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الماضي التام

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					                             The Past Perfect



                 What do we mean by the Past Perfect?

                                                      !"     # $%
                                    + )*         ' (&' ..
        ,-               .            /0 1             , /0 2 3 4 $       2
             6               /,                 $%    )5     ' &' .



             9 : ;<=                %      '; > ?1         847 .
          ;<= @ %" ; >               1     %               % ,-       2
                    ; > 1 $% )5 A <                    . .
                     !# B C D 7 "% E 1 F =             G
                                     ;H I ")          ..


                                   JI K1
                     How to form the Past Perfect


? 1     LHM          N= O      ") P 2 !$Q 1" $                R ; 0< % S M
                      Has/have+V-past participle

      T I ;U      ;H I                   ;H M   V$.W F = % S M E G :

                             Had+ V-past participle
                                >     2 had        M:         > ;7 7 ;H I /, .

                     %          >      G had X 7 <2 V                 Y O & R ")Z

                                She-he-it-you-they-we-I
                         LH I $ W ; > & W A     D7      1 EG:

                                      ; B T IW
               I had eaten the apple before I went to school yesterday.


     6                    A<                  .                   ?'        , - V2 % 3 4 $
    ;<=        @ %" $% 6                      $%          7       -     ; >     1 $% D :             -
.                >   )5                       ;H M V$. )5                     - A     !"        -        2
                                                6
                                                O.K

A         D7             = 1; B              , - ; 1 != O                   9         V2 ;[ 4
                 U       6                         ; B \"-W ] S I ^                        .
          ; B V2 /0> ; B D4)                      $0>         O ?'$         I    V 3 4 ? "- 2
               _ X Q V2 ; 7 :       \$` F = 6                          ;H M      4M        %.

                                                a
                          When to use the Past Perfect ?
                          <2 $% (K                  1         7   = b`        > = .        G)
                         + )*        ' (&'                                                      ..
                ,-              .                  /0 1                 ,   /0 2 3 4 $      2
     6                       !" ( )5         - d$R != O                     9 c )5          ' &' )
               ; B D4)           $0>       O     . V         %e.

                                ; 7 /Examples


 My Parents had already eaten by the time I got home.
    D# a 2 L ] O !" ?'$            $W !      1 U

  D :              -     2:                    <2 % 41 ' !           V.


       7           - :6                        <2 % D#       !=$O .

                V             %e 1     , - V %3 4 $ .


    I had finished my work before the captin came.


                              . X B    '        ?0     U.

  D :              -     2:                    <2 %          ?0       .


           7           - :6                    <2 %         . X B .

                V             %e 1     , - V %3 4 $ .

                He had never seen a cigarette before.
                       ' f= B $% % ` / .

 D :           -       2:                  <2 % f= B          %` / L .


   7           - :; B D4)              O        $0> $%      2 =$1"    S.

\ "- 6                           V$. V g >             !"    )5      -     2
          ; B h <               L$ O    0 '    U    ; B                %.

                        He had already heard the story.
                               $ ;IU & < U .

      D :           -     2:                  <2 % ;IU & < L .


      7        - :; B D4)               O      $0> $%         2 =$1"        S.

 \ "- 6                            V$. V g >        !"         )5           -    2
          ; B h <               L$ O    0 '    U    ; B                %.


              He had called the doctor when I got there.
                i %?M           E b a <2 ' V 1 U .

  D :           -        2:                   <2 % E b a            <2 L .


          7     - :6                        <2 % i % / .          D$M .

                V               %e 1    , - V %3 4 $ .


                           ;-      ; 7 : V$.W V a W .

I $ . 6                                B E.              ; b' ! ; 1 d= $
  6                           ' ? ' X Q 1 a 2 ; bU d <                      WV
                                          ; - j"%        2.

				
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