Guiding Principles for Social Workers by vs32eC4


                                                                   School Social Work

                       Guiding Principles for Social Workers

Principles are basic rules or guides to one’s practice behavior.

Principles Focused on the Social Worker as a Professional Person

   1)   The Social Worker Should Practice Social Work
   2)   The Social Worker Should Engage in Conscious Use of Self
   3)   The Social Worker Should Maintain Professional Objectivity
   4)   The Social Worker Should Respect Human Diversity
   5)   The Social Worker Should Seek Personal and Professional Growth

Principles That Guide Practice Activities

   6) The Social Worker Should Do No Harm
   7) The Social Worker Should Engage in Conscious Knowledge
   8) The Social Worker Should Engage in Conscious Value-Guided and Ethical
   9) The Social Worker Should Be Concerned with the Whole Person
   10) The Social Worker Should Treat the Client with Dignity
   11) The Social Worker Should Individualize the Client
   12) The Social Worker Should Lend Vision to the Client
   13) The Social Worker Should Build on Clients Strengths
   14) The Social Worker Should Maximize Client Participation
   15) The Social Worker Should Maximize Client Self- Determination
   16) The Social Worker Should Help the Client Learn Self- Directed Problem-
       Solving Skills
   17) The Social Worker Should Maximize Client Empowerment
   18) The Social Worker Should Protect Client Confidentiality
   19) The Social Worker Should Adhere to the Philosophy of Normalization –
   20) The Social Worker Should Continuously Evaluate the Progress of the
       Change Process
   21) The Social Worker Should Be Accountable to Clients, Agency, Community,
       and the Social Work
                                                                     School Social Work

                                      Code of Ethics

          Safeguards the reputation of a professional by providing explicit criteria
           that can be employed to regulate the behavior of members.
          Furthers competent and reasonable practice by its members.
          Protects the public from exploitation by unscrupulous or incompetent

        Excerpts from Frederick Reamer's Ethical Dilemmas in Social Service

Reamer uses the following "rules" for ethical decision making to establish a way of
sorting through conflicting principles in value dilemmas.

1. Rules against basic harms to the necessary preconditions of action (such as life, health,
food, shelter, mental equilibrium) take precedence over rules against harms such as lying
or revealing confidential information or threats to additive goods such as recreation,
education, and wealth.

2. An individual's right to basic well-being (the necessary preconditions of action) takes
precedence over another individual's right to freedom.

3. An individual's right to freedom takes precedence over his or her own right to basic

4. The obligation to obey laws, rules, and regulations to which one has voluntarily and
freely consented ordinarily overrides one's right to engage voluntarily and freely in a
manner which conflicts with these laws, rules, and regulations.

5. Individuals’ rights to well-being may override laws, rules, regulations, and
arrangements of voluntary associations in cases of conflict.

6. The obligation to prevent basic harms such as starvation and to promote public goods
such as housing, education, and public assistance overrides the right to retain one's

To top