Esau and Jacobdoc - Week 4

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					Esau and Jacob
IDs: Genealogy; Eponymous Ancestor; Patriachal Religion
Primary Readings: Genesis 25–36; 38; 49

1. The Esau/Jacob Cycle (Genesis 25–36)
       Genesis 25–28          The Loss of the Birthright and Jacob’s Escape
       Genesis 29–31          Jacob and Laban: Birth of Jacob’s Children
       Genesis 32–36          Esau and Jacob Meet, the Rape of Dina, and Esau’s
2. Literary Features of the Esau/Jacob Cycle
      Genesis’ genealogical concept of history;
      Esau and Jacob are eponymous ancestors; Jacob/Israel (Gen 32:28) is the father
       of twelve sons = the eponymous ancestor of the twelve tribes of Israel, and Esau
       is the eponymous ancestor of Edom/the Edomites (Gen 25:30)
       ‘Eponym’—Greek eponymos A real or mythical person from whose name the
       name of a nation, institution, etc. is derived
       Jacobs Children according to Genesis 29:31–30:24 and 35:16–20
              Lea: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dina
              Bilhah (Rachel’s Maid): Dan and Naphtali
              Zilpah (Lea’s Maid): Gad and Asher
              Rachel: Joseph, and in Gen 35:16–20 Benjamin
      Primogeniture: Theological foundation (Exod 13:11–16); inalienable right of the
       first-born (Deut 21:15–17); formalized by father’s testamentary blessing (Gen
       27:37–38 as “oral testament”); yet in Genesis: the transference of the birthright
       (Gen 25:29–34 versus Genesis 27)
      Inscrutability of Election/Chosenness: Esau as Simpleton and Jacob the

3. Patriarchal Religion
      The religion of the Book is not the religion in the Book
      As Israel's sociology changed over time, so did its religion

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