Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution - PowerPoint by KP3OSUuY

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									The Evolution of Colonial
  Society, 1700-1765



         June 21, 2006
Questions for the Day…

What are the common themes that
joined together the English colonies
and kept them in touch with their
European contemporaries?

What was the status of women within
colonial society?
                 Historiography—
the history of historical study, including schools of
    thought, debates between historians, etc.
    Hierarchy, whether it be a social hierarchy
 or a gender hierarchy, was believed to be normal
and necessary for the healthy functioning of society
Hierarchy of Colonial Society

                           Governor



          Merchants         Elites          Planters



 Wage Workers              Artisans                Yeomanry



                      Indentured Servants



                           Slaves
Colonial Woman and Child
    “By marriage, the husband and wife are one
   person in law; that is, the very being or legal
 existence of the woman is suspended during the
marriage, or at least is incorporated and consolidated
    into that of the husband; under whose wing,
 protection, and cover, she performs everything.”


                               William Blackstone
1) What was the status of women in the British
         North American colonies?

2) To what degree did the legal status of women
        differ from their de facto status?
               Lois Green Carr and Lorena S. Walsh


Factors Determining the Status of Women in Colonial Maryland included:

           1) the predominance of an immigrant population

                 2) the early death of male inhabitants

 3) late marriages of women due to their terms as indentured servants

        4) a gender imbalance where men outnumbered women
                          Mary Beth Norton


1) Women were confined to the domestic sphere, and were consequently
                           lacking in status

            2) All of their energy was expected to be spent
                         working within the home

    3) Women were frequently isolated from other women, and did
               not enjoy educational opportunities
  Fundamental Principles of the Enlightenment

1) the existence of laws governing the natural world


          2) the power of human reason


         3) the natural rights of individuals


    4) the progressive improvement of society
The Age of Enlightenment




 Isaac Newton   Rene Descartes
  John
 Locke

  English
Philosopher
Benjamin
Franklin

 Founding
  Father,
 Inventor,
Philosopher,
Writer, etc.
    “I grew convinc’d that Truth, Sincerity & Integrity in
     Dealings between Man & Man, were of the utmost
  Importance to the Felicity of Life…. I conceiv’d the bold
    and arduous Project of arriving at moral Perfection.
I wish’d to live without committing any Fault at any time; I
would conquer all that either Natural Inclination, Custom,
              or Company might lead me into.”

                                       Benjamin Franklin
 George
Whitefield


Evangelist
 during 1st
   Great
Awakening
      “The bitter cries and groans were enough to
  pierce the hardest heart. Some of the people were
  as pale as death; others were wringing their hands;
  others lying on the ground; others sinking into the
  arms of their friends; and most lifting their eyes to
heaven, and crying to God for mercy. They seemed like
  persons…coming out of their graves to judgment.”

                                       George Whitefield
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      Impact of the Great Awakening

•   For some, refreshed spiritual energy
•   Revivals embraced egalitarian virtues
•   Set of common experiences
•   Colonists gained a new sense of religious
    authority
•   Founding of new colleges

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             Summary
• Colonial society still based very much
  on a social hierarchy and gender
  hierarchy
• The Great Awakening and the
  Enlightenment were both powerful
  movements that helped generate a
  common cultural language
• By the 1700s, colonial America had
  become more than just a collection of
  small, isolated settlements

								
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