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高职高专版 英 语 English book two Unit 1 The Education I Received Background information Pre-reading activities New Words & Expressions Structure of the passage Grammar Focus Merry learning Background information Today education is regarded as both an individual benefit and a social necessity all over the world. The degree of civilization and the development of economy depends largely on education. Formal education in the U.S. consists of elementary, secondary and higher education. The same as China’s nine-year compulsory education system, elementary and secondary education, which forms public education, is free and compulsory. An outstanding characteristic of American education must be diversity. This can be seen not only in the type, size and control of the institutions, but educational policies and practices. Unlike it is in China, there is not a national system of education in the U.S.. The federal government influences education and contributes financially to its development, but it has no control over educational policy and practice across the state. There is not a single pattern of state administration of public education, but it is common that each state delegates its power to an elected or appointed state board of education, which is responsible for establishing policies and, through a state department of education, delegates authority for the operation of schools to local school districts. While in China, there are regional educational administration, which is responsible for district education. In the U.S., the administration of most colleges and universities is quite separate from that of the schools. Most states have separate university boards for higher education. Except for some colleges sponsored by the Catholic church, which report directly to a church official, all colleges and universities in the U.S., public and private, are governed by a board of trustees composed primarily of layman (in public institutions it is often called board of regents). It choose the president or chancellor, establishes the mission of the institution and policies for administrators and faculty to follow in operating the institution, reviews all major decisions made by the administration, and approves budgets and all purchases and sales of real estate and other major items of property. In a word, although there are some sameness between American and Chinese education, we could obviously see that on the basic of the current education system, we have to learn more from American education system, especially the community college. I believe that the education makes progress, the nation gets strong. Pre-reading question 1. Spot dictation Directions: You will hear a passage. It will be read twice. Listen carefully and supply the missing words. 2. Listen, Look & say Directions: Watch the video and then discuss the topics. New Words & Expressions 1.college n. e.g I went to Sias international college of business and management in 1999. 2. dormitory n. e.g I shared a room with other five boys in the students’ dorm. 3. fair a. e.g Do you think it fair or unfair ? 4. graduate v. e.g I graduated from Zhengzhou University in 2004. 5. math n. e.g Math is one of my favorite courses. 6. method n. e.g Only use this method can you solve the problem. 7. patient a. e.g Nurses are very patient to patients who are ill in hospital. 8. philosophy e.g He gained his Doctor’s Degree of philosophy in the U.S.. 9. private a. e.g This is really a private business that should not be interfered. 10. refuse v. e.g I offered my help to the old lady but she refused it. 11. strike v. e.g The workers had been on a strike for 3 months claiming to raise their salary as well as improve their living conditions. 12. sympathy n. e.g Mother always tells me to show sympathy for those who need help. 13. useless a. e.g It’s useless crying over the split milk. 14. take courses e.g Collages have to take many courses before they graduate from school. 15. enjoy one’s life e.g The old man does not want to care more about this world, and he just wants to enjoy his life in the rest years of his days. 16. graduate from e.g I graduated from Zhengzhou University in 2003. 17. no point in doing sth e.g It’s no point in talking about this. Just do something meaningful. 18. go on strike e.g The workers went on a strike for salary lift. 19. protest against e.g We protest against any words invading our own business. 20. have a chance e.g The spider on the net now had a chance to have a good meal. 21. pass one’s exam e.g He failed to pass his exam in the end. 22. feel sympathy for e.g He always has a gentle heart and feels sympathy for the poor./ Structure of the passage Para 1. Caroline loved math very much. Para 2. Caroline helped some students pass the math exam. Grammar Focus Simple Past Tense 1.基本构成形式 主语 +谓语动词过去式+ 宾语 I Studied Spanish At school. We met Mr. Green in London last week. 注意： 1) 动词的过去式有规则和不规则两种。 2) 规则动词的变化形式应注意词尾变化， 如：helped, studied, stopped 等。 3） 不规则动词的变化形式应经常查对 “不规则动词表”或辞典。 Merry learning 1. A good medicine tastes bitter. 2. All things are difficult before they are easy.
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