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المضارع التام المستمر

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					            The present perfect continuous tense




                 What do we mean by Present Perfect tense?
                        !"#             $%& ' %( ) *+
(( !         +         8 - 2) 3          !% 4     .       5 6 7 81 .                , /0 -- ,
$%&     )         8;                +    ,     @)        ; - ! =' >!     ?0 1 59 : ;       <
                                             O.K


       AB / 59 : ; C D                  EF        8 40      G          H 'F        0 I!
  (         + $%&          ! +      < 2      JG       H 'F> ,           ) - ! =' >! ?0
            ((EF             8 401 2) 3           .       , !% --G           H 'F> )
                       %         @ ) = $%& 5! *! 59 : ; C D             ..


                                      DKF E6
        How to form The present perfect continuous tense?


             %               < /. L ! M)                        + KF           4
                                      Have
                                         !
                           Has '6 E    =N
                               Been
                       O P Q M&'     < E         =N
                                 Ing



                              +    R   5 > ;

                       Have/has +Been+ V- ing

                                    Been
S T &'         < /     4          +    )       @,+P    )L 8 8! U+ Ing


                            0 : ; V F = 3 O 8:
                 W <        X ( V F L ! Singular



                    %              < +IY) *+ has
    <     ,G   Z 7 8[          @48 ) !        \       = 3 + /4 )    :
                                  \      U+ :
                           She-He-It ] F H4F ,

                     Subject + has+ been + V ing
G       Z 7 8[       @48 ) ! 3       \    %P!    L !        < /    ;
                                 CB

                           He has been working .

     / R X( V F                N Plural%       < +IY) *+ have
    < , G Z 7 8[              @48 ) !        \    = 3 + /4 )        :
                                 \     U+ :
                     I – we – you - they ] F H4F ,
                        Subject + have+ been + V ing
   G     Z 7 8[          @48 ) ! 3      \     %P!    L !                   < /       ;
                                     CB

                         They have been working .



                                                 %(       :


            When to use The present perfect continuous tense?
        .        , !%             - G% 1: ; # 5 %)            P %P     %( 8;
        'B [ %     @ T ^>Y8          _ '6 %(      `+ J .& :;                   8 .

                                'B ! / Examples
                I have been sitting here since seven o’clock.
            > $%& 1 J b C D           b 5 6 Q ! *!J >     +                     a'b! !)

You have been studying for five hours. Why don’t you take a break?
       P       ^ 0 +IY       'X    _ 8 a I G% c %> ? ! .
59 : ; ? D _ 8 a I 40            .     ,? 6- 8 % 1         $%& , .

                       It has been raining all day .
       ) %4 + C ) 5 6 Q ! d P ^ C              $%& , J                 +       ^ > @;
                        )!    >     $%& , C ^@        ,         CD         .

                  @           +     ,_ '   e      %(           ! fPA

                                   Since –for
                                    All morning
                                     g 4F 6
                                      All day
                          6
                    All week
                      48[ 6


    + 2'^ ) 6        G% : ; #> _ '      Q ; ZPL      .


                       T < :

             The Present continuous


         The Present Perfect continuous


    5; T <                59 /3) $%P      $%&

               c % 2 6! ! 59 AB

             I am writing the lesson.

  c % 2 6! 59 !     [ h Q a AX!           $%& , .




  .& :;       8;   .      , /0 $%P      Q , $%& .

                       CB
He has been repairing the car since seven o’clock.
                   >      + G        H'F)
    gAX;         $%&   M48 a        h Q       $%&    ;
      59 : ; C D                + /0 *+ G        .

·     T , *! i     5 )L 5 P[ e       ZPA
       C ,[ e / 5 ) +
                             B
                   ( live-work- teach)
                         m
                     c %)l )k j )
                           CB

              I have lived here since 1985.
                  nopq     +         ! !

           I have been living here since 1985.
                  nopq     +         ! !

				
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