Bringing Science and Practice Together Bringing Science and by jennyyingdi


									Environmental Management for Higher Education
    Bringing                      Together
   “Bringing Science and Practice Together”

In this webinar we will focus on identification and 
implementation of environmental strategies around 
i l       t ti    f     i       t l t t i            d
access to alcohol and other drugs (AOD) on campus 
and in surrounding community. 
and in surrounding community
     p      p        yy
As a participant today you will:

• Gain understanding of environmental strategies to 
    help students make decisions about AOD use;
  Develop awareness of problems on campus and 
• Develop awareness of problems on campus and
    community from underage and high risk drinking; 
  Understand  science of environmental management 
• Understand science of environmental management
    for higher education in changing  social culture; and 
• Learn effective strategies from a university, 
    community coalitions and state agencies to bring 
    science and practice together 
    Share some techniques to raise funds to implement 
• Share some techniques to raise funds to implement
    environmental management program
 Environmental Management for
         Higher Education
Understanding the
strategies of CHANGING
the environment.
Understanding the
Environmental Problems
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism &
                            (2004 update)
Each Year College Drinking Causes:
1700 students deaths
500,000 unintentional injuries
600,000      lt 70 000        l      lt
600 000 assaults -70,000 sexual assaults
2nd hand effects by drinking peers
31% met criteria for alcohol abuse
$53 billion social cost for underage drinking

College Drinking: Changing the Culture
                   College Binge Drinking

Each year promising students with promising futures die in
                 alcohol related tragedies

                       We need to do something about it!!!
                            What is binge drinking?
                   •        Males – five drinks in a 2 hr. setting
                           Females – four drinks in a 2 hr. setting
(2005 -Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS))
       Listen to Student Voices
•    Students drink to get drunk
•    “Everyone’s doing it” – “Can’t have a good time without it”
•    “Nothing else to do” Too Much Free Time
•    Beer is “cheap” (less than orange juice). “Easy to get”
•    Aggressive advertising “Ladies Free Night”-- “Free Till You
     P ”
•    Laws/policies are not enforced or prosecuted

(Texas Sport Coalition-Mahill 2002-
3,000 high school and college athletes)
       Problems in the Environment
 Students have to much free time with few alcohol free
  options to occupy leisure time
Society and culture promote belief that underage and binge
 drinking is a normal part of campus life
Al h l is available and inexpensive.
Alcohol i      il bl   di         i
Aggressive promotions to target underage and other college
Laws and policies are not consistently enforced and
    The Emerging Legal Climate on
         College Campuses
         C ll    C

   Attorneys indicate National Recommendations from
    NIAAA, IOM and Surgeon's General reports may be
    tried t i        t
    t i d out in court
   Laws and policies not enforced or adjudicated
What do we do now?

Implement Environmental
Prevention Strategies.
    v o e ta      eve t o
  Environmental Prevention
       WHAT IS IT?

“Everything that affects the student’s decision
                l h l d h drugs”
    to not use alcohol and other d      ”
Environmental Prevention
  A New Way of Thinking About Alcohol Use

 prevention removes
   the f     f
   th focus from
 individual behavior
   and attempts to
  impact the larger

Changing environmental contributors to AOD
problems will result in individual behavior

Environmental         Change            Change
   change                i
                         in                i
   activity         environment       individuals
             Environmental Strategies
                                                         Get off on the right foot

     eve op a d co s ste t y e o ce ca pus po c es a d
    Develop and consistently enforce campus policies and
    local, state, and federal laws
   Limit alcohol availability and access
   Restrict marketing and promotion of alcoholic beverages
   Create environment that supports health-promoting norms
   Offer social, recreational, public service, and other
    extracurricular options which are alcohol free
  DeJong W al.
( DeJong,W, et al (1998) Environmental management: A comprehensive strategy for
    reducing alcohol, other drug use on college campuses.
(OJJDP’s ,” Environmental Strategies to Prevent Alcohol Problems on College
    Campuses” prepared by PIRE and Deborah Fisher)
  esou ces o    v o e           ge e
Resources for Environmental Management
for Higher Education.
  Higher Ed     i C       f Al h l O h
  Hi h Education Center for Alcohol, Other
  Drug and Violence Prevention 1- 800 -676-1730

  Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)
  Underage Drinking Enforcement Training
  Center (UDETC) 1-877-335-1287       www udetc org
  www pire org and
      The Common Sense B hi d
      Th C       S      Behind
      Environmental Prevention

    We cannot expect students to say
     “no” to harmful drinking and
          other drug use when
   their environment tells them“yes.”
An Approach to AOD Prevention by Bill DeJong, et al. (1998)
         Factors of Decision
Student Behavior Influenced at Multiple Levels

        P li                          Community

     Peers                                Family & Faith
                                          C     it

Prevention Infrastructure
“Three Spheres of Action”


      1st Sphere of Action -Campus
      Successful Environmental Strategies
         “Putting Theory/Science into Practice”

•   University of Texas at San Antonio
              L Merritt Sergeant,
    Geoffrey L. Merritt, Sergeant Crime Prevention Unit
    (Certified Crime Prevention Specialist)

    H    id W f lli
    Howaida Werfelli, MPH
    Health Education Coordinator II

    Kelsey N. Bratcher, MA
    Assistant Director of Student Activities for Risk
    Ed    ti   Al h l d D         P
    Education, Alcohol and Drug Programs
 Model and/or Successful Programs to
Replicate on Campus and in Community

OJJDP Success Stories –

Experiences in Effective Prevention and Alcohol and
Other Drug Prevention on College Campuses Model
Programs –1999-2008
2nd Sphere of Action-Community
    Let’s B ild C      it !
    L t’ Build Community!

A community is defined as “a 
 group of interacting people 
 group of interacting people
 living in a common location.”

 AND in this case  – with a 
 AND i thi            ith
 common goal!
 common goal!
         p           y
      Campus/Community Coalitions
       Who are they?

                               y
    Administration, community leaders,
    retailers, parents, enforcement, judicial,
    students, faculty/staff and others who have
    a passion for reducing alcohol and other
     Campus/Community Coalitions
        What do they do?

  Plan and implement environmental
  management strategies, including needs
  assessment /problems, policies, law reform
  and ordinances

Form Partnerships with Colleges and
                Helps to forge relationships
  Universities. H l t f
  U i     iti                    l ti   hi
  between higher education and the general
Provide support where needed
Texas’ Collaboration of Coalitions and
Colleges to Reduce Underage and High
risk Alcohol Use for 2009 -2010:
•   Assisted in h N d Assessment f C ll
    A i d i the Needs A                               d
                                       for Colleges and
    Universities – Provided funding for CORE Survey

•   Developed and funded evidence based trainings for
    all geographical areas of Texas for 50 colleges and
        g g p                                   g
    175 professional staff

•   Essential to help promote public policy as legislative
    advocacy with statewide coalition and regional 
    partners to move Gov’s Drug Demand Reduction
    partners to move Gov s Drug Demand Reduction 
    advisory Committee Recommendations for Higher 
     3rd Sphere of Action
Statewide Initiatives- Who Are They?
Institutions of higher education, state
agencies, campus/ community organizations
and government officials that contribute to
reducing high-risk alcohol and drug use.

       g             ,
Link higher education, state & federal for
funding for prevention/intervention strategies
    Texas’ Collaboration with State
Agencies and Higher Education
   Successful E i
    S                      lP       i
           f l Environmental Prevention
•   State Incentive Grantees – 10 Coalitions
    facilitated evidence based trainings in all
             hi l        fT
    geographical areas of Texas

•   Department of State Health Services’ State
(     )
(Con’t) Collaboration of State
Agencies with Higher Education
•   Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission’s
    T     Al h li B            C      i i ’
    (TABC) Higher Education Symposiums (7
    annual 2 day training for 90% of 4 year
•                         Transportation s
    Texas Department of Transportation’s
    (TxDot) Judicial/Student Conduct Training
•   Governor s
    Governor’s Drug Demand Reduction
    Committee (DDRAC_) –Higher Education
STATEGIES? There Are Funds Available
W e e s e o ey? ow                d ?
Where is the Money? How do I find it?
Appoint Statewide Initiative Coordinator
•   D l P           Concept
    Develop Program C

•   Research: F d l R i t & State Library
    R      h Federal Register St t Lib

•                                 Grants
    Identify Federal Agencies for Grants.

•   Identify State Agencies with Block Grants

•                                   Agencies,
    Get on Advisory Boards of State Agencies
    Community Agencies & Foundations
     Establish Relationships
•   Community & Local Donors
    C        i    L lD
•   Campus Development Department
•   Student G          t   i ll S i F
    St d t Government especially Service Fee
•   Alumni Association
•   Parent Association
(      g,             ,         g     g        pp
(DeJong,W –Davidson, L. Building Long-Term Support
for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Programs
- 1995)
  Successful Environmental Management

Are you presently utilizing environment strategies
to solve your AOD problems? If not do you plan to
implement in the future? Your success will be
determined by selecting the right strategies
according to your needs assessment.
   Three Spheres of Action

            p ,           y
Other Campus, Community and
State Initiatives from Audience

  What are the Challenges?
  What are the Solutions?
  What Resources are Needed?

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