Renewable Fuels for Alternative Energy by L2B303147


									Renewable Fuels for Alternative Energy

The Germans have really taken off when it comes to renewable fuel
sources, and have become one of the major players in the alternative
energy game. Under the aegis of the nation's electricity feed laws, the
German people set a world record in 2006 by investing over $10 billion
(US) in research, development, and implementation of wind turbines,
biogas power plants, and solar collection cells. Germany's “feed laws”
permit the German homeowners to connect to an electrical grid through
some source of renewable energy and then sell back to the power company
any excess energy produced at retail prices. This economic incentive has
catapulted Germany into the number-one position among all nations with
regards to the number of operational solar arrays, biogas plants, and
wind turbines. The 50-terawatt hours of electricity produced by these
renewable energy sources account for 10% of all of Germany's energy
production per year. In 2006 alone, Germany installed 100,000 solar
energy collection systems.

Over in the US, the BP corporation has established an Energy Biosciences
Institute (EBI) to spearhead extensive new research and development
efforts into clean burning renewable energy sources, most prominently
biofuels for ground vehicles. BP's investment comes to $50 million (US)
per year over the course of the next decade. This EBI will be physically
located at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. The University is
in partnership with BP, and it will be responsible for research and
development of new biofuel crops, biofuel-delivering agricultural
systems, and machines to produce renewable fuels in liquid form for
automobile consumption. The University will especially spearhead efforts
in the field of genetic engineering with regard to creating the more
advanced biofuel crops. The EBI will additionally have as a major focal
point technological innovations for converting heavy hydrocarbons into
pollution-free and highly efficient fuels.

Also in the US, the battle rages on between Congress and the Geothermal
Energy Association (GEA). The GEA's Executive Director Karl Gawell has
recently written to the Congress and the Department of Energy, the only
way to ensure that DOE and OMB do not simply revert to their irrational
insistence on terminating the geothermal research program is to schedule
a congressional hearing specifically on geothermal energy, its potential,
and the role of federal research. Furthermore, Gawell goes on to say that
recent studies by the National Research Council, the Western Governors'
Association Clean Energy Task Force and the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology all support expanding geothermal research funding to develop
the technology necessary to utilize this vast, untapped domestic
renewable energy resource. Supporters of geothermal energy, such as this
writer, are amazed at the minuscule amount of awareness that the public
has about the huge benefits that research and development of the
renewable alternative energy source would provide the US, both
practically and economically. Geothermal energy is already less expensive
to produce in terms of kilowatt-hours than the coal that the US keeps
mining. Geothermal energy is readily available, sitting just a few miles
below our feet and easily accessible through drilling. One company,
Ormat, which is the third largest geothermal energy producer in the US
and has plants in several different nations, is already a billion-dollar-
per-year business—geothermal energy is certainly economically viable.

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