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Wyoming SPF SIG Community Needs Assessment

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 17

									WYOMING’S SPF SIG
COMMUNITY NEEDS
ASSESSMENT
Rodney A. Wambeam, Ph.D.
Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center
FINDINGS FROM THE STATE LEVEL NEEDS
ASSESSMENT


“The State of Wyoming should target its Strategic
  Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant
         efforts on the Misuse of Alcohol.

                            This means that:

 1. The primary target for prevention efforts should be underage drinking and
  adult binge drinking. Underage drinking refers to any use of alcohol by anyone
    under the age of 21, while adult binge drinking refers to those 18 years and
             older who have five or more drinks on any one occasion.
 2. The secondary target for prevention efforts should be the most significant
    consequences of the misuse of alcohol in Wyoming: alcohol dependence and
     abuse, alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes, and alcohol-related crime.”
      Wyoming’s
      Prevention
Framework to Reduce the
   Misuse of Alcohol
              Community Needs
             Assessment Workbook
                    2007


                        Needs
                      Assessment
Evaluation                                                Mobilize &
                                                         Build Capacity
                           Cultural Competence &
                                Sustainability


              Policies,                      Strategic
              Practices,                       Plan
             & Programs
COMMUNITY NEEDS ASSESSMENT LOGIC
MODEL (PAGE 7)
  Consequences    Consumption     Causes        Strategies

                                   Retail
                                 Availability


                                  Criminal
                                   Justice
     Alcohol-                                    Evidence
     Related                                       Based
      Crime                        Social         Policies,
                                 Availability   Practices, &
                    Underage                     Programs
                   Drinking &                   Addressing
     Alcohol-
                   Adult Binge   Promotion      Each Causal
    Related Car
                    Drinking                       Area
     Crashes

                                 Community
     Alcohol                       Norms
   Dependence
    and Abuse
                                 Individual
                                  Factors
BASIC PROCESS: GATHER DATA & ANSWER
QUESTIONS (PAGE 26)
 Table 29. Percentage of Adults (18 Years and Older) Who Report Binge Drinking, Defined as
 Having Five or More Drinks in a Row in the past 30 Days (2001-2005 BRFSS)

                              County              Percentage
                     Albany                         23.0%
                     Sublette                       21.9%
                     Teton                          21.8%
                     Campbell                       19.9%
                     Sweetwater                     19.2%
                     Niobrara                       16.9%
                     Laramie                        16.8%
                     Wyoming                        16.5%
                     Johnson                        16.4%
                     Crook                          16.3%
                     Big Horn                       15.8%
                     Natrona                        15.8%
                     Converse                       15.4%
                     Carbon                         15.3%
                     Fremont                        14.7%
                     Hot Springs                    14.4%
                     Park                           14.4%
                     Goshen                         13.9%
                     Washakie                       13.1%
                     Platte                         12.9%
                     Weston                         12.9%
                     Sheridan                       12.8%
                     Lincoln                        12.6%
                     Uinta                          12.4%
BASIC PROCESS: GATHER DATA & ANSWER
QUESTIONS (PAGE 28)
Question 8. Based on Tables 29 and 30, along with your community’s other local data, how
does adult binge drinking, and adult heavy drinking in your community compare to adult
binge drinking, and adult heavy drinking across the state? Is your problem bigger, smaller,
or about the same? Discuss the differences.




Albany County                                   Uinta County

                                                    “Our adult binge drinking and
  “Adult binge drinking in                          adult heavy drinking in Uinta
  Albany County ranks the                           County is one of the lowest in
  highest in the state at 23.0%.                    the state. Uinta County ranks
  This compares to 16.5% across                     last on Table 29, and second to
  the state. This statistic speaks                  last on Table 30. Again, this
  volumes about the population                      may have to do with the
                                                    religious influences and the
  of Albany County and the
                                                    public perception of alcohol in
  issues surrounding adult                          the community.”
  alcohol use.”
CAUSAL AREAS

            Contributing
              Factor
                                        Contributing
                                          Factor


                       Causal
                        Area
    Contributing
      Factor
                                Contributing
                                  Factor
RETAIL AVAILABILITY (PAGE 30)
 Table 31. Liquor Licenses per 100,000 Population over 14 Years Old (2005 Department of Revenue
 and US Census Bureau)
                County             Liquor Licenses    Population         Rate per 100,000
                                                                         Population
                Teton                       102               16396              622.10
                Niobrara                     11                1991              552.49
                Sublette                     32                5851              546.92
                Crook                        28                5268              531.51
                Carbon                       61               13006              469.01
                Hot Springs                  18                3987              451.47
                Johnson                      27                6644              406.38
                Platte                       29                7352              394.45
                Weston                       22                5771              381.22
                Big Horn                     33                9339              353.36
                Lincoln                      46               13113              350.80
                Park                         79               22887              345.17
                Washakie                     23                6700              343.28
                Fremont                      96               30015              319.84
                Converse                     34               10674              318.53
                Goshen                       32               10366              308.70
                Sheridan                     69               23250              296.77
                Uinta                        45               15809              284.65
                Wyoming                    1185              423760              279.64
                Sweetwater                   82               30887              265.48
                Albany                       67               26843              249.60
                Natrona                     108               57611              187.46
                Campbell                     49               30244              162.02
                Laramie                      90               69756              129.02
RETAIL AVAILABILITY (PAGE 31)
Question 10. Based on Table 31, how does the number of liquor licenses per person in your
community compare to the number of liquor licenses per person across the state? Is your
rate bigger, smaller, or about the same? Discuss the differences




Albany County                                  Teton County

  “Of the 23 counties in                           “Teton County’s number of
  Wyoming, Albany County ranks                     liquor licenses is significantly
  20th for having the lowest                       larger than the rest of the state
  number of liquor licenses per                    due to the nature of our
  person.”                                         community. As a tourist
                                                   destination, we have a large
                                                   number of hotels, resorts,
                                                   restaurants and bars.”
FINAL RETAIL AVAILABILITY QUESTION
(PAGE 35)
Question 13. Based on information gathered about liquor licenses per 100,000 population 14
years and older, alcohol compliance check failure rates, drive-up liquor window percentage,
and other local data, what are the concerns around retail availability that might contribute to
the misuse of alcohol and its consequences in your community? Justify your decision.




Question 14.
Based on the above considerations, to what degree does your CAC believe retail availability is
impacting the misuse of alcohol and its consequences in your community? Justify your
decision.
(place an “x” next to a number from 0 to 10)




          No impact                                                   Major impact
           0        1    2     3      4     5      6     7      8     9       10
PRIORITIZATION (PAGE 66)

   SCORE     RANK      CAUSAL AREA

                       Retail Availability

                       Criminal Justice

                       Social Availability

                       Promotion

                       Community Norms

                       Individual Factors
FINAL QUESTION (PAGE 71)
Question 40.
It is very unlikely that your community can or needs to address every possible cause
or implement every possible evidence-based strategy to change alcohol-related
problems. What combination of causal areas is your community going to target with
the PF project, and why?




  “Sublette County is planning on targeting community norms along
  with social availability and eventually retail availability. The
  coalition feels that this is the best way to address reducing DUI
  and MIP and adult and youth binge drinking, and that the above
  named causal areas are those with the most concern connected with
  them. In addition, the coalition feels that according to the data
  gathered and provided in this workbook these are the areas it will
  be best to focus on because of the high rate of social events with
  alcohol served, the high level of acceptance of drinking in the
  community and the large amount of retail outlets that sell alcohol.”
RESULTS
 Causal Area Rankings (Prioritization)

   Causal Area         #1   #2   #3   Total   Median
                                               Rank
 Community Norms       11   8    1     20       2
 Social Availability   8    10   3     21       2
 Individual Factors    2    3    8     13       3
 Criminal Justice      2    1    5      8       4
 Retail Availability   0    1    3      4       5
 Promotion             0    0    3      3       6
RESULTS
    Communities Targeting Each Causal Area (Final
    Question)
Community               Social              Individual           Criminal            Retail           Promotion
  Norms               Availability           Factors              Justice          Availability
Albany, Big Horn,     Albany, Campbell,    Campbell, Carbon,   Big Horn, Carbon,   Crook, Sublette   Albany, Crook,
Campbell, Carbon,     Carbon, Crook,       Crook,              Crook,                                Sweetwater
Converse, Crook,      Fremont, Goshen,     Hot Springs,        Hot Springs,
Fremont, Goshen,      Hot Springs,         Johnson, Natrona,   Lincoln, Park,
Hot Springs,          Johnson, Laramie,    Sheridan            Teton, Uinta
Johnson,              Lincoln, Natrona,
Laramie, Lincoln,     Park, Platte,
Natrona, Niobrara,    Sublette,
Park, Platte,         Sweetwater, Teton,
Sheridan, Sublette,   Uinta,
Sweetwater, Teton,    Washakie, Weston
Uinta, Washakie,
Weston

       23                    19                   7                    8                   2                 3
LESSONS LEARNED
   The process is as important as the result

   Coaches would have been nice

   Data needs to be interpreted

   Wonderful things can happen when communities
    look at data before making decisions

   Escalators are really just moving stairways
CONTACT INFORMATION:

RODNEY A. WAMBEAM, PH.D.
SENIOR RESEARCH SCIENTIST
MANAGER CENTER FOR JUSTICE RESEARCH
WYOMING SURVEY & ANALYSIS CENTER
UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING
(307) 760-8928
rodney@uwyo.edu

								
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