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Interior Design

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					  Interior Design
The 6 Elements of Design
                         Space
   Space is the area in
    which we work
   It defines limits and sets
    boundaries of our design
   It is limited by width,
    length and height
   To make space seem
    larger - use soft, light,
    cool colors
   To make space seem
    smaller – use patterns or
    dark, warm colors
                     Line
   Line establishes
    shape and form
   It suggests movement
    and leads or moves
    the eye around the
    room
   Lines are either
    straight or curved
   Straight lines are
    considered to be
    more masculine
Vertical lines suggest formality and dignity
Diagonal lines create a sense of drama
Horizontal lines are relaxed, restful and casual.
   Curved lines add interest
    and relief

   Curved lines are softer,
    so are considered to be
    more feminine
                        Form
   The shape of an object is
    form (square, rectangle,
    round, oval)
   Forms in a room should be
    harmonious
   Rectangular shapes are
    more pleasing to the eye
    than square shapes
   Rectangles are most often
    the dominant shape in a
    room
Squares suggest a rational, stable form with no
direction
   A circle implies unity and
    completeness
Triangle is a stable, but dynamic shape
                       Texture
   The surface of an object,
    its smoothness or roughness,
    is another important
    decorating tool
   The use of several
    complementary textures can
    add variety and keep
    interest alive
   Be careful to avoid dramatic
    contrasts between the
    textures
   It is not a good idea to use
    casual, rough burlap in the
    same setting with a soft and
    formal moiré
               Texture cont.
   Heavily textured, nubby,
    rough surfaces absorb
    more light. They are
    more casual in feeling;
    they seem to be darker
    and they are good at
    absorbing sound
   Smooth and shiny
    surfaces are more formal;
    they appear to be lighter
    and are more reflective
    of light
                             Pattern
   Pattern is the repetition of a
    decorative motif on a surface
   It is closely related to texture,
    but individual elements of
    pattern appear as individual
    items and texture appears as an
    overall tone.
   Pattern provides the spice in
    decorating
   Scale is important in the use of
    pattern
   If a large print is used on a
    small object the pattern will get
    lost
                  Pattern cont.
   You can safely use a
    floral pattern with a
    geometric pattern, a
    stripe or check
   Be careful not to create
    an effect that is too busy
   Use patterns that are in
    proportion to each other
   A large floral would be
    out of proportion with a
    small check
                         Color
   Color is one of the most
    powerful tools used in
    interior design/
    decorating.
   Color should be studied
    both psychologically and
    emotionally to be
    understood and used
    correctly.
   The amount of light also
    affects color
   Dim lighting reduces a
    color's value and
    diminishes its hue
                     Color cont.
   High lighting levels can
    either intensify the hue or
    make the color appear
    washed out
   Color swatches should be
    tested in their actual
    location under the expected
    lighting conditions before
    final decisions are made
   The amount of area covered
    affects color
   Color intensifies as the area
    of color increases
   It is also important to
    remember that interior
    colors should be chosen
    inside and exterior colors
    outside
Now that you know the six
Elements of Design , you
can better understand
them and you can make
them work for you

				
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posted:7/16/2012
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