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TO UR DE FORCE THEATRE
A N I M A L FA R M
Director Barry Goldman Producer: Grantly Marshall
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Tour De Force Theatre Company
ANIMAL FARM – by George Orwell
Stage adaptation by Ian Wooldridge
Directed by Barry Goldman
Director Barry L. Goldman
Costumes Alessandra Mayer
Costume assistant Lindsay Phillips
Stage set and props Loretta Lipworth
Music Phillip Carleston and
Musical direction Peter Joucla
Tour Management Christian Baltes
UK Administration Stamatina Papamichali
ADGE Administration Alexandra Leipold
Producer Grantly Marshall
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Since ANIMAL FARM was first published in 1945 it has been translated into several
languages and has been read and enjoyed, studied and analyzed throughout the world.
George Orwell originally titled his book, ANIMAL FARM, A FAIRY STORY, and
he said that although it was primarily a satire on the Russian Revolution, it was
intended to have a wider application.
This simple story of animals and the events leading up to and following their rebellion
can be seen on many levels: our barnyard is a society or community, the time is both
the past and the present, the inhabitants are individuals whose hopes and dreams of
building a better world are eventually destroyed by the corruption of power.
It is a story that is as old as history, a story without end.
Here the animal nature is a mirror of the human condition.
Barry L. Goldman
London, September 2006
Barry Goldman - Director
Barry Goldman was born in the USA
where he received extensive training in
theatre and dance. In Europe he
attended L'Ecole Jacques Lecoq (Paris)
and later The Feldenkrais Training in
Barry Goldman was an Associate
Professor of Theatre at the University of
Michigan (USA) and continues to teach
theatre and movement workshops in France, Germany and in England.
1982-1985 he was an Associate Artistic Director of the Children's Theatre Company,
and for ten years Artistic Director of Théâtre Marcadet Paris directing (among others)
Molière, Ionesco, and Beckett for French language Tours throughout Europe. Barry
has directed many productions in English for the American Drama Group Europe
which have toured in Europe, Asia and Scandinavia.
Since 1996 Barry Goldman has been directing in German. His work has been seen in
various theaters throughout the country, including Braunschweig, Oberhausen, Halle,
Neuss and Münster. Recently he also directed a German touring production of
J.B.Priestley's Ein Inspektor Kommt. He has also created performance projects with
the Salzburger Festspiele in Austria.
Barry is delighted to be directing this production of Animal Farm and to be affiliated
with Tour de Force Theatre.
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George Orwell, whose given name was Eric Arthur Blair, was born on June 25th, 1903
in N.W. Bengal. He moved to England as a child and attended Eton from 1917–1921.
After finishing school he returned to Burma and joined the Indian Imperial Police. It
was here that he wrote his first novel BURMESE DAYS which was the beginning of
his criticism of totalitarianism and support for democratic socialism. In 1927 he left
for London and Paris and it was during this time that he changed his name. He lived
in extreme poverty and worked as a dishwasher, tutor and teacher, living a "tramp-like
existence mixing with the squalid and the sordid in doss-houses and workhouses".
Orwell published A CLERGYMAN'S DAUGHTER (1935) and KEEP THE
ASPIDISTRA FLYING (1936) which were critical successes but did not sell well. He
was married in 1936 and a year later published THE ROAD TO WIGAN PIER. With
the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War Orwell set off to Barcelona and joined the
militia. It was then that his eyes and consciousness were opened to the treachery of
Communism. His future political beliefs were conceived and organised during this
time and in particular "his opinion of the essential decency of man, if only it were
allowed to triumph over political and social intrigue and cant".
In 1937 he returned to England but suffered from ill-health which followed him for the
remainder of his life. He published COMING UP FOR AIR in 1939 followed by a long
essay on Charles Dickens. Because of his bad health he was denied service in the
military in World War II but in 1941 joined the Indian service of the B.B.C.. His wife
died during the last year of the war and the grieving Orwell went abroad as a
correspondent for THE OBSERVER. Between November 1943 and February 1944
Orwell wrote his satire on the Russian Revolution, ANIMAL FARM, which was
published in 1945. The book was a huge success and finally brought Orwell some
financial security. He published many essays and works after this, the last being his
grim, terrifying novel, 1984. He remarried in 1949 and made plans for a new book but
on January 23rd, 1950, died suddenly.
Orwell published 13 books and wrote hundreds of essays. Although not considered a
great novelist he wrote cleanly, simply and succinctly like Hemingway and was a
genius as a prose stylist.
As a man who thrived on contradiction and whose work and beliefs were full of
paradoxes it is difficult to "apply a basic philosophy of belief to his collective works".
He believed in socialism but felt it inappropriate for a writer to formally become
affiliated with a political party. He was an ardent patriot but criticised the English for
their "class consciousness, their inablity to think logically and their lack of artistic
ability". "His fierce honesty and passionate pursuit of truth angered many but made
countless friendships among all sorts and conditions of men; and even enemies began
to respect him."
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George Orwell, 1936.
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Fiona trained at Drama Studio London and
the University of Hull. Her acting work
includes: Viola in a tour of Twelfth Night
(Changeling Theatre Company);
Desdemona in Othello (Epsilon
Productions); Julie in Cosi at the Bridewell
Theatre (Ocean Theatre Company); Rachel
in Snapshots and Bethsheba/ Georgina in
The Ark, The Bride and The Coffin at the
Old Red Lion (Fluff Productions);
Dymphna in Dance Hall Days at the
Riverside Studios (Irish Repertory
Company UK); and the voice of the furies
in the BBC4 dance film The Furies. Fiona
produced and performed in The Portable
Virgin, which premiered at the Bridewell
Theatre and the Martin E. Segal Theater, New York as part of the 2004 off-Broadway
Michael graduated from Dartington College of Arts with a Theatre Degree in 1995.
After which he took up proper jobs in Banking and Photography until 1999, when the
lure of taking to the stage in tights and make
up became too great. Michael’s early work
included directing a production of
Shakespeare’s ‘Much Ado About Nothing’.
He also performed in a national tour of
‘Macbeth’ on a bouncy castle, and is proud
to have been a silver hotpant clad dancer in
the video for the unsuccessful Russian entry
in the Eurovision Song Contest.
Recently Michael has played Lysander in
‘A Midsummer Nights Dream’ at Hampton
Court Palace, and ‘Macbeth’ for stage and
film. He also received a big cheque for a
very small part in the film ‘Closer’. The part
was cut, but he got to drink tea with Jude
Law, and experience in the flesh the fact
that Julia Roberts is much taller than he is.
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Rebecca trained at Exeter University and Drama
Studio London, graduating in 2000. Career
highlights since include: "A Christmas Carol" in
London's West End, an open-air UK tour of castles
and stately homes with Shakespeare's "A
Midsummer Night's Dream", "La Boheme" with
Grange Park Opera, the hit comedy "I Am Star Trek"
at the Edinburgh Festival, the role of Magrat in Terry
Pratchett's "Lords and Ladies" and a stage adaptation
of "Ben-Hur" (in which she got to play yet another
horse!) She has also appeared in numerous short
films and music videos. As a musician she has
played clarinet in the Royal Festival Hall and Royal
Albert Hall, toured internationally with the National Youth Choir and released two
E.P.s as half of electro-pop duo Oosterdok (www.oosterdok.co.uk). In her spare time
she enjoys long-distance walking and has just completed a 200 mile trek across
David Laughton graduated from the Drama
Studio, London in July 2005.
Acting credits since graduation include Red
Lion Square - a six part drama series for
American TV, stage performances at the Union
Theatre, London (The Little Dressmaker) , the
Riverside Studios (Twelfth Night), the
Edinburgh Festival (Lost Hearts) and the
National Portrait Gallery (Concordia
Foundation presents ‘Shakespeare and Love’).
An accomplished pianist, violinist and singer,
David also holds a Masters Degree from the
Julliard School in New York and has appeared
at many of the world’s leading concert venues
including Carnegie Hall in New York, Wigmore Hall in London, Royal
Concertgebouw in Amsterdam and the Louvre Museum in Paris.
He recorded his first c.d. for the Marquis label in Canada in 2001 and has broadcast
on radio and television throughout Europe and the USA.
David was recently hailed by London’s Theatreland Magazine as “an amazing
musician and wonderful comic actor.”
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Edmund trained at Rose Bruford College of Speech and
Drama in London. Recent credits include Banquo in
Macbeth and Bottom in A Midsummer Nights Dream (The
Young Shakespeare Company), Stephano in The Tempest
(The Orange Tree Theatre), Crump in The Titfield
Thunderbolt (Third Space) and Nathan in The Sea Morgans
Child(Chalkfoot). Film credits include Zebra Crossings and
several short films.
Alessandra Mayer – Costume Designer.
Alessandra studied fine art and painting at the
Academy of Art in Bologna, Italy. In 2002, she was
awarded first prize in a Public Visual Art competition
organised by the town council of Trento. In the same
year, she moved to the U.K. in response to a personal
need to extend the boundaries of her artistic language,
through the exploration of creative design. In London,
she graduated in Costume Design at Wimbledon
School of Art and immediately began to collaborate
with other artists, musicians and choreographers. Since
then, as a freelance costume designer, she has designed
for a wide variety of projects in dance, theatre, film and arts festivals, including
projects at The Place, London, Howard Dance Theatre, London Contemporary Dance
and the Guildhall School of Music. She has also created costumes for the Notting Hill
Carnival and the London Mayer’s Thames Festival. In 2005 she was invited to design
costumes for a London production of Animal Farm, directed by Barry Goldman and
is delighted to be working with him again on a new production of Orwell’s classic
story for Tour De Force Theatre. She now lives and works in London.
Administration Tour De Force Theatre. Stamatina studied
acting in Veaki School in Athens (1998-2001). She also
holds a BA in French Language and Literature from the
University of Athens. Before moving to London a couple
of years ago, she spent 2 years in Paris studying for a MA
in Performance Studies at the University Paris VIII – St
Denis. Her dissertation was mainly examining the work of
Théâtre du Soleil. As an actor she has worked on several
shows and films in London, Paris and Athens. She has
also worked with dancers on two physical shows
(Toisallou & Cats on the roof) that she performed and co-directed. She speaks fluently
Greek, Polish, French and English and occasionally works as a translator. Stamatina
has been working as Tour de Force’s administrator since May 2006.
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Ida Blair and Eric, Motihari,
Richard Walmesley Blair, Eric’s
father, during his retirement in
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Peter Joucla – Musical Director / Director of Tour De Force Theatre.
Peter studied Performing Arts in London. He worked as a teacher and
lecturer in colleges in England and Holland before moving full-time into
theatre. He was musical director of ‘L’Amfipiarnaso’ for Trestle Theatre
Company, and more recently for a production of ‘A Midsummer Nights
Dream’ at Northampton Theatre Royal. He has directed a wide number
of productions, for adults and young people and for the Edinburgh
Festival. In 1995 he fell upon the American Drama Group, and toured
for several years as an actor, most notoriously as Bill Sikes in ‘Oliver
Twist,’ and Boxer in ‘Animal Farm.’ Since then he has founded Tour
De Force Theatre Company, based in the UK, with whom he has
directed a wide range of touring productions including Bernard Shaw’s
‘The Importance of Being Earnest,’ George Orwell’s ‘1984,’ J.B.
Priestley’s ‘An Inspector Calls.’
and Willy Russell’s classic comedy ‘Educating Rita.’
In addition to theatre, Peter is a published author, focusing mainly on
work for young people. His book ‘Absurd, Black and Comic Sketches’
was published in 1991 and another is due the moment he gets a bit of
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GRANTLY MARSHALL, actor, GUNNAR FRED KUEHN Cana-
producer, founder of THE AMERI- dian actor, director, and producer has
CAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE, been with the company for 20 years.
begins his 30th season. This is his 187th He is especially interested in pro-
production. ducing Holland and Italy.
ALEXANDRA LEIPOLD ANGELIKA MARTIN has been
received her degree in Chinese involved in cultural management
Studies in 2006 from the Ludwigs- since the 1980’s. After completing
Maximilian-Universität, München, assignments with various city gover-
and began immediately to work for nments in Germany, she became free
THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP lance and has worked with THE
EUROPE. AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP
EUROPE for the past 16 seasons.
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THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE - HISTORY
THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE was formed by Ohio native Grantly Marshall
in 1978 in the city of Munich. It was linked in the beginning to the University of Munich
where the first performances were held. It expanded quickly to other theatres in Munich and
also began to give guest performances in other German cities. The expansion was continued
to include many countries in Europe and Asia.
The actors come from New York, London, and Paris (in 1985 French theatre performances
were added to our repertoire) where the productions are cast and directed. The plays
performed include American, British, and French classic and modern dramas such as DEATH
OF A SALESMAN, A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE, OUR TOWN, WHO’S AFRAID
OF VIRGINIA WOOLF?, ARSENIC AND OLD LACE, HAROLD AND MAUDE, OF
MICE AND MEN, EDUCATING RITA, KING LEAR, THE CANTERVILLE GHOST,
AMADEUS, SLEUTH, A CHRISTMAS CAROL, ANIMAL FARM, THE PICTURE OF
DORIAN GRAY, OLIVER TWIST, THE BEGGAR’S OPERA, THE IMPORTANCE OF
BEING EARNEST, THE GLASS MENAGERIE, LE PETIT PRINCE, EDUCATING RITA,
RHINOCEROS, HUIS CLOS, LE BOURGEOIS GENTILHOMME, ANTIGONE, FABLES,
EXERCICES DE STYLE, CAT ON A HOT TIN ROOF, DAVID COPPERFIELD, THE
GREAT GATSBY, MOBY DICK, PYGMALION, THE GRAPES OF WRATH,
MAUPASSANT, DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE, MACBETH, THE GHOSTS OF POE,
DINNER FOR ONE, CANDIDE.
The goal of THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE is to perform high quality theatre
in as many countries in the world as possible. Our 2005-2006 schedule, May 2005-May 2006,
includes the following productions:
KING LEAR, LE PETIT PRINCE, A CHRISTMAS CAROL (2 productions), EDUCATING
RITA, MACBETH, FRANKENSTEIN, MOON PALACE, L´ETRANGER.
In 1994 THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE began touring European Castles.
CASTLE TOUR 2007 THE TEMPEST features many illustrious places and surprises. We
are hoping to make it a pan-European tour. Wish us luck with the weather.
We hope that you will be able to attend and enjoy our performances and wish you all the best
for the coming theatre season.
THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE Munich, October 2006
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THEATRE SEASON 2006/2007
CASTLE TOUR 2006 - TAMING OF THE SHREW - William Shakespeare
ANIMAL FARM - George Orwell
HUIS CLOS - Jean-Paul Sartre (French Language)
FRANKENSTEIN - Mary Shelley (Smith/Stebbings)
EDUCATING RITA - Willy Russell
A CHRISTMAS CAROL - Charles Dickens (2 versions)
KING LEAR - William Shakespeare
FAHRENHEIT 451 - Ray Bradbury
MACBETH - William Shakespeare
SHORT STORIES - Joseph Conrad, William Somerset Maugham, Salman Rushdie
L´ETRANGER – Albert Camus (French Language)
CASTLE TOUR 2007 - THE TEMPEST - William Shakespeare
THE AMERICAN DRAMA GROUP EUROPE
TNT THEATRE Grantly Marshall Gunnar Kuehn
28 Danes Road Karolinenplatz 3 Maistr. 33
Exeter EX4 6JQ D-80333 München D-80337 München
Tel./Fax 0044-1392-410575 Tel: (49) 89 / 34 38 03 Tel: (49) 89 / 38 88 91 29
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