• Which is which?
– Nonwoven, woven, knit
A. B. C.
• Filling- crosswise yarns
• Weft- aka filling yarns
• Warp- yarns that run the length
of the fabric.
• Plain- simplest of all weaves.
– Broadcloth, poplin, and gingham
• Twill- Parallel, diagonal ridges on the fabric
surface. Firm and heavy weave.
– Denim, flannel, and gabardine
• Satin- yarns that float on the surface to give it a
luster of shine.
– Used for blouses, eveningwear, and bed linens.
• Leno- Warp yarns cross and twist between the
– Use for open-weave curtains and draperies, thermal
blankets, and netting.
• Knit- Have lengthwise and crosswise yarns.
– Stretch more in the crosswise direction.
– 2 basic knits are weft and warp
• Purl- Same on both sides.
– Stretch in both lengthwise and
– Used for sweaters.
• Single knit
• Double knit
• Ribbed knit
• Stretch knit
• Tricot knit
• Raschel knit
• Felting- Matting wool or other
fibers with moisture, heat,
• Interfacing- Joined or
fused together with an
adhesive or bonding agent.