Presented by: H.O.D. Mrs. Maha Al- Harb
ELT Supervisor: Mrs. Khawla Al-Rifa’e
Principal: Mrs. Suad Al-Shbaily
At the end of this session , you are expected to:
1. Develop self awareness and analysis of questioning techniques.
2. Use questioning and elicitation techniques effectively in class.
3. Identify various types of questions with examples.
4. Recognize the importance of Bloom’s taxonomy as a taxonomy of
5. Identify the characteristics of a good question.
6. Recognize the importance of good questioning techniques.
can you ask
What do we mean by
Methods used for constructing and
presenting questions in order to promote
effective discussions and learning or to elicit
Why do you think we have chosen this topic to talk
The most common form of interaction between teacher and pupil.
Provide motivation by encouraging students to actively participate
Influence can cause integration of the four skills.
Asking questions help teachers to promote the
level of the pupils.
The teacher can assess the effectiveness of her own teaching.
What’s the purpose of using Questioning
*To interest, engage and challenge pupils.
*To check on prior knowledge and connect it to a new topic.
*To stimulate recall and use of existing knowledge and experience
in order to create new understanding and meaning.
*To focus thinking on key concepts and issues.
*To extend pupil’s thinking from the concrete and factual to the
analytical and evaluative.
*To lead pupils through a planned sequence which progressively
establishes key understandings.
*To promote reasoning, problem solving, evaluation and the
formulation of hypotheses.
*To promote pupil’s thinking about the way they have learned.
What’s the purpose behind asking questions in
the following stages?
Warming up Recalling
Practicing the taught
Production Checking Comprehension
1. Wh questions:
- Asking for information about something.
- Asking for a reason.
- Asking about time.
- Asking about place.
- Asking about choice.
- Asking what or which person or people.
- Asking about ownership. ( Task 3 )
Write 5 sample questions for “ Set Book “ in exams:
1.What do bees do?
2. Where does Kuwait lie?
3. When do Muslims pray?
4. Who is Abdulaziz Husain?
5. Why do we go to school?
2. Yes / No Questions
( Closed Questions ) :
There are two definitions that are used to describe closed questions. A
common definition is:
A closed question can be answered with either a single word or a short phrase.
A closed question can be answered with either Yes or No.
They should be used with care – too many closed questions can cause
frustration and shut down conversation.
Closed Questions have the following characteristics:
- They give you facts.
- They are easy and quick to answer.
- They keep control of the conversation with the questioner.
3. Open Questions:
These are useful in getting another person to speak.
( They’re likely to receive a long answer. ) They often
begin with the words: What , Why, When , Who…
Sometimes they are statements : “ tell me about” ,
“ give me an example of”
They can provide you with a good deal of
Open questions have the following characteristics:
- They ask the student to think and reflect.
- They will give you opinions and feelings.
- They hand control of the conversation to the respondent.
4. Tag Questions:
A tag question is a special construction in English.
It is a statement followed by a mini-question whether
it is positive or negative. The whole sentence is a
"tag question", and the mini-question at the end is
called a "question tag".
We use tag questions at the end of statements to
ask for confirmation. They mean something like: "Am
I right?" or "Do you agree?" They are very common
5. Inference Questions:
I nf er e n c e q u e sti o n s a s k y o u t o fin d
t h e i nf er e n c e s a n d a s s u m p ti o n s m a d e
i n t h e p a s s a g e. T h e m ai n g o al of th e
e ntir e te st is to as s e s s y o ur ability to
g o b e y o n d w h at is on t h e p a g e. It’s
n ot u n u s u al t o f ac e t w o or m o r e
in fe re n c e q u e s tio n s in e a c h p a s s a g e .
E x . T h e y w e n t o u t a t 6.
T h e y ca m e b a c k a t 10.
H o w lo n g d id th e y sta y
o u t?
Techniques of asking a question:
1. The Default: 2. The Volunteer:
Ask a question Ask a question
Call on a student Wait for a raised hand
technique and use it
as your standard
3. Jump Ball: 4. The Choir:
Ask a question Ask a question
“ Any body ” “ Every body “
Use for conceptually Use for simple but
challenging questions and important points that
when you need a fast everyone should know
When a student asks a question:
*C la rify it , if n e c e s s a ry .
* W h e n e v e r p o s s ib le , h e lp th e s tu d e n t
a n s w e r th e q u e s tio n h im s e lf.
* A s k o th e r stu d e n ts to a n s w e r th e
q u e s tio n .
* D e fe r u n til la te r, if p o s s ib le .
* Answer it yourself, only as a last resort…
* But, n e v er let a stu d e nt’ s qu e stio n
g o u n a n s w e re d .
When a student says ( I don’t know)
As A General Rule
Don’t Let Them Off The Hook!
What are the characteristics of a good question?
Common A good unambiguous
should be Relevant
Related to the objectives
effective questioning should
1. Reinforce and promote the learning objectives.
2. Include “staging” questions to draw pupils towards key
understanding or to increase the level of challenge in a lesson as it
3. Involve all pupils.
4. Engage pupils in thinking for themselves.
5. Promote justification and reasoning.
6. Create an atmosphere of trust where pupil’s opinions and ideas
7. Show connections between previous and new learning.
8. Encourage pupils to speculate and hypothesize.
9. Encourage pupils to ask as well as to “receive” questions.
10. Encourage pupils to listen and respond to each other as well as
to the teacher.
General Strategies For
1. When planning questions, keep in mind your lesson goals.
2. Avoid asking leading questions.
3. Follow a “ yes” or “ no “ question with an additional question.
4. When you plan each class lesson, include notes of when you will pause to
ask and answer questions.
5. Ask a mix of different types of questions and use keywords of questioning
like: Who, Why, What, Where, When…. .
6. Wait for students to think and formulate responses.
7. Encourage students to ask questions at any time.
8. Scatter questions over the entire class.
9. Pose questions within the ability of the student to whom the question is
10. Ask students to give complete answers.
11. Do not permit frequent group responses.
12. Avoid asking questions that can be answered by guessing.
Pitfalls Of Questioning:
It is easy to fall in the trap of:
1. Asking too many closed questions.
2. Asking pupils questions to which they can respond with a simple yes or
3. Asking too many short – answer, recall – based questions.
4. Asking bogus, “ What I’m thinking” questions.
5. Starting all questions with the same stem.
6. Focusing on a small number of pupils and not involving the whole class.
7. Making the sequence of questions too rigid.
8. Not giving pupils time to reflect, or to pose their own questions.
9. Dealing ineffectively with incorrect answers.
10. Asking questions when another strategy might be more appropriate.
Write an example for each category:
Category Question Word Example
Analysis examine, analyze
Interpret, apply, use,
Restate, discuss, describe,
Who, What, When,
define, recall, list
Famous sayings about Asking
‘In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.
The important thing is not to stop questioning.
Teaching is the art of asking questions.
To question well is to teach well. In the skillful use
of questions. More than anything else, lies the fine
art of teaching.
Famous sayings about
“ Instructors will perform with excellence if they
employ effective questioning techniques”
Bob Powers( 1992 )
Good learning starts with questions, not answers.
Guy Claxton, Bristol University
In summary, we have learned that :
Good questioning is a major determinant of the success of teaching.