AS 4425-1996 Above ground burial structures by SAIGlobalAPAC

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                                                                                                 Australian Standard®


                                                                Above-ground burial structures
                                                                                                                        AS 4425—1996
                                                                                           This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee BD/71, Cemetery
                                                                                           Monuments. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on
                                                                                           16 August 1996 and published on 5 November 1996.




                                                                                           The following interests are represented on Committee BD/71:
                                                                                              Australian Cemeteries and Crematoria Association
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                                                                                              Australian Monument Federation
                                                                                              New Zealand Master Monumental Masons Association
                                                                                              National Trust N.S.W.
                                                                                              Office of Australian War Graves
                                                                                              Society of Australian Genealogists




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                                                                                                      This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 95421.
                                                                                                                           AS 4425—1996




                                                                                           Australian Standard®
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                                                                                           Above-ground burial structures




                                                                                           PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
                                                                                           (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA)
                                                                                           1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
                                                                                                                                  ISBN 0 7337 0698 3
                                                                                           AS 4425 — 1996                                                     2




                                                                                                                                                       PREFACE

                                                                                                 This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
                                                                                                 Committee BD/71 on Cemetery Monuments with the objective of enabling cemetery
                                                                                                 authorities to specify minimum structural design criteria, performance, installation and
                                                                                                 renovation requirements for above-ground burial structures.
                                                                                                 This Standard is the result of a consensus among representatives on the Joint Committee
                                                                                                 that it be produced as an Australian Standard.
                                                                                                 In some states of Australia the practice of perpetual tenure is legislated. Consideration
                                                                                                 should be given to this during design. However, these structures should have a minimum
                                                                                                 service life of 50 years.
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                                                                                                                                                    3                                                              AS 4425 — 1996




                                                                                                                                            CONTENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Page

                                                                                           FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     4

                                                                                           SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
                                                                                             1.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      . ..     .   ..   ..   .. ...    .....     . ... .          5
                                                                                             1.2 APPLICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            ...      .   ..   ..   . .. ..   .. .. .   .. ...           5
                                                                                             1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . .                         ...      .   ..   ..   .....     .....     ... ..           5
                                                                                             1.4 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            ...      .   ..   ..   . .. ..   .. .. .   .. ...           6
                                                                                             1.5 CRYPT IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .. .     .   ..   ..   .....     .. ...    .. .. .          6

                                                                                           SECTION 2 MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
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                                                                                             2.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        8
                                                                                             2.2 CEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       8
                                                                                             2.3 NATURAL STONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              8
                                                                                             2.4 CONCRETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         8
                                                                                             2.5 MORTAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       8
                                                                                             2.6 MASONRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          8
                                                                                             2.7 REINFORCING STEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                8
                                                                                             2.8 STRUCTURAL STEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 8
                                                                                             2.9 GROUTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         8
                                                                                             2.10 FLEXIBLE COMPOUND BONDING AGENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                  8
                                                                                             2.11 LETTERING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         9
                                                                                             2.12 GUNMETAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          9

                                                                                           SECTION 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
                                                                                             3.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   ..   .   ...      .. .. .. .. ... .        ..    ..    .   10
                                                                                             3.2 DESIGN LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   ..   .   ...      .. ... .. .. .. .        . .   ..    .   10
                                                                                             3.3 INTERMENT SPACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .   ..   .   ...      ..... ... .. ..          ..    ..    .   10
                                                                                             3.4 BUILDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   ..   .   . ..     . .. .. .. ... ..        ..    . .   .   12
                                                                                             3.5 NATURAL STONE VENEER . . . . . . . . . .                     .   ..   .   ...      ....... .....            ..    ..    .   12
                                                                                             3.6 OTHER FINISHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   ..   .   ...      ... ... .. .. ..         ..    ..    .   12
                                                                                             3.7 POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   ..   .   ...      .. ... .. .. .. .        . .   ..    .   12




                                                                                                                                    First published as AS 4425— 1996.
                                                                                           AS 4425 — 1996                                  4




                                                                                                                                    FOREWORD

                                                                                                This Standard is intended to cover all possible structures in cemeteries not covered by
                                                                                                AS 4204, including those commonly known as mausoleums, vaults, family vaults,
                                                                                                underground vaults, crypts, garden crypts, tombs, lined graves and similar. Descriptions
                                                                                                may vary with location.
                                                                                                The term mausoleum was considered as a word which could cover all of these structures.
                                                                                                However, it calls to mind a large imposing structure. Mausolus was a ruler of Caria. On
                                                                                                his death his spouse Artimesia built a large colonnaded edifice at Halicarnassus for his
                                                                                                burial (circa 350 BCE). It was 50 m high and was surmounted by a truncated pyramid
                                                                                                supporting a four horse chariot. It was regarded in classical times as one of the Seven
                                                                                                Wonders of the World. Another structure referred to as a mausoleum is the Taj Mahal.
                                                                                                It should be noted that cemeteries operate under state law and there may be specific
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                                                                                                requirements for entombment of human remains which affect the design, construction and
                                                                                                use of structures built in different states.
                                                                                                                                           5                                  AS 4425 — 1996




                                                                                                                          STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

                                                                                                                              Australian Standard
                                                                                                                       Above-ground burial structures

                                                                                                     S E C T I O N        1     S CO P E           A N D   G E NE R A L

                                                                                           1.1 SCOPE This Standard specifies some minimum requirements for the design
                                                                                           (structural and functional) and construction of above-ground burial structures which cater
                                                                                           for entombment of human remains. Such a structure may contain any number of crypt
                                                                                           spaces, some of which may be below ground level. It does not set out to preclude artistic
                                                                                           endeavour, providing this falls within the parameters of this Standard.
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                                                                                           1.2 APPLICATION This Standard is intended for use by planning authorities,
                                                                                           cemetery authorities, monumental masons and all personnel concerned with the design,
                                                                                           construction and general requirements of structures which contain crypt spaces.

                                                                                           1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this
                                                                                           Standard:
                                                                                           AS
                                                                                           1163     Structural steel hollow sections
                                                                                           1170     Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code)
                                                                                           1170.1   Part 1: Dead and live loads and load combinations
                                                                                           1170.2   Part 2: Wind loads
                                                                                           1170.3   Part 3: Snow loads
                                                                                           1170.4   Part 4: Earthquake loads
                                                                                           1302     Steel reinforcing bars for concrete
                                                                                           1303     Steel reinforcing wire for concrete
                                                                                           1304     Welded wire reinforcing fabric for concrete
                                                                                           1379     The specification and manufacture of concrete
                                                                                           2738     Copper and copper alloys —Compositions and designations
                                                                                           2738.3   Part 3: Cast products
                                                                                           3000     Electrical installations— Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA
                                                                                                    Wiring Rules)
                                                                                           3600     Concrete structures
                                                                                           3678     Structural steel — Hot-rolled plates, floor plates and slabs
                                                                                           3679     Structural steel
                                                                                           3679.1   Part 1: Hot-rolled bars and sections
                                                                                           3679.2   Part 2: Welded sections
                                                                                           3700     Masonry in buildings (known as the SAA Masonry Code)
                                                                                           3972     Portland and blended cements
                                                                                           4100     Steel structures
                                                                                           4204     Headstones and cemetery monuments



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                                                                                                             AS 4425-1996, Above ground burial structures
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