Handling Flood Damaged Grain Crops.pdf

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					  Guidelines for Handling and Disposal of Flood Damaged Grain and Other Crops: September

Due to tropical storms and an overabundance of rain many acres of grain and other crops were
inundated by floodwaters across Pennsylvania. This has generated concern about the potential use of
flood-affected crops for food or animal feed, since floodwaters can contain sewage, heavy metals, or
other contaminants and can also predispose these crops to molds and the development of toxins. Since
this has been an unusual event, there is little local precedent for dealing with this issue.

We have worked with federal agricultural agencies for guidance on the testing, handling and
disposition of these crops. Based on their research and recent communications with United States
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials on this issue, we are now able to offer some guidance
regarding the testing, handling and disposition of these crops.

The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition at FDA has assessed the potential use of these crops
for food uses and concluded that there is no practical way to recondition these crops for use for human
food. They recommend that the flood-affected crops be segregated and or otherwise disposed of to
ensure they do not contaminate unaffected crops during harvesting, storage and distribution.
Adulterated grain and other crops may be subject to seizure under the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act. Based on this determination by FDA, grains, which have been harvested from flooded
crops, should not be handled, used or marketed in manner that could allow them to potentially be
mixed with grains intended for human consumption. Example: Soybeans intended for human food
processing, such as soybean oil, should not be commingled with flood affected soybeans.

The Center for Veterinary Medicine at FDA has also assessed the potential use of these crops as
animal feed. FDA has indicated that as harvested these crops would not be acceptable for use in
animal feed. Producers must be aware that by choosing to harvest and use flood water adulterated
crops as animal feed they will assume the liabilities associated with the potential problems of this feed.

To even be considered for use in animal feed, these crops should be cleaned and dried or heat-treated.
The grain must be tested for the following criteria, at a minimum:

   1. Mycotoxins to include at least aflatoxin, fumonisin, vomitoxin, zearalenone, and ochratoxin.
   2. Heavy metals, with emphasis on cadmium, mercury and lead.
   3. Presence of certain pathogenic bacteria and their toxins, especially Salmonella, E. coli
      0157:H7, E. coli 0104:H4 and Clostridium perfringens and botulinum. Heat treatment must be
      done for a duration and at temperatures sufficient to destroy these pathogenic organisms.
   4. Pesticide screen, with particular emphasis on organophosphate and chlorinated hydrocarbon

     5. Presence of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) consistent with the levels found in Title 21 Code
        of Federal Regulations, Part 500.45.
It is important to note that if further information becomes available concerning other environmental or
industrial contaminants in a specific locale, additional testing may be necessary.

Maximum acceptable levels for the contaminants listed above are summarized in the tables,
paragraphs and referenced documents below:

 Contaminant                               Threshold level
 Aflatoxin                20-300 ppb: See link below- species specific
 Fumonisin                5-100 ppm: See link below – species specific
 Vomitoxin                1-10 ppm: See table below – species
 Zearalenone              No established limit *** See note below
 Ochratoxin               No established limit *** See note below
 Heavy Metals
 Cadmium                  0.5 ppm
 Mercury                  2.0 ppm
 Lead                     30.0 ppm
 Salmonella               No tolerance
 E. coli 0157:H7          No tolerance
 E. coli 0104:H4          No tolerance
 Clostridium              No tolerance
 Clostridium botulinum    No tolerance
 Organophosphates         See link below
 Chlorinated              See link below
 PCBs                     2.0 ppm

Aflatoxin –
                                            Action Level (Parts Per Billion)
   Corn and peanut products intended for
                                            300 ppb
finishing (i.e., feedlot) beef cattle
   Cottonseed meal intended for beef,
cattle, swine, or poultry (regardless of age 300 ppb
or breeding status)
   Corn and peanut products intended for
                                            200 ppb
finishing swine > /= 100 lbs
  Corn and peanut products intended for
breeding beef cattle, breeding swine, or    100 ppb
mature poultry
   Corn, peanut products, and other animal
feeds and feed ingredients but excluding
                                           20 ppb
cottonseed meal, intended for immature
   Corn, peanut products, cottonseed meal,
and other animal feed ingredients intended
for dairy animals, for animal species or   20 ppb
uses not specified above, or when the
intended use is not known
Brazil nuts                                 20 ppb
Foods                                       20 ppb
Milk                                        0.5 (aflatoxin M1)
Peanuts and Peanut products                 20 ppb
Pistachio nuts                              20 ppb

Fumonisin –

                                              Guidance Levels

    Corn and corn by-products               Total Fumonisins (FB1+FB2+FB3)
          intended for:

Equids and rabbits                         5 ppm
                                           (no more than 20% of diet)**

Swine and catfish                          20 ppm
                                           (no more than 50% of diet)**

Breeding ruminants, breeding poultry        30 ppm
and breeding mink*                          (no more than 50% of diet)**

Ruminants > 3 months old being              60 ppm
raised for slaughter and mink being         (no more than 50% of diet)**
raised for pelt production

Poultry being raised for slaughter          100 ppm
                                            (no more than 50% of diet)**

All other species or classes of             10 ppm
livestock and pet animals                   (no more than 50% of diet)**

*Includes lactating dairy cattle and hens laying eggs for human consumption
**Dry weight basis

Vomitoxin – (DON)
                                           Feed Ingredients &          DON Levels in Grains & Grain
Class of Animal
                                             Portion of Diet           By-products and (Finished Feed)
**Ruminating beef and feedlot        Grain and grain by-products not   **10ppm (10ppm in beef) (5ppm
cattle older than 4 months           to exceed 50% of the diet         in dairy)
                                     Grain and grain by-products not
Chickens                                                               10ppm (5ppm)
                                     to exceed 50% of the diet

                                     Grain and grain by-products not
Swine                                                                  5ppm(1ppm)
                                     to exceed 20% of the diet
                                     Grain and grain by-products not
All other animals                                                      5ppm (2ppm)
                                     to exceed 40% of the diet
Humans                               Finished wheat products           1ppm

         Infested grains testing 10 ppm or less for DON may be used in animal feed according to the
advisory based on the species, portion of the diet and level of DON. FDA does not recommend the
use of grain with levels of DON that exceed 10 ppm in animal feed.
          **FDA has updated the advisory levels of DON in distiller’s grains, brewer’s grains, gluten
and gluten meal. Ruminating beef cattle and dairy cattle over 4 months of age- 30ppm not to exceed
50% of the diet and not to exceed 10ppm in beef cattle finished feed and not to exceed 5ppm in dairy
cattle finished feed.

Ochratoxin A and Zearalenone – “No regulatory standards have been initiated for these toxins and
results from exposure data and/or risk assessments have indicated that regulatory standards are not
warranted at this time. The FDA continuously follows development of newer data regarding these
mycotoxins, thereby constantly evaluating the need to set regulatory standards.” (from the Council for
Agricultural Science and Technology Task Force Report No. 139 January 2003) Other countries have
established maximum levels for Ochratoxin A and Zearalenone in foodstuffs, dairy products and
animal feedstuffs in the parts per billion (ppb) range dependent on commodity and intended use.

Pesticides – The following referenced documents and websites establish pesticide and regulatory
compliance standards.
   • FDA Compliance Policy Guide Sec. 575.100 Pesticide Residues in Food and Feed –
       Enforcement Criteria (CPG 7141.01)

   •   EPA 40CFR Part 180 Tolerances and Exemptions for Tolerances for Pesticide Chemicals in
       Food -

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) – The temporary tolerances for residues of
PCB's are as follows:
     • 0.2 part per million in finished animal feed for food-producing animals (except the following
         finished animal feeds: feed concentrates, feed supplements, and feed premixes).
     • 2 parts per million in animal feed components of animal origin, including fishmeal and other
         by-products of marine origin and in finished animal feed concentrates, supplements, and
         premixes intended for food-producing animals.
     • 10 parts per million in paper food-packaging material intended for or used with finished
         animal feed and any components intended for animal feeds. The tolerance shall not apply to
         paper food-packaging material separated from the food therein by a functional barrier which
         is impermeable to migration of PCB's.

Forages and silages affected by flood waters should be tested for the same contaminants as flood
affected grains. Refer to the Managing Flood Damaged Forage and Pasture document for more

Pennsylvania’s dairy and livestock community should be aware that any animal feed crop touched by
flood water is considered adulterated under federal law. It is reasonably likely that a variety of
contaminants are present in the silt on the plants or on the plants themselves. Adulterated silage and
forage should not be used as animal feed unless the risks of its use can be appropriately managed. If
flooded feed is not managed appropriately, adulterated feed places animal health at risk and poses a
means for contaminants to enter the human food supply, particularly through the milk supply.

Grain crops raised for feeding on-farm are not directly subject to federal and state regulations because
the grains are not in commercial distribution. However, food (eggs, meat and milk) produced from
feeding these grains may be regulated. Contaminants from potentially adulterated feed, if found in
milk, may impact the farm's ability to ship milk. It is recommended that all producers test these grains

to ensure that the flood-affected grains are below the tolerances for the contaminants identified above.
Again, it is important that producers consult with Penn State Extension to assess the handling and use
of flood-affected grains and other crops.

Producers must be aware that by choosing to harvest and use adulterated crops as animal feed they will
assume the liabilities associated with any problems from such feed.

Beware of products intended to be used for or promoted to bind mycotoxins and other harmful toxins.
They must be the subject of an approved Food Additive Petition (FAP) from the FDA or Generally
Recognized as Safe (GRAS) for use in food or feed if they are sold or intended to be used for this

Activated charcoal is not an approved food/feed additive and is not GRAS. Food or feed containing
activated charcoal is considered adulterated under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

Sodium aluminosilicate and hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate are GRAS when used as
anticaking agents in animal feed at a level not exceeding 2 percent in accordance with good
manufacturing or feeding practices. However, FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) has
consistently maintained that the use of sodium aluminosilicate or hydrated sodium calcium
aluminosilicate as binders for mycotoxins is not GRAS and approved FAPs must be obtained before
these products may be used or claims may be made regarding their utility as mycotoxin binders.
Products which are not the subject of an approved FAP may be subject to regulatory action.

CVM is concerned that all mycotoxins are not uniformly bound by anticaking agents and that similar
anticaking agents do not bind mycotoxins to the same degree.

Furthermore, any mycotoxins which are bound might not remain bound when the feed is consumed
and exposed to the acid environment of the gut. If this were to occur, the animal could be exposed to
unknown and potentially unsafe levels of mycotoxin which could result in mycotoxin residues in meat,
milk, or eggs.

The Department will offer grain testing at no charge to help producers, not covered by crop insurance,
who choose to make determinations on grain quality for harvesting and feed potential and assess
whether it is likely that any of the listed contaminants are present in flood affected field crops.

Grain Sampling Procedures

(These sampling guidelines are adapted from “Practical Procedures For Sampling Grain”, from
USDA’s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA).)

It is recommended that grain sampling and shipping be completed by a PSU County Extension Agent
if available. Also, your feed nutrionist may be able to offer support with the collection and shipping of
the grain samples.

Sampling is an essential part of the inspection process and is critical to the accuracy of the final grade.
If the sample is not representative of the lot, the inspection result will not reflect the true quality of the
Basic Principles of Obtaining a GOOD sample:
• Collect several samples from different areas of the lot.
• Combine these samples to form a single sample.
• Consider the size of the sample needed for analysis.
• Completely mix or blend the final sample.

Tailgate Sampling:
Use a container (a large coffee can will work) to sample grain from a moving stream of grain.
Tailgate sampling will draw a reasonably representative sample, as grain is loaded/unloaded from a
combine to a truck/wagon or from a truck/wagon to a bin.

To Obtain A GOOD Sample With A Tailgate Sampler:
• Let the grain flow from the carrier (truck, combine, bin) for a few seconds before taking your first
sample. Avoid sampling the last few bushels flowing out of the container.
• Hold the sampling device so that it is at one side of the grain stream.
• Pull the tailgate sampler through the grain stream in a continuous motion.
• Empty each sample into a clean, dry container.
• Take a minimum of three samples per carrier. More samples will yield a more representative
composite sample.

Probe Sampling:
A hand probe is the only effective method of obtaining a representative sample from grain at rest in a
truck bin or other container. There are two types of hand probes - a compartmented probe and an open-
throat probe. The open-throat probe does not have compartments inside. This feature allows the
sample to be poured directly from the probe into a sample container. The open-throat probe tends to
draw more grain from the top portion of the lot. Results of the open-throat probe will differ from that
of a sample drawn with a compartmented probe. Hand probes come in 5’, 6,’ 8’, 10’, and 12’ lengths.
The sample is more representative of the lot if the probe reaches the bottom of the carrier.

To Obtain A GOOD Sample With A Hand Probe:
• Determine the locations in the container to be probed. Avoid sampling in the spout stream.
• With the slots on the probe closed, insert the probe at a slight angle (10 degrees).
• With the slots facing upward, open the probe and move it up and down in two short motions to fill
the compartments.
• Close the probe, withdraw it from the grain and empty the grain onto a canvass or trough that is
slightly longer than the probe you are using. If you are using an open-throat probe, pour the grain from
the open end of the probe directly into a clean, dry container.

While drawing the sample, observe the general condition of the grain and check for objectionable
odors, insect infestation, large stones, pieces of metal or glass and any other potentially harmful

****It is imperative to draw a representative sample and get as accurate of an inspection as
possible. The condition of stored grain can change depending on the conditions of the storage
area and the quality factors of the stored grain. ****

Testing Procedures

The Department will offer grain testing, at no charge, to help producers, not covered by crop
insurance, who choose to make determinations on grain quality for harvesting and feed potential and
assess whether it is likely that any of the listed contaminants are present in flood affected field crops.

Grain samples submitted for testing must meet the following criteria:

   1. Grain samples should be obtained by collecting a representative 6 - 10 pound sample of the
       grain from a bin or truck using established procedures (see guidelines above). Grain should be
       cleaned and dried. Ideally, samples should represent grain lots of 10,000 bushels or less.
   2. Samples should be submitted to the laboratory in a paper bag, so condensation does not occur,
       along with the name, address, and telephone number of the grain producer. The lot of grain
       that was sampled should also be identified.
   3. Test results should be available to the producer in approximately 7-10 days from receipt of
       sample, dependent on the findings. Positive results in any category may require additional
       testing and increase the turnaround time for analytical results.
   4. Based on the test results, producers can then voluntarily advise the Department of their
       intentions regarding the use, non-use, incorporation, composting, handling, storage, or other
       disposition of the grain.
       Samples should be submitted to the attention of: Michael Hydock, Chief; Division of Lab
       Section, Bureau of Food Safety, 2301 North Cameron Street, Harrisburg, PA 17110
Reporting Procedures

If the above testing and sampling procedures are followed and the grain meets the criteria established,
FDA will not require the submission of a diversion request as outlined in their regulations for use of
these crops as animal feed. Producers should voluntarily notify the Pennsylvania Department of
Agriculture of their intentions to process, test, and sell or use these crops. A PDA Voluntary
Notification Form is available at the end of this document or upon request to the Pennsylvania
Department of Agriculture

Producers should seek consultation with a livestock nutrionist and veterinarian on any analytical
results that they receive for flood-affected crops for the proper use or disposition of the crops.

Handling Recommendations

     -   Use a respirator approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
         (NIOSH). Nuisance dust masks (paper masks) are not effective against smaller particles such
         as mold spores and fumes. Approved respirators are recommended to anyone that may come
         in direct contact with the waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material).
         Producers may wish to consult the following website, for more respiratory protection information.

     -   Waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material) must be packaged in a bladder
         bag, supersac or equivalent packaging technology which can completely enclose the material
         for acceptance at intended disposal facility/location.

     -   Transport vehicles transporting the enclosed waste material should also be covered (tarped) to
         prevent air dispersal of waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material).

     -   For landfill disposal, the waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material) should be
          covered immediately after deposition at the landfill working face.

     - For disposal at a waste-to-energy facility, the waste material (contaminated       grain or
        other crop material) should be fed directly into the burning chamber and not placed into the
        waste pit.

Disposal Options:

1. For Flood affected grains and other crops
       Physical mixing of flood affected grain with uncontaminated grain for animal feed is not an
       acceptable practice. Blending of “clean” grain with adulterated grain is generally not permitted
       and the final product resulting from blending is unlawful, regardless of the level of the

2. On-farm disposal:
      Pre harvest crops can be rotary mowed and incorporated into soil. Composting on farm or
      through a commercial composter is an option.

3. Biofuels production:
       The contaminated grain or other crop material may be used in biofuels production provided it
       meets the quality specifications of the production facility and the facility is permitted under
       General Permit WMGR109,
       other DEP permit authorization, or under a co-product determination. In addition, the
       contamination levels of the distiller’s grain must be evaluated before it is allowed to be used as
       animal feed.

4. Boiler fuel:
       The waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material, etc.) may be used as fuel (co-
       product for energy recovery under Chapter 287.1 of the residual waste regulations) in an industrial boiler
       provided permit approval is granted by the DEP’s Air Quality Program and the waste material
       has at least 5,000 BTUs/lb.

5. Waste-to-energy facility:
      The waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material, etc.) may be processed at a
      waste-to-energy facility as a residual waste (agricultural waste) if accomplished in accordance

        with these procedures, the waste-to-energy facility operator has received “Form U - Request to
        Process or Dispose of Residual Waste” approval, and the waste-to-energy facility operator has
        determined the waste material will not adversely effect the facility operations and has received
        Air Quality Program approval. No chemical analysis is required in accordance with the
        Chemical Analysis Waiver provisions under Section D4. of the Form U provided the chemical
        analysis waiver does not conflict with the waste-to-energy facility’s approved waste acceptance
        plan, see In addition,
        the waste material should be fed directly into the burning chamber and not placed into the
        waste pit.

6. Landfill Disposal:
      It has been determined that the waste material (contaminated grain or other crop material, etc.)
      may be disposed in Pennsylvania landfills as a residual waste (agricultural waste) if
      accomplished in accordance with these procedures and if the landfill operator has received
      “Form U - Request to Process or Dispose of Residual Waste” approval. No chemical analysis
      is required in accordance with the Chemical Analysis Waiver provisions under Section D4. of
      the Form U provided the chemical analysis waiver does not conflict with the landfill’s
      approved waste acceptance plan, see However, the landfill
      operator must still determine that the waste material will not adversely affect the landfill
      operations, liner and/or leachate collection and treatment capabilities.

DEP Regional Offices

 - The following DEP regional offices may be contacted for information on permitting, Form U
approval requests, and other disposal options listed above:

I.    Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, Philadelphia.
                                    Southeast Regional Office
                                       2 East Main Street
                                      Norristown, PA 19401
                                     Phone: (484) 250 – 5960

II.   Carbon, Lackawanna, Lehigh, Luzerne, Monroe, Northampton, Pike, Schuylkill, Susquehanna,
      Wayne, Wyoming.
                                   Northeast Regional Office
                                         2 Public Square
                                  Wilkes-Barre, PA 18711-0790
                                    Phone: (570) 826 – 2516

III. Adams, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Fulton, Huntingdon, Juniata,
     Lancaster, Lebanon, Mifflin, Perry, York.
                                   Southcentral Regional Office
                                        909 Elmerton Avenue
                                    Harrisburg, PA 17110-8200
                                      Phone: (717) 705 – 4706

IV. Bradford, Cameron, Centre, Clearfield, Clinton, Columbia, Lycoming, Montour,
    Northumberland, Potter, Snyder, Sullivan, Tioga, Union.
                           Northcentral Regional Office
                                208 West 3rd Street – Suite 101
                                    Williamsport, PA 17701
                                    Phone: (570) 327 – 3653

V.   Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Cambria, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Somerset, Washington,
                                   Southwest Regional Office
                                       400 Waterfront Drive
                                   Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4745
                                    Phone: (412) 442 – 4000

VI. Butler, Clarion, Crawford, Elk, Erie, Forest, Jefferson, Lawrence, McKean, Mercer, Venango,
                                    Northwest Regional Office
                                         230 Chestnut Street
                                    Meadville, PA 16335-3481
                                       Phone: 814-332 – 6848

For more information pertaining to this guidance document contact Erin Bubb, Chief, Division of
Agronomic and Regional Services at the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture at 717-772-5215.

For more information pertaining to the grain sample submission contact Michael Hydock, Chief, Food
Safety Lab Division at the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture at 717-787-4315.

For more information pertaining to the management of flood affected crops visit or contact Penn State

This document was written with guidance from Greg Roth, Ph.D, Penn State Extension, University of
Vermont Extension’s “Managing Flood Damaged Crops and Forage From Tropical Storm Irene”,
and Vermont’s Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets

This document is only intended as a guide and in no manner endorses or encourages the
harvesting, feeding or other use of flood damaged crops. By choosing to harvest and use flood
damaged or adulterated crops as animal feed or enter such crops into the food chain, the
producer assumes all risks and liabilities associated with the problems such feed may cause. The
recommended tests set forth in this document are not all inclusive. In addition, the samples
received are only as good as the techniques utilized and the test results achieved may or may not
be representative of the entire affected crop area. The tests and the results thereof shall not be

considered as any endorsement or decision by the Department related to a product’s safety,
regulatory compliance or final usage. All decisions related to the final use of any products tested
are at the sole discretion of the producer and should be made with consideration of all laws and
regulations related to such usage and the potential health consequences to their animals and the
food supply. Test results shall not, in any manner bind the Department or release or vindicate
any producer from, nor in any manner act to mitigate, any penalty or action that may be
imposed upon such producer for improper use of the product tested.

                                   VOLUNTARY NOTIFICATION OF

Name and Address of Grower/Producer:

Telephone and Fax Numbers (include cellular phone information if available):

E-mail address (if available):

Amount and Type of Grain (bushels):

How Grain was Cleaned and Processed:

Intended Use of the Grain

Name and Address of Intended User (if available):

Contaminant Test Results of Sample(s):

             1.   Aflatoxin –
             2.   Fumoninsin –
             3.   Vomitoxin –
             4.   Zearalenone –
             5.   Ochratoxin –

Heavy Metals
           1.     Cadmium (Cd) -
           2.     Lead (Pb) -
           3.     Mercury (Hg) –

Pathogenic Bacteria
            1. E. coli 0157:H7 –
            2. E. coli 0104: H4-
            3. Salmonella -
            4. Clostridium perfringens –
            5. Clostridium botulinum-

Pesticide Screen
              1. Organophosphates -

             2.   Chlorinated Hydrocarbons –


       Polychlorinated Biphenyls
           1. Aroclor 1254 -
           2. Aroclor 1260 –

This form should be completed and submitted to the Department of Agriculture prior to any attempt to handle
flood-affected grain. The completed form may be mailed or faxed to:

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Plant Industry
2301 North Cameron St
Harrisburg, PA 17110

Fax: 717-783-3275
Attn: Erin Bubb

               List of PSU Cooperative Extension Staff in Affected Flood Damaged Counties

Berks – Mena Hautau -; 610-378-1327

Bradford – Gary Hennip –; 570-265-2896 or Tom Maloney –; 570-265-2896

Chester – Cheryl Fairbairn –; 610-696-3500

Columbia - John Esslinger –; 570-275-3731 or Dave Hartman –; 570-784-6660
Bucks – Mike Fournier (; 215-345-3283)

Cumberland – Dave Swartz –; 717-582-2131

Dauphin – Paul Craig –; 717-921-8803

Delaware – Greg Martin –; 717-394-6851 (Greg is assigned in Lancaster, but travels)

Lancaster – Leon Ressler –; 717-394-6851

Lebanon – Del Voight –; 717-270-4391

Lehigh – Bob Leiby –; 610-391-9840

Luzerne – Donna Grey –; 570-825-1701

Montgomery – Andy Frankenfield –; 610-489-4315

Montour - John Esslinger –; 570-275-3731 or Dave Hartman –; 570-784-6660

Northampton – Tianna Dupont –; 610-746-1970

Northumberland – John Esslinger –; 570-275-3731 or Dave Hartman –; 570-784-6660

Perry - Dave Swartz –; 717-582-2131

Schuylkill – Duane Miller –; 570-622-4225

Snyder - John Esslinger –; 570-275-3731 or Dave Hartman –; 570-784-6660

Sullivan – Mark Madden –; 570-928-8941

Union - John Esslinger –; 570-275-3731 or Dave Hartman –; 570-784-6660

York – John Rowehl –; 717-840-7408

If your county is not listed above, Penn State Cooperative Extension may not have an educator located in that
county working on this type of work, but someone from a surrounding county could be contacted for

                                      IN PENNSYLVANIA

Agri-Analysis Laboratory……… Mycotoxins
Phone: 717-656-9326 280
New Port Road
Leola, PA 17540

Lancaster Laboratories…………Heavy metals, PCBs, Pesticides
Phone: 717-656-2301
2425 New Holland Pike
Lancaster, PA 17601

Skyview Laboratory ……………Mycotoxins, Microbiology
Phone: 800-237-8031
Box 273
Route 30
Jennerstown, PA 15547

PADLS-New Bolton Center………….Heavy metals, PCBs, Pesticides, Mycotoxins, and Microbiology
382 West Street Road
Kennett Square, PA 19348-1692
Toxicology Phone 610-925-6244
Microbiology Phone- 610-444-5800

                            IN NEARBY STATES

A & L Eastern Laboratory…………Pesticides, Heavy metals
Phone: 804-743-9401
7621 Whitepine Road
Richmond, VA 23237

Cumberland Valley Analytical Services………Mycotoxins, Heavy metals
Phone: 800-282-7522
Fax: 301-790-1981
Box 669
Maugansville, MD 21767
UPS Shipping:
18501 Maugans Avenue
Hagerstown, MD 21742

DAIRY ONE……………….………Mycotoxins
Phone: 800-496-3344
DHI Forage Testing Laboratory
Fax: 607-257-1350
730 Warren Road
Ithaca, NY 14850


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