Coping With Stress

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					Coping With Stress:

 Smoking: Chapter 14
 Drinking: Chapter 15
Relaxation: Chapter 11
Smoking, Drinking, Stress:
               What’s the
                connection?
               Does stress
                increase
                addictive
                behaviors
               Vice verse?
Tobacco


Chapter 14
Trends in Tobacco Use:
 20th Century: cigarettes
  manufactured – “working class”
  smokers
 1920’s: Sophisticated and
  fashionable – women increase
 1960’s: 40% of adult Americans
  smoke
Tobacco Industry is BIG
MONEY
 6th largest cash crop in US
 2.5% of GNP = tobacco
 Political Lobby:
  Individual rights vs.
  Known Health risks / economic
   impact vs.
  Tobacco companies
First Blow: Health risks
 1964: Surgeon General Report
 Positively links smoking with:
  HeartDisease
  Cancer
  Requires warnings on cigarette
   packs
  TV and Radio ads BANNED
Current Statistics:
 25% of adults smoke
 Highest smoking states:
   Kentucky,   Missouri, Arkansas
 Lowest Smoking states:
   Utah,   California, Hawaii
 HOW Is tobacco being marketed?
Tobacco Advertising:
 Sponsors: Tournaments,
  special events, athletic teams
 Full Page Ads in magazines:
 Free Pop Music concerts:
 Billboards (Joe Camel), neon
  signs etc.
Discuss: Who’s Really to
Blame?
              Why do
                people
                smoke?
             1. What makes
                them start?
             2. What makes
                them stay?
Smoking and Stress:
 Psychological Dependency:
   “Relax”
   Associated with coffee, alcohol, social
    gatherings, following meals
   Social “rituals” hard to break
 Physical Addiction: 6-8 times as
 powerful as alcohol
   Nicotineaffects CNS within seconds
   Acts both as stimulant and relaxant
Quitting is so hard to do:
Take the “test”: Lab 14A- B

 Physical Addiction
 “Habitual addiction”
 Motivation
 Stress Connection
Reasons to Quit:
 Health: Smoking is the largest
  preventable cause of illness
  and premature death in U.S.
 Example: Who is looking up to
  you?
 Aesthetics: Appearance, smell
 Mastery: Are you (or tobacco)
  the master of your life?
    Alcohol


Chapter 15:280-282
Alcohol: Delicate Balance
              CNS
               Depressant
              Impairs: Motor
               coordination,
               reaction time,
               peripheral
               vision, hearing,
               judgment,
               inhibitions
Is it All Bad?
 Responsible Drinking:
   Enhances  social enjoyment
   Reduces risk of CVD: (3-5
    drinks/week)
   Takes “the edge” off of a rough
    day…enhances relaxation
 BALANCE AND MODERATION is
               the key!
The Problem?
 Binge drinking (5+ drinks in one
  sitting)
 Risky behaviors during
  intoxication:
   Unprotected sex
   Other drug use
   DWI
   Domestic Violence
Death By Drinking:
              Alcohol Abuse
               Kills
              Accidents
              Accidental
               Overdose
              Suicide
              Chronic
               Alcoholic
               Syndromes
And Academic
Consequences?
 Missing class
 Memory impairment
 Poor preparation for exams or
  other assignments
                                   10.9
                         6.7
Drinks       4.9
week   3.5


        A     B    GPA     C   D or F
Discuss:
 How would you go about telling
  a friend that he/she has a
  drinking problem?
 What are some alternatives to
  “Bladder Buster” entertainment
  in Wayne America?
Alcohol and Stress
Issues:
 Legal Age
 Responsible Community
  Members
 Moderate Use – Not to
  “medicate” (avoid facing
  problems) but to soothe
Abuse and Addiction:
 Abuse:
   > 1-2 drinks / day
   Underage drinking
   Binge drinking – related behaviors
 Addiction - alcoholism:
   Impaired control over drinking
   Preoccupation with drinking
   Denial of “a problem”
Abuse and Addiction
Always Affects Loved Ones
              Interferes with
               open
               communication
              Intensifies
               conflicts
              Other: Violence,
               promiscuity,
               financial
               irresponsibility
 Authentic Stress
  Management


Health, Wellness and
     Relaxation
     Chapter 11
Stress and Immune
Function:
 Stress Hormones:
   Epinepherine (short acting)
   Cortisol (long acting)
 Stress Response:
   Immune system is activated
 Negative Feedback:
   Normal response is to “back off”
    once activated
Cortisol and Immune
Function:
 Normal:
   Cortisol Activates Immune Cells
   Turns off Cortisol
 Hyperactive:
   Excess Cortisol Exhausts Immune
    Cells    Bone Loss Blood sugar
    dysfunction
 Hypoactive: Cytokines compensate
   Increase Inflammatory Syndromes
Stress and Exercise:
 Exercise: Diffuses
  physiological “stress” response
 Reduces Cortisol after exercise
 Reduces Insulin
 Lowers Blood Pressure
 Less likely to overeat, drink or
  smoke
Other Stress Ailments:
 More colds
 More headaches
 GI distress
 Asthma
 Skin disorders
 Aging and memory deficit
“What was I going to my car to get?…”
Stress Busters:
 Exercise
 Deep Breathing: Also yoga or
  tai chi
 Progressive Muscle
  Relaxation
Lab: Progressive Relaxation, Breathing
And Playful exercise!

				
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