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					   Saffron has always been one of the most
expensive spices and it is believed that humans
  have been using saffron from the time of the
  ancient Greeks. According to archaeological
    evidence, it's been 3000 years, since we
 humans started cultivating saffron. Earlier, the
      wild variety of saffron called Crocus
 cartwrightianus was used for cultivation. It was
  during the late Bronze Age, that the current
  variety of saffron, called Saffron crocus was

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 What Exactly is Saffron We all know that saffron is a spice, which is
derived from the saffron plant The saffron plant, which is known as
saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), belongs to the genus Crocus in the
iris family Iridaceae The spice called saffron, which is used for
culinary purposes, is the style and stigma of the flowers of the
saffron plant The style and stigma are portions of the female
reproductive part of a flower A style is a stalk, that has an ovary in
one end and the stigma on the other end
 In case of the saffron crocus, each flower has three stigmas, which
are red or orange in color These stigmas along with the styles are
harvested and dried This dried product is called saffron, which is
used for various purposes, especially as a spice As a spice, saffron
is mainly used as a coloring agent or for seasoning It imparts saffron
extract weight loss a golden-yellow hue to the dishes
 Apart from that, saffron is also used as a dye and for medicinal
purposes The high price of saffron may be due to the fact that only
three stamens are obtained from one saffron crocus flower and it
needs around one kilogram of flowers to make one ounce of saffron
Apart from that, a major part of saffron production is done manually
Saffron Crocus Care Growing this plant is beneficial in two ways It
can be an inexpensive way to get saffron and apart from that, they
are the first plants to bloom in fall and produce flowers throughout
the season
 The lavender-colored flowers can be a beautiful addition to your
flower garden These plants can be grown from bulbs or corms As
most of the current varieties are hybrids, you may not get seeds of
this plant But, purchase corms from reputed sellers only Make sure
that you are buying a saffron crocus variety (like Crocus sativus
cashmirianus) only and not autumn meadow crocuses
  The right time for planting these bulbs is late spring or early
summer You may also plant the corms or bulbs during the onset of
fall, but, it will sprout the following spring only Prepare the soil with
organic material like adding compost, leaves or grass clippings to the
soil Saffron crocus plants need full sun and well-drained soil for a
healthy growth The soil must not get soggy and the plant must be
protected from wind
 Once you are ready with the location of planting, plant the corms in
holes, which are at least four inches in depth Always remember to
plant these corms with their roots facing downwards Keep a
distance of six inches between the holes If the location is likely to
be frequented by rodents, it will be better to cover the area with a
mesh enclosure, so that your corms are not eaten by the animals
During summer, the soil must be dry, as these plants become
dormant in this season
 The leaves and flowers develop during fall and during this season,
you have to keep the soil moist (not soggy) through occasional
watering The flowering period may last for one month and during
this time, a single application of liquid fertilizer is recommended
Continue with occasional watering till the onset of spring, as the
leaves start withering during this time During cold climates, dig out
the corms and store them in a cold, dark place
 Plant these corms again during late spring or early summer This is
only a brief overview about saffron crocus If you are interested in
these plants, you may grow them and enjoy the benefits
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Description: soil Saffron crocus plants need full sun and well-drained soil for a