زمن المضارع المستمر

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زمن المضارع المستمر Powered By Docstoc
					                                Present Continuous



          *
              !" # $ % &' () ' *                                 +
                    , - . / 0 ))12 3      45      )" 6 7 & ( 8) 9$: 5       .


                 ;                   3) < = ( . 32
           What do we mean by the term Present Continuous?
                   "? 32 7   C* B      A >"?   @4 <
                     ()         D. . 3: ) .82 +             EF .

         GH     $I 32 JK L.M              N    L.4 ,1O 6    C$          I =-
N8      * 3P        32 E              L.M =- QH       .H QH      .H         L.M 7
                                           .

                   *;              N 5.R < ,
                When to use the Present Continuous?
        M 9$I S T< U V                     5.R ()                        4 32 =-:

                7         0<!       X T< * L.4 * N O O            ( 4 32 W *
         3 M                       32 L.M $I Z YRT 0 2 >1F C$ GH            32
     .( 1 )I 5.R                [ ZN8      32 3: ) J* N M         L.M   N        $I
                                           Now
                                    (1 * / Examples

             Naser and Mohammad are playing football now .

                           .M        \<J     1 5.8 D       JK

    JK             7      L.M $I 5.8 D           ]       I )I L.M )I @4 <            =-
         \ < 3: ) .H C* ] 8 N 8              32         H 3: ) .H >1F          32
                           O " * (O " . D F ]               .M    .
                        D F ] 1 AA (         "- 0 2 )I L.M =-))
               +               E                         5.R < # $ .


     3P         32 L.4             X T< * L.4 * N O O                 ( 4 32 W < ^
               .H L.M $I J* N M                  >1F     GH 32            7
             _H * N `              - J F .H C$     6.M     [ GH N 8           32 .

                                    (1 * / Examples


                       Salem is working for an oil company.

                               N     7    1 ( a 32 > ".

         7         I 3P        32 *. BB ( T 32 N           AA I )I L.M =-
             32 > " N O ( T 32 N             7         > " J* C* JK
               L.M =- Z 6.M          [ N/* , - N 8        32     "( T
+                      5.R <    #$         5.O (           "? ,1O 7. BBN        AA )I.
               Mary is studying music in New York.

                    b . c         < 32 ,8 "    C    .


          7         I 3P       32 *. BB,8 "    (" 6AA I )I L.M
  N8      32         " : " 6 ,8 "        b . G           C      J* C* JK
      (    "? ,1O 7. BB (" . AA )I L.M =- Z 6.M                [ N/* , -
                +                5.R < # $          5.O .


  L.M S " N O * L.4 O L.M 1                                  5.R < .H W ^
                 ( 1 5.R < ( M 9$I 32 Z N 8             32
          N8        32 L.M " L.M J* 7. (1 / 0 a * D O *.

                             (1 * / Examples


We are buying anew car as soon as the new models come out.

  C T)" D. .d          6      0 2 :e C$ GH     32        H D. ./ D " .



          H L.M " L.M $I BB D           f aAA I )I L.M =-
  (       " ,1O 7.             L.4 D      f a ] 8 N8                32 C*
N N8       ,1O 7.          1 ) .R "- # $ Z                       ) .R "- $:
                               As soon as
            The new student is arriving next week.

                   D. .d (      N_ " 56 8        "' .

       H L.M " L.M $I BB D. .d (           7 \ AA I )I L.M =-
 (      " ,1O 7.              L.4 (      7 \      ] 8 N8        32 C*
N N8      ,1O 7.         1 ) .R "- # $ Z                    ) .R " $:
                              Next week



             L.M         [ L.4 O L.M ( 4 32 W
             ( 1 5.R < ( M 9$I 32 Z F            always
                        7 /Example

         My young son always is learning new things.
               >1   D6 O g_ 3) - D. ./ f a*.


           3P       .H    [    F f3a O L.M J F .H
                L.M       O P J F         0<* C* >1F

                                 7

             Wake up ! you are always sleeping.
                    5 ) D6 O G<* @8 "- .

         F 5 ) D6 O 32 ]` R           O )I 3P      [ L.M     =- .


            L .M         F L.4 O L.M ( 4 32 W           &
                ()       9$I * :T $I * "' $I f ".
                              (1 * / Examples

               I am taking five course this semester.

                         <* $&h 5     $I    "       ( &.

      5       $I 7 &        F 3        " F (" 6 I )I L.M =- .

               She is writing another book this year.

                          3I ] F ()        9$I &h       .

              &K          F (       I ()    9$I     F   L.M =- .

                ·&;               N i _< Q
              How to form The present Continuous ?

      5 H* L ^ , - ([ _ G H :                     32     ' N& . ) ..
        C$ f3T J* 7 H* 6 * 5 H* (^                 9$I , -     NH F
(2 P- I                        ([ \ (ing) .O N (H                  N      (8M1
                               C* (is-am- are)
                          5 H* (^    , - ) I JK :

                                        */
                                I + am + V -ing

S 4 =- I .O          N     >^ am (7 S 4 0<' I .O               N   - $&    am)
                         7 0 jM1 3" "' N            >^ (ing)

                                       7

                     I am reading a nice story now.
                           JK (1 / (_H * H* <*.
                            < ^/
               ( she-he-it) + is + V (ing)

(        D6             k        %.4- -         * =- She-he -it
     .O             N        >^ is      8M1 N      >^ (ing)

                                 (1 * ..

     She is trying to improve his work .

                :1 O                 M J* 7 M 3I .

                             It is raining.

                                       :<- .

                           ^/
              (we-you-they)+ are+ V (ing)

(    Vd             k         %.4- -           * =- we-you-they
    .O          N           >^ are 7 0 8M1 N         >^ (ing)


                                 (1 *:

                They are sleeping now.

                             JK J k < >I.

              You are singing beautifully.

                            ( $ 3)g G<* .
  ( R11 AA ) :e 4 >^ . / D.O 8 >:2             .   W (e4 ))!!!

     ·                     (l I ,1O : [ \ F        7 2* c )I
   VP    ()     ( 4 ,1O 7.       <- (      "? ,1O 7.       VH   32 :<'
              NFa 32 : [ \          M       V "    #$ (         "? 5.O
                3I +                     (l I 32 F :

              N8    Qk m , - 6 3 7 2' W                *
                        Mental state


         (know-realize-understand-recognize-
          believe-feel-suppose-think-imagine-
   doubt-remember-forget-want-need-prefer-mean)
                       7

                           7 8< J* ! R


                       He is knowing.


                              I n M_


                             He knows

               ()           <- nP 3 7 2' W < ^
                           Emotinal state

(love-like-appreciate-hate-dislike-fear-envy-mind -care)

                    ( F1     ,1O 7. 7 2* W ^
                 Possesion(posses-have-own-belong)


                         E R b M 7 2* W
                          Sense perception

                       (taste-smell-hear-feel-see)

            (     "? 5.O     7 4 ,1O 7. % &* 7 2* W &
(seem-look-appear-cost-owe-weigh-be-exist-consist of- contain-include)



                      *(   (1 d 32 3 ) i _< Q :
                      How to form the negative?

( 1 VP +82 5 8< ( 1d<? (g1 32 3 < C* ([ \ . < ) 4 S           I   not 3 )1

                                  7

                        They are sleeping now.
                            JK J k < >I .
     +82 Q   < : < . < ) 4 ( (1 d 9$I not J f " .O            N   .
                              Is-am-are

                              (1 d n _ 2 :

                      They are not sleeping now.

                             JK J k < [ >I.

                 *;                   32 (1l"' i _< Q

             How to form Questions in Present Continous

                J * f " NO     >^ ( . 32 .O     N       V <
5 : "? ( O >^ (1 d ( 8 >^   P * nP >"- ..

                   7

         They are sleeping now.
     n _ 7 o" , - : M< ) 4 (1 / 9$I

         Are they sleeping now?
             ; JK J k < >I NI

				
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