EMERGENCY RESPONSE by jennyyingdi

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									7.   EMERGENCY RESPONSE




          RYERSON UNIVERSITY   1
  Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

   EMERGENCY RESPONSE
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS

 BIOLOGICAL SAFETY OFFICER: 4212

 RYERSON SECURITY (24 hours): 80
    (after hours)




                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                          2
   Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

     EMERGENCY RESPONSE

The location and proper use of emergency
  equipment (eye wash stations, first aid kits,
  etc.) should be known to all lab personnel
  prior to the start of any work in the laboratory.




                           RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         3
  Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

   EMERGENCY RESPONSE
SPILL OF A BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
steps are taken to avoid spread AND
  UNNECESSARY AEROSOL GENERATION




                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                          4
Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

 EMERGENCY RESPONSE


 PREVENT ACCESS – to spill area
 MONITOR – for contamination & perform decon
 REPORT – to supervisor




                        RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         5
 Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

  EMERGENCY RESPONSE
GENERAL SPILL PROCEDURES

    Protective clothing (double gloves)
    Place absorbent around edges of spill
    Clean from out towards centre (prevent spread of
    contamination)
    Spill cleanup materials for biohazardous waste
    disposal
    Perform decon as outlined in Biological Safety
    Manual
    Wash hands after cleanup
                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         6
 Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

  EMERGENCY RESPONSE
GENERAL SPILL PROCEDURES – For Minor
  Spills

   Protective clothing (double gloves)
   If spill occurs on benchtop, evacuate the
    laboratory for a time sufficient for most aerosols to
    settle or be dispersed and removed by the
    ventilation system, typically 20 to 30 minutes.
    Prevent access to area by marking the area with
    warning signs and closing laboratory doors.
   Report spill to supervisor as soon as feasible.
                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         7
 Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

  EMERGENCY RESPONSE
GENERAL SPILL PROCEDURES – For Minor
  Spills
   Decontaminate all surfaces exposed to the spill with a suitable
   disinfectant. Effective disinfectants must be available in the
   laboratory at all times and for immediate use.

   Allow sufficient time for decontamination of the mixed material,
   normally 20 to 30 minutes; it is advised to leave the laboratory
   during this period.

   After decontamination, carefully absorb the liquid with
   absorbent paper or absorbent materials supplied in a spill kit
   and place into an autoclavable bag or other container suitable
   for autoclaving.
                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         8
 Biological Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

  EMERGENCY RESPONSE
CONTAMINATED PERSONNEL
    Remove contaminated clothing (carefully)
    Flush with plenty of water (2-3minutes)
    Monitor rinse water
    Monitor skin for contamination and repeat above if
    necessary
    Open wounds – obtain immediate medical attention
    Call Ryerson Security at 80



                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         9
   Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

    EMERGENCY RESPONSE
FIRST AID
  First aid measure initiated immediately after injury can
    minimize the exposure to blood borne pathogens.
    Remove contaminated clothing & gloves
    Allow immediate bleeding or forcing of bleeding of cut
    Wash affected area with soap or antiseptic and water
    If eyes, nose or mouth are involved, flush with large
    amounts of water
    Cover wound with dressing or band aid
    Seek further medical attention if required – Contact
    Security at ext 80
                           RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         10
  Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

    EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Reporting Exposures
 Every exposure must be reported to the supervisor or
 a designated person without delay.
  The injured person should not postpone seeking medical
 attention if the supervisor is not available and should immediately
 contact Ryerson Security at ext 80.
 Personnel potentially exposed to blood borne
 pathogens must be instructed to seek medical advice
 following an exposure. The physician will determine if
 the risk is significant, the type of medical follow up
 required

                          RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         11
   Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

    EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Reporting Exposures – Forms

 Details of the accident should be documented on the Internal
 Accident/Incident/Exposure Investigation Report. In addition, the
 Workers’ Compensation Form (WSIB Form 7) should also be
 completed and sent to Human Resources.

 completed forms should be sent in within 24 hours of known
 exposure.

 forms are available from the Centre for Environmental Health and
 Safety Management website at:
 www.ryerson.ca/cehsm/duediligence/rep_accident.html
                           RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         12
Radiation Safety Training – Certificate Holder and User Training

 EMERGENCY RESPONSE


 PREVENT ACCESS – to spill area
 MONITOR – for contamination & perform decon
 REPORT – to supervisor




                        RYERSON UNIVERSITY                         13
                       Spills
Spill response will vary depending on:
•   What was spilled?
•   How much was spilled?
•   Where was the spill?
•   What is the potential for release to the environment?
Spills should be cleaned up immediately (unless
an aerosol was generated), to ensure proper
decontamination.
All spills are to be reported ASAP to the lab
supervisor and EHSS.
                      RYERSON UNIVERSITY                    14
         Spills within a BSC
Leave the ventilation on (run 10-15 minutes )
Cover spill area with absorbent material
Soak the spill area with an appropriate
disinfectant (i.e. 10% bleach).
Pour disinfectant from the outside surface of the
absorbent material towards the inside.
Leave on for 20 to 30 minutes
Wipe up with absorbent material
All items within the cabinet should be disinfected
All waste should be autoclaved
                  RYERSON UNIVERSITY             15
   Spills outside of a BSC
Evacuate the area for at least 30 minutes.
Assemble supplies and PPE
Add disinfectant, pick up any broken glass with
forceps and place in a sharps container.
Cover with absorbent material.
All adjacent areas should also be disinfected or
wiped down.
All waste should be autoclaved.


                  RYERSON UNIVERSITY               16
       Spills occurring in a
            centrifuge
Leave lid closed and allow aerosols to settle for at least 1
hr (ensure centrifuge is off, affix a sign)
Move to BSC if possible.
Disinfect the centrifuge, rotors and buckets in an
appropriate disinfectant, allow at least 20 to 30 min of
contact time. Drain the disinfectant.
Thoroughly wipe down the inside of centrifuge and all
parts including the lid (paper towels soaked in
disinfectant)
Rinse both the rotors and the inside of the centrifuge with
water if bleach was used.
All waste should be autoclaved

                     RYERSON UNIVERSITY                   17
    Spills occurring during
            transport
Clean-up must be
initiated immediately
Then follow directives
for spills outside of a
biological safety
cabinet




                   RYERSON UNIVERSITY   18
            Spill Clean-up

All users of biological materials should be familiar
with the spill clean-up procedures.
Spill response plan template (U Ottawa)
Additional assistance is available from:
• Your departmental safety coordinator
• CEHSM by dialling extension 4212
• Emergency Response by dialling 80



                   RYERSON UNIVERSITY             19

								
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