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					RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project




   Project Title                           :   Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project (RIIP-2)

   Agency                                  :   Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of LGRD&C, Bangladesh

   Date of Update:                         :   June 2012                      Date of Submission: July 2012

   Timeframe                               :   December 2006 to June 2013

   Gender Category                         :   GEN

                                           :
   Project Impact                          :   Reduce Rural Poverty through sustainable economic growth, rural development
                                               and improved infrastructure

   Project outcome                         :    1) Enhanced accessibility to basic services, 2) Increased farm income,
                                               3)Enhanced women’s empowerment, 4) Improved local governance and
                                               5)Increased LGED capacity to undertake projects


   Whether there is a Gender Action Plan: Yes

   Is there a Gender Specialist: There was a Gender specialist till September 30, 2011 supported by TA co-financed by GIZ.

   If not, how gender mainstreaming is supported: A gender focal point has been selected within the project who has been coordinating the
   implementation of GAP.




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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

   RIIP-2 GENDER ACTION PLAN (GAP)

   Features of Gender
       Activities, Indicators and Targets,         Progress to date                                                              Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
   1. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS
   Increase participation of both women UP  114 MMCs activated with 2 women members each (at least                           Training for the remaining 4 FSOs
   members (FM) and female shop owners (FSO) one FSO and concerned woman UP member)                                           selection board is under process.
   in 60% of MMC meetings and activities             FSOs are represented in Traders’ Association of 114
                                                      markets .
   Include at least one FSO in Traders’ Association

   Awareness raising of MMC members on                  Training/coaching for members of 114 MMCs completed.
   management and maintenance and ensuring               Contents incorporated issues for awareness on management
   water and sanitation facilities in the markets to     and maintenance of sanitation facilities.
   facilitate long term stay of women                   Members of 36 FSO selection boards were oriented on this
                                                         issue
   Ensure clean and operational toilets and water       Toilets and water facilities established in 114 markets and in
   facilities in 114 markets and 40 WMS                  40 WMS
                                                        122 FSOs oriented on cleanliness and maintenance

   Orient responsible UP committees and Upazila         3536 FSO selection boards established (8 members each            The establishment and training of the
   Market Management Committees (UMMC) to                with at least 2 women)                                           rest of 4 selection board are under
   ensure transparent procedure, open declaration       248 FSOs have been selected by FSO selection boards.             process.
   of selection and permanent running of shops by       26 WMS improved under RIIP-2 copies of agreements are
   female owners.                                        available with the respective FSO and in LGED Upazila office     .
   Establish 40 WMS and allocate shops for 308          36 WMS with 280 284 shops have been completed.
   312 FSO for business.                                151 195 FSOs( 20-26 WMS) have started their businesses


   Selection of NGOs for imparting training to  Contract signed with Bangladesh Small & Cottage Industries               Only 122 FSOs have received
   FSOs, prepare curriculum by selected NGOs to Training Institute (BSCITI) for conducting TOT on business                business skill training out of 308 312
   improve skills of FSOs on ‘Shop Management’ skills for NGOs                                                            FSOs because the contract with GIZ
   and ‘WMS Management”. Provide business skill  14 NGOs contracted for conducting business skills training              for training was ended on
   training to 308 312 FSOs.                      for FSOs                                                                September 30, 2011.
                                                 I TOT manual and 1 training book prepared
                                                 122 FSOs have received trainings on business skills & shop              The remaining 190 FSOs will be
                                                                                                                          trained on business skill
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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                              Progress to date                              Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
                                                     management and WMS maintenance                               development


   Support the FSOs by establishing linkages and  During their business skill training of FSOs discussions       FSOs got access to credit facilities
   negotiate credit conditions with microfinance conducted on how to seek credit from MFIs.                       from ASA and other NGOs
   institution (MFI) for credit.                  Also the topic was included in FSO selection board
                                                   orientation and MMC training

   Motivate market lessees and MMCs to allocate  Discussions to earmark 15% of market space for women in         Information on number of women
   15% space in open shades for women vendors      open sheds held during MMC training                            using open shades is yet to be
   Motivate poor women to use open sheds for  Posters and leaflets printed and distributed to union              collected 10-12 women sell their
   selling their products and create an access for parishads, GC-hat bazaars, WMSs, UZPs and districts for        product twice a week (on hat day).
   them to the mainstream of rural economy.        conducting information campaign
   Address women’s safety issues on traffic safety  Awareness on traffic safety addressed through 10 different
   principles in public awareness campaigns, road safety related booklets, handbills, posters, billboards,
   develop material e.g. posters, handbills for cinema slides, radio talks etc
   dissemination                                    Road safety issues incorporated during LCS fundamental
                                                     training for 2,508 women
                                                    Incorporated as topic for UP training.719 batches(61 batch
                                                     all secretary+57 batch all chairman+ 601 batch all men and
                                                     women member and 136 batches all newly elected chairmen
                                                     and women member and total=855 batches per batch 36
                                                     participants total 1832 union parishad.
      2   STRENGTHENING OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNANCE
   Develop UPCs as venue for development  In 384 UP meetings, in 126 UP scheme selection sessions,
   purposes benefiting women (records in the UP in 335 UPs in role and responsibilities session awareness
   Resolution Book) and to promote women’s raised to utilize UPCs by different organisations benefiting
   participation in development                  women’s development
                                                Coaching imparted to 229 UPs to consider women’s priorities
                                                 and opinions(672 women & 1,840 Men)
                                                Promotion of UPC by celebrating IWD 2009 in 14 Unions,
                                                 IWD 2010 in 38 Unions and IWD 2011 in 39 unions also
                                                 additional 6 UPs celebrated IWD on their own initiatives.



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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                               Progress to date                                Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
   Advice UPs and include women in community-         All members including women members of 89 UP received
   based earthen road maintenance and to ensure        coaching on Earthen Village Road Maintenance and
   their timely payment                                employment of women in tree care taking and in Sustainable
                                                       Flood Damage Rehabilitation

                                                                                                                     Exact number is not known
   Enhance participation of women UP members in  Women are involved in standing committee in all 1,832 UPs          Women’s capacity is not enough for
   UP   Governance       through  the   standing and 1/3 participation of women is compulsory                         effective participation
   committees    and     Project  Implementation  One third of PICs are chaired by women as per rule.               At present Awareness building
   Committees (PIC).                              Standing committee formed & participated by women                  through IS training is going on for
                                                   members in 407 UP out of 450 sample UPs                            newly elected UP chairman &
                                                                                                                      female member UP management
                                                                                                                      training
   Arrange orientation program for 5,496 women  All women UP members of 450 sample UPs received training
   UP members on gender and their role in on their roles and responsibilities
   implementation of GAP within UP activities   Coaching has been done for women UP members of 450
                                                 sample UPs
                                                2,754 women UP members and 3 women Chairperson
                                                 oriented in 102 batches as of May 2012
   Arrange training/coaching on the gender issues  Women UP member of 450 sample UPs received training
   to improve UP chairmen’s and members’                 and coaching
   understanding of their role and responsibilities in  Conducted 719 batches of UP Management Training for
   increasing women’s participation as change            25,648 Chairmen, members and secretaries of 1,832 unions
   agents in UP planning and activities                  where gender issues were discussed
                                                        UP management training for 136 batches completed ( per
                                                         batch 9 Chairman and 27 women UP members).
                                                        1079 Chairman including 6 women chairman out of 1224
                                                         and 3278 women UP members out of 3672, got training.

   Develop materials/manuals as required, for         3 materials/ manuals developed.
   partner NGOs’ orientation on RIIP-2 objectives,    22 partner NGOs trained on gender issues.
   activities, GAP and their roles in RIIP-2          TOT on IGA was done in 12 batches for 22 NGOs(110
   implementation                                      participants - 66 women and 44 men)
                                                      TOT on Business skill was done in 4 batches for 14 NGOs

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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                                 Progress to date                           Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
                                                        (53 women from NGOs & 4 men from LGED participated)
                                                       Total 36 NGOs & 167 persons (48 men & 119 women)
                                                        received TOT on gender issues during Fundamental Training
                                                        and received TOT on IGA.
                                                      
   Improve collaboration with the nation building      229 sessions with Union Development Coordination
   departments for services                             Committees conducted
   3 IMPROVEMENT OF RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT (RIMM)
   Recruit female personnel in various positions in    50 women staff out of a total of 691 are employed at
   the project where feasible to increase               different levels of RIIP-2
   participation of women in RIIP-2 as change
   agents.
   Conduct GAD related training of trainers (TOT)      4 TOTs were done on business skills ( 53 persons from
   to selected LGED staff to develop gender-            NGO and 4 persons from LGED).
   specific training capacity within RIIP-2.           12 TOTs (Fundamental) were done for 110 persons from
                                                        NGOs and 180 persons from LGED(160 men 20 women)
                                                        participated.
                                                       163 (44 men 119 women) from 36 NGOs and 184 (164 men
                                                        and 20 women) person from LGED attended
   Sensitize and train all RIIP-2 staff at PMO,        3 manuals/ handouts prepared
   regional, district and Upazila offices in the       31 orientations for all LGED and RIIP-2 staff on Gender and
   project area on GAD concept and GAD issues           Development were conducted for 779 participants (754 men
   related to RIIP-2 and their own work                 25 women).
   responsibilities.                                   Training with a gender session in all RIIP-2 and TC LO/AO
                                                        were conducted as well as in refresher training.
   Develop the capacity of RIIP-2 women staffs by  25 women and 754 men joined LGED staff training
   including them in all scheduled LGED training    programme
   courses under RIIP-2
   Provide orientation to the supervisors and COs      All supervisors and COs in RIIP-2 and concerned LGED staff
   to increase their competence to support LCS          have received gender training on LCS support.
   women at work and in personal development.          COs participated in training to support LCS.



                                                                             5
RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                                 Progress to date                          Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
   Create employment opportunities for                 89 UPs were motivated to recruit women in LCS for TP on
   disadvantaged and vulnerable poor women for          earthen roads during coaching
   off-pavement road maintenance (RM) and tree         194 women employed for tree plantation resulting in 18,501
   plantation/caretaking (TP) for a limited period.     women days in 2010.
                                                       943 women trained and employed in sustainable flood
                                                        damage rehabilitation schemes

   Support forming capital by facilitating forced      2,508 LCS women received fundamental awareness training
   savings in the individual bank account of LCS        where banking and forced saving was discussed
   women for self-employment after the end of the      Around 90% LCS women have forced (tk. 36 per day) and
   LCS contract.                                        individual savings at their nearest bank
                                                       The range of savings is tk. 5,000 to tk. 35,000
   Ensure LCS women’s access to resources from  2,508 LCS women received training where deed entitlement
   tree caretaking and orient them on the contents was discussed
   of the deeds & their deed entitlement
   Provide training to LCS women regarding off-        2,508 LCS women received training on road maintenance,
   pavement road maintenance, earthen roads             earthen roads improvement works and tree plantation/
   improvement works and tree plantation/               caretaking
   caretaking on improved paved roads in all
   Upazila/Union under RIIP-2

   Provide awareness and group building training       Fundamental awareness and group building issues
   to LCS members to create group cohesion,             incorporated in LCS training and 2,508 LCS women oriented.
   promote women’s empowerment and
   awareness.

   Engage and train NGOs to support LCS women          Bangladesh Small Cottage Industry Training Institute
                                                        (BSCITI) conducted 4 TOT courses on business skill for 14
                                                        partner NGOs to train 2,508 LCS women
   Support LCS women in getting involved in            233 no. of LCS women received IGA training by the
   income generating activities in the first six        contracted NGOs
   months after LCS contract termination

   Provide signature and business skills training      1,527 LCS women received business skill, signature and
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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                                Progress to date                                  Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
   and improve counting of LCS women                  counting capacity training
   4 SUPPORT TO RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENT UNDER RIIP-2 FINANCIAL COOPERATION
   Involve 1/3 women during participatory meetings  43 stakeholder meetings for participatory road selection were
   for earthen road selection with the stakeholders conducted where 1/3 participation of women was ensured (
   and beneficiaries                                 6,900 women in 23 districts)

   Ensure affected women’s and women UP              As land acquisition was dropped the question of UP women
   members’ participation in land acquisition and     members’ participation does not arise.
   resettlement activities.

   Ensure all infrastructure design to address       Designed and marked separate toilet and water facilities for
     women’s needs.                                   women vendors and buyers at a congenial site as per LGED
   Target:                                            standards at GC & rural markets.
       - 55UP Complexes                              Allocated & constructed 31 separate Women Market
      - Completed 51                                  Sections (4- 12 shops) with water and sanitation facilities as
      - 40 WMSs completed 36 WMS                      per LGED standards in GCM and hat bazaars.
      - 114 GCMs completed 81                        Separate sitting rooms with toilet facilities for women UP
                                                      members in UP complexes

   Discuss proposed complaint, oversight and                                                                           It is discarded during midterm review
   redress procedure with LGED on resettlement.                                                                        mission 2011.

   Motivate            selected         contractors  94 awarded contractors were motivated to introduce gender-
   to engage local women labourers and ex LCS specific/ women friendly conditions through training
   members, and to pay equal wage for equal work  Several field visits were held at construction sites to ensure
   to women and men. Also orient to ensure women labour’s safety, security, drinking water, separate
   women-friendly working environment (safety, toilet, shed for resting and lunch facilities
   security, drinking water, separate toilets, shed
   for resting and lunch).
   Target: 6038215 labour for all construction site 1594088 women have been engaged in contruction site by this
   1811464 women                                      period.
                                                     30% women laborers were employed in all construction.
   Target: 91176 LCS labour in Earthen road and
   tree plantation 27353 women                      24070 women have been employed in earthen and tree
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RIIP-2 Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project

       Activities, Indicators and Targets,                             Progress to date                             Issues and Challenges
        Timeframe and Responsibility
                                                    plantation.


   MONITORING AND REPORTING
   Prepare gender oriented Project Benefit  Sex disaggregated PBME structure developed
   Monitoring and Evaluation (PBME) report and  PBME surveys and all reports include sex disaggregated
   monitor GAP implementation on a regular basis data
   with sex disaggregated data.                  All data/information collected reflect women’s perception

   Baseline and follow-up surveys take perception  Women’s opinion and perception duly incorporated in PBME   Still needs improvement in this area
   and opinion of a sizeable number of women into surveys and in all periodic reports.                         and the project is taking some steps.
   consideration to assess women’s perception on
   project impacts, particularly from women
   heading households



   Comments/Remarks: The Project Gender Action Plan implementation was being supported by GIZ Technical Assistance Team. The
   implemenattion has been suffering since September 30, 2011 as the term of the GIZ team has been completed. A gender focal point
   has been identified who is coordinating the implementation. Field level support for GAP implementaion is limited now due to not having
   staff or TA provisions.


   Accomplished by :     _____________________________________

   Date Accomplished : _____________________________________




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