DEPARTMENT OF GIS, REMOTE SENSING AND METEOROLOGY:

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					NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF FOREST RESOURSES AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT

UNDERGRADUATE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE GIS AND REMOTE SENSING (HONOURS)
DEGREE PROGRAMME

    1.0 PREAMBLE

The recent development in the rapid collection of vast amount of both spatial and non- spatial data
coupled with the advances in software, computer hardware processing power and storage capacity
together with the increased automation in extracting information from data have necessitated the
development and application of new procedures and techniques such as Geographic Information
Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) in rational management decision-making processes globally.
In the SADC countries, there is general lack of skilled personnel in GIS and Remote Sensing tools.
These developments have resulted in the need for providing intellectual knowledge and training to
meet the skilled manpower for the application, research and development of these technologies. The
numerous and diverse applications of GIS and Remote Sensing can be in the scientific and land
management aspects. Thus, the National University of Science and Technology (NUST) becomes a
natural host to spear-head the training, research and development to meet the knowledge and technical
skills gap in GIS and Remote Sensing.

The aims of the Bachelor of Science GIS and Remote Sensing (Honours) Degree Programme are as
follows:

    (i)      To produce a broadly based understanding of the fundamental principles, concepts and
             technological developments of GIS and Remote Sensing.

 (ii)         To impart practical skills training in the application of GIS and Remote Sensing
          technologies in the environmental and geo-scientific fields.
 (iii)       To develop an overall awareness of the rapidly changing potential of GIS and Remote
          Sensing in research and land resources monitoring, evaluation and management.

(iv)        To develop links between undergraduate training course in GIS and Remote Sensing,
          existing undergraduate courses and a wealth of research in other university departments and
          other external institutions.

    (v)      To meet the increasing market demand from industry, commerce, environmental and
             resource management and academic institutions, both in developing and developed
             countries for suitably trained graduates with skills in GIS and Remote Sensing.




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1.1 REGULATIONS: DEPARTMENT OF GIS & REMOTE SENSING

1.1.0   INTRODUCTION

        1.1.1 These regulations should be read in conjunction with the General Academic
              Regulations for undergraduate degrees.

        1.1.2 The Bachelor of Science GIS and Remote Sensing (Honours) degree will be awarded
              candidates who successfully complete the programme in accordance with the following
              regulations:-

        1.1.3 ENTRY REQUIREMENTS:-
              1.3.0 Applicants must satisfy the entry requirements prescribed under the general
                    academic regulations of the University for Admission, and the following on
                    faculty requirements:

                 1.1.3.1 Have obtained five “O” level passes including Mathematics, English,
                         Geography, Biology and Physical Science and

                 1.1.3.2 Have a Pass at “A” level in at least two of the following subjects or their
                         recognized equivalent, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Geography,
                         Computer Science, and Physical Science.

2.      GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING

        The following qualifications, or their recognized equivalents, are normally required for entry to
        first year studies in the following department.

              “A” Level Physics and either
              “A” Level Geography, Biology, Mathematics or Chemistry

3.      STRUCTURE OF DEGREE PROGRAMME AND SELCTION OF COURSES

        3.1      Except in cases of special entry when a lesser period may be allowed. The Bachelor of
                 Science of Science Honours Degree Programme in GIS and Remote Sensing requires
                 full time study over a period of four years. Normally a student will be required to
                 completer the programme in not more than five years from the date of first registration
                 for the programme.

        3.2      The Bachelor of GIS and Remote Sensing Honours Degree Programme in the Faculty
                 of Applied Sciences are offered in the following disciplines/departments:
                 GIS and Remote Sensing
                 Environmental Science and Health
                 Forest Resources and Wildlife Management

                 In terms of special Regulations for each of these Departments, there shall be a list of
                 courses available for a programme in that subject. This list shall include all supporting
                 courses for the programme, including those taught by other departments. This list shall

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      contain at least 12 Part I courses: at least 12 Part II courses; a Part III industrial training
      course lasting two semesters and at least 12 Part IV courses.

      At each of the Parts I, II, III (if appropriate) and IV, at least 50% of these courses shall
      be core courses.

3.3   A Bachelor of GIS and Remote Sensing Honours Degree Programme in a particular
      discipline shall consist of an industrial training course of 2 semesters and at least 36
      other courses. The courses are to be chosen from those listed in the Special Regulations
      for that subject, including all core courses listed for that subject.

3.4   Normally, in any year of the programme, a student will study 12 courses at least 4 of
      which are core courses in his or her chosen discipline.

3.5   In the second or subsequent years, a student may study courses whose pre-requisites
      she/he has satisfied, subject to conditions in Section 3.2.

3.6   A student shall pursue an appropriate industrial training course.

3.7   In Part IV of Bachelor of GIS and Remote Sensing Honours Degree Programme, a
      student must take at least one project course examined by a dissertation, the weighting
      of that course being that of at least 2 courses but not more than 6 courses.

3.8   When a student needs no more than 6 courses to complete the degree programme and
      he/she has already completed four years of full time study s/he may study the remaining
      course in further part-time year.

3.9   SELECTION OF COURSES

      3.9.1   A student selection of courses for a degree programme is subject to the approval
              of the Dean of Faculty and Chairman of all relevant departments and to the
              following conditions.
              3.9.1.1 The student may satisfy the entry requirements for the subject from
                      which other courses are taken.

              3.9.1.2 The course combination is feasible in terms of the time table.

              3.9.1.3 The student may not be enrolled for more than 8 courses at any time
                      during a semester.

              3.9.1.4 The chosen courses will enable the student to complete the programme
                      in as close to the minimum period of 4 years as possible.

              3.9.1.5 Each course is taken in the year corresponding to the part to which it is
                      assigned or to a later year.

              3.9.1.6 The total weighting of the project courses in the programme does not
                      exceed six courses.




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4.   ASSESSMENT OF CANDIDATES

     4.1   Formal examinations will take place at the end of each semester.

           4.1.1   The formal examination for a half, full and double-course shall be of 2, 3 and 4
                   – hour duration respectively.

           4.1.2   The overall assessment for a course shall comprise the following components:
                   60% end of semester formal examination; 25% continuous assessment theory
                   and 15% practical. For courses with no practical component, the continuous
                   assessment shall contribute 40% of the overall assessment.

           4.1.3   Pass mark shall be 45%

           4.1.4   A student may, with permission of the Faculty Board, carry forward into
                   subsequent academic year not more than two failed courses, provided the
                   courses are not prerequisites for the subsequent part.

     4.2   Project courses
           The assessment of projects shall be based on dissertation and oral presentation by the
           student. A panel constituted by the Department will carry out the assessment.

     4.3   Industrial Training Course
           The overall assessment of the industrial training course shall comprise 50% continuous
           assessment mark and 50% final report mark.

           The continuous assessment shall be based on an assessment of the student’s
           professional performance by his/her supervisors and the report written by the student at
           the end of the phase of the industrial training course. The final report will normally be
           submitted not later than one month following the completion of the industrial training
           course.

     4.4   SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATION

           If a student is enrolled for 12 or more courses in an academic year and if he/she passes
           6 or more of those courses and has an aggregate of at least 40% for 12 of the courses
           studied, he/she may be granted supplementary examination in up to six courses. If
           he/she is enrolled for less than 12 in an academic year and if he/she passes 50% or more
           of those courses and has an aggregate average of at least 40% for the courses studied
           he/she may be granted a supplementary examination in up to 50% of the courses. No
           supplementary examination will be granted in the industrial training course and
           practical courses.

     4.5   A student who scores less than 35% in the final examination but has an overall mark of
           45% or above should be recommended to supplement.




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     4.6   A student shall not be granted a supplementary examination if he/she obtains less than
           30% in the final examination regardless of his/her achieving a supplementable
           aggregate mark of that course.

     4.7   The supplementary examination for a course, other than an Industrial Training Course,
           a project course or a practical course, shall consist of formal examination of the same
           standard, format and duration as the original formal examination for that course. These
           supplementary examinations shall take place once a year. The supplementary
           examination for a project course shall be the submission of the revised reports or
           dissertations on the first date of the supplementary examinations.

     4.8   A student, who has at least 40% in the overall mark for an Industrial Training Course,
           has at least 45% for the continuous assessment mark for that course but has failed the
           course or has a mark of less than 45% for the final report, may be allowed to present a
           second version of the final report by not later than the end of the tenth week of the first
           semester of the following Academic Year.

     4.9   The mark for the course that has been supplemented shall be the supplementary
           examination mark of 45% whichever is the lesser. Except for an industrial training
           course, continuous assessment marks shall not be included in the calculation of marks
           for examinations.

           In an Industrial Training Course, the original assessment mark shall be combined with
           the mark for the second version of the final report in the normal manner to obtain the
           supplementary examination mark.

5.   PROCEEDING AND DISCONTINUING

     5.1   Each Degree Programme is divided into parts which are essentially years of study. In
           each Part, a student will normally study at least 12 courses, at least 6 in each semester.

     5.2   In order to proceed from Part I to Part II a student must have:

           5.2.1   Passed 10 Part I courses and all practical courses as appropriate, and pass on
                   aggregate, or

           5.2.2   Passed at least 7 Part I courses including at least 4 Part II core courses and all
                   practical courses as appropriate, in his/her chosen subject and satisfied the pre-
                   requisites for at least 6 Part II core courses.

     5.3   A student who, in the first year passes, at least 50% of the courses but is not permitted
           to proceed to Part II may be permitted to repeat Part I. In repeating Part I a student
           may, for each course that he/she failed, either repeat that course or an alternative Part I
           course may study any Part II course whose pre-requisites he/she has satisfied.

     5.4   A student who fails a practical course in his/her chosen subject (if appropriate) will not
           be permitted to proceed to Part II. He /she will be required to repeat any failed
           practical course during the long vacation.

           5.4.1   A student who obtains less than 40% in the overall mark for the repeated
                   practical course will be required to discontinue.

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     5.5    In order to proceed from Part II to Part III a student must have:

            5.5.1   Passed at least 20 courses and all full practical courses in his/her chosen subject
                    if appropriate, and pass on aggregate.

            5.5.2   Passed at least 17 courses including each Part I core course and at least 4 Part II
                    core courses and full practical courses if appropriate, in his/her chosen project
                    subject.

            5.5.3   Satisfied the pre-requisites for at least 4 Part I courses and at least 4 Part II core
                    courses and full practical courses if appropriate, in his/her chosen subject.

     5.6    A student who, having been permitted to proceed to Part II, but not permitted to
            Industrial Attachment (Part III) course at the end of the following year may be
            permitted to repeat Part II.

     5.7    A student who fails any practical course in his/her chosen subject if appropriate in Part
            II will not be permitted to proceed to Part III. He/she may be allowed to repeat the
            failed practical course during the long vacation.

     5.8    In order to proceed from Part III to Part IV a student must have passed the continuous
            assessment component of his/her Industrial training course and obtained an overall
            mark of at least 45% in the Industrial Training Course.

     5.9    A student who obtains less than 40% in the overall mark for an Industrial Training
            Course will be required to discontinue.

     5.10   The required period for the completion of a programme should be 5 years.

     5.11   A student whose progress is delayed by failure in pre-requisite courses may be
            permitted to repeat the pre-requisite courses as a part-time student. If the courses are
            passed at the next sitting the student will be allowed to resume his/her full-time studies
            and the repeat year will not count towards the five years. Otherwise he/she will be
            required to discontinue.

6.          CLASSIFICATION AND AWARD OF A DEGREE

            6.1 To be eligible for the award of a Bachelor of GIS and Remote Sensing Honours
            a student must:-

            6.1.1   Pass all core courses listed for the chosen programme.

            6.1.2   Pass at least 10 part I courses, at least 10 Part II courses, all field courses if
                    appropriate, the Part III industrial training course and at least 10 Part IV courses
                    including the project course.

            6.1.3   For the purpose of degree classification only Parts II, III and IV results will be
                    taken into consideration and weighted as follows:
                    Part II 30%
                    Part III 20%

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                   Part IV 50%

           6.1.4   Results shall be published in accordance with section 16 of the General
                   Regulations.


7.1 COURSE OUTLINE

PART ONE
FIRST SEMESTER
ESH 1101 INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
1101 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE
SMA 1111    MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENCE
EGR 1101    ELEMENTS OF MAP READING AND MAP INTERPRETATION
EGR 1102    INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING
EGR 1103    INTRODUCTION TO GIS

SECOND     SEMESTER
EGR 1204   AIR PHOTO INTERPRETATION AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY
EGR 1205   INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND ANALYSIS
EGR 1206   EARTH OBSERVATION SATELITE SYSTEMS
EGR 1207   CO-ORDINATES SYSTEMS
EGR 1208   METRIC AND GRAPHICS
EGR 1209   SPATIAL CONCEPTS AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS

PART TWO
FIRST SEMESTER

EGR 2101   GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS)
EGR 2102   INTRODUCTION TO MICROWAVE SATELITE SYSTEMS
EGR 2103   REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS IN RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES
EGR 2104   DATABASE CONCEPTS AND DESIGN
EGR 2105   DATA MODELS, STRUCTURES AND DATA ANALYSIS
EGR 2106   DIGITAL TERRAIN MODELLING

SECOND     SEMESTER
EFW 2204   RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
EGR 2207   LAND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
EGR 2208   GIS SOFTWARE PACKAGES
EGR 2209   ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF GIS
EGR 2210   DIGITAL MAPPING PACKAGES
EGR 2211   SENSOR TECHNOLOGY

PART THREE

EGR 3001   INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT




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Core Courses

PART FOUR
FIRST SEMESTER

ESH 4101      ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)
EGR 4101      TOPOGRAPHIC AND BASE MAPPING
EGR 4102      REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT
EGR 4103      DIGITAL DATA HANDLING AND DATA ANALYSIS

SECOND         SEMESTER
EGR 4206       INTEGRATION OF GIS AND REMOTE SENSING
EGR 4209       GIS AND REMOTE SENSING PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
EGR 4210       RESEARCH PROJECT (2)

Optional Courses
FIRST SEMESTER
EGR 4104    SPACECRAFT AND PRINCIPLES OF SPACE INSTRUMENTATION
EGR 4105    IMAGE UNDERSTANDING IN REMOTE SENSING
EFW 4107     WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT
EFW 4109     FOREST MANAGEMENT
SECOND SEMESTER

EFW 4201 FOREST SURVEYING AND REMOTE SENSING
EGR 4207   GIS IN GLOBAL STUDIES AND MAPPING
ESH 4205 ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS (EIS)
EFW 4206 PARKS MANAGEMENT
TCW 3201 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT



7.2 COURSE SYNOPSIS

PART ONE

SBB 1101       ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

SCS 1101      INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE & PROGRAMMING

SMA 1111      MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENCE

EGR: 1101 ELEMENTS OF MAP READING AND MAP INTERPRETATION
 Map definition, Types of maps and Map Scales, Methods of producing Maps- Making maps from
aerial photography and ground measurement. Types of information shown on maps and map
identification. Map scales, Distance measurement and area calculations. Map Detail and their types.
Interpretation of map detail and symbology. Map referencing, and Grid references. Direction and the
Magnetic Compass.

EGR 1102 AERIAL PHOTO INTERPRETATION AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY
      Fundamentals of air photo interpretation, Principles of vertical air photography, Characteristics
      of air photography, Planning of photo survey, flight plan, blanket air photography, Types of

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       films used in air photography, mosaicing air photographs, Scaling of vertical Aerial
       photographs. Interpretation of vertical air photography, Three-dimensional viewing of air
       photography–stereoscopy, extraction of physical data on air photography, Land classification
       on air photography, Vegetation classification on air photography, Planning soil conservation
       logouts on air photos, Selecting dam–sites on air photography, Mapping on vertical air
       photography. Use of Ground Control Points (GCP) in determining the flight height and air base
       of aerial photographs. Digital monoplotting Computer Assisted Photogrammetry, Analytical
       Plotters, Digital photogrammetry, Digital Stereo plotters, Digital orthophotos


EGR: 1103 INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING
      Definitions: Electromagnetic Energy sources and Radiation principles. Energy Interactions in
      the Atmosphere, Atmospheric windows, Electromagnetic Energy interactions with the earth
      surface features. Remotely sensed data acquisition and interpretation, Components of an ideal
      Remote sensing system, Keplers laws and Orbital parameters, Types of Sensors-optical-
      mechanical, TV Systems, CCD arrays

EGR 1104     INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
      Overview and definitions, History concepts, maps and spatial information, Computer Assisted
      Mapping and map analysis, Basic Components of a GIS, Data sources, Data acquisition and
      analysis, Databases, Spatial Databases, Spatial Objects, Relationships among spatial objects,
      topology, GIS Functions, Data input, verification, storage and output.


EGR 1205 INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND ANALYSIS
      Colour and Grey scale images, Preprocessing Techniques, Image Enhancement, Filtering
      techniques, Smoothing, Edge Detection, Supervised Classification, Unsupervised
      classification, Image processing software packages, ERDAS, PCI, IDRISI

EGR 1206        EARTH OBSERVATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS
History of LANDSAT MSS, TM and SPOT satellite systems, Satellite Orbital and Sensor
Characteristics- Orbit, Sensor, Swath width, Temporal, Spectral, Spatial and Radiometric resolutions.
Principal applications of Landsat TM, MSS and SPOT imagery. Advanced Very High Resolution
Radiometer, AVHRR, MOMS and New Space Developments.

EGR 1207      CO-ORDINATES SYSTEMS
Geo-referencing system 2D/3D Co-ordinate Transformations, Projections, Universal Transverse
Mercator (UTM) Gauss Conformal, Spheroids, Clarke 1880, WGS 72, WGS 84.


EGR 1208     METRICS AND GRAPHICS
 Map reproduction, Map types and Topographic Series, Thematic mapping Visual Perception and
Cartographic Communication (legends) Map revision, Use of Colour in cartography, Organization
and Planning map accuracy, Graphics.

EGR 1209 SPATIAL CONCEPTS AND ANALYSIS
Description of geographical problems, Description statistics, sampling, testing hypothesis, Correlation
and regression, neighborhood operations, spatial auto-correlation, Trend surfaces, sampling and spatial
interpolation, Krigging



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PART TWO

EFW 2204 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

EGR 2201       GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS)
Introduction to GPS. Number of satellite constellation, GPS segments-Space segment, Control
segment and User segment. Satellite geometry/shading-Precise Positioning Service and Standard
Positioning Service, GPS Satellite Signals, Sources of GPS Errors-Intentional degradation of satellite
signal-Selective Availability, DGPS techniques. GPS Data- Ephemeris and Almanac parameters,
Position and Time from GPS Differential Carrier GPS (Survey) Navigation and Mapping using GPS

EGR 2102      INTRODUCTION TO MICROWAVE SYSTEMS
      Fundamentals of RADAR system, Doppler principle, (SLAR) Radar Image Device (Basic
      Instrumentation- the Antenna, Transmitter, Receiver) System parameters-wavelength,
      polarization, resolution, Target Parameters-backscatter, Point targets, Synthetic Aperture
      Radar, Radar image distortion, Radar image processing, interpretation and analysis.

EGR 2103        REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS IN RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES
       Principles of Image Interpretation, Visual Analysis, Optical properties of vegetation canopies,
       Vegetation characteristics using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, (NDVI) Tropical Forests,
       Wildlife resources, Agricultural/ rangeland assessments.
EGR 2104 DATABASE CONCEPTS AND DATABASE DESIGN
      Basic concepts, relational Database model, Database Management Systems, Database
      implementation, Database Security and Integrity

EGR 2105      DATA MODELS, DATA STRUCTURES AND DATA ANALYSIS
      Data models, Vector structures, Spaghetti, Topological modeling, Line storage Techniques
      Raster models, Regular and Irregular tessellations, Storage structures, Quad trees, Algorithms,
      Intersection lines, Area of a Polygon, Centroid Location, Polygon Overlay, Area and
      adjacency, Vectorization and Rastarisation, Maintenance and analysis of spatial attribute data,
      Integrated Analysis of spatial and Attribute data, Output formatting, spatial indexing and
      unique identifiers, Error modeling and Data Uncertainty, GIS Database Design.

EGR 2106     DIGITAL TERRAIN MODELLING
      DTM methods, Uses, and Systems, Data sources, Interpretation strategies, Thiessen polygons,
      Delaunay Triangulation, Radial Sweep Method, Grid based interpolation, Triangular Irregular
      Network, DTM contouring, surface visualization, Intensity surfaces and perspective Views,
      DTM packages, Applications of DTMs. Case Studies

EGR 2207      LAND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
      Concept of LIS, Cadastre and Land Registration Parcel based LIS, Benefits of LIS, cost
      estimates, cadastral       surveying, Land demarcation, adjudication, Registration,
      Institutionalization LIS versus GIS. Management Information Systems (MIS)

EGR 2208    GIS SOFTWARE PACKAGES
      Automated Mapping/Facility Management systems, Hierarchical bared systems, Relational
      based systems, Object Oriented systems, Vector and Raster based systems, Integrated GIS
      (IGIS) ARC/INFO, Intergraph MGE, MAP INFO, GRASS, ARCGIS , TnT MIPS, ATLAS,
      Microstation.

EGR 2209      ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF GIS

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       Natural Resource Management, vegetation mapping, monitoring, Biological, Geological,
       mining, Utility Management Information Systems (AM/FM) LIS-AM/FM Data sources,
       Analysis, Routines, Commercial applications, GIS in developing countries and Data
       integration.

EGR 2210 DIGITAL MAPPING PACKAGES
      Digital mapping hardware, Digitizers, GPS, Encoders, Lasertrak, and Fastrak, Scanners vector
      and Raster Plotters, Electrostatic and Thermal Plotters, Inkjet Plotters, Visual Display Units,
      Raster Displays, IBM standards, Digital Mapping Packages, Digital Mapping Applications.
      Thematic Mapping Packages,

EGR 2211 SENSOR TECHNOLOGY: Basic Radiometry and optical radiometry in aerial
photography, Landsat MSS optical/detection system, Airborne and space-borne sensors systems, Real
and Synthetic Aperture – Image Radar.


PART III

EGR 3001       INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT




PART FOUR


ESH 4101      ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)

ESH 4205       ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS (EIS)

EGR 4101 TOPOGRAPHIC AND BASE MAPPING
The characteristics of satellites and their orbits as relevant cartography, the characteristics of sensors
suitable for the production of images for cartographic use, Ground Control points, map projections,
Techniques for mapping, plotting and analytical plotters etc.



EGR 4102 REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT
      Applications of Remote Sensing in the following subject areas; Earth resources, Rural planning
      and development, Urban planning and development, Exploration geology, geophysics and
      planetary studies. Atmosphere: Measurement of cloud cover, height and type. Methods of
      measuring wind speed and direction. Data to aid weather forecasting. Detection and
      measurement of precipitation, fog, cloud liquid water content. Vertical structure radiative
      transfer theory, sounding of temperature and composition.
      Oceans: Measurement of surface temperature. Measurement of surface topography,
      implications for ocean circulation /currents. Methods of measuring wave-heights and
      frequencies. Observation of surface colour, phytoplankton detection.
      Earth Radiation Budget: Components at the surface and outside the atmosphere.
      Derivation of components from satellite measurements


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EGR 4103 DIGITAL DATA HANDLING AND DATA ANALYSIS
      Digital Image Processing Filtering and convolution, Noise removal, Image navigation and
      registration, Correction of distortion, Feature classification, Multi-spectral analysis, Principal
      component transformation, Fourier transforms, Tassled cap transformation, Textual analysis,
      Data handling



EGR 4104 SPACECRAFT AND PRINCIPLES OF SPACE INSTRUMENTATION
      The spacecraft Environment, Spacecraft – Satellite launching, Satellite orbits, and their
      determination, Project Management studies, Space payloads and organization and funding.

EGR 4105 IMAGE UNDERSTANDING IN REMOTE SENSING
      Principles of computer vision, Role of automation in remotely sensed image analysis. Low
      level vision: boundary and area segmentation. Feature detectors and their accuracy.
      Model-based vision. Application areas; Photogrammetry, Cartography, Oil exploration.

EGR 4206 INTEGRATION OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
      Environmental monitoring and prediction studies, Management of natural and technological
      hazards Decision Support systems and multi-criteria analysis, urban and rural Settlements and
      Infrastructure Planning and Development, Forestry, Rangeland and agricultural development
      Systems

EGR 4207 GIS IN GLOBAL STUDIES AND MAPPING
     CORINE, GRID, IGBP, EOS DIS, LACIE Experiment World digital Database for
     Environmental Science – (WDDES), Global environmental monitoring program. (GEMS),
     Global Resource Information Database, Ocean Data System, Pilot Land Data System (PLDS)
     NASA

EGR 4208 GIS/REMOTE SENSING PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
Project Planning and appraisal, Data sources and Digital Standards, Developing GIS/RS Project, User
needs/problem Identification and analysis, Feasibility Studies, Software /Hardware selection based on
Cost/Benefit analysis, GIS/RS management and sustainability issues

EGR 4209     RESEARCH PROJECT (2)


 8.1 SUGGESTED PLACES FOR INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT:

                   FORESTRY COMMISSION (RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION)


                  ENVIRONMENT AND REMOTE SENSING INSTITUTE (SIRDIC)

                  DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS

                  MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WORKS AND NATIONAL
                  HOUSING/RURAL DISTRICT COUNCILS

                  MINISTRY OF LANDS (LAND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS)

                  DEPARTMENT OF SURVEYOR GENERAL (DSG)

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DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

 PRIVATE COMPANIES IMPLEMENTING GIS/REMOTE SENSING

PARASTATALS APPLYING LIS/GIS TOOLS SUCH AS PARKS AND WILDLIFE
MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

MUNICIPALITIES IMPLEMENTING GIS TOOLS

 NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS SAFIRE, WWF, CAMPFIRE
ICRISAT

PRIVATE COMPANIES

RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS Eg ICRAF,   ICRISAT

METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS




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