Quick Reference Guide Airport Consultants by jennyyingdi

VIEWS: 234 PAGES: 122

									Quick
Reference
Guide
 for
Airport
Consultants
  Special thanks to Don Bergin, Chairman
  of ACC’s Marketing and Membership
  Committee with Blast Deflectors, Inc.,
  for initiating this project and compiling
  much of its content, and Pam Keidel-
  Adams of Wilbur Smith Associates, and
  Susan Prediger of CAGE, Inc., for helping
  to make the guide possible.




  Printing costs for this book are sponsored
  by Safegate Airport Systems, Inc.




The information in this document is provided for reference purposes only and is under no
circumstances to be construed as completely accurate or up to date. ACC and the authors
of this document disclaim any and all liability for damages or losses of any kind, including
direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages, and attorneys’ fees or
costs, arising out of or relating to any use of any information in this document. Users are
cautioned to verify data with appropriate sources at the time utilized.
Table of Contents

ACC IntroduCtIon
Letter from ACC President � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 5
ACC Resources � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 6

Common ACronyms
Common Acronyms � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 13

FAA AdvIsory CIrCulArs
Select FAA Advisory Circulars � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 23
Excerpts from FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-13 � � � � � � � � � � 27

AIrport detAIls
Airport Codes, United States � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �    �   �   �   37
Airport Codes, Canada � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �   �   �   �   42
Total Passengers, North American Airports 2007 Final � � � � �          �   �   �   44
Total Aircraft Operations, North American Airports 2007 Final           �   �   �   45
Total Cargo, North American Airports 2007 Final � � � � � � � �         �   �   �   46
Diagrams of the 25 Busiest US Airports � � � � � � � � � � � � � �      �   �   �   47

AIrCrAFt InFo
Aircraft Dimensions & Designations � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 75
       AIRBUS 75
       BAE 76
       BOEING 77
       BOMBARDIER 78
       EMBRAER 78
       MILITARY 79
       MISC� COMMERCIAL 79
       GENERAL AVIATION 80
Aircraft Service Connections � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 82
Active Fleets for Major North American Airlines >> July 2008� � � � 98

Key ContACts
Contact Information >> FAA Regional Offices � � � � � � � � � � � � 103
Contact Information >> Airport Associations � � � � � � � � � � � � � 104

mIsCellAneous
International Air Transport Association Airline Designations � � � � 109
Airport Cooperative Research Program � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 114
Freedoms of the Air � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 118
ACC IntroduCtIon




                   3
letter From ACC presIdent




During the past thirty years the Airport Consultants
Council has evolved into the most recognized technical expert
voice of airport development. While many things have changed
since 1978, ACC’s strength has always been the foresight,
innovation, and dedication of its members. We have created this
Quick Reference Guide for Airport Consultants as a token of our
appreciation for making ACC a success over the past thirty years.

This guide will hopefully serve as a quick, all-inclusive reference
source for the members of ACC. It is full of relevant aircraft
and airport statistics and industry information, packed in a size
small enough to fit in the smallest carry-on. This should be an
invaluable resource for airport consultants and suppliers who are
always on the go.

The ACC staff appreciates those who helped make this guide
possible. We encourage all who use the Quick Reference Guide
to contact ACC with suggestions, amendments, or additions.

Sincerely,




Paula P. Hochstetler
President, Airport Consultants Council
November, 2008




                                                                      5
                             ACC resourCes




    Guidelines to Selecting
    Airport Consultants
     Member firms of the Airport Consultants Council assist airport sponsors, agencies and
     airlines in developing airport facilities. Airport consultants provide technical advice and
     services to sponsors on the development, improvement, and expansion of airports, and
     they are very knowledgeable in their respective areas of expertise.
    Airport project sponsors are encouraged to consider the following guidelines when procur-
    ing consultants services.

     FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS
    Federal regulations require a Qualifications Based Selection (QBS) process for selecting
    consultants for projects funded entirely or partially with FAA Airport Improvement Program
    (AIP) funds. This includes consultant selection and procurement by sponsors, States, and
    the FAA’s regional Airports Divisions. The current version of FAA Advisory Circular (AC)
    150/5100-14 entitled Architectural, Engineering, and Planning Consultant
    Services for Airport Grant Projects provides guidance for the consultant selection
    process.
     The Advisory Circular states that, “Consultants must be engaged on the basis of their quali-
     fications and experience, with fees determined through negotiations following selection.”
     In fact, the request for fees or costs during the selection process is considered by FAA
     to be contrary to Federal law, even if requested in a separate sealed envelope. The term
    “fees and costs” also includes items from which costs may be inferred such as man-hour
     requirements and hourly rates. The Advisory Circular spells out the selection procedure in
     detail. The Airport Consultants Council fully endorses the Qualifications Based Selection
     (QBS) procedure.
    Airport sponsors and all other parties involved are encouraged to familiarize themselves
    with the Advisory Circular.

    WHEN YOU NEED A CONSULTANT
       » Review your project to determine what is required and expected of the consultant.
         Identify goals and objectives of the project. Develop a scope of services or set of
         specifications describing the need.
       » Determine the services offered by consultants in this directory or other reputable
         sources. To ensure the broadest publicity in obtaining consultant services, public an-
         nouncements should be advertised in local newspapers with a wide circulation and
         national trade journals, magazines and other resources such as ACC Outlook.
       » Announcements should include a description of the proposed project and its location,
         a description of the services, the project schedule, selection criteria, and the esti-
         mated range of construction costs. The public announcement should allow at least
         three weeks for submission of the statement of qualifications.


6
WHAT TO CONSIDER
  » The particular relevant experience and ability of each consultant to meet the requirements
    of the assignment. Only the previous experience of the company’s proposed personnel
    should be considered.
  » Past performance of each company in similar projects. It is important to call and talk with
    previous clients.
  » Previous record of each company in completing assignments on time and within budget.
  » The overall resources of each company and the depth of personnel available for your project.
THE REFERENCE CHECK
The reference check is most important. You should determine the following about each con-
sulting company that you are considering:
  »   What are the backgrounds of the principals and key staff?
  »   What kind of clients has the company served?
  »   How long has the company been in business?
  »   How much of the company’s business is for repeat clients?
  »   How much time will principals of the company devote to the project?
THE SELECTION PROCESS
  » Select a committee or panel to establish a well-defined scoring system and rate the
    Statements of Qualifications (SOQs).
  » Rank each short-listed company based on your own qualifications-based selection criteria.
  » Select a small number of short-listed companies (approximately three firms) to submit
    proposals. If more input is necessary, personal interviews are appropriate. Allow each
    company to visit your facility prior to submitting their qualification, if desired.
  » Avoid elaborate proposal requirements and interviews, when possible. These add con-
    siderably to the selection process cost, both to you and the consultants.
  » Enter into negotiations with respect to the project scope of work, level of effort, sched-
    ule and fees with the top-ranked company. Have the selected consultant prepare a
    detailed work scope and corresponding fee estimate to be used in contract negotiations.
  » Select a fee basis that is mutually acceptable to you and your consultant that reflects
    the conditions and value of the assignment. Customary fee plans include: lump sum,
    time and materials, cost plus fixed fee, per diem with upset limit and retainer. Complete
    an independent fee estimate for professional services in accordance with the current
    version of AC 150/5100-14 before negotiating a professional services contract.
  » Avoid broad form indemnification language in contracts since it violates FAA regulations
    and jeopardizes federal eligibility for airport projects.
  » If, for whatever reason, you are unable to reach financial agreement with your selected
    company, negotiations may be terminated and begun with the next company on your list.
PROBLEMS TO AVOID
  » Lengthy selection process. Keep to a minimum the time between asking for qualifica-
    tions and making a final selection. Sixty days is a reasonable maximum.
  » Competition for the sake of competition. Don’t pre-select a favored company and then
    invite others so that a guise of competition is created. Next time, qualified companies
    may not respond.
  » Evaluating the technical competence of the consultant without having adequate techni-
    cal experience available for the screening committee.
  » Price competition on non-federally funded projects. Of course price is important. But it
    is more important to be sure that low prices are not based on low quality, poor perfor-
    mance, or a lack of experience or understanding of the project.
                                                                    Source: Airport Consultants Council


                                                                                                          7
    More Resources Available
    Online in the ACC Library
    www.ACConline.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Resources/ACCLibrary/default.htm


    AIRPORT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & SYSTEMS (IT&S)
    BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES — 2008
    This document provides consultants with a broad understanding of design
    elements of information technology at airports, and can serve as a com-
    panion to FAA airport design advisory circulars, such as master planning
    and terminal design.

    IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF AIRPORT PROjECTS: ACC/FAA
    BEST PRACTICES — 2008
    The Best Practices document provides airport consultants and FAA staff
    guidelines on how to improve communications and relationships, with
    the overall goal of enhancing the airport project delivery process. The
    updated version contains new sections and enhancements, and has
    been structured to follow the development of an airport project. It is an
    important tool to help consultants and FAA navigate the complexities of
    improving our nation’s airports.

    FAA ADVISORY CIRCULAR 150/5100-14D — 2005
    Contracting for Planning, Architectural and Engineering Services
    This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for airport sponsors in the
    selection and engagement of architectural, engineering, and planning
    consultants. It also discusses services that normally would be included
    in an airport grant project, types of contracts for these services, contract
    format and provisions, and guidelines for determining the reasonableness
    of consultant fees.

    CONSULTANT TEAMING GUIDELINES — 2006
    These consultant teaming guidelines and checklist have been developed
    by the ACC to facilitate the consultant teaming process. Consultants are
    encouraged to use these guidelines and checklist to facilitate communi-
    cation among team members, particularly regarding each member’s roles
    and responsibilities, prior to initiating the pursuit of a project.

    AIRPORT OWNER’S GUIDE TO PROjECT DELIVERY METHODS — 2006
    This white paper presents a list of the widely used project delivery sys-
    tems (PDS) and offers guidance in selecting the most advantageous PDS.
    The document analyzes what conditions influence project success and


8
discusses the types of project conditions for which each PDS is most ap-
plicable and offers the greatest potential to deliver a successful project.

CONSTRUCTION RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE — 2003
Developed by the Best Procurement Practice Committee, this document
summarizes several key benefits to an airport for engaging the profes-
sional services of a consultant for Construction Resident Representative.




                                                                              9
     Guidelines
     & Factsheets
     NAS IMPLEMENTATION FACTS
     This is the FAA’s National Airspace System fact sheet for implementation.

     TSA PLANNING GUIDELINES AND DESIGN STANDARDS FOR
     CHECKED BAGGAGE INSPECTION SYSTEMS
     Also known as the BSIS (Baggage Screening Investment Study) Guide-
     lines, these Guidelines were developed as an industry reference for air-
     port operators, airlines, planners, and designers who will be instrumental
     in implementing improved checked baggage screening systems. The
     focus is on in-line explosive detection systems.

     TSA RECOMMENDED SECURITY GUIDELINES FOR AIRPORT PLAN-
     NING DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION
     This document presents recommendations for incorporating sound secu-
     rity considerations into the planning, design, construction, and modifica-
     tion of security-related airport facilities and airport terminal buildings.

     TSA BIOMETRIC GUIDANCE FOR AIRPORT ACCESS
     This guidance package addresses biometrics for airport access control.
     Access control addresses the examination of one or more of three factors
     regarding an individual’s identity: something they know, something they
     have, or something they are. Biometrics is the field of technology devoted
     to identifying individuals using biological traits or “something they are.”




10
Common
ACronyms




           11
     Common ACronyms



A                                                 AFRES — Air Force Reserve Station
A/C — Aircraft                                    AFS — Airways Facilities Sector
A/G — Air to Ground                               AFSFO — AFS Field Office
A/H — Altitude/Height                             AFSFU — AFS Field Unit
AAC — Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center           AFSOU — AFS Field Office Unit (Standard is
AAF — Army Air Field                              AFSFOU)
AAI — Arrival Aircraft Interval                   AFSS — Automated Flight Service Station
AAP — Advanced Automation Program                 AFTN — Automated Fixed Telecommunications
AAR — Airport Acceptance Rate                     Network
ABDIS — Automated Data Interchange System         AGL — Above Ground Level
Service B                                         AID — Airport Information Desk
ACAIS — Air Carrier Activity Information System   AIG — Airbus Industries Group
ACAS — Aircraft Collision Avoidance System        AIM — Airman’s Information Manual
ACC — Airports Consultants Council                AIP — Airport Improvement Plan
ACC — Area Control Center                         AIRMET — Airmen’s Meteorological Information
ACCT — Accounting Records                         AIRNET — Airport Network Simulation Model
ACD — Automatic Call Distributor                  AIS — Aeronautical Information Service
ACDO — Air Carrier District Office                AIT — Automated Information Transfer
ACF — Area Control Facility                       ALP — Airport Layout Plan
ACFO — Aircraft Certification Field Office        ALS — Approach Lighting System
ACFT — Aircraft                                   ALSF1 — ALS with Sequenced Flashers I
ACI-NA — Airports Council International - North   ALSF2 — ALS with Sequenced Flashers II
America                                           ALSIP — Approach Lighting System Improvement
ACID — Aircraft Identification                    Plan
ACIP — Airport Capital Improvement Plan           ALTRV — Altitude Reservation
ACLS — Automatic Carrier Landing System           AMASS — Airport Movement Area Safety System
ACLT — Actual Landing Time Calculated             AMCC — ACF/ARTCC Maintenance Control Center
ACO — Office of Airports Compliance and Field     AMOS — Automated Meteorological Observation
Operations                                        Station
ACO — Aircraft Certification Office               AMP — ARINC Message Processor (OR) Airport
ACRP — Airport Cooperative Research Program       Master Plan
ADA — Air Defense Area                            AMVER — Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel
ADAP — Airport Development Aid Program            Rescue System
ADAS — AWOS Data Acquisition System               ANC — Alternate Network Connectivity
ADCCP — Advanced Data Communications Control      ANCA — Airport Noise and Capacity Act
Procedure                                         ANG — Air National Guard
ADDA — Administrative Data                        ANGB — Air National Guard Base
ADF — Automatic Direction Finding                 ANMS — Automated Network Monitoring System
ADI — Automatic De-Ice and Inhibitor              ANSI — American National Standards Group
ADIN — AUTODIN Service                            AOA — Air Operations Area
ADIZ — Air Defense Identification Zone            AP — Acquisition Plan
ADL — Aeronautical Data-Link                      APP — Approach
ADLY — Arrival Delay                              APS — Airport Planning Standard
ADO — Airline Dispatch Office                     AQAFO — Aeronautical Quality Assurance Field
ADP — Automated Data Processing                   Office
ADS — Automatic Dependent Surveillance            ARAC — Army Radar Approach Control (AAF)
ADSIM — Airfield Delay Simulation Model           ARAC — Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee
ADSY — Administrative Equipment Systems           ARCTR — FAA Aeronautical Center or Academy
ADTN — Administrative Data Transmission Network   ARF — Airport Reservation Function
ADTN2000 — Administrative Data Transmission       ARFF — Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting
Network 2000                                      ARINC — Aeronautical Radio, Inc.
ADVO — Administrative Voice                       ARLNO — Airline Office
AEG — Aircraft Evaluation Group                   ARO — Airport Reservation Office
AERA — Automated En-Route Air Traffic Control     ARP — Airport Reference Point
AEX — Automated Execution                         ARSA — Airport Service Radar Area
AF — Airway Facilities                            ARSR — Air Route Surveillance Radar
AFB — Air Force Base                              ARTCC — Air Route Traffic Control Center
AFIS — Automated Flight Inspection System         ARTS — Automated Radar Terminal System
AFP — Area Flight Plan                            ASAS — Aviation Safety Analysis System


                                                                                                  13
     ASC — AUTODIN Switching Center                     BRI — Basic Rate Interface
     ASCP — Aviation System Capacity Plan               BRITE — Bright Radar Indicator Terminal Equipment
     ASD — Aircraft Situation Display                   BRL — Building Restriction Line
     ASDA — Accelerate — Stop Distance Available        BUEC — Back— up Emergency Communications
     ASLAR — Aircraft Surge Launch And Recovery         BUECE — Back— up Emergency Communications
     ASM — Available Seat Mile                          Equipment
     ASP — Arrival Sequencing Program
     ASOS — Automatic Surface Observation System        C
     ASQP — Airline Service Quality Performance         CAA — Civil Aviation Authority
     ASR — Airport Surveillance Radar                   CAA — Clean Air Act
     ASTA — Airport Surface Traffic Automation          CAB — Civil Aeronautics Board
     ASV — Airline Schedule Vendor                      CARF — Central Altitude Reservation Facility
     AT — Air Traffic                                   CASFO — Civil Aviation Security Office
     ATA — Air Transport Association of America         CAT — Category
     ATAS — Airspace and Traffic Advisory Service       CAT — Clear — Air Turbulence
     ATCAA — Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace      CAU — Crypto Ancillary Unit
     AT&T — American Telephone and Telegraph            CBI — Computer Based Instruction
     AT&T ASDC — AT&T Agency Service Delivery Center    CCC — Communications Command Center
     AT&T CSA — AT&T Customer Support Associate         CCCC — Staff Communications
     ATC — Air Traffic Control                          CCCH — Central Computer Complex Host
     ATCBI — Air Traffic Control Beacon Indicator       CC&O — Customer Cost and Obligation
     ATCCC — Air Traffic Control Command Center         CCSD — Command Communications Service
     ATCO — Air Taxi Commercial Operator                Designator
     ATCRB — Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon           CCS7— NI — Communication Channel Signal-7 —
     ATCRBS — Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System   Network Interconnect
     ATCSCC — Air Traffic Control Systems Command       CCU — Central Control Unit
     Center                                             CD — Common Digitizer
     ATCT — Airport Traffic Control Tower               CDR — Cost Detail Report
     ATIS — Automated Terminal Information Service      CDT — Controlled Departure Time
     ATISR — ATIS Recorder                              CDTI — Cockpit Display of Traffic Information
     ATM — Air Traffic Management                       CENTX — Central Telephone Exchange
     ATM — Asynchronous Transfer Mode                   CEP — Capacity Enhancement Program
     ATMS — Advanced Traffic Management System          CEQ — Council on Environmental Quality
     ATN — Aeronautical Telecommunications Network      CERAP — Central Radar Approach
     ATODN — AUTODIN Terminal (FUS)                     CFC — Central Flow Control
     ATOVN — AUOTVON (Facility)                         CFCF — Central Flow Control Facility
     ATOMS — Air Traffic Operations Management          CFCS — Central Flow Control Service
     System                                             CFR — Code of Federal Regulations
     ATS — Air Traffic Service                          CFWP — Central Flow Weather Processor
     ATSCCP — ATS Contingency Command Post              CFWU — Central Flow Weather Unit
     ATTIS — AT&T Information Systems                   CGAS — Coast Guard Air Station
     AUTODIN — DoD Automatic Digital Network            CLC — Course Line Computer
     AUTOVON — DoD Automatic Voice Network              CLIN — Contract Line Item
     AVON — AUTOVON Service                             CLT — Calculated Landing Time
     AVN — Aviation Standards National Field Office,    CM — Commercial Service Airport
     Oklahoma City                                      CNMPS — Canadian Minimum Navigation
     AWIS — Airport Weather Information                 Performance Specification Airspace
     AWOS — Automated Weather Observation System        CNS — Consolidated NOTAM System
     AWP — Aviation Weather Processor                   CNSP — Consolidated NOTAM System Processor
     AWPG — Aviation Weather Products Generator         CO — Central Office
     AWS — Air Weather Station                          COE — U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
                                                        COMCO — Command Communications Outlet
     B                                                  CONUS — Continental United States
     BANS — BRITE Alphanumeric System                   CORP — Private Corporation other than ARINC or
     BART — Billing Analysis Reporting Tool (GSA        MITRE
     software tool)                                     CPE — Customer Premise Equipment
     BASIC — Basic Contract Observing Station           CPMIS — Consolidated Personnel Management
     BASOP — Military Base Operations                   Information System
     BCA — Benefit/Cost Analysis                        CRA — Conflict Resolution Advisory
     BCR — Benefit/Cost Ratio                           CRDA — Converging Runway Display Aid
     BDAT — Digitized Beacon Data                       CRT — Cathode Ray Tube
     BMP — Best Management Practices                    CSA — Communications Service Authorization
     BOC — Bell Operating Company                       CSIS — Centralized Storm Information System
     bps — bits per second                              CSO — Customer Service Office


14
CSR — Communications Service Request                 DOT — Department of Transportation
CSS — Central Site System                            DOTS — Dynamic Ocean Tracking System
C/S/S/N — Capacity/Safety/Security/Noise             DOTCC — Department of Transportation Computer
CTA — Controlled Time of Arrival                     Center
CTA — Control Area                                   DSCS — Digital Satellite Compression Service
CTA/FIR — Control Area/Flight Information Region     DSUA — Dynamic Special Use Airspace
CTAF — Common Traffic Advisory Frequency             DTS — Dedicated Transmission Service
CTAS — Center — Tracon Automation System             DUAT — Direct User Access Terminal
CTMA — Center Traffic Management Advisor             DVFR — Defense Visual Flight Rules
CUPS — Consolidated Uniform Payroll System           DVFR — Day Visual Flight Rules
CVFR — Controlled Visual Flight Rules                DVOR — Doppler Very High Frequency Omni—
CVTS — Compressed Video Transmission Service         Directional Range
CW — Continuous Wave                                 DYSIM — Dynamic Simulator
CWSU — Central Weather Service Unit
CWY — Clearway                                       E
                                                     E-MSAW — En-Route Automated Minimum Safe
D                                                    Altitude Warning
DA — Direct Access                                   EA — Environmental Assessment
DA — Decision Altitude/Decision Height               EARTS — En Route Automated Radar Tracking
DA — Descent Advisor                                 System
DABBS — DITCO Automated Bulletin Board System        ECOM — En Route Communications
DAIR — Direct Altitude and Identity Readout          ECVFP — Expanded Charted Visual Flight Procedures
DAR — Designated Agency Representative               EDCT — Expedite Departure Path
DARC — Direct Access Radar Channel                   EFAS — En Route Flight Advisory Service
dBA — Decibels A-weighted                            EFC — Expect Further Clearance
DBCRC — Defense Base Closure and Realignment         EFIS — Electronic Flight Information Systems
Commission                                           EIAF — Expanded Inward Access Features
DBE — Disadvantaged Business Enterprise              EIS — Environmental Impact Statement
DBMS — Data Base Management System                   ELT — Emergency Locator Transmitter
DBRITE — Digital Bright Radar Indicator Tower        ELWRT — Electrowriter
Equipment                                            EMAS — Engineered Materials Arresting System
DCA — Defense Communications Agency                  EMPS — En Route Maintenance Processor System
DCAA — Dual Call, Automatic Answer Device            EMS — Environmental Management System
DCCU — Data Communications Control Unit              ENAV — En Route Navigational Aids
DCE — Data Communications Equipment                  EPA — Environmental Protection Agency
DDA — Dedicated Digital Access                       EPS — Engineered Performance Standards
DDD — Direct Distance Dialing                        EOF — Emergency Operating Facility
DDM — Difference in Depth of Modulation              EPSS — Enhanced Packet Switched Service
DDS — Digital Data Service                           ERAD — En Route Broadband Radar
DEA — Drug Enforcement Agency                        ESEC — En Route Broadband Secondary Radar
DEDS — Data Entry and Display System                 ESP — En Route Spacing Program
DEIS — Draft Environmental Impact Statement          ESYS — En Route Equipment Systems
DEP — Departure                                      ESF — Extended Superframe Format
DEWIZ — Distance Early Warning Identification Zone   ETA — Estimated Time of Arrival
DF — Direction Finder                                ETE — Estimated Time En Route
DFAX — Digital Facsimile                             ETG — Enhanced Target Generator
DFI — Direction Finding Indicator                    ETMS — Enhanced Traffic Management System
DGPS — Differential Global Positioning Satellite     ETN — Electronic Telecommunications Network
(System)                                             EVAS — Enhanced Vortex Advisory System
DH — Decision Height                                 EVCS — Emergency Voice Communications System
DID — Direct Inward Dial
DIP — Drop and Insert Point                          F
DIRF — Direction Finding                             FAA — Federal Aviation Administration
DITCO — Defense Information Technology               F&E — Facility and Equipment
Contracting Office Agency                            FAAAC — FAA Aeronautical Center
DME — Distance Measuring Equipment                   FAACIS — FAA Communications Information System
DME/P — Precision Distance Measuring Equipment       FAATC — FAA Technical Center
DMN — Data Multiplexing Network                      FAC — Facility
DNL — Day— Night Equivalent Sound Level (Also        FAF — Final Approach Fix
called Ldn)                                          FAP — Final Approach Point
DOD — Direct Outward Dial                            FAPM — FTS2000 Associate Program Manager
DoD — Department of Defense                          FAR — Federal Aviation Regulation
DOI — Department of Interior                         FAATSAT — FAA Telecommunications Satellite
DOS — Department of State                            FAST — Final Approach Spacing Tool


                                                                                                         15
     FAX — Facsimile Equipment                          Satellite
     FBO — Fixed Base Operator                          GOESF — GOES Feed Point
     FBS — Fall Back Switch                             GOEST — GOES Terminal Equipment
     FCC — Federal Communications Commission            GPRA — Government Performance Results Act
     FCLT — Freeze Calculated Landing Time              GPS — Global Positioning Satellite
     FCOM — FSS Radio Voice Communications              GPWS — Ground Proximity Warning System
     FCPU — Facility Central Processing Unit            GRADE — Graphical Airspace Design Environment
     FDAT — Flight Data Entry and Printout (FDEP) and   GS — Glide Slope Indicator
     Flight Data Service                                GSA — General Services Administration
     FDE — Flight Data Entry                            GSE — Ground Support Equipment
     FDEP — Flight Data Entry and Printout              H
     FDIO — Flight Data Input/Output                    H — Non— Directional Radio Homing Beacon (NDB)
     FDIOC — Flight Data Input/Output Center            HAA — Height Above Airport
     FDIOR — Flight Data Input/Output Remote            HAL — Height Above Landing
     FDM — Frequency Division Multiplexing              HARS — High Altitude Route System
     FDP — Flight Data Processing                       HAT — Height Above Touchdown
     FED — Federal                                      HAZMAT — Hazardous Materials
     FEIS — Final Environmental Impact Statement        HCAP — High Capacity Carriers
     FEP — Front End Processor                          HLDC — High Level Data Link Control
     FFAC — From Facility                               HDME — NDB with Distance Measuring Equipment
     FIFO — Flight Inspection Field Office              HDQ — FAA Headquarters
     FIG — Flight Inspection Group                      HELI — Heliport
     FINO — Flight Inspection National Field Office     HF — High Frequency
     FIPS — Federal Information Publication Standard    HH — NDB, 2kw or More
     FIR — Flight Information Region                    HI— EFAS — High Altitude EFAS
     FIRE — Fire Station                                HOV — High Occupancy Vehicle
     FIRMR — Federal Information Resource               HSI — Horizontal Situation Indicators
     Management Regulation                              HUD — Housing and Urban Development
     FL — Flight Level                                  HWAS — Hazardous In— Flight Weather Advisory
     FLOWSIM — Traffic Flow Planning Simulation         Hz — HERTZ
     FMA — Final Monitor Aid
     FMF — Facility Master File                         I
     FMIS — FTS2000 Management Information System       IA — Indirect Access
     FMS — Flight management System                     IAF — Initial Approach Fix
     FNMS — FTS2000 Network Management System           I/AFSS — International AFSS
     FOIA — Freedom Of Information Act                  IAP — Instrument Approach Procedures
     FONSI — Finding of No Significant Impact           IAPA — Instrument Approach Procedures Automation
     FP — Flight Plan                                   IBM — International Business Machines
     FRC — Request Full Route Clearance                 IBP — International Boundary Point
     FSAS — Flight Service Automation System            IBR — Intermediate Bit Rate
     FSDO — Flight Standards District Office            ICAO — International Civil Aviation Organization
     FSDPS — Flight Service Data Processing System      ICSS — International Communications Switching
     FSEP — Facility/Service/Equipment Profile          Systems
     FSP — Flight Strip Printer                         IDAT — Interfacility Data
     FSPD — Freeze Speed Parameter                      IF — Intermediate Fix
     FSS — Flight Service Station                       IFCP — Interfacility Communications Processor
     FSSA — Flight Service Station Automated Service    IFDS — Interfacility Data System
     FSTS — Federal Secure Telephone Service            IFEA — In— Flight Emergency Assistance
     FSYS — Flight Service Station Equipment Systems    IFO — International Field Office
     FTS — Federal Telecommunications System            IFR — Instrument Flight Rules
     FTS2000 — Federal Telecommunications System        IFSS — International Flight Service Station
     2000                                               ILS — Instrument Landing System
     FUS — Functional Units or Systems                  IM — Inner Marker
     FWCS — Flight Watch Control Station                IMC — Instrument Meteorological Conditions
                                                        INM — Integrated Noise Model
     G                                                  INS — Inertial Navigation System
     GA — General Aviation                              IRMP — Information Resources Management Plan
     GAA — General Aviation Activity                    ISDN — Integrated Services Digital Network
     GAAA — General Aviation Activity and Avionics      ISMLS — Interim Standard Microwave Landing
     GADO — General Aviation District Office            System
     GCA — Ground Control Approach                      ITI — Interactive Terminal Interface
     GNAS — General National Airspace System            IVRS — Interim Voice Response System
     GNSS — Global Navigation Satellite System          IW — Inside Wiring
     GOES — Geostationary Operational Environmental


16
J                                                   METI — Meteorological Information
                                                    MF — Middle Frequency
K                                                   MFJ — Modified Final Judgment
Kbps — Kilobits Per Second                          MFT — Meter Fix Crossing Time/Slot Time
Khz — Kilohertz                                     MHA — Minimum Holding Altitude
KVDT — Keyboard Video Display Terminal              Mhg — MegHERTZ
                                                    MIA — Minimum IFR Altitudes
L                                                   MIDO — Manufacturing Inspection District Office
LAA — Local Airport Advisory                        MIS — Meteorological Impact Statement
LAAS — Low Altitude Alert System                    MISC — Miscellaneous
LABS — Leased A B Service                           MISO — Manufacturing Inspection Satellite Office
LABSC — LABS GS— 200 Computer                       MIT — Miles In Trail
LABSR — LABS Remote Equipment                       MITRE — Mitre Corporation
LABSW — LABS Switch System                          MLS — Microwave Landing System
LAHSO — Land and Hold Short Operation               MM — Middle Marker
LAN — Local Area Network                            MMC — Maintenance Monitoring Console
LATA — Local Access and Transport Area              MMS — Maintenance Monitoring System
LAWRS — Limited Aviation Weather Reporting          MNPS — Minimum Navigation Performance
System                                              Specification
LCF — Local Control Facility                        MNPSA — Minimum Navigation Performance
LCN — Local Communications Network                  Specifications Airspace
LDA — Localizer Directional Aid                     MOA — Memorandum of Agreement
LDA — Landing Directional Aid                       MOA — Military Operations Area
LDIN — Lead— in Lights                              MOCA — Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude
LEC — Local Exchange Carrier                        MODE C — Altitude— Encoded Beacon Reply
LF — Low Frequency                                  MODE C — Altitude Reporting Mode of Secondary
LINCS — Leased Interfacility NAS Communications     Radar
System                                              MODE S — Mode Select Beacon System
LIS — Logistics and Inventory System                MOU — Memorandum of Understanding
LLWAS — Low Level Wind Shear Alert System           MPO — Metropolitan Planning Organization
LM/MS — Low/Medium Frequency                        MPS — Maintenance Processor Subsystem (OR)
LMM — Locator Middle Marker                         Master Plan Supplement
LMS — LORAN Monitor Site                            MRA — Minimum Reception Altitude
LOC — Localizer                                     MRC — Monthly Recurring Charge
LOCID — Location Identifier                         MSA — Minimum Safe Altitude
LOI — Letter of Intent                              MSAW — Minimum Safe Altitude Warning
LOM — Compass Locator at Outer Marker               MSL — Mean Sea Level
LORAN — Long Range Aid to Navigation                MSN — Message Switching Network
LPV — Lateral Precision Performance with Vertical   MTCS — Modular Terminal Communications System
Guidance                                            MTI — Moving Target Indicator
LRCO — Limited Remote Communications Outlet         MUX — Multiplexor
LRNAV — Long Range Navigation                       MVA — Minimum Vectoring Altitude
LRR — Long Range Radar                              MVFR — Marginal Visual Flight Rules
M                                                   N
MAA — Maximum Authorized Altitude                   NAAQS — National Ambient Air Quality Standards
MALS — Medium Intensity Approach Lighting           NADA — NADIN Concentrator
System                                              NADIN — National Airspace Data Interchange
MALSF — MALS with Sequenced Flashers                Network
MALSR — MALS with Runway Alignment Indicator        NADSW — NADIN Switches
Lights                                              NAILS — National Airspace Integrated Logistics
MAP — Maintenance Automation Program                Support
MAP — Military Airport Program                      NAMS — NADIN IA
MAP — Missed Approach Point                         NAPRS — National Airspace Performance Reporting
MAP — Modified Access Pricing                       System
Mbps — Megabits Per Second                          NAS — National Airspace System or Naval Air
MCA — Minimum Crossing Altitude                     Station
MCAS — Marine Corps Air Station                     NASDC — National Aviation Safety Data
MCC — Maintenance Control Center                    NASP — National Airspace System Plan
MCL — Middle Compass Locater                        NASPAC — National Airspace System Performance
MCS — Maintenance and Control System                Analysis Capability
MDA — Minimum Descent Altitude                      NATCO — National Communications Switching
MDT — Maintenance Data Terminal                     Center
MEA — Minimum En Route Altitude                     NAVAID — Navigation Aid


                                                                                                       17
     NAVMN — Navigation Monitor and Control                OMB — Office of Management and Budget
     NAWAU — National Aviation Weather Advisory Unit       ONER — Oceanic Navigational Error Report
     NAWPF — National Aviation Weather Processing          OPLT — Operational Acceptable Level of Traffic
     Facility                                              OPSW — Operational Switch
     NCAR — National Center for Atmospheric Research;      OPX — Off Premises Exchange
     Boulder, CO                                           ORD — Operational Readiness Demonstration
     NCF — National Control Facility                       OTR — Oceanic Transition Route
     NCIU — NEXRAD Communications Interface Unit           OTS — Organized Track System
     NCP — Noise Compatibility Program
     NCS — National Communications System                  P
     NDB — Non— Directional Radio Homing Beacon            PABX — Private Automated Branch Exchange
     NDNB — NADIN II                                       PAD — Packet Assembler/Disassembler
     NEM — Noise Exposure Map                              PAM — Peripheral Adapter Module
     NEPA — National Environmental Policy Act              PAPI — Precision Approach Path Indicator
     NEXRAD — Next Generation Weather Radar                PAR — Precision Approach Radar
     NFAX — National Facsimile Service                     PAR — Preferential Arrival Route
     NFDC — National Flight Data Center                    PATWAS — Pilots Automatic Telephone Weather
     NFIS — NAS Facilities Information System              Answering Service
     NI — Network Interface                                PBCT — Proposed Boundary Crossing Time
     NICS — National Interfacility Communications          PBRF — Pilot Briefing
     System                                                PBX — Private Branch Exchange
     NPE — Non-primary Airport Entitlement                 PCA — Positive Control Airspace
     NPIAS — National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems   PCM — Pulse Code Modulation
     NM — Nautical Mile                                    PDAR — Preferential Arrival And Departure Route
     NMAC — Near Mid Air Collision                         PDC — Pre— Departure Clearance
     NMC — National Meteorological Center                  PDC — Program Designator Code
     NMCE — Network Monitoring and Control Equipment       PDR — Preferential Departure Route
     NMCS — Network Monitoring and Control System          PDN — Public Data Network
     NOAA — National Oceanic and Atmospheric               PFC — Passenger Facility Charge
     Administration                                        PGP — Planning Grant Program
     NOC — Notice Of Completion                            PIC — Principal Interexchange Carrier
     NOTAM — Notice to Airmen                              PIDP — Programmable Indicator Data Processor
     NPDES — National Pollutant Discharge Elimination      PIREP — Pilot Weather Report
     System                                                PMS — Program Management System
     NPIAS — National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems   POLIC — Police Station
     NRC — Non— Recurring Charge                           POP — Point Of Presence
     NRCS — National Radio Communications Systems          POT — Point Of Termination
     NSAP — National Service Assurance Plan                PPIMS — Personal Property Information
     NSRCATN — National Strategy to Reduce Congestion      Management System
     on America’s Transportation Network                   PR — Primary Commercial Service Airport
     NSSFC — National Severe Storms Forecast Center        PRI — Primary Rate Interface
     NSSL — National Severe Storms Laboratory;             PRM — Precision Runway Monitor
     Norman, OK                                            PSDN — Public Switched Data Network
     NTAP — Notices To Airmen Publication                  PSN — Packet Switched Network
     NTP — National Transportation Policy                  PSS — Packet Switched Service
     NTSB — National Transportation Safety Board           PSTN — Public Switched Telephone Network
     NTZ — No Transgression Zone                           PTC — Presumed-to-Conform
     NWS — National Weather Service                        PUB — Publication
     NWSR — NWS Weather Excluding NXRD                     PUP — Principal User Processor
     NSWRH — NWS Regional Headquarters                     PVC — Permanent Virtual Circuit
     NXRD — Advanced Weather Radar System                  PVD — Plan View Display

     O                                                     Q
     OAG — Official Airline Guide
     OALT — Operational Acceptable Level of Traffic        R
     OAW — Off— airway Weather Station                     RAIL — Runway Alignment Indicator Lights
     ODAL — Omnidirectional Approach Lighting System       RAPCO — Radar Approach Control (USAF)
     ODAPS — Oceanic Display and Processing Station        RAPCON — Radar Approach Control (FAA)
     OEP — Operational Evolution Plan / Partnership        RATCC — Radar Air Traffic Control Center
     OFA — Object Free Area                                RATCF — Radar Air Traffic Control Facility (USN)
     OFDPS — Offshore Flight Data Processing System        RBC — Rotating Beam Ceilometer
     OFT — Outer Fix Time                                  RBDPE — Radar Beacon Data Processing Equipment
     OFZ — Obstacle Free Zone                              RBSS — Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron
     OM — Outer Marker                                     RCAG — Remote Communications Air/Ground


18
RCC — Rescue Coordination Center                 SCC — System Command Center
RCF — Remote Communication Facility              SCVTS — Switched Compressed Video
RCCC — Regional Communications Control Centers   Telecommunications Service
RCIU — Remote Control Interface Unit             SDF — Simplified Direction Finding
RCL — Radio Communications Link                  SDF — Software Defined Network
RCLR — RCL Repeater                              SDIS — Switched Digital Integrated Service
RCLT — RCL Terminal                              SDP — Service Delivery Point
RCO — Remote Communications Outlet               SDS — Switched Data Service
RCU — Remote Control Unit                        SEL — Single Event Level
RDAT — Digitized Radar Data                      SELF — Simplified Short Approach Lighting System
RDP — Radar Data Processing                      With Sequenced Flashing Lights
RDSIM — Runway Delay Simulation Model            SFAR— 38 — Special Federal Aviation Regulation
REIL — Runway End Identification Lights          38
RF — Radio Frequency                             SHPO — State Historic Preservation Officer
RL — General Aviation Reliever Airport           SIC — Service Initiation Charge
RMCC — Remote Monitor Control Center             SID — Station Identifier
RMCF — Remote Monitor Control Facility           SID — Standard Instrument Departure
RML — Radio Microwave Link                       SIGMET — Significant Meteorological Information
RMLR — RML Repeater                              SIMMOD — Airport and Airspace Simulation Model
RMLT — RML Terminal                              SIP — State Implementation Plan
RMM — Remote Maintenance Monitoring              SM — Statute Miles
RMMS — Remote Maintenance Monitoring System      SMGC — Surface Movement Guidance and Control
RMS — Remote Monitoring Subsystem                SMPS — Sector Maintenance Processor Subsystem
RMSC — Remote Monitoring Subsystem               SMS — Safety Management System
Concentrator                                     SMS — Simulation Modeling System
RNAV — Area Navigation                           SNR — Signal— to— Noise Ratio, also: S/N
RNP — Required Navigation Performance            SOC — Service Oversight Center
ROD — Record of Decision                         SOAR — System of Airports Reporting
ROSA — Report of Service Activity                SOIR — Simultaneous Operations On Intersecting
ROT — Runway Occupancy Time                      Runways
RP — Restoration Priority                        SOIWR — Simultaneous Operations on Intersecting
RPC — Restoration Priority Code                  Wet Runways
RPG — Radar Processing Group                     SRAP — Sensor Receiver and Processor
RPZ — Runway Protection Zone                     SSALF — SSALS with Sequenced Flashers
RRH — Remote Reading Hygrothermometer            SSALR — Simplified Short Approach Lighting
RRHS — Remote Reading Hydrometer                 System
RRWDS — Remote Radar Weather Display             SSB — Single Side Band
RRWSS — RWDS Sensor Site                         STAR — Standard Terminal Arrival Route
RSA — Runway Safety Area                         STD — Standard
RSAT — Runway Safety Action Team                 STMUX — Statistical Data Multiplexer
RSS — Remote Speaking System                     STOL — Short Takeoff and Landing
RT — Remote Transmitter                          SURPIC — Surface Picture
RT & BTL — Radar Tracking And Beacon Tracking    SVCA — Service A
Level                                            SVCB — Service B
RTAD — Remote Tower Alphanumerics Display        SVCC — Service C
RTCA — Radio Technical Commission for            SVCO — Service O
Aeronautics                                      SVFO — Interphone Service F (A)
RTP — Regional Transportation Plan               SVFB — Interphone Service F (B)
RTR — Remote Transmitter/Receiver                SVFC — Interphone Service F (C)
RTRD — Remote Tower Radar Display                SVFD — Interphone Service F (D)
RVR — Runway Visual Range                        SVFR — Special Visual Flight Rules
RW — Runway
RWDS — Same as RRWDS                             T
RWP — Real-time Weather Processor                T1MUX — T1 Multiplexer
                                                 TAAS — Terminal Advance Automation System
S                                                TACAN — Tactical Aircraft Control and Navigation
S/S — Sector Suite                               TACR — TACAN at VOR, TACAN only
SAC — Strategic Air Command                      TAF — Terminal Area Forecast
SAFI — Semi Automatic Flight Inspection          TARS — Terminal Automated Radar Service
SALS — Short Approach Lighting System            TAS — True Air Speed
SATCOM — Satellite Communications                TATCA — Terminal Air Traffic Control Automation
SAWRS — Supplementary Aviation Weather           TAVT — Terminal Airspace Visualization Tool
Reporting System                                 TCA — Traffic Control Airport or Tower Control
SBGP — State Block Grant Program                 Airport


                                                                                                    19
     TCA — Terminal Control Area                          TTMA — TRACON Traffic Management Advisor
     TCACCIS — Transportation Coordinator Automated       TTY — Teletype
     Command and Control Information System               TVOR — Terminal VHF Omnidirectional Range
     TCAS — Traffic Alert And Collision Avoidance         TW — Taxiway
     System                                               TWEB — Transcribed Weather Broadcast
     TCC — DOT Transportation Computer Center             TWR— Tower (non-controlled)
     TCCC — Tower Control Computer Complex                TY — Type (FAACIS)
     TCE — Tone Control Equipment
     TCLT — Tentative Calculated Landing Time             U
     TCO — Telecommunications Certification Officer       UAS — Uniform Accounting System
     TCOM — Terminal Communications                       UHF — Ultra High Frequency
     TCS — Tower Communications System                    URA — Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real
     TDLS — Tower Data-Link Services                      Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970
     TDMUX — Time Division Data Multiplexer               USAF — United States Air Force
     TDWR — Terminal Doppler Weather Radar                USC — United States Code
     TELCO — Telephone Company                            USOC — Uniform Service Order Code
     TELMS — Telecommunications Management
     System                                               V
     TERPS — Terminal Instrument Procedures               VALE — Voluntary Airport Low Emission
     TFAC — To Facility                                   VASI — Visual Approach Slope Indicator
     TH — Threshold                                       VDME — VOR with Distance Measuring Equipment
     TIMS — Telecommunications Information                VF — Voice Frequency
     Management System                                    VFR — Visual Flight Rules
     TIPS — Terminal Information Processing System        VHF — Very High Frequency
     TL — Taxilane                                        VLF — Very Low Frequency
     TMA — Traffic Management Advisor                     VMC — Visual Meteorological Conditions
     TMC — Traffic Management Coordinator                 VNAV — Visual Navigational Aids
     TMC/MC — Traffic Management Coordinator/             VNTSC — Volpe National Transportation System
     Military Coordinator                                 Center
     TMCC — Terminal Information Processing System        VON — Virtual On-net
     TMCC — Traffic Management Computer Complex           VOR — VHF Omnidirectional Range
     TMF — Traffic Management Facility                    VOR/DME — VHF Omnidirectional Range/Distance
     TML — Television Microwave Link                      Measuring Equipment
     TMLI — Television Microwave Link Indicator           VORTAC — VOR collocated with TACAN
     TMLR — Television Microwave Link Repeater            VOT — VOR Test Facility
     TMLT — Television Microwave Link Terminal            VP/D — Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviation
     TM&O — Telecommunications Management and             VRS — Voice Recording System
     Operations                                           VSCS — Voice Switching and Control System
     TMP — Traffic Management Processor                   VTA — Vertex Time of Arrival
     TMS — Traffic Management System                      VTAC — VOR collocated with TACAN
     TMSPS — Traffic Management Specialists               VTOL — Vertical Takeoff and Landing
     TMU — Traffic Management Unit                        VTS — Voice Telecommunications System
     TODA — Takeoff Distance Available
     TOF — Time Of Flight
                                                          W
                                                          WAAS — Wide Area Augmentation System
     TOFMS — Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer
                                                          WAN — Wide Area Network
     TOPS — Telecommunications Ordering and Pricing
                                                          WC — Work Center
     System (GSA software tool)
                                                          WCP — Weather Communications Processor
     TORA — Take-off Run Available
                                                          WECO — Western Electric Company
     TNAV — Terminal Navigational Aids
                                                          WESCOM — Western Electric Satellite
     TR — Telecommunications Request
                                                          Communications
     TRACAB — Terminal Radar Approach Control in
                                                          WMSC — Weather Message Switching Center
     Tower Cab
                                                          WMSCR — Weather Message Switching Center
     TRACON — Terminal Radar Approach Control
                                                          Replacement
     Facility
                                                          WSCMO — Weather Service Contract
     TRAD — Terminal Radar Service
                                                          Meteorological Observatory
     TRB — Transportation Research Board
                                                          WSFO — Weather Service Forecast Office
     TRNG — Training
                                                          WSMO — Weather Service Meteorological
     TSA — Taxiway Safety Area
                                                          Observatory
     TSEC — Terminal Secondary Radar Service
                                                          WSO — Weather Service Office
     TSP — Telecommunications Service Priority
                                                          WTHR — “Weather”
     TSR — Telecommunications Service Request
                                                          WX – Weather
     TSYS — Terminal Equipment Systems

                                         Source: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/acronyms/


20
FAA AdvIsory
CIrCulArs
     seleCt FA A AdvIsory CIrCul Ars




Below is a list of select FAA Advisory Circulars relevant to the Airport
Improvement Program. Note that this is not comprehensive, and some
of the following ACs have been updated or include addendums. For the
most recent list, please go to the FAA website at http://www.faa.gov/air-
ports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/


 Number               TiTle, DescripTioN, Files                              publicaTioN DaTe

 150/5050-8           envIronmentAl mAnAGement systems                       September 26, 2007
 Responsible Office   For AIrport sponsors
 APP-400              Provides guidance to airport sponsors that
                      develop Environmental Management Systems
                      (EMS). It provides guidance to airport sponsors on
                      the needed parts of an EMS.

 150/5070-6B          AIrport mAster plAns                                   May 1, 2007
 Responsible Office   Provides guidance for the preparation of airport
 APP-400              master plans that range in size and function from
                      small general aviation to large commercial service
                      facilities.
 150/5100-14d         ArCHIteCturAl, enGIneerInG, And                        September 30, 2005
 Responsible Office   plAnnInG ConsultAnt servICes For
 AAS-100              AIrport GrAnt proJeCts
                      Provides guidance for airport sponsors in the
                      selection and employment of architectural,
                      engineering, and planning consultants under
                      Federal Aviation Administration airport grant
                      programs.
 150/5100-17          lAnd ACQuIsItIon And reloCAtIon                        November 7, 2005
 Responsible Office   AssIstAnCe For AIrport Improvement
 APP-400              proGrAm AssIsted proJeCts
                      Provides guidance to sponsors of airport projects
                      developed under the Airport Improvement
                      Program (AIP) to meet the requirements of the
                      Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property
                      Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (PL 91-646, as
                      amended) and the Regulations of the Office of the
                      Secretary of Transportation, 49 CFR Part 24.
 150/5190-7           mInImum stAndArds For CommerCIAl                       August 28, 2006
 Responsible Office   AeronAutICAl ACtIvItIes
 ACO-100              Provides basic information about the FAA’s
                      recommendations on commercial minimum
                      standards and related policies. Although
                      minimum standards are optional, the FAA highly
                      recommends their use and implementation as a
                      means to minimize the potential for violations of
                      Federal obligations at federally obligated airports.




                                                                                                  23
     Number               TiTle, DescripTioN, Files                              publicaTioN DaTe

     150/5300-13          AIrport desIGn                                         September 29, 1989
     Responsible Office   Contains the FAA’s standards and                       Last Updated June,
     AAS-100              recommendations for airport design.                    2008
     150/5300-15          use oF vAlue enGIneerInG For                           September 9, 1993
     Responsible Office   enGIneerInG And desIGn oF AIrport
     AAS-100              GrAnt proJeCts
                          Provides guidance for the use of value engineering
                          (VE) in airport projects funded under the Airport
                          Grant Program.
     150/5320-5C          surFACe drAInAGe desIGn                                September 29, 2006
     Responsible Office   Provides guidance for engineers, airport
     AAS-100              managers, and the public in the design and
                          maintenance of airport surface drainage systems.
                          Combines existing surface drainage topics
                          covered in different agency manuals into one
                          Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) document that
                          will serve as the design and analysis standard for
                          surface drainage for FAA and the Department of
                          Defense.
     150/5320-6d          AIrport pAvement desIGn And                            January 30, 1996
     Responsible Office   evAluAtIon                                             Last Updated June,
     AAS-100              Provides guidance to the public for the design and     2008
                          evaluation of pavements at civil airports.

     150/5320-12C         meAsurement, ConstruCtIon, And                         March 18, 1997
     Responsible Office   mAIntenAnCe oF sKId resIstAnt                          Last Updated
     AAS-100              AIrport pAvement surFACes                              February, 2007
                          Contains guidelines and procedures for the design
                          and construction of skid-resistant pavement;
                          pavement evaluation, without or with friction
                          equipment; and maintenance of high skid-
                          resistant pavements.
     150/5320-17          AIrFIeld pAvement surFACe evAluAtIon                   July 12, 2004
     Responsible Office   And rAtInG mAnuAls
     AAS-100              Provides guidance on understanding and rating
                          the surface condition of flexible and rigid airfield
                          pavements and provides a simple system to
                          visually rate pavement condition.
     150/5325-4B          runWAy lenGtH reQuIrements For                         July 1, 2005
     Responsible Office   AIrport desIGn
     AAS-100              Provides design standards and guidelines for
                          determining recommended runway lengths.
     150/5340-1J          stAndArds For AIrport mArKInGs                         April 29, 2005
     Responsible Office   Describes the standards for markings used on
     AAS-100              airport runways, taxiways, and aprons.
     150/5340-18e         stAndArds For AIrport sIGn systems                     September 12, 2008
     Responsible Office   Contains the Federal Aviation Administration
     AAS-100              standards for the siting and installation of signs
                          on airport runways and taxiways.




24
Number               TiTle, DescripTioN, Files                              publicaTioN DaTe

150/5340-30C         desIGn And InstAllAtIon detAIls For                    September 20, 2007
Responsible Office   AIrport vIsuAl AIds
AAS-100              Provides guidance and recommendations on the
                     installation of airport visual aids.
150/5345-43F         speCIFICAtIon For oBstruCtIon                          September 12, 2006
Responsible Office   lIGHtInG eQuIpment
AAS-100              Contains the FAA specification for obstruction
                     lighting equipment.
150/5345-44H         speCIFICAtIon For tAXIWAy And runWAy                   September 28, 2007
Responsible Office   sIGns
AAS-100              Contains the FAA specifications for unlighted and
                     lighted signs to be used on taxiways and runways.
150/5345-46C         speCIFICAtIon For runWAy And tAXIWAy                   September 12, 2006
Responsible Office   lIGHt FIXtures
AAS-100              Contains FAA specifications for light fixtures to be
                     used on airport runways and taxiways.
150/5360-9           plAnnInG And desIGn oF AIrport                         April 4, 1980
Responsible Office   termInAl FACIlItIes At non-HuB                         ACRP projects are
APP-400              loCAtIons                                              pending to replace
                     Provides guidance material for the planning and        this Advisory Circular
                     design of airport terminal buildings at non-hub
                     locations.
150/5360-12d         AIrport sIGnInG And GrApHICs                           July 1, 2003
Responsible Office   Provides guidance on airport-related signs and
AAS-100              graphics.
150/5360-13          plAnnInG And desIGn GuIdelInes For                     April 22, 1988
Responsible Office   AIrport termInAl FACIlItIes                            ACRP projects are
APP-400              Provides guidelines for the planning and design        pending to replace
                     of airport terminal buildings and related access       this Advisory Circular
                     facilities.
150/5370-2e          operAtIonAl sAFety on AIrports                         January 17, 2003
Responsible Office   durInG ConstruCtIon
AAS-300              Provides guidance on operational safety on
                     airports---with special emphasis on safety during
                     periods of construction activity---to assist airport
                     operators in complying with Part 139, Certification
                     of Airports.
150/5370-6C          ConstruCtIon proGress And                              September 29, 2007
Responsible Office   InspeCtIon report—AIrport
AAS-100              Improvement proGrAm (AIp)
                     Provides guidance for reporting construction
                     progress of projects under the Airport
                     Improvement Program (AIP). Discusses use of
                     FAA Form 5370-1, Construction Progress and
                     Inspection Report.




                                                                                                     25
     Number               TiTle, DescripTioN, Files                             publicaTioN DaTe

     150/5370-10C         stAndArds For speCIFyInG                              September 29, 2007
     Responsible Office   ConstruCtIon oF AIrports
     AAS-100              Provides standards for the construction
                          of airports. Items covered include general
                          provisions, earthwork, flexible base courses,
                          rigid base courses, flexible surface courses, rigid
                          pavement, fencing, drainage, turfing, and lighting
                          installation.
     150/5370-11A         use oF nondestruCtIve testInG devICes                 December 29, 2004
     Responsible Office   In tHe evAluAtIon oF AIrport pAvement
     AAS-100              Provides guidance on the use of nondestructive
                          testing equipment to evaluate the load-carrying
                          capacity of airport pavements.
     150/5380-6B          GuIdelInes And proCedures For                         September 28, 2007
     Responsible Office   mAIntenAnCe oF AIrport pAvements
     AAS-100              Provides guidelines and procedures for
                          maintaining rigid and flexible airport pavements.
     150/5380-7A          AIrport pAvement mAnAGement                           September 1, 2006
     Responsible Office   proGrAm
     AAS-100              Discusses the Airport Pavement Management
                          System (APMS) concept, its essential
                          components, and how it can be used to make
                          cost-effective decisions about pavement
                          maintenance and rehabilitation.




26
 e X C e r p t s F r o m F A A A d v I s o r y C I r C u l A r 15 0 / 5 3 0 0 -13




 Chapter 1: Regulatory Requirements & Definition of Terms


 Aircraft Approach Category. A grouping of aircraft based on 1.3 times their stall speed in their
 landing configuration at the certificated maximum flap setting and maximum landing weight at
 standard atmospheric conditions. The categories are as follows:

 Category A: Speed less than 91 knots.
 Category B: Speed 91 knots or more but less than 121 knots.
 Category C: Speed 121 knots or more but less than 141 knots.
 Category D: Speed 141 knots or more but less than 166 knots.
 Category E: Speed 166 knots or more.

 Airplane Design Group (ADG). A grouping of airplanes based on wingspan or tail height. Where
 an airplane is in two categories, the most demanding category should be used. The groups are as
 follows:

 Group I: Up to but not including 49 feet (15 m) wingspan or tail height up to but not including 20 feet.

 Group II: 49 feet (15 m) up to but not including 79 feet (24 m) wingspan or tail height from 20 up to
 but not including 30 feet.

 Group III: 79 feet (24 m) up to but not including 118 feet (36 m) wingspan or tail height from 30 up to
 but not including 45 feet.

                                                        Group IV: 118 feet (36 m) up to but not including
Table 1-1. Airplane Design Groups (ADG)                 171 feet (52 m) wingspan or tail height from 45
                                                        up to but not including 60 feet.
Group #     Tail Height (ft)    Wingspan (ft)
                                                        Group V: 171 feet (52 m) up to but not including
   I              <20                 <49               214 feet (65 m) wingspan or tail height from 60
                                                        up to but not including 66 feet.
   II          20 - <30             49 - <79
  III          30 - <45            79 - <118            Group VI: 214 feet (65 m) up to but not
                                                        including 262 feet (80 m) wingspan or tail
  IV           45 - <60            118 - <171
                                                        height from 66
   V           60 - <66           171 - <214            up to but not including 80 feet.

  VI           66 - <80           214 - <262            Airport Elevation. The highest point on an
                                                        airport’s usable runway expressed in feet
                                                        above mean sea level (MSL).

 Airport Layout Plan (ALP). The plan of an airport showing the layout of existing and proposed
 airport facilities.

 Airport Reference Point (ARP). The latitude and longitude of the approximate center of the airport.

 Blast Fence. A barrier used to divert or dissipate jet blast or propeller wash.

 Building Restriction Line (BRL). A line which identifies suitable building area locations on airports.

 Clear Zone. See Runway Protection Zone.

 Clearway (CWY). A defined rectangular area beyond the end of a runway cleared or suitable for use
 in lieu of runway to satisfy takeoff distance requirements.

 Compass Calibration Pad. An airport facility used for calibrating an aircraft compass.



                                                                                                            27
 Declared Distances. The distances the airport owner declares available for the airplane’s takeoff run,
 takeoff distance, accelerate-stop distance, and landing distance Requirements. The distances are:

         Takeoff run available (TORA). The runway length declared available and suitable for the ground
         run of an airplane taking off;

         Takeoff distance available (TODA). The TORA plus the length of any remaining runway or
         clearway (CWY) beyond the far end of the TORA;

         NOTE: The full length of TODA may not be usable for all takeoffs because of obstacles
         in the departure area. The usable TODA length is aircraft performance dependent and,
         as such, must be determined by the aircraft operator before each takeoff and requires
         knowledge of the location of each controlling obstacle in the departure area.

         Accelerate-stop distance available (ASDA). The runway plus stopway (SWY) length declared
         available and suitable for the acceleration and deceleration of an airplane
         aborting a takeoff; and

         Landing distance available (LDA). The runway length declared available and suitable for a landing
         airplane.

 Fixed By Function NAVAID. An air navigation aid (NAVAID) that must be positioned in a particular location
 in order to provide an essential benefit for civil aviation is fixed by function. Exceptions are:
         a. Equipment shelters, junction boxes, transformers, and other appurtenances that support a fixed
         by function NAVAID are not fixed by function unless operational requirements require them to be
         located in close proximity to the NAVAID.
         b. Some NAVAIDs, such as localizers, can provide beneficial performance even when they are not
         located at their optimal location. These NAVAIDS are not fixed by function.

 Frangible NAVAID. A navigational aid (NAVAID) which retains its structural integrity and stiffness up
 to a designated maximum load, but on impact from a greater load, breaks, distorts, or yields in such a
 manner as to present the minimum hazard to aircraft. The term NAVAID includes electrical and visual air
 navigational aids, lights, signs, and associated supporting equipment.

 Hazard to Air Navigation. An object which, as a result of an aeronautical study, the FAA determines
 will have a substantial adverse effect upon the safe and efficient use of navigable airspace by aircraft,
 operation of air navigation facilities, or existing or potential airport capacity.

 Large Airplane. An airplane of more than 12,500 pounds (5 700 kg) maximum certificated takeoff weight.

 Low Impact Resistant Supports (LIRS). Supports designed to resist operational and environmental static
 loads and fail when subjected to a shock load such as that from a colliding aircraft.

 Object. Includes, but is not limited to above ground structures, NAVAIDs, people, equipment, vehicles,
 natural growth, terrain, and parked aircraft.

 Object Free Area (OFA). An area on the ground centered on a runway, taxiway, or taxilane centerline
 provided to enhance the safety of aircraft operations by having the area free of objects, except for objects
 that need to be located in the OFA for air navigation or aircraft ground maneuvering
 purposes.

 Obstacle Clearance Surface (OCS). An inclined obstacle evaluation surface associated with a glidepath.
 The separation between this surface and the glidepath angle at any given distance from GPI defines the
 MINIMUM required obstruction clearance at that point.

 Obstacle Free Zone (OFZ). The OFZ is the airspace below 150 feet (45 m) above the established airport
 elevation and along the runway and extended runway centerline that is required to be clear of all objects,
 except for frangible visual NAVAIDs that need to be located in the OFZ because of their function, in
 order to provide clearance protection for aircraft landing or taking off from the runway, and for missed
 approaches. The OFZ is sub-divided as follows:

 Runway OFZ. The airspace above a surface centered on the runway centerline.




28
           Inner-approach OFZ. The airspace above a surface centered on the extended runway centerline.
           It applies to runways with an approach lighting system.

           Inner-transitional OFZ. The airspace above the surfaces located on the outer edges of the runway
           OFZ and the inner-approach OFZ. It applies to runways with approach visibility minimums lower
           than 3/4-statute mile (1 200 m).

Obstruction to Air Navigation. An object of greater height than any of the heights or surfaces presented in
Subpart C of Code of Federal Regulation (14 CFR), Part 77. (Obstructions to air navigation are presumed to
be hazards to air navigation until an FAA study has determined otherwise.)

Precision Approach Category I (CAT I) Runway. A runway with an instrument approach procedure which
provides for approaches to a decision height (DH) of not less than 200 feet (60 m) and visibility of not less
than 1/2 mile (800 m) or Runway Visual Range (RVR) 2400 (RVR 1800 with operative touchdown zone and
runway centerline lights). runway with an instrument approach procedure which provides for approaches to
a minima less than CAT I to as low as a decision height (DH) of not less than 100 feet (30 m) and RVR of not
less than RVR 1200.

Precision Approach Category III (CAT III) Runway. A runway with an instrument approach procedure which
provides for approaches to minima less than CAT II.

Runway (RW). A defined rectangular surface on an airport prepared or suitable for the landing or takeoff of
airplanes.

Runway Blast Pad. A surface adjacent to the ends of runways provided to reduce the erosive effect of jet blast
and propeller wash.

Runway Protection Zone (RPZ). An area off the runway end to enhance the protection of people and property
on the ground.

Runway Safety Area (RSA). A defined surface surrounding the runway prepared or suitable for reducing the
risk of damage to airplanes in the event of an undershoot, overshoot, or excursion from the runway.

Shoulder. An area adjacent to the edge of paved runways, taxiways, or aprons providing a transition
between the pavement and the adjacent surface; support for aircraft running off the pavement; enhanced
drainage; and blast protection.

Small Airplane. An airplane of 12,500 pounds (5 700 kg) or less maximum certificated takeoff weight.

Stopway (SWY). A defined rectangular surface beyond the end of a runway prepared or suitable for use in lieu
of runway to support an airplane, without causing structural damage to the airplane, during an aborted takeoff.

Taxilane (TL). The portion of the aircraft parking area used for access between taxiways and aircraft parking
positions.

Taxiway (TW). A defined path established for the taxiing of aircraft from one part of an airport to another.

Taxiway Safety Area (TSA). A defined surface alongside the taxiway prepared or suitable for reducing the risk
of damage to an airplane unintentionally departing the taxiway.

Threshold (TH). The beginning of that portion of the runway available for landing. In some instances, the
landing threshold may be displaced.

Displaced Threshold. A threshold that is located at a point on the runway other than the designated
beginning of the runway.

Visual Runway. A runway without an existing or planned straight-in instrument approach procedure.




                                                                                                                29
Chapter 2: Airport Geometry
 Table 2-4. Runway Protection Zone (RPZ) Dimensions
                                                                                              Dimensions
       Approach                 Facilities
                                                          Length                   Inner                     Outer
       Visibility               Expected                    L                      Width                     Width                   RPZ
      Minimums 1/               To Serve                   Feet                    W1 feet                   W2 feet                acres
                                                          (metes)                 (meters)                  (meters)

                                 Small                     1,000                       250                    450
                                Aircraft                                                                                            8.035
                               Exclusively                 (300)                       (75)                  (135)


                                 Aircraft
          Visual                                           1,000                     500                      700
                                Approach
           And                                                                                                                      13.770
      Not lower than
                                Categories                 (300)                    (150)                    (210)
                                  A&B
     1-Mile (1 600 m)

                                 Aircraft
                                Approach                   1,700                     500                     1,010
                                                                                                                                   29.465
                                Categories                 (510)                    (150)                    (303)
                                  C&D

      Not lower than                All                    1,700                    1,000                    1,510
                                                                                                                                   48.978
     ¾-Mile (1 200 m)             Aircraft                 (510)                    (300)                    (453)

        Lower than                                                                  1,000
                                All Aircraft            2,500 (750)                                          1,750)                 78,914
     3/4-Mile (1 200m)                                                              (300)

 1/ The RPZ dimensional standards are for the runway end with the specified approach visibility minimums. The departure RPZ dimensional standards are
 equal to or less than the approach RPZ dimensional standards. When a RPZ begins other than 200 feet (60 m) beyond the runway end, separate approach
 and departure RPZs should be provided. Refer to Appendix 14 for approach and departure RPZs.



Chapter 3: Runway Design
Table 3-1. Runway design standards for aircraft approach category A & B visual runways and
runways with not lower than 3/4-statute mile (1,200 m) approach visibility minimums
(Refer also to Appendix 16 for the establishment of new approaches)
                                                 DIM                                    Airplane Design Group
                   ITEM
                                                  1/            I 2/               I              II        III                           IV
     Runway Length                                 A                                   - Refer to paragraph 301 -
                                                               60 ft             60 ft            75 ft        100 ft                    150 ft
     Runway Width                                  B
                                                               18 m              18 m             23 m          30 m                     45 m
                                                                10 ft            10 ft              10 ft              20 ft             25 ft
     Runway Shoulder Width
                                                                3m                3m                3m                  6m               7.5 m
                                                                80 ft            80 ft              95 ft              140 ft           200 ft
     Runway Blast Pad Width
                                                               24 m              24 m               29 m               42 m              60 m
                                                                60 ft           100 ft             150 ft              200 ft           200 ft
     Runway Blast Pad Length
                                                               18 m              30 m               45 m               60 m              60 m
                                                               120 ft            120 ft            150 ft              300 ft           500 ft
     Runway Safety Area Width                      C
                                                               36 m              36 m              45 m                90 m             150 m
     Runway Safety Area Length                                 240 ft           240 ft             300 ft              600 ft           600 ft
     Prior to Landing Threshold 3/, 4/                         72 m              72 m               90 m               180 m            180 m
     Runway Safety Area Length                                 240 ft           240 ft             300 ft              600 ft           1000 ft
                                                   P
     Beyond RW End 3/, 4/                                      72 m             72 m               90 m                180 m            300 m
     Obstacle Free Zone Width
                                                                                         - Refer to paragraph 306 -
     And Length
                                                               250 ft           400 ft             500 ft              800 ft           800 ft
     Runway Object Free Area Width                 Q
                                                               75 m             120 m              150 m               240 m            240 m
     Runway Object Free Area                                   240 ft           240 ft             300 ft              600 ft          1,000 ft
                                                   R
     Length Beyond RW End 5/                                   72 m              72 m               90 m               180 m            300 m

 1/ Letters correspond to the dimensions on figures 2-1 and 2-3. Use this table only when both ends of the runway provide not lower than ¾-statute mile
 approach visibility minimums.
 2/ These dimensional standards pertain to facilities for small airplanes exclusively.




30
3/ The runway safety area (RSA) length begins at each runway end when a stopway is not provided. When a stopway is provided, the length begins
at the stopway end.
4/ The standard RSA length beyond the runway end may be reduced to the standard RSA length prior to landing threshold if a standard Engineered
Materials Arresting System (EMAS) is provided. To qualify for this reduction, the EMAS installation must provide the ability to stop the critical aircraft
exiting the end of the runway at 70 knots, and the runway must provide either instrument or visual vertical guidance for approaches in the opposite
direction. See AC 150/5220-22.
5/ The runway object free area length beyond the end of the runway never exceeds the standard RSA length beyond the runway end as provided by
note 4 above.


Table 3-2. Runway design standards for aircraft approach category A & B runways with lower than
3/4-statute mile (1,200 m) approach visibility minimums
(Refer also to Appendix 16 for the establishment of new approaches)
                                                  DIM                                     Airplane Design Group
                   ITEM
                                                   1/             I 2/                I             II        III                              IV
  Runway Length                                     A                                     - Refer to paragraph 301 -
                                                                 75 ft             100 ft           100 ft        100 ft                     150 ft
  Runway Width                                      B
                                                                 23 m              30 m              30 m          30 m                      45 m
                                                                 10 ft              10 ft              10 ft              20 ft               25 ft
  Runway Shoulder Width
                                                                  3m                3m                 3m                  6m                7.5 m
                                                                 95 ft             120 ft             120 ft              140 ft             200 ft
  Runway Blast Pad Width
                                                                 29 m              36 m                36 m               42 m               60 m
                                                                 60 ft             100 ft             150 ft              200 ft             200 ft
  Runway Blast Pad Length
                                                                 18 m              30 m                45 m               60 m                60 m
                                                                300 ft             300 ft             300 ft             400 ft              500 ft
  Runway Safety Area Width                          C
                                                                90 m               90 m               90 m               120 m               150 m
  Runway Safety Area Length                                     600 ft             600 ft             600 ft              600 ft             600 ft
  Prior to Landing Threshold 3/, 4/                             180 m             180 m               180 m              180 m               180 m
  Runway Safety Area Length                                     600 ft            600 ft              600 ft             800 ft             1,000 ft
                                                    P
  Beyond RW End 3/                                              180 m             180 m               180 m              240 m               300 m
  Obstacle Free Zone Width
                                                                                            - Refer to paragraph 306 -
  And Length
                                                                800 ft            800 ft              800 ft             800 ft              800 ft
  Runway Object Free Area Width                     Q
                                                                240 m             240 m               240 m              240 m               240 m
  Runway Object Free Area                                       600 ft            600 ft              600 ft             800 ft             1,000 ft
                                                    R
  Length Beyond RW End 5/                                       180 m             180 m               180 m              240 m               300 m

1/ Letters correspond to the dimensions on figures 2-1 and 2-3. Use this table for both ends of the runway even when one end does not have lower
than ¾-statute mile visibility minimums.
2/ These dimensional standards pertain to facilities for small airplanes exclusively.
3/ The runway safety area (RSA) length begins at each runway end when a stopway is not provided. When a stopway is provided, the length begins
at the stopway end.
4/ The standard RSA length beyond the runway end may be reduced to the standard RSA length prior to landing threshold if a standard Engineered
Materials Arresting System (EMAS) is provided. To qualify for this reduction, the EMAS installation must provide the ability to stop the critical aircraft
exiting the end of the runway at 70 knots, and the runway must provide either instrument or visual vertical guidance for approaches in the opposite
direction. See AC 150/5220-22.
5/ The runway object free area length beyond the end of the runway never exceeds the standard RSA length beyond the runway end as provided by
note 4 above.




                                                                                                                                                         31
 Table 3-3. Runway design standards for aircraft approach categories C & D
 (Refer also to Appendix 16 for the establishment of new approaches)

                                                  DIM                                     Airplane Design Group
                    ITEM                           1/              I               II          III       IV                        V               VI
     Runway Length                                  A                                       - Refer to paragraph 301 -
                                                                100 ft          100 ft         100 ft 2/     150 ft              150 ft          200 ft
     Runway Width                                   B
                                                                30 m            30 m           30 m 2/        45m                45 m            60 m
                                                                 10 ft           10 ft          20 ft 2/         25 ft            35 ft           40 ft
     Runway Shoulder Width 3/
                                                                 3m               3m            6 m 2/           7.5 m          10.5 m           12 m
                                                                120 ft          120 ft         140 ft 2/         200 ft          220 ft          280 ft
     Runway Blast Pad Width
                                                                 36 m            36 m          42 m 2/           60 m            66 m            84 m
                                                                100 ft          150 ft          200 ft           200 ft          400 ft          400 ft
     Runway Blast Pad Length
                                                                 30 m            45 m            60 m            60 m           120 m            120 m
                                                                500 ft          500 ft          500 ft          500 ft          500 ft           500 ft
     Runway Safety Area Width 4/                    C
                                                                150 m           150 m           150 m           150 m           150 m            150 m
     Runway Safety Area Length                                  600 ft          600 ft          600 ft          600 ft          600 ft           600 ft
     Prior to Landing Threshold 5/, 6/                          180 m           180 m           180 m           180 m           180 m            180 m
     Runway Safety Area Length                                 1,000 ft        1,000 ft        1,000 ft        1,000 ft         1,000 ft        1,000 ft
                                                    P
     Beyond RW End 5/, 6/                                       300 m           300 m           300 m           300 m            300 m           300 m
     Obstacle Free Zone Width
                                                                                           - Refer to paragraph 306 -
     And Length
                                                                800 ft          800 ft          800 ft          800 ft           800 ft          800 ft
     Runway Object Free Area Width                  Q
                                                                240 m           240 m           240 m           240 m            240 m           240 m
     Runway Object Free Area                                   1,000 ft        1,000 ft        1,000 ft        1,000 ft         1,000 ft        1,000 ft
                                                    R
     Length Beyond RW End 7/                                    300 m           300 m           300 m           300 m            300 m           300 m
 1/ Letters correspond to the dimensions on figures 2-1 and 2-3.
 2/ For Airplane Design Group III serving airplanes with maximum certificated takeoff weight greater than 150,000 pounds (68,100 kg), the standard
 runway width is 150 feet (45 m), the shoulder width is 25 feet (7.5 m), and the runway blast pad width is 200 feet (60 m).
 3/ Design Groups V and VI normally require stabilized or paved shoulder surfaces.
 4/ For Airport Reference Code C-I and C-II, a runway safety area width of 400 feet (120 m) is permissible.
 5/ The runway safety area (RSA) length begins at each runway end when a stopway is not provided. When a stopway is provided, the length begins at
 the stopway end.
 6/ The standard RSA length beyond the runway end may be reduced to the standard RSA length prior to landing threshold if a standard Engineered
 Materials Arresting System (EMAS) is provided. To qualify for this reduction, the EMAS installation must provide the ability to stop the critical aircraft
 exiting the end of the runway at 70 knots, and the runway must provide either instrument or visual vertical guidance for approaches in the opposite
 direction. See AC 150/5220-22.
 7/ The runway object free area length beyond the end of the runway never exceeds the standard RSA length beyond the runway end as provided by
 note 6 above.



 Chapter 4: Taxiway & Taxilane Design
 Table 4-1. Taxiway dimensional standards

                                                  DIM                                     Airplane Design Group
                    ITEM                           1/              I               II          III       IV                        V               VI
                                                                25 ft            35 ft         50 ft 2/          75 ft           75 ft           100 ft
     Taxiway Width                                  W
                                                                7.5 m           10.5 m         15 m 2/           23 m            23 m            30 m
                                                                  5 ft           7.5 ft         10 ft 4/         15 ft            15 ft           20 ft
     Taxiway Edge Safety Margin 3/
                                                                1.5 m          2.25 m           3m 4/            4.5 m           4.5 m            6m

     Taxiway Pavement Fillet
                                                                                               - Refer to Table 4-2 -
     Configuration
                                                                 10 ft          10 ft            20 ft            25 ft         35 ft 5/        40 ft 5/
     Taxiway Shoulder Width
                                                                  3m             3m              6m              7.5 m         10.5m 5/         12 m 5/
                                                                 49 ft          79 ft           118 ft           171 ft          214 ft          262 ft
     Taxiway Safety Area Width                      E
                                                                 15 m           24 m            36 m             52 m            65 m            80 m
                                                                 89 ft          131 ft          186 ft           259 ft         320 ft           386 ft
     Taxiway Object Free Area
                                                                 27 m           40 m            57 m             79 m            97 m            118 m
                                                                 79 ft          115 ft          162 ft           225 ft          276 ft          334 ft
     Taxilane Object Free Area Width
                                                                 24 m           35 m            49 m             68 m            84 m            102 m
1/ Letters correspond to the dimensions on figures 2-1 and 4-1.
2/ For airplanes in Airplane Design Group III with a wheelbase equal to or greater than 60 feet (18 m), the standard taxiway width is 60 feet (18 m).



32
3/ The taxiway edge safety margin is the minimum acceptable distance between the outside of the airplane wheels and the pavement edge.
4/ For airplanes in Airplane Design Group III with a wheelbase equal to or greater than 60 feet (18 m), the taxiway edge safety margin is 15 feet (4.5 m).
5/ Airplanes in Airplane Design Groups V and VI normally require stabilized or paved taxiway shoulder surfaces.
Consideration should be given to objects near runway/taxiway/taxilane intersections, which can be impacted by exhaust wake from a turning aircraft.
The values obtained from the following equations may be used to show that a modification of standards will provide an acceptable level of safety.
Refer to paragraph 6 for guidance on modification of standards requirements.
Taxiway safety area width equals the airplane wingspan;
Taxiway OFA width equals 1.4 times airplane wingspan plus 20 feet (6 m); and
Taxilane OFA width equals 1.2 times airplane wingspan plus 20 feet (6 m).


Table 4-2. Taxiway fillet dimensions

                                                                                        Airplane Design Group
                                                 DIM
                   ITEM                           1/                                                                             V               VI
                                                                  I              II            III 2/           IV
                                                               75 ft           75 ft          100 ft           150 ft          150 ft          170 ft
  Radius of Taxiway Turn 3/                        R
                                                              22.5 m          22.5 m           30 m            45 m            45 m            51 m

                                                               50 ft           50 ft          150 ft          250 ft          250 ft          250 ft
  Length of Lead-in to Fillet                      L
                                                               15 m            15 m            45 m            75 m            75 m            75 m

                                                               60 ft           55 ft           55 ft           85 ft           85 ft           85 ft
  Fillet Radius for Tracking
                                                   F
  Centerline
                                                               18 m           16.5 m          16.5 m          25.5 m          25.5 m          25.5 m

  Fillet Radius for Judgemental                               62.5 ft         57.5 ft          68 ft          105 ft          105 ft           110 ft
  Oversteering Symmetrical                         F
  Widening 4/                                                18.75m          17.25m           20.4 m          31.5 m          31.5 m           33 m

  Fillet Radius for Judgemental                               62.5 ft         57.5 ft          60 ft           97 ft           97 ft          100 ft
  Oversteering One Side                            F
  Widening 5/                                                18.75 m         17.25 m           18 m            29 m            29 m            30 m

1/ Letters correspond to the dimensions on figure 4-1.
2/ Airplanes in Airplane Design Group III with a wheelbase equal to or greater than 60 feet (18 m) should use a fillet radius of 50 feet (15 m).
3/ Dimensions for taxiway fillet designs relate to the radius of taxiway turn specified. Figures 4-2 and 4-3 show taxiway fillet designs that provide the
standard taxiway edge safety margin for a range of wheelbase and undercarriage width combinations. Custom-designed pavement fillet are necessary
when the specified “R” or the undercarriage (also undercarriage to cockpit) dimensions fall outside of the standard taxiway edge safety margin of
figures 4-2 and 4-3.
The equations in appendix 10 or the use of a computer program offer this ability. Appendix 11 gives details on availability of this program.
4/ The center sketch of figure 4-1 displays pavement fillets with symmetrical taxiway widening.
5/ The lower sketch of figure 4-1 displays a pavement fillet with taxiway widening on one side.


Table 4-3. Wingtip clearance standards
                                                 DIM                                    Airplane Design Group
                   ITEM
                                                                  I              II          III       IV                        V               VI
                                                               20 ft           26 ft           34 ft           44 ft           53 ft           62 ft
  Taxiway Wingtip Clearance
                                                                6m              8m            10.5 m          13.5 m           16 m            19 m
                                                               15 ft           18 ft           22 ft           27 ft           31 ft           36 ft
  Taxiway Wingtip Clearance
                                                               4.5 m           5.5 m           6.5 m            8m             9.5 m           11 m
The values obtained from the following equations may be used to show that a modification of standards will provide an acceptable level of safety.
Refer to paragraph 6 for guidance on modification of standards requirements.
Taxiway wingtip clearance equals 0.2 times airplane wingspan plus 10 feet (3 m) and
Taxilane wingtip clearance equals 0.1 times airplane wingspan plus 10 feet (3 m).




   Source: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5300-13/150_5300_13_part1.pdf




                                                                                                                                                         33
AIrport
detAIls
36
      AIrport Codes, unIted stAtes


A                                Bemidji, MN (BJI)                  Chattanooga, TN (CHA)
Aberdeen, SD (ABR)               Benton Harbor, MI (BEH)            Chefornak, AK (CYF)
Abilene, TX (ABI)                Bethel, AK (BET)                   Chevak, AK (VAK)
Adak Island, AK (ADK)            Bethlehem, PA (ABE)                Cheyenne, WY (CYS)
Akiachak, AK (KKI)               Bettles, AK (BTT)                  Chicago, IL - All airports (CHI)
Akiak, AK (AKI)                  Billings, MT (BIL)                 Chicago, IL - Midway (MDW)
Akron/Canton, OH (CAK)           Biloxi/Gulfport, MS (GPT)          Chicago, IL - O’Hare (ORD)
Akuton, AK (KQA)                 Binghamton, NY (BGM)               Chicken, AK (CKX)
Alakanuk, AK (AUK)               Birch Creek, AK (KBC)              Chico, CA (CIC)
Alamogordo, NM (ALM)             Birmingham, AL (BHM)               Chignik, AK - Fisheries (KCG)
Alamosa, CO (ALS)                Bismarck, ND (BIS)                 Chignik, AK - (KCQ)
Albany, NY (ALB)                 Block Island, RI (BID)             Chignik, AK - Lagoon (KCL)
Albany, OR - Bus service (CVO)   Bloomington, IL (BMI)              Chisana, AK (CZN)
Albany, OR - Bus service (QWY)   Bluefield, WV (BLF)                Chisholm/Hibbing, MN (HIB)
Albuquerque, NM (ABQ)            Boise, ID (BOI)                    Chuathbaluk, AK (CHU)
Aleknagik, AK (WKK)              Boston, MA (BOS)                   Cincinnati, OH (CVG)
Alexandria, LA (AEX)             Boulder, CO - Bus service (XHH)    Circle Hot Springs, AK (CHP)
Allakaket, AK (AET)              Boulder, CO - Hiltons Har H        Circle, AK (IRC)
Allentown, PA (ABE)              (WHH)                              Clarks Point, AK (CLP)
Alliance, NE (AIA)               Boulder, CO - Municipal Airport    Clarksburg, WV (CKB)
Alpena, MI (APN)                 (WBU)                              Clearwater/St Petersburg, FL (PIE)
Altoona, PA (AOO)                Boundary, AK (BYA)                 Cleveland, OH (CLE)
Amarillo, TX (AMA)               Bowling Green, KY (BWG)            Clovis, NM (CVN)
Ambler, AK (ABL)                 Bozeman, MT (BZN)                  Cody/Yellowstone, WY (COD)
Anaktueuk, AK (AKP)              Bradford, PA (BFD)                 Coffee Point, AK (CFA)
Anchorage, AK (ANC)              Brainerd, MN (BRD)                 Coffman Cove, AK (KCC)
Angoon, AK (AGN)                 Brawnwood, TX (BWD)                Cold Bay, AK (CDB)
Aniak, AK (ANI)                  Bristol, VA (TRI)                  College Station, TX (CLL)
Anvik, AK (ANV)                  Brookings, SD (BKX)                Colorado Springs, CO (COS)
Appleton, WI (ATW)               Brooks Lodge, AK (RBH)             Columbia, MO (COU)
Arcata, CA (ACV)                 Brownsville, TX (BRO)              Columbia, SC (CAE)
Arctic Village, AK (ARC)         Brunswick, GA (BQK)                Columbus, GA (CSG)
Asheville, NC (AVL)              Buckland, AK (BKC)                 Columbus, MS (GTR)
Ashland, KY/Huntington, WV       Buffalo, NY (BUF)                  Columbus, OH (CMH)
(HTS)                            Bullhead City/Laughlin, AZ (IFP)   Concord, CA (CCR)
Aspen, CO (ASE)                  Burbank, CA (BUR)                  Concordia, KS (CNK)
Athens, GA (AHN)                 Burlington, IA (BRL)               (QCE)
Atka, AK (AKB)                   Burlington, VT (BTV)               Cordova, AK (CDV)
Atlanta, GA (ATL)                Butte, MT (BTM)                    Corpus Christi, TX (CRP)
Atlantic City, NJ (AIY)          C                                  Cortez, CO (CEZ)
Atqasuk, AK (ATK)                Canton/Akron, OH (CAK)             Craig, AK (CGA)
Augusta, GA (AGS)                Cape Girardeau, MO (CGI)           Crescent City, CA (CEC)
Augusta, ME (AUG)                Cape Lisburne, AK (LUR)            Crooked Creek, AK (CKO)
Austin, TX (AUS)                 Cape Newenham, AK (EHM)            Cube Cove, AK (CUW)
B                                Carbondale, IL (MDH)               Cumberland, MD (CBE)
Bakersfield, CA (BFL)            Carlsbad, CA (CLD)                 D
Baltimore, MD (BWI)              Carlsbad, NM (CNM)                 Dallas, TX - Love Field (DAL)
Bangor, ME (BGR)                 Carmel, CA (MRY)                   Dallas, TX - Dallas/Ft Worth Intl.
Bar Harbour, ME (BHB)            Casper, WY (CPR)                   (DFW)
Barrow, AK (BRW)                 Cedar City, UT (CDC)               Dayton, OH (DAY)
Barter Island, AK (BTI)          Cedar Rapids, IA (CID)             Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Baton Rouge, LA (BTR)            Central, AK (CEM)                  Decatur, IL (DEC)
Bay City, MI (MBS)               Chadron, NE (CDR)                  Deering, AK (DRG)
Beaumont/Port Arthur, TX (BPT)   Chalkyitsik, AK (CIK)              Del Reo, TX (DRT)
Beaver, AK (WBQ)                 Champaign/Urbana, IL (CMI)         Delta Junction, AK (DJN)
Beckley, WV (BKW)                Charleston, SC (CHS)               Denver, CO - International (DEN)
Bedford, MA (BED)                Charleston, WV (CRW)               Des Moines, IA (DSM)
Belleville, IL (BLV)             Charlotte, NC (CLT)                Detroit, MI - All airports (DTT)
Bellingham, WA (BLI)             Charlottesville, VA (CHO)          Detroit, MI - Metro/Wayne County



                                                                                                         37
     (DTW)                                Fresno, CA (FAT)                    (MKK)
     Devil’s Lake, ND (DVL)               G                                   Hoonah, AK (HNH)
     Dickinson, ND (DIK)                  Gainesville, FL (GNV)               Hooper Bay, AK (HPB)
     Dillingham, AK (DLG)                 Gallup, NM (GUP)                    Hot Springs, AR (HOT)
     Dodge City, KS (DDC)                 Garden City, KS (GCK)               Houston, TX - All airports (HOU)
     Dothan, AL (DHN)                     Gary, IN (GYY)                      Houston, TX - Hobby (HOU)
     Dubois, PA (DUJ)                     Gillette, WY (GCC)                  Houston, TX - Intercontinental
     Dubuque, IA (DBQ)                    Gladewater/Kilgore, TX (GGG)        (IAH)
     Duluth, MN (DLH)                     Glasgow, MT (GGW)                   Hughes, AK (HUS)
     Durango, CO (DRO)                    Glendive, MT (GDV)                  Huntington, WV/Ashland, KY
     Durham, NC (RDU)                     Golovin, AK (GLV)                   (HTS)
     Durham/Raleigh, NC (RDU)             Goodnews Bay, AK (GNU)              Huntsville, AL (HSV)
     Dutch Harbor, AK (DUT)               Grand Canyon, AZ - Heliport         Huron, SD (HON)
     E                                    (JGC)                               Huslia, AK (HSL)
     Easton, PA (ABE)                     Grand Canyon, AZ - National Park    Hyannis, MA (HYA)
     Eau Claire, WI (EAU)                 (GCN)                               Hydaburg, AK (HYG)
     Edna Bay, AK (EDA)                   Grand Forks, ND (GFK)               I
     Eek, AK (EEK)                        Grand Island, NE (GRI)              Idaho Falls, ID (IDA)
     Ekuk, AK (KKU)                       Grand Junction, CO (GJT)            Igiugig, AK (IGG)
     Ekwok, AK (KEK)                      Grand Rapids, MI (GRR)              Iliamna, AK (ILI)
     El Centro, CA (IPL)                  Grand Rapids, MN (GPZ)              Imperial, CA (IPL)
     El Dorado, AR (ELD)                  Grayling, AK (KGX)                  Indianapolis, IN (IND)
     El Paso, TX (ELP)                    Great Falls, MT (GTF)               International Falls, MN (INL)
     Elfin Cove, AK (ELV)                 Green Bay, WI (GRB)                 Inyokern, CA (IYK)
     Elim, AK (ELI)                       Greensboro, NC (GSO)                Iron Mountain, MI (IMT)
     Elko, NV (EKO)                       Greenville, MS (GLH)                Ironwood, MI (IWD)
     Elmira, NY (ELM)                     Greenville, NC (PGV)                Islip, NY (ISP)
     Ely, MN (LYU)                        Greenville/Spartanburg, SC (GSP)    Ithaca, NY (ITH)
     Emmonak, AK (EMK)                    Groton/New London, CT (GON)
     Endicott, NY (BGM)                   Gulfport, MS (GPT)                  J
     Enid, OK (WDG)                       Gunnison, CO (GUC)                  Jackson Hole, WY (JAC)
     Erie, PA (ERI)                       Gustavus, AK (GST)                  Jackson, MS (JAN)
     Escanaba, MI (ESC)                   H                                   Jackson, TN (MKL)
     Eugene, OR (EUG)                     Hagerstown, MD (HGR)                Jacksonville, FL (JAX)
     Eureka/Arcata, CA (ACV)              Hailey, ID (SUN)                    Jacksonville, NC (OAJ)
     Eureka, NV (EUE)                     Haines, AK (HNS)                    Jamestown, ND (JMS)
     Evansville, IN (EVV)                 Hampton, VA (PHF)                   Jamestown, NY (JHW)
     F                                    Hana, HI - Island of Maui (HNM)     Janesville, WI (JVL)
     Fairbanks, AK (FAI)                  Hanapepe, HI (PAK)                  Johnson City, NY (BGM)
     Fargo, ND (FAR)                      Hancock, MI (CMX)                   Johnson City, TN (TRI)
     Farmington, NM (FMN)                 Hanover, NH (LEB)                   Johnstown, PA (JST)
     Fayetteville, AR - Municipal/Drake   Harlingen, TX (HRL)                 Jonesboro, AR (JBR)
     (FYV)                                Harrisburg, PA (MDT)                Joplin, MO (JLN)
     Fayetteville, AR - Northwest         Harrison, AR (HRO)                  Juneau, AK (JNU)
     Arkansas Regional (XNA)              Hartford, CT (BDL)                  K
     Fayetteville, NC (FAY)               Havasupai, AZ (HAE)                 Kahului, HI - Island of Maui, (OGG)
     Flagstaff, AZ (FLG)                  Havre, MT (HVR)                     Kake, AK (KAE)
     Flint, MI (FNT)                      Hayden, CO (HDN)                    Kakhonak, AK (KNK)
     Florence, SC (FLO)                   Hays, KS (HYS)                      Kalamazoo, MI (AZO)
     Florence/Muscle Shoals/Sheffield,    Healy Lake, AK (HKB)                Kalaupapa, HI - Island of Molokai,
     AL (MSL)                             Helena, MT (HLN)                    (LUP)
     Fort Collins/Loveland, CO -          Hendersonville, NC (AVL)            Kalskag, AK (KLG)
     Municipal Airport (FNL)              Hibbing/Chisholm, MN (HIB)          Kaltag, AK (KAL)
     Fort Collins/Loveland, CO - Bus      Hickory, NC (HKY)                   Kamuela, HI - Island of Hawaii,
     service (QWF)                        High Point, NC (GSO)                (MUE)
     Fort Dodge, IA (FOD)                 Hilo, HI - Island of Hawaii (ITO)   Kansas City, MO (MCI)
     Fort Lauderdale, FL (FLL)            Hilton Head, SC (HHH)               Kapalua, HI - Island of Maui, (JHM)
     Fort Leonard Wood, MO (TBN)          Hobbs, NM (HBB)                     Kasaan, AK (KXA)
     Fort Myers, FL (RSW)                 Hollis, AK (HYL)                    Kasigluk, AK (KUK)
     Fort Smith, AR (FSM)                 Holy Cross, AK (HCR)                Kauai Island/Lihue, HI (LIH)
     Fort Walton Beach, FL (VPS)          Homer, AK (HOM)                     Kearney, NE (EAR)
     Fort Wayne, IN (FWA)                 Honolulu, HI - Island of Oahu       Keene, NH (EEN)
     Fort Worth/Dallas, TX (DFW)          (HNL)                               Kenai, AK (ENA)
     Franklin, PA (FKL)                   Hoolehua, HI - Island of Molokai    Ketchikan, AK (KTN)


38
Key West, FL (EYW)                  Manchester, NH (MHT)               New London/Groton (GON)
Kiana, AK (IAN)                     Manhattan, KS (MHK)                New Orleans, LA (MSY)
Kilgore/Gladewater, TX (GGG)        Manistee, MI (MBL)                 New Stuyahok, AK (KNW)
Killeen, TX (ILE)                   Mankato, MN (MKT)                  New York, NY - All airports (NYC)
King Cove, AK (KVC)                 Manley Hot Springs, AK (MLY)       New York, NY - Kennedy (JFK)
King Salmon, AK (AKN)               Manokotak, AK (KMO)                New York, NY - La Guardia (LGA)
Kingman, AZ (IGM)                   Marietta, OH/Parkersburg, WV       Newark, NJ (EWR)
Kingsport, TN (TRI)                 (PKB)                              Newburgh/Stewart Field, NY
Kipnuk, AK (KPN)                    Marion, IL (MWA)                   (SWF)
Kirksville, MO (IRK)                Marquette, MI (MQT)                Newport News, VA (PHF)
Kivalina, AK (KVL)                  Marshall, AK (MLL)                 Newtok, AK (WWT)
Klamath Falls, OR (LMT)             Martha’s Vineyard, MA (MVY)        Nightmute, AK (NME)
Klawock, AK (KLW)                   Martinsburg, PA (AOO)              Nikolai, AK (NIB)
Knoxville, TN (TYS)                 Mason City, IA (MCW)               Nikolski, AK (IKO)
Kobuk, AK (OBU)                     Massena, NY (MSS)                  Noatak, AK (WTK)
Kodiak, AK (ADQ)                    Maui, HI (OGG)                     Nome, AK (OME)
Kona, HI - Island of Hawaii (KOA)   Mcallen, TX (MFE)                  Nondalton, AK (NNL)
Kongiganak, AK (KKH)                Mccook, NE (MCK)                   Noorvik, AK (ORV)
Kotlik, AK (KOT)                    Mcgrath, AK (MCG)                  Norfolk, NE (OFK)
Kotzebue, AK (OTZ)                  Medford, OR (MFR)                  Norfolk, VA (ORF)
Koyukuk, AK (KYU)                   Mekoryuk, AK (MYU)                 North Bend, OR (OTH)
Kwethluk, AK (KWT)                  Melbourne, FL (MLB)                North Platte, NE (LBF)
Kwigillingok, AK (KWK)              Memphis, TN (MEM)                  Northway, AK (ORT)
L                                   Merced, CA (MCE)                   Nuiqsut, AK (NUI)
La Crosse, WI (LSE)                 Meridian, MS (MEI)                 Nulato, AK (NUL)
Lafayette, IN (LAF)                 Metlakatla, AK (MTM)               Nunapitchuk, AK (NUP)
Lafayette, LA (LFT)                 Meyers Chuck, AK (WMK)             O
Lake Charles, LA (LCH)              Miami, FL - International (MIA)    Oakland, CA (OAK)
Lake Havasu City, AZ (HII)          Miami, FL - Sea Plane Base (MPB)   Odessa/Midland, TX (MAF)
Lake Minchumina, AK (LMA)           Midland, MI (MBS)                  Ogdensburg, NY (OGS)
Lanai City, HI - Island of Lanai    Midland/Odessa, TX (MAF)           Oklahoma City, OK (OKC)
(LNY)                               Miles City, MT (MLS)               Omaha, NE (OMA)
Lancaster, PA (LNS)                 Milwaukee, WI (MKE)                Ontario, CA (ONT)
Lansing, MI (LAN)                   Minneapolis, MN (MSP)              Orange County, CA (SNA)
Laramie, WY (LAR)                   Minot, ND (MOT)                    Orlando, FL - Herndon (ORL)
Laredo, TX (LRD)                    Minto, AK (MNT)                    Orlando, FL - International (MCO)
Las Vegas, NV (LAS)                 Mission, TX (MFE)                  Oshkosh, WI (OSH)
Latrobe, PA (LBE)                   Missoula, MT (MSO)                 Ottumwa, IA (OTM)
Laurel, MS (PIB)                    Moab, UT (CNY)                     Owensboro, KY (OWB)
Lawton, OK (LAW)                    Mobile, AL (MOB)                   Oxnard/Ventura, CA (OXR)
Lebanon, NH (LEB)                   Modesto, CA (MOD)                  P
Levelock, AK (KLL)                  Moline, IL (MLI)                   Paducah, KY (PAH)
Lewisburg, WV (LWB)                 Monroe, LA (MLU)                   Page, AZ (PGA)
Lewiston, ID (LWS)                  Monterey, CA (MRY)                 Palm Springs, CA (PSP)
Lewistown, MT (LWT)                 Montgomery, AL (MGM)               Panama City, FL (PFN)
Lexington, KY (LEX)                 Montrose, CO (MTJ)                 Parkersburg, WV/Marietta, OH
Liberal, KS (LBL)                   Morgantown, WV (MGW)               (PKB)
Lihue, HI - Island of Kaui (LIH)    Moses Lake, WA (MWH)               Pasco, WA (PSC)
Lincoln, NE (LNK)                   Mountain Home, AR (WMH)            Pedro Bay, AK (PDB)
Little Rock, AR (LIT)               Mountain Village, AK (MOU)         Pelican, AK (PEC)
Long Beach, CA (LGB)                Muscle Shoals, AL (MSL)            Pellston, MI (PLN)
Longview, TX (GGG)                  Muskegon, MI (MKG)                 Pendleton, OR (PDT)
Lopez Island, WA (LPS)              Myrtle Beach, SC (MYR)             Pensacola, FL (PNS)
Los Angeles, CA (LAX)               N                                  Peoria, IL (PIA)
Louisville, KY (SDF)                Nantucket, MA (ACK)                Perryville, AK (KPV)
Loveland/Fort Collins, CO -         Napakiak, AK (WNA)                 Petersburg, AK (PSG)
Municipal Airport (FNL)             Napaskiak, AK (PKA)                Philadelphia, PA - International
Loveland/Fort Collins, CO - Bus     Naples, FL (APF)                   (PHL)
service (QWF)                       Nashville, TN (BNA)                Philadelphia, PA - Trenton/Mercer
Lubbock, TX (LBB)                   Naukiti, AK (NKI)                  NJ (TTN)
M                                   Nelson Lagoon, AK (NLG)            Phoenix, AZ (PHX)
Macon, GA (MCN)                     New Chenega, AK (NCN)              Pierre, SD (PIR)
Madison, WI (MSN)                   New Haven, CT (HVN)                Pilot Point, AK - Ugashnik Bay
Madras, OR (MDJ)                    New Koliganek, AK (KGK)            (UGB)


                                                                                                           39
     Pilot Point, AK (PIP)            Saint George, UT (SGU)               Stebbins, AK (WBB)
     Pilot Station, AK (PQS)          Saint Louis, MO (STL)                Stevens Point/Wausau, WI (CWA)
     Pittsburgh, PA (PIT)             Saint Mary’s, AK (KSM)               Stevens Village, AK (SVS)
     Platinum, AK (PTU)               Saint Michael, AK (SMK)              Stewart Field/Newburgh, NY
     Plattsburgh, NY (PLB)            Saint Paul Island, AK (SNP)          (SWF)
     Pocatello, ID (PIH)              Salem, OR (SLE)                      Stockton, CA (SCK)
     Point Baker, AK (KPB)            Salina, KS (SLN)                     Stony River, AK (SRV)
     Point Hope, AK (PHO)             Salisbury-Ocean City, MD (SBY)       Sun Valley, ID (SUN)
     Point Lay, AK (PIZ)              Salt Lake City, UT (SLC)             Syracuse, NY (SYR)
     Ponca City, OK (PNC)             San Angelo, TX (SJT)                 T
     Ponce, Puerto Rico (PSE)         San Antonio, TX (SAT)                Takotna, AK (TCT)
     Port Alsworth, AK (PTA)          San Diego, CA (SAN)                  Talkeetna, AK (TKA)
     Port Angeles, WA (CLM)           San Francisco, CA (SFO)              Tallahassee, FL (TLH)
     Port Arthur/Beaumont, TX (BPT)   San Jose, CA (SJC)                   Tampa, FL (TPA)
     Port Clarence, AK (KPC)          San Juan, Puerto Rico (SJU)          Tanana, AK (TAL)
     Port Heiden, AK (PTH)            San Luis Obispo, CA (SBP)            Taos, NM (TSM)
     Port Moller, AK (PML)            Sand Point, AK (SDP)                 Tatitlek, AK (TEK)
     Port Protection, AK (PPV)        Sanford, FL (SFB)                    Teller Mission, AK (KTS)
     Portage Creek, AK (PCA)          Santa Ana, CA (SNA)                  Telluride, CO (TEX)
     Portland, ME (PWM)               Santa Barbara, CA (SBA)              Tenakee Springs, AK (TKE)
     Portland, OR (PDX)               Santa Fe, NM (SAF)                   Terre Haute, IN (HUF)
     Portsmouth, NH (PSM)             Santa Maria, CA (SMX)                Tetlin, AK (TEH)
     Poughkeepsie, NY (POU)           Santa Rosa, CA (STS)                 Texarkana, AR (TXK)
     Prescott, AZ (PRC)               Saranac Lake, NY (SLK)               Thief River Falls, MN (TVF)
     Presque Isle, ME (PQI)           Sarasota, FL (SRQ)                   Thorne Bay, AK (KTB)
     Princeton, WV (BLF)              Sault Ste Marie, MI, (CIU)           Tin City, AK (TNC)
     Providence, RI (PVD)             Savannah, GA (SAV)                   Togiak Village, AK (TOG)
     Provincetown, MA (PVC)           Savoonga, AK (SVA)                   Tok, AK (TKJ)
     Prudhoe Bay/Deadhorse, AK        Scammon Bay, AK (SCM)                Toksook Bay, AK (OOK)
     (SCC)                            Scottsbluff, NE (BFF)                Toledo, OH (TOL)
     Pueblo, CO (PUB)                 Scranton, PA (AVP)                   Topeka, KS (FOE)
     Pullman, WA (PUW)                Seattle, WA - Lake Union SPB         Traverse City, MI (TVC)
     Q                                (LKE)                                Trenton/Mercer, NJ (TTN)
     Quincy, IL (UIN)                 Seattle, WA - Seattle/Tacoma         Tucson, AZ (TUS)
     Quinhagak, AK (KWN)              International (SEA)                  Tulsa, OK (TUL)
     R                                Selawik, AK (WLK)                    Tuluksak, AK (TLT)
     Raleigh/Durham, NC (RDU)         Seward, AK (SWD)                     Tuntutuliak, AK (WTL)
     Rampart, AK (RMP)                Shageluk, AK (SHX)                   Tununak, AK (TNK)
     Rapid City, SD (RAP)             Shaktoolik, AK (SKK)                 Tupelo, MS (TUP)
     Reading, PA (RDG)                Sheffield/Florence/Muscle Shoals,    Tuscaloosa, AL (TCL)
     Red Devil, AK (RDV)              AL (MSL)                             Twin Falls, ID (TWF)
     Redding, CA (RDD)                Sheldon Point, AK (SXP)              Twin Hills, AK (TWA)
     Redmond, OR (RDM)                Sheridan, WY (SHR)                   Tyler, TX (TYR)
     Reno, NV (RNO)                   Shishmaref, AK (SHH)                 U
     Rhinelander, WI, (RHI)           Shreveport, LA (SHV)                 Unalakleet, AK (UNK)
     Richmond, VA (RIC)               Shungnak, AK (SHG)                   Urbana/Champaign, IL (CMI)
     Riverton, WY (RIW)               Silver City, NM (SVC)                Utica, NY (UCA)
     Roanoke, VA (ROA)                Sioux City, IA (SUX)                 Utopia Creek, AK (UTO)
     Roche Harbor, WA (RCE)           Sioux Falls, SD (FSD)                V
     Rochester, MN (RST)              Sitka, AK (SIT)                      Vail, CO - Eagle County Airport
     Rochester, NY (ROC)              Skagway, AK (SGY)                    (EGE)
     Rock Springs, WY (RKS)           Sleetmore, AK (SLQ)                  Valdez, AK (VDZ)
     Rockford, IL (RFD)               South Bend, IN (SBN)                 Valdosta, GA (VLD)
     Rockland, ME (RKD)               South Naknek, AK (WSN)               Valparaiso, FL (VPS)
     Rosario, WA (RSJ)                Southern Pines, NC (SOP)             Venetie, AK (VEE)
     Roswell, NM (ROW)                Spartanburg/Greenville, SC (GSP)     Ventura/Oxnard, CA (OXR)
     Ruby, AK (RBY)                   Spokane, WA (GEG)                    Vernal, UT (VEL)
     Russian Mission, AK (RSH)        Springfield, IL (SPI)                Victoria, TX (VCT)
     Rutland, VT (RUT)                Springfield, MO (SGF)                Visalia, CA (VIS)
     S                                St Petersburg/Clearwater, FL (PIE)   W
     Sacramento, CA (SMF)             State College/University Park,       Waco, TX (ACT)
     Saginaw, MI (MBS)                PA (SCE)                             Wainwright, AK (AIN)
     Saint Cloud, MN (STC)            Staunton, VA (SHD)                   Wales, AK (WAA)
     Saint George Island, AK (STG)    Steamboat Springs, CO (SBS)          Walla Walla, WA (ALW)


40
Washington DC - All airports (WAS)
Washington DC - Dulles (IAD)
Washington DC - National (DCA)
Waterfall, AK (KWF)
Waterloo, IA (ALO)
Watertown, NY (ART)
Watertown, SD (ATY)
Wausau/Stevens Point, WI (CWA)
Wenatchee, WA (EAT)
West Palm Beach, FL (PBI)
West Yellowstone, MT (WYS)
Westchester County, NY (HPN)
Westerly, RI (WST)
Westsound, WA (WSX)
Whale Pass, AK (WWP)
White Mountain, AK (WMO)
White River, VT (LEB)
Wichita Falls, TX (SPS)
Wichita, KS (ICT)
Wilkes Barre, PA (AVP)
Williamsburg, VA (PHF)
Williamsport, PA (IPT)
Williston, ND (ISN)
Wilmington, NC (ILM)
Windsor Locks, CT (BDL)
Worcester, MA (ORH)
Worland, WY (WRL)
Wrangell, AK (WRG)
Y
Yakima, WA (YKM)
Yakutat, AK (YAK)
Yellowstone/Cody, WY (COD)
Youngstown, OH (YNG)
Yuma, AZ (YUM)




                                     Source: http://www.orbitz.com/App/global/airportCodes.jsp


                                                                                                 41
                                    AIrport Codes, CAnAdA




     AB - Alberta                       Comox, BC (YQQ)                   Ilford, MB (ILF)
     BC - British Columbia              Coral Harbour, NU (YZS)           Inukjuak, QC (YPH)
     MB - Manitoba                      Cornwall, ON (YCC)                Inuvik, NT (YEV)
     NB - New Brunswick                 Courtenay, BC (YCA)               Iqaluit, NU (YFB)
     NL - Newfoundland                  Cranbrook, BC (YXC)               Island Lake/Garden Hill (YIV)
     NS - Nova Scotia                   Cross Lake, MB (YCR)              Ivujivik, QC (YIK)
     NT - Northwest Territory           Dauphin, MB (YDN)                 Kamloops, BC (YKA)
     NU - Nunavut                       Davis Inlet, NL (YDI)             Kangiqsualujjuaq, QC (XGR)
     ON - Ontario                       Dawson City, YT (YDA)             Kangiqsujuaq, QC (YWB)
     PE - Prince Edward Island          Dawson Creek, BC (YDQ)            Kangirsuk, QC (YKG)
     QC - Quebec                        Deer Lake, NL (YDF)               Kapuskasing, ON (YYU)
     SK - Saskatchewan                  Deer Lake, ON (YVZ)               Kasabonika, ON (XKS)
     YT - Yukon Territory               Deline, NT (YWJ)                  Kaschechewan, ON (ZKE)
                                        Dryden, ON (YHD)                  Keewaywin, ON (KEW)
     Abbotsford, BC (YXX)               Duncan/Quam, BC (DUQ)             Kegaska, QC (ZKG)
     Akulivik, QC (AKV)                 East Main, QC (ZEM)               Kelowna, BC (YLW)
     Alma, QC (YTF)                     Edmonton, AB (YEG)                Kenora, ON (YQK)
     Anahim Lake, BC (YAA)              Esquimalt, BC (YPF)               Kimmirut/Lake Harbour NU (YLC)
     Angling Lake, ON (YAX)             Flin Flon, MB (YFO)               Kingfisher Lake, ON (KIF)
     Arctic Bay, NU (YAB)               Fond du Lac, SK (ZFD)             Kingston, ON (YGK)
     Arviat, NU (YEK)                   Fort Albany, ON (YFA)             Kitchener, ON (YKF)
     Attawapiskat, ON (YAT)             Fort Chipewyan, AB (YPY)          Klemtu, BC (YKT)
     Aupaluk, QC (YPJ)                  Fort Frances, ON (YAG)            Kugaaruk, NU (YBB)
     Bagotville, QC (YBG)               Fort Good Hope, NT (YGH)          Kugluktuk/Coppermine, NU (YCO)
     Baie Comeau, QC (YBC)              Fort Hope, ON (YFH)               Kuujjuaq, QC (YVP)
     Baker Lake, NU (YBK)               Fort Mcmurray, AB (YMM)           Kuujjuarapik, QC (YGW)
     Bathhurst, NB (ZBF)                Fort Nelson, BC (YYE)             La Grande, QC (YGL)
     Bearskin Lake, ON (XBE)            Fort Severn, ON (YER)             La Ronge, SK (YVC)
     Bella Bella, BC (ZEL)              Fort Simpson, NT (YFS)            La Tabatiere, QC (ZLT)
     Bella Coola, BC (QBC)              Fort Smith, NT (YSM)              La Tuque, QC (YLQ)
     Berens River, MB (YBV)             Fort St John, BC (YXJ)            Lac Brochet, MB (XLB)
     Big Trout, ON (YTL)                Fox Harbour/St Lewis, NL (YFX)    Lansdowne House, ON (YLH)
     Black Tickle, NL (YBI)             Fredericton Junction, NB - Rail   Leaf Rapids, MB (YLR)
     Blanc Sablon, QC (YBX)             service (XFC)                     Lethbridge, AB (YQL)
     Bonaventure, QC (YVB)              Fredericton, NB (YFC)             Lloydminister, AB (YLL)
     Brandon, MB (YBR)                  Gander, NL (YQX)                  London, ON (YXU)
     Brochet, MB (YBT)                  Gaspe, QC (YGP)                   Lutselke/Snowdrift, NT (YSG)
     Brockville, ON (XBR)               Gethsemani, QC (ZGS)              Mary’s Harbour, NL (YMH)
     Burns Lake, BC (YPZ)               Gillam, MB (YGX)                  Medicine Hat, AB (YXH)
     Calgary, AB (YYC)                  Gillies Bay, BC (YGB)             Moncton, NB (YQM)
     Cambridge Bay, NU (YCB)            Gjoa Haven, NU (YHK)              Mont Joli, QC (YYY)
     Campbell River, BC (YBL)           Gods Narrows, MB (YGO)            Montreal, QC - all airports (YMQ)
     Cape Dorset, NU (YTE)              Gods River, MB (ZGI)              Montreal, QC - Dorval (YUL)
     Cartwright, NL (YRF)               Goose Bay, NL (YYR)               Moosonee, ON (YMO)
     Castlegar, BC (YCG)                Grande Prairie, AB (YQU)          Muskrat Dam, ON (MSA)
     Cat Lake, ON (YAC)                 Grimsby, ON (XGY)                 Nain, NL (YDP)
     Chapleau, ON (YLD)                 Grise Fiord, NU (YGZ)             Nakina, ON (YQN)
     Charlottetown, NL (YHG)            Halifax, NS (YHZ)                 Nanaimo, BC - Harbour Airport
     Charlottetown, PE (YYG)            Hall Beach, NU (YUX)              (ZNA)
     Chatham, ON (XCM)                  Hamilton, ON (YHM)                Nanaimo, BC - Cassidy Airport
     Chesterfield Inlet, NU (YCS)       Havre St Pierre, QC (YGV)         (YCD)
     Chevery, QC (YHR)                  Hay River, NT (YHY)               Nanisivik, NU (YSR)
     Chibougamau, QC (YMT)              High Level, AB (YOJ)              Natashquan, QC (YNA)
     Chisasibi, QC (YKU)                Holman, NT (YHI)                  Nemiscau, QC (YNS)
     Churchill Falls, NL (ZUM)          Hopedale, NL (YHO)                Noranda/Rouyn, QC (YUY)
     Churchill, MB (YYQ)                Hudson Bay, SK (YHB)              Norman Wells, NT (YVQ)
     Clyde River, NU (YCY)              Igloolik, NU (YGT)                North Bay, ON (YYB)
     Colville Lake, NT (YCK)            Iles De La Madeleine, QC (YGR)    North Spirit Lake, ON (YNO)



42
Norway House, MB (YNE)             Sanikiluaq, NU (YSK)                 Winnipeg, MB (YWG)
Ogoki, ON (YOG)                    Sarnia, ON (YZR)                     Wollaston Lake, SK (ZWL)
Old Crow, YT (YOC)                 Saskatoon, SK (YXE)                  Wunnummin Lake, ON (WNN)
Opapamiska Lake, ON (YBS)          Sault Ste-Marie, ON (YAM)            Yarmouth, NS (YQI)
Oshawa, ON (YOO)                   Schefferville, QC (YKL)              Yellowknife, NT (YZF)
Ottawa, ON (YOW)                   Sept-Iles, QC (YZV)                  York Landing, MB (ZAC)
Oxford House, MB (YOH)             Shamattawa, MB (ZTM)
Pakuashipi, QC (YIF)               Sioux Lookout, ON (YXL)
Pangnirtung, NU (YXP)              Smith Falls, ON (YSH)
Paulatuk, NT (YPC)                 Smithers, BC (YYD)
Peace River, AB (YPE)              Snare Lake, NT (YFJ)
Peawanuck, ON (YPO)                South Indian Lake, MB (XSI)
Pembroke, ON (YTA)                 St Anthony, NL (YAY)
Penticton, BC (YYF)                St Catharines, ON (YCM)
Pickle Lake, ON (YPL)              Ste Therese Point, MB (YST)
Pikangikum, ON (YPM)               Stephenville, NL (YJT)
Points North Landing, SK (YNL)     Stony Rapids, SK (YSF)
Pond Inlet, NU (YIO)               Sudbury, ON (YSB)
Poplar Hill, ON (YHP)              Summer Beaver, ON (SUR)
Port Alberni, BC (YPB)             Swan River, MB (ZJN)
Port Hardy, BC (YZT)               Sydney, NS (YQY)
Port Hope Simpson, NL (YHA)        Tadoule Lake, MB (XTL)
Port Meiner, QC (YPN)              Taloyoak, NU (YYH)
Postville, NL (YSO)                Tasiujuaq, QC (YTQ)
Povungnituk, QC (YPX)              Terrace, BC (YXT)
Powell River, BC (YPW)             Tete-a-La Baleine, QC (ZTB)
Prince Albert, SK (YPA)            The Pas, MB (YQD)
Prince George, BC (YXS)            Thicket Portage, MB (YTD)
Prince Rupert, BC - Digby Island   Thompson, MB (YTH)
Airport (YPR)                      Thunder Bay, ON (YQT)
Pukatawagan, MB - (XPK)            Timmins, ON (YTS)
Qikiqtarjuaq, NU (YVM)             Tofino, BC, (YAZ)
Qualicum, BC (XQU)                 Toronto, ON - Toronto Island
Quaqtaq, QC (YQC)                  Airport (YTZ)
Quebec, QC (YQB)                   Toronto, ON (YYZ)
Quesnel, BC (YQZ)                  Tuktoyaktuk, NT (YUB)
Rae Lakes, NT (YRA)                Tulita/Fort Norman, NT (ZFN)
Rainbow Lake, AB (YOP)             Umiujag, QC (YUD)
Rankin Inlet, NU (YRT)             Uranium City, SK (YBE)
Red Lake, ON (YRL)                 Val-d’Or, QC (YVO)
Red Sucker Lake, MB (YRS)          Vancouver, BC - Coal Harbour
Regina, SK (YQR)                   (CXH)
Repulse Bay, NU (YUT)              Vancouver, BC (YVR)
Resolute, NU (YRB)                 Victoria, BC - Inner Harbor (YWH)
Rigolet, NL (YRG)                  Victoria, BC - (YYJ)
Rimouski, QC (YXK)                 Wabush, NL (YWK)
Roberval, QC (YRJ)                 Waskaganish, QC (YKQ)
Round Lake, ON (ZRJ)               Webequie, ON (YWP)
Rouyn/Noranda, QC (YUY)            Wemindji, QC (YNC)
Sachigo Lake, ON (ZPB)             Wha Ti/Lac La Martre, NT (YLE)
Sachs Harbour, NT (YSY)            Whale Cove, NU (YXN)
Saint John, NB (YSJ)               White River, ON (YWR)
Saint Johns, NL (YYT)              Whitehorse, YT (YXY)
Saint Leonard, NB (YSL)            Williams Harbour, NL (YWM)
Salluit, QC (YZG)                  Williams Lake, BC (YWL)
Sandy Lake, ON (ZSJ)               Windsor, ON (YQG)


                                                  Source: http://www.orbitz.com/App/global/airportCodes.jsp


                                                                                                              43
                                   totAl pAssenGers,
                                   nortH AmerICAn AIrports 2007 FInAl




     CITY (AIRPORT CODE)                                    TOTAL PASSENGERS                            % CHG
     1 ATLANTA (ATL)                                                89,379,287                             5.3
     2 CHICAGO O’HARE (ORD)                                         76,177,855                             (0.1)
     3 LOS ANGELES (LAX)                                            61,896,075                             1.4
     4 DALLAS/FT WORTH (DFW)                                        59,786,476                             (0.7)
     5 DENVER (DEN)                                                 49,863,352                             5.4
     6 NEW YORK (JFK)                                                47,716,941                            11.9
     7 LAS VEGAS (LAS)                                              46,961,011                             3.2
     8 HOUSTON (IAH)                                                42,998,040                             1.1
     9 PHOENIX (PHX)                                                42,184,515                             1.8
     10 ORLANDO (MCO)                                               36,480,416                             5.3
     11 NEWARK (EWR)                                                36,367,240                             2.1
     12 DETROIT (DTW)                                               35,983,478                             0.0
     13 SAN FRANCISCO (SFO)                                         35,792,707                             6.6
     14 MINNEAPOLIS (MSP)                                           35,157,322                             (1.3)
     15 MIAMI (MIA)                                                 33,740,416                             3.7
     16 CHARLOTTE (CLT)                                             33,165,688                             11.7
     17 PHILADELPHIA (PHL)                                          32,211,439                             1.4
     18 TORONTO (YYZ)                                               31,452,848                             2.1
     19 SEATTLE (SEA)                                               31,296,628                             4.3
     20 BOSTON (BOS)                                                28,102,455                             1.4
     21 NEW YORK (LGA)                                              25,026,267                             (3.0)
     22 WASHINGTON DULLES (IAD)                                     24,525,487                             7.5
     23 FORT LAUDERDALE (FLL)                                       22,681,903                             6.1
     24 SALT LAKE CITY (SLC)                                        22,045,333                             2.3
     25 BALTIMORE/WASHINGTON (BWI)                                  21,498,091                             1.5
     26 CHICAGO (MDW)                                               19,378,855                             2.7
     27 TAMPA (TPA)                                                 19,154,957                             1.5
     28 WASHINGTON REAGAN (DCA)                                     18,670,924                             0.7
     29 SAN DIEGO (SAN)                                             18,336,761                             4.9
     30 VANCOUVER (YVR)                                              17,710,239                            3.4
     31 CINCINNATI (CVG)                                            15,736,220                             (3.1)
     32 ST LOUIS (STL)                                              15,384,557                             1.2
     33 OAKLAND (OAK)                                               14,846,832                             1.0
     34 PORTLAND (PDX)                                              14,654,222                             4.3
     35 MONTREAL (YUL)                                              12,407,934                             8.5
     36 CALGARY (YYC)                                               12,257,865                             8.7
     37 KANSAS CITY (MCI)                                           12,000,997                             6.8
     38 CLEVELAND (CLE)                                             11,459,390                             1.2
     39 MEMPHIS (MEM)                                               11,290,477                             1.0
     40 SACRAMENTO (SMF)                                            10,748,982                             3.7
     41 SAN JOSE (SJC)                                              10,658,389                             (0.5)
     42 RALEIGH-DURHAM (RDU)                                        10,219,138                             6.3
     43 SANTA ANA (SNA)                                               9,979,699                            3.8
     44 NASHVILLE (BNA)                                               9,876,524                            2.2
     45 PITTSBURGH (PIT)                                              9,822,588                            (1.6)
     46 AUSTIN (AUS)                                                  8,885,391                            7.6
     47 HOUSTON (HOU)                                                 8,819,521                            3.2
     48 INDIANAPOLIS (IND)                                            8,271,632                            2.3
     49 SAN ANTONIO (SAT)                                             8,033,314                            0.0
     50 FORT MYERS (RSW)                                              8,029,204                            5 .1
      Source: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/media/
                                                                                      cy07_prelim_primary_np_comm.xls




44
   totAl AIrCr AF t oper AtIons,
   nortH AmerICAn AIrports 2007 FInAl




CITY (AIRPORT CODE)                             TOTAL OPERATIONS                                % CHG
1 ATLANTA (ATL)                                            994,346                                 1.8
2 CHICAGO O’HARE (ORD)                                     926,973                                 (3.3)
3 DALLAS/FT WORTH (DFW)                                    685,491                                 (2.0)
4 LOS ANGELES (LAX)                                        680,954                                 3.7
5 DENVER (DEN)                                             614,065                                  2.8
6 LAS VEGAS (LAS)                                          609,472                                 (1.6)
7 HOUSTON (IAH)                                            603,656                                 0.2
8 PHOENIX (PHX)                                            539,211                                 (1.3)
9 CHARLOTTE (CLT)                                          522,541                                 2.5
10 PHILADELPHIA (PHL)                                      499,653                                 (3.1)
11 DETROIT (DTW)                                           467,230                                 (3.0)
12 MINNEAPOLIS (MSP)                                       452,972                                 (4.6)
13 NEW YORK (JFK)                                          446,348                                 17.2
14 NEWARK (EWR)                                            435,691                                 (2.0)
15 TORONTO (YYZ)                                           425,500                                 1.8
16 SALT LAKE CITY (SLC)                                    422,010                                 0.1
17 BOSTON (BOS)                                            399 537                                 (1 6)
18 LONG BEACH (LGB)                                        398,433                                 7.8
19 NEW YORK (LGA)                                          391,872                                 (2.1)
20 MIAMI (MIA)                                             386,058                                 0.4
21 WASHINGTON DULLES (IAD)                                 382,939                                 0.9
22 SAN FRANCISCO (SFO)                                     379,500                                 5.7
23 PHOENIX (DVT)                                           378,349                                 (6.9)
24 MEMPHIS (MEM)                                           374,989                                 (2.6)
25 LOS ANGELES (VNY)                                       374,464                                 (5.2)
26 ORLANDO (MCO)                                           360,075                                 2.8
27 SEATTLE (SEA)                                           347,046                                 2.1
28 OAKLAND (OAK)                                           342,024                                 3.5
29 SANTA ANA (SNA)                                         331,452                                 (4.5)
30 VANCOUVER (YVR)                                         328,563                                 1.9
31 CINCINNATI (CVG)                                        328,059                                 (5.1)
32 FORT LAUDERDALE (FLL)                                   307,975                                 3.7
33 CHICAGO (MDW)                                           304,657                                 2.0
34 BALTIMORE/WASHINGTON (BWI)                              296,872                                 (2.9)
35 PHOENIX (AZA)                                           296,686                                 5.7
36 SANFORD (SFB)                                           294,781                                 (7.6)
37 ANCHORAGE (ANC)                                         276,209                                 (1.4)
38 WASHINGTON REAGAN (DCA)                                 275,433                                 (0.4)
39 PORTLAND (PDX)                                          264,518                                 1.5
40 TAMPA (TPA)                                             258,349                                 0.5
41 TUCSON (TUS)                                             257,191                                (4.9)
42 ST LOUIS (STL)                                          254,302                                 (6.7)
43 RALEIGH-DURHAM (RDU)                                    252,708                                 3.1
44 CALGARY (YYC)                                           250,532                                 3.2
45 CLEVELAND (CLE)                                         244,719                                 (2.1)
46 DALLAS (DAL)                                            244,609                                 (1.7)
47 HOUSTON (HOU)                                           232,976                                 (0.7)
48 SAN DIEGO (SAN)                                         227,329                                 2.9
49 DAYTONA BEACH (DAB)                                     225,622                                 (21.6)
50 MONTREAL ( 9YUL)                                        222,871                                 4.4
   Source: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/
                                                                      media/cy07_prelim_primary_np_comm.xls




                                                                                                                   45
                                   totAl CArGo,
                                   nortH AmerICAn AIrports 2007 FInAl




     CITY (AIRPORT CODE)                                   TOTAL CARGO                             % CHG
                                                              (metric tons)

     1 MEMPHIS (MEM)                                           3,840,491                               4.0
     2 ANCHORAGE (ANC)**                                       2,825,511                               0.6
     3 LOUISVILLE (SDF)                                        2,078,947                               4.8
     4 MIAMI (MIA)                                             1,922,985                               5.0
     5 LOS ANGELES (LAX)                                       1,884,317                              (1.2)
     6 NEW YORK (JFK)                                          1,607,050                              (1.9)
     7 CHICAGO O’HARE (ORD)                                    1,533,606                              (1.6)
     8 INDIANAPOLIS (IND)                                        998,675                               1.1
     9 NEWARK (EWR)                                              963,794                              (0.6)
     10 DALLAS/FT WORTH (DFW)                                    724,140                              (4.1)
     11 ATLANTA (ATL)                                            720,209                              (3.5)
     12 OAKLAND (OAK)                                            647,594                              (3.1)
     13 SAN FRANCISCO (SFO)                                      562,933                              (5.4)
     14 PHILADELPHIA (PHL)                                       543,357                               2.1
     15 TORONTO (YYZ)                                            504,608                              (1.1)
     16 ONTARIO (ONT)                                            483,309                              (2.3)
     17 HOUSTON (IAH)                                            409,193                               0.0
     18 TOLEDO (TOL)                                             361,867                               2.4
     19 WASHINGTON DULLES (IAD)                                  358,527                               2.2
     20 SEATTLE (SEA)                                            319,013                              (6.7)
     21 BOSTON (BOS)                                             298,536                              (8.1)
     22 DENVER (DEN)                                             267,294                              (5.2)
     23 MINNEAPOLIS (MSP)                                        257,394                              (6.4)
     24 PORTLAND (PDX)                                           254,754                              (1.8)
     25 PHOENIX (PHX)                                            251,925                            (12.2)
     26 FORTH WORTH (AFW)                                        236,875                              (5.4)
     27 DETROIT (DTW)                                            233,034                               8.7
     28 VANCOUVER (YVR)                                          225,412                               1.2
     29 ORLANDO (MCO)                                            183,070                               5.9
     30 SALT LAKE CITY (SLC)                                      177,710                             (2.0)
     31 HARTFORD/SPRINGFIELD (BDL)                               162,929                              (3.3)
     32 WINNIPEG (YWG)                                           155,988                               3.7
     33 SAN DIEGO (SAN)                                          140,304                            (25.6)
     34 FORT LAUDERDALE (FLL)                                    137,219                              (7.4)
     35 CALGARY (YYC)                                            134,250                               5.5
     36 KANSAS CITY (MCI)                                        127,767                              (5.3)
     37 SAN ANTONIO (SAT)                                        124,390                              (0.7)
     38 CHARLOTTE (CLT)                                          122,149                             (17.7)
     39 BALTIMORE/WASHINGTON (BWI)                               115,402                              (6.9)
     40 RALEIGH-DURHAM (RDU)                                     107,485                               1.5
     41 COLUMBIA (CAE)                                           105,629                               8.8
     42 COLUMBUS (LCK)                                           100,009                            (12.1)
     43 LINCOLN (LNK)                                              99,123                              5.6
     44 TAMPA (TPA)                                                98,018                           (10.2)
     45 AUSTIN (AUS)                                               95,587                             (8.3)
     46 DES MOINES (DSM)                                           91,391                             (1.8)
     47 LAS VEGAS (LAS)                                            91,205                           (10.0)
     48 MILWAUKEE (MKE)                                            88,237                           (13.4)
     49 MANCHESTER (MHT)                                           87,747                              9.7
     50 CLEVELAND - (CLE)                                         86,690                              (6.1 )
      Source: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/media/
                                                                                      cy07_prelim_primary_np_comm.xls




46
                                   dIAGrAms oF tHe 25 BusIest us AIrports
SE-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                                                                 SE-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                                                            47
   NE-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
NE-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      48
   NE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      49
NE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
    SE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                       50
   SW-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      51
SW-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   SC-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SC-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      52
   EC-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      53
EC-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      54
    SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                       55
SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   NE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
NE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      56
   SC-5, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      57
SC-5, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      58
   SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      59
SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   SW-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SW-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      60
   NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      61
NE-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
    SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                       62
   EC-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      63
EC-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
    SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SE-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                       64
   NC-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      65
NC-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   EC-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
EC-3, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      66
   NE-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      67
NE-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      68
   NW-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      69
NW-1, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
   SW-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
SW-2, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      70
   SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008




                                      71
SW-4, 03 JUL 2008 to 31 JUL 2008
72
AIrCrAFt
    InFo
   AIrCr AF t dImensIons & desIGnAtIons




AIRBUS




                                                                       DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                     DesiGNaTioN
aircraFT    WiNGspaN            leNGTH              Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                     icao
                                                                       Faa
A300-B2     147’-1” (44.83m)    175’-6” (53.61m)    54’-10” (16.72m)      IV             D
A300-B4     147’-1” (44.83m)    175’-6” (53.61m)    55.5 (16.90m)         IV             D
A300-600R   147.11’ (44.84m)    177.43’ (54.08m)    54’-8” (16.66m)       IV             D
A310-200    144’ (43.89m)       153’-1” (46.66m)    52’-4” (15.95m)       IV             D
A310-300    144’ (43.89m)       153’-1” (46.66m)    52.30 (15.9m)         IV             D
A318        111’-3” (33.91m)    103’-2” (31.45m)    42’-5” (12.93m)       III            C
A319        111’-11” (34.10m)   111’-0” (33.84)     39’-6” (12.02m)       III            C
A320-100    111’-3” (33.91m)    123’-3” (37.57m)    39’-1” (11.90m)       III            C
A320-200    111’-3” (33.91m)    123’-3” (37.57m)    38’-9” (11.80m)       III            C
A321-100    112’-0” (34.15m)    146’-0” (44.51m)    38’-9” (11.81m)       III            C
A330-200    198’-0” (60.30m)    191’-6” (58.37m)    56’-5” (17.18m)        V             E
A330-300    198’-0” (60.30m)    208’-10” (63.66m)   56’-4” (17.18m)        V             E
A340-200    198’-0” (60.30m)    164’-10” (59.39m)   54’-11” (16.74m)       V             E
A340-300    198’-0” (60.30m)    208’-10” (63.66m)   55’-9” (16.99m)        V             E
A340-500    208’-10” (63.45m)   228’-10” (67.93m)   57’-6” (17.53m)        V             E
A340-600    208’-2” (63.45m)    247’-3” (75.36m)    58’-9” (17.93m)        V             E
A350-800    210’-0” (64.00m)    198’-9” (60.60m)    55’-4” (16.90m)        V             E
A380-800    261’-8” (79.75m)    238’-7” (72.73m)    79’-1” (24.10m)       VI             F




                                                                                                   75
     BAE




                                                                                DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                              DesiGNaTioN
     aircraFT        WiNGspaN            leNGTH               Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                              icao
                                                                                Faa
     BAE 146-100 /   86’-5” (26.34m)     85’-11” (26.19m)     28’-3” (8.61m)       III            C
     AVRO RJ70
     BAE 146-200 /   86’-5” (26.34m)     93’-10” (28.60m)     28’-3” (8.61m)       III            C
     AVRO RJ85
     BAE 146-300 /   86’-5” (26.34m)     101’-8.5” (30.99m)   28’-3” (8.61m)       III            C
     AVRO RJ100
     BAE ATP         100’-6” (30.63m)    85’-4” (26.01m)      24’-11” (7.59m)      III            C
     BAE Jetstream   52’-0” (15.85m)     47’-1” (12.52m)      17’-8” (5.38m)        II            B
     Super 31
     BAE Jetstream   60’-0” (18.29m)     63’-2” (19.25m)      18’-10” (5.74m)       II            B
     Super 41
     BAE Jetstream   100’-6” (30.63m)    85’-4” (26.01m)      24’-11” (7.59m)      III            C
     Super 61
     BAE 125,        51’-4.5” (15.66m)   51’-2” (15.60m)      17’-7” (5.36m)        II            B
     Series 800
     BAE 1000        51’-4.5” (15.66m)   53’-11” (16.42m)     17’-1” (5.21m)        II            B




76
BOEING




                                                                               DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                             DesiGNaTioN
aircraFT           WiNGspaN            leNGTH               Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                             icao
                                                                               Faa
BBJ                117’-5” (35.80m)    110’-4” (33.64m)     41’-2” (12.50m)       III            C
B707 320B          145’-9” (44.42m)    152’-11” (46.61m)    42’-1” (12.83m)       IV             D
B717-200           93’-5” (27.25m)     124’-0” (37.80m)     29’-7” (9.00m)        III            C
B727-200           108’-0” (32.92m)    153’-2” (46.69m)     34’-11” (10.64m)      III            C
B737-300           94’-9” (28.88m)     109’-7” (33.40m)     36’-7” (11.15m)       III            C
B737-400           94’-9” (28.88m)     119’-7” (36.45m)     36’-7” (11.15m)       III            C
B737-500           94’-9” (28.88m)     101’-9” (30.01m)     36’-7” (11.15m)       III            C
B737-600           112’-7” (34.31m)    102’-6” (31.25m)     41’-3” (12.58m)       III            C
B737-700           112’-7” (34.31m)    110’-4” (33.64m)     41’-3” (12.58m)       III            C
B737-700W          117’-5” (35.79m)    110’-4” (33.64m)     41’-7” (12.67m)       III            C
B737-800           112’-7” (34.32m)    129’-6” (39.47m)     41’-2” (12.60m)       III            C
B737-800W          117’-5” (35.79m)    129’-6” (39.47m)     41’-5” (12.62m)       III            C
B737-900           112’-7” (34.32m)    138’-2” (42.11m)     41’-2” (12.60m)       III            C
B737-900W          117’-5” (35.79m)    138’-2” (42.11m)     41’-5” (12.62m)       III            C
B747-300           195’-8” (59.64m)    231’-10” (70.66m)    64’-3” (19.58m)        V             E
B747-400           213’-0” (64.94m)    229’-2” (69.87m)     64’-0” (19.51m)        V             E
B747-8F            224’-0” (68.40m)    250’-4” (76.30m)     63’-6” (19.4m)        VI             F
B757-200           124’-5” (38.04m)    155’-3” (47.32m)     45’-1” (13.74m)       IV             D
B757-300           124’-10” (38.04m)   178’-7” (54.43m)     45’-1” (13.74m)       IV             D
B767-200           156’-1” (47.57m)    159’-2” (48.52m)     52’-11” (16.30m)      IV             D
B767-300           156’-1” (47.57m)    180’-3” (54.95m)     52’-7” (16.03m)       IV             D
B767-400ER         170’-4” (51.92m)    201’-4” (61.37m)     55’-9” (16.99m)       IV             D
B777-200           199’-11” (60.93m)   209’-1” (63.73m)     61’-6” (18.76m)       V              E
B777-300           199’-11” (60.93m)   242’-4” (73.86m)     61’-6” (18.76m)       V              E
B787-3             197’-0” (60.00m)    186’-0” (57.00m)     56’-0” (17.00 m)      V              E
B787-8             197’-0” (60.00m)    186’-0” (57.00m)     56’-0” (17.00 m)       V            E
B787-9             208’-0” (63.00m)    206’-0” (63.00m)     56’-0” (17.00 m)       V            E
DC-8               148’-5” (45.23m)    187’-4” (57.12m)     43’-9” (13.33m)       IV            D
DC-9-15            86’-4.8” (27.25m)   104’-4.8” (31.82m)   27’-7” (8.41m)        III           C
DC-9-32            93’-3.6” (28.44m)   119’-3.6” (36.36m)   27’-9” (8.46m)        III           C
DC-9-41            93’-3.6” (28.44m)   125’-7.2” (38.28m)   28’-5” (8.66m)        III           C
DC-9-51            93’-4.2’ (28.45m)   133’-7” (40.72m)     28’-9” (8.76m)        III           C
DC-10-30           165’-4” (50.39m)    181’-7” (55.35m)     57’-7” (17.55m)       IV            D
DC-10-40           165’-4” (50.39m)    182’-3” (55.55m)     57’-7” (17.55m)       IV            D
MD-11              170’-6” (51.97m)    202’-2” (61.62m)     58’-10” (17.93m)      IV            D
MD81, 82, 83, 88   107’-10” (32.87m)   147’-10” (45.06m)    30’-2” (9.20m)        III           C
MD-87              107’-10” (32.87m)   130’-5” (39.75m)     31’-2” (9.51m)        III           C
MD-90-30           107’-10” (32.87m)   152’-7” (46.50m)     31’-1” (9.50m)        III           C
MD-95-30           93’-4” (28.45m)     124’-0” (37.81m)     29’-1” (8.86m)        III           C

                                                                                                           77
     BOMBARDIER




                                                                                DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                               DesiGNaTioN
     aircraFT         WiNGspaN           leNGTH              Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                               icao
                                                                                Faa
     Challanger 604   64’-4” (19.61m)    68’-5” (20.85m)     20’-8” (6.30m)         II             C
     CRJ CL-600       69’-7” (21.21m)    87’-10” (26.77m)    20’-5” (6.22m)         II             C
     CRJ-100          69.59’ (21.210m)   87.82’ (26.77m)     20’-5” (6.22m)        III             B
     CRJ-200          69.59’ (21.21m)    87.82’ (26.77m)     20’-5” (6.22m)         II             B
     CRJ-700          76.25’ (23.24m)    106.66’ (32.51m)    24’-10” (7.57m)        II             B
     CRJ-900E         76’-3” (23.24m)    119’-4” (36.37m)    24’-7” (7.49m)         II             B
     Dash 7           93’-0” (28.35m)    80’-8” (24.59m)     26’-2” (7.98m)        III             C
     Dash 8-400       93.24’ (28.42m)    107.74’ (32.84m)    27’-5” (8.38m)        III             C
     Global Express   93’-6” (28.5m)     99’-5” (30.30m)     24’-10” (7.57m)       III             C
     Q200             85’-0” (25.9m)     73’-0” (22.3m)      24’-7” (7.49m)        III             C
     Q300             90’ (27.4m)        84.3’ (25.7m)       24’-7” (7.49m)        III             C
     Q400E            93’-3” (28.42m)    107’-9” (32.80m)    14’-2” (4.31m)        III             C


     EMBRAER                                                                     DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                                DesiGNaTioN

     aircraFT         WiNGspaN           leNGTH              Tail HeiGHT
                                                                                                icao
                                                                                 Faa




     EMB 110          50’-3” (15.33m)    49’-6.5” (15.10m)   16’-6.5” (5.04m)         II            B
     EMB 120          64’-11” (19.78m)   65’-7.5” (20.00m)   21’-10” (6.35m)          II            B
     ERJ 135          65’-9” (20.04m)    86’-5” (26.33m)     22’-2” (6.76m)           II            B
     ERJ 140          65’-9” (20.04m)    93’-4” (28.45m)     22’-2” (6.76m)           II            B
     EMB 145          65’-9” (20.04m)    98’-0” (29.87m)     22’-2” (6.76m)           II            C
     ERJ 145 XR       68’-11” (21.00m)   98’-0” (29.87m)     22’-2” (6.76m)           II            B
     EMB 170          85’-4” (26.00m)    98’-2” (29.90m)     32’-4” (9.85m)          III            C
     EMB 175          85’-4” (26.00m)    104’-0” (31.68)     31’-11” (9.73m)         III            C
     EMB 190          94’-3” (28.72m)    84’-6” (25.76m)     34’-8” (10.57m)         III            C
     EMB 195          94’-3” (28.72m)    126’-10” (38.65m)   34’-7” (10.55m)         III            C




78
MILITARY




                                                                                    DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                                  DesiGNaTioN
aircraFT              WiNGspaN             leNGTH               Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                                  icao
                                                                                    Faa
C-130H Hercules       132’-7” (40.41m)     112’-9” (34.37m)     38’-3” (11.66m)        IV             D
C-17 Globemaster      171’-3” (52.20m)     174’-0” (53.04m)     48’-4” (14.73m)         V             E
C-5A Galaxy           222’-8.5” (67.87m)   247’-10” (75.55m)    65’-1.5” (19.85m)      VI             F
KC-135R               130’-10” (39.88m)    135’-1” (41.17m)     41’-8” (12.70m)        IV             D



MISC. COMMERCIAL
ATR 42                80’-7.5” (24.57m)    74’-4.5” (22.67m)    24’-11” (7.59m)        III            C
ATR 72                88’-9” (27.05m)      89’-1.5” (27.17m)    25’-1.25” (7.65m)      III            C
BAC-11-500            93’-6” (28.49m)      107’-0” (32.61m)     24’-6” (7.47m)         III            C
Fairchild             92’-6” (28.17m)      101’-8” (31.01m)     31’-10” (9.73m)        III            C
Aerospace 928 Jet
Fairchild Metro III   57’-0” (17.37m)      59’-4.25” (18.09m)   16’-8” (5.08m)          II            B
Faircild Aerospace    68’-10” (20.98m)     69’-10” (21.28m)     23’-9” (7.24m)          II            B
328 Jet
Beechcraft 1900C      54’-6” (16.61m)      57’-10” (17.63m)     15’6” (4.72m)           II            B
Beechcraft C99        45’-10.5” (13.98m)   44’7” (13.58m)       14’-4.25” (4.37m)       I             A
Lockhead 1011         155.33’ (47.35m)     177.65’ (54.15m)     55.3’ (16.87m)         III            D
Tristar
Dornier 228-212       55’-8” (16.97m)      54’-4” (16.56m)      15’11” (4.86m)          II            B
Dornier 328           68’-10” (20.98m)     69’-8” (21.22m)      23’-7.5” (7.20m)        II            B
Antonov 124           240’-5.75”           226’-8.5” (69.10m)   68’-2” (20.78m)        VI             F
                      (73.30m)
Antonov 225           290’-0” (88.40m)     275’-7” (84.00m)     59.38’ (18.1m)         VII            F
Beechcraft 1900D      58’-0” (17.67m)      57’-10” (17.63m)     15’-6” (4.72m)          II            B
Saab SF340A           70’-4” (21.44m)      64’-8.5” (19.72m)    22’-6” (6.86m)          II            B
Saab 330-200          74’-8” (22.76m)      53’-10” (16.41m)     16’-3” (4.95m)          II            B
Shorts 360            74’-9.5” (22.78m)    70’-8” (21.58m)      23’-10.25”              II            B
                                                                (7.27m)
Cessna Caravan        52.10’ (15.88m)      41.60’ (12.68m)      15.50’ (4.72m)          II            B
Fokker 100            92’-1.35”            116’-6.75”           27’-11” (8.50m)        III            C
                      (28.076m)            (35.53m)




                                                                                                                79
     GENERAL AVIATION




                                                                                     DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                                   DesiGNaTioN
     aircraFT               WiNGspaN           leNGTH             Tail HeiGHT




                                                                                                   icao
                                                                                     Faa
     Beech Bonanza A-36     33’-6” (10.21m)    27’-6” (8.38m)     8’-7” (2.62m)          I             A
     Beechcraft King Air    54’-6” (16.61m)    43’-10” (13.36m)   15’-0” (4.57m)         II            B
     200
     Beechcraft Super       54’-6” (16.61m)    43’-10” (13.36m)   15’-6” (4.72m)         II            B
     King Air 300 LW
     Bombardier             63.83’ (19.46m)    68.75’ (20.92m)    20.00’ (6.2m)          II            B
     Challenger 300
     Bombardier             69.58’ (21.21m)    87.83’ (26.77m)    20.42’ (6.22m)         II            B
     Challenger 850
     Bombardier Global      94.00’ (28.60m)    96.80’ (29.50m)    25.50’ (7.70m)        III            C
     5000
     Cessna 172R            36’-1” (11m)       27’-2” (8.28m)     8’-11” (2.72m)         I             A
     Skyhawk
     Cessna 402C            44’-1.25”          36’-4.5”           11’-7” (3.57m)         I             A
     Business Liner         (13.45m)           (11.09m)
     Cessna Citation        46’-10” (14.26m) 42’-7.25”            13’-9.6” (4.20m)       I             A
                                             (12.96m)
     Cessna Citation CJ1    46’-11” (14.30m)   42’-7” (12.98m)    13’-9” (4.19m)         I             A
     Cessna Citation III    53’-6” (16.31m)    55’-6” (16.92m)    16’-9.5” (5.12m)       II            B
     Cessna Citation        42’-2” (12.86m)    39’-11” (12.16m)   13’-8” (4.18m)         I             A
     Mustang
     Cessna Citation S-II   52’-2” (15.90m)    47’-2” (14.4m)     15’ (4.57m)            II            B
     Cessna Citation V      52’-2” (15.90m)    48’-10.75”         15’ (4.57m)            II            B
                                               (14.90m)
     Cessna Citation        53’-6” (16.31m)    55’-5” (16.90m)    16’-9.6” (5.10m)       II            B
     VI/VII
     Cessna Citation X      63’-11” (19.5m)    72’-2” (22.0m)     18’-11” (5.80m)        II            B
     Cessna Sovereign       63’-2” (19.25m)    63’-6” (19.35m)    20’-4” (6.20m)         II            B
     Dassault Falcon 2000 63’-5” (19.33m)      66’-4” (20.23m)    23’-2” (7.06m)         II            B
     Dassault Falcon 50     61’-11” (18.86m)   60’-9” (18.52m)    22’-11” (6.97m)        II            B
     Dassault Falcon        63’-5” (19.33m)    66’-4” (20.21m)    24’-9” (7.55m)         II            B
     900B
     Eclipse 500            37’-5” (11.40m)    33’-1” (10.09m)    11’-0” (3.35m)         I             A




80
                                                                                               DesiGNaTioN


                                                                                                             DesiGNaTioN
                                                                                                                 icao
                                                                                                   Faa
aircraFT                  WiNGspaN               leNGTH                 Tail HeiGHT




Embraer Legacy 450        66’-5” (20.25m)        62’-10” (19.15m)       22-1” (6.74m)              II            B
Embraer Legacy 500        66’-5” (20.25m)        67’-4” (20.52m)        22-1” (6.74m)              II            B
Embraer Legacy 600        68’-11” (21.17m)       86’-5” (26.33m)        22’-2” (6.76m)             II            B
Embraer Lineage           94.2’ (28.70m)         118.9’ (36.20m)        34.7’ (10.60m)            III            C
1000
Embraer Phenom 100        40’-4” (12.30m)        42’-1” (12.82m)        14-3” (4.35m)              I             A
Embraer Phenom 300        52’-2” (15.90m)        51’-4” (15.6m)         16-9” (5.10m)              II            B
Gulfstream 100            54’-7” (16.64m)        55’-7” (16.94m)        18’-2” ( 5.54m)            II            B
Gulfstream 150            55’-7” (16.94m)        56’-8” (17.25m)        18’-2” ( 5.54m)            II            B
Gulfstream 200            58’-1” (17.70m)        62’-3” (18.97m)        21’5” (6.53m)              II            B
Gulfstream 350            77’-10” (23.70m) 89’-4” (27.23m)              25’-2” (7.67m)             II            B
Gulfstream 450            77’-10” (23.72m) 89’-4” (27.23m)              25’-2” (7.67m)             II            B
Gulfstream 500            90’-10” (27.69m)       96’-5” (29.39m)        25’-10” (7.87m)           III            C
Gulfstream 550            90’-10” (27.69m)       96’-5” (29.39m)        25’-10” (7.87m)           III            C
Gulfstream 650            99’-7” (30.35m)        99’-9” (30.4m)         25’-4” (7.72m)            III            C
Gulfstream G-III          77’-10” (23.72m) 83’-1” (25.32m)              23’-8” (2.21m)             II            B
Gulfstream IV-SP          77’-10” (23.72m) 88’-4” (26.92m)              24’-10” (7.57m)            II            B
Gulfstream V              98’-6” (30.02m)        96’-5” (29.39m)        25’-10” (7.87m)           III            C
Hawker/Beech 400A         43’-6” (13.25m)        48’-5” (14.75m)        13’-11” (4.24m)            I             A
Learjet 31-A              43’-10” (13.40m) 48’-8” (14.80m)              12’-4” (3.75m)             I             A
Learjet 35-A              39’-6” (12.00m)        48’-9” (14.80m)        12’-4” (3.75m)             I             A
Learjet 40                47.78’ (14.56m)        55.56’ (16.93m)        14.13’ (4.31m)             I             A
Learjet 45                47’-10” (14.00m)       58’-0” (17.70m)        14’-2” ( 4.31m)            I             A
Learjet 60                43’-9” 13.30m)         58’-8” (17.90m)        14’-8” (4.47m)             I             A




                   Source: Manufacturer’s Websites and “Burns & McDonnell Aircraft Characteristics”, 9th Edition.


                                                                                                                           81
                 AIrCrAFt servICe ConneCtIons



     B737-900W




                                                Source: Boeing



82
B747-400




           Source: Boeing



                            83
 B757-200




            Source: Boeing



84
B767-200




           Source: Boeing



                            85
 B777-300ER




              Source: Boeing



86
MD-90




        Source: Boeing



                         87
     A319




            Source: Airbus



88
A320




       Source: Airbus



                        89
       A330-200




     1 Oxygen System
     2 External Power (Electrical)
     3 Potable Water Drain
     4 Low Pressure Pre-Conditioning
     5 High Pressure Air Pre-Conditioning & Engine Starting
     6 IDG Oil Filling
     7 Engine Oil Filling
     8 Pressure Refuel
     9 Overwing Refuel
     10 Hydraulic Ground Power Supply (Yellow)
     11 HYD Reservoir Filling & Ground Power Supply (Green)
     12 HYD Reservoir Air Pressurization & Ground Supply (Blue)
     13 Nitrogen Charging For Hydraulic Accumulators
     14 Refuel/Defuel Panel
     15 Potable Water Filling
     16 Toilet Servicing
     17 APU Oil Filling
     18 Grounding Points
                                                                  Source: Airbus



90
A340-500/600




               Source: Airbus



                                91
     A380-800




                Source: Airbus



92
CRJ-200




          Source: Bombardier



                               93
     CRJ-700




               Source: Bombardier



94
CRJ-900




          Source: Bombardier



                               95
          Q400




     1 Forward Passenger Door                      14 Pressure Refueling Panel & Ground Point        26 Main Landing Gear Shock Strut Charging
                                                                                                     Point (Under Nacelle – Both Sides)
     2 Aft Baggage Door                            15 Ground Point (On Underwing – Both Sides)
                                                                                                     27 Noise Jacking Point
     3 Forward Baggage Door                        16 Aircraft Ground Point (On Underwing –
                                                   Both Sides)                                       28 Wing Jacking Point (Underwing – Both
     4 Type II/III Emergency Exit                                                                    Sides)
                                                   17 Gravity Fuel Filler (Over Wing – Both Sides)
     5 Aft Passenger Door                                                                            29 Nose Landing Gear Jacking Point
                                                   18 Magnastick (Fuel Quantity – Underwing
     6 Flight Compartment Emergency Exit           – Both Sides)                                     30 Main Landing Gear Jacking Point (Both
     7 Interphone Connectors (3)                                                                     Sides)
                                                   19 Engine Oil Filler Panel
     8 Lavatory Service / Optional Wash Water                                                        31 Crew Oxygen Supply
                                                   20 No. 1 Hydraulic System
     Service                                                                                         32 Avionics Bay
                                                   21 No. 2 Hydraulic System
     9 Galley Service Door/Type I Emergency Exit                                                     33 Wardrobe
                                                   22 No. 3 Hydraulic System
     10 Optional Auxiliary Power Unit (APU)                                                          34 Optional Galley Water Service
                                                   23 Brake Accumulator & Hydraulic Hand Pump
     11 Optional Conditioned Air Connection
                                                   24 Emergency Landing Gear Hydraulic
     12 Electrical DC Power Receptacle             Reservoir & Hand Pump
     13 Electrical AC Power Receptacle (Optional   25 Nose Landing Gear Shock Strut Charging                                  Source: Bombardier
     Installation on Right Nose Fuselage)          Point

96
ERJ-195




          1 Pressure Refueling Panel
          2 Gravity Refueling Port (LH/RH)
          3 External Power Supply 115 VAC / 400 HZ / 60 KVA
          4 Forward Ramp Headset
          5 Steering Switch Disengage
          6 Wheel Jack Point – NLG
          7 Air Cond. Ground Connection
          8 Engine Air Starting (Low Pressure Unit)
          9 Grounding Point (Electrical)
          10 Wheel Jack Point – MLG (RH)
          11 Wheel Jack Point – MLG (LH)
          12 Hydraulic System #1 Service Panel
          13 Water Servicing Panel
          14 External Power Supply 28 VDC / 400A
          15 Aft Ramp Headset
          16 Oxygen Servicing Panel / Bottle
          17 Fuel Tank Drain Valve (LH)
          18 Fuel Tank Drain Valve (RH)
          19 Hydraulic System #2 Service Panel
          20 Waste Servicing Panel
          21 Hydraulic System #3 Service Panel




                                                              Source: Embraer



                                                                           97
                              ACtIve Fleets For mAJor nortH AmerICAn
                              A I r l I n e s >> J u ly 2 0 0 8



     air canada                             compass airlines (Northwest airlink)
        A-319: 35                              ERJ-170: 36
        A-320: 41
        A-321: 10                           continental airlines
        A-330: 8                               B737: 278
        A-340: 2                               B757: 58
        B-767: 38                              B767: 26
        B-777: 15                              B777: 20
        CRJ-100: 2
        ERJ-170: 15                         Delta airlines
        ERJ-190: 45                            B737: 71
                                               B757: 133
     air canada Jazz                           B767: 101
        CRJ-100: 57                            B777: 8
        CRJ-700: 16                            MD-88: 117
        CRJ-900: 15                            MD-90: 16
        Dash- 8: 60
                                            Delta connection (comair)
     aeromexico                                CRJ-100/200: 107
        B-737: 39                              CRJ-700: 17
        B-767: 4                               CRJ-900: 8
        B-777: 4
        MD-80: 7                            expressjet airlines
                                               ERJ-135/145: 275
     alaska airlines
        B-737: 109                          Fedex express
        MD-80: 17                              A-300: 66
                                               A-310: 65
     american airlines                         ATR-42/72: 12
        A-300: 34                              B-727: 90
        B-737: 77                              B-757: 8
        B-757: 124                             DC-10: 83
        B-767: 73                              MD-11: 58
        B-777: 47                              Cessna Caravan: 253
        MD-80: 294                             F-27: 6

     american eagle                         Frontier airlines
        ATR-42/72: 36                          A-318: 11
        CRJ-700: 25                            A-319: 49
        ERJ-135/145: 206                       A-320: 2
        Saab 340: 28
                                            Horizon air
     chautauqua airlines                       CRJ-700: 20
        CRJ-100: 24                            Q-200: 17
        ERJ-135/140/145: 94                    Q-400: 33




98
Jet blue airways                        skywest airlines
   A-320: 107                              EMB-120: 59
   ERJ-190: 36                             CRJ-200: 140
                                           CRJ-700: 65
mesa airlines                              CRJ-900: 17
   CRJ-100/200: 54
   CRJ-700: 20                          southwest airlines
   CRJ-900: 45                             B-737: 535
   Dash 8: 16
   ERJ-145: 34                          spirit airlines
   Beech 1900: 20                          A-319: 33
                                           A-321: 2
mesaba airlines (Northwest airlink)
   CRJ-100/200: 15                      united airlines
   CRJ-900: 21                             A-319: 55
   Saab 340B: 49                           A-320: 97
                                           B-737: 94
midwest airlines                           B-747: 30
   B-717: 25                               B-757: 97
   MD-80: 12                               B-767: 35
                                           B-777: 52
Northwest airlines
   A-319: 57                            ups
   A-320: 73                               A-300: 53
   A-330: 32                               B-747: 13
   B-747: 16                               B-757: 75
   B-757: 71                               B-767: 32
   DC-9: 90                                MD-11:36

piedmont airlines (us airways           us airways
express)                                   A-319: 93
   Dash 8: 55                              A-320: 75
                                           A-321: 31
pinnacle airlines (Northwest airlink)      A-330: 9
   CRJ-200: 66                             B-737: 82
   CRJ-400: 64                             B-757: 42
   CRJ-900: 9                              B-767: 10
                                           ERJ-190: 20
psa airlines (us airways express)
   CRJ-200: 35                          Virgin america
   CRJ-700: 14                             A-319: 8
                                           A-320: 17
                                           Westjet
republic airlines
                                           B-737: 75
   ERJ-135/140/145: 90
   ERJ-170/175: 113
   CRJ-200: 24

                                           Source: http://www.airfleets.net & airline websites



                                                                                                 99
100
Key ContACts
    ContACt InFormAtIon
    >> FA A reGIonAl oFFICes




Alaskan Region                     Northwest Mountain
(AK)                               (CO, ID, MT, OR, UT, WA, WY)
Division, AAL-600                  1601 Lind Avenue Southwest
222 W.7th Avenue #14,              Renton, WA 98057
Anchorage, AK 99513                Tel: 800-220-5715
Tel: 901-271-5645
                                   Southern
Central Region                     (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, PR,
(IA, KS, MO, NE)                   SC, TN, VT)
901 Locust Street                  1701 Columbia Avenue
Kansas City, MO 64106-2641         College Park, GA 30337
Tel: 816-329-3050                  Tel: 404-305-5000

Eastern Region                     Southwest
(DE, MD, NJ, NY, PA, VA, WV)       (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
159-30 Rockaway Boulevard          2601 Meacham Boulevard
Jamaica, NY 11434-4848             Fort Worth, TX 76137-4298
Tel: 718-553-3001                  Tel: 817-222-5000

Great Lakes                        Western — Pacific
(IL, IN, MI, MN, ND, OH, SD, WI)   (AZ, CA, HI, NV, GU, AS, MH)
O’Hare Lake Office Center          P.O. Box 92007
2300 East Devon Avenue             Los Angeles, CA 90009-2007
Des Plaines, IL 60018              Tel: 310-725-3550
Tel: 847-294-7294

New England
(CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
12 New England Executive Park
Burlington, MA 01803-5299
Tel: 781-238-7020




                                                                  103
                        ContACt InFormAtIon
                        >> AIrport AssoCIAtIons




      AAAAE                              Tel: 301-695-2000
      American Association of Airport    Fax: 301-695-2375
      Executives                         www.aopa.org
      601 Madison Street
      Alexandria, VA 22314               IATA Washington
      Tel: 703.824.0500 Fax:             International Air Transport
      703.820.1395                       Association
      www.aaae.org                       601 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W
                                         Suite 300
      AABA                               North Building
      Airport Area Business              Washington DC 20004
      Association                        Phone (202) 628 9292
      P.O. Box 14123                     Fax (202) 628 9448
      Oakland, CA 94614                  www.iata.org
      Tel: 510-535-2473
      Fax: 510-535-2491                  NASAO
      www.aaba.org                       National Association of State
                                         Aviation Officials
      ACC                                Washington National Airport
      Airport Consultants Council        Hangar 7 Å° Suite 218
      908 King Street, suite 100         Washington, D.C. 20001
      Alexandria VA 22314                (703) 417-1880
      Tel: 703-683-5900                  Fax: (703) 417-1885
      Fax: 703-683-2564                  www.nasao.org
      www.ACConline.org
                                         NATA
      ACI-NA                             National Air Transportation
      Airports Council International –   Association
      North America                      4226 King Street
      1775 K Street NW, Suite 500        Alexandria, VA 22302
      Washington, DC 20006               Tel: 703-845-9000
      (202) 293-8500 telephone           Fax: 703-845-8176
      (202) 331-1362 fax                 www.nata.aero
      www.aci-na.org

      AOPA
      Aircraft Owners and Pilots
      Association
      421 Aviation Way
      Frederick MD 21701



104
State Airport Associations

Arkansas Airport Operators         Aviation Association of
Association                        New Hampshire
www.arkansasairports.org           www.aanh.org

Arizona Airports Association       Nevada Airport Management
www.azairports.org                 Association
                                   www.nvairports.org
California Aviation Alliance
www.californiaaviatoin.\           North Carolina Airports
Colorado Airport Operators         Association
Association                        www.ncairports.org
www.coloradoairports.org           Ohio Aviation Association
                                   www.ohioaviation.org
Georgia Airports Association
www.georgiaairports.org            Oklahoma Airport Operators
                                   Association
Florida Airports Council           www.okairports.org
www.floridaairports.org
                                   Oregon Airport Management
Idaho Airport Management           Association
Association                        www.oregonairports.org
www.flynampa.us/iama.htm
                                   South Carolina Aviation
Iowa Public Airports Association   Association
www.iowaairports.org               www.scaaonline.com
Maryland Airport Managers          Tennessee Aviation Association
Association                        www.tn-aviation.org
www.marylandairportmanagers.org
                                   Texas Airport Council
Massachusetts Airport              www.texasairports.org
Management Assoc.
www.massairports.org               Utah Airport Operators
                                   Association
Maine Airport Managers             www.uaoa.org
Association
www.maineairports.org              Wisconsin Airport Management
                                   Association
Michigan Association of Airport    www.wiama.org
Executives
www.michiairports.org              Washington Airport
                                   Management Association
Missouri Airport Managers          www.wama.us
Association
www.missouriaviation.org           Wyoming Airport Operators
                                   Association
Nebraska Association of Airport    www.wyomingairports.org
Officials
www.neairportofficials.org

                                                                    105
106
mIsCellAneous
    InternAtIonAl AIr tr Ansport AssoCIAtIon
    AIrlIne desIGnAtIons


0U-CROATIA AIRLINES                       A2-CIELOS DEL PERU, SA
2A-AEROSERVICIOS ECUATORIANOS, C.A.       A3-AERO FLORAL
2B-B. AIRWAYS                             A4-AERO PUMAL
2G-CARGOITALIA S.P.A.                     A5-AERO TRADES (WESTERN), LTD.
2J-CHINA CARGO AIRLINES LTD.              A6-AEROCHAGO AIRLINES
2P-PRAIRIE CONNECTION                     A7-AESA (AEROLINEAS EL SALVADOR, S.A.)
2R-REGAL AIR LIMITED                      A8-AEROLINEAS URUGUAYAS S.A.
2S-ISLAND EXPRESS                         A9-AERO TRANSPORTES ENTRE ROIS S.R.L.
2T-CANADA 3000 AIRLINES LIMITED           AA-AMERICAN AIRLINES,INC (AMERICAN EAGL
2W-PACIFIC MIDLAND AIRLINES LTD           AB-AARON AIRLINES
3A-ALLIANCE AIRLINES                      AC-AIR CANADA
3B-BORINQUEN AIR                          AD-LONE STAR AIRLINES
3F-LINEAS AEREAS MAYA                     AE-MANDARIN AIRLINES, LTD.
3R-AIR MOLDOVA INTERNATIONAL S.A.         AF-AIR FRANCE
3S-SHUSWAP AIR                            AG-PROVINCIAL AIRLINES
4K-KENN BOREK AIR LTD.                    AH-CGTA-COMPAGNIE GENERALE DE TRANSPORT
4S-CONNER AIRLINE                         AI-AIR INDIA
4X-MERCURY AIR CARGO INC                  AK-ISLAND AIR
4Z-SA AIRLINK                             AM-AEROMEXICO-AEROVIAS de MEXICO S.A. d
5A-ALPINE AVIATION INC.                   AN-ANSETT AUSTRALIA
5C-C.A.L. AIRLINES LTD.                   AO-AVIACO-AVIACION Y COMERCIO SA
5K-KENMORE AIR                            AQ-ALOHA AIRLINES INC.
5L-SOUTHERN WORLD AIRLINES LIMITED        AR-AEROLINEAS ARGENTINAS
5R-ROVER AIRWAYS                          AS-ALASKA AIRLINES INC.
5T-AIR NOR TERRA INC. DBA CANADA NORTH    AT-ROYAL AIR MAROC-COMPAGNIE NATIONALE
5X-UNITED PARCEL SERVICE                  AU-AUSTRAL LINEAS AEREAS, S.A.
5Y-ATLAS AIR, INC.                        AV-AVIANCA AEROVIAS NACIONALES DE COLOMBIA, S.A
6E-MALMO AVIATION                         AY-FINNAIR
6P-AEROPUMA S.A.                          AZ-ALITALIA LINEE AEREE ITALIANE
6R-AEROTRANSPORTE DE CARGA UNION SA       B2-AIR ATONABEE(CITY EXPRESS)
6U-AIR UKRAINE                            B3-AIR BVI LIMITED
6Y-NICARAGUENSE DE AVIACION S.A. (NICA)   B4-AIR CALIFORNIA
7B-KRASNOYARSK AIRLINES                   B5-AIR CARIBE
7C-COYNE AIRWAYS LTD                      B6-JETBLUE AIRWAYS CORP
7F-FIRST AIR (C/O BRADLEY AIR SERVICES)   B7-AIR EUROPE LIMITED
7G-MK AIRLINES LIMITED                    BA-BRITISH AIRWAYS
7J-SKAGWAY AIR SERVICE INC.               BD-BRITISH MIDLAND
7L-AIR BRISTOL (DBA AIR BELFAST)          BE-BRANIFF INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES, INC.
7P-APA INTERNATIONAL AIR, S.A.            BF-BLUEBIRD CARGO
7Q-SHOROUK AIR                            BG-BIMAN BANGLADESH
7W-AIR SASK AVIATION 1991                 BI-ROYAL BRUNEI AIRLINES
7Z-LAKER AIRWAYS (BAHAMAS) LTD.           BM-BELIZE AIR INTERNATIONAL, LTD.
8C-AIR TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL            BN-FORWARD AIR INT’L
8J-JETALL                                 BP-AIR BOTSWANA PTY. LTD.
8S-SALAIR, INC.                           BQ-AEROMAR,C. POR A.
8W-BAX GLOBAL BURLINGTON AIR EXPRESS      BR-EVA AIRWAYS CORPORATION
8Y-ECUATO GUINEANA DE AVIACION            BT-AIR BALTIC CORPORATION SA
9A-AIR ATLANTIC LTD.                      BU-BRAATHENS S.A.F.E. AIRTRANSPORT
9E-EXPRESS AIRLINES I , INC.              BV-BUFFALO AIRWAYS
9F-HAITI AIR FREIGHT INTERNATIONAL S.A.   BW-TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO(BWIA INTERNATION
9J-PACIFIC ISLAND AVIATION, INC.          BY-BRITANNIA AIRWAYS
9N-ANA & JP EXPRESS LTD.                  BZ-KEYSTONE AIR SERVICES LTD.
9S-LATIN AIR LLC                          C2-AIR TORONTO
9T-ATHABASKA AIRWAYS LTD.                 C3-AIR-SIAM AIR CO. LTD.
9U-UNIVERSAL AIRLINES INC.                C4-AIRWEST AIRLINES, LTD. (AIRLINES OF CARRIACOU
9W-JET AIRWAYS INDIA                      LIMITED)
9X-DIAMOND INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES, INC.   C5-ASPEN AIRWAYS
A1-I. CONAIR (CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT COR   C6-AUSTIN AIRWAYS LIMITED



                                                                                             109
      C7-TRANS CARGA S.A.                            F2-MIDWEST AIRLINES LTD
      C9-BOGAZICI                                    F3-MILLARDAIR LTD
      CA-AIR CHINA                                   F4-NORTHERN AIRWAYS
      CC-CISKEI INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS                F5-ORION AIRWAYS LIMITED
      CD-ALLIANCE AIR                                F6-PACIFIC WESTERN AIRLINES
      CF-COMPANIA DE AVIACION FAUCETT, S.A.          F7-AEROMARITIME
      CI-CHINA AIRLINES                              F8-PEOPLE EXPRESS AIRLINE INC.
      CJ-CHINA NORTHERN AIRLINES                     F9-FRONTIER AIRLINES, INC.
      CK-GAMBIA AIRWAYS                              FA-FINNAVIATION
      CL-LUFTHANSA CITYLINE GMBH (PASS.)             FB-FINE AIRLINES INC.
      CM-COPA-COMPANIA PANAMENA DE AVIACION,         FD-AIR FLORIDA
      CO-CONTINENTAL AIRLINES (CONTINENTAL EX        FF-TOWER AIR INC.
      CP-CANADIAN AIRLINES INTERNATIONAL LTD.        FG-ARIANA AFGHAN AIRLINES
      CS-CONTINENTAL MICRONESIA INC                  FI-ICELANDAIR-FLUGLEIDIR
      CU-CUBANA AIRLINES-EMPRSA CONSOLIDADA C        FJ-AIR PACIFIC LIMITED
      CV-CARGOLUX AIRLINES INTERNATIONAL S.A.        FK-AFRICA WEST
      CW-AIR MARSHALL ISLANDS                        FL-AIRTRAN AIRWAYS, INC.
      CX-CATHAY PACIFIC AIRWAYS LIMITED              FM-SHANGHAI AIRLINES
      CY-CYPRUS AIRWAYS, LTD.                        FO-CIRCLE AIR FREIGHT CORP.
      CZ-CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES                     FQ-AIR ARUBA
      D1-BRITISH CALEDONIA AIRWAYS, LTD.             FR-RYANAIR LTD
      D2-CANADIAN VOYAGEUR AIRLINES, LIMITED         FS-SERVICIOS DE TRANSPORTES AEREOS
      D3-CAPITOL INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS, INC.         FU-AIR LITTORAL
      D4-AIRES DELSUR S.A.                           FV-VIVA AIR
      D5-DHL (AERO EXPRESSO S.A.)                    FX-FEDERAL EXPRESS (FEDEX)
      D6-WONG AVIATION (C.O.B.CENTRAL AIRWAYS        G1-PRESIDENTIAL AIRWAYS, INC.(PRESIDENT
      D7-EASTERN PROVINCIAL AIRWAYS LTD.             G2-PROFIT AIRLINES
      D8-FLAMINGO AIRLINES                           G3-AEROCHAGO AIRLINES
      D9-FLIGHTEXEC. LTD                             G5-REGIONAIR
      DB-BRIT AIR                                    G6-REPUBLIC AIRLINES
      DE-CONDOR FLUGDIENST GMBH                      G7-SAN JUAN AIRLINES
      DL-DELTA AIRLINES (DELTA CONNECTION)           G8-SCOTTISH EUROPEAN AIRWAYS,LTD.
      DM-MAERSK AIR                                  G9-SKYCHARTER AIRCRAFT SALES, LTD.
      DN-PIPER AZTEC DBA AZTEC AIRWAYS               GA-GARUDA INDONESIA
      DO-DOMINICANA DE AVIACION                      GB-ABX AIR, INC.
      DP-FIRST CHOICE AIRWAYS LTD.                   GD-TAESA-TRANSPORTES AEREOS EJECUTIVOS,S.A.
      DT-TAAG-ANGOLA AIRLINES                        GF-GULF AIR COMPANY
      DU-AERIAL TRANSIT COMPANY                      GH-GHANA AIRWAYS
      DY-ALYEMDA-DEMOCRATIC YEMEN AIRLINES           GJ-LINHAS AEREAS DE SAO TOME EPRINCIPE
      E2-GORDON AIRWAYS LIMITED                      GL-GREENLANDAIR
      E3-HARRISON AIRWAYS, LIMITED                   GN-AIR GABON
      E4-PEGASUS AIRLIFTS                            GR-GEMINI AIR CARGO
      E5-INTERFLUG                                   GU-EMPRESA GUATEMALTECA DE AVIACION(AVI
      E6-BRINGER AIR CARGO TAXI AEREO LTDA           GV-RIGA AIRLINES
      E7-MACKENZIE AIR LTD.                          GX-AIR ONTARIO
      E8-USAFRICA AIRWAYS, INC.                      GY-GUYANA AIRWAYS
      E9-RAPID AIR (ELDON B.McEACHERN)               H1-SOUNDAIR
      EB-EMERY WORLDWIDE                             H2-SOUTH PACIFIC ISLANDS AIRWAYS (SPIA)
      ED-ANDES AIRLINES (AEROLINEAS NACIONALE        H4-SURVAIR LIMITED
      EF-FAR EASTERN AIR TRANSPORT CORP.             H5-SWIFT SURE COURIER
      EG-JAPAN ASIA AIRWAYS CO. LTD.                 H6-TEMPUS AIR LTD.
      EH-SAETA-SOCIEDAD ECUATORIANA DE TRANSPORTES   H8-TRANS AMERICAN AIRLINES
      AEROS LTDA.                                    H9-TRANS INTERNATIONAL
      EI-IRISH INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES (SEE AE        HA-HAWAIIAN AIRLINES
      EK-EMIRATES AIRLINES                           HE-LGW-LUFTFAHRTGESELLSCHAFT WALTER GMBH
      EM-EMPIRE AIRLINES                             HH-SOMALI AIRLINES
      EN-AIR DOLOMITI, S.P.A.                        HJ-AIR HAITI, S.A.
      EQ-TRANSPORTES AEREOS NACIONALES S.A.          HK-FOUR STAR AVIATION, INC.
      ER-ASTAR AIRWAYS                               HM-AIR SEYCHELLES
      ET-ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES                          HP-AMERICA WEST AIRLINES
      EU-EMPRESA ECUATORIANA DE AVIACION             HS-RYAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES
      EV-ATLANTIC SOUTHEAST AIRLINES, INC.           HU-NORTHERN AIR CARGO
      EY-ETIHAD AIRWAYS                              HV-TRANSAVIA AIRLINES
      EZ-EVERGREEN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES INC        HY-UZBEKISTAN AIRWAYS


110
I1-TRANS NATIONAL                                    LA-LAN-LINEA AEREA NACIONAL-CHILE S.A.
I2-TRANSPORTE AEREO RIOLATENESE S.A.C.E              LB-LLOYD AEREO BOLIVIANO
I4-WARDAIR CANADA, LTD                               LC-VARIG AIRLINES
I9-AERO URUGUAY                                      LD-AIR HONG KONG
IA-IRAQI AIRWAYS                                     LE-LAPARKAN AIRWAYS INC.
IB-IBERIA LINEAS AEREAS DE ESPANA S.A.               LG-LUXAIR-S.A. LUXEMBOURGEOISE DE NAVIG
IC-INDIAN AIRLINES                                   LH-LUFTHANSA CARGO AG
IE-SOLOMON AIRLINES                                  LI-LIAT(1974) LTD.
IG-MEREDIANA S.P.A.                                  LJ-SIERRA NATIONAL AIRLINES
II-ADI DOMESTIC AIRLINE INC.                         LK-LINK AMERICA CORP.
IJ-AIR LIBERTE                                       LM-ALM ANTILLEAN AIRLINES
IO-I.L.P.O. ARUBA CARGO N.V.                         LN-JAMAHIRIYA LIBYAN ARAB AIRLINES
IQ-AUGSBURG AIRWAYS GMBH                             LO-LOT-POLISH AIRLINES
IR-IRAN AIR-THE AIRLINE OF THE ISLAMIC               LR-LACSA-LINEAS AEREAS COSTARRICENSES,
IT-AIR INTERLIGNES AERIENNES INTERIEURE              LS-CHANNEL EXPRESS (AIR SERVICES) LTD.
IV-VG AIRLINES                                       LT-LTU INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS
IW-AOM-FRENCH AIRLINES                               LV-LINEAS AEROPOSTAL VENEZOLANA
IY-YEMENIA YEMEN AIRWAYS                             LX-CROSSAIR LTD. CO. EUROPEAN REGIONAL
J2-AZERBAIJAN HAVA YOLLARY                           LY-EL AL ISRAEL AIRLINES LIMITED
J3-JET FREIGHTERS INC.                               LZ-BALKAN-BULGARIAN AIRLINES
J4-OVERSEAS NATIONAL AIRWAYS                         M1-AERO TRANSCOLOMBIANA DE CARGA
J5-BALAIR LTD.                                       M2-AERO TRANSPORTES PANAMENOS S.A.
J6-INTERAMERICANA DE AVIACION                        M3-AEROLINHAS BRESILEIRAS
JD-JAPAN AIR SYSTEM                                  M5-KENMORE AIR
JE-MANX AIRLINES                                     M6-AMERIJET
JF-L.A.B. FLYING SERVICE INC.                        M7-AEROTRANSPORTES MAS DE CARGA
JI-MIDWAY AIRLINES                                   M8-AIRMAX S.A
JK-SPANAIR S.A.                                      M9-MODILUFT LIMITED
JL-JAPAN AIRLINES                                    MA-MALEV-HUNGARIAN AIRLINES
JM-AIR JAMAICA, LTD                                  MB-MNG AIRLINES CARGO
JN-RICH INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS, INC.                  MD-SOCIETE NATIONALE MALGACHE DE TRANSP
JP-ADRIA AIRWAYS                                     ME-MIDDLE EAST AIRLINES/AIRLIBAN
JQ-TRANS-JAMAICAN AIRLINES LTD.                      MG-MGM GRAND AIR, INC
JR-AERO CALIFORNIA (SERVICIOS AEREOS,SA              MH-MALAYSIA AIRLINES
JS-AIR KORYO                                         MI-SILKAIR (SINGAPORE) PTY. LTD.
JU-JUGOSLOVENSKI AEROTRANSPORT                       MJ-LAPA (LINEAS AEREAS PRIVADAS ARGENTINAS)
JV-BEARSKIN AIRLINES                                 MK-AIR MAURITIUS
JW-ARROW AIR, INC.                                   ML-AERO COSTA RICA ACORI, S.A.
JX-JES AIR                                           MM-SOCIEDAD AERONAUTICA DE MEDELLIN, SA
JY-JERSEY EUROPEAN AIRWAYS LTD.                      MN-COMMERCIAL AIRWAYS (PTY) LTD
JZ-SKYWAYS AB                                        MP-MARTINAIR HOLLAND
K1-ALASKA AIRLINES, INC.                             MQ-SIMMONS AIRLINES
K2-COEX                                              MS-EGYPTAIR
K3-CORDOBA AIR CARGO, S.A.                           MU-CHINA EASTERN AIRLINES
K4-KALLITA AIR LLC/AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES   MV-LEISURE INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS LTD
K5-AERO EJECUTIVOS C. A.                             MX-MEXICANA DE AVIACION, S.A. (SEE ALSO
K8-DUTCH CARIBBEAN AIRLINES                          MY-MAXJET AIRWAYS INC.
KA-HONG KONG DRAGON AIRLINES LIMITED                 MZ-PT MERPATI NUSANTARA
KC-AIR CARGO SEVEN                                   N4-NATIONAL AIRLINES CHILE S.A.
KE-KOREAN AIRLINES                                   N6-MALL AIRWAYS
KI-TIME AIR                                          NB-STERLING AIRWAYS A/S
KJ-BRITISH MEDITERRANEAN AIRWAYS                     NF-AIR VANUATU (OPERATIONS) LIMITED
KL-KLM-ROYAL DUTCH AIRLINES(KONINKLIJKE              NG-LAUDA AIR
KM-AIR MALTA COMPANY LTD-AIR MALTA                   NH-ALL NIPPON AIRWAYS COMPANY , LTD
KQ-KENYA AIRWAYS                                     NI-PORTUGALIA COMPANHIA PORTUGUESA
KR-KITTY HAWK AIRCARGO INC.                          NM-MOUNT COOK GROUP LTD
KS-PENINSULA AIRWAYS INC.                            NP-HEAVYLIFT CARGO AIRLINES, LTD.
KU-KUWAIT AIRWAYS                                    NS-NFD LUFTVERKEHRS AG
KW-CARNIVAL AIR LINES                                NT-NORTH CANADA AIR, LIMITED (C.O.B. NO
KX-CAYMAN AIRWAYS LTD.                               NV-NORTHWEST TERRITORIAL AIRWAYS, LTD
KZ-NIPPON CARGO AIRLINES                             NW-NORTHWEST AIRLINES, INC. (NORTHWEST
L6-AIR MALDIVES LTD                                  NX-NORTHSOUTH AVIATION
L7-LINES AEREA SAPAS CHILE                           NZ-AIR NEW ZEALAND, LIMITED
L8-LEISURE AIR                                       O0-SKY WEST AIRLINES


                                                                                                   111
      OA-OLYMPIC AIRWAYS                              S2-SAHARA INDIA AIRLINES LTD
      OB-OASIS INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES                 S3-SANTA BARBARA AIRLINE
      OD-ZULIANA DE AVIACION C.A.                     SA-SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS
      OG-AIR GUADELOUPE (SOCETE ANTILTAISE DE         SB-AIR CALEDONIE INTERNATIONAL
      TRANSPORTS AERIENS                              SC-AEROPOSTA S.A.
      OH-COMAIR, INC.                                 SD-SUDAN AIRWAYS
      OK-CZECHOSLOVAK AIRLINES                        SF-AIR CHARTER (SAFA)
      OL-AERONORTE INTERNACIONAL, S.A.                SH-SAHSA-SERVICIO AEREO DE HONDURAS, SA
      OM-MIAT-MONGOLIAN AIRLINES                      SJ-SOUTHERN AIR TRANSPORT INC.
      ON-AIR NAURU                                    SK-SCANDINAVIAN AIRLINES SYSTEM
      OO-USA JET AIRLINES INC.                        SN-SABENA BELGIAN WORLD AIRLINES
      OP-CHALKS INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES                SP-SATA AIR ACORES
      OR-AIR COMORES                                  SQ-SINGAPORE AIRLINES
      OS-AUSTRIAN AIRLINES                            SR-SWISSAIR-SWISS AIR TRANSPORT CO., LT
      OV-ESTONIAN AIR                                 SS-CORSE AIR INTERNATIONAL
      OZ-ASIANA AIRLINES                              SU-AIRFOYLE
      P2-PANAMA AIR INTERNATIONAL                     SV-SAUDI ARABIAN AIRLINES
      P4-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES               SW-AIR NAMIBIA
      PA-PAN AM                                       SX-AEROEJECUTIVO S. A. DE C.V.
      PAC-POLAR AIR CARGO                             SY-SUN COUNTRY AIRLINES
      PD-PEM AIR LTD.                                 SZ-CHINA SOUTHWEST AIRLINES
      PE-AIR EUROPE S.P.A.                            T7-TRANSLIFT AIRWAYS LTD.
      PF-MID PACIFIC AIR CORPORATION                  TA-TACA INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES S.A.
      PH-POLYNESIAN AIRLINES LIMITED                  TC-AIR TANZANIA CORPORATION
      PI-SUNFLOWER AIRLINES LTD                       TD-TNT SAVA S/A (SAVA AIR)
      PJ-AIR ST. PIERRE                               TE-LITHUANIAN AIRLINES
      PK-PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES              TG-THAI AIRWAYS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
      PL-AEROPERU-EMPRESA DE TRANSPORTES (AEROPERU)   TH-TRANSMILE AIR SERVICES
      PO-POLAR AIR CARGO                              TJ-TIKAL JETS
      PR-PHILLIPINE AIRLINES, INC.                    TK-TURK HAVA YOLLARI
      PS-AIR UKRAINE INTERNATIONAL                    TL-TRANS MEDITERRANEAN AIRWAYS, S.A.L.
      PT-PBA PROVINCETOWN BOSTON AIRLINE              TM-TEXAS MEXICAN RAILWAY COMPANY
      PU-PLUNA-PRIMERAS LINEAS URAGUAYAS DE N         TN-AIR TAHITI NUI
      PX-AIR NIUGINI                                  TO-ALKAN AIR LTD.
      PY-SURINAM AIRWAYS LIMITED                      TP-TAP AIR PORTUGAL
      Q7-SOBELAIR                                     TQ-TRANSWEDE AIRWAYS AB
      QC-AIR ZAIRE                                    TR-TRANSBRASIL S/A LINHAS AEREAS
      QE-AIR MOOREA                                   TS-AIR TRANSAT
      QF-QANTAS AIRWAYS LIMITED                       TT-AIR LITHUANIA
      QJ-JET AIRWAYS INC.                             TU-TUNIS AIR-SOCIETE TUNISIENNE DE L’AI
      QL-LESOTHO AIRWAYS CORP.                        TV-HAITI TRANS AIR S.A.
      QM-AIR MALAWI                                   TW-TRANS WORLD AIRLINES INC. (TRANS WOR
      QN-ROYAL AVIATION, INC.                         TY-TRANS AIR LINK
      QO-AEROMEXPRESS                                 TZ-AMERICAN TRANS AIR
      QQ-RENO AIR, INC.                               U6-URAL AIRLINES (TRANS MAR)
      QR-QATAR AIRWAYS (W.L.L)                        UA-UNITED AIR LINES,INC (UNITED EXPRESS
      QS-TATRA AIR                                    UB-MYANMA AIRWAYS
      QT-TAMPA AIRLINES,SA(SEE ALSO TRANSPORT         UC-LINEA AERA DEL COBRE (LADECO AIRLINES)
      QX-HORIZON AIR                                  UD-FAST AIR CARRIER LTDA
      QY-EUROPEAN AIR TRANSPORT N.V.                  UE-AIR L. A.
      QZ-ZAMBIA AIRWAYS                               UG-TUNITER
      R1-AIRPAC AIRLINES                              UK-AIR U.K.
      R3-ARMENIAN AIRLINES                            UL-AIRLANKA,LTD.
      R7-ASERCA AIRLINES                              UM-AIR ZIMBABWE
      RA-ROYAL NEPAL AIRLINES CORP.                   UO-DIRECT AIR
      RB-SYRIAN ARAB AIRLINES                         UP-OUT ISLANDS AIRWAYS, LTD.(BAHAMASAIR
      RC-ATLANTIC AIRWAYS FAROE ISLANDS               US-US AIRWAYS
      RD-RYAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES                  UT-U.T.A. UNION DE TRANSPORTES AERIENS
      RF-FLORIDA WEST                                 UU-AIR AUSTRAL
      RJ-ROYAL JORDANIAN                              UX-AIR EUROPA (AIR ESPANIA SA)
      RK-AIR AFRIQUE                                  UY-CAMEROON AIRLINES
      RL-AEROLINEAS NICARAGUENSES A.S. (AERON         V1-AEROLINEAS LATINAS C.A.
      RO-TAROM ROMANIAN AIR TRANSPORT                 V5-J.D. VALENCIANA DE AVIATION C.A.
      RW-ALAS DE TRANSPORTE INTERNATIONAL, S.         V8-PSA PACIFIC SOUTHWEST AIRLINES


112
VA-VIASA-VENEZOLANA INTERNACIONAL DE AV
VB-MAERSK AIR LTD
VE-AVENSA-AEROVIAS VENEZOLANAS, S.A.
VK-AIR TUNGARU CORP
VLO-VARIG LOGISTICA SA
VN-VIETNAM AIRLINES
VP-VASP VIACAO AEREA SAO PAULO S.A.
VS-VIRGIN ATLANTIC AIRWAYS LTD.
VT-AIR TAHITI
VU-AIR IVOIRE
VV-AEROSVIT AIRLINES
VW-AEROMAR AIRLINES
VX-ACES
VZ-AIRTOURS INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS LTD.
W9-EASTWIND AIRLINES INC
WD-DAS AIRLINES
WE-CHALLENGE AIR CARGO, INC.
WF-WIDEROES FLYVESELSKAP A/S
WI-TRADEWINDS INTERNATIONAL AIRLINE
WJ-LABRADOR AIRWAYS LTD.
WM-WINDWARD ISLAND AIRWAYS INTERNATIONA
WN-SOUTHWEST AIRLINES
WO-WORLD AIRWAYS
WR-ROYAL TONGAN AIRLINES
WT-NIGERIA AIRWAYS LTD.
XC-AIR CARIBBEAN
XK-COMPAGNIE AERIENNE CORSE
XT-AIR EXCEL NL
XU-AEROVIAS,S.A.
XV-AIR EXPRESS
XW-WALKER’S INTERNATIONAL
XY-RYAN AIR
Y2-AFRICAN JOINT AIR SERVICES
YO-HELI-AIR MONACO
YU-AEROLINEAS DOMINICANAS,S.A.
YW-LAMSA - AIR NOSTRUM
YX-MIDWEST EXPRESS AIRLINES, INC. (MIDW
Z3-STAR HAVA YOLLARI
Z9-AERO ZAMBIA
ZB-MONARCH AIRLINES
ZC-ROYAL SWAZI NATIONAL AIRWAYS CORP.
ZL-AFFRETAIR (PRIVATE) LIMITED
ZP-AIR ST THOMAS
ZQ-NEWMAN (SEE ANSETT NEW ZEALAND)
ZS-HISPANOLA AIRWAYS C. POR A.
ZU-AEROVIAS COLOMBIANAS LTDA. ARCA
ZW-AIR WISCONSIN AIRLINES CORPORATION
ZX-AIRBC,LTD.
ZY-ADA AIR




                                          Source: http://www.tradegate2000.com/documents/tables/iata2.txt


                                                                                                            113
                          AIrport Cooper AtIve
                          reseArCH proGrAm



      Research is necessary to solve common operating problems, to adapt
      appropriate new technologies from other industries, and to introduce
      innovations into the airport industry. The Airport Cooperative Research
      Program (ACRP) was authorized in December 2003 as part of the Vision
      100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. In October 2005, the Fed-
      eral Aviation Administration (FAA) executed a contract with the National
      Academies, acting through its Transportation Research Board (TRB), to
      serve as manager of the ACRP. Program oversight and governance are
      provided by representatives of airport operating agencies.

      The ACRP carries out applied research on problems that are shared by
      airport operating agencies and are not being adequately addressed by
      existing federal research programs. The ACRP undertakes research and
      other technical activities in a variety of airport subject areas including
      design, construction, maintenance, operations, safety, security, policy,
      planning, human resources, and administration.

      RESEARCH NEEDS
      Problem statements, describing research needs, may be submitted to
      ACRP by anyone at any time. Problem statements that will be considered
      for inclusion in the following fiscal year is are due sometime in April. It
      should be understood that problem statements are not proposals to con-
      duct the research but are used to identify potential research needs only.
      Problem statements selected by the ACRP Oversight Committee will be
      the basis for Requests for Proposals that will be issued by TRB and used
      to select contractors based on competitive proposals. If you have a re-
      search need that you would like to submit for consideration, we request
      that you describe it in accordance with the Problem Statement Outline
      and submit it electronically by e-mail to ACRP@NAS.EDU.

      If sent electronically, our preference is for you to include the statement
      in Microsoft Word format as an attachment to an e-mail message. The
      problem statement may also be submitted in the text of an e-mail mes-
      sage. Please note that problem statements need not be lengthy; 1-2 pages
      should be sufficient to describe the research topic in the requested for-
      mat. Paper copies of problem statements also may be submitted by US
      Mail to Christopher W. Jenks at the address below or by facsimile to his
      attention at (202) 334-2006.




114
PROjECT PANELS
Each project is assigned to a panel, appointed by the Transportation Re-
search Board, which provides technical guidance and counsel through-
out the life of the project. Panels include experienced practitioners and
research specialists; heavy emphasis is placed on including members
representing the intended users of the research products. The panels
prepare project statements and select contractors based on evaluation of
the proposals received; they guide the projects and review the reports.
As in other TRB activities, ACRP project panel members serve voluntarily
without compensation.

SELECTION OF CONTRACTORS
The process for selecting ACRP researchers has been used by TRB in
managing cooperative research programs for more than 40 years. This
open process allows all potential research agencies to compete on the
basis of technical merit, and ensures that all proposers are treated fairly
and that the program has access to the best talent available for each proj-
ect. Proposals from potential research contractors are evaluated by the
project panels. The evaluation considers the following: (1) the proposer’s
demonstrated understanding of the problem; (2) the merit of the proposed
research approach and experiment design; (3) experience, qualifications,
and objectivity of the research team in the same or closely related ar-
eas; (4) the plan for promoting application of results; (5) the proposer’s
plan for participation of Disadvantaged Business Enterprises--small firms
owned and controlled by minorities or women; and (6) the adequacy of
the facilities.

Selected agencies perform research under contract to the National Acad-
emies, guided by a Procedural Manual for Agencies Conducting Research
in the Airport Cooperative Research Program.

PRODUCTS
Primary emphasis is placed on disseminating ACRP results to the in-
tended end-users of the research: airport operating agencies, service
providers, and suppliers. The relevant industry associations will play key
roles in making research information available through their committee
structures. The ACRP will produce a series of research reports for use by
airport operators, local agencies, FAA, and other interested parties; indus-
try associations may arrange for workshops, training aids, field visits, and
other activities to ensure that results are implemented by airport-industry
practitioners.




                                                                               115
      STATUS
      The ACRP started in October 2005, when a Memorandum of Agreement
      was executed by the cooperating parties, and FAA provided funds to be-
      gin the program. The ACRP Oversight Committee (AOC) was appointed
      by Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta and held its first meeting
      in January to establish operating procedures for the ACRP and to priori-
      tize research needs. The AOC met again in July 2006, January 2007, July
      2007, and January 2008. As of February 1, 2008, 96 ACRP studies have
      been authorized.

      GENERAL ACRP FACTS AS OF jULY 2008
      Funding:    FY 2005 $3 million
                  FY 2006 $10 million
                  FY 2007 $10 million
                  FY 2008 $10 million
                  FY 2009 $15 million (anticipated)
      Studies in progress: 64
      Studies completed: 23
      Number of panel slots (active projects): 404
      Problem Statements considered: 487* (includes FY 2009)
      Proposals: 314 (6.0 per project average)
      Proposers: 184 (primes)

      CONTACT
      To submit a research problem statement or to request further information
      on ACRP, write or call:
           Christopher W. Jenks, Director, Cooperative Research Programs
           Transportation Research Board
           500 Fifth Street NW, Washington, DC 20001
           (202) 334-3089
           (202) 334-2006 FAX
           cjenks@nas.edu


                                      From the ACRP website - http://www.trb.org/CRP/ACRP/ACRP.asp




116
117
                                  Freedoms oF tHe AIr




      First Freedom of the Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      granted by one State to another State or States to fly across its territory without landing (also known
      as a First Freedom Right).

      Second Freedom of the Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      granted by one State to another State or States to land in its territory for non-traffic purposes (also
      known as a Second Freedom Right).

      Third Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      granted by one State to another State to put down, in the territory of the first State, traffic coming
      from the home State of the carrier (also known as a Third Freedom Right).

      Fourth Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      granted by one State to another State to take on, in the territory of the first State, traffic destined for
      the home State of the carrier (also known as a Fourth Freedom Right).

      Fifth Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      granted by one State to another State to put down and to take on, in the territory of the first State,
      traffic coming from or destined to a third State (also known as a Fifth Freedom Right).
      ICAO characterizes all “freedoms” beyond the Fifth as “so-called” because only the first five
      “freedoms” have been officially recognized as such by international treaty.

      Sixth Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      of transporting, via the home State of the carrier, traffic moving between two other States (also
      known as a Sixth Freedom Right). The so-called Sixth Freedom of the Air, unlike the first five
      freedoms, is not incorporated as such into any widely recognized air service agreements such as
      the “Five Freedoms Agreement”.

      Seventh Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air
      services, granted by one State to another State, of transporting traffic between the territory of the
      granting State and any third State with no requirement to include on such operation any point in the
      territory of the recipient State, i.e the service need not connect to or be an extension of any service
      to/from the home State of the carrier.

      Eighth Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,
      of transporting cabotage traffic between two points in the territory of the granting State on a service
      which originates or terminates in the home country of the foreign carrier or (in connection with the
      so called Seventh Freedom of the Air) outside the territory of the granting State (also known as a
      Eighth Freedom Right or “consecutive cabotage”).

      Ninth Freedom of The Air - the right or privilege of transporting cabotage traffic of the granting
      State on a service performed entirely within the territory of the granting State (also known as a
      Ninth Freedom Right or “stand alone” cabotage).




                         Source: Manual on the Regulation of International Air Transport (Doc 9626, Part 4)


118
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