Participle Participial Phrases Participial • A participle is a verb used as an adjective. • There are two kinds of participles. – The past participle has the past form of the verb which would go with the verb have and would usually end in -ed. – The present participle ends in -ing. Recognize the participle Verb Simple Simple Past Present Infinit Present Past Participl Participl ive e e giggle giggle(s giggled giggled giggling to giggle help help(s) helped helped helping to help Irregular Verbs Verb Simple Simple Past Present Infiniti Present Past Particip Particip ve le le Bring Bring(s) Brought Brought Bringing To bring Swim Swim(s) Swam Swum Swimmi To ng swim Participles in sentences • The crying baby drew a long breath and sucked in a spider crouching in the corner of the crib. What does the What does the present present participle participle crouching crying modify? modify? baby spider Participial Phrases • A participial phrase is the participle plus any complements and modifiers of the participle and complements. – A participial phrase may include other types of phrases. Examples of Participial Phrases • Swinging from the trees, the monkey chattered at me. The participial phrase is : swinging from the trees. If the participial phrase is an adjective it must modify a noun. More Examples 1.The woman wearing the red dress lives in the neighborhood. 2. The moon robot, activated by a remote switch, started moving slowly. 3.I saw the monkey swinging from the trees. 4. Tony followed the crowd, fearing being left behind. Practice Try writing a sentence about this cartoon that begins with a present participial phrase. Try writing a sentence about this cartoon with a participial phrase in the middle or end of the sentence.
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