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					WHO Global Age-Friendly Cities
          Project


             Dr. Charles PETITOT
               Technical Officer
      Ageing and Life Course Programme

  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Ageing is the success of the 20th
 century and the challenge of
            the 21st




  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
             A growing global city
                   Percent Urban Population in Major World
                                  Regions

             100
              90
              80
              70
   Percent




              60
                                                                                                   2005
              50
              40                                                                                   2030
              30
              20
              10
               0
                            Africa


                                     Asia




                                                                         North America
                    world




                                                                                         Oceania
                                                     Latin America and
                                            Europe



                                                         Caribbean




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
  An ageing world, especially in
      developing countries
Population                         2000   2025   2050
(in billion)
Total                              6.0    7.8    8.9
More
developed countries                1.2    1.2    1.2
Less
developed countries                4.7    6.6    7.8

60+                                0.6    1.2    2.0
More
developed countries                0.2    0.3    0.3
Less
developed countries                0.4    0.9    1.7
 WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
 More older people in cities in the
        developing world
• the number of
  persons aged 60 + in
  developing countries
  will be 9 times
  greater than now

• the share of older
  persons living in
  urban areas will be
  16 times greater


    WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
     “Ageing is a
 development issue.
Healthy older persons
   are a resource
  for their families,
 their communities
 and the economy.”
     WHO Brasilia Declaration on Ageing,
                 July, 1996



    WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Contrasts in urban ageing




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
  Active
 Ageing:

  A Policy
Framework


  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
"Active  ageing is the process of
 optimizing opportunities for health,
 participation and security in order
 to enhance quality of life as people
 age."



  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Active Ageing is a life-long process
  Early Life          Adult Life                  Older Age
  Growth and       Maintaining highest     Maintaining independence
  development       possible level of      and preventing disability
                        function




                   Disability threshold


                                              Rehabilitation and
                                            ensuring the quality of
                                                      life
                          Age
   WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme   Source:Kalache and Kickbusch, 1997
   Influenced by interacting
         Determinants




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
 What is an Age-Friendly City?

• Inclusive and
  accessible urban
  environment that
  promotes active
  ageing




    WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
            No city is perfect

    No city is too far behind




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
                             Age-Friendly Collaborating Cities
                                                                                 EUROPE
                                                                                 Germany, Ruhr
AMERICAS                                                                         Ireland, Dundalk
Argentina, La Plata                                                              Italy, Udine
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro                                                           Russia, Moscow
Canada, Halifax                                                                  Russia, Tuymazy
Canada, Portage La Prairie                                                       Switzerland, Geneva
Canada, Saanich                                                                  Turkey, Istanbul
Canada, Sherbrooke QB                                                            UK, Edinburgh
Costa Rica, San Jose                                                             UK, London
Jamaica, Kingston
Jamaica, Montego Bay
Mexico, Cancun
Mexico, Mexico City
Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Puerto Rico, Ponce
USA, Portland




  AFRICA
  Kenya, Nairobi



                                                                              SOUTH-EAST ASIA
                                                                              India, Delhi
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN                                                         India, Udaipur
Jordan, Amman
Lebanon, Tripoli
Pakistan, Islamabad                                                   WESTERN PACIFIC
                                                                      Australia, Melbourne
                                                                      Australia, Melville
                                                                      China, Shanghai
                                                                      Japan, Himeji
                                              Programme
                   WHO Ageing and Life Course BC Ministry of Health   Japan, Tokyo
    Focus groups with older
     persons to determine
What aspects of the city are "age-friendly"?

What are the barriers and problems?

How can the city become more age-friendly?


• Complemented by focus groups with
  caregivers and service providers

    WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
     An Encompassing and
  Empowering Research Process
• Identification of structural,
  organizational, economic, attitudinal
  barriers

• "Bottom-up" process to develop criteria
  relevant to older persons

• 1500 older persons' voices
   WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Key Findings: Lived Exclusion
       and Inclusion




 WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
"There are few seating areas..
You get tired and you need to
sit down " (Melville, AU)




       WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
"Cross lights are made for Olympic runners"
(Halifax, CA)



   WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
"Much information is available
but finding needed information
is complicated " (Moscow,
Russia)




      "As your faculties begin to fade, this kind of
      thing appears to cause more in terms of
      stress" (Halifax, Canada)
      WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
  "We are not going out in the evenings. I don't
  go anywhere… They might kill you"
  (Tuymazy, Russia)
                                      "The doorman is really
                                        nice, he looks after
                                        4 people in my
                                        building" (Rio de
"I have my retirement                    Janeiro, Brazil)
   salary but how can I
   live with this little              "People would notice if
   money?" (Istanbul,                   you weren't at
  Turkey)                               mass"
                                      (Dundalk, Ireland)

      WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
 Release October 1, 2007




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
 Beyond the Release of the Guide
• Age-friendly planning and action in collaborating
  cities
• Dissemination to other communities
• Validation of the Guide
• Age-friendly rural and remote community Guide
• International age-friendly cities network
   – Age-friendly city best practices inventory
   – Best practice conferences (Essen 2007; Istanbul 2008)
• International age-friendly communities research
   – "Ageing in a foreign land"



     WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
 The growing presence of older
persons in our increasingly urban
     and globalized world…




  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Reminds us of
our common
Humanity.

We must…

  WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
Design for
Diversity




   WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme
   And Promote Solidarity




WHO Ageing and Life Course Programme

				
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