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Emerging Issues in Health Career Education

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 35

									 Caring for the Future:
Recruiting and Retaining
 Health Care Educators

American Association for Community Colleges
            Annual Conference
          Long Beach, California
              April 24, 2006


          National Network of Health Career Programs in
                       Two-Year Colleges
             Panel of Presenters
 Pat Harris, RN, MS
    District Director of Health Care Education
    Maricopa Community College District
 Barbara R. Jones, PhD,
    Interim Vice Chancellor for Academic and Student Affairs
    Louisiana Delta Community College, Monroe, LA
 Janell, Lang, EdS
    Dean, Health Technologies Division
    Owens Community College, Toledo, OH




                       National Network of Health Career Programs in
                                    Two-Year Colleges
    Presentation Overview
Community Colleges face challenges in
attracting nursing and allied health
faculty and administrators. Recruitment
and retention strategies will be
presented.




            National Network of Health Career Programs in
                         Two-Year Colleges
                          Goals
 To identify challenges to health care faculty
  recruitment and retention
 To present health care faculty recruitment
  and retention strategies
 To review opportunities for collaboration in
  recruitment and retention of health care
  faculty



                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
       Oh, the Challenges
            We Face

            Pat Harris, RN, MS
District Director, Health Care Education
     Maricopa Community Colleges

           National Network of Health Career Programs in
                        Two-Year Colleges
        One minute foundation:
        “Just the Facts, Ma’am”
 There’s a significant, long lasting shortage
  out there.
 Thousands of qualified applicants are turned
  away each year from healthcare professional
  educational programs because of capacity
  issues.
 Funding for program operations and student
  scholarships are more available in the past,
  but often times there is a lack of human
  capital to secure funding.

                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
             More Brief Facts
 Professional program accreditation
  establishes faculty requirements, resource
  allocation guidelines
 State or Federal regulatory agencies set
  requirements for faculty qualifications and
  staffing ratios, particularly in clinical settings
 Health programs are particularly demanding
  on faculty (clinical load)
 Health professionals are not as diverse as
  general population

                 National Network of Health Career Programs in
                              Two-Year Colleges
  Three Legged Stool of Healthcare
            Education
 Faculty
    Shortage in workers, shortage in faculty,
     sometimes shortage in flexibility
    Aging population, eagerly anticipating
     retirement
    Brain drain—salaries, benefit packages
 Funding
    Lesser issue than before, but still looms
 Facilities
    Clinical space

                 National Network of Health Career Programs in
                              Two-Year Colleges
                Data Dearth
 Nursing has a plethora of data. Forecasting
  is challenging, but can be done.
 Allied Health is like a 1,000 piece puzzle. It is
  assumed that all the pieces will go together,
  but it’s challenging finding sufficient
  information on the big picture.
 Some States have excellent data, others do
  not. Given the assumption that many models
  build upon State data, much is lost.

                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
      What data do we have?
 Health and Human Services, The Registered
  Nurse Population: National Sample Survey of
  Registered Nurses, March 2004
 Bureau of Labor Statistics
 Various organizations Fact Sheets: AACC,
  National League for Nursing, professional
  organizations and regulatory boards
 State workforce organization data


               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
        Nursing Faculty
March 2004 National Sample of RNs
 40% of current nursing faculty teach in
  associate degree programs
 Average Age is 46.8 years; doctoral prepared
  faculty average age is 55.7
 Age breakout of current faculty:
     Highest group is 21% 50-54 years
     30% are over 55 years
     20% are under 40


                 National Network of Health Career Programs in
                              Two-Year Colleges
           Nursing Faculty
 Fewer graduate nursing students are
  choosing to be educators. Practitioner
  salaries are more enticing—and physician
  shortages are increasing opportunity for
  advance practitioners.
 Some Universities adding post-masters
  certificate in Education, more needed
 Small percentage (<10%) of nurses and allied
  health professionals hold Masters degree or
  higher

               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
     Allied Health Faculty
 According to Fact Sheet issued in March
  2003 by the Association of Academic Health
  Centers, allied health professions account for
  approximately 50 % of total US health
  workforce.
 In this context, faculty shortages are among
  the highest of all health professions and are
  projected to increase.


               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
   Allied Health Faculty Vacancies
       Association of Academic Health Centers

 Current                                Within 5 years
    HIM—15.4%                             HIM—30.8%
    Dietetics—15.4%                       Dietetics—28.2%
    Radiation Therapy—                    Radiation Therapy—
     12.5%                                   18.8%
    CV Perfusion Tech—                    CV Perfusion Tech—
     10.7%                                   28.6%
    Dental Hygiene—9.5%                   Dental Hygiene—19%




                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
          Regional Influences
 Direct influence on shortages, although the
  issues are national, on the most part
 Urban versus rural settings. Easier to recruit
  health practitioners from urban medical
  centers than from rural facilities. Recruit
  young practitioners to be part-time or adjunct,
  develop for full time faculty.
 Competitive programs—private colleges,
  career schools, and universities

                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
           Bottom Line Logic
 In Allied Health, the number of full time faculty
  is sufficiently modest, so that vacancy rates
  are irrelevant to the situation: if you have one
  vacancy, you have a major problem.
 In most cases, your faculty are being
  compensated well below market value. The
  satisfaction of educating others is not a
  selling point sufficient to match $20 K salary
  differences.
 Nine month contracts are mixed blessings.

                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
    STRATEGIES
Recruiting and Retaining
 Health Care Educators

         Janell Lang, Ed.S.
Dean, School of Health Sciences
  Owens Community College
    Toledo & Findlay, Ohio

         National Network of Health Career Programs in
                      Two-Year Colleges
         The “Tipping Point”
 The point at which a crisis can become a
  disaster
 One million nursing positions will be open by
  2012 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
 As great a need exists in the Allied Health
  Professions
 What remains hidden is the lack of qualified
  faculty to teach our students



                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
The Test for Community Colleges:

    How do we recruit and retain qualified nursing
     and allied health faculty while not breaking the
     bank?




                 National Network of Health Career Programs in
                              Two-Year Colleges
            Special Challenges
   Qualified Faculty Shortages
   Escalating Workforce Retirement
   Faculty Demanding Higher Salaries
   Difficulty Recruiting
   High Attrition Rates
   Inadequate Resources
   Little On-the-Job Training
   Lack of Recognition & Appreciation
   Higher Workloads & Industry Demand



                  National Network of Health Career Programs in
                               Two-Year Colleges
                 Some Solutions
 A Competitive Labor Driven Market
 Effective Orientation Programs for New Full and Part
    Time Faculty
   Resource Guides
   Professional Development
   Tuition Reimbursement Plans
   Ability to Maintain Currency in Clinical Area of
    Practice
   Autonomy/Independence



                    National Network of Health Career Programs in
                                 Two-Year Colleges
              More Solutions
   A Mentorship Program
     Optimizes Dwindling Resources
     Utilizes Limited Faculty/Staff
     Shortens Learning Curves
     Supports Career Development
     Seeds Faculty Leadership
     Sets Higher Standards of Practice
     Increases Confidence & Skills


                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
 Benefits of A Mentorship Program
 Optimizes Shared Learning Experiences
 Provides Networking
 Strengthens Leadership Skills
 Fosters Support
 Improves Teamwork
 Increases Job Satisfaction
 Retains Experienced Faculty
 Supports Classroom/Laboratory/Clinical
  Learning
               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
                        Finally
 “Growing Our Own”


 Foster a sense of commitment in our current
  students to return to their roots and give back
  to the learning communities in which they
  prospered.




                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
        COLLABORATION
           Recruiting and Retaining
           Health Care Educators

                   Barbara Jones, PhD
Interim Vice Chancellor for Academic and Student Affairs
           Louisiana Delta Community College
                       Monroe, LA
                 bjones@ladelta.cc.la.us


               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
         Possible Solutions
 Endowments for faculty positions
 Grants
 Funding
 Job sharing
 Recruitment
 Flexible scheduling to supplement income
 Benefits: time off, tuition waivers, flexible
  schedules, sabbaticals
 Collaborations

                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
             Why Collaboration?
 Limited financial resources
 Limited physical resources
    (i.e., space, equipment,
    technology)
   Limited faculty
   Accreditation/regulations
   Limited availability of
    expertise, established
    programs, and resources
   Need for strong
    community/cooperative
    relationships
                      National Network of Health Career Programs in
                                   Two-Year Colleges
Institutional Partnerships and
         Collaborations

   Employee/faculty sharing
   Sharing of Classroom and Clinical space
   Student tuition stipends or reimbursements
   Equipment sharing
   Grants for program development
   Funds for faculty salary or program support
   Endowments
   Continuing education
                National Network of Health Career Programs in
                             Two-Year Colleges
              Collaborations
 Develop collaborations at the institutional,
  local, state, and federal level to:
      Increase funding/off-set costs
      Increase supply of students in the health
       career education “pipeline” – grow your own
      Participate in development and best practices
       research
      Increase and improvement of health care
       delivery to meet community needs

                  National Network of Health Career Programs in
                               Two-Year Colleges
         Collaborations - Local
 Medical facilities - institutions
    Faculty sharing
    Classroom/clinical space
    Distance learning
    Funding for faculty and program development/expansion
    Stipends for students – future employees
    Tuition reimbursement for current employees – job
     advancement
    Endowments for faculty
 Equipment Donations
    Medical facilities
    Vendors
 Local AHEC
    Recruitment
                        National Network of Health Career Programs in
                                     Two-Year Colleges
        Collaborations - State
 Higher Education: Institution - institution
      Distance Learning – sharing of experienced
       faculty
      Remote site programs
 Incumbent Worker Training Programs
 Health Care Workforce Boards




                  National Network of Health Career Programs in
                               Two-Year Colleges
    Collaborations - Federal
 National Health Systems (i.e., HCA)
 Workforce Investment
 HRSA - Allied Health Project Grants
 Nursing Reinvestment Act
 Proposed Allied Health Reinvestment Act
  (faculty loan program)




               National Network of Health Career Programs in
                            Two-Year Colleges
Questions and Answers?




      National Network of Health Career Programs in
                   Two-Year Colleges
          Contact information
 Pat Harris, RN, MS
      pat.harris@domail.maricopa.edu
 Barbara R. Jones, PhD,
    bjones@ladelta.cc.la.us

 Janell Lang, EdS
      Janell_Lang@owens.edu




                   National Network of Health Career Programs in
                                Two-Year Colleges
   Caring for the Future:
  Recruiting and Retaining
   Health Care Educators

American Association for Community Colleges
            Annual Conference
          Long Beach, California
              April 24, 2006


          National Network of Health Career Programs in
                       Two-Year Colleges

								
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