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					  Fabrics

Objective 1.02
         Fabric Construction
• Which is which?
  – Nonwoven, woven, knit

    A.              B.         C.
                    Woven
                   Key Terms
• Filling- crosswise yarns

• Weft- aka filling yarns

• Warp- yarns that run the length
of the fabric.
                 Woven Fabric
                   Types
• Plain- simplest of all weaves.
   – Broadcloth, poplin, and gingham
• Twill- Parallel, diagonal ridges on the fabric
  surface. Firm and heavy weave.
   – Denim, flannel, and gabardine
• Satin- yarns that float on the surface to give it a
  luster of shine.
   – Used for blouses, eveningwear, and bed linens.
• Leno- Warp yarns cross and twist between the
  filling yarns.
   – Use for open-weave curtains and draperies, thermal
     blankets, and netting.
    Plain Weave
»      Broadcloth
»

»                   Poplin




      Gingham
    Twill Weave
»    Denim
»
»        Flannel
»                  Gabardine
Leno Weave
     Thermal Blankets




    Netting
                        Knit
                     Key Terms
• Knit- Have lengthwise and crosswise yarns.
  – Stretch more in the crosswise direction.
  – 2 basic knits are weft and warp



• Purl- Same on both sides.
  – Stretch in both lengthwise and
  crosswise direction.
  – Used for sweaters.
Knit Types
 • Single knit

 • Double knit

 • Ribbed knit

 • Stretch knit

  • Tricot knit

 • Raschel knit
                  Nonwoven
                  Key Terms
• Felting- Matting wool or other
 fibers with moisture, heat,
 and pressure.



• Interfacing- Joined or
fused together with an
adhesive or bonding agent.

				
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posted:7/15/2012
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