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					Elements of Culture
      ALDWN
        Elements of Culture
I. 7 Elements of Culture
  A. by definition, culture is: _ way of life
      shared by a group of people and
     passed from generation to generation _
        includes: _ ways people live, think,
           believe, & feel; made up of
           norms & values of a given group
           of people _
  B. the 7 elements are things that all cultures
      have in common no matter how complex
      or simple and include the following …
    Elements of Culture
              What is it?
geography
              its geographic location
                (absolute & relative)

              where culture is
                 LOCATED

              “KEY element” of
                culture
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?


affects a culture’s
  customs & traditions
influences what they value
   or worship
environment affects
   physical adaptations:
   color of skin, eyes, etc.
melanin: __ pigment in
  skin that allows
   darker/lighter color __
          Elements of Culture
economy based on what
  resources are available

housing, clothing worn,
  architecture

agriculture: what is grown
  & eaten

transportation, recreation
  communication
        Elements of Culture
social organization   What is it?



                      based on a hierarchy:
                        order of “importance”
                        within a given society;
                        social pyramid

                      notice:
                        few at top
                        most at bottom
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?


affects who has MOST of the
   power
influences $$$ earned,
   educational level, job,
   possessions, skills
affects family lineage
patrilineal: __male dominated__
matrilineal: _female dominated_
       Elements of Culture
customs & traditions   What is it?

                       by definition, the rules
                         of behavior based on
                         & within a specific
                         culture
                       customs you do almost
                         without thinking
                       unwritten rules that
                         keep behavior “in line”
                         including taboos or
                         behaviors that are
                         __ forbidden__
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?


ex: celebrations & holidays
  such as:
     Easter, Passover, Bat
       Mitzvahs
       weddings
    fireworks @ 4th of July
kosher food
all rites of passage:
        baptism
        communion
      Elements of Culture
arts & literature   What is it?



                    “record keeper” of
                      society
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?

myths, legends & sagas
oral/written stories,
  books, plays, & poems
music
artifacts: tools left
  behind, used by humans
architecture
jewelry
monuments, statues,
  sculpture & paintings
     Elements of Culture
government &   What is it?


 economics     the backbone or
                 support (structure)
                 of a culture
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?

borrows from customs &
  traditions
affects culture’s/region’s/
  country’s occupation, & $
*the MORE COMPLEX
  the culture, the more
  complex its economy
  & government are
barter: to exchange for
  goods/services w/o $
monetary:
  _economic/financial_
      Elements of Culture
language        What is it?


                way of communicating to
                  the rest of the culture
                way of handing down
                  information from
                  generation to generation
                often is considered THE
                  “cornerstone” of a
                  culture
                the carrier of a culture
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?


different dialects
slang
written language incl.
   hieroglyphics
  Greek alphabet
  cuneiform

sign language
      Elements of Culture
religion
                What is it?




                the heart & soul of a
                  culture
             Elements of Culture
What does it affect/do/influence?
What are some examples?


rules of behavior
usually does not change much
   over the years…
guides people by giving them
   hope & guidance along the
   way
unwavering belief in an idea,
  faith or devotion
beliefs are usually very personal

				
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posted:7/12/2012
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