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					   An Introduction to
       Assistive
     Technologies
Software, Hardware and Low Technology


            Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
             JISC RSC for London
                               Software
                                £105
                           www.dyslexic.com
Clicker
Summary      This switch accessible writing support tool provides on-screen
             word banks with integrated speech, within an easy-to-use talking
             word processor. It would generally be suited to students with
             severe learning difficulties.
Disability   Clicker may be useful for students with severe learning
Rationale    difficulties and those who can only reliably make simple
             movements.
Example      Paul has a learning disability and a physical disability that
Uses         restricts his movement. He accesses a computer through the use
             of a switch. He uses Clicker as his word processor for completing
             his coursework.




                         Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                          JISC RSC for London
                             Software
                                £59
                         www.liberator.co.uk
Liberator Copperhead
Summary      The liberator copperhead software is a static augmentative
             communication system, which includes inbuilt text-to-speech.
             Users can use it to build sentences from a range of over 900
             words and phrases, each supported by visual representations
             or symbols.
Disability   The liberator software is used for those who need a symbol
Rationale    based communication system. The full version or other
             software such as 'The Grid' maybe required for students with
             more comprehensive communication needs.
Example      Gillian has severe learning difficulty and communication
Uses         problems. She is unable to recognise words and uses liberator
             Copperhead as a basic augmentative communication device to
             help her communicate with her teacher and peers.


                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                               Software
                               £376
                          www.dyslexic.com
Read and Write GOLD
Summary      TextHelp Read and Write software provides a suite of useful
             study support tools including: intelligent spell checking, text-to-
             speech, word prediction and OCR.
Disability   TextHelp read and write maybe useful as a study support tool
Rationale    for those with specific learning difficulties (such as dyslexia) as
             it provides the highest quality spoken output of text.
Example      Sue has dyslexia; she has difficulty reading and has an auditory
Uses         learning style. She uses the TextHelp software to scan in her
             textbook notes and have them read back with text-to-speech.
             She also uses the study support tools to help her produces
             essays.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                               Software
                                 £34
                           www.dyslexic.com
ReadAble
Summary      ReadAble changes all Windows colours including the Window
             background colour, default text colour, the menu background
             and text colour and the toolbars.
Disability   ReadAble may be of use to most people, as it allow the user to
Rationale    customise more options than available directly through
             Windows. It is of particular use for those with visual difficulties
             such as for students with visual problems associated with
             some specific learning difficulties and those with visual
             impairments.
Example      James is visually impaired and finds it useful to customise the
Uses         Windows interface. He finds that ReadAble can change more
             options that he could through the Window Accessibility options.
             He particularly finds the ability to modify tool / screen tips
             useful.

                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Software
                             £50
                www.adventures-in-e-learning.com
Vox Proxy
Summary      Vox Proxy is a software add-in for MS PowerPoint that provides
             animated characters that can be used to provide multimedia
             narration and allows teachers to produce highly interactive
             learning material.
Disability   The Vox Proxy software would be useful for a variety of student.
Rationale    The multimedia facilities it offers provides the user with multi-
             modal learning and could be used to support a range of
             learning styles.
Example      Alistair has a problem with concentration due to a specific
Uses         learning difficulty. He finds the multimedia stimulating and finds
             that presentations that use Vox Proxy help him stay focused on
             the learning material.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                               Software
                                £18
                          www.dyslexic.com
Wordbar
Summary      Wordbar is a writing tool that sits alongside your word
             processor, giving you almost instant access to words and
             phrases. It consists of a grid of cells, each of which holds a
             word or phrase which can be sent to the word processor by
             clicking on it. It would be generally suited to students in FE.
Disability   Wordbar maybe of use to students in further education with
Rationale    mobility or manual dexterity problems.
Example      Sophie has a learning difficulty and is studying art at college.
Uses         She has problems writing as she has a limited internal
             vocabulary and find that using Wordbar she is able to write
             more effectively as it helps her find the words and phrases she
             is wanting to express.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                               Hardware
                                £328
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
AlphaSmart Dana
Summary      The Dana is a full sized keyboard with a large screen which
             offers an alternative to a laptop. It comes with the full word
             processing and spreadsheet package designed to integrate
             with MS Office, and also with the standard Palm applications,
             including calendar, address book, to-do list and calculator.
Disability   The Dana maybe of use to most students as it can be used
Rationale    effectively as a portable note taker, but would be particularly
             useful for those with specific learning difficulties. PDA functions
             supports those with memory or organisational difficulties,.
Example      Ian has a very mild visual impairment due to shortsightness and
Uses         he wears reading glasses. He also has Dysgraphia and his
             writing speed is slow. He uses the Dana as a portable note
             taker during lectures, and the built in PDA functions to keep
             himself organised.

                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £116
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Big Keys Plus Qwerty LX
Summary      The Big Keys keyboard provides a highly visible oversized
             keyboard. Its has a simplified set of keys that are much larger
             and are more widely spaced than the standard keyboard.
Disability   The Big keys keyboard maybe of use to those with a visual
Rationale    impairment and to those who need a reduced number of
             characters to avoid confusion.
Example      Peter is visually impaired and is studying genetics at university.
Uses         He is not a touch typist and find that he needs to keep looking
             at the keyboard to type. Normal keyboard has small lettering,
             which he finds hard to read. He uses the Big Key keyboard as it
             is very easy for him to read from an upright position as he does
             not have to lean down to read the odd key.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £100
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Digital Movie Creator (Intel Video)
Summary      The portable digital movie creator can be used to record audio
             and video whilst out in the field that can be using in multimedia
             learning materials.
Disability   The portable digital movie creator might be useful for most
Rationale    student who would benefit from engaging multimedia content.
Example      Alistair has a problem with concentration due to a specific
Uses         learning difficulty. On a field trip he uses the movie creator to
             make a video diary for his geography course work rather using
             a written log book. He finds the multimedia stimulating and can
             use his kinaesthetic learning style to the best advantages.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £40
                          www.dyslexic.com
Franklin DMQ 450
Summary      The DMQ 450N is a portable dictionary and thesaurus
             containing complete definitions for over 200,000 words, phrases
             & definitions along with 800,000 synonyms and a phonetic spell
             checker.
Disability   The portable dictionary and thesaurus might be useful to most
Rationale    students. However it would be of particular use for those with
             ESOL (English as a Second Language) and those with specific
             learning difficulties.
Example      Marc has specific learning difficulty and has problems with
Uses         English phonetics as he is French. English is his second
             language. He is a foreign exchange student at university in
             England. He uses the portable Franklin to help him look up
             definition of works and correct spelling mistakes.


                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £38
                           www.dabs.co.uk
Graphics Pad and Stylus
Summary      It is also useful for design software such as CAD or Photoshop.
Disability   The graphic pad and stylus is useful for those who have a very
Rationale    limited range of movement in their hands, it enables them to
             select a full range of characters from an onscreen keyboard.
Example      Paul has a degenerative condition that means he uses an
Uses         electric wheelchair with a tray on which he rests his arms. He
             has very restricted movement in his hands and he uses the
             stylus to move the on screen cursor to select letters from an on
             screen keyboard.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                               £135
                        www.purple-cat.co.uk
GyroMouse Ultra Keyboard Suite
Summary      The wireless gyro mouse and keyboard set provide a useful
             way to control a computer at a distance (e.g. while presenting)
Disability   The gyro keyboard and mouse set maybe of use to most
Rationale    student who need to make presentations. It is of particular use
             to those who need to be at a distance from the main body of a
             computer (e.g. students who use a wheelchair or restrictive
             ergonomic office chair).
Example      Clare has a mobility difficulty and uses a wheelchair. She find
Uses         that using a wireless keyboard gives her the freedom to move
             about and work from any angle. She can also use the keyboard
             on her lap rather than trying to using a table at an
             uncomfortable height.



                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £304
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Intellikeys USB
Summary      The Intellikeys is both an access device and an alternative
             keyboard. It provides a highly adaptable interface that can be
             useful to users with a wide range of disabilities.
Disability   The Intellikeys adaptable keyboard maybe of use to a wide
Rationale    range of students including those with mobility difficulties,
             manual dexterity problems and those with visual or cognitive
             impairments.
Example
             Louise has multiple disabilities; she has mobility and
Uses
             communication difficulties. She uses the Intellikeys keyboard
             with qwerty overlay and keyguard to help her type up
             coursework. She also uses the Intellikeys with a special overlay
             with commands for accessing the internet since she
             communicates regularly with her tutors via email.


                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                               £53
                       www.ergonomics.co.uk
Key Kit (Mini USB Keyboard and Number Pad)
Summary      A USB keyboard and Number pad might be useful for those
             who do not wish use a full size keyboard or for those who wish
             to carry round a customised keyboard (e.g. with high contrast
             stickers or tactile dots).
Disability   The key kit maybe of use to those with mobility or manual
Rationale    dexterity problems. The USB number pad is useful for users
             who use MouseKeys and need to carefully position the pad.
Example      John has RSI and uses the mini USB keyboard with his desktop
Uses         computer. He finds that he prefers slightly smaller
             keyboard.(common to laptops) as the key are just slightly closer
             together and smaller. He also finds that keyboard has lighter
             key travel.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £59
                        www.inclusive.co.uk
PC keyboard and guard
Summary      The Keyboard and keyguard combination is provided to show
             how a keyguard can improve the accuracy of keystrokes and
             avoid accidental presses for those with manual dexterity
             problems. Using a keyguard also gives the user increased
             confidence since it reduces errors that are hard to erase.
Disability   The keyguard would be particularly useful for those with a
Rationale    mobility of manual dexterity problem.
Example      Charlie has Dyspraxia and finds using a keyboard difficult. He
Uses         uses a keyguard to help him make is typing more accurate by
             avoiding accidental key stokes.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                 £45
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Perspex UK keyguard (for use with Intellikeys)
Summary      The Intellikeys keyguard is provided to add the features that
             keyguard provides to the Intellikeys interface. It helps users
             avoid accidental presses and provides clear tactile feature for
             the controls.
Disability   The keyguard would be particularly useful for those with a
Rationale    mobility of manual dexterity problem.
Example      Louise has multiple disabilities; she has mobility and
Uses         communication difficulties. She uses the Intellikeys keyboard
             with qwerty overlay and keyguard to help her type up
             coursework. She also uses the Intellikeys with a special overlay
             with commands for accessing the internet since she
             communicates regularly with her tutors via email.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £199
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Reading Pen Oxford Edition
Summary      The reading pen provides a portable OCR system allowing
             users to recognise and record text. It also provides British
             definitions, pronunciations and spellings.
Disability   It provides a portable dictionary and thesaurus. It would be of
Rationale    particular use for those with ESOL and those with specific
             learning difficulties. Students with manual dexterity problems
             will have difficulty using the device.
Example      Sophie has a learning difficulty and is studying art at college.
Uses         She has a limited reading vocabulary and finds that she needs
             to look up words when researching for her art history
             coursework. She uses the reading pen in the library to scan in
             unfamiliar words and look up definitions. She also uses the
             reading pen to memorise quotes for her essays.



                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                               Hardware
                                 £20
                           www.argos.co.uk
Sharp Organiser
Summary      The sharp organiser can be used store notes, diary entry and
             contacts.
Disability   The sharp organiser may be of use to most students, but
Rationale    particularly those with organisational difficulties such as those
             associated with specific learning difficulties.
Example      Simon has a short term memory difficulty and finds that he can
Uses         never remember contact details or when his assignments are
             due. He uses a portable organiser as an organisational tool
             and memory aid.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                               Hardware
                                £50
                          www.dyslexic.com
Sony TCM450DV Cassette Recorder
Summary      This is a basic cassette recorder that can be used to record
             personal memos / notes and to record lectures or seminars.
Disability   The portable cassette recorder maybe of use to students who
Rationale    have difficulties making their own study notes such as those
             with visual / hearing impairment or manual dexterity problems.
             Also those with specific learning difficulties or auditory learning
             styles may benefit.
Example      Peter is visually impaired and is studying genetics at university.
Uses         He finds it difficult to make notes during lectures as he has
             difficulty seeing the board and he writes slowly. He uses a tape
             record to record his lectures so that he can make more detailed
             notes at a later date or go back to the tapes for clarification.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                £65
                          www.dyslexic.com
Sony ECM-Z60 Zoom Microphone
Summary      The zoom microphone is used in conjunction with the cassette
             recorder to provide a better quality of sound recording and help
             reduce noise by focusing on the intended sound source.
Disability   The zoom microphone helps improve the quality of all audio
Rationale    records. This will especially help those with hearing impairment
             who need to reduce the noise level.
Example      Peter is visually impaired and is studying genetics at university.
Uses         He finds it difficult to make notes during lectures as he has
             difficulty seeing the board and he writes slowly. He uses a tape
             record to record his lectures so that he can make more detailed
             notes at a later date or go back to the tapes for clarification.
             Using the zoom microphone means that the mechanical sounds
             of the cassette recorder are not recorded and there is an overall
             better quality of recording.

                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                              Hardware
                                 £34
                         www.inclusive.co.uk
Specs Switch (small)
Summary      The small switch is provided to demonstrate the most simple
             form of a switch and to enable users to try out the switch
             accessible software from a switch access perspective. The
             switch plugs into the Joy Cable and can be used with Clicker
             and Wordbar.
Disability   The switch maybe of use to those with a mobility of manual
Rationale    dexterity problem.
Example      Chris has a severe mobility problem and finds that he tires
Uses         easily. He uses the joy cable in conjunction with a set of
             switches as it provides him with the benefits of plug-and-play
             functionality that he needs when adapting his choice of
             switches as his condition changes throughout the day.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                             Hardware
                              £61
                    www.sensorysoftware.com
Cable Adaptor for Switch (Joy Cable)
Summary      The Joy Cable provides an easy to use USB interface so that
             switches can be connected to computer.
Disability   The joy cable material may be of use to those with mobility or
Rationale    manual dexterity problems.
Example      Chris has a severe mobility problem and finds that he tires
Uses         easily. He uses the joy cable in conjunction with a set of
             switches as it provides him with the benefits of plug-and-play
             functionality that he needs when adapting his choice of
             switches as his condition changes throughout the day.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                               Hardware
                                £100
                          www.micromark.net
Trackerball
Summary       A Trackerball is a pointing device that is controlled by the
              movement of a large central ball. The Trackerball also has three
              brightly coloured buttons with an inbuilt keyguard to avoid
              accidental presses.
Disability    The Trackerball maybe of use to those with a mobility problem
Rationale     or manual dexterity such as RSI. The use of a trackball may
              help reduce strain on the hands, arms or shoulders. It is
              especially useful for students have uncontrolled movements,
              they can anchor their hands onto the body of the trackball and
              manipulate the ball with their fingers.
Example       Emma has some manual dexterity difficulties and finds it nearly
Uses          impossible to use a standard mouse. She uses a track ball so
              that she can control the movement of the ball with the palm of
              her hand rather than with her fingers.

                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                             Hardware
                                £35
                          www.ebuyer.co.uk
USB / MP3 Memory Stick
Summary      The USB memory stick can be used as a portable disk drive
             and could be used to carry round software profiles, academic
             notes or audio memos using the inbuilt MP3 recorder.
Disability   The USB memory stick might be of use to most students.
Rationale    However the audio recording functionality may help those with
             memory problems, writing difficulties or visual impairments.
Example      Lucy has organisational problems and finds that she often gets
Uses         into a muddle when having to prioritise tasks. She uses the
             mp3 recorder to make reminder notes for herself when at
             college. She also carries round copies of her notes on the
             memory stick.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                               Hardware
                                 £13
                           www.ebuyer.co.uk
Web Cam
Summary      The web cam can be used to communicate over the internet
             using audio and video, they can also be used to record short
             low quality video or audio clips for use in learning materials. It
             can be used with 'Visual Mouse' software to make a virtual
             head pointer.
Disability   The web cam could be used by most students to engage in
Rationale    multimedia collaborative learning. It is used as part of a Visual
             mouse head pointing setup.
Example      Adrian has no use of his arms and uses 'visual Mouse' in
Uses         conjunction with the web cam to select letters from an onscreen
             keyboard and to move the screen cursor.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Post-IT Notes

Summary      Post-IT notes can be used for to create simple reminders. They
             can be placed on fridge, in textbooks or the wall. They can be
             used as an physical organisational tool.
Disability   Post-IT notes might be useful to most people. Students with
Rationale    learning difficulties, memory problems or organisational
             difficulties would find them particularly useful.
Example      Ian has a problem in writing due to a specific learning difficulty.
Uses         He finds it really hard to plan out an essay and get started. He
             uses post-it notes to record key ideas or words that he wants
             to include. Then he spreads them all out on a wall and
             physically arranges them into sections to help him plan out the
             structure of the essay.



                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                       Low Technology


Dycem Sheets
Summary      Non-slip matting such as the Dycem sheets provides a safe
             surface on which to place objects that might otherwise be easy
             knock or displaced. (e.g. keyboard, laboratory equipment etc)
Disability   The non-slip material maybe of use to those with mobility or
Rationale    manual dexterity problems.
Example      Sarah has difficulties controlling the movement of her arms and
Uses         hands, she finds that she may often accidentally knock items
             over. She uses a non-slip mat on her work surface so that her
             computer equipment or study materials don't slide around.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Mixed Shape Bump-Ons
Summary      Bump-ons can be used to provide tactile markers (e.g. for
             equipment controls, keyboard home keys etc.)
Disability   The bump-ons may be of use to those with a visual
Rationale    impairment.
Example      Dave has a severe visual impairment and finds that he has
Uses         difficulty seeing and feeling the controls on his minidisk player.
             He uses the stick on tactile markers to give him a better
             indication where the audio control are located.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Sheet Magnifier
Summary      Sheet magnifiers provide a simple light portable optical
             magnifier that can be used for magnifying large areas of a
             document.
Disability   Sheet magnifiers provide easy portable access to text and
Rationale    diagrams for those needing magnification
Example      Ian has a very mild visual impairment due to myopia
Uses         (shortsightness) and he wears reading glasses. When doing
             research in the library for his English literature course he is
             confronted with the need to read old fashion italic texts. He
             finds that using the highly portable sheet magnifier useful when
             reading these materials.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Coloured Overlays
Summary      Coloured overlays are used with printed material to aid reading
             by reducing the glare of white paper and increasing the visual
             comfort for the reader.
Disability   The coloured overlays may be of use to those with a visual
Rationale    perceptual difficulty or impairment.
Example      Helen has dyslexia and suffers from visual disturbances while
Uses         reading. She usually uses coloured paper as bright white paper
             seems to cause her the most difficulties. When researching in
             the library she finds the coloured overlays are useful in making
             the standard black on white text accessible.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Colour Ballpen
Summary      Multicolour pens are useful when producing creative colourful
             notes such as for use when mind mapping or for highlighting
             keywords or phrases in text.
Disability   The multicolour pen maybe of use to most students, but
Rationale    particularly by those with particular study strategies such as
             students with specific learning difficulties or visual impairments.
Example      Karen has dyscalculia and has problems in simplifying
Uses         equations. She uses a study strategy technique that uses a
             visual learning style. When making notes or solving an
             equation each power of coefficient has a different colour. She
             finds the pen saves her carrying around a set of pens.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Copyholder
Summary      Copyholders hold documents in an upright position and help the
             user to copy type and avoid excessive movement of the head
             and neck.
Disability   The copyholder may be of use to those with a physical
Rationale    impairment or manual dexterity problems. It is of particular use
             for those who need to avoid excessive head or neck
             movements.
Example      Catherine has back problems and finds that she has to be
Uses         careful about using a computer ergonomically and remembering
             to take regular breaks. She finds that when typing up her
             seminar notes that a copyholder mounted on her monitor eases
             the strain on her neck.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Mouse Rest Pillow
Summary      Mouse rests provide a useful place to rest the wrist when
             pausing from mouse use.
Disability   The mouse rest maybe of use to most typist but might be of
Rationale    particular use to those with a manual dexterity problem such as
             RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury).
Example      Mark has slight arthritis in the arms and hands he finds it
Uses         important to take regular break when operating a computer.
             Wrist rests provide a comfortable place on which to pause when
             typing / mousing becomes uncomfortable.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Keyboard Wrist Pillow
Summary      Keyboard rests provide a useful place to rest the wrist when
             pausing from keyboard use.
Disability   The keyboard wrist rest maybe of use to most typist but might
Rationale    be of particular use to those with a manual dexterity problem
             such as RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury).
Example      Mark has slight arthritis in the arms and hands he finds it
Uses         important to take regular break when operating a computer.
             Wrist rests provide a comfortable place on which to pause when
             typing / mousing becomes uncomfortable.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Record Cards
Summary      Record or Index cards can be used for producing flash cards
             for revision and for creating short highly personalised learning
             material that can be organised using a personal knowledge
             management system.
Disability   The record cards maybe of use to most students, but
Rationale    particularly by those with particular study strategies such as
             students with specific learning difficulties.
Example      Laura has a specific learning difficulty and is studying for her
Uses         end of year biology exams. She uses record cards to produce
             notes for each main topic that she needs to revise. She uses
             colour coding and symbols to help her identify facts, quotes
             and important phrases to learn. Near her exam she uses the
             cards as flash cards for last minute revision.



                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


White Boards
Summary      White Boards can provide a student with a free form space on
             which to jot down thoughts or ideas, draw mind maps or write
             task lists.
Disability   The whiteboards maybe of use to most students, but
Rationale    particularly by those with particular study strategies such as
             students with specific learning difficulties or visual impairments.
Example      Lucy has organisational problems and find that she often gets
Uses         into a muddle when having to prioritise tasks. She uses a
             whiteboard to keep track of all her outstanding tasks and lists
             them in priority order with completion dates. She also uses the
             white board to sketch out ideas for an essay using keywords
             and mind mapping.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London
                       Low Technology


Task Lamp
Summary      Task lamps provide the user with an additional light source that
             can be focused on the immediate work area for reading or
             working with equipment.
Disability   The task lamp maybe of use to most students whose working
Rationale    environment is poor lit. Though students with visual impairment
             may particularly benefit for their use for reading and typing.
Example      Phil has a severe visual impairment. He finds that the correct
Uses         use of lighting is important. He uses a task lamp while reading
             to shine intensive light onto the text. As Phil has a short focal
             reading distance he find that he has to get very close to the text
             and the lamp. Using a fluorescent lamp helps him as it does not
             overheat and provides a whiter light.




                       Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                        JISC RSC for London
                         Low Technology


Drywipe Markers
Summary      Dry wipe markers can be used with the whiteboard and can also
             be use on laminated cards.
Disability   The drywipe pens maybe of use to most students, but
Rationale    particularly by those with particular study strategies such as
             students with specific learning difficulties or visual impairments.
Example      Marcus studies chemistry and find that he often needs to repeat
Uses         experiments time after time. As Marcus has a memory problem
             he finds it useful to laminate the experimental procedures and
             check them off one by one.




                         Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                          JISC RSC for London
                        Low Technology


Post-IT Notes
Summary      Post-IT notes can be used for to create simple reminders. They
             can be placed on fridge, in textbooks or the wall. They can be
             used as an physical organisational tool.
Disability   Post-IT notes might be useful to most people. Students with
Rationale    learning difficulties, memory problems or organisational
             difficulties would find them particularly useful.
Example      Ian has a problem in writing due to a specific learning difficulty.
Uses         He finds it really hard to plan out an essay and get started. He
             uses post-it notes to record key ideas or words that he wants to
             include. Then he spreads them all out on a wall and physically
             arranges them into sections to help him plan out the structure of
             the essay.




                        Matt Legg – ACL Adviser
                         JISC RSC for London

				
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