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					ALCOHOLISM
WHAT IS ALCOHOLISM?
 A disease that causes a person to lose control of
  his or her drinking behavior.
 Person is both physically and emotionally
  addicted to alcohol.
     An alcoholic craves alcohol
     An alcoholic also suffers painful physical symptoms
      with they don’t have alcohol
                 STATISTICS
 18 million Americans are alcoholics
 11 million children currently live in a home with
  an alcoholic
 20% of adults have lived with an alcoholic at
  some point while growing up
 About half of all American adults have some
  family history of alcoholism
 75% of domestic violence cases involve alcohol
WARNING SIGNS OF ALCOHOLISM:
 Drinking to deal with anger, frustration, and
  disappointment
 Changing friends, personal habits, and interests

 Being defensive about drinking

 Feeling depressed

 Drinking more for the same high (tolerance)

 Drinking alone

 Drinking to get drunk

 Experiencing memory lapses as a result of
  drinking
RISK FACTORS OF ALCOHOLISM:
   Age
       Teens who start drinking before 15 are 4 times more
        likely to become an alcoholic
   Social Environment
       Peer pressure, advertising, and desire to fit in can
        influence a person’s decision to drink
   Genetics
     Alcoholism tends to run in families
     Male children of alcoholic fathers have a 25% risk of
      becoming alcoholic
   Risk-taking Personality
       Impulsive personalities add to the risk of alcoholism
STAGES OF ALCOHOLISM …
   PROBLEM DRINKING
       Drinker cannot drink alcohol in moderation or at
        appropriate times
   TOLERANCE
       Drinker needs more alcohol to produce the same
        effect
   DEPENDENCE
       Drinker’s body needs alcohol to function normally
   ALCOHOLISM - ADDICTION
       Drinker has lost control of his or her drinking
        behavior
FAMILY ROLES:

 Victim – chemically dependent person
 Chief Enabler – closet emotionally to victim

 Scapegoat – problem child

 Family Hero – caretaker of the family

 Lost Child – forgotten child




**Not ALL of these roles necessarily will be seen in
  every family with an alcoholic, however most
  often family members will take on a role.
TREATING AN ALCOHOLIC …
 Individual will likely go through withdrawal
 Need support from family/friends

 Treatment programs
       Inpatient and outpatient programs
       Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
       Al-Anon – designed to help give advice to the family
        members of alcoholics
       Alateen – specifically designed to help teens cope
        with an alcoholic in their family
       Check the phone book or internet for local agencies
        that can provide help

				
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posted:7/12/2012
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