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المضارع البسيط

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					                           Present simple




                What do we mean by ( Present simple)?



                                    ! "     #$ % &#    '( ) *
 +# , +- -! % . /0 12 " /0 34#            ( /+        5 6/7     89        )
                  : ; % 0 % $" <      #     = > /0 3 ?#@ .
                    A3* 80     / Present simple 3 #              / present
                                 continous
                  B = > . + 2 6 C/ 2 % A3D@EF ( / .



                     How to form present simple?

                                    +G H #- 3I     "    I
                                 Present simple


                       /0: Subject + verb (s) +object
     J <3! %              ) * K, )" . (s) % L * K, ) * +- $
L <3! + .           % . + M %N!O % 4 (s) I3> 3 @ + !                 )*
                                    /3 :1
      - L/7 P3Q :+ # 3R       " 1 " +$ S +    )" * 8 T .
                           He , She , It
              )" * )      3R       OU V( 53 @  .
         L <3! W / ' /3      8 T (s) )" *   $ '( ) *
                   L <3! (s) %$T K '/

              +$U 0 .../ Examples: He sings in his room.
                               %# 3G      ? .
                            She eats the apple.
                                +! *# )TE@
                            It snows in Alaska
                               4F 0 X$U@ M . .
L <3! 2 Y/ N! +-          +$U 7 W Y        . (s) Z /       )* 6 $
                         . )" * 80 He , She , it
                  '0 1 " - [* W #@O \3]7 3R          0
   We , they , I , you J <3! + . 8/              TW   ) M @ ^ (s)
2- U P3Q )6 " 3 G '0 2 Y /0 _ ` /0 3T( KF. a$" 2 )" * 8 T . .
          <3! b         +     V(      . L (s)       )* - $
             +$U 0 /Examples Naser sings in his room .
                             %# 3G 3;          ?
                       3T( = > a . 2 KF. 3; .
                           Faten eats the apple.
                                +! *# @ )TE@.
                          _ ` a . 2 KF. @ .
                       The Internet stops suddenly.
                              1ES c 3# d b6 @
                      2 Y /0 )6 " 3 G KF. c 3# d . .
                              ,:
                   Subject + verb +object
        ) * K, )" . 3 G L <3! + . ( s) % L * K,
              # P3Q 3 @       1 " - V( e D a#!/ *
                 / )" * )         + # 3R      3 @+ !
                 I , you , they ,we +$U 0 / Examples
                   They watch the T.V every day.
                            f *$# f MY / Q K


                   We watch the T.V every day.
                        f *$# f MY Q       .


                  You watch the T.V every day.
                        f *$# f MY Q@ c 0.


                    I watch the T.V every day.
                           f *$# f MY >0 0.


             J <3! W / ED] '2 *@       . (s) L - O :
                They watches the T.V every day.
              J W 80 4 / (s) L 8 T They 2 Y/
                         He , She ,it


·1 "     L 0 O, g &#            f : / : Is , am , are
            Is >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>singular
       L g &# @ (is) 123*    3R       /0 = F7 W (She , He , it )
                                  +$U 0:
                            She is a muslim .
                                +$
                                  He is a muslim .
                                      K$     .


                                  It is a nice book.
                                        Y h #T .


                             Huda is a muslim girl.
                                + $ 1# \ .


                   Are>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>plural
"       ) * g &#   Are 3R         W (They ,we , you) 23*        c / W S = F7 /0
                                       +$U 0 :
                                 They are Muslims.
                                        $ K .


                                 We are Muslims
                                      $     .


                                 You are Muslim.
                                    K$ c 0 .


              "     )*       0 Am 3         W     - % &#      I3G   - .


                                      LU :
                            I am from Saudia Arabia.


                            +2       + 3    +4$          0.

    3      W W     80 +!2 * = D]7          /I "        ) * is "     ) * /0 are
"      ) )T 5     &#F. - F c$6 T/ (Helping verb) +             3R           W .




                                     ) * g &# a#
                     When to use the present simple?
    (4 /    F. )T /0 g )T . @/3T 12 "        '(      W % &#           i /0


    .Actions which happen regularly (every day, every week, etc.)
                           +$U 0 /Examples
                     They go to school every day.
                        g )T +F $ 8 ( K .
               @/ M        % $" 2 #        ! +F $ h ( ..
                   She takes ashower every Friday.
                         + Y g )T K # @ .
                F. + M )T @/3T % g - M 2 #      ! ( ..

              47 k+ $     eR -   j )U 3 ?#@     # = >7 i   ,...)
                          +$U 0 /Examples
                    The sun rises from the east.
                       A3Q        [ Q A3Q@
      A3Q      A3Q [ Q 80 % $" < #         3 ?#@ + $" +- -! V( /


                The earth goes round the sun.
       [ Q L ! / @ l 7 80 80 / 3 ?#@ + $" +- -!              0 ( /.


     8 ,. M $" b$#&   +   ; M 0 <3            " # = >7 W g &#       i U ,
              Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
8 ,. % $" b$#& : ; = > ( / 5 *Q#           a 3 5              3        # @.
                       * Do / Does
                  ) * do + # 3R      (]E :
     I , you , they ,we ) * 0 does + # 3R      (]E :
                        He , she ,it
     & + $T b            ! * a#!/ not a . Do / Does

                      Do / Does+ not
                           +$U 0 :
                     I do not like rice.

                       f 7 Z!0       .

                   She does not like rice.
                      f 7 Z @        .

       How to form questions in present simple?


                                L`       mH bT


                          +$U 0 :
                     She is amuslim.
 )" * K, +          ) * W L `F a . V( +$ S L            !
          g M*#Fd + O" W K, +$ S + - ) 4 /
                  + # 1 " - Z ! .:
         V+Subject+the rest of the sentence + ?

                       L ` : H ...
                     Is she amuslim?
L`            %*    n( "      ) * +$ S        O;0 3 #       6/
             W Y /0 23* 8 T . ) * ZF         Z !.
                           LU
    They watch the T.V every day.
            L` :H :


  Do they watch the T.V every day?


* + # 5 $4               W g &#   12 " :
       Always, usually, often .

				
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posted:7/14/2012
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