ANWR Presentation by yurtgc548


									       Size of ANWR relative to U.S. states:

•ANWR - 19.0 million acres
•ANWR area permanently closed - 17.5 million
•West Virginia - 15.5
•Maryland - 6.6
•New Hampshire - 5.9
•New Jersey - 4.9
•Connecticut - 3.2
•Area proposed for exploration - 1.5 million
    ANWR is America's Best Chance
       for a Major Discovery
• The Coastal Plain of ANWR is America's best
  possibility for the discovery of another "Prudhoe
  Bay-sized" oil and gas field in North America.
• U.S. Department of Interior estimates range from
  5.7 to 16 billion barrels of recoverable oil.
Prudhoe Bay, the center of oil
 activity on the North Slope

Since production began in 1977, Alaskan oil
 has provided 20 to 25 percent of the country’s
 total supply.
 looks like more than 12 billion barrels will be
 recovered before the wells are shut down,
Oil Development on Alaska's Arctic
How Much Oil Is There?
How much oil?
            Imported Oil too Costly
• The U.S. imports over 53% of the nation's needed
• Oil imports cost the U.S. more than $55.1 billion a year, and
  accounts for over 50% of the U.S. trade deficit.
• These figures are
   rising and could
   exceed 65%
   by the year 2005.
US- Not Dependent on Middle East Oil?
            Arctic Technology
• Advanced technology
  has greatly reduced the
  “footprint" of Arctic
  oil development.
• If Prudhoe Bay were
  built today, the
  footprint would be
  64% smaller.
          Arctic Technology
• Directional drilling has a 4-mile reach
• Well pad size
• Winter construction - ice roads
Winter Construction
Oil Development in ANWR:
     Ecological Impacts

 The coastal plain is the biological heart of a
  huge arctic/subarctic ecosystem, harm to
  wildlife there would be expected to
  reverberate throughout the ecosystem.
Oil Development in ANWR:
     Ecological Impacts

 Concentrated in the
  refuge’s most critical
  and sensitive areas
  such as calving
  grounds for the
  Porcupine caribou
  herd and denning
  areas for one of
  America’s two polar
  bear populations.
                 Caribou Herd

 A small group of the
  130,000 Porcupine
  caribou herd moves
  across the tundra in the
  annual spring migration.
  Most cows give birth on
  the coastal plain, where
  food is plentiful and
  predators few.
Caribou Calving Locations (1983 -
           Polar Bears

The 1.5 million-
 acre coastal
 plain, where the
 oil is thought to
 be located, is
 also prime
 habitat for
 Beaufort Sea
 polar bears.
Aren’t they cute?
Inevitability of Oil Spills
              • North Slope industry
                average of 400 spills
                (1995 to 2001)
              • Total of nearly 1.5
                million gallons of
                diesel, crude, and
                hydraulic oil, as well
                as other substances.
              • (Alaska DEC)
Impact of Spills
           Oil and other
            chemical spills
            accumulate in
            areas such as air
            holes used by
            seals and other
            marine mammals
   Oil Development in ANWR:
        Ecological Impacts
Migrating bird species visit
  the refuge in anticipation
  of a short, uninterrupted
  burst of food resources
  to feed themselves and
  develop their young prior
  to migration,
  disturbances of any
  duration could have
  population-wide impacts.
     No Negative Impact on Animals
• Oil development and wildlife are successfully
  coexisting in Alaska's Arctic.
• The Central Arctic Caribou Herd has grown from
  3,000 when development began at Prudhoe Bay to
  as high as 23,400.
      No Negative Impact on Animals
• In 1997, the Central
  Arctic Caribou
  Herd size was
  estimated to be
• The Central Arctic
  Caribou Herd calve
  among the Prudhoe
  Bay facilities.
               Central Arctic Caribou Herd


20000              23400
15000                            19046


5000    6000

        1978       1982         1991         1997
       Other wildlife in the Arctic
• Rock and Willow Ptarmigan, ducks, geese, shore
  birds, jaegers, gulls, terns, and songbirds flourish
  in the Arctic.
• Bears, wolves, muskoxen, and moose coexist
  healthily with development.
       Local Residents - Coastal

 Most residents in the tiny
  Inupiat village of Kaktovik,
  the only community within
  the refuge, support energy
 For the native people of
  Kaktovik, there are scant
  work opportunities. Oil
  exploration would bring
  badly needed income, jobs,
  and social services
Offshore Oil Development

 The Alaska
  Department of
  Natural Resources
  is considering
  allowing offshore
  oil and gas
  adjacent to ANWR.
 The Inupiat people
  from Kaktovik are
  opposed to off-
  shore drilling.
ANWR- American Serengetti
Or frozen wasteland
Or barren swamp
With lots of mosquitoes!

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