زمن الماضي البسيط

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					                          The Past simple




          What do we mean by The past Simple Tense?

                                 !"# $%               &'           ()" *
                  .   !      +        *           ()" *       .

     *         9 3 456           7 8         2222 ,# - (. / 0 %1           #
         3 :;< ()" *                  = >       7 8        ?* '    !
          (456        E,F        G&       H D         @A B C$ .



                 How to form the Past simple Tense?
                                    IJK L1

                                      .     "8 A M ' :

 ,       S 4     T ?&HU 4  H V%' DR C , > Q 4 P"                  4> K O N
                             (ed)
 W "UN 4S#,- V%' ? ( * X " H 9          + @K                      + 4# ) ( *
( U ' 4 P"             / Y W ) " H 4# .Z [ 4>.                    / Y 1W :
                            Regular Verbs
     ?         ) 4 \ ] M ' ' 4 P" / Y ' ^                         \ "# ]
  /& (. _P" , 8                        $ X *99 _H 4# H!                  ?           H ),
 E P!      4 P" , > / Y 4 \ ] `, a 6 _P" X * `, ....
        .] 0 ' 99       . 4> A / %<b & c ?d H :
               Subject+ V-ed+ Complement
, X    F    + _e   + * Ed N X /& + ) ? 1 B &5 4. Z 4 S _e .

                                             4.0 :

                              It rained yesterday.

                                  3 Y E,-                    S .


  &' 5 5Y           +        * Rain ( *            +        &         f6 F               ?1
             ,     +                     ed                 ( * /&!"          + (*.

                        Naser arrived last night.

                             4               4. . ,A A
      .,A /&A &' 4                             4. . ()" * W]                  '      !     *
       `,          & ed                       + ?* `, ("                  + 4# ) ( *.



                                                       !     " #$ %

                        ed               *     +, &          '()         *.

      -./         " 0 1                       23           45 '() '16 780 7912           $: .

             #$ % ; (*< 0        = > ? /@ 1 #$ 6 ; (*< '5 +             7 +4> 5"

                             &     2     " Irregular Verbs

            7A @35$8 " 0 B '16 &4C D0                  E"BF GF : * 235$ F>"

             . ;"FH C #B C @ 7A @35$8                        ; (*< I=         / 0"
          (M > N      &:    D O@ ;"FK " LJ K GF                "3(

      ;"FK O@          S ;"      * R #$ % ; (*< P9I2 QO@ M >< "

                ,     T         UB          V    * '()

      T     L QF 3     O@"X             V       * 1 '() W)           /*

                      &     2    * 7A / 2         @" , ,   .

                                     F+U:




           When to use The Past Simple?
                           G g" ("

    c ! 7]                                                 , " 4              hN
. 0 7]&              # !U (. / U 4               E .1 G g"           Rc   :

                           Yesterday 3

                    last night 4                 4. .

                       year ago 4 5 %

                last week                       f& 5Y

                    last month                   ,)


                            Examples:

                     It rained yesterday.

                       3 Y E,-                  S .
             Naser arrived last night.

                4        4. . ,A    A

           They came here ayear ago .


    c!      IX 3                    , " 4          F# h e .
           .H ?& F          G&)+ 7]& ?&H# .

                       Examples:

                    He went to town .

                     R . i* ' S.

         X ' 7]& ' c ! 7]          ' j&#N * .

          He spoke to the captin about it.

X _.HU $% 7]&          c ! 7]   j&#NQ 9X     \ S _.1 S )

     c!      IX 3                    , " 4          F# h e
         . .H ?& F    G&)+ 7]& ?&H# .
                  Examples:

                    He went to town .

                     R . i* ' S.

         X ' 7]& ' c ! 7]          ' j&#N * .
         He spoke to the captin about it.

X _.HU $% 7]&           c ! 7]     j&#NQ 9X    \ S _.1 S )



                    The negative

                             +

             4" 0       R Z V%'       ;0

         I walked to school yesterday

            G g"        4 + 4. j ( * ) &!

                did not '6 K"<*

                          Didn’t

                    3       .AY      + WF _e

                    4. Z @ KU *:

          I Didn’t to school yesterday.

   ) 6     . ,\ F W j W             UbU V%' + 4> A .



                 /k JK L1
                How to form Q.?

+ /k       F# G g"        did +       7 0 ? 1 B &5 .Didn’t

                           4.0 :
                  Did you go out last night?
                       4 6 4. 7 ' '

      g"5* * ?* P N & did X"> A         ?&H# 5 5Y       + /& (.
              E      *$ ? c    6K        $ X .AY ..

                     When did Yaser die?

                         ,5 # ( &U ("



            4P ; /    + ?* (   N be       # is-am-are

                                    :

                          was -were

i,< 4P ; / + l; [ (. G g" N ! did W / k                  + 4      B &5
                          .+
                       was -were

				
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