Family Planning The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action urged all governments to ‘‘strengthen their commitment towomen’s health’’ and ‘‘deal with the health impact of unsafe abortion as a major public health concern.’’ The conference participants pledged their commitment to reducing the need for abortion ‘‘through expanded and improved family planning services.’’ The call to reduce abortion through family planning is based on the global experience acquired over the decades since modern hormonal contraceptives and IUDs became widely available. In 1966, the Chilean Government established family planning as an official component of the women’s health- care program, providing free contraceptive services to 85% of the population through the National Health Service. Several authors confirmed a direct correlation between improved access to contraceptives and the dramatic decrease in the number of women with abortion complications who were admitted to public hospitals; these data are illustrated in Figure 3. Similarly, in Brazil, the number of abortion complications dealt with by the national health service dropped fromapproximately 345 000 in 1992 to 228 000 in 1998 after the rapid increase in the use of modern contraceptives. Experience from manycountries shows that when there is a rapid decrease in desired family size, contraceptive use increases, but induced abortions may also increase if family planning access cannot satisfy the increased demand. Only when the unmet need for contraception has been met does the number of induced abortions invariably decline.