Basic Pistol Marksmanship - PowerPoint by Kt1L3B5

VIEWS: 211 PAGES: 86

									Weapon Training Basics


 Safety
              For Judges
 Knowledge   3/19/2009
              Created by Judge James P. MacElree using the
              NRA training template
              “First Steps Pistol #2” http://www.nratraining.com/


 Practice
              This should only be used in conjunction with a
              certified firearms instructor and is an outline only.

              Also: CLICK here for judicialsecuritypa.com
                     This is a Gun

            NEVER POINT A GUN AT
             ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT
              WILLING TO DESTROY
                              Hammer                                        Hammerless
BARREL                                       BARREL
Bullet
comes out
here
                                                        TRIGGER
                                                      TRIGGER
            TRIGGER                                   Keep finger off
            Keep Finger off
                               GRIP                                     GRIP
                               Hold firmly                              Hold firmly
                Revolver Parts

   Frame                           Action
    •   Grip panels                       •Trigger
    •   Back strap                        •Hammer
                                          •Cylinder
    •   Trigger guard
                                          •Chamber
    •   Rear sight
                                          •Cylinder release
                                              latch
   Barrel                                •(Loading gate)
    •   Bore                              •(Ejector rod)
    •   Rifling
    •   Muzzle
                        To View Animation
    •   Front sight     CLICK below or paste to browser
                        Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated
                        Revolver
                        Pistol Parts
                       Semi-automatics

 Frame                                          Action
      Safety                                         Hammer
      Slide lock                                     Slide
      (De-cocker)                                    Sights
      Grip panels                                    Ejection port
      Back strap                                     Magazine
      Trigger guard                                  Magazine release
                                                      Trigger
 Barrel
      Bore
      Chamber
      Rifling
      Muzzle                To View Animation
                             CLICK below or paste in browser
                             Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Glock
        Shotgun & Rifle
            Parts
                         Rear sight
        Comb                                     Barrel
                    Magazine      Slide
           Grip

                  Ejection port           Front sight



Stock              Trigger
K. I. S. S.

Keep

It
Simple &

Safe
         SAFETY FIRST

1.   Treat every gun as if it were loaded.
2.   Be sure of your target and what is
     beyond it.
3.   Never point a gun at anything you are
     not willing to destroy.
4.   Keep your finger off the trigger until
     the gun is lined up on target.
        Gun Safety Rules
                    NRA




1.   Always keep the gun pointed in a
     safe direction.

2.   Always keep your finger off the
     trigger until you are ready to shoot.

3.   Always keep the gun unloaded until
     you’re ready to use it.
   GUNS DESTROY

Negligent Discharges Kill
Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger

One Mistake With a Gun
May Be Your Last

Stay Focused On SAFETY
Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger
    Negligent Discharge
        Is Not an Accident

   I thought it was empty
   I was picking it up
   I dropped it on the ground
   I pulled it from my holster
   I was putting it back
   I was under stress
   I was cleaning it
   Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger
     Other Safety Rules

   Be sure the gun is safe to operate
   Know how to use the gun safely
   Use only the correct ammunition
   Know your target and what is beyond it
   Wear hearing and eye protection
   Never use alcohol or drugs before or
    while shooting
   Store guns so they are not accessible to
    children or unauthorized persons
  Hand Gun Operation

 SAFETY    FIRST
 Loading

 •Cocking
  •Uncocking
    •Unloading
       Revolver Unloaded

   Open the cylinder and
    push the extractor rod in

   Keep pushing to extract
    all cartridges

   Revolver unloading
    complete
 Semi-Auto Pistol Unloaded


•Point gun in safe direction.
•Press magazine release
button to remove magazine.

•Pull slide fully to rear to eject any cartridge
remaining in chamber.
•While holding slide in rearward (open) position,
carefully inspect chamber making sure it is empty.
•Slowly release slide, allowing it to return to
forward position.         Click Here for Video Clip
                        http://www.sigsauer.com/CustomerService/MaintenanceGuides
                        .aspx?vid=1
    Ammunition & Fundamentals


   Proper Ammo

   Malfunctions

   Hand/eye choice

   Fundamentals
           Ammunition
Make sure you have the correct ammunition!


CHECK MARKINGS
1. Barrel or Slide
2. Cartridge Case
3. Box of Ammo

   ALL 3 MUST BE
   MARKED FOR
   SAME AMMO
                     Failure to use ammunition designed for the
                     gun can result in serious injury or death
      Ammunition
Potential ammunition malfunctions



                    Misfire – not go off
                    Hangfire - delayed

                    THE CARTRIDGE

                    1.   Primer
                    2.   Powder
                    3.   Case
                    4.   Bullet
      Ammunition
Potential ammunition malfunctions



                       Squib Load
                       Bullet stuck in
                       barrel

                       Next Shot =

                       Gun Explosion
                       Injury to You
Pistol Explosion
   semi-automatic
Revolver Explosion
Shooting Fundamentals
    Physical Characteristics


                   Dominant eye?
                   Right or Left

                   Shooting hand?
                   Right or Left

                   The opposite
                    strengths
                    problem
      Which Eye is Dominant

1.   Poke a small hole in a piece of paper
2.   Hold paper up with both hands with
     arms fully extended.
3.   View a object/target through the hole.
4.   Close one of your eyes,
5.   If what you are looking at disappears,
     the other eye is dominate, if it is still
     there then that eye is dominate.
Shooting Fundamentals
       The Six Fundamentals


 Position      Standing or Sitting

  Grip (fit)     Hold Tight

     Sight Alignment
       Breath Control
            Trigger Squeeze
               Follow Through
    Shooting Fundamentals
                  1. Position – Stance



-   Consistency

-   Balance

-   Support

-   NPA (Natural Point
    of Aim)

-   Comfort
  Shooting Fundamentals
                              2. Grip


                                  - “V” high on the
                                  backstrap
                                  - Lower three fingers
                                  wrap & hold
                                  - Thumb & middle
                                  finger touch



-Wrap the four fingers of weak hand
around lower three fingers of the strong
hand
-- Thumbs on the same side of the pistol
Shooting Fundamentals
     3. Sight Alignment
Shooting Fundamentals
     3. Sight Alignment




                 Target, front sight
                  and rear sight
                  aligned




                 “Six o’clock” hold,
                  or “center of mass”
                  hold
Shooting Fundamentals
         3. Sight Alignment




 Focus is on the…   front sight
  Shooting Fundamentals
               4. Breath Control



Body movement affects the shot
  - So… quiet yourself

Breathing requires muscle movement
  - So… shoot between breaths


Breathe out part way, hold, and shoot
Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors
  will create movement and disrupt the shot
Shooting Fundamentals
         5. Trigger Squeeze/Press



 Don’t “Pull” the trigger
 “SQUEEZE” the trigger
 or
 “PRESS” the trigger
 Gradually increasing pressure until the
    mechanism releases

 SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots
    Shooting Fundamentals
           6. Follow Through


   Bring the gun back on target

   Ready for a second or third shot

   Keep your eyes open

   BE AWARE
       Selection
    The Best for You
 Safety    First
 Guns              For Judges
 Ammunition         3/19/2009
                     Created by Judge James P. MacElree

 Holsters
                     using the NRA training template
                     “First Steps Pistol #2”
                     http://www.nratraining.com/


 Tactics            This should only be used in conjunction
                     with a certified firearms instructor and is an


 Resources
                     outline only.

                      Click on Link
                     judicialsecuritypa.com
 You are Unique

  Quality Options
            &

 Quality   Equipment
  Properly      Chosen

 Will   Work for You
Which Hammer is Best




       Depends on
        The Job
           &
       Your Ability
 Which Gun is Best

When   Under Attack

    The   Gun

  In   Your Hand
         SAFE

      Gun   and Ammo

    Must  Be Safe
        For You

   Your Life Depends on It
      EASY TO USE

      Gun   and Ammo

    Must  Be Easy
        For You

   Your Life Depends on It
       RELIABLE

      Gun   and Ammo

    Must  Be 100%
        Reliable

   Your Life Depends on It
                   Mind Set

           Be Alert
        See the Threat
        Stop the Threat
        Your Life Depends on It
The most important means of surviving a lethal confrontation is neither the
weapon nor the martial skills. The primary tool is the combat mindset, set
forth in Principles of Personal Defense.   Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper
 Your Level of Alert
             The Color Code


Military has 4 colors   [Color Code Details Click Here]



Civilian L.E. has 5 colors
White    =   Unprepared
Yellow   =   Relaxed Alertness
Orange   =   Unspecified Alert
Red      =   Armed Encounter
Black    =   Lethal Assault - Must Shoot.
    Knowledge


 "Be careful around the
man who owns only one
gun - He probably knows
   how to use it!"Anon.
  It’s All About You

Your - Use for the Gun
Your - Abilities
Your - Limitations
Your - Comfort Level
Your - Gun’s Safety Features
         YOUR ABILITIES

   Are You Mechanically Inclined

   What is Your Dexterity

   How Often Will You Practice
    • Practice – For Real Life Scenarios
What Size Are You
 SIZE MATTERS

   How   Big Are You
 How    Strong Are You
             ********
 What   Size is the Gun
 Too   Big or Too Small
       Good Choices

   Revolver          (Best for All Around Use)
             • 2” – 6” Barrel
             • Chambered      for   .357      or   38 Special
             • Loaded with JHP      125 gr.        115 gr.

   Pistol          (More Experience Required)
             • 3” – 5” Barrel
             • Chambered      for    9MM     or     40 S&W
             • Loaded with JHP       124 gr.        155 gr.

   Shotgun           (At Home – Trunk of Car)
             • 18” – 20” Barrel
             • Chambered for 12 Gauge
             • Loaded with 00 Buck Shot
                 Revolver

                  38 Special                             Snub Nose
•Easy to Carry
                  [Click on Link]
•Concealable
                  357 Magnum                           4 Inch Barrel
•Simple To Use
•5 to 7 Shots
•Slower Reload
                                    Inherent Safe Design
•Short Range                        Double Action Trigger
                                    Heavier Trigger Pull
                     Pistol
                      Semi -Auto




Easy to Carry      9MM

Concealable        [Click on Link]

More Complicated   40 S&W

7 to 19 Shots
                   45 ACP            May or May Not Have:
Faster Reload                          External Safety
                                       Single Action Trigger
Short Range                            Double Action Trigger
                                       Decocker
                 Shotgun


                                    Pump Action
                                    12 Gauge
•Good for Home Defense              00 Buck Shot

•Devastating Damage
                                        Good Safety Features
•Easy to use      [Click on Link]
                                          External Safety
•3 to 8 Shots     12 Gauge Pump
                                          Shell Ejector
•Devastating Power                        The Slide Action
•Medium Range                             Reliable
        Tactical Rifle


                                                Semi-Auto
                                                .223 Cal - 5.56x45mm NATO
Great Damage                                    55 gr. Hollow Point

                                             Good Safety Features
Collapsing Stock
                                               External Safety
                   [Click on Link]             Cartridge Ejector
More Complicated    AR - 15                    Detachable Magazine
10 to 30 Shots
Medium Power       “The rifle is for serious work”
Long Range            Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper
            Hunting Rifle

                            Pump Action
                            30 Cal
Extreme Penetration         150 gr. Hollow Point

Devastating Damage    Good Safety Features
                        External Safety
Easy to use             Cartridge Ejector
3 to 5 Shots            Detachable Magazine
Very High Power
Long Range
        Buy Quality

Beretta          Remington
Browning         Ruger
Colt             Sig Sauer
Glock            Smith & Wesson
Heckler & Koch   Springfield Armory
Kimber           Taurus
                                     To See on Line
Kahr             Walther
                                     Selection Site
Mossberg         Winchester
                 Not exhaustive list
                                     [Click Here]
          Video Clips
          Guns in Action

   38 Snub Nose
   9MM
   40 S&W          [CLICK ON LINKS]

   357 Magnum
   45 ACP
   12 Gauge Pump
       The Mouse Guns
            Pocket Pistols


 Any    Gun Less Than 9MM

 Such     As .380 .32          .22

     Small - Weak - Light

   But: “They Cause Leaks” -   Walt Rauch
                  Mouse Guns
                       Too Small ?


   22 Derringer               Only Two Shots


   32 ACP                Marginal Pocket Pistol

   380 ACP               Better Pocket Pistol
   [Click on Links]


                      But They Can Kill
                   Big Magnums
                    Too Large ?
44 Magnum
Kicks Hard



    500 S&W
    Kicks Harder
    Defense Against
    Grizzly Bears
[Click on Links]
                    Big Bore Rifles
                    Can Knock You Over
         Ammunition
Make sure you have the correct ammunition!


CHECK MARKINGS
1. Barrel or Slide
2. Cartridge Case
3. Box of Ammo

   ALL 3 MUST BE
   MARKED FOR
   SAME AMMO
                     Failure to use ammunition designed for the
                     gun can result in serious injury or death
       Types of
      Ammunition

                             Rifle Cartridge




Pistol Cartridge

                   Shotgun
                    Shell
Ammunition Parts


           THE CARTRIDGE

           1.   Primer
           2.   Powder
           3.   Case
           4.   Bullet
              The Bullet

JHP - Jacketed Hollow Point




                              1 - metal jacket
                              2 - lead
                              3 - hollow point
        Hand Gun Ammo
              JHP    Remington Golden Saber




   .380 Auto          88 grs   =    191 ft/lbs
   .38 Special       110 grs   =    220 ft/lbs
   .38 Special +P    125 grs   =    248 ft/lbs
    9MM              115 grs   =    341 ft/lbs
   .45 ACP           185 grs   =     411 ft/lbs
    9MM +P           124 grs   =     462 ft/lbs
   .40 S&W           155 grs   =     500 ft/lbs
   .45 ACP +P        185 grs   =     534 ft/lbs
   .357 Magnum       125 grs   =     583 ft/lbs
   +P = Extra Pressure   Use Only in Modern Guns
                          Produces Extra Recoil - Kick
       Ammo for Carry

   Your Life is on The Line
   Do Not Skimp on Quality
   Quality Factory Ammo Only
   HST Hollow Point   (Best)

   Golden Saber       (Very Good)

   Gold Dot           (Very Good)

   COR BON            (Good)        [Click on Link]

   Hydra-Shok         (Good)
    Ammo For Practice
   Police Practice
   With Carry Ammo

   If Jacketed Hollow Points are Too
    Expensive for Practice then Use:

   Ammo with Same Ballistics
    • Same Weight Bullet
    • Same Velocity
        Shotgun Shells

00 Buck Shot
    9 to 12 – Balls
    30 Yard Range

Slugs
    One - Heavy Projectile
    100+ Yard Range
Bird Shot
    100s - Small Pellets
    Not Recommended
                 Rifle Ammo

Devastating Power

300 + Yard Range

Goes Through Walls
    Note: Cal .223 - .55 gr. or less
Considered a good home defense load
      Does not over penetrate
                                       50 BMG, 30-06, 308 7.62x39, .223, .22LR
        Stopping Power

   Bullet Placement
      • Vital Organs - Arteries - Brain

   Depth of Penetration
      • 12+ Inches of Flesh
   Multiple Hits
      • Keep shooting until the threat is stopped
      • Practice Multiple Shots – Center Mass
    How Much Ammo

   "You'll never leave a gunfight
    wishing you had brought LESS
    ammunition." Anon.

           Carry With You
   A spare speed loader - Revolver
   A spare magazine - Pistol
        Bullet in Chamber ?
                     Conditions 1 & 2



   Revolvers        Yes - Fully Loaded
    • Modern Revolvers are Safe
         • Older Revolvers - No Hammer Block


   Pistols – Shotguns - Rifles
   Depends on Many Factors
    •   Manuel Safety? Yes - No
    •   Features of Gun
    •   Your Training
    •   Your Comfort Level
    •   Perhaps Suggested Article [Click on Link]
       Locked and Cocked ?


   Condition Zero:
    • A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety off
   Condition One:
    • A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety on
   Condition Two:
    • A round chambered, hammer down
   Condition Three:
    • Chamber empty
   Condition Four:
    • Chamber empty, no magazine
           Sights & Lasers

   White Outline
    • Helps with Aim

   Glow in the Dark
    • Trijicon     [Click on Link]
    • Greater Accuracy in Low Light


   Laser Beam -            Projects a Red Dot
    • Grip Mount - [Click on Link]
    • Barrel Mount - [Click on Link]
       Bright Flash Light


   Illuminates Target
         &
   Blinds Attacker

   Using Gun Lights    [Click on Link]
                By Walt Rauch


   Mount on Gun   [Click on Link]
        Holsters
Secure
    • Keeps You in Possession

Safe
    • No Accidentally Discharge

Comfortable
    • So You Will Carry it
     Holsters & Gun Bags


 Retention of Gun is Critical
 Dozens of Options

 Very   Personal Choice
 Do   Not Skimp on Quality
   You Will End up With Many
                      Purse Holsters




                                                 Slide
                                                 Holster




                   Fanny Pack
Inside The Pants                Strap and Lock
                                                 Pocket Holsters
                    Paddle




                                Small of Back     Shoulder Rig
Belt Loop          High Rider
    Considerations

 Retention
 Comfort
 Ease of Access
 Time to Draw and Re-Holster
 Concealment Level
 Clothing to be Worn
 Durability
         Holster Sites

   Bianchi
   DeSantis
                  [Click on Link]
   Galco
   Safariland
   Uncle Mikes
   Concealed Carry Vests
   U.S.C.C.A. U.S. Concealed Carry Assoc
        Average Gun Fight

           BE AWARE - BE PREPARED
Onset    Fast You will be the one surprised by the attack
Duration Seconds First solid hit usually wins
Distance   Close Less than 20’ - Distance is your friend
Shots Fired Few Practice multiple shots
Lighting      Poor Light Practice in low light also
        STAY IN CONTROL OF YOURSELF
   FBI stats may be meaningless to your situation – based on Officer Killed study
       Survivability

Be Aware       Gives You Time To Act Quickly

Ready Your Weapon          Draw Your Gun

Move to Cover        Something Solid

State of Mind    Willing to Shoot

Stop the Threat        Shooting Center Mass
Stay Alert   Don’t Let Your Guard Down
     What Really Happens


   Read This Article -      [Click on Link]


   Tactics & Training

   What Really Happens In A Gunfight?

   The conclusions from twenty-five
    years of lethal force investigation.
       • By Dave Spaulding
    Carjacker Attack

If he says: Get out of the car!
Let him have the car - Everyone Out

If he says: Move over!
He intends to kill you – Fight or Flight

  Defeating the Carjacker   [Click on Link]
      Attack At Home

   Move Quickly to a Safe Room
   Close and Lock Door
   Seek Cover
   Ready Your Weapon – Point at Door
   Dial 911
                   Personal Protection Inside
   Yell
                   the Home DVD [Click Here]
    • I Have a Gun
    • Get Out
    • I called Police
               Self Defense
                 A Good Book


            Real-World

           SURVIVAL!
          • What Has Worked For Me
                      By Walt Rauch
[Click Here To See]    US Secret Service
                       US Army Intelligence
                Self Defense
                 A Good Book


     IN    THE GRAVEST EXTREME
                       By Mass Ayoob
                           “Master Instructor”
                           “Law Enforcement Guru”
[Click Here To See]

             If You Shoot Someone
          Your Life Will Change Forever
      Self Defense
          Good - Books



Basics of Personal Protection in
 the Home – Book [Click Here]

Personal Protection Outside the
 Home - Book [Click Here]
     More Information

   More Detailed Information

   What you need to know about
    • GUNS and AMMUNITION

   “Ammo & Ballistics” [Click Here]
      Additional Training
   NRA Basic Pistol
    Shooting Course
                      [Click on Link]

   NRA Personal
    Protection Course

   Competitive shooting
    (IPSC, IDPA, SASS,
    etc.)
   Smith & Wesson
    Training [Click on Link]

   Sheriff’s Department

								
To top