Federalism Powerpoint YLI by jyW1dSL

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									The Challenges of Modern
      Federalism




                           New Orleans, August 2005
New York, September 2001
           Federalism is…
   A system of government in which
    political authority is divided between a
    national (or federal) government, and
    its political subdivisions (such as
    states).
           Federalism is…
   A system where national and state
    governments each have defined
    powers, with some being shared by
    both and some being denied to both.
Federalism & the Constitution
                          The U.S. Constitution
                           is the supreme law
                                of the land
                          (National Supremacy
                                 Clause)
       The Federal                                       The Federal
    Government has                                     Government has
  implied powers from                                 expressed powers
the necessary & proper                              specifically granted in
    clause or “elastic                              the Constitution (tax,
  clause” (ex: create a                              regulate commerce,
      national bank)                                   declare war, etc.)
                           The 10th Amendment
                          reserves powers to the
                           states (ex: education,
                          law enforcement, etc.)
Dual Federalism (1789-1932)
    Federal and state governments are co-
     equals, each sovereign
    Narrow interpretation of the Constitution
    Federal government only has jurisdiction if
     clearly expressed in the Constitution (ex:
     coin money, foreign affairs)
    State have greater role and powers (ex:
     public education, race relations)
What does duel federalism have
 in common with a layer cake?
      Cooperative Federalism
          (1933-present)
   National government clearly supreme over the
    states with wide interpretation of the “necessary
    and proper clause” (Article I, Sect. 8 of the
    Constitution, also known as the “elastic clause.”)
   Federal government intervenes or assists in
    some areas traditionally left to the states (ex:
    education, health care, civil rights)

   Began with the New Deal in the 1930s
 What does cooperative federalism
have in common with a marble cake?
Political Cartoon #1 Title: Another Perfect Storm




Artist: Jeff Danziger   Date: September, 2005 http://cartoonbox.slate.com/
Political Cartoon #2 Title: Disaster Response




 Artist: John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal Date: September, 2005
Political Cartoon #3 Title: Homeland Security




  Artist: Mike Keefe, The Denver Post Date: September, 2005
   Political Cartoon #4 Title: Cleanup




Artist: Cam Cardow, The Ottawa Citizen Date: September 5, 2005
     Questions for Discussion
   What 20th Century events contributed to the shift from
    dual federalism to cooperative federalism?

   What are the inherent strengths of a federal system in
    addressing national emergencies? What are the
    weaknesses?

   In both the near future, do you think the trend of
    cooperative federalism with the federal government
    taking a dominant role over the states will continue?
    Will this trend continue even into the distant future?

								
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