PowerPoint Presentation by q6S4a6Vq

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 40

									Can EMu be used as a
tool for pest
management?
Dave Smith
Petrology Curator


European EMu Users Meeting, 2-3rd
June 2008
What is Pest Management?
• Implementation of
  protocols and procedure
• Programme of monitoring
• Reaction to situations
• Proactive action
• Applicable to all
  collections consisting
  of soft furnishings,
  natural fibres, and
  animal pelts & skeletons
• Universally applicable




• Prevent Pest damage
  to collections
Monitoring
• Sticky pest traps
• Pheromone traps
• Fortnightly –
  monthly
• Database
• Analysis
• Reporting
Total insects caught during
        2003 Beetle Indicato
summer Adult
            Beetle   larva   r        Moth   non-pest
 10/04/20
       03      10        0       11      1      24
 24/04/20
       03      6        2        9       1      39
 08/05/20
       03      10       2        6       0      37
 22/05/20
       03      8        2        9       1      33
 05/06/20
       03      12       4        14      0      34
 19/06/20
       03      17       1        15      0      39
 03/07/20
       03      16       9        14      0      41
 17/07/20
       03      17       5        9       0      51
 31/07/20
       03      7        8        14      2      41
 14/08/20
       03      25       9        23      1      56
       Total insects caught during
       summer 2003
120

100

 80                                                                                  non-pest
                                                                                     Moth
 60                                                                                  I ndicator
                                                                                     Beetle larva
 40                                                                                  Adult Beetle

 20

  0
                  ay

                           ay
     pr

            pr




                                   n

                                           n




                                                                         ug

                                                                                ug
                                                   l

                                                           l

                                                                   l
                                                -Ju

                                                        -Ju

                                                                -Ju
                                -Ju

                                        -Ju
   -A

          -A

                 -M

                       -M




                                                                       -A

                                                                              -A
                                               03

                                                       17

                                                               31
                            05

                                       19
  10

       24




                                                                    14

                                                                          28
             08

                      22
     Total beetles caught during
     summer 2003
30

25
                              Unidentified beetle
20                            Thylodrias contractus
                              Stegobium paniceum
15                            Niptus hololeucus
                              Lasioderma serricorne
10                            Attagenus smirnovi
                              Anthrenus sarnicus
 5

 0
         n

         n

          l

          l

 14 l
 22 y
       ay
        pr

 08 r




       ug

       ug
      -Ju

      -Ju

      -Ju
        p




     -Ju

     -Ju
       a
     -A

     -A

    -M

    -M




    -A

    -A
   03

   17

   31
  05

  19
10

  24




 28
Guernsey carpet beetle

• Anthrenus sarnicus
Total carpet beetle caught during summer
2003
 18
16
14
12
10                                                                           Beetle larva
 8                                                                           Adult Beetle

 6
 4
 2
 0
                         n


                                 n


                                         l


                                                 l


                                                         l
      ay


                ay




                                                                ug


                                                                        ug
                                      -Ju


                                              -Ju


                                                      -Ju
                      -Ju


                              -Ju
  -M


            -M




                                                              -A


                                                                      -A
                                     03


                                             17


                                                     31
                     05


                             19




                                                             14


                                                                     28
 08


           22
     Comparison of data year
     on year        2003
                         18
                         16
• Comparison of          14
                         12
  numbers                10
                          8
  – Comparable            6
                          4
                          2
• Comparison of           0

  patterns




                                                                                      ug

                                                                                              ug
                                                                l

                                                                        l

                                                                                l
                               ay

                                       ay


                                                n

                                                        n

                                                              Ju

                                                                      Ju

                                                                              Ju
                                             -Ju

                                                     -Ju
                          -M

                                    -M




                                                                                    -A

                                                                                            -A
                                                               -

                                                                       -

                                                                               -
                                                            03

                                                                    17

                                                                            31
                                            05

                                                    19




                                                                                   14

                                                                                           28
                         08

                                  22
  – Similar             16
                        14          2004
  – Peak offset by ~2   12

    weeks               10
                         8
                         6
                         4
                         2
                         0




                                                ul

                                                ul


                                         12 l
                             ay

                                    ay

                                               un

                                               un




                                               ug

                                               ug
                                                u
                                              -J

                                              -J

                                              -J
                                             -J

                                             -J
                          -M

                                 -M




                                            -A

                                            -A
                                           01

                                           15

                                           29
                                          03

                                          17




                                         26
                        06

                               20
        Distribution of carpet beetle by
        trap in 2003
        6

        5

        4
Count




                                                          Adult larva
        3
                                                          Adult Beetle

        2

        1

        0
            B06 B11 B14 B27 B31 B47 B50 B53 B56 B59 B62
                            Trap Number
What if…….

• …we could plot this data on the
  plans of the Museum?
• …we could query the data and see the
  results displayed on the plans?
• …we could display data for the same
  time period, but from different
  years to analyse for seasonal
  patterns?
• WE CAN….
The Object Locator
Query display

• Query the familiar EMu interface
• Show traps where
  – between 1st April & 31st August 2003
  – Species = Anthrenus sp.
  – Lifestage = larva
  – Total in any trap >= 2
View details

• 3 traps
selected
• 5 records
found
• List
   – Summary          Summary Data         IRN     X      Y    Z

     data         B56; Anthrenus
                  sarnicus; Adult
                                          10975   50.3
                                                  4
                                                         57.
                                                         8
                                                               2.0

                  Beetle; 4; 19/06/2003

   – Record IRN   B56; Anthrenus
                  sarnicus; Adult
                                          45682   50.3
                                                  4
                                                         57.
                                                         8
                                                               2.0

                  Beetle; 2; 17/07/2003
   – X-Y-Z        B43: Anthrenus
                  sarnicus; Adult
                                          13986   94.3
                                                  1
                                                         57.
                                                         8
                                                               2.0

                  Beetle; 2; 17/07/2003
• Hyperlink to    B62: Anthrenus          15762   62.8   76.   2.0
                  sarnicus; Adult                 8      1
details           Beetle; 3; 03/07/2003
                  B62: Anthrenus          14986   62.8   76.   2.0
How does it work?

• Bitmap of museum plans
• Define X-Y-Z grid system for
  building
How does it work?

Z

    Y




                    X
How does it work?

• Bitmap of museum plans
• Define X-Y-Z grid system for
  building
• Each trap has a unique X-Y-Z co-
  ordinate
• Each trap is given a Location record
  into which this X-Y-Z co-ordinate is
  recorded
Pest Trap Location – in the
building
Pest Trap Location – on the
Object Locator
Where is the data stored?
• A single Tab is all that is required.
• It might be best placed in the Conservation
  Module.
• Minimum data fields (as defined by
  Pest.net)
  – Trap Number
  – Type of trap
  – Location
  – Date checked
  – Species
  – Life stage
  – Quantity
Possible Pest Tab
Can EMu be used as Pest Management
tool?
• To some extent…….
• For plotting pest trapping data in
  the spatial context of the building.
• For simple analysis of trends and
  patterns
• For communicating issues to
  management
Limitations

• Symbology
Anthrenus larvae greater than 2
Total insects caught during
summer 2003




                              Adult Beetle
                              Beetle larva
                              I ndicator
                              Moth
                              non-pest
Limitations

• Symbology
• Temporal trends
                                     Combining Dimensional
                                     data
18
16
14
                                                                                 Temporal data
12
10
 8
 6
 4
 2
 0
                                                                                                   Spatial data
                         n



                                 n



                                         l



                                                 l



                                                         l
      ay



                ay




                                                                ug



                                                                        ug
                                      -Ju



                                              -Ju



                                                      -Ju
                      -Ju



                              -Ju
     -M



            -M




                                                              -A



                                                                      -A
                                     03



                                             17



                                                     31
                     05



                             19




                                                             14



                                                                     28
 08



           22




                                                                             6

                                                                             5

                                                                             4

                                                                             3

                                                                             2

                                                                             1

                                                                             0

Visualisation                                                                    B06   B11   B14   B27   B31   B47   B50   B53   B56   B59   B62
Spatial comparison of Anthrenus
The NHM’s Vision
• More to pest management than pest trapping
• Monitoring of collection store environments
  (T/h)
  – Association of certain species with
    environmental conditions
  – Room (ambient)  cupboard/drawer 
    container
  – Relocate specimens according to
    suitability to the environment
• Monitoring of changes to building
  infrastructure
  – E.g. cabling opening up ‘superhighways’
   Environmental monitoring data
                          Loggers around the museum show us
                          temperature and humidity readings
                          which may indicate where insects could
                          become a problem or are already a
                          problem but we can’t see it yet!




Humidity   Temperature
  blue         red




 Equally, areas of high insect activity
 could indicate environmental problems!
Temperature - humidity
modelling
               Trap with Anthrenus
                   Beetle >= 2




   Sensor
Conclusion

• Pest Management is universal
• Visualisation is a powerful tool
  – Monitoring
  – Communication
• Can EMu be used as a pest management
  tool?

                    YES!
• Object Locator provides platform for
  spatial visualisation
Conclusion

• EMu development wishlist
  – Customisable symbology
    •Report type?
  – Ability to observe temporal data
    on the plans
    •AVI export?
  – Seamless link to environmental
    data sources
    •Statistics Module?
Questions?

								
To top