Jack Whittler Illustrations Equal End Oval or Pen Crown Pen Senator Cigar Pen Physician's Sleeveboard Congress Swell Center Knife Whittler Pen Congress Sleeveboard Lobster Champagne Pattern Illustrations Fixed Blade Knives Fixed blade knives produced by Boker are of the same high quality and variety as the folding knives. Boker was in business during the Bowie knife craze (c1839 - c1872) and very likely produced or imported Bowie knives. Boker is listed in the 1912 Sporting Goods Trade Directory as a supplier of hunting knives. They made folding hunters and imported bowie style hunting knives under the Manhattan Cutlery Co. label. Boker was also amoung the contractors H. Boker & Co. Improved Cutlery that produced the M2 Trench knives Carving knives c1910 (1943 -1944) and U.S. Navy Mark I for the military in WWII Blade styles: Spanish Slicer Turkish Cimeter Kitchen and butcher knives have also French Slicer been produced by Boker for years. H. BO U. S. N. U.S.A CO. K MARK 1 ER & . U.S. M3 H .BOK ER & U. S. M3 CO. / U.S .A. Illustrations Straight Razors Straight razors evolved from the penny knife. Since they serve a single purpose, there is only one basic pattern. The blade variations are primarily witdth and weight, however handle materials and decorations vary widely. H. Boker & co. produced and imported many razors under the Boker name and others, such as: Belknap Hardware Co. (John Primble) Eclipse Manhattan Cutlery Co. Red Injun Richard & Connover Hardware Co. (New West) R.J. Roberts Razor Co. (Razor) Salt Lake Hardware Co. Trenton Razor Co. (Trenton Cutlery Co.) Whitehead & Hoag Co. Wright & Wilhelmy Straight razors were mostly out of use C1940 because of the introduction of the safety razor. References: Levine's Guide to Knives and Their Values by Bernard Levine Pocketknives, Markings of Manufacturers and Dealers by John Goins Standard Guide to Razors, Identification and Values by Ron Ritchie and Ron Stewart www.bokerusa.com TREE BRAND KNIVES
"Guide to Boker Co Improved Cutlery"