‘O N T H E C O R N E R’
(The information that needs to be told)
Vol. 3 2011
The pulse of a community can all ways be judged by the talk in the street,
the CORNER has always been the place, for us to hang out, to talk,
to listen and pass on information it’s our meeting place.
Even in the trying conditions of servitude, racial oppression,
segregation and discrimination African-Americans were able to
resist, withstand and overcome many of the dehumanizing aspects
of their daily lives.
The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued
by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1,
1863, during the American Civil War
It proclaimed the freedom of 3.1 million of the nation's
4 million slaves, and immediately freed 50,000 of them,
with the rest freed as Union armies advanced. The actual
order, named the locations under Confederate control where
it would apply.
The proclamation did not cover the 800,000 slaves in the
slave-holding border states of Missouri, Kentucky, West
Virginia, Maryland or Delaware, which were Union states;
slaves there were freed by separate state and federal actions.
The state of Tennessee had already mostly returned to Union
control, and was exempted
Virginia was named, but exemptions were specified for the
48 counties that were in the process of forming West
Virginia, as well as seven other named counties and two
cities. Also specifically exempted were New Orleans and
Louisiana, all of which were also already mostly under
The Emancipation Proclamation was ridiculed for freeing
only the slaves over whom the Union had no power. Over
50,000 were freed the day it went into effect in parts of nine
of the ten states to which it applied (Texas being the
On June 19, 1865, legend has it while standing on the
balcony of Galveston’s Ashton Villa; Union General Gordon
Granger read the contents of “General Order No. 3”
The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a
proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all
slaves are free.
In every other Confederate state the Proclamation went
into immediate effect in Union-occupied areas and at least
20,000 slaves were freed at once on January 1, 1863.
Additionally, the Proclamation provided the legal framework
for the emancipation of nearly all four million slaves as the
Union armies advanced, and committed the Union to ending
Hearing of the Proclamation, more slaves quickly escaped to
Union lines as the Army units moved south. As the Union
armies advanced through the Confederacy, thousands of
slaves were freed each day until nearly all (approximately 4
million, according to the 1860 census) were freed by July
1865. While the Proclamation had freed most slaves, it had
not made slavery illegal.
Slavery continued to be legal, and to exist, until December
18, 1865, when the Thirteenth Amendment was enacted.
More African-American men are in prison or jail, on
probation or parole than were enslaved in 1850, before
the Civil War began."
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics estimates that as of
2008, there were more than 846,000 black men
in prison, making up 40.2 percent of all inmates in the
Prisons have become the latest form of economic and
social disenfranchisement for young people of color,
particularly black men. If crime rates have fluctuated
over the years and are now at historical lows, then why
have rates of incarcerated men of color skyrocketed over
the past 30 years?
The "war on drugs," which focuses primarily on
communities of color, whites use and sell illegal drugs
at rates equal to or higher than blacks.
Despite this, four of five black youths in some inner-
city communities can expect to be incarcerated in their
The more things change,
the more they stay same