Environmental Management for Higher Education Bringing Together “Bringing Science and Practice Together” In this webinar we will focus on identification and implementation of environmental strategies around i l t ti f i t l t t i d access to alcohol and other drugs (AOD) on campus and in surrounding community. and in surrounding community p p yy As a participant today you will: • Gain understanding of environmental strategies to help students make decisions about AOD use; Develop awareness of problems on campus and • Develop awareness of problems on campus and community from underage and high risk drinking; Understand science of environmental management • Understand science of environmental management for higher education in changing social culture; and • Learn effective strategies from a university, community coalitions and state agencies to bring science and practice together Share some techniques to raise funds to implement • Share some techniques to raise funds to implement environmental management program Environmental Management for Higher Education Understanding the strategies of CHANGING g the environment. Understanding the Problems Environmental Problems National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism & (2004 update) Each Year College Drinking Causes: 1700 students deaths 500,000 unintentional injuries 600,000 lt 70 000 l lt 600 000 assaults -70,000 sexual assaults 2nd hand effects by drinking peers 31% met criteria for alcohol abuse $53 billion social cost for underage drinking College Drinking: Changing the Culture http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/ College Binge Drinking Each year promising students with promising futures die in tragedies. alcohol related tragedies We need to do something about it!!! What is binge drinking? • Males – five drinks in a 2 hr. setting Females – four drinks in a 2 hr. setting (2005 -Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS)) Listen to Student Voices • Students drink to get drunk • “Everyone’s doing it” – “Can’t have a good time without it” • “Nothing else to do” Too Much Free Time • Beer is “cheap” (less than orange juice). “Easy to get” • Aggressive advertising “Ladies Free Night”-- “Free Till You Pee” P ” • Laws/policies are not enforced or prosecuted (Texas Sport Coalition-Mahill 2002- 3,000 high school and college athletes) Problems in the Environment Students have to much free time with few alcohol free options to occupy leisure time Society and culture promote belief that underage and binge drinking is a normal part of campus life Al h l is available and inexpensive. Alcohol i il bl di i Aggressive promotions to target underage and other college drinkers. Laws and policies are not consistently enforced and adjudicated The Emerging Legal Climate on College Campuses C ll C Attorneys indicate National Recommendations from NIAAA, IOM and Surgeon's General reports may be tried t i t t i d out in court Laws and policies not enforced or adjudicated What do we do now? Implement Environmental Strategies Prevention Strategies. v o e ta eve t o Environmental Prevention WHAT IS IT? “Everything that affects the student’s decision l h l d h drugs” to not use alcohol and other d ” Environmental Prevention A New Way of Thinking About Alcohol Use Environmental prevention removes the f f th focus from individual behavior and attempts to impact the larger environment. environment CHANGES Changing environmental contributors to AOD problems will result in individual behavior change. g Environmental Change Change change i in i in activity environment individuals Environmental Strategies Get off on the right foot eve op a d co s ste t y e o ce ca pus po c es a d Develop and consistently enforce campus policies and local, state, and federal laws Limit alcohol availability and access Restrict marketing and promotion of alcoholic beverages Create environment that supports health-promoting norms Offer social, recreational, public service, and other extracurricular options which are alcohol free DeJong W al. ( DeJong,W, et al (1998) Environmental management: A comprehensive strategy for reducing alcohol, other drug use on college campuses. (OJJDP’s ,” Environmental Strategies to Prevent Alcohol Problems on College Campuses” prepared by PIRE and Deborah Fisher) esou ces o v o e ge e Resources for Environmental Management for Higher Education. Higher Ed i C f Al h l O h Hi h Education Center for Alcohol, Other Drug and Violence Prevention http://higheredcenter.ed.gov 1- 800 -676-1730 Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) Underage Drinking Enforcement Training Center (UDETC) 1-877-335-1287 www.pire.org www udetc org www pire org and www.udetc.org The Common Sense B hi d Th C S Behind Environmental Prevention We cannot expect students to say “no” to harmful drinking and other drug use when g their environment tells them“yes.” An Approach to AOD Prevention by Bill DeJong, et al. (1998) Factors of Decision Student Behavior Influenced at Multiple Levels Personal Policy P li Community Peers Family & Faith Community C it Media/Movies Schools Prevention Infrastructure “Three Spheres of Action” Community State p Campus 1st Sphere of Action -Campus Successful Environmental Strategies “Putting Theory/Science into Practice” • University of Texas at San Antonio L Merritt Sergeant, Geoffrey L. Merritt, Sergeant Crime Prevention Unit (Certified Crime Prevention Specialist) H id W f lli Howaida Werfelli, MPH Health Education Coordinator II Kelsey N. Bratcher, MA Assistant Director of Student Activities for Risk Ed ti Al h l d D P Education, Alcohol and Drug Programs Model and/or Successful Programs to Replicate on Campus and in Community OJJDP Success Stories – www.udetc.org. Experiences in Effective Prevention and Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention on College Campuses Model Programs –1999-2008 www.ed.gov 2nd Sphere of Action-Community Let’s B ild C it ! L t’ Build Community! A community is defined as “a group of interacting people group of interacting people g living in a common location.” AND in this case – with a AND i thi ith common goal! common goal! p y Campus/Community Coalitions Who are they? y Administration, community leaders, retailers, parents, enforcement, judicial, students, faculty/staff and others who have a passion for reducing alcohol and other drugs Campus/Community Coalitions What do they do? Plan and implement environmental strategies management strategies, including needs assessment /problems, policies, law reform and ordinances Form Partnerships with Colleges and Helps to forge relationships Universities. H l t f U i iti l ti hi between higher education and the general community Provide support where needed Texas’ Collaboration of Coalitions and Colleges to Reduce Underage and High risk Alcohol Use for 2009 -2010: • Assisted in h N d Assessment f C ll A i d i the Needs A d for Colleges and Universities – Provided funding for CORE Survey • Developed and funded evidence based trainings for all geographical areas of Texas for 50 colleges and g g p g 175 professional staff • Essential to help promote public policy as legislative advocacy with statewide coalition and regional partners to move Gov’s Drug Demand Reduction partners to move Gov s Drug Demand Reduction advisory Committee Recommendations for Higher Education 3rd Sphere of Action Statewide Initiatives- Who Are They? Institutions of higher education, state agencies, campus/ community organizations and government officials that contribute to reducing high-risk alcohol and drug use. g , Link higher education, state & federal for funding for prevention/intervention strategies Texas’ Collaboration with State Agencies and Higher Education Successful E i S lP i f l Environmental Prevention Programs: • State Incentive Grantees – 10 Coalitions facilitated evidence based trainings in all hi l fT geographical areas of Texas • Department of State Health Services’ State Assessment ( ) (Con’t) Collaboration of State Agencies with Higher Education • Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission’s T Al h li B C i i ’ (TABC) Higher Education Symposiums (7 annual 2 day training for 90% of 4 year colleges) • Transportation s Texas Department of Transportation’s (TxDot) Judicial/Student Conduct Training • Governor s Governor’s Drug Demand Reduction Committee (DDRAC_) –Higher Education Recommendations WHERE IS THE MONEY TO SUPPORT THE STATEGIES? There Are Funds Available W e e s e o ey? ow d ? Where is the Money? How do I find it? Appoint Statewide Initiative Coordinator • D l P Concept Develop Program C • Research: F d l R i t & State Library R h Federal Register St t Lib • Grants Identify Federal Agencies for Grants. • Identify State Agencies with Block Grants • Agencies, Get on Advisory Boards of State Agencies Community Agencies & Foundations Establish Relationships • Community & Local Donors C i L lD • Campus Development Department • Student G t i ll S i F St d t Government especially Service Fee Committee • Alumni Association • Parent Association ( g, , g g pp (DeJong,W –Davidson, L. Building Long-Term Support for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Programs - 1995) higheredcenter.ed.gov Successful Environmental Management Are you presently utilizing environment strategies to solve your AOD problems? If not do you plan to implement in the future? Your success will be determined by selecting the right strategies according to your needs assessment. NOW – JUST DO IT!! Three Spheres of Action “Campus-Community-State” p , y Other Campus, Community and State Initiatives from Audience What are the Challenges? What are the Solutions? What Resources are Needed?
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