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									STATISTICS ON MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES, 2011
ISSN 1793-0081




© Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade & Industry, Republic of Singapore




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                             Chief Statistician
                             Department of Statistics
                             Ministry of Trade & Industry
                             100 High Street #05-01
                             The Treasury
                             Singapore 179434
                             Republic of Singapore




      Statistical activities conducted by the Singapore Department of Statistics are
      governed by the provisions of the Statistics Act (Cap. 317). The Act
      guarantees the confidentiality of information collected from individuals and
      companies. It spells out the legislative authority and responsibility of the
      Chief Statistician. The Act is available in the Department‟s Website
      (www.singstat.gov.sg).
                                     PREFACE


          The Singapore Department of Statistics initiated the collection of
divorce statistics in 1981 and of educational qualification of marriage partners in
1984. The marriage and divorce statistics provide important inputs for formulating
population and related policies.



             This report, Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011, is the
twenty-eighth in a regular series of publications. It is presented in two parts.
Part 1 analyses the marriage trends and characteristics of grooms and brides.
Part 2 highlights the nature of divorces and characteristics of divorcees. Relevant
statistical tables and charts are included.



           I would like to thank the Ministry of Community Development, Youth
and Sports, Registry of Marriages, Registry of Muslim Marriages, the Syariah
Court, the Family Court and the High Court for providing the data on marriages
and divorces. I am also grateful to all others who have contributed towards this
publication.




Wong Wee Kim
Chief Statistician
Singapore



July 2012




Singapore Department of Statistics             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► i
                                        Our Vision
         A National Statistical System of Quality, Integrity and Expertise.


                                       Our Mission
                 We Provide Reliable, Relevant and Timely Statistics
             to Support Singapore’s Social and Economic Development.


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             & Expertise            proficiently produce quality statistics that
                                    comply with international concepts and
                                    best practices.

                Relevance           We constantly innovate our processes and
                                    produce statistics that meet users’ needs.

             Accessibility          We make our statistics readily available.

          Confidentiality           We protect the confidentiality of
                                    information provided to us.

               Timeliness           We produce statistics that users can
              & Reliability         depend on and disseminate them at the
                                    earliest possible date while maintaining
                                    data quality.

                     Cost           We use resources effectively, minimising
            Effectiveness           respondent burden and leveraging on
                                    administrative data.




ii ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                  Singapore Department of Statistics
                                                 CONTENTS
                                                                                                                         Page
      Preface ................................................................................................................i

      Contents ........................................................................................................... iii

      List of Tables.................................................................................................... iv

      Key Indicators on Marriages and Divorces, 2006 – 2011.............................. xi

      Part 1 Marriage Trends
             Number of Marriages Registered .......................................................... 3
             General Marriage Rate .......................................................................... 4
             Age-Specific Marriage Rate .................................................................. 4
             Marriages by Marriage Order ................................................................ 5
             Median Age at Marriage ........................................................................ 6
             Age Differential at First Marriage ........................................................... 6
             Median Age at First Marriage by Educational Qualification ................... 7
             Inter-ethnic Marriages ........................................................................... 8
             Educational Qualification ....................................................................... 9
             Marriages of Minors ............................................................................ 10

      Part 2 Divorce and Annulment Trends
             Number of Marital Dissolutions ........................................................... 13
             General Divorce Rate .......................................................................... 14
             Age-Specific Divorce Rate .................................................................. 14
             Age at Divorce..................................................................................... 15
             Median Duration of Marriage ............................................................... 16
             Main Reasons for Divorce and Plaintiff ............................................... 17
             Annulment of Marriages under the Women‟s Charter ......................... 19

      Tables on Marriages ...................................................................................... 21

      Tables on Divorces and Annulments ........................................................... 63

      Source and Data Coverage ......................................................................... 107

      Glossary ....................................................................................................... 109




Singapore Department of Statistics                                    Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► iii
                                         LIST OF TABLES
Table                                                                                                             Page

          Total Marriages
A1.1      Total Marriages, 1980 – 2011 ...................................................................... 23
A1.2      Age-Sex Specific Marriage Rate, 1980 – 2011 ............................................ 24
A1.3      Total Marriages by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2001 – 2011 ........... 26
A1.4      Total Marriages by Age Differential at Marriage of Grooms to Brides
          and Marriage Order, 2009 – 2011 ............................................................... 27
A1.5      Median Age of Grooms and Brides by Marriage Order, 2001 – 2011 .......... 28
A1.6      Median Age of Grooms by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 ............................... 29
A1.7      Median Age of Brides by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 .................................. 29

          Marriages under the Women’s Charter
A1.8      Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
          1965 – 2011................................................................................................. 30
A1.9      Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Grooms,
          1965 – 2011................................................................................................. 31
A1.10     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Brides,
          1965 – 2011................................................................................................. 32
A1.11     Median Age of Grooms and Brides Married under the
          Women‟s Charter by Marriage Order, 1965 – 2011 ..................................... 33
A1.12     Median Age of Grooms Married under the Women‟s Charter
          by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 ..................................................................... 34
A1.13     Median Age of Brides Married under the Women‟s Charter
          by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 ..................................................................... 34
A1.14     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
          January – December 2011 .......................................................................... 35
A1.15     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status
          and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 .............................................................. 35
A1.16     Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group
          of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ........................................................................ 36
A1.17     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Grooms
          and Brides, 2011 ......................................................................................... 36
A1.18     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
          Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 .................................................. 37
A1.19     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
          Previous Marital Status of Grooms, 2011 .................................................... 38
A1.20     Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
          Previous Marital Status of Brides, 2011 ....................................................... 38
A1.21     First Marriages for Grooms under the Women‟s Charter by
          Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 39




iv ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                    Singapore Department of Statistics
                                LIST OF TABLES (cont’d)
Table                                                                                                       Page

A1.22 First Marriages for Brides under the Women‟s Charter by
      Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 39
A1.23 First Marriages for Couples under the Women‟s Charter by
      Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 40
A1.24 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Occupation of Grooms
      and Brides, 2011 ......................................................................................... 40
A1.25 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
      Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 41
A1.26 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
      Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ............................... 42
A1.27 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Educational Qualification
      of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ........................................................................ 43
A1.28 First Marriages for Couples under the Women‟s Charter by
      Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ............................... 43
A1.29 Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Educational
      Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ................................................... 44
A1.30 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Religion of Grooms
      and Brides, 2011 ......................................................................................... 44
A1.31 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple
      and Place of Marriage / Marriage Solemnizer, 2011 .................................... 45
A1.32 Resident Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group
      of Couple, 2001 – 2011 ............................................................................... 45
A1.33 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
      Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms and Brides, 2011 ................ 46

          Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act
A1.34 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Couple, 1965 – 2011 ......................................................... 47
A1.35 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group of Grooms, 1965 – 2011............................................................ 48
A1.36 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group of Brides, 1965 – 2011 .............................................................. 49
A1.37 Median Age of Grooms and Brides Married under the Administration
      of Muslim Law Act by Marriage Order, 1965 – 2011.................................... 50
A1.38 Median Age of Grooms Married under the Administration of
      Muslim Law Act by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 ........................................... 51
A1.39 Median Age of Brides Married under the Administration of
      Muslim Law Act by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011 ........................................... 51
A1.40 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Couple, January – December 2011 ................................... 52


Singapore Department of Statistics                              Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► v
                               LIST OF TABLES (cont’d)
Table                                                                                                     Page

A1.41 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Previous
      Marital Status and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011........................................ 52
A1.42 Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 .................................................. 53
A1.43 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 53
A1.44 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group and Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ......................... 54
A1.45 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group and Previous Marital Status of Grooms, 2011 ........................... 55
A1.46 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group and Previous Marital Status of Brides, 2011 ............................. 55
A1.47 First Marriages for Grooms under the Administration of Muslim
      Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ................................... 56
A1.48 First Marriages for Brides under the Administration of Muslim
      Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ................................... 56
A1.49 First Marriages for Couples under the Administration of Muslim
      Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ................................... 57
A1.50 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ..................................................... 57
A1.51 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
      and Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011 .............................................. 58
A1.52 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
      and Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ........................ 59
A1.53 Marriages under Administration of Muslim Law Act Law by
      Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011 ............................... 60
A1.54 Resident Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Couple, 2001 – 2011 ......................................................... 60
A1.55 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
      and Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms and Brides, 2011 ......... 61

          Total Divorces
A2.1      Total Divorces, 1980 – 2011 ........................................................................ 65
A2.2      Age-Sex Specific Divorce Rate, 1980 – 2011 .............................................. 66
A2.3      Total Divorces by Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 .............. 68
A2.4      Total Divorces by Duration of Marriage, 1980 – 2011 ................................. 70




vi ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                              Singapore Department of Statistics
                                 LIST OF TABLES (cont’d)
Table                                                                                                             Page

          Divorces under the Women’s Charter
A2.5      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and Sex of
          Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 ............................................................................... 71
A2.6      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
          1980 – 2011................................................................................................. 73
A2.7      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
          1980 – 2011................................................................................................. 74
A2.8      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
          January – December 2011 .......................................................................... 75
A2.9      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status
          and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 .............................................................. 75
A2.10     Inter-ethnic Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group
          of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 .......................................................... 76
A2.11     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Male and
          Female Divorcees, 2011 .............................................................................. 76
A2.12     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group, Ethnic Group
          and Sex of Divorcees, 2011......................................................................... 77
A2.13     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group,
          Previous Marital Status and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................... 78
A2.14     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age at Marriage of
          Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 .............................................................. 79
A2.15     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age at Marriage,
          Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................................... 79
A2.16     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage and
          Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 ..................................................................... 80
A2.17     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage and
          Number of Dependent Children, 2011 ......................................................... 80
A2.18     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
          Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ...................................................... 81
A2.19     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by (A) Duration of Marriage;
          (B) Plaintiff; and Main Reason for Divorce, 2011 ......................................... 82
A2.20     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Main Reason for Divorce
          and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 .............................................................. 82
A2.21     Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Main Reason for Divorce,
          Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ...................................................... 83




Singapore Department of Statistics                                Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► vii
                               LIST OF TABLES (cont’d)
Table                                                                                              Page

          Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act
A2.22 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 .......................................... 84
A2.23 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Duration of Marriage, 1980 – 2011 .............................................................. 86
A2.24 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Couple, 1980 – 2011 ......................................................... 87
A2.25 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Couple, January – December 2011 ................................... 88
A2.26 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Previous Marital Status and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 ......................... 88
A2.27 Inter-ethnic Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
      Ethnic Group of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 .................................... 89
A2.28 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
      of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 .......................................................... 89
A2.29 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group,
      Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................................... 90
A2.30 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group,
      Previous Marital Status and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................... 91
A2.31 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group,
      Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ..................................................... 92
A2.32 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Occupation
      of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 .......................................................... 93
A2.33 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age at
      Marriage of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011 ........................................... 93
A2.34 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age at
      Marriage, Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................... 94
A2.35 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Duration
      of Marriage and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 ........................................... 95
A2.36 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Duration
      of Marriage and Number of Dependent Children, 2011 ............................... 95
A2.37 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Duration
      of Marriage, Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................. 96
A2.38 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Duration
      of Marriage, Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 .................................. 97
A2.39 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by (A) Duration
      of Marriage; (B) Plaintiff; and Main Reason for Divorce, 2011 ..................... 98




viii ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                       Singapore Department of Statistics
                                 LIST OF TABLES (cont’d)
Table                                                                                                        Page

A2.40 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Main Reason
      for Divorce and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011 ............................................ 98
A2.41 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Main Reason
      for Divorce, Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................... 99
A2.42 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Main Reason
      for Divorce, Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011 ................................ 100

          Annulments under the Women’s Charter
A2.43 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and Sex,
      1980 – 2011............................................................................................... 101
A2.44 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
      1980 – 2011............................................................................................... 103
A2.45 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of
      Couple, 1980 – 2011 ................................................................................. 104
A2.46 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of
      Couple, January – December 2011 ........................................................... 105
A2.47 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of
      Husbands and Wives, 2011 ....................................................................... 105
A2.48 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
      Age Group and Sex, 2011 ......................................................................... 106
A2.49 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status
      of Husbands and Wives, 2011 ................................................................... 106



Notation
- nil or not applicable




Singapore Department of Statistics                              Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► ix
       KEY INDICATORS ON MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES, 2006 – 2011

 Total Marriages & Divorces                                  2006        2007       2008       2009       2010        2011

Number of Marriages                                 23,706               23,966    24,596     26,081      24,363     27,258
Number of Divorces & Annulments                      6,904                7,110     7,134      7,280       7,338      7,604
General Marriage Rate
  Males (Per 1,000 unmarried resident males           44.1                 43.8       43.9       43.6       39.4        43.7
        aged 15-44 years)
  Females (Per 1,000 unmarried resident females       42.7                 42.6       41.9       41.1       37.2        41.4
        aged 15-44 years)
General Divorce Rate
  Males (Per 1,000 married resident males               7.7                  7.7       7.5        7.5         7.5        7.6
        aged 20 years & over)
  Females (Per 1,000 married resident females           7.4                  7.4       7.3        7.1         7.2        7.2
        aged 20 years & over)
Crude Marriage Rate (Per 1,000 resident population)     6.5                  6.4       6.5        6.6         6.1        6.7
Crude Divorce Rate (Per 1,000 resident population)      1.9                  2.0       1.9        1.9         1.9        2.0
Median Age at First Marriage (Years)
  Grooms                                              29.7                 29.8       29.8       29.8       30.0        30.1
  Brides                                              27.0                 27.2       27.3       27.5       27.7        28.0
Median Age at Divorce (Years)
  Male Divorcees                                      39.6                 39.8       39.9       40.5       41.0        41.3
  Females Divorcees                                   35.7                 36.1       36.3       36.9       37.4        37.7
Median Duration of Marriage for Divorces (Years)        9.6                 9.6        9.9       10.1       10.6        10.5

                                                                                                  Administration of
                                                                 Women’s Charter
                                                                                                   Muslim Law Act
 Marriages                                                   2009        2010       2011       2009     2010     2011

Number of Marriages                                         22,060       20,230    22,840       4,021      4,133      4,418
Inter-ethnic Marriages (% of total marriages)                 15.7         17.5      17.4        32.8       33.3       32.2
First Marriages (% of total marriages)                        76.0         75.4      75.9        65.6       66.5       67.4
Median Age at First Marriage (Years)
   Grooms                                                      30.2        30.4       30.6       27.8       28.1        28.1
   Brides                                                      27.7        28.0       28.3       25.7       25.8        26.0
Marriages of Minors
   Grooms below 21 Years (% of total grooms)                    0.6          0.6       0.5        2.3         1.6        1.7
   Brides below 21 Years (% of total brides)                    2.5          2.3       1.9        6.9         6.6        5.5


Divorces & Annulments

Number of Divorces                                            5,416       5,433     5,696       1,511      1,536      1,538
Number of Annulments                                            353         369       370           -          -          -
Inter-ethnic Divorces (% of total divorces)                      9.1       10.1      10.6        23.9       24.0       22.4
Median Age at Divorce (Years)
   Male Divorcees                                              40.9        41.5       41.6       38.6       38.9        39.5
   Female Divorcees                                            37.2        37.7       37.9       35.5       35.8        36.5
Median Duration of Marriage for Divorces (Years)               10.5        11.0       11.1        8.5        9.0         8.4
Female Plaintiffs (% of total divorces)                        64.2        64.5       64.7       69.6       69.2        69.5

Note: Data on divorces for 1994-2010 and data on annulments for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new
      information from administrative data sources.




  Singapore Department of Statistics                                   Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► xi
     Part 1
Marriage Trends




                  ► 1
PART 1               MARRIAGE TRENDS

Number of Marriages Registered

           The total number of marriages (comprising both civil and Muslim
                1
marriages ) registered in 2011 was 27,2582 (Chart 1.1). This was 12 per cent higher
than the 24,3633 marriages registered in 2010. The number of civil marriages rose
from 20,230 in 2010 to 22,840 in 2011. Similarly, Muslim marriages increased from
4,133 to 4,418 over the same period.

                                        Chart 1.1       Marriages Registered
    ('000)                                                                                                   Per 1,000
                                                                                                             Residents

30                                                                                                                   9

                                                                                                                     8
25
                                                                                                                     7

20                                                                                                                   6

                                                                                                                     5
15
                                                                                                                     4

10                                                                                                                   3

                                                                                                                     2
    5
                                                                                                                     1

    0                                                                                                                0
        1990     1992      1994     1996      1998      2000      2002      2004      2006      2008     2010 2011

                Women's Charter                   Administration of Muslim                   Crude Marriage Rate
                                                  Law Act




1
    Civil marriages refer to marriages registered under the Women‟s Charter while Muslim marriages refer to marriages
    registered under the Administration of Muslim Law Act.
2
    Exclude six civil marriages which were contracted overseas or under religious & customary rites and were subsequently
    registered in Singapore in 2011. They were also excluded from the subsequent analysis.
3
    Exclude two civil marriages which were contracted under religious & customary rites and were subsequently registered in
    Singapore in 2010. They were also excluded from the subsequent analysis.

Singapore Department of Statistics                                    Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 3
General Marriage Rate

           In tandem with the rebound in number of registered marriages, the
general marriage rates increased in 2011 (Chart 1.2). Among unmarried male
residents, the general marriage rate increased from 39.4 marriages per thousand
unmarried males in 2010 to 43.7 in 2011. Among unmarried female residents, the
rate increased from 37.2 to 41.4 marriages per thousand unmarried females during
the same period. Nevertheless, the 2011 general marriage rates were lower
compared to 2001 (47.0 for males and 46.3 for females).

                                 Chart 1.2       General Marriage Rate
 Per 1,000 Unmarried Residents
 Aged 15-44 Years

  70
       60.9
                       Female
  60
       52.6
                                                             47.0
  50                   Male
                                                                                                              43.7
                                                            46.3                                       39.4
  40
                                                                                                              41.4
                                                                                                       37.2
  30


  20
       1990    1992    1994      1996    1998        2000        2002    2004       2006     2008     2010 2011



Age-Specific Marriage Rate

          Compared to 2001, marriage rates fell across the younger age groups
below 30 years in 2011 (Chart 1.3). The peak age group for men marrying shifted
from 25-29 years in 1991 to 30-34 years in 2001 and 2011. The peak age group for
women marrying remained at 25-29 years in 2011.

                            Chart 1.3    Age-Sex Specific Marriage Rate
 Per 1,000                                                  Per 1,000
 Unmarried Resident Males                                   Unmarried Resident Females
150                                          1991       150                                              1991
                                             2001                                                        2001
                                             2011                                                        2011

100                                                     100




  50                                                        50




   0                                                         0
   15 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44           15 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44
                  Age Group (Years)                                         Age Group (Years)

4 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                  Singapore Department of Statistics
Marriages by Marriage Order

           In 2011, 75 per cent of total marriages were first marriages for the couple
(i.e. where neither party had previously been married) (Table 1.1). A further 18 per
cent were remarriages for one of the partners. The remaining 7.7 per cent were
remarriages for both partners. Compared to 2001, remarriages comprised a higher
proportion of total marriages in 2011.

           Muslim marriages had a higher proportion of remarriages than civil
marriages. In 2011, 33 per cent of Muslim marriages were remarriages for at least
one of the partners, compared to the 24 per cent of civil marriages.

                        Table 1.1      Marriages by Marriage Order of Couple

                                                                                       Administration of
                                              Total            Women‟s Charter
 Marriage Order of Couple                                                              Muslim Law Act
                                      2001            2011     2001    2011            2001        2011
                                                                  Number
 Total                               22,280       27,258      18,279      22,840       4,001        4,418
 First marriage, both partners       17,895       20,315      15,201      17,338       2,694        2,977
 Remarriage, one partner              3,197        4,849       2,463       4,067         734          782
 Remarriage, both partners            1,188        2,094         615       1,435         573          659
                                                                   Per Cent
 Total                                100.0           100.0    100.0       100.0       100.0        100.0
 First marriage, both partners         80.3            74.5     83.2        75.9        67.3         67.4
 Remarriage, one partner               14.3            17.8     13.5        17.8        18.3         17.7
 Remarriage, both partners              5.3             7.7      3.4         6.3        14.3         14.9
 Note: Data may not add up to total due to rounding.


           In 2011, more grooms were remarrying than brides (Table 1.2).
For grooms, 18 per cent were remarrying (1.1 per cent were widowed prior to getting
remarried, and 17 per cent were divorced). For brides, it was 15 per cent
(0.8 per cent were widowed before getting remarried, and 14 per cent were divorced).

            Table 1.2      Marriages by Previous Marital Status of Grooms and Brides
                                                                                                   Per Cent
                                                                                       Administration of
                                             Total             Women‟s Charter
 Previous Marital Status                                                               Muslim Law Act
                                      2001            2011     2001        2011        2001        2011
 Grooms                              100.0            100.0    100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
   Single                             86.6             81.7     88.8        82.8        76.5        75.8
   Divorced                           12.1             17.1     10.3        16.2        20.2        21.9
   Widowed                             1.2              1.1      0.9         1.0         2.7         1.9
   Married                             0.1              0.1        -           -         0.6         0.4
 Brides                              100.0            100.0    100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0
   Single                             88.4             85.1     91.0        86.8        76.5        76.6
   Divorced                           10.7             14.0      8.5        12.5        21.2        21.9
   Widowed                             0.9              0.8      0.6         0.7         2.3         1.5
 Note: Data may not add up to total due to rounding.


Singapore Department of Statistics                            Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 5
Median Age at Marriage

            Men and women are marrying later in life. For men, the median age at first
marriage rose from 28.8 years in 2001 to 30.1 years in 2011 (Chart 1.4). For women,
it rose from 26.2 years to 28.0 years.

           The median age at remarriage also rose. The median age of grooms who
were remarrying rose from 40.1 years in 2001 to 41.8 years in 2011. For brides,
it increased from 34.2 years to 36.5 years.

                                       Chart 1.4       Median Age at Marriage
  Age (Years)
  45
                                                                                                              41.8
                                                             40.1
  40      38.0   Grooms, Remarriage
                                                                                                              36.5
                                                             34.2
  35             Brides, Remarriage
          32.6
                                                                                                              30.1
                                                             28.8
  30      28.0   Grooms, First Marriage                                                                       28.0
                                                                 26.2
          25.3
  25
                  Brides, First Marriage

  20
       1990      1992      1994        1996     1998      2000      2002      2004        2006   2008    2010 2011



Age Differential at First Marriage

          Among first marriages for couples in 2011, 68 per cent of grooms married
younger brides (Chart 1.5). This was lower than the 73 per cent in 2001.

           In 2011, 36 per cent of couples in their first marriage involved grooms and
brides of the same age or aged one year apart, higher than the 31 per cent in 2001.
The proportion of couples with at least 5 years of age difference was 27 per cent in
2011, lower than the 31 per cent recorded a decade ago.

                        Chart 1.5          Age Differential at First Marriage for Couples
                                  Per Cent
                                  16
                                  14
                                  12
                                  10               2001

                                   8
       Groom Younger                          2011                      Groom Older
       than Bride                  6                                    than Bride
                                   4
                                   2
                                   0
    -10             -5                 0             5            10                 15           20            25
                                                Age Difference (Years)

6 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                        Singapore Department of Statistics
Median Age at First Marriage by Educational Qualification

           Compared to 2001, the median age at first marriage in 2011 was higher
among grooms and brides of all educational groups, except for Muslim grooms with
university qualifications (Chart 1.6). In 2011, the median age at first marriage was
the highest for grooms with primary or lower education in civil and Muslim marriages
at 44.9 years and 31.8 years respectively. In contrast, the median age at first
marriage for both brides in civil and Muslim marriages was the highest for those with
university qualifications at 28.8 years and 27.4 years respectively.

               Chart 1.6          Median Age at First Marriage by Educational Qualification
                                                            Total
                            Grooms                                                         Brides
                                                    Years                                                         Years
             42.2



      30.5                 30.3           29.2 29.2 30.5                                                             28.7
                    28.2          28.1                                       27.3          26.6          26.9 27.2
                                                                      25.4          25.2          25.9




      Primary or Secondary    Post    University                       Primary or   Secondary        Post    University
        Lower              Secondary*                                    Lower                    Secondary*


                                                   Women's Charter
                            Grooms                                                         Brides
                                                    Years                                                         Years
             44.9




      30.8                 31.1           29.9 29.2 30.6
                    29.0           28.1                                      27.8                        27.4 27.2 28.8
                                                                      26.0          25.8 27.2     26.0




      Primary or Secondary    Post    University                      Primary or Secondary    Post    University
        Lower              Secondary*                                   Lower              Secondary*

                                           Administration of Muslim Law Act
                            Grooms                                                         Brides
                                                    Years                                                         Years
             31.8
     28.7                                       29.4 29.0
                    26.9 27.9     27.7 27.9                                                                    26.7 27.4
                                                                             25.6
                                                                                    23.8 24.7     25.2 25.9
                                                                      22.7



      Primary or    Secondary        Post    University                Primary or   Secondary        Post    University
        Lower                     Secondary*                             Lower                    Secondary*


                                                      2001            2011
 * Post secondary comprises upper secondary and polytechnic.


Singapore Department of Statistics                                  Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 7
   Inter-ethnic Marriages

             In 2011, 20 per cent of total marriages were inter-ethnic marriages,
   up from 13 per cent in 2001 (Chart 1.7). A higher proportion was inter-ethnic
   marriages among Muslim marriages (32 per cent) than among civil marriages
   (17 per cent).

                                 Chart 1.7        Proportion of Inter-ethnic Marriages
     Per Cent
      40
                                                                                 Administration of Muslim Law Act
                                                                                                                            32.2
      30

                                                                      21.4                                          Total   19.8
      20    16.5
                                                                      12.6
                                                                                                                            17.4
      10    7.6                                                                                      Women's Charter
                                                                      10.7
            5.5
       0
           1990      1992       1994      1996      1998       2000      2002           2004      2006     2008        2010 2011



             Of the 3,967 inter-ethnic civil marriages registered in 2011, half were
   contracted between Chinese grooms and brides of “Others” ethnic group
   (Table 1.3). Inter-ethnic Muslim marriages were mainly among Malay grooms or
   Malay brides with their spouses of “Others” ethnic group, which accounted for 24 per
   cent and 22 per cent respectively of the 1,421 inter-ethnic Muslim marriages in 2011.

           Table 1.3         Inter-ethnic Marriages by Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011

                     Women‟s Charter                                                Administration of Muslim Law Act
  Ethnic Group of           Ethnic Group of                              Ethnic Group of            Ethnic Group of
                                                  Per Cent                                                                  Per Cent
      Groom                      Bride                                       Groom                       Bride

   Chinese                       “Others”           50.2                     Malays                       “Others”            23.6



 Caucasians                      Chinese            11.6                     “Others”                     Malays              21.8



 Caucasians                      “Others”             6.7                    Indians                      Malays              13.9



   “Others”                      Chinese              6.5                    Malays                       Indians              9.5



    Indians                      “Others”             4.9                    Malays                       Chinese              7.0


Note: “Others” refers to all ethnic groups excluding Chinese, Indians, Eurasians, Caucasians and Malays.


   8 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                              Singapore Department of Statistics
Educational Qualification

            Over the past decade, there was a significant increase in the proportion of
grooms with primary or lower education marrying brides with at least secondary
qualification. Between 2001 and 2011, the proportion increased from 47 per cent for
grooms in civil marriages and 45 per cent for grooms in Muslim marriages to 71 per
cent and 64 per cent respectively (Chart 1.8).

           The proportion of university educated grooms marrying brides with the
same qualification also rose in the last decade. The proportion increased from 69 per
cent to 78 per cent for grooms in civil marriages, and from 39 per cent to 58 per cent
for grooms in Muslim marriages.
                                                                               21
                                           35                                                33
                                                   39
 47       Among graduate brides, the proportion marrying graduate grooms was
                                                                       to
75 per cent in 2011 for civil marriages, relatively unchanged compared 69 2001 78
         71
                                                  47
(76 per cent) (Chart 1.9). For Muslim marriages, the proportion dropped from
                           41                            46
                                     same period.
44 per cent to 40 per cent over the 53
 53
                                                                    32
                  29   Chart 1.8     Marriages by Educational Qualification of Grooms and
                                       24                                   21
                                                                                                                   31
                                                                                                                              22
                                         Educational Differential of Brides
                                                 8
2001          2011                     2001       2011                       2001           2011                 2001        2011

 Bride with Lower Qualif ication than Groom            Same Qualif ication          Bride with Higher Qualif ication than Groom
                           Women's Charter                                      Administration of Muslim Law Act
       Per Cent                                                     Per Cent

                                      21                                               21            15   14
                         35   39            33                                              31                   39
        47                                                           45
                                                                          64                                            58
             71                                   69                                                 42
                                                         78
                                      47                                                                  65
                                                                                       55
                         41                 46
                              53                                                            59
        53                                                           55                                          61
                                                                          36                         43                 42
             29                       32          31
                         24                 21           22                            24                 20
                              8                                                             10
       2001 2011        2001 2011    2001 2011   2001 2011          2001 2011         2001 2011     2001 2011    2001 2011
       Primary or      Secondary       Post      University         Primary or       Secondary        Post      University
         Lower                      Secondary*                        Lower                        Secondary*
              Educational Qualification of Groom                             Educational Qualification of Groom
      * Post secondary comprises upper secondary and polytechnic.
      Note: Data may not add up to total due to rounding.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                     Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 9
               65
                                                                                                                              76          75
                                                                                    42
                                          37                                                       51
                                                        48
 60

               35                                                     33
                      Chart 1.9                                               of
                                      Marriages by Educational Qualification 19 Brides and
                                       28                                                                                     24          25
                                                 13
                                          Educational Differential of Grooms
2001          2011                    2001             2011                        2001           2011                       2001        2011

 Groom with Lower Qualif ication than Bride                  Same Qualif ication          Groom with Higher Qualif ication than Bride
                         Women's Charter                                               Administration of Muslim Law Act
       Per Cent                                                          Per Cent
                                                                                             15            13   7
                                     26    30
        40             35   39                                                                    35                                40
                                                                             45                                              44
                                                                                                           29
              65                                                                  65
                                                       76     75
                                     42                                                      62                 75
                       37                  51
                            48                                                                    56
        60                                                                   55                            58                56     60
              35       28            33                                           35
                                           19          24     25                             24                 18
                            13                                                                     9
        2001 2011     2001 2011     2001 2011          2001 2011          2001 2011         2001 2011     2001 2011         2001 2011
       Primary or    Secondary       Post           University           Primary or        Secondary        Post            University
         Lower                    Secondary*                               Lower                         Secondary*
               Educational Qualification of Bride                                   Educational Qualification of Bride
       * Post secondary comprises upper secondary and polytechnic.
       Note: Data may not add up to total due to rounding.




 Marriages of Minors

             The number of marriages involving one teenage partner remained
 relatively low among civil marriages. In 2011, 0.5 per cent of grooms and 1.9 per
 cent of brides marrying under the Women‟s Charter were below 21 years of age
 (Table 1.4). The corresponding proportions for Muslims were higher, at 1.7 per cent
 and 5.5 per cent respectively. The proportions, however, had declined from 4.0 per
 cent and 15 per cent of Muslim grooms and brides respectively in 2001.

                                               Table 1.4           Marriages of Minors
                                                  Women‟s Charter                    Administration of Muslim Law Act
             Age (Years)
                                                2001         2011                        2001              2011
                                                                                  Grooms
             Total (Number)                      153                  111                     159                     73
             17 & below                           12                    7                      18                      -
             18 – 20                             141                  104                     141                     73

             % of Total Grooms                   0.8                   0.5                     4.0                    1.7
                                                                                  Brides
             Total (Number)                      666                  430                     591                     245
             17 & below                           54                   27                     130                      21
             18 – 20                             612                  403                     461                     224

             % of Total Brides                   3.6                   1.9                    14.8                    5.5




 10 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                                  Singapore Department of Statistics
        Part 2
Divorce and Annulment
        Trends




                        ► 11
PART 2           DIVORCE AND ANNULMENT TRENDS

Number of Marital Dissolutions

         Marital dissolutions, which comprised divorces and annulments,
numbered 7,604 in 2011 (Chart 2.1). This was higher than the 7,338 divorces and
annulments in 2010.

           The crude rate of divorce rose slightly to 2.0 divorces per thousand
residents in 2011, after remaining at 1.9 since 2008.

                                      Chart 2.1     Marital Dissolutions

('000)                                                                                           Per 1,000
                                                                                                 Residents
 8                                                                                                       2.4

 7
                                                                                                         2.0
 6
                                                                                                         1.6
 5

 4                                                                                                       1.2

 3
                                                                                                         0.8
 2
                                                                                                         0.4
 1

 0                                                                                                       0.0
     1990    1992     1994     1996      1998     2000     2002      2004    2006    2008    2010 2011

            Women's Charter               Administration of Muslim Law Act          Crude Divorce Rate




Singapore Department of Statistics                            Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 13
General Divorce Rate

           Among married male residents, the general divorce rate increased slightly
from 7.5 per thousand married male residents in 2010 to 7.6 in 2011 (Chart 2.2).
The rate among married female residents was 7.2 in 2011, unchanged from 2010.
Compared to a decade ago, the general divorce rates in 2011 were significantly
higher (6.3 for males and 6.4 for females in 2001).

                                  Chart 2.2        General Divorce Rate
      Per 1,000 Married Residents
      Aged 20 years and over

      10

                                                                                 Male
       8                                                                                         7.5 7.6
                                                         6.4                   Female           7.2 7.2
       6                                                       6.3
              6.1

       4


       2


       0
           1990     1992   1994     1996    1998      2000     2002   2004     2006     2008    2010 2011




Age-Specific Divorce Rate

           Both married males and females experienced higher divorce rates across
almost all age groups in 2011 compared to 2001, particularly among those aged
25-29 years for males and 35-39 years for females (Chart 2.3).

                            Chart 2.3      Age-Sex Specific Divorce Rates
 Per 1,000                                              Per 1,000
 Married Resident Males                                 Married Resident Females
 40                                         1991        40                                          1991
                                            2001                                                    2001
 30                                         2011        30                                          2011

 20                                                     20


 10                                                     10


  0                                                     0
  20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45-49    50 & 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45-49     50 &
                                                   Over                                                   Over
                    Age Group (Years)                                     Age Group (Years)



14 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                              Singapore Department of Statistics
 Age at Divorce

            Compared to 2001, there were higher proportions of divorcees in the age
 groups 35-44 years, and 45 years and over in 2011. The proportion aged 35-44
 years rose from 38 per cent in 2001 to 39 per cent in 2011 for male divorcees, and
 from 33 per cent to 38 per cent for female divorces (Table 2.1). The increase in the
 proportion aged 45 years and over was larger, from 27 per cent to 38 per cent for
 male divorcees and from 18 per cent to 25 per cent for female divorcees.

           The median age at divorce rose in the last ten years. The median ages for
 male and female divorcees were 41.3 years and 37.7 years respectively in 2011, up
 from 39.0 years and 35.5 years in 2001.

                                 Table 2.1         Divorces by Age Group and Sex

                                  Total                        Women‟s Charter   Administration of Muslim Law Act
  Age Group
                       Males             Females             Males       Females     Males            Females
   (Years)
                    2001 2011          2001 2011          2001 2011 2001 2011 2001 2011 2001 2011

Total (Per Cent)    100.0    100.0     100.0     100.0    100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0
Below 25               1.9      1.0        6.1     3.3      0.5     0.6     3.0     2.0     5.3     2.7    14.3     8.1
25 – 34              29.8      22.7       39.7    34.4     28.7    21.0    40.7    33.8    32.8    28.7    37.0    36.3
35 – 44              37.6      38.6       32.9    37.5     37.4    39.3    32.5    38.9    38.1    36.2    33.7    32.6
45 & over            27.1      37.7       17.8    24.8     28.4    39.1    18.8    25.3    23.7    32.4    15.0    23.0
Unknown                3.5      0.0        3.6     0.0      4.9     0.0     5.0     0.0       -       -       -       -

Median Age           39.0      41.3       35.5    37.7     39.5    41.6    36.0    37.9    37.9    39.5    34.6    36.5
(Years)

Notes: 1) Data exclude annulments.
       2) Data may not add up to total due to rounding.




 Singapore Department of Statistics                                 Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 15
Median Duration of Marriage

            The median marriage duration for divorces in 2011 was 10.5 years
(Table 2.2). Marriage duration was generally shorter among Muslim divorces than
civil divorces. In 2011, the median marriage duration was 8.4 years for Muslim
divorces and 11.1 years for civil divorces.

           Couples who were married for 5-9 years accounted for the largest group
(30 per cent) of civil divorces in 2011, followed by those who were married for 20
years or longer (20 per cent) (Chart 2.4). Among Muslim divorces, while couples who
were married for 5-9 years also formed the largest group (30 per cent), the second
largest group were those who were married for less than 5 years (27 per cent).

                                  Table 2.2        Median Duration of Marriage
                                                                                                        Years
                                                                                         Administration of
                                            Total                Woman‟s Charter
                                                                                         Muslim Law Act
                                     2001            2011        2001       2011         2001         2011

 Median Duration
                                      9.5            10.5        10.0       11.1         8.1           8.4
 of Marriage

 Note: Data exclude annulments.




                             Chart 2.4        Divorces by Duration of Marriage

                           Women's Charter                         Administration of Muslim Law Act
  Per Cent
                       20.3                                                     16.5
                                                     20 & Over                                         2011
                      21.5                                                     15.0
                           14.1                                             12.2                       2001
                                                      15 - 19
                            12.4                                           10.8
                        19.4                                                  14.0
                                                      10 - 14
                           16.3                                                15.4
             30.3                                                                           30.1
                                                        5- 9
          34.5                                                                         24.5
                           15.9                                                         27.2
                                                      Under 5
                           15.3                                                               34.3

                                         Duration of Marriage (Years)

                  Note: Data exclude annulments.




16 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                              Singapore Department of Statistics
Main Reasons for Divorce and Plaintiff

Divorces under the Women’s Charter

          Among civil divorces, the main reasons for divorce in 2011 were
“Unreasonable behaviour” (49 per cent) and “Having lived apart or separated for
three years or more” (47 per cent) (Table 2.3).

          The wife instituted majority (65 per cent) of civil divorces in 2011.
“Unreasonable behaviour” of spouse was cited as the main reason by 56 per cent of
the female plaintiffs while “Having lived apart or separated for three years or more”
was the main reason for 58 per cent of the male plaintiffs.

 Table 2.3       Top Three Main Reasons for Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Plaintiff

                                               Total              Husband                   Wife
    Main Reason for Divorce
                                       2001        2011        2001      2011       2001           2011

    Number                             3,491       5,696       1,271     2,010      2,220          3,686

    Per Cent
      Unreasonable Behaviour            41.8           49.3     28.0      37.4       49.7           55.8
      Live Apart / Separated            45.9           47.0     57.6      57.5       39.2           41.2
      Desertion                          0.0            2.0        -       3.8        0.0            1.0

    Note: Data exclude annulments.




Singapore Department of Statistics                        Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 17
Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act

          Among Muslim divorces, “Infidelity or extra-marital affair” and “Domestic
violence and abuses” were the top two main reasons for divorce, as cited by 21 per
cent and 17 per cent of the divorces in 2011 respectively (Table 2.4).

            Divorces filed solely by the wife constituted 70 per cent of the Muslim
divorces in 2011. The top main reason for divorce was “Infidelity or extra-marital
affair” at 21 per cent each for male and female plaintiffs.

          Table 2.4          Top Four Main Reasons for Divorces under the Administration of
                                        Muslim Law Act by Plaintiff

                                                                 Total*            Husband                   Wife
   Main Reason for Divorce
                                                         2001         2011       2001      2011       2001          2011

   Number                                               1,328        1,538       246        467      1,043      1,069

   Per Cent
     Infidelity/Extra-Marital Affair                       9.0            20.7   10.2      21.0        8.7          20.6
     Domestic Violence and Abuses                         12.3            16.6   15.0      10.7       11.5          19.1
     Financial Problems                                   15.1            15.2    0.8       7.9       18.9          18.4
     Desertion                                             3.3             9.2    5.7      11.1        2.9           8.3

   * Total includes divorces jointly filed by both plaintiffs.




18 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                         Singapore Department of Statistics
Annulment of Marriages under the Women’s Charter

           There were a total of 370 annulments under the Women‟s Charter in
2011, comparable to the 369 annulments in 2010 (Chart 2.5). The median duration
of marriages that were annulled in 2011 was 1.8 years, a slight decline from 1.9
years in 2010.

               Chart 2.5        Annulments and Median Duration of Marriage Annulled
  Number                                                                                            Years

 700                                                                                                     4.0


 600                                                                                                     3.5

                                                                                                         3.0
 500
                                                                                                         2.5
 400
                                                                                                         2.0
 300
                                                                                                         1.5
 200
                                                                                                         1.0

 100                                                                                                     0.5

    0                                                                                                    0.0
        1990    1992     1994      1996      1998    2000    2002    2004     2006    2008   2010 2011


                                Annulments          Median Duration of Marriage Annulled




Singapore Department of Statistics                            Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 19
Tables on
Marriages




            ► 21
                                      Table A1.1            Total Marriages, 1980 – 2011

                                                                                         Resident General
                                                                                                        2
                                                               Resident                   Marriage Rate
                               First      Re-         Re-       Crude                                           Proportion of
                                                                                            (Per 1,000
               Total         Marriages, marriages, marriages, Marriage                                         First Marriages
    Year                                                                                    Unmarried
             Marriages
                       1
                               Both       One        Both       Rate
                                                                     2                                            (Per Cent)
                                                                                          Residents Aged
                              Partners   Partner    Partners (Per 1,000                    15-44 Years)
                                                              Residents)
                                                                                          Males      Females   Males   Females


1980            22,444         20,905           1,254               285       9.8          55.0       68.9     95.0      96.8
1985            23,058         21,085           1,590               383       9.2          54.4       64.0     94.1      95.6
1990            23,953         21,044           2,285               624       8.6          52.6       60.9     91.9      93.4


1991            24,791         21,699           2,403               689       8.7          55.6       62.7     91.9      92.8
1992            25,784         22,219           2,778               787       8.9          56.8       60.3     90.8      92.3
1993            25,298         21,821           2,661               816       8.6          55.3       58.8     90.8      92.2
1994            24,654         21,050           2,728               876       8.2          54.7       57.5     90.1      91.7
1995            24,965         21,196           2,883               886       8.1          55.2       57.6     90.1      91.3


1996            24,106         20,135           3,006               965       7.7          53.2       54.3     89.2      90.3
1997            25,667         21,438           3,170              1,059      8.1          56.9       60.6     89.0      90.4
1998            23,106         18,835           3,206              1,065      7.1          49.4       49.7     87.8      89.1
1999            25,648         20,999           3,454              1,195      7.8          54.8       57.2     88.2      89.0
2000            22,561         18,233           3,083              1,245      6.7          48.1       49.9     87.0      88.3


2001            22,280         17,895           3,197              1,188      6.5          47.0       46.3     86.6      88.4
2002            23,198         18,802           3,187              1,209      6.6          47.6       47.9     87.3      88.5
2003            21,962         17,496           3,197              1,269      6.3          45.8       46.6     86.2      87.7
2004            22,189         17,132           3,684              1,373      6.3          44.7       44.0     84.7      86.4
2005            22,992         17,268           4,060              1,664      6.4          44.1       41.6     83.1      84.8


2006            23,706         17,852           4,199              1,655      6.5          44.1       42.7     83.4      84.9
2007            23,966         17,874           4,332              1,760      6.4          43.8       42.6     82.5      84.7
2008            24,596         18,423           4,271              1,902      6.5          43.9       41.9     82.8      84.4
2009            26,081         19,413           4,703              1,965      6.6          43.6       41.1     82.3      84.6
2010            24,363         18,007           4,450              1,906      6.1          39.4       37.2     81.7      84.4


2011            27,258         20,315           4,849              2,094      6.7          43.7       41.4     81.7      85.1

1
    Total in 2008 includes marriages where the previous marital status of grooms was not reported.
2
    Data for 1980 refer to total marriages and total population.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 23
                    Table A1.2           Age-Sex Specific Marriage Rate, 1980 – 2011
                                                                               Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident Males
                                                        Age Group of Males (Years)
            Year
                            15-19            20-24            25-29           30-34        35-39         40-44


            1980               1.7            49.9            140.1           138.0        106.3          62.8
            1985               1.2            43.8            110.3           109.8         83.2          54.5
            1990               1.2            35.1            107.6            96.4         68.5          41.6


            1991               1.4            35.4            108.8           106.4         77.0          50.7
            1992               1.3            32.5            113.2           107.5         78.7          49.6
            1993               1.6            29.4            107.5           104.9         77.1          52.1
            1994               1.4            29.5            106.8           108.8         76.7          54.8
            1995               1.2            29.3            113.1           108.0         70.8          54.8


            1996               1.5            27.9            108.9           110.1         70.1          51.0
            1997               1.2            33.2            117.5           107.6         75.1          46.8
            1998               1.3            26.9              99.0           97.9         65.0          48.5
            1999               1.4            28.8            116.3           107.0         68.7          49.2
            2000               1.7            23.7            104.0            98.3         64.5          43.8


            2001               1.8            22.0              97.5          101.2         70.6          43.7
            2002               1.5            20.5              99.9           99.8         67.3          41.2
            2003               1.2            18.7              96.2          107.4         64.4          41.7
            2004               1.1            19.0              85.8          108.1         80.3          49.0
            2005               1.0            17.4              85.3          106.1         78.1          54.8


            2006               1.0            16.7              84.4          108.3         84.8          48.4
            2007               0.9            15.9              82.0          112.7         83.7          55.9
            2008               0.9            14.4              83.0          111.8         84.9          58.5
            2009               0.8            12.7              79.5          112.1         92.0          55.9
            2010               0.7            11.7              71.8          102.7         77.9          52.1


            2011               0.7            11.1              79.6          117.9         89.2          58.5


         Note: Data for 1980 refer to total marriages and total population.




24 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                    Singapore Department of Statistics
              Table A1.2             Age-Sex Specific Marriage Rate, 1980 – 2011 (cont’d)
                                                                               Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident Females
                                                       Age Group of Females (Years)
             Year
                             15-19            20-24            25-29            30-34        35-39         40-44


             1980            18.4             110.5            136.5             74.3         43.6          22.0
             1985            15.2              95.5            111.8             62.6         33.4          18.5
             1990            11.0              84.8            133.0             69.1         36.6          14.7


             1991            10.8              84.3            136.1             75.3         37.1          15.5
             1992            10.1              78.2            131.6             73.2         36.3          17.4
             1993              8.8             71.5            130.0             73.3         37.8          17.7
             1994              7.9             70.1            130.2             75.8         38.4          16.5
             1995              7.5             70.1            135.7             76.5         37.3          16.9


             1996              7.0             64.3            131.4             71.4         34.9          18.6
             1997              6.6             74.5            142.7             79.2         39.1          19.3
             1998              7.6             57.9            117.3             67.5         33.8          16.5
             1999              7.2             65.5            143.6             80.8         37.4          17.8
             2000              7.4             54.3            133.0             69.8         32.4          17.2


             2001              6.9             50.9            117.8             66.6         32.3          14.5
             2002              6.3             49.5            120.1             70.9         31.7          13.8
             2003              5.3             45.9            126.0             75.1         29.2          15.9
             2004              5.0             43.3            111.2             75.9         34.1          16.4
             2005              4.6             38.5            114.1             70.6         32.1          15.0


             2006              3.9             37.4            110.4             78.9         33.5          17.5
             2007              3.8             34.0            111.5             84.2         39.7          18.3
             2008              3.1             30.9            114.5             79.8         38.8          18.7
             2009              2.6             26.9            108.5             88.2         39.2          17.3
             2010              2.8             22.6             99.0             81.0         36.3          16.2


             2011              2.4             23.5            108.0             96.0         42.4          20.7


          Note: Data for 1980 refer to total marriages and total population.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 25
     Table A1.3        Total Marriages by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                     Number
                                             Age Group of Grooms (Years)
  Year               Under                                                                               60 &
            Total             20-24     25-29     30-34   35-39   40-44    45-49   50-54    55-59
                      20                                                                                 over

  2001    22,280      195     2,464     9,235     5,185   2,535   1,352     669     341      145         159
  2002    23,198      157     2,371     9,830     5,595   2,629   1,297     693     306      175         145
  2003    21,962      139     2,103     8,923     5,613   2,476   1,323     714     373      179         119
  2004    22,189      129     2,138     8,259     5,812   2,665   1,492     851     480      200         163
  2005    22,992      120     2,056     7,936     5,960   2,873   1,795    1,108    607      314         223
  2006    23,706      125     1,985     8,505     6,327   2,929   1,613    1,064    610      312         236
  2007    23,966      116     1,899     8,468     6,398   3,040   1,771    1,078    610      347         239
  2008    24,596      130     1,823     8,847     6,510   3,216   1,768    1,052    623      361         266
  2009    26,081      106     1,783     9,378     6,923   3,486   1,800    1,162    728      391         324
  2010    24,363        99    1,696     8,297     6,686   3,310   1,746    1,154    673      397         305
  2011    27,258      101     1,698     9,275     7,771   3,679   1,842    1,221    815      473         383


                                             Age Group of Brides (Years)
                     Under                                                                               60 &
            Total             20-24     25-29     30-34   35-39   40-44    45-49   50-54    55-59
                      20                                                                                 over

  2001    22,280      821     6,450     9,420     3,223   1,342    587      260     107       35          35
  2002    23,198      747     6,399    10,270     3,470   1,243    592      295     112       51          19
  2003    21,962      620     5,639     9,798     3,539   1,254    616      318     114       49          15
  2004    22,189      683     5,493     9,450     3,868   1,441    668      354     140       58          34
  2005    22,992      731     5,331     9,634     4,216   1,645    770      398     165       69          33
  2006    23,706      636     5,114    10,317     4,479   1,681    825      377     158       81          38
  2007    23,966      643     4,791    10,528     4,680   1,825    819      399     186       62          33
  2008    24,596      562     4,699    11,013     4,798   1,900    890      421     187       83          43
  2009    26,081      503     4,770    11,773     5,226   2,117    846      462     228      110          46
  2010    24,363      471     4,192    10,748     5,185   2,065    812      509     243       87          51
  2011    27,258      408     4,444    12,123     5,972   2,266   1,069     528     280       99          69




26 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                     Singapore Department of Statistics
  Table A1.4           Total Marriages by Age Differential at Marriage of Grooms to Brides and
                                     Marriage Order, 2009 – 2011
                                                                                                          Number

 Age Differential at          Total Marriages              First Marriages                  Remarriages
     Marriage             2009       2010     2011     2009     2010     2011        2009      2010       2011


Total                    26,081      24,363   27,258   19,413   18,007   20,315      6,668     6,356      6,943

Same Age                  3,228       2,929    3,421    2,846    2,599       3,034    382        330       387

Groom Older by
  1 year                  2,981       2,816    3,145    2,623    2,442       2,766    358        374       379
  2 years                 2,706       2,550    2,906    2,329    2,196       2,526    377        354       380
  3 years                 2,323       2,042    2,325    1,927    1,705       1,953    396        337       372
  4 years                 1,840       1,771    1,929    1,513    1,429       1,562    327        342       367
  5 years                 1,463       1,378    1,520    1,157    1,065       1,194    306        313       326
  6 years                 1,092       1,102    1,155     784      806         836     308        296       319
  7 years                  988         832      971      646      557         676     342        275       295
  8 years                  791         695      809      502      441         519     289        254       290
  9 years                  621         565      590      371      323         330     250        242       260
  10 years & over         3,765       3,504    3,790    1,615    1,445       1,484   2,150     2,059      2,306

Groom Younger by
  1 year                  1,654       1,607    1,794    1,375    1,342       1,497    279        265       297
  2 years                  871         759      918      678      590         722     193        169       196
  3 years                  514         514      578      363      364         432     151        150       146
  4 years                  384         362      391      262      252         254     122        110       137
  5 years & over           860         937     1,016     422      451         530     438        486       486




Singapore Department of Statistics                              Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 27
     Table A1.5          Median Age of Grooms and Brides by Marriage Order, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                    Years
                                      Grooms                                                     Brides
     Year          Total               First                                 Total              First
                                                      Remarriages                                           Remarriages
                 Marriages*          Marriages                             Marriages          Marriages

     2001            29.5                28.8               40.1               26.7                  26.2       34.2
     2002            29.6                28.9               40.1               26.7                  26.3       34.1
     2003            29.9                29.1               40.2               27.0                  26.6       34.2
     2004            30.3                29.4               40.5               27.3                  26.7       34.7
     2005            30.9                29.8               41.1               27.5                  26.9       34.8
     2006            30.7                29.7               41.1               27.6                  27.0       35.1
     2007            30.9                29.8               41.3               27.9                  27.2       35.1
     2008            30.9                29.8               41.4               28.0                  27.3       35.5
     2009            31.0                29.8               41.8               28.1                  27.5       35.7
     2010            31.2                30.0               41.8               28.3                  27.7       36.3
     2011            31.2                30.1               41.8               28.6                  28.0       36.5


  * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the previous marital status of grooms was not reported.




28 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                    Singapore Department of Statistics
               Table A1.6          Median Age of Grooms by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                               Years

        Year          Total*       Chinese         Malays         Indians       Eurasians      Caucasians    Others


       2001            29.5           29.5           29.0           29.4           30.6             34.9      30.4
       2002            29.6           29.5           28.9           29.4           32.6             35.1      30.6
       2003            29.9           29.8           28.9           29.5           32.3             36.0      31.6
       2004            30.3           30.3           29.6           29.8           32.1             36.1      30.9
       2005            30.9           31.0           29.4           30.0           32.5             36.7      30.7
       2006            30.7           30.8           29.4           30.0           32.8             36.9      30.3
       2007            30.9           30.9           29.4           30.0           34.1             36.9      30.4
       2008            30.9           31.1           29.1           29.9           34.0             37.4      30.2
       2009            31.0           31.2           29.1           30.3           33.4             38.1      29.7
       2010            31.2           31.5           29.2           30.0           31.6             37.4      30.2
       2011            31.2           31.5           29.4           29.9           35.6             37.7      30.3


    * For 2003, 2004 and 2008, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms was not reported.




                Table A1.7           Median Age of Brides by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                               Years

        Year          Total*       Chinese         Malays         Indians       Eurasians      Caucasians    Others


       2001            26.7           26.8           25.5           25.9           27.3             32.2      27.5
       2002            26.7           26.9           25.5           26.3           28.2             31.4      27.7
       2003            27.0           27.1           25.6           26.4           28.3             31.1      28.0
       2004            27.3           27.5           25.9           26.3           28.3             31.0      27.8
       2005            27.5           27.8           26.0           26.7           28.9             32.4      27.0
       2006            27.6           27.9           26.3           26.8           29.9             31.6      27.3
       2007            27.9           28.1           26.6           27.0           28.7             32.5      27.4
       2008            28.0           28.2           26.5           27.0           29.1             32.4      27.6
       2009            28.1           28.4           26.7           27.2           29.6             32.7      27.7
       2010            28.3           28.7           26.9           27.5           29.1             32.7      28.0
       2011            28.6           28.9           27.0           27.6           29.8             32.2      28.4


    * For 2003, 2004 and 2008, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of brides was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                         Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 29
      Table A1.8          Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
                                             1965 – 2011
                                                                                                                   Number

        Year               Total*             Chinese               Indians              Others            Inter-ethnic


        1965               7,287                6,429                  280                  340                   238
        1970              13,066               11,784                  608                  274                   400
        1975              20,175               18,549                  923                  160                   543
        1980              19,689               17,758                1,171                  118                   642
        1985              18,903               16,747                1,281                    83                  792
        1990              19,577               17,113                1,234                  107                  1,123


        1991              20,386               17,929                1,248                  118                  1,091
        1992              21,117               18,762                1,090                  124                  1,141
        1993              20,700               18,297                1,096                  109                  1,198
        1994              20,251               17,688                1,045                  144                  1,374
        1995              20,562               17,981                1,020                  170                  1,391


        1996              19,940               17,247                1,087                  198                  1,408
        1997              21,305               18,764                  947                  200                  1,394
        1998              18,979               16,086                  999                  243                  1,651
        1999              21,566               18,694                  877                  217                  1,778
        2000              18,555               15,742                  844                  208                  1,761


        2001              18,284               15,155                  827                  344                  1,958
        2002              19,258               16,113                  859                  307                  1,979
        2003              18,095               14,417                  657                  264                  1,622
        2004              18,095               14,299                  669                  301                  1,723
        2005              19,043               15,535                  782                  421                  2,305


        2006              19,761               16,063                  759                  494                  2,445
        2007              19,854               15,600                  818                  718                  2,718
        2008              20,395               15,743                  790                1,052                  2,810
        2009              22,065               16,379                  840                1,372                  3,474
        2010              20,232               14,537                  799                1,346                  3,550


        2011              22,846               16,504                   879               1,495                  3,968


    * For 2003 and 2004, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms or brides was not reported.

    Note: Data include marriages which were contracted overseas or under religious and customary rites and were
          subsequently registered in Singapore in the reference year.




30 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                   Singapore Department of Statistics
       Table A1.9         Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Grooms,
                                            1965 – 2011
                                                                                                       Number
                                             Age Group of Grooms (Years)
   Year                Under                                                                            60 &
             Total               20-24   25-29   30-34   35-39      40-44    45-49    50-54    55-59
                        20                                                                              over

  1965       7,071       42     1,736    3,233   1,432    400         141        42     21       14       10
  1970      12,300      111     3,825    4,920   2,311    678         237        97     69       20       32
  1975      18,579      220     6,280    8,474   2,151    844         288      157      81       40       44
  1980      18,412      141     5,417    8,501   2,935    737         342      161      85       46       47
  1985      18,495       70     4,206    8,866   3,727   1,046        282      171      67       34       26
  1990      19,191       68     2,988    8,654   4,834   1,689        567      196     100       49       46


  1991      19,985       89     3,051    9,005   5,079   1,736        586      203     123       59       54
  1992      21,025       89     2,854    9,311   5,507   2,075        682      252     137       60       58
  1993      20,692       89     2,635    9,047   5,496   2,118        740      279     147       80       61
  1994      20,243       79     2,639    8,533   5,311   2,232        854      324     128       87       56
  1995      20,553       61     2,626    8,833   5,318   2,196        902      349     117       80       71


  1996      19,935       71     2,443    8,417   5,155   2,222        936      393     158       74       66
  1997      21,300       55     2,868    9,366   5,045   2,303        952      415     154       84       58
  1998      18,971       64     2,237    8,281   4,452   2,134      1,002      420     189      117       75
  1999      21,561       84     2,424    9,604   4,970   2,360      1,133      528     253      112       93
  2000      18,550       85     1,889    8,025   4,439   2,121      1,089      501     217       93       91


  2001      18,279       97     1,767    7,784   4,452   2,087      1,107      523     255      106      101
  2002      19,257       62     1,705    8,333   4,872   2,207      1,065      545     238      130      100
  2003      18,091       51     1,447    7,532   4,865   2,035      1,092      559     291      137       82
  2004      18,091       41     1,427    6,882   5,028   2,194      1,214      666     366      147      126
  2005      19,042       48     1,388    6,526   5,221   2,448      1,537      935     506      258      175


  2006      19,761       53     1,357    7,072   5,571   2,540      1,329      894     502      268      175
  2007      19,853       56     1,253    6,942   5,636   2,663      1,463      877     496      285      182
  2008      20,389       58     1,245    7,151   5,767   2,790      1,487      863     529      284      215
  2009      22,060       56     1,270    7,694   6,207   3,088      1,530    1,001     620      337      257
  2010      20,230       63     1,139    6,631   5,881   2,867      1,492      993     590      327      247


  2011      22,840       59     1,192    7,392   6,893   3,251      1,582    1,031     703      409      328




Singapore Department of Statistics                               Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 31
       Table A1.10        Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Brides,
                                           1965 – 2011
                                                                                                    Number
                                             Age Group of Brides (Years)
   Year               Under                                                                          60 &
            Total              20-24     25-29    30-34   35-39   40-44    45-49   50-54    55-59
                       20                                                                            over

   1965     7,071      860     3,520     2,113     434      90      28      16        7        1          2
   1970    12,300    1,308     7,060     2,859     744     199      66      29       16       13          6
   1975    18,579    2,526     9,935     4,820     788     300     114      47       31        8         10
   1980    18,412    1,693     9,655     5,233    1,266    319     143      60       18       13         12
   1985    18,495    1,080     8,623     6,500    1,597    487     123      54       19        8          4
   1990    19,191      765     7,160     7,678    2,462    791     232      62       27        7          7


   1991    19,985      716     7,440     8,046    2,564    818     261      77       43       14          6
   1992    21,025      749     7,583     8,478    2,821    928     325      88       37       10          6
   1993    20,692      613     7,363     8,365    2,829    997     337     121       44       13         10
   1994    20,243      519     7,257     8,218    2,709   1,018    336     124       34       14         14
   1995    20,553      493     7,254     8,427    2,811   1,018    351     134       34       24          7


   1996    19,935      475     6,564     8,367    2,874   1,058    391     132       46       16         12
   1997    21,300      425     7,174     9,093    2,857   1,076    435     154       53       18         15
   1998    18,971      514     5,847     8,335    2,615   1,000    402     164       67       16         11
   1999    21,561      496     6,387     9,748    2,968   1,145    484     210       79       27         17
   2000    18,550      452     5,159     8,509    2,662   1,028    463     174       65       20         18


   2001    18,279      428     5,034     8,297    2,804   1,032    409     160       70       24         21
   2002    19,257      357     5,037     9,111    3,048    967     407     203       84       33         10
   2003    18,091      294     4,260     8,723    3,070    994     437     194       77       35          7
   2004    18,091      322     4,088     8,307    3,397   1,143    448     226       97       40         23
   2005    19,042      403     3,981     8,454    3,772   1,398    582     270      110       50         22


   2006    19,761      354     3,869     9,082    3,971   1,433    602     271      102       56         21
   2007    19,853      380     3,549     9,138    4,191   1,542    598     260      131       45         19
   2008    20,389      338     3,432     9,492    4,316   1,629    690     286      120       55         31
   2009    22,060      336     3,617    10,209    4,740   1,859    690     339      162       79         29
   2010    20,230      292     3,087     9,137    4,623   1,799    655     378      171       54         34


   2011    22,840      259     3,268    10,311    5,424   1,980    882     403      193       67         53




32 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                     Singapore Department of Statistics
Table A1.11         Median Age of Grooms and Brides Married under the Women‟s Charter by
                                  Marriage Order, 1965 – 2011
                                                                                                 Years
                                     Grooms                                  Brides
     Year         Total            First                      Total          First
                                              Remarriages                                Remarriages
                Marriages        Marriages                  Marriages      Marriages

     1965          27.7               27.6       38.9         23.8            23.8            34.5
     1970          27.3               27.2       41.1         23.4            23.4            33.6
     1975          26.6               26.5       39.7         23.4            23.4            33.6
     1980          27.1               27.0       38.9         23.9            23.8            33.6
     1985          27.6               27.4       37.3         24.8            24.6            31.5
     1990          28.7               28.3       39.0         25.8            25.6            32.8


     1991          28.7               28.4       38.8         25.8            25.6            32.7
     1992          29.0               28.6       38.4         26.0            25.7            32.7
     1993          29.1               28.7       39.2         26.0            25.8            33.3
     1994          29.3               28.8       39.3         26.1            25.9            33.4
     1995          29.2               28.8       39.3         26.1            25.8            33.4


     1996          29.4               28.9       39.4         26.3            26.0            33.1
     1997          29.0               28.5       39.0         26.2            25.9            33.5
     1998          29.2               28.6       39.5         26.4            26.0            33.3
     1999          29.1               28.6       40.0         26.5            26.2            33.9
     2000          29.5               28.9       40.3         26.8            26.4            34.0


     2001          29.6               29.0       40.2         26.9            26.5            33.8
     2002          29.7               29.1       40.5         26.9            26.5            33.9
     2003          30.0               29.3       40.6         27.2            26.8            33.7
     2004          30.5               29.7       40.7         27.5            27.0            34.4
     2005          31.2               30.2       41.6         27.8            27.2            34.7


     2006          30.9               30.0       41.3         27.8            27.3            35.0
     2007          31.1               30.2       41.5         28.1            27.6            35.0
     2008          31.2               30.2       41.6         28.2            27.6            35.5
     2009          31.3               30.2       42.0         28.3            27.7            35.8
     2010          31.6               30.4       42.4         28.6            28.0            36.3


     2011          31.6               30.6       42.3         28.8            28.3            36.4




Singapore Department of Statistics                          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 33
       Table A1.12           Median Age of Grooms Married under the Women‟s Charter by
                                      Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                Years

        Year            Total*          Chinese            Indians         Eurasians       Caucasians       Others


        2001             29.6              29.5             29.9              31.0              35.1         30.5
        2002             29.7              29.5             30.0              32.7              35.6         30.8
        2003             30.0              29.8             30.0              32.3              36.1         31.7
        2004             30.5              30.3             30.6              32.6              36.2         31.7
        2005             31.2              31.0             30.7              32.5              37.1         31.4
        2006             30.9              30.8             30.4              33.3              37.2         31.4
        2007             31.1              30.9             30.7              33.7              37.0         31.6
        2008             31.2              31.1             30.6              34.9              37.5         30.5
        2009             31.3              31.2             30.7              33.4              38.1         30.0
        2010             31.6              31.5             30.4              32.7              37.4         30.4
        2011             31.6              31.6             30.4              35.6              37.6         30.7


    * For 2003 and 2004, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms was not reported.




        Table A1.13           Median Age of Brides Married under the Women‟s Charter by
                                      Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                 Years

        Year             Total*          Chinese           Indians         Eurasians        Caucasians      Others


        2001             26.9              26.8              26.4             27.3              32.3         27.1
        2002             26.9              26.9              26.7             29.5              31.5         27.3
        2003             27.2              27.1              26.8             28.7              31.3         27.6
        2004             27.5              27.5              27.2             28.4              31.0         27.6
        2005             27.8              27.8              27.1             30.0              32.7         27.1
        2006             27.8              27.9              27.0             30.2              31.6         27.6
        2007             28.1              28.1              27.3             28.8              32.5         27.6
        2008             28.2              28.2              27.5             29.3              32.6         27.7
        2009             28.3              28.4              27.7             29.7              32.9         27.8
        2010             28.6              28.7              28.0             29.2              32.8         28.0
        2011             28.8              28.9              27.9             30.2              32.4         28.5


    * For 2003 and 2004, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of brides was not reported.




34 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                   Singapore Department of Statistics
     Table A1.14         Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
                                    January – December 2011
                                                                                          Number

             Month             Total       Chinese    Indians         Others        Inter-ethnic


             Total            22,840       16,499       879            1,495            3,967

         January               1,810        1,329         62             124              295
         February              1,354          932         83             107              232
          March                1,807        1,331         68             115              293

             April             1,189          644        66              159              320
             May               2,018        1,495        70              139              314
             June              2,053        1,427       108              132              386

           July                1,704        1,133         73             113              385
         August                  936          525         48             108              255
        September              2,107        1,634         58              86              329

          October              2,322        1,778        52              123              369
         November              3,154        2,468       113              147              426
         December              2,386        1,803        78              142              363




   Table A1.15         Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status and
                                  Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                          Number
           Marriage
          Contracted             Total      Chinese   Indians          Others       Inter-ethnic
           Between

     Total                     22,840       16,499       879           1,495           3,967

     Single man &
       Single woman            17,338       12,831       666           1,317           2,524
       Divorced woman           1,518        1,120        72              50             276
       Widowed woman               65           38         6               4              17

     Divorced man &
      Single woman               2,375       1,380        55              78             862
      Divorced woman             1,249         929        64              33             223
      Widowed woman                 69          46         6               3              14

     Widowed man &
      Single woman                   109        60          6               5              38
      Divorced woman                  94        79          3               2              10
      Widowed woman                   23        16          1               3               3




Singapore Department of Statistics                      Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 35
               Table A1.16      Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by
                              Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                        Number

Ethnic Group                                           Ethnic Group of Brides
 of Grooms        Total           Chinese     Indians             Eurasians      Caucasians        Malays           Others

   Total           3,967             944              159              80               76            159               2,549
  Chinese          2,131                -             33               28               34             46               1,990
  Indians            437             138                -               9               26             71                193
 Eurasians           101              63                4                   -             4                 6             24
Caucasians           828             461              54               23                 -            24                266
  Malays             119              26                9               6                 2                 -             76
  Others             351             256              59               14               10             12                   -




      Table A1.17          Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of Grooms
                                         and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                        Number

 Age Group                                          Age Group of Brides (Years)
 of Grooms                Under                                                                                          60 &
   (Years)      Total               20-24   25-29      30-34        35-39       40-44   45-49      50-54        55-59
                           20                                                                                            over

   Total        22,840      259     3,268 10,311        5,424       1,980         882      403       193           67        53
 Under 20          59        41        13         3           -         1           1          -        -           -           -
  20 – 24        1,192       99       760     251           57         12           5          5       3            -           -
  25 – 29        7,392       36     1,315   5,161           725       120          30          4        -           -           1
  30 – 34        6,893       32       598   3,298       2,538         347          60         12       8            -           -
  35 – 39        3,251       21       280     889       1,262         631         140         25       3            -           -
  40 – 44        1,582        7       149     358           440       397         183         36      12            -           -
  45 – 49        1,031       14        90     188           214       216         180         96      25            7           1
  50 – 54         703         6        40     103           107       147         137         95      54           10           4
  55 – 59         409         3        14      39           50         62          90         77      47           22           5
 60 & over        328         -         9      21           31         47          56         53      41           28        42




36 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                  Singapore Department of Statistics
           Table A1.18         Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                               Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                     Number

                Age Group                       Ethnic Group of Grooms
                 (Years)             Total      Chinese         Indians          Others


                   Total             22,840     18,630            1,316            2,894
                 Under 20               59           46              10                3
                  20 – 24             1,192        947              129              116
                  25 – 29             7,392       6,080             475              837
                  30 – 34             6,893       5,717             367              809
                  35 – 39             3,251       2,600             147              504
                  40 – 44             1,582       1,227              89              266
                  45 – 49             1,031        826               46              159
                  50 – 54              703         567               30              106
                  55 – 59              409         342               16               51
                 60 & over             328         278                7               43


                                                 Ethnic Group of Brides

                                      Total     Chinese         Indians           Others


                   Total             22,840     17,443            1,038            4,359
                 Under 20              259         160               22               77
                  20 – 24             3,268       2,261             196              811
                  25 – 29            10,311       8,114             453            1,744
                  30 – 34             5,424       4,161             196            1,067
                  35 – 39             1,980       1,475              83              422
                  40 – 44              882         689               47              146
                  45 – 49              403         325               26               52
                  50 – 54              193         153                9               31
                  55 – 59               67           56               4                7
                 60 & over              53           49               2                2




Singapore Department of Statistics                        Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 37
           Table A1.19       Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                             Previous Marital Status of Grooms, 2011
                                                                                        Number
          Age Group
                                    Total         Single     Divorced             Widowed
           (Years)


             Total                  22,840        18,921        3,693                  226
           Under 20                     59            59                 -                   -
            20 – 24                  1,192         1,186             6                       -
            25 – 29                  7,392         7,258          131                     3
            30 – 34                  6,893         6,354          534                     5
            35 – 39                  3,251         2,343          898                   10
            40 – 44                  1,582           834          724                   24
            45 – 49                  1,031           462          538                   31
            50 – 54                    703           240          432                   31
            55 – 59                    409           114          253                   42
           60 & over                   328            71          177                   80




           Table A1.20       Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                              Previous Marital Status of Brides, 2011
                                                                                        Number
          Age Group
                                    Total         Single     Divorced             Widowed
           (Years)

             Total                 22,840         19,822       2,861                  157
           Under 20                   259           259              -                   -
            20 – 24                 3,268          3,208           57                    3
            25 – 29                10,311          9,888         415                     8
            30 – 34                 5,424          4,624         781                   19
            35 – 39                 1,980          1,269         689                   22
            40 – 44                   882           369          484                   29
            45 – 49                   403           121          249                   33
            50 – 54                   193            47          119                   27
            55 – 59                    67            18            39                  10
           60 & over                   53            19            28                    6




38 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011            Singapore Department of Statistics
           Table A1.21         First Marriages for Grooms under the Women‟s Charter by
                                Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                       Number
     Age Group                                     Age Group of Brides (Years)
     of Grooms                   Under                                                                  50 &
       (Years)        Total                20-24     25-29    30-34      35-39   40-44    45-49
                                  20                                                                    over

        Total       18,921           229   2,908    9,348    4,441       1,293    440       160         102
      Under 20           59          41      13          3        -         1       1          -           -
       20 – 24        1,186          99     757       249       57         12       4         5           3
       25 – 29        7,258          34    1,274    5,098      702        115      30         4           1
       30 – 34        6,354          25     530     3,095    2,336        304      51         7           6
       35 – 39        2,343          11     185       615      968        454      93        15           2
       40 – 44          834            5     75       169      226        232     100        22           5
       45 – 49          462            8     44        78       93         95      78        47          19
      50 & over         425            6     30        41       59         80      83        60          66




            Table A1.22         First Marriages for Brides under the Women‟s Charter by
                                 Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                       Number
     Age Group                                     Age Group of Brides (Years)
     of Grooms                   Under                                                                  50 &
       (Years)        Total                20-24     25-29    30-34      35-39   40-44     45-49
                                  20                                                                    over

        Total        19,822          259   3,208     9,888    4,624      1,269     369      121           84
      Under 20            57          41      13         3           -       -        -            -           -
       20 – 24        1,144           99     753       236       44          8       3         1               -
       25 – 29        7,103           36   1,296     5,050      627         76      15         3               -
       30 – 34        6,333           32     587     3,177    2,273        232      27         3           2
       35 – 39        2,668           21     270       811    1,043        447      64        11           1
       40 – 44        1,145            7     143       309      348        250      76        10           2
       45 – 49           671          14      86       168      156        126      79        35           7
     50 & over           701           9      60       134      133        130     105        58          72




Singapore Department of Statistics                               Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 39
        Table A1.23            First Marriages for Couples under the Women‟s Charter by Age
                                      Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                                 Number
Age Group                                                 Age Group of Brides (Years)
of Grooms                      Under                                                                                              50 &
  (Years)          Total                     20-24        25-29         30-34           35-39          40-44        45-49
                                20                                                                                                over

   Total         17,338            229       2,863         9,065        3,923             943            226           61           28
 Under 20             57            41             13            3               -              -              -            -         -
  20 – 24          1,138            99          750          234            44                8             2           1             -
  25 – 29          6,991            34       1,256         4,995          612              76              15           3             -
  30 – 34          5,916            25          522        2,999        2,129             213              24           2            2
  35 – 39          2,015            11          177          581          834             357              48           6            1
  40 – 44            664             5             74        150          189             179              58           8            1
  45 – 49            335             8             42         70            77             63              47          23            5
 50 & over           222             6             29         33            38             47              32          18           19


Note: Data pertain to couples where neither party had previously been married.




              Table A1.24            Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Occupation of
                                            Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                                Number
                                                                   Occupation of Brides
    Occupation
                                        Profes-        Admin-                                       Production
    of Grooms                                                                        Sales &                                     Not
                           Total        sional &     istrative &     Clerical                       & Related      Others
                                                                                     Services                                   Working
                                       Technical     Managerial                                      Workers


        Total              22,840        7,146          7,328           492           2,076             317        1,081         4,400

  Professional &           10,440        5,808          2,331           157             526             118          189         1,311
    Technical

 Administrative &           5,939           779         3,756           106             321               35         143           799
   Managerial

      Clerical                108              9            12            37             19                2            6           23

Sales & Services            2,525           178           429             86            840               53          63           876

  Production &                695            65           157             29            107               84          18           235
 Related Workers

       Others               2,470           170           479             60            197               16         623           925

   Not Working                663           137           164             17             66                9          39           231




40 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                         Singapore Department of Statistics
            Table A1.25        Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                               Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                            Number
                                                         Occupation of Grooms
Age Group
                              Profes-        Admin-                              Production
 (Years)                                                              Sales &                               Not
                  Total       sional &     istrative &    Clerical               & Related     Others
                                                                      Services                             Working
                             Technical     Managerial                             Workers


   Total         22,840       10,440          5,939          108       2,525          695       2,470         663
 Under 20             59               5          2              -          9            -         23          20
  20 – 24          1,192             310        149            17        265           43         247         161
  25 – 29          7,392       3,900          1,845            26        633          182         599         207
  30 – 34          6,893       3,595          2,040            13        519          138         498          90
  35 – 39          3,251       1,456            996            14        355           85         301          44
  40 – 44          1,582             604        418             8        217           81         224          30
  45 – 49          1,031             267        248            11        200           62         220          23
  50 – 54            703             172        136            10        153           55         160          17
  55 – 59            409             83          60             5        108           26         106          21
 60 & over           328             48          45             4          66          23          92          50


                                                         Occupation of Brides
                              Profes-        Admin-                              Production
                                                                      Sales &                               Not
                  Total       sional &     istrative &    Clerical               & Related     Others
                                                                      Services                             Working
                             Technical     Managerial                             Workers


   Total         22,840        7,146          7,328          492       2,076          317       1,081       4,400
 Under 20            259               2         18             3          39           2          19         176
  20 – 24          3,268             606        735            91        447           57         206       1,126
  25 – 29        10,311        3,883          3,557          185         754          110         388       1,434
  30 – 34          5,424       1,854          2,016          106         398           59         226         765
  35 – 39          1,980             566        640            49        185           34         106         400
  40 – 44            882             162        220            23        134           24          74         245
  45 – 49            403             45          85            19          80          18          33         123
  50 – 54            193             24          43            11          25           9          20          61
  55 – 59             67               3          9             4           6           2           5          38
 60 & over            53               1          5             1           8           2           4          32




Singapore Department of Statistics                                   Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 41
           Table A1.26 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                    Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                      Number
                                                  Educational Qualification of Grooms
        Age Group
         (Years)                         Primary                      Upper
                             Total                     Secondary                  Polytechnic     University
                                         or Lower                   Secondary

           Total            22,840         1,121          4,119         2,569           3,871      11,160
         Under 20               59                1          43            12              2             1
          20 – 24            1,192            27            404           286            265           210
          25 – 29            7,392            60            810           785           1,484        4,253
          30 – 34            6,893            95            809           629           1,324        4,036
          35 – 39            3,251           144            658           407            470         1,572
          40 – 44            1,582           166            462           199            176           579
          45 – 49            1,031           200            393           101             74           263
          50 – 54              703           195            252            81             45           130
          55 – 59              409           126            160            39             22            62
         60 & over             328           107            128            30              9            54


                                                  Educational Qualification of Brides
                                         Primary                      Upper
                             Total                     Secondary                  Polytechnic     University
                                         or Lower                   Secondary

           Total            22,840           915          4,473         2,335           3,532      11,585
         Under 20              259            33            153            49             20             4
          20 – 24            3,268           166          1,008           574            688           832
          25 – 29           10,311           191          1,263           855           1,721        6,281
          30 – 34            5,424           160            886           423            754         3,201
          35 – 39            1,980           104            531           201            244           900
          40 – 44              882            90            334           135             72           251
          45 – 49              403            67            183            53             25            75
          50 – 54              193            50             75            31              5            32
          55 – 59               67            32             21             7              2             5
         60 & over              53            22             19             7              1             4




42 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                         Singapore Department of Statistics
     Table A1.27            Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Educational Qualification
                                       of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                               Number

        Educational                                        Educational Qualification of Brides
        Qualification                           Primary                           Upper
         of Grooms                Total                         Secondary                     Polytechnic   University
                                                or Lower                        Secondary

            Total               22,840              915            4,473              2,335      3,532       11,585
     Primary or Lower            1,121              321              568               106          56           70
         Secondary               4,119              338            2,164               500        455           662
     Upper Secondary             2,569              113              584               826        423           623
        Polytechnic              3,871                76             554               393       1,342        1,506
         University             11,160                67             603               510       1,256        8,724




           Table A1.28 First Marriages for Couples under the Women‟s Charter by
                    Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                               Number

        Educational                                        Educational Qualification of Brides
        Qualification                           Primary                           Upper
         of Grooms                Total                         Secondary                     Polytechnic   University
                                                or Lower                        Secondary

            Total               17,338               378           2,462              1,582      2,904       10,012
     Primary or Lower               417              105             208                42          23           39
         Secondary                2,359              122           1,176               294        321           446
     Upper Secondary              1,825               67             348               599        346           465
        Polytechnic               3,162               45             376               298       1,160        1,283
         University               9,575               39             354               349       1,054        7,779


     Note: Data pertain to couples where neither party had previously been married.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 43
             Table A1.29 Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by
                    Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                               Number

       Educational                                     Educational Qualification of Brides
       Qualification                         Primary                          Upper
        of Grooms            Total                          Secondary                        Polytechnic    University
                                             or Lower                       Secondary

           Total            3,967                392            1,255           427              249          1,644
     Primary or Lower            381             126              201             30               7             17
        Secondary           1,037                141              587             92              30            187
     Upper Secondary             533             59               156           140               27            151
        Polytechnic              485             34               127             54              72            198
         University         1,531                32               184           111              113          1,091




             Table A1.30          Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Religion of
                                        Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                               Number
                                                                Religion of Brides
        Religion                                                    Taoism /
       of Grooms                                                     Other                       Other         No
                         Total         Christianity Buddhism                     Hinduism
                                                                    Chinese                     Religions    Religion
                                                                     Beliefs

         Total          22,840           5,150         9,053            1,638          794         819         5,386
      Christianity       5,048           3,477           671             123           58              99        620
       Buddhism          9,220             654         6,891             414             9         139         1,113
      Taoism /           1,814             114           468             904             1             33        294
    Other Chinese
       Beliefs
       Hinduism           981              127             46              8           660         107            33
    Other Religions       742              107           106              12           49          350           118
      No Religion        5,035             671           871             177           17              91      3,208




44 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                 Singapore Department of Statistics
   Table A1.31          Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple and
                           Place of Marriage / Marriage Solemnizer, 2011
                                                                                                                         Number
  Place of Marriage /
                                   Total             Chinese               Indians             Others            Inter-ethnic
 Marriage Solemnizer

         Total                   22,840               16,499                    879              1,495               3,967
        Registry                   5,353                3,637                   161                  434             1,121
        Church                     2,169                1,779                   53                   85                  252
     Hindu Temple                      424                   1                  289                    9                 125
   Chinese Temple                      335                269                     -                  22                  44
  Grassroots Leader                8,071                6,019                   130                  552             1,370
   Justice of Peace                3,195                2,455                   65                   134                 541
 Additional Solemnizer             2,684                1,957                   130                  190                 407
         Others                        609                382                   51                   69                  107




                 Table A1.32            Resident Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by
                                       Ethnic Group of Couple, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                   Number

          Year                Total*             Chinese              Indians              Others            Inter-ethnic


          2001               17,505              14,912                   777                   45               1,771
          2002               18,564              15,921                   811                   35               1,797
          2003               17,419              14,248                   636                   53               1,481
          2004               17,419              14,127                   650                   75               1,571
          2005               18,418              15,368                   760                 161                2,129
          2006               19,043              15,887                   725                 198                2,233
          2007               18,985              15,407                   781                 311                2,486
          2008               19,301              15,548                   748                 440                2,565
          2009               20,620              16,140                   791                 567                3,122
          2010               18,754              14,302                   753                 543                3,156
          2011               20,945              16,143                   817                 466                3,519


    * For 2003 and 2004, Total includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms or brides was not reported.

    Note: Resident marriage refers to a marriage where either or both the groom and bride are residents. Resident population
          comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                        Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 45
           Table A1.33 Marriages under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
               Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                   Number
                                         Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms
      Age Group
       (Years)                        Primary                      Upper
                         Total                     Secondary                   Polytechnic     University
                                      or Lower                   Secondary

         Total          19,156          1,073         3,517         2,195          3,625          8,746
       Under 20              54             1            38            12                 2            1
        20 – 24            920             24           309           250            238              99
        25 – 29          6,065             50           626           659          1,397          3,333
        30 – 34          5,878             80           654           531          1,257          3,356
        35 – 39          2,732            138           575           366            438          1,215
        40 – 44          1,335            163           418           173            165            416
        45 – 49            896            196           377            86                64         173
        50 – 54            620            192           244            67                37           80
        55 – 59            371            125           157            28                20           41
       60 & over           285            104           119            23                 7           32


                                          Educational Qualification of Resident Brides
                                      Primary                      Upper
                         Total                     Secondary                   Polytechnic     University
                                      or Lower                   Secondary

         Total          14,671            320         1,847         1,238          2,927          8,339
       Under 20            159             11            98            34                16            -
        20 – 24          1,667             23           356           313            545            430
        25 – 29          6,980             30           420           424          1,445          4,661
        30 – 34          3,688             42           381           232            658          2,375
        35 – 39          1,226             51           235           109            198            633
        40 – 44            505             54           168            66                48         169
        45 – 49            227             43           102            25                12           45
        50 – 54            130             31            53            26                 2           18
        55 – 59              48            20            18              4                2            4
       60 & over             41            15            16              5                1            4




46 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                       Singapore Department of Statistics
            Table A1.34            Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                    Ethnic Group of Couple, 1965 – 2011
                                                                                                              Number

             Year                  Total*             Malays             Indians             Others     Inter-ethnic


             1965                  1,922               1,546                  84                  22         270
             1970                  2,272               1,865                122                   10         275
             1975                  3,233               2,522                190                   14         507
             1980                  4,032               3,192                212                   30         598
             1985                  4,563               3,576                237                   24         726
             1990                  4,762               3,718                241                   18         785


             1991                  4,806               3,724                235                   25         822
             1992                  4,759               3,658                242                   24         835
             1993                  4,606               3,487                266                   20         833
             1994                  4,411               3,381                222                   13         795
             1995                  4,412               3,270                256                   27         859


             1996                  4,171               3,033                248                   26         864
             1997                  4,367               3,197                264                   10         896
             1998                  4,135               3,021                250                   19         845
             1999                  4,087               2,919                218                   22         928
             2000                  4,011               2,806                221                   21         963


             2001                  4,001               2,913                210                   22         856
             2002                  3,941               2,837                214                   27         863
             2003                  3,871               2,749                200                   29         893
             2004                  4,098               2,816                191                   51       1,040
             2005                  3,950               2,542                180                 109        1,119


             2006                  3,945               2,472                165                 109        1,199
             2007                  4,113               2,598                171                 122        1,222
             2008                  4,207               2,593                191                 120        1,302
             2009                  4,021               2,394                182                 127        1,318
             2010                  4,133               2,381                174                 200        1,378


             2011                  4,418               2,635                178                 184        1,421


     * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms or brides was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 47
            Table A1.35           Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                    Age Group of Grooms, 1965 – 2011
                                                                                                                  Number
                                               Age Group of Grooms (Years)
     Year                Under                                                                                     60 &
               Total*              20-24     25-29      30-34     35-39     40-44       45-49   50-54     55-59
                          20                                                                                       over

     1965      1,922         75      632        695       245       102            87      36       21       10          12
     1970      2,272         86      969        659       293       105            54      37       30       16          23
     1975      3,233       116     1,356     1,200        247       128            82      35       34       14          21
     1980      4,032       110     1,593     1,552        416       142            82      50       32       26          29
     1985      4,563         69    1,678     1,848        575       166            70      62       34       26          35
     1990      4,762         67    1,164     2,198        746       293       117          60       44       33          40


     1991      4,806         69    1,103     2,183        829       285       150          52       53       31          51
     1992      4,759         56      967     2,170        859       358       151          78       48       31          41
     1993      4,606         84      854     2,010        929       362       151          76       48       41          51
     1994      4,411         73      890     1,806        868       382       168          81       51       44          48
     1995      4,412         68      878     1,743        903       391       206          96       44       32          51


     1996      4,171         83      842     1,606        799       387       198        113        50       32          61
     1997      4,367         72      858     1,612        884       451       216        113        64       36          61
     1998      4,135         72      741     1,532        869       424       235        108        62       43          49
     1999      4,087         76      739     1,542        755       427       250        140        72       31          55
     2000      4,011       103       688     1,479        705       442       278        140        78       39          59


     2001      4,001         98      697     1,451        733       448       245        146        86       39          58
     2002      3,941         95      666     1,497        723       422       232        148        68       45          45
     2003      3,871         88      656     1,391        748       441       231        155        82       42          37
     2004      4,098         88      711     1,377        784       471       278        185      114        53          37
     2005      3,950         72      668     1,410        739       425       258        173      101        56          48


     2006      3,945         72      628     1,433        756       389       284        170      108        44          61
     2007      4,113         60      646     1,526        762       377       308        201      114        62          57
     2008      4,207         72      578     1,696        743       426       281        189        94       77          51
     2009      4,021         50      513     1,684        716       398       270        161      108        54          67
     2010      4,133         36      557     1,666        805       443       254        161        83       70          58


     2011      4,418         42      506     1,883        878       428       260        190      112        64          55


    * Total in 1965 includes marriages where the age of grooms was not reported.




48 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                     Singapore Department of Statistics
            Table A1.36            Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                      Age Group of Brides, 1965 – 2011
                                                                                                                 Number
                                                  Age Group of Brides (Years)
     Year                 Under                                                                                   60 &
                Total*               20-24     25-29     30-34      35-39     40-44      45-49   50-54   55-59
                           20                                                                                     over

     1965       1,922     1,014        529       182         88         47         34      17       6        1        1
     1970       2,272        872     1,036       164         75         56         44      11       8        6        -
     1975       3,233        973     1,521       494         96         67         44      25       7        4        2
     1980       4,032        816     2,091       739        223         63         48      23      11       12        6
     1985       4,563        684     2,424       927        292       115          57      30      19        9        6
     1990       4,762        558     2,109     1,307        407       226          92      23      24        8        8


     1991       4,806        563     2,066     1,316        481       191          109     40      18        9       13
     1992       4,759        492     2,006     1,330        489       223          121     53      28       10        7
     1993       4,606        455     1,843     1,356        497       241          111     65      17       13        8
     1994       4,411        402     1,815     1,175        547       251          118     58      24       10       11
     1995       4,412        420     1,805     1,164        492       289          134     67      18       16        7


     1996       4,171        386     1,678     1,090        489       248          146     86      24       12       12
     1997       4,367        359     1,676     1,188        539       282          154    102      40       13       14
     1998       4,135        421     1,519     1,118        490       295          153     92      26        9       12
     1999       4,087        383     1,441     1,162        460       320          173     93      31       11       13
     2000       4,011        431     1,327     1,139        463       302          182     96      44       13       14


     2001       4,001        393     1,416     1,123        419       310          178    100      37       11       14
     2002       3,941        390     1,362     1,159        422       276          185     92      28       18        9
     2003       3,871        326     1,379     1,075        469       260          179    124      37       14        8
     2004       4,098        361     1,405     1,143        471       298          220    128      43       18       11
     2005       3,950        328     1,350     1,180        444       247          188    128      55       19       11


     2006       3,945        282     1,245     1,235        508       248          223    106      56       25       17
     2007       4,113        263     1,242     1,390        489       283          221    139      55       17       14
     2008       4,207        224     1,267     1,521        482       271          200    135      67       28       12
     2009       4,021        167     1,153     1,564        486       258          156    123      66       31       17
     2010       4,133        179     1,105     1,611        562       266          157    131      72       33       17


     2011       4,418        149     1,176     1,812        548       286          187    125      87       32       16


    * Total in 1965 includes marriages where the age of brides was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                           Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 49
  Table A1.37            Median Age of Grooms and Brides Married under the Administration of
                           Muslim Law Act by Marriage Order, 1965 – 2011
                                                                                                                         Years
                                             Grooms                                                  Brides
        Year               Total              First                               Total               First
                                                            Remarriages                                         Remarriages
                         Marriages*         Marriages                           Marriages           Marriages

        1965                 26.8              25.9              35.5              19.7               19.0         28.4
        1970                 25.6              24.9              37.7              21.3               20.8         31.9
        1975                 25.6              25.1              37.9              22.1               21.7         30.7
        1980                 26.0              25.4              35.3              22.9               22.6         30.6
        1985                 26.1              25.6              34.6              23.2               22.8         30.9
        1990                 27.2              26.6              35.9              24.4               23.9         32.1


        1991                 27.4              26.7              36.3              24.5               23.9         32.6
        1992                 27.8              27.0              36.7              24.7               24.0         32.0
        1993                 28.0              27.2              37.3              25.0               24.2         32.7
        1994                 28.2              27.1              37.4              25.0               24.0         33.5
        1995                 28.5              27.4              37.9              25.0               24.1         33.9


        1996                 28.4              27.3              39.0              25.0               24.2         34.3
        1997                 28.7              27.3              38.6              25.4               24.5         34.3
        1998                 28.7              27.3              38.8              25.3               24.4         34.0
        1999                 28.7              27.4              39.4              25.6               24.5         34.9
        2000                 28.8              27.4              39.8              25.7               24.4         35.0


        2001                 29.0              27.5              39.8              25.6               24.3         35.4
        2002                 28.8              27.6              39.6              25.6               24.4         34.8
        2003                 29.0              27.6              39.7              25.7               24.5         35.5
        2004                 29.5              27.7              40.2              25.9               24.6         35.4
        2005                 29.2              27.7              39.9              25.9               24.7         35.4


        2006                 29.2              27.6              40.4              26.3               25.0         35.6
        2007                 29.2              27.6              40.7              26.4               25.2         35.6
        2008                 29.1              27.7              40.6              26.5               25.4         35.7
        2009                 29.1              27.8              41.0              26.7               25.7         35.7
        2010                 29.3              28.1              39.7              27.0               25.8         35.8


        2011                 29.3              28.1              40.4              27.0               26.0         36.8


 * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the previous marital status of grooms was not reported.




50 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                     Singapore Department of Statistics
           Table A1.38           Median Age of Grooms Married under the Administration of
                                Muslim Law Act by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                  Years
             Year                     Total*                  Malays                   Indians           Others


             2001                      29.0                     28.9                        28.3           30.7
             2002                      28.8                     28.8                        28.2           30.4
             2003                      29.0                     28.9                        28.6           31.3
             2004                      29.5                     29.6                        28.3           30.0
             2005                      29.2                     29.3                        28.5           29.9
             2006                      29.2                     29.3                        28.8           29.0
             2007                      29.2                     29.2                        28.4           29.6
             2008                      29.1                     29.0                        28.5           29.9
             2009                      29.1                     29.0                        29.2           29.5
             2010                      29.3                     29.2                        28.8           30.0
             2011                      29.3                     29.3                        28.6           29.8


    * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms was not reported.




            Table A1.39          Median Age of Brides Married under the Administration of
                                Muslim Law Act by Ethnic Group, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                  Years
             Year                     Total*                  Malays                   Indians           Others


             2001                      25.6                     25.6                        24.9           26.9
             2002                      25.6                     25.6                        25.2           26.9
             2003                      25.7                     25.7                        25.3           26.6
             2004                      25.9                     25.9                        25.1           26.9
             2005                      25.9                     25.9                        25.3           26.7
             2006                      26.3                     26.2                        26.2           26.8
             2007                      26.4                     26.5                        26.0           26.7
             2008                      26.5                     26.4                        25.8           27.3
             2009                      26.7                     26.6                        25.6           27.5
             2010                      27.0                     26.9                        26.5           27.5
             2011                      27.0                     26.9                        26.3           27.9


    * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the ethnic group of brides was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 51
           Table A1.40 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                     Ethnic Group of Couple, January – December 2011
                                                                                                Number

            Month                Total            Malays   Indians           Others        Inter-ethnic


              Total             4,418             2,635      178               184            1,421

            January               369               204       13                 17             135
            February              262               164        7                 10              81
             March                339               194       20                 16             109

              April               307               192       15                 16              84
              May                 312               186       18                  6             102
              June                435               263       16                 12             144

              July                379               227       13                 12             127
            August                 81                47        2                  4              28
           September              251               139       15                 15              82

            October               458               273       14                 21             150
           November               562               346       17                 26             173
           December               663               400       28                 29             206




           Table A1.41 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                  Previous Marital Status and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                                Number
     Marriage Contracted
                                 Total            Malays   Indians           Others        Inter-ethnic
           Between

     Total                       4,418            2,635      178               184            1,421
     Single man &
       Single woman              2,977            1,762      145               136              934
       Divorced woman              357              226        7                11              113
       Widowed woman                17                8        -                 1                8

     Divorced man &
      Single woman                 382              192       13                 21             156
      Divorced woman               551              366       11                  9             165
      Widowed woman                 34               22        -                  1              11

     Widowed man &
      Single woman                  18                9        1                  -               8
      Divorced woman                52               35        1                  3              13
      Widowed woman                 13                8        -                  2               3

     Married man &
      Single woman                   8                1         -                 -                7
      Divorced woman                 8                5         -                 -                3
      Widowed woman                  1                1         -                 -                -



52 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                     Singapore Department of Statistics
                Table A1.42 Inter-ethnic Marriages under the Administration of
                 Muslim Law Act by Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                     Number

Ethnic Group                                            Ethnic Group of Brides
 of Grooms          Total            Malays     Chinese            Indians     Eurasians       Caucasians           Others

    Total           1,421              632            130             206            14             12                427
   Malays             588                 -            99             135             9                 9             336
   Chinese            105               77               -              8             1                 1              18
   Indians            270              198              8                -            1                 1              62
  Eurasians               13            10              1               1             -                 -               1
 Caucasians               56            37              1               7             1                 -              10
   Others             389              310             21              55             2                 1                -




             Table A1.43         Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                  Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                     Number
 Age Group                                            Age Group of Brides (Years)
 of Grooms                  Under                                                                                      60 &
   (Years)        Total               20-24   25-29     30-34      35-39     40-44   45-49      50-54       55-59
                             20                                                                                        over

    Total        4,418         149    1,176   1,812          548     286      187     125          87         32         16
  Under 20           42        34         8       -            -        -        -         -        -           -            -
   20 – 24         506         82       319     78           14       11        1          -        1           -            -
   25 – 29       1,883         22       604   1,130          97       23        5          2        -           -            -
   30 – 34         878         10       156    424           222      49       10          5        2           -            -
   35 – 39         428           -       50    119           129      88       26         10        6           -            -
   40 – 44         260           1       27     36           46       60       56         23        8          3             -
   45 – 49         190           -        8     17           25       31       50         40       17          2             -
   50 – 54         112           -        4      5           10       12       28         27       19          6             1
   55 – 59           64          -        -      2             4       9        7         12       21          9             -
  60 & over          55          -        -      1             1       3        4          6       13         12         15




Singapore Department of Statistics                                     Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 53
           Table A1.44 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                  Age Group and Ethnic Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                 Number

       Age Group                                   Ethnic Group of Grooms
        (Years)                 Total             Malays             Indians               Others

          Total                 4,418              3,223                448                   747
        Under 20                   42                33                      2                   7
         20 – 24                  506               376                  58                     72
         25 – 29                1,883              1,362                215                   306
         30 – 34                  878               612                 103                   163
         35 – 39                  428               324                  27                     77
         40 – 44                  260               191                  15                     54
         45 – 49                  190               152                      9                  29
         50 – 54                  112                83                  13                     16
         55 – 59                   64                46                      5                  13
        60 & over                  55                44                      1                  10


                                                    Ethnic Group of Brides

                                Total             Malays             Indians               Others


          Total                 4,418              3,267                384                   767
        Under 20                  149               119                  18                     12
         20 – 24                1,176               874                 129                   173
         25 – 29                1,812              1,351                146                   315
         30 – 34                  548               365                  41                   142
         35 – 39                  286               195                  26                     65
         40 – 44                  187               139                      8                  40
         45 – 49                  125               106                      9                  10
         50 – 54                   87                78                      4                   5
         55 – 59                   32                27                      3                   2
        60 & over                  16                13                      -                   3




54 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                    Singapore Department of Statistics
           Table A1.45 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                  Age Group and Previous Marital Status of Grooms, 2011
                                                                                                  Number
        Age Group
                               Total        Single           Divorced        Widowed          Married
         (Years)

           Total               4,418        3,351               967                83             17
         Under 20                    42        42                 -                 -                 -
          20 – 24                506          502                 4                 -                 -
          25 – 29              1,883        1,787                95                 1                 -
          30 – 34                878          684               187                 4                 3
          35 – 39                428          198               225                 3                 2
          40 – 44                260           88               165                 6                 1
          45 – 49                190           32               137                15                 6
          50 – 54                112           14                81                15                 2
          55 – 59                    64         4                43                15                 2
         60 & over                   55         -                30                24                 1




           Table A1.46 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                   Age Group and Previous Marital Status of Brides, 2011
                                                                                                  Number
        Age Group
                                 Total              Single              Divorced           Widowed
         (Years)

           Total                 4,418               3,385                 968                  65
         Under 20                    149              147                    2                    -
          20 – 24                1,176               1,135                  41                    -
          25 – 29                1,812               1,643                 166                    3
          30 – 34                    548              322                  216                  10
          35 – 39                    286               77                  201                    8
          40 – 44                    187               39                  138                  10
          45 – 49                    125               13                  103                    9
          50 – 54                      87               5                   68                  14
          55 – 59                      32               3                   23                    6
         60 & over                     16               1                   10                    5




Singapore Department of Statistics                             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 55
            Table A1.47 First Marriages for Grooms under the Administration of
                 Muslim Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                     Number
     Age Group                                    Age Group of Brides (Years)
     of Grooms               Under                                                                    50 &
       (Years)       Total              20-24      25-29    30-34    35-39      40-44     45-49
                              20                                                                      over

        Total       3,351       142     1,049      1,582      355      119         58         28        18
      Under 20         42        34         8           -        -         -         -          -           -
      20 – 24         502        80      317          78       14        11          1          -           1
      25 – 29       1,787        19      571       1,084       85        22          4         2            -
      30 – 34         684         8      114         354      170        27          7         2            2
      35 – 39         198          -       22         56       63        39        11          3            4
      40 – 44          88         1        14          6       14        16        21         11            5
      45 – 49          32          -         -         3        7         3        10          6            3
     50 & over         18          -        3          1        2         1          4         4            3




                Table A1.48 First Marriages for Brides under the Administration of
                    Muslim Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                     Number
    Age Group                                     Age Group of Brides (Years)
    of Grooms                Under                                                                    50 &
      (Years)        Total              20-24      25-29    30-34     35-39     40-44      45-49
                              20                                                                      over

       Total        3,385       147     1,135      1,643      322        77         39        13            9
     Under 20          42        34         8           -        -         -          -         -            -
      20 – 24         471        82       309         70         7        2          1          -            -
      25 – 29       1,745        21       583      1,063        67       10          1          -            -
      30 – 34         679         9       150        371      136         9          4          -            -
      35 – 39         235          -       48         90        63       30          4          -            -
      40 – 44         111         1        26         30        26       14         12          2            -
      45 – 49          52          -        7         13        16        7          6          3            -
     50 & over         50          -        4          6         7        5         11          8           9




56 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                        Singapore Department of Statistics
                Table A1.49 First Marriages for Couples under the Administration of
                     Muslim Law Act by Age Group of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                          Number
 Age Group                                                 Age Group of Brides (Years)
 of Grooms                      Under                                                                                      50 &
   (Years)          Total                    20-24          25-29          30-34         35-39         40-44     45-49
                                 20                                                                                        over

     Total         2,977            142      1,019          1,485            254            48            25         3        1
  Under 20             42           34             8              -                -            -          -          -        -
   20 – 24           467            80          307            70                  7            2          1          -        -
   25 – 29         1,678            19          556         1,028             64            10             1          -        -
   30 – 34           583              8         110           329            124                8          4          -        -
   35 – 39           138              -           22           51             41            20             4          -        -
   40 – 44             46             1           13              5           10                7          9         1         -
   45 – 49             13             -            -              2                6            1          3         1         -
  50 & over            10             -            3              -                2            -          3         1        1


Note: Data pertain to couples where neither party had previously been married.




             Table A1.50            Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                    Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                          Number
                                                                      Occupation of Brides
    Occupation
                                        Profes-          Admin-                                     Production
    of Grooms                                                                          Sales &                             Not
                            Total       sional &       istrative &      Clerical                    & Related    Others
                                                                                       Services                           Working
                                       Technical       Managerial                                    Workers


        Total               4,418         1,003          1,215            210            513             82       602       793

  Professional &            1,532          730             414              63           114             14         45      152
    Technical

 Administrative &            477             93            263              13             34             4         14       56
   Managerial

      Clerical                63              6              10             20              4             3          5       15

Sales & Services             594             62            147              32           211             10         17      115

  Production &               387             43            118              27             56            31         26       86
 Related Workers

       Others               1,271            56            248              55             85            18       484       325

   Not Working                94             13              15               -             9             2         11       44




Singapore Department of Statistics                                                 Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 57
            Table A1.51 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                   Age Group and Occupation of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                             Number
                                                      Occupation of Grooms
Age Group
                             Profes-      Admin-                             Production
 (Years)          Total      sional &   istrative &    Clerical
                                                                  Sales &
                                                                             & Related      Others
                                                                                                         Not
                                                                  Services                              Working
                            Technical   Managerial                            Workers


   Total         4,418       1,532          477            63        594         387        1,271             94
 Under 20           42            -            -            1          3            1          28              9
  20 – 24          506         108           31             2        101          39          199             26
  25 – 29        1,883         752          218            23        255         150          461             24
  30 – 34          878         385          102            11        113          58          202              7
  35 – 39          428         151           62             9         50          52           98              6
  40 – 44          260           62          32             4         29          31           98              4
  45 – 49          190           38          22             7         21          25           73              4
  50 – 54          112           22           5             3         11          17           54               -
  55 – 59           64            9           3             2          9            7          32              2
 60 & over          55            5           2             1          2            7          26             12


                                                      Occupation of Brides
                             Profes-      Admin-                             Production
                                                                  Sales &                                Not
                  Total      sional &   istrative &    Clerical              & Related      Others
                                                                  Services                              Working
                            Technical   Managerial                            Workers


   Total         4,418       1,003        1,215          210         513          82          602            793
 Under 20          149            2           8             4         17            1          17            100
  20 – 24        1,176         233          277            53        152          16          165            280
  25 – 29        1,812         558          592            76        196          19          230            141
  30 – 34          548         123          178            27         65            4          64             87
  35 – 39          286           46          99            22         34            6          29             50
  40 – 44          187           25          37            14         25            9          32             45
  45 – 49          125           10          16             8         10          11           34             36
  50 – 54           87            5           7             4         12          13           21             25
  55 – 59           32            1            -            2          1            2            9            17
 60 & over          16            -           1              -         1            1            1            12




58 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                         Singapore Department of Statistics
    Table A1.52        Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
                     and Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                Number
                                           Educational Qualification of Grooms
        Age Group
         (Years)                     Primary                      Upper
                            Total                 Secondary                   Polytechnic    University
                                     or Lower                   Secondary

           Total            4,418       276          1,306         1,520            839          477
         Under 20              42         6             26            10              -             -
         20 – 24              506        27            178           225            51             25
         25 – 29            1,883        33            372           752            497          229
         30 – 34              878        39            229           298            192          120
         35 – 39              428        34            164           123            54             53
         40 – 44              260        47            104            59            25             25
         45 – 49              190        32            107            26            10             15
         50 – 54              112        28             56            18              8             2
         55 – 59               64        13             38              7             2             4
        60 & over              55        17             32              2             -             4


                                              Educational Qualification of Brides
                                     Primary                      Upper
                            Total                 Secondary                   Polytechnic    University
                                     or Lower                   Secondary

           Total            4,418       285          1,383         1,126            937          687
         Under 20             149        13             98            33              4             1
         20 – 24            1,176        46            365           398            259          108
         25 – 29            1,812        41            353           481            531          406
         30 – 34              548        29            193           120            94           112
         35 – 39              286        28            136            49            35             38
         40 – 44              187        31            104            25            12             15
         45 – 49              125        34             73            12              1             5
         50 – 54               87        39             40              6             1             1
         55 – 59               32        14             15              2             -             1
        60 & over              16        10               6             -             -             -




Singapore Department of Statistics                            Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 59
           Table A1.53 Marriages under Administration of Muslim Law Act Law by
                    Educational Qualification of Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                                 Number

      Educational                                        Educational Qualification of Brides
      Qualification                          Primary                            Upper
       of Grooms               Total                         Secondary                        Polytechnic    University
                                             or Lower                         Secondary

          Total               4,418               285           1,383            1,126               937         687
    Primary or Lower             276               99              130               35                5            7
       Secondary              1,306               126              773              190              150           67
    Upper Secondary           1,520                43              309              729              305         134
       Polytechnic               839               13              117              133              374         202
        University               477                 4              54               39              103         277




     Table A1.54           Resident Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                 Ethnic Group of Couple, 2001 – 2011
                                                                                                                  Number

          Year                  Total*              Malays               Indians             Others         Inter-ethnic


          2001                  3,985                2,911                208                   18              848
          2002                  3,925                2,837                210                   25              853
          2003                  3,863                2,749                198                   26              890
          2004                  4,086                2,816                189                   48            1,033
          2005                  3,936                2,540                179                  104            1,113
          2006                  3,941                2,472                165                  106            1,198
          2007                  4,103                2,598                169                  116            1,220
          2008                  4,198                2,593                191                  115            1,298
          2009                  4,002                2,389                182                  118            1,313
          2010                  4,115                2,380                174                  190            1,371
          2011                  4,399                2,633                177                  174            1,415


   * Total in 2008 includes marriages where the ethnic group of grooms or brides was not reported.

   Note: Resident marriage refers to a marriage where either or both the groom and bride are residents. Resident population
         comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.




60 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                    Singapore Department of Statistics
    Table A1.55 Marriages under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group
           and Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms and Brides, 2011
                                                                                                 Number
                                        Educational Qualification of Resident Grooms
         Age Group
          (Years)                     Primary                     Upper
                              Total               Secondary                   Polytechnic    University
                                      or Lower                  Secondary

            Total            4,171      269         1,257          1,485           806           354
          Under 20              42         6           26             10                -           -
           20 – 24             475       25           169            221            47            13
           25 – 29           1,806       30           359            743           486           188
           30 – 34             810       37           217            287           181            88
           35 – 39             400       34           158            119            51            38
           40 – 44             240       47           102             55            24            12
           45 – 49             181       32           105             25                9         10
           50 – 54             107       28            55             18                6           -
           55 – 59              59       13            36              5                2           3
          60 & over             51       17            30              2                -           2


                                         Educational Qualification of Resident Brides
                                      Primary                     Upper
                              Total               Secondary                   Polytechnic    University
                                      or Lower                  Secondary

            Total            4,117      245         1,273          1,091           919           589
          Under 20             145       12            96             33                4           -
           20 – 24           1,115       44           346            386           251            88
           25 – 29           1,714       31           318            471           527           367
           30 – 34             485       22           168            112            91            92
           35 – 39             251       19           122             48            32            30
           40 – 44             161       26            94             21            12              8
           45 – 49             120       32            72             12                1           3
           50 – 54              83       38            37              6                1           1
           55 – 59              29       13            14              2                -           -
          60 & over             14         8             6              -               -           -




Singapore Department of Statistics                           Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 61
       Tables on
Divorces and Annulments




                          ► 63
                              Table A2.1         Total Divorces, 1980 – 2011

                                                                                              Resident General
                                                                       Resident                 Divorce Rate*
                        Total Divorces & Annulments                  Crude Divorce           (Per 1,000 Married
     Year                                                                Rate*                 Residents Aged
                                                                      (Per 1,000              20 Years & Over)
                                                                      Residents)
                      Total          Divorces       Annulments                               Males         Females

     1980            1,721             1,551             170                0.8                3.7            3.8
     1985            2,344             2,048             296                0.9                4.5            4.6
     1990            3,634             3,150             484                1.3                6.1            6.1


     1991            4,419             3,813             606                1.6                7.0            7.1
     1992            3,944             3,567             377                1.4                6.2            6.2
     1993            3,966             3,826             140                1.4                6.0            6.1
     1994            3,742             3,555             187                1.3                5.5            5.5
     1995            4,286             4,098             188                1.4                6.1            6.1


     1996            4,625             4,447             178                1.5                6.4            6.6
     1997            4,866             4,665             201                1.6                6.6            6.6
     1998            5,640             5,378             262                1.8                7.5            7.5
     1999            5,314             5,065             249                1.6                6.9            7.0
     2000            5,137             4,920             217                1.6                6.5            6.5


     2001            5,071             4,819             252                1.5                6.3            6.4
     2002            5,809             5,522             287                1.7                7.1            7.2
     2003            6,368             6,100             268                1.9                7.8            7.9
     2004            6,188             5,850             338                1.8                7.1            6.9
     2005            6,721             6,393             328                1.9                7.7            7.5

     2006            6,904             6,527             377                1.9                7.7            7.4
     2007            7,110             6,697             413                2.0                7.7            7.4
     2008            7,134             6,771             363                1.9                7.5            7.3
     2009            7,280             6,927             353                1.9                7.5            7.1
     2010            7,338             6,969             369                1.9                7.5            7.2

     2011            7,604             7,234             370                2.0                7.6            7.2

 * Data include annulments. From 2004 onwards, data are based on divorces and annulments where either or both
   spouses are residents. Resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
 Note: Data on divorces for 1994-2010 and data on annulments for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion
       of new information from administrative data sources.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                 Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 65
                 Table A2.2          Age-Sex Specific Divorce Rate, 1980 – 2011
                                                                                 Per 1,000 Married Resident Males
                                                  Age Group of Males (Years)
    Year
                    20-24          25-29         30-34         35-39          40-44         45-49       50 & over

    1980              5.9            6.9           6.5            4.4           3.8           2.1            0.8
    1985             13.3            9.5           7.8            5.6           3.9           2.7            1.1
    1990             13.4          13.3           10.6            7.5           5.7           4.1            1.6

    1991             23.8          16.1           11.5            9.0           6.8           4.6            1.9
    1992             16.9          13.3            9.7            7.8           6.4           4.5            2.0
    1993             12.7          13.9           10.0            7.9           6.2           4.5            1.9
    1994             16.6          11.7            9.1            7.0           5.6           4.5            1.7
    1995             14.9          12.0            9.7            8.4           6.6           5.5            2.0


    1996             16.2          12.4            9.7            8.7           7.1           5.7            2.3
    1997             21.3          14.1           10.9            8.7           6.7           5.5            2.5
    1998             27.7          18.9           11.7            9.9           7.6           6.1            3.1
    1999             32.4          15.6           11.2            9.2           7.4           5.9            2.7
    2000             25.9          14.1           10.6            8.9           6.8           5.7            2.6


    2001             30.2          15.1           11.3            7.9           6.9           5.6            2.4
    2002             43.0          17.9           13.8          10.7            7.1           5.7            2.7
    2003             30.0          20.5           14.0          11.5            8.3           6.5            3.2
    2004             37.2          21.0           14.8            9.4           7.5           5.6            2.9
    2005             32.1          20.9           15.9          11.7            7.7           6.4            3.0

    2006             32.7          21.0           16.2          11.8            8.2           6.7            3.1
    2007             35.7          20.2           16.0          11.9            8.5           6.8            3.2
    2008             32.9          19.1           16.0          12.3            8.7           6.6            3.1
    2009             27.3          17.4           15.1          12.5            9.2           7.2            3.3
    2010             24.9          16.3           14.6          12.5            9.6           7.5            3.3

    2011             26.6          20.3           14.0          12.7           10.0           7.7            3.5

Notes:
1) Data include annulments. From 2004 onwards, data are based on divorces and annulments where either or both spouses
   are residents. Resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
2) Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
   sources.




66 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                 Singapore Department of Statistics
            Table A2.2        Age-Sex Specific Divorce Rate, 1980 – 2011 (cont’d)
                                                                           Per 1,000 Married Resident Females
                                               Age Group of Females (Years)
     Year
                  20-24          25-29         30-34         35-39         40-44          45-49       50 & over

     1980            7.6           6.9           5.5           3.5            2.2           1.0           0.5
     1985          12.7            9.4           6.0           4.2            2.6           2.1           0.6
     1990          13.9          12.8            8.4           6.1            4.5           2.7           0.8

     1991          19.0          14.5           10.2           7.4            5.2           3.9           1.1
     1992          16.2          12.2            8.6           6.8            5.1           3.6           1.2
     1993          17.4          11.5            9.1           6.6            4.8           3.6           1.2
     1994          15.9          10.3            7.8           6.1            5.0           3.2           1.1
     1995          15.6          11.1            8.6           7.5            5.5           4.0           1.4


     1996          17.0          11.8            9.3           7.5            6.3           4.7           1.4
     1997          20.2          13.9            9.3           7.3            5.6           4.5           1.9
     1998          29.0          14.8           11.0           8.3            6.7           5.7           2.1
     1999          23.5          14.0           10.1           7.9            6.4           4.8           2.0
     2000          20.7          13.2            9.8           7.4            5.8           4.6           1.9


     2001          24.8          14.4            9.2           7.3            5.6           4.5           1.9
     2002          28.6          16.6           12.0           8.4            6.4           4.7           2.0
     2003          27.1          17.4           12.8           9.8            7.0           5.0           2.5
     2004          27.9          16.3           12.2           7.9            6.1           4.4           2.1
     2005          25.7          19.2           13.6           8.8            6.5           5.0           2.3


     2006          28.1          17.3           14.0           9.2            6.8           4.8           2.3
     2007          28.5          18.0           13.5           9.7            6.7           5.0           2.5
     2008          28.1          16.8           14.0          10.0            7.0           5.4           2.2
     2009          22.5          15.0           13.2          10.7            7.2           5.8           2.3
     2010          24.4          15.0           12.8          10.7            7.9           6.2           2.4

     2011          27.8          17.8           12.0          11.0            8.5           6.2           2.4

 Notes:
 1) Data include annulments. From 2004 onwards, data are based on divorces and annulments where either or both
    spouses are residents. Resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
 2) Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
    sources.




Singapore Department of Statistics                              Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 67
       Table A2.3          Total Divorces by Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011

                                         Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)                                          Median
Year                Under                                                                             60 &       Un-    Age
          Total               25-29     30-34      35-39     40-44     45-49     50-54      55-59                     (Years)
                     25                                                                               over      known


1980      1,551          52      290       440        229       200         96        51        33        31       129      34.0
1985      2,048          83      353       560        447       211       143         83        49        47         72     34.8
1990      3,150          72      466       864        702       481       222       149         69        61         64     35.9


1991      3,813          74      478       956        945       659       263       185         99        79         75     36.7
1992      3,567          64      431       838        840       625       294       214        109        78         74     37.2
1993      3,826          60      533       915        902       644       340       214         97        75         46     37.0
1994      3,555          72      418       850        818       602       373       195         95        75         57     37.3
1995      4,098          55      425       884        965       711       498       207        138        89       126      38.2


1996      4,447          69      451       925     1,025        805       557       238        155        95       127      38.4
1997      4,665          92      478     1,011     1,021        768       542       276        166       142       169      38.2
1998      5,378          82      572     1,084     1,166        922       633       397        203       147       172      38.7
1999      5,065          81      524       976     1,084        896       627       355        174       144       204      38.9
2000      4,920          98      517       905     1,045        831       615       381        155       155       218      39.0


2001      4,819          90      494       944        948       865       625       368        160       154       171      39.0
2002      5,522          92      520     1,055     1,257        888       666       429        185       173       257      38.7
2003      6,100        127       565     1,143     1,289     1,044        774       487        264       186       221      39.2
2004      5,850        138       547     1,245     1,123        992       709       473        283       193       147      39.0
2005      6,393        125       560     1,380     1,351     1,038        841       518        328       230         22     39.1


2006      6,527        126       532     1,339     1,364     1,109        907       559        356       223         12     39.6
2007      6,697        122       518     1,371     1,394     1,130        914       593        369       283          3     39.8
2008      6,771        106       528     1,333     1,417     1,155        915       641        380       274         22     39.9
2009      6,927          85      468     1,268     1,515     1,171      1,002       672        430       300         16     40.5
2010      6,969          72      452     1,209     1,486     1,215      1,032       717        423       350         13     41.0


2011      7,234          73      527     1,114     1,516     1,277      1,084       777        473       392          1     41.3

Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data sources.




   68 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                       Singapore Department of Statistics
Table A2.3           Total Divorces by Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 (cont’d)

                                       Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)                                              Median
Year               Under                                                                              60 &      Un-         Age
         Total               25-29     30-34      35-39     40-44     45-49      50-54     55-59                          (Years)
                    25                                                                                over     known


1980     1,551        216       424       406        185       109         40        24          8        10       129      30.8
1985     2,048        276       562       510        332       132       103         29         22        12        70      31.4
1990     3,150        259       807       827        585       360       137         67         27        16        65      32.6


1991     3,813        259       858     1,045        764       453       201        101         39        17        76      33.6
1992     3,567        225       771       901        749       456       212        107         46        27        73      34.1
1993     3,826        289       813     1,018        765       469       241        113         48        24        46      33.8
1994     3,555        275       704       884        729       490       240         96         55        25        57      34.3
1995     4,098        251       765       963        880       562       321        142         60        27       127      35.0


1996     4,447        273       799     1,025        906       678       412        124         70        31       129      35.3
1997     4,665        288       940     1,025        893       622       398        195         91        46       167      35.0
1998     5,378        336       959     1,221     1,022        761       517        238       109         44       171      35.4
1999     5,065        282       922     1,124        975       745       441        226         93        51       206      35.4
2000     4,920        321       896     1,041        913       685       444        264         81        61       214      35.5


2001     4,819        293       938       975        911       673       460        236       102         58       173      35.5
2002     5,522        283       971     1,246     1,025        765       502        268       117         66       279      35.6
2003     6,100        384       990     1,359     1,158        857       556        365       138         69       224      35.7
2004     5,850        371       938     1,416     1,009        792       513        296       151         96       268      35.3
2005     6,393        350     1,080     1,628     1,152        865       618        360       201       107         32      35.4


2006     6,527        359     1,038     1,653     1,215        946       608        379       203       113         13      35.7
2007     6,697        339     1,039     1,647     1,322        921       645        426       219       132           7     36.1
2008     6,771        316     1,040     1,614     1,351        965       719        413       201       131         21      36.3
2009     6,927        266       955     1,594     1,501        991       773        447       239       147         14      36.9
2010     6,969        246       935     1,548     1,469      1,055       817        455       249       182         13      37.4


2011     7,234        236     1,027     1,458     1,559      1,156       840        494       250       213           1     37.7

Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data sources.




   Singapore Department of Statistics                                    Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 69
           Table A2.4          Total Divorces by Duration of Marriage, 1980 – 2011

                                         Duration of Marriage (Years)                                       Median
  Year                   Under                                                                   30 &       Duration
              Total                   5-9        10-14       15-19      20-24       25-29                   (Years)
                           5                                                                     over

  1980        1,551         272         617         320        165         102          46          29          8.7
  1985        2,048         477         698         445        208         106          62          52          8.8
  1990        3,150         582      1,134          634        454         194          73          79          9.2


  1991        3,813         635      1,280          806        647         232         113         100        10.0
  1992        3,567         644      1,095          767        586         262         104         109        10.3
  1993        3,826         824      1,166          771        579         277         123          86          9.6
  1994        3,555         771      1,007          756        494         321         116          90        10.0
  1995        4,098         799      1,151          845        579         433         164         127        10.5


  1996        4,447         911      1,286          823        612         503         191         121        10.2
  1997        4,665         984      1,377          786        645         472         205         196          9.9
  1998        5,378       1,145      1,592          921        722         535         258         205          9.8
  1999        5,065       1,064      1,513          892        652         464         303         177          9.8
  2000        4,920       1,083      1,454          856        604         394         327         202          9.6


  2001        4,819         989      1,529          774        578         464         292         193          9.5
  2002        5,522       1,119      1,750       1,012         651         459         326         205          9.6
  2003        6,100       1,283      1,869       1,118         699         523         351         257          9.6
  2004        5,850       1,089      2,046       1,041         612         447         329         286          9.2
  2005        6,393       1,195      2,236       1,108         708         483         312         351          9.3


  2006        6,527       1,212      2,212       1,209         710         511         320         353          9.6
  2007        6,697       1,164      2,326       1,228         757         488         363         371          9.6
  2008        6,771       1,163      2,280       1,228         822         567         357         354          9.9
  2009        6,927       1,218      2,200       1,342         843         549         373         402        10.1
  2010        6,969       1,174      2,129       1,394         878         558         422         414        10.6


  2011        7,234       1,322      2,191       1,319         990         627         371         414        10.5

Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
      sources.




70 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                   Singapore Department of Statistics
              Table A2.5           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                                        Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011

                                         Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)                                          Median
 Year               Under                                                                              60 &      Un-    Age
           Total               25-29     30-34     35-39      40-44     45-49     50-54     55-59                     (Years)
                     25                                                                                over     known


 1980     1,046         11       148       330        161       140         71        26        20        10       129       34.4
 1985     1,310           9      161       394        338       157         91        51        25        12        72       35.7
 1990     2,178         11       233       595        547       372       173       107         47        29        64       36.8


 1991     2,792         17       277       688        731       529       217       147         73        38        75       37.3
 1992     2,565         14       241       584        651       506       217       162         73        43        74       37.9
 1993     2,602         14       309       607        621       482       263       161         59        40        46       37.8
 1994     2,503         18       233       553        600       471       308       159         64        40        57       38.3
 1995     3,127         21       293       640        755       562       406       164       106         54       126       38.6


 1996     3,368         20       301       658        788       640       463       193       121         57       127       39.1
 1997     3,475         24       313       715        741       602       439       232       139        101       169       39.1
 1998     3,924         26       370       762        827       683       512       317       163         92       172       39.3
 1999     3,521         16       320       659        746       648       462       257       130         79       204       39.5
 2000     3,336         21       293       621        697       550       452       282       119         83       218       39.5


 2001     3,491         19       306       696        688       619       467       291       127        107       171       39.5
 2002     4,006         19       323       786        881       624       509       338       151        118       257       39.2
 2003     4,188         30       329       762        874       705       566       359       214        128       221       39.9
 2004     4,193         27       322       901        784       727       545       367       232        141       147       40.0
 2005     4,703         25       342     1,039     1,035        755       635       410       268        172        22       39.5


 2006     4,745         22       296       973     1,048        797       685       443       282        187        12       40.1
 2007     5,102         32       311     1,060     1,118        874       692       472       314        226          3      40.1
 2008     5,170         29       325     1,026     1,133        871       720       513       301        230        22       40.4
 2009     5,416         26       266     1,000     1,231        922       798       555       363        241        14       40.9
 2010     5,433         25       266       919     1,194        960       815       594       360        291          9      41.5


 2011     5,696         32       341       858     1,211     1,026        883       624       397        323          1      41.6

Note: Data for 2004-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data sources.




   Singapore Department of Statistics                                     Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 71
               Table A2.5          Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and
                                    Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 (cont’d)

                                        Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)                                               Median
 Year               Under                                                                              60 &       Un-         Age
           Total               25-29     30-34     35-39      40-44     45-49     50-54     55-59                           (Years)
                     25                                                                                over      known


1980      1,046         73       282       293        136        83         27        16          3         4      129       31.4
1985      1,310         68       370       379        237        92         66        14        12          2        70      32.1
1990      2,178         79       506       649        430       281       101         43        15          9        65      33.5


1991      2,792         97       582       824        596       352       154         75        24         12        76      34.1
1992      2,565         87       518       676        568       357       162         79        31         14        73      34.8
1993      2,602        119       531       719        547       346       169         81        30         14        46      34.2
1994      2,503        105       474       616        559       386       189         67        38         12        57      35.2
1995      3,127        132       591       722        691       445       246       111         49         13      127       35.4


1996      3,368        124       603       778        707       524       332         97        58         16      129       35.8
1997      3,475        131       662       760        686       487       318       155         75         34      167       35.7
1998      3,924        159       671       892        746       573       400       194         93         25      171       35.8
1999      3,521        107       635       796        688       511       325       158         64         31      206       35.8
2000      3,336        111       604       730        593       485       325       182         57         35      214       35.9


2001      3,491        103       672       750        657       479       358       181         78         40      173       36.0
2002      4,006         88       701       944        732       544       383       208         86         41      279       35.8
2003      4,188        138       641       975        798       586       394       276        112         44      224       36.2
2004      4,193        127       612     1,060        737       584       384       235        117         69      268       35.9
2005      4,703        136       769     1,271        872       630       475       270        161         87        32      35.7


2006      4,745        110       705     1,298        919       699       442       295        171         93        13      36.2
2007      5,102        124       744     1,336     1,064        695       484       358        179       111          7      36.4
2008      5,170        133       745     1,291     1,084        749       552       337        145       113         21      36.5
2009      5,416        106       686     1,307     1,241        795       580       368        198       123         12      37.2
2010      5,433        114       654     1,230     1,201        844       640       375        205       158         12      37.7


2011      5,696        112       744     1,182     1,280        934       658       397        209       179          1      37.9

Note: Data for 2004-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data sources.




    72 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                        Singapore Department of Statistics
     Table A2.6          Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
                                          1980 – 2011

                                            Duration of Marriage (Years)                                  Median
      Year                    Under                                                             30 &      Duration
                    Total                  5-9      10-14      15-19      20-24      25-29                (Years)
                                5                                                               over

      1980          1,046         87        474        226        128         74         32         25        9.5
      1985          1,310        146        512        359        141         73         45         34       10.0
      1990          2,178        208        833        519        370       143          52         53       10.4


      1991          2,792        265      1,005        646        524       189          91         72       10.8
      1992          2,565        282        837        588        497       204          71         86       11.2
      1993          2,602        368        855        573        444       219          83         60       10.6
      1994          2,503        394        720        575        398       266          85         65       11.2
      1995          3,127        472        900        654        490       365        139        107        11.2


      1996          3,368        534      1,000        627        524       435        151          97       11.1
      1997          3,475        547      1,062        599        517       416        166        168        11.0
      1998          3,924        686      1,191        667        546       453        223        158        10.6
      1999          3,521        620      1,084        639        464       352        231        131        10.4
      2000          3,336        553      1,054        596        415       300        261        157        10.5


      2001          3,491        533      1,204        570        434       365        233        152        10.0
      2002          4,006        624      1,365        737        479       359        276        166        10.1
      2003          4,188        611      1,407        811        475       385        294        205        10.4
      2004          4,193        534      1,576        780        456       344        268        235         9.9
      2005          4,703        630      1,783        860        511       359        260        300         9.8


      2006          4,745        626      1,720        933        530       393        244        299        10.1
      2007          5,102        655      1,882        990        585       377        291        322        10.0
      2008          5,170        646      1,845        972        651       457        292        307        10.4
      2009          5,416        754      1,805     1,112         672       424        304        345        10.5
      2010          5,433        759      1,708     1,104         701       447        354        360        11.0


      2011          5,696        904      1,728     1,103         803       506        294        358        11.1

 Note: Data for 2004-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
       sources.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                 Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 73
   Table A2.7           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
                                          1980 – 2011
                                                                                                                    Number

    Year               Total*              Chinese               Indians               Others             Inter-ethnic


    1980               1,046                   926                    62                    13                     45
    1985               1,310                 1,125                   106                    10                     69
    1990               2,178                 1,920                   144                    20                     94


    1991               2,792                 2,502                   144                    13                     133
    1992               2,565                 2,232                   185                    16                     132
    1993               2,602                 2,293                   161                    33                     115
    1994               2,503                 2,161                   188                    22                     132
    1995               3,127                 2,689                   237                    21                     180


    1996               3,368                 2,838                   282                    66                     182
    1997               3,475                 2,998                   240                    19                     218
    1998               3,924                 3,346                   309                    28                     241
    1999               3,521                 2,897                   228                  197                      199
    2000               3,336                 2,714                   193                  223                      206


    2001               3,491                 2,882                   210                  181                      218
    2002               4,006                 3,235                   233                  253                      285
    2003               4,188                 3,425                   264                  228                      271
    2004               4,193                 3,350                   252                    18                     215
    2005               4,703                 3,969                   302                    37                     344


    2006               4,745                 3,968                   339                    32                     381
    2007               5,102                 4,250                   353                    44                     442
    2008               5,170                 4,333                   344                    49                     428
    2009               5,416                 4,493                   361                    54                     493
    2010               5,433                 4,446                   366                    64                     546


    2011               5,696                 4,595                   408                    82                     602

* For 2004 onwards, Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.
Note: Data for 2004-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
      sources.




74 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                     Singapore Department of Statistics
   Table A2.8           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
                                   January – December 2011
                                                                                                                    Number

   Month                Total*              Chinese                Indians               Others             Inter-ethnic


    Total                5,696                 4,595                   408                       82                602

  January                  400                   325                    28                        5                 42
  February                 456                   361                    38                        5                 51
   March                   549                   452                    40                        7                 48

    April                  492                   386                    35                        8                 63
    May                    464                   384                    23                        6                 49
    June                   462                   367                    39                        6                 50

   July                    516                   409                    39                        9                 59
 August                    470                   372                    31                       14                 52
September                  471                   385                    33                        2                 51

  October                  431                   345                    31                        2                 51
 November                  517                   424                    35                       11                 47
 December                  468                   385                    36                        7                 39

* Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.




 Table A2.9          Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status and
                                Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                                                   Number
        Previous
     Marital Status of             Total*           Chinese            Indians            Others           Inter-ethnic
         Couple
  Total*                           5,696            4,595                 408                    82              602

  Single man &
    Single woman                   5,111            4,143                 375                    74              511
    Divorced woman                   169              131                   7                     2               29
    Widowed woman                      5                4                   1                     -                -

  Divorced man &
    Single woman                     144               118                   2                    -                23
    Divorced woman                    65                51                   5                    1                 8
    Widowed woman                      4                 3                   1                    -                 -

  Widowed man &
   Single woman                       14                11                   2                    -                  1
   Divorced woman                      4                 4                   -                    -                  -
   Widowed woman                       1                 1                   -                    -                  -


 * Total includes divorces where the previous marital status or ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                   Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 75
             Table A2.10 Inter-ethnic Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by
                    Ethnic Group of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                               Number
Ethnic Group                                  Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees
   of Male
 Divorcees        Total       Chinese          Indians          Eurasians Caucasians       Malays             Others


   Total           602            158                30             14           17               81            302
  Chinese          341              -                 8              8           11               57            257
  Indians            69           41                  -              1            2               10             15
 Eurasians           31           14                  6              -            1                2              8
Caucasians         101            61                  8              5             -               8             19
  Malays             20           14                  2              -            1                -              3
  Others             40           28                  6              -            2                4              -




           Table A2.11      Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of
                              Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                              Number
 Age Group of                               Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
    Male
  Divorcees               Under                                                                        60 &     Un-
                 Total          25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59
   (Years)                 25                                                                          over    known


     Total       5,696     112     744 1,182 1,280                934    658      397      209          179       1

   Under 25         32      23          8        1          -        -     -           -      -           -           -
    25 – 29        341      48     224          49        14        4      1           1      -           -           -
    30 – 34        858      18     287         446        89       16      1           -      1           -           -
    35 – 39      1,211        8    130         438        541      76     15           3      -           -           -
    40 – 44      1,026        5     46         147        396     365     56        10        -           1           -
    45 – 49        883        5     26          56        154     323    262        48        7           2           -

    50 – 54        624        3     13          26        56      102    230      165       26            3           -
    55 – 59        397        1         6       13        23       26     64      136      106           22           -
   60 & over       323        1         4        6          7      22     29        34      68          151       1
   Unknown            1       -         -        -          -        -     -           -      1           -           -




 76 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                               Singapore Department of Statistics
           Table A2.12          Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group,
                              Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                         Number
                                                   Ethnic Group of Male Divorcees
   Age Group
    (Years)
                            Total*                   Chinese                   Indians             Others


      Total                  5,696                    4,939                        477               275

   Under 25                     32                        26                          6                 -
    25 – 29                    341                       285                        45                 11
    30 – 34                    858                       760                        73                 25
    35 – 39                  1,211                    1,060                         96                 54
    40 – 44                  1,026                       858                        86                 79
    45 – 49                    883                       767                        75                 40
    50 – 54                    624                       532                        58                 34
    55 – 59                    397                       362                        21                 14

   60 & over                   323                       289                        17                 17
   Unknown                        1                          -                        -                 1

                                                  Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees

                            Total*                   Chinese                   Indians             Others


      Total                  5,696                    4,755                        438               497

   Under 25                    112                        85                        15                 12
    25 – 29                    744                       580                        65                 98

    30 – 34                  1,182                       977                        86               117
    35 – 39                  1,280                    1,067                         89               124
    40 – 44                    934                       794                        72                 66
    45 – 49                    658                       554                        55                 49
    50 – 54                    397                       351                        34                 12
    55 – 59                    209                       187                          9                12
   60 & over                   179                       159                        13                  7
   Unknown                        1                         1                         -                 -

 * Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                  Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 77
          Table A2.13 Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group,
                 Previous Marital Status and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                              Number
                                         Previous Marital Status of Male Divorcees
     Age Group
      (Years)
                            Total           Single       Divorced       Widowed          Unknown


        Total              5,696           5,314           220               21              141

      Under 25                 32             31                 -               -              1
       25 – 29               341             333                 1               -              7
       30 – 34               858             830                 8               -            20
       35 – 39             1,211           1,166            20                   2            23
       40 – 44             1,026             957            39                   1            29
       45 – 49               883             805            49                   3            26
       50 – 54               624             568            39                   2            15
       55 – 59               397             357            24                   5            11

      60 & over              323             266            40                   8              9
      Unknown                   1                 1              -               -              -

                                        Previous Marital Status of Female Divorcees

                            Total           Single       Divorced       Widowed          Unknown


        Total              5,696           5,303          244              11                138

      Under 25               112             108            1                -                  3
       25 – 29               744             715            6               1                 22

       30 – 34             1,182           1,128           28                -                26
       35 – 39             1,280           1,196           58               1                 25
       40 – 44               934             845           54               2                 33
       45 – 49               658             596           47               2                 13
       50 – 54               397             357           31               2                   7
       55 – 59               209             193           12                -                  4
      60 & over              179             164            7               3                   5
      Unknown                   1                 1          -               -                  -




78 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                      Singapore Department of Statistics
      Table A2.14            Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age at Marriage of
                                 Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                               Number

  Age at Marriage                               Age at Marriage of Female Divorcees (Years)
 of Male Divorcees
                                        Under                                                         40 &      Un-
      (Years)                Total                   20-24        25-29       30-34       35-39
                                         20                                                           over     known

         Total              5,696          431       2,308        1,917          668           242     129         1
      Under 20                  72             51        17              3         1              -      -         -
       20 – 24              1,242          235         822             146        32              6      1         -
       25 – 29              2,260              96      990        1,013          135             19      6         1
       30 – 34              1,154              23      325             486       264             43     13         -
       35 – 39                 479             12        92            161       129             69     16         -
      40 & over                488             14        62            108       106           105      93         -
      Unknown                     1             -          -             -         1              -      -         -




        Table A2.15           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Age at Marriage,
                              Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                               Number
    Age at Marriage                                      Ethnic Group of Male Divorcees
        (Years)                       Total*                Chinese                 Indians              Others

          Total                       5,696                    4,939                   477                   275
        Under 20                         72                      61                       9                    2
         20 – 24                      1,242                    1,101                   114                   26
         25 – 29                      2,260                    2,011                   169                   80
         30 – 34                      1,154                     945                    117                   88
         35 – 39                       479                      405                      36                  38
        40 & over                      488                      416                      32                  40
        Unknown                           1                        -                       -                   1
                                                       Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees
                                      Total*                Chinese                 Indians              Others

          Total                       5,696                    4,755                   438                   497
        Under 20                       431                      361                      40                  30
         20 – 24                      2,308                    1,927                   194                   183
         25 – 29                      1,917                    1,638                   118                   160
         30 – 34                       668                      527                      45                  96
         35 – 39                       242                      194                      30                  18
        40 & over                      129                      107                      11                  10
        Unknown                           1                       1                        -                   -

* Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.



Singapore Department of Statistics                                      Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 79
  Table A2.16           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage and
                                  Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011

 Duration of Marriage
                                   Total*           Chinese             Indians            Others            Inter-ethnic
       (Years)

           Total                   5,696              4,595                408                    82              602
         Under 5                     904                691                  69                   14              130
           5–9                     1,728              1,365                113                    20              226
         10 – 14                   1,103                859                  93                   23              125
         15 – 19                     803                656                  62                   12               71
         20 – 24                     506                434                  35                   10               27
         25 – 29                     294                259                  18                    2               15
        30 & over                    358                331                  18                    1                8

   Median Duration                   11.1               11.5               11.2                  11.1             8.6
       (Years)

* Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.




  Table A2.17           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage and
                              Number of Dependent Children, 2011
                                                                                                                  Number
     Duration of                         Number of Dependent Children under 18 Years of Age
      Marriage
      (Years)                Total              0                1                2                 3          4 & over


        Total                5,696            2,828            1,545           1,070                220             33
      Under 5                  904              630              222               48                    3            1
        5–9                  1,728              967              494              240                   24            3
       10 – 14               1,103              354              355              314                   72            8
       15 – 19                 803              168              209              314                   93          19
       20 – 24                 506              178              167              134                   25            2
       25 – 29                 294              190               83               18                    3              -
     30 & over                 358              341               15                  2                  -              -




80 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                       Singapore Department of Statistics
    Table A2.18         Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
                           Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                   Number
  Duration of                                Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)
   Marriage                     Under                                                      50 &      Un-
   (Years)            Total                25-29   30-34     35-39     40-44    45-49
                                 25                                                        over     known


      Total           5,696          32     341      858     1,211    1,026       883     1,344         1
    Under 5             904          25     195      289       178        95       56        66          -
      5–9             1,728            7    143      494       574      252       119       139          -
    10 – 14           1,103            -      3       75       401      337       160       127          -
    15 – 19             803            -       -        -       54      283       285       181          -
    20 – 24             506            -       -        -        4        58      206       237         1
    25 – 29             294            -       -        -         -        1       56       237          -
   30 & over            358            -       -        -         -         -        1      357          -

                                             Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
                                Under                                                      50 &     Un-
                      Total                25-29   30-34     35-39     40-44    45-49
                                 25                                                        over    known

      Total           5,696          112    744    1,182     1,280      934       658       785         1
    Under 5             904          82     341      275       122        55       20         9          -
      5–9             1,728          30     379      683       426      139        51        20          -
    10 – 14           1,103            -     24      215       515      223        75        51          -
    15 – 19             803            -       -        9      207      368       148        71          -
    20 – 24             506            -       -        -       10      143       232       121          -
    25 – 29             294            -       -        -         -        6      126       162          -
   30 & over            358            -       -        -         -         -        6      351         1




Singapore Department of Statistics                          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 81
    Table A2.19           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by (A) Duration of Marriage;
                           (B) Plaintiff; and Main Reason for Divorce, 2011
                                                                                                                   Number
                                                      Live Apart /      Unreasonable
                                      Total                                                      Desertion     Adultery
                                                      Separated          Behaviour

            Total                     5,696               2,675              2,809                   112           100

  Duration of Marriage
         (Years)
        Under 5                         904                 239                 603                   49            13
             5–9                      1,728                 810                 852                   36            30
           10 – 14                    1,103                 539                 536                   12            16
           15 – 19                      803                 405                 370                    6            22
           20 – 24                      506                 269                 224                    4              9
           25 – 29                      294                 171                 119                    1              3
          30 & over                     358                 242                 105                    4              7


           Plaintiff
          Husband                     2,010               1,156                 751                   76            27
             Wife                     3,686               1,519              2,058                    36            73




    Table A2.20           Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Main Reason for Divorce
                                 and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                                                   Number
      Main Reason
                                    Total*             Chinese             Indians               Others      Inter-ethnic
       for Divorce

           Total                     5,696              4,595                 408                    82           602

Live Apart / Separated               2,675              2,221                 174                    30           246
      Unreasonable
                                     2,809              2,207                 225                    49           323
       Behaviour
        Desertion                      112                  81                   3                    2            26

         Adultery                      100                  86                   6                    1             7

* Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.




 82 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                       Singapore Department of Statistics
 Table A2.21         Divorces under the Women‟s Charter by Main Reason for Divorce,
                           Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                Number
                                              Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)
    Main Reason
     for Divorce                     Under                                              50 &     Un-
                           Total             25-29   30-34   35-39   40-44    45-49
                                      25                                                over    known

         Total             5,696       32     341     858    1,211   1,026      883    1,344         1

Live Apart / Separated     2,675       12     124     349     534      459      419      777         1
    Unreasonable
                           2,809       17     201     479     640      531      422      519         -
     Behaviour
      Desertion              112        3      13      13      15       15       23       30         -

       Adultery              100        -       3      17      22       21       19       18         -


                                             Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
                                     Under                                              50 &     Un-
                           Total             25-29   30-34   35-39   40-44    45-49
                                      25                                                over    known

         Total             5,696      112     744    1,182   1,280     934      658      785         1

Live Apart / Separated     2,675       34     286     514     575      438      336      491         1
    Unreasonable
                           2,809       73     428     611     659      465      300      273         -
     Behaviour
      Desertion              112        5      22      32      22       14       11         6        -

       Adultery              100        -       8      25      24       17       11       15         -




Singapore Department of Statistics                       Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 83
             Table A2.22 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                        Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011

                                         Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)                                               Median
Year                Under                                                                              60 &      Un-         Age
          Total               25-29     30-34      35-39     40-44     45-49      50-54      55-59                         (Years)
                     25                                                                                over     known


1980        505         41       142       110         68        60        25         25        13        21           -     32.0
1985        738         74       192       166       109         54        52         32        24        35           -     32.8
1990        972         61       233       269       155        109        49         42        22        32           -     33.6


1991      1,021         57       201       268       214        130        46         38        26        41           -     34.7
1992      1,002         50       190       254       189        119        77         52        36        35           -     35.2
1993      1,224         46       224       308       281        162        77         53        38        35           -     35.5
1994      1,052         54       185       297       218        131        65         36        31        35           -     34.9
1995        971         34       132       244       210        149        92         43        32        35           -     36.6


1996      1,079         49       150       267       237        165        94         45        34        38           -     36.5
1997      1,190         68       165       296       280        166       103         44        27        41           -     36.2
1998      1,454         56       202       322       339        239       121         80        40        55           -     37.3
1999      1,544         65       204       317       338        248       165         98        44        65           -     37.8
2000      1,584         77       224       284       348        281       163         99        36        72           -     38.0


2001      1,328         71       188       248       260        246       158         77        33        47           -     37.9
2002      1,516         73       197       269       376        264       157         91        34        55           -     37.8
2003      1,912         97       236       381       415        339       208       128         50        58           -     37.6
2004      1,657       111        225       344       339        265       164       106         51        52           -     37.2
2005      1,690       100        218       341       316        283       206       108         60        58           -     38.3


2006      1,782       104        236       366       316        312       222       116         74        36           -     38.1
2007      1,595         90       207       311       276        256       222       121         55        57           -     38.2
2008      1,601         77       203       307       284        284       195       128         79        44           -     38.5
2009      1,511         59       202       268       284        249       204       117         67        59          2      38.6
2010      1,536         47       186       290       292        255       217       123         63        59          4      38.9


2011      1,538         41       186       256       305        251       201       153         76        69           -     39.5

Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




   84 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                         Singapore Department of Statistics
             Table A2.22 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                    Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 1980 – 2011 (cont’d)

                                        Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)                                          Median
Year                Under                                                                               60 &      Un-    Age
          Total               25-29      30-34     35-39      40-44     45-49     50-54      55-59                     (Years)
                     25                                                                                 over     known


1980        505       143        142       113         49        26         13          8         5          6          -    28.0
1985        738       208        192       131         95        40         37        15         10        10           -    29.3
1990        972       180        301       178       155         79         36        24         12          7          -    30.1


1991     1,021        162        276       221       168        101         47        26         15          5          -    31.5
1992     1,002        138        253       225       181         99         50        28         15        13           -    31.9
1993     1,224        170        282       299       218        123         72        32         18        10           -    32.6
1994     1,052        170        230       268       170        104         51        29         17        13           -    32.2
1995        971       119        174       241       189        117         75        31         11        14           -    33.8


1996     1,079        149        196       247       199        154         80        27         12        15           -    33.9
1997     1,190        157        278       265       207        135         80        40         16        12           -    33.0
1998     1,454        177        288       329       276        188       117         44         16        19           -    33.9
1999     1,544        175        287       328       287        234       116         68         29        20           -    34.8
2000     1,584        210        292       311       320        200       119         82         24        26           -    34.7


2001     1,328        190        266       225       254        194       102         55         24        18           -    34.6
2002     1,516        195        270       302       293        221       119         60         31        25           -    34.8
2003     1,912        246        349       384       360        271       162         89         26        25           -    34.6
2004     1,657        244        326       356       272        208       129         61         34        27           -    33.5
2005     1,690        214        311       357       280        235       143         90         40        20           -    34.4


2006     1,782        249        333       355       296        247       166         84         32        20           -    34.3
2007     1,595        215        295       311       258        226       161         68         40        21           -    34.6
2008     1,601        183        295       323       267        216       167         76         56        18           -    35.0
2009     1,511        160        269       287       260        196       193         79         41        24          2     35.5
2010     1,536        132        281       318       268        211       177         80         44        24          1     35.8


2011     1,538        124        283       276       279        222       182         97         41        34           -    36.5

Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




   Singapore Department of Statistics                                     Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 85
        Table A2.23           Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                 Duration of Marriage, 1980 – 2011

                                            Duration of Marriage (Years)                                   Median
     Year                     Under                                                              30 &      Duration
                    Total                  5-9      10-14      15-19      20-24      25-29                 (Years)
                                5                                                                over

     1980             505        185        143          94         37         28         14          4       7.0
     1985             738        331        186          86         67         33         17         18       5.8
     1990             972        374        301        115          84         51         21         26       6.4


     1991           1,021        370        275        160        123          43         22         28       7.2
     1992           1,002        362        258        179          89         58         33         23       7.4
     1993           1,224        456        311        198        135          58         40         26       7.3
     1994           1,052        377        287        181          96         55         31         25       7.5
     1995             971        327        251        191          89         68         25         20       8.0


     1996           1,079        377        286        196          88         68         40         24       7.6
     1997           1,190        437        315        187        128          56         39         28       7.1
     1998           1,454        459        401        254        176          82         35         47       8.1
     1999           1,544        444        429        253        188        112          72         46       8.7
     2000           1,584        530        400        260        189          94         66         45       8.1


     2001           1,328        456        325        204        144          99         59         41       8.1
     2002           1,516        495        385        275        172        100          50         39       8.5
     2003           1,912        672        462        307        224        138          57         52       7.7
     2004           1,657        555        470        261        156        103          61         51       7.3
     2005           1,690        565        453        248        197        124          52         51       7.7


     2006           1,782        586        492        276        180        118          76         54       7.8
     2007           1,595        509        444        238        172        111          72         49       8.0
     2008           1,601        517        435        256        171        110          65         47       8.1
     2009           1,511        464        395        230        171        125          69         57       8.5
     2010           1,536        415        421        290        177        111          68         54       9.0


     2011           1,538        418        463        216        187        121          77         56       8.4

 Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
       source.




86 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                   Singapore Department of Statistics
         Table A2.24            Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                                 Ethnic Group of Couple, 1980 – 2011
                                                                                                                  Number

    Year               Total*               Malays                Indians              Others             Inter-ethnic


    1980                  505                  380                    32                      5                  88
    1985                  738                  579                    30                      8                 121
    1990                  972                  762                    53                      9                 148


    1991               1,021                   801                    40                      6                 174
    1992               1,002                   790                    38                      6                 168
    1993               1,224                   996                    42                      6                 180
    1994               1,052                   887                    31                      1                 133
    1995                  971                  794                    39                      5                 133


    1996               1,079                   925                    24                      4                 126
    1997               1,190                   997                    43                      8                 142
    1998               1,454                 1,132                    58                    20                  244
    1999               1,544                 1,171                    51                    14                  308
    2000               1,584                 1,113                    76                    39                  356


    2001               1,328                 1,000                    54                    12                  262
    2002               1,516                 1,136                    92                      8                 280
    2003               1,912                 1,476                    83                      6                 347
    2004               1,657                 1,255                    65                    10                  327
    2005               1,690                 1,324                    65                      8                 293


    2006               1,782                 1,335                    97                      6                 342
    2007               1,595                 1,184                    87                      6                 317
    2008               1,601                 1,181                    58                    19                  343
    2009               1,511                 1,077                    54                    18                  361
    2010               1,536                 1,080                    55                    32                  369


    2011               1,538                 1,108                    73                    13                  344

* For 2006, 2007 and 2009, Total includes divorces where the ethnic group of male or female divorcees was not reported.
Note: Data for 1994-2010 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data
      source.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                   Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 87
        Table A2.25 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                 Ethnic Group of Couple, January – December 2011
                                                                                                                  Number

        Month                   Total             Malays              Indians             Others             Inter-ethnic


         Total                  1,538              1,108                   73                  13                 344

      January                     155                 101                    7                  2                  45
      February                    116                  75                    5                  1                  35
       March                      145                  95                    3                  1                  46

         April                    125                  88                    8                  3                  26
         May                      112                  85                    5                  -                  22
         June                     140                 101                    5                  3                  31

        July                      129                  94                    8                  -                  27
      August                      130                 101                    9                  1                  19
     September                    139                 105                    7                  -                  27

      October                     131                 101                    8                  -                  22
     November                     114                  84                    3                  2                  25
     December                     102                  78                    5                  -                  19




        Table A2.26 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
              Previous Marital Status and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                                                  Number
       Previous
    Marital Status of                Total            Malays             Indians            Others           Inter-ethnic
        Couple

  Total*                            1,538             1,108                   73                13               344

  Single man &
    Single woman                    1,049               750                   45                 7               247
    Divorced woman                    122                84                    6                 2                30
    Widowed woman                       -                 -                    -                 -                 -

  Divorced man &
    Single woman                        103              76                      6               2                 19
    Divorced woman                      171             127                      9               1                 34
    Widowed woman                         -               -                      -               -                  -

  Widowed man &
   Single woman                           1                 -                    -                  -               1
   Divorced woman                         4                 4                    -                  -               -
   Widowed woman                          1                 -                    -                  -               1

  Married man &
   Single woman                           5                 4                    -                  -               1
   Divorced woman                         1                 1                    -                  -               -
   Widowed woman                          -                 -                    -                  -               -

 * Total includes divorces where the previous marital status of male or female divorcees was not reported.


88 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                      Singapore Department of Statistics
Table A2.27         Inter-ethnic Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                     Ethnic Group of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                          Number
 Ethnic Group                                   Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees
    of Male
  Divorcees             Total              Malays              Indians            Chinese            Others


     Total               344                168                      67                 29                80

    Malays               131                     -                   49                 21                61
    Indians               86                 72                       -                  3                11

    Chinese               37                 31                       5                  -                 1
    Others                90                 65                      13                  5                 7




        Table A2.28 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                  Age Group of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                          Number

  Age Group of                              Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
 Male Divorcees                 Under                                                                      60 &
    (Years)          Total               25-29       30-34   35-39    40-44     45-49    50-54    55-59
                                 25                                                                        over


      Total          1,538       124      283         276     279         222    182         97     41         34

    Under 25            41        36        4           1        -          -       -         -       -         -
     25 – 29           186        58       96          27       4           1       -         -       -         -

     30 – 34           256        21      112          90      23           6       -         4       -         -
     35 – 39           305           6     48         107     110         25       8          1       -         -
     40 – 44           251           1     11          39      91         87      19          3       -         -
     45 – 49           201           -      7           9      28         69      73          9      6          -
     50 – 54           153           1      1           2      14         23      61         38      8          5
     55 – 59            76           1      1            -      6           4     16         25     18          5
    60 & over           69           -      3           1       3           7      5         17      9         24




Singapore Department of Statistics                              Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 89
       Table A2.29 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
               Age Group, Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                             Number

     Age Group                                Ethnic Group of Male Divorcees
      (Years)                Total                Malays          Indians              Others


        Total                1,538                1,239              159                  140

      Under 25                  41                   36                2                    3

       25 – 29                 186                  149               19                   18

       30 – 34                 256                  204               33                   19

       35 – 39                 305                  243               33                   29

       40 – 44                 251                  212               17                   22

       45 – 49                 201                  167               21                   13

       50 – 54                 153                  124               12                   17

       55 – 59                  76                   55               14                    7

      60 & over                 69                   49                8                   12


                                             Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees

                             Total                Malays          Indians              Others


        Total                1,538                1,276              140                  122

      Under 25                 124                  109               10                    5

       25 – 29                 283                  243               22                   18

       30 – 34                 276                  227               20                   29

       35 – 39                 279                  226               28                   25

       40 – 44                 222                  185               24                   13

       45 – 49                 182                  145               25                   12

       50 – 54                  97                   79                3                   15

       55 – 59                  41                   36                4                    1

      60 & over                 34                   26                4                    4




90 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                     Singapore Department of Statistics
Table A2.30         Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group,
                    Previous Marital Status and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                             Number
                                      Previous Marital Status of Male Divorcees
  Age Group
   (Years)                                                            Widowed/
                        Total          Single         Divorced                          Unknown
                                                                       Married

     Total             1,538           1,187             291              19                41

   Under 25               41              38                2               -                1

    25 – 29              186             168              16                1                1

    30 – 34              256             223              29                1                3

    35 – 39              305             251              50                1                3

    40 – 44              251             180              61                2                8

    45 – 49              201             153              45                1                2

    50 – 54              153              99              40                7                7

    55 – 59               76              41              22                4                9

   60 & over              69              34              26                2                7

                                     Previous Marital Status of Female Divorcees

                        Total          Single         Divorced         Widowed          Unknown


     Total             1,538           1,192             305                1               40

   Under 25              124             120               4                -                 -

    25 – 29              283             256              23                -                4

    30 – 34              276             237              34                -                5

    35 – 39              279             195              78                -                6

    40 – 44              222             160              58                -                4

    45 – 49              182             118              58                1                5

    50 – 54               97              63              28                -                6

    55 – 59               41              23              12                -                6

   60 & over              34              20              10                -                4




Singapore Department of Statistics                      Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 91
Table A2.31        Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by Age Group,
                         Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                   Number
                                            Occupation of Male Divorcees
Age Group
                            Profes-    Admin-                             Production
 (Years)          Total     sional & istrative &   Clerical
                                                              Sales &
                                                                          & Related     Others
                                                                                                    Not
                                                              Services                             Working
                           Technical Managerial                            Workers


   Total          1,538        310          39         30        169            70        309         611

 Under 25            41         10            -          -         3             2          11          15

  25 – 29           186         40           2           3        28             6          35          72

  30 – 34           256         53           9           5        27            11          49        102

  35 – 39           305         78           7           6        40            12          57        105

  40 – 44           251         52           4           8        23            12          46        106

  45 – 49           201         40          10           4        18            11          48          70

  50 – 54           153         20           4           2        14            12          32          69

  55 – 59            76         13           2           1        11             4          16          29

 60 & over           69           4          1           1         5              -         15          43


                                           Occupation of Female Divorcees
                            Profes-    Admin-                             Production
                                                              Sales &                               Not
                  Total     sional & istrative &   Clerical               & Related     Others
                                                              Services                             Working
                           Technical Managerial                            Workers


   Total          1,538        180          41        196        319            62          52        688

 Under 25           124           7           -        13         38             1           3          62

  25 – 29           283         28          11         40         73             8          10        113

  30 – 34           276         50           4         31         69            11           3        108

  35 – 39           279         35          12         48         43             7           4        130

  40 – 44           222         36           5         34         39            10           7          91

  45 – 49           182         18           8         21         34            17           9          75

  50 – 54            97           5          1           6        15             2          11          57

  55 – 59            41           1           -          3         5             5           2          25

 60 & over           34           -           -          -         3             1           3          27




92 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                          Singapore Department of Statistics
         Table A2.32 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                   Occupation of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                             Number
                                                  Occupation of Female Divorcees
Occupation of
                                 Profes-    Admin-                                  Production
Male Divorcees        Total      sional & istrative &     Clerical
                                                                       Sales &
                                                                                    & Related    Others
                                                                                                              Not
                                                                       Services                              Working
                                Technical Managerial                                 Workers


     Total           1,538            180         41          196           319           62           52      688

 Professional &        310            88          12          58            51            10            1          90
   Technical

Administrative &        39              3           5           6           12             -            1          12
  Managerial

    Clerical            30              3           2           8           10             -            2           5

   Sales &             169            15            7         31            62             3            2          49
   Services

 Production &           70              3           1         11            10            13            1          31
Related Workers

    Others             309            27            7         40            79            17           23      116

  Not Working          611            41            7         42            95            19           22      385




         Table A2.33 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
                 Age at Marriage of Male and Female Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                            Number

   Age at Marriage                          Age at Marriage of Female Divorcees (Years)
  of Male Divorcees                     Under                                                               40 &
       (Years)            Total                     20-24           25-29         30-34        35-39
                                         20                                                                 over

         Total            1,538             237         614          352           146           93           96

       Under 20               48            36            9            2              1            -            -

       20 – 24                401           120         236           35              7           1            2

       25 – 29                545           61          263          182            28           10            1

       30 – 34                245           12          75            93            42           12           11

       35 – 39                147             2         17            31            40           37           20

      40 & over               152             6         14             9            28           33           62




 Singapore Department of Statistics                             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 93
       Table A2.34 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
             Age at Marriage, Ethnic Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                               Number

      Age at Marriage                              Ethnic Group of Male Divorcees
          (Years)                  Total              Malays           Indians            Others


           Total                  1,538               1,239              159                 140

         Under 20                     48                 43                 2                   3

          20 – 24                   401                 338                39                 24

          25 – 29                   545                 447                56                 42

          30 – 34                   245                 186                29                 30

          35 – 39                   147                 103                22                 22

         40 & over                  152                 122                11                 19


                                                  Ethnic Group of Female Divorcees

                                   Total              Malays           Indians            Others


           Total                  1,538               1,276              140                 122

         Under 20                   237                 208                17                 12

          20 – 24                   614                 510                63                 41

          25 – 29                   352                 301                16                 35

          30 – 34                   146                 106                20                 20

          35 – 39                     93                 74                10                   9

         40 & over                    96                 77                14                   5




94 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                        Singapore Department of Statistics
        Table A2.35 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
               Duration of Marriage and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011

  Duration of
   Marriage            Total             Malays            Indians               Others           Inter-ethnic
   (Years)

     Total             1,538             1,108                   73                 13                 344

   Under 5               418               298                   17                  2                 101
     5–9                 463               337                   18                  6                 102
    10 – 14              216               150                   11                  2                  53
    15 – 19              187               130                   11                  1                  45
    20 – 24              121                  92                  9                  1                  19
    25 – 29               77                  58                  3                  1                  15

  30 & over               56                  43                  4                  -                   9

   Median                8.4                  8.4              11.1                7.8                 8.1
   Duration
    (Years)




        Table A2.36 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
           Duration of Marriage and Number of Dependent Children, 2011
                                                                                                         Number
    Duration of                      Number of Dependent Children under 18 Years of Age
     Marriage
     (Years)              Total           0            1                 2                3          4 & over


       Total             1,538            580         430               335               130            63
      Under 5              418            201         142                72                   2              1

       5–9                 463            156         131               117               46             13
      10 – 14              216             46          42                64               37             27

      15 – 19              187             32          35                62               38             20
      20 – 24              121             45          53                17                   4              2
      25 – 29               77             48          24                    2                3              -
     30 & over              56             52              3                 1                -              -




Singapore Department of Statistics                             Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 95
       Table A2.37 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
           Duration of Marriage, Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                   Number
                                           Occupation of Male Divorcees
Duration of
 Marriage                  Profes-    Admin-
                                                             Sales &
                                                                        Production
                                                                                                   Not
 (Years)        Total      sional & istrative &   Clerical              & Related      Others
                                                             Services                             Working
                          Technical Managerial                           Workers


  Total         1,538         310          39         30        169           70         309         611

 Under 5          418          83           8          8         54           21          86         158
   5–9            463         101          15         10         56           19          80         182
 10 – 14          216          46           1          2         20            8          49          90
 15 – 19          187          41           8          4         16           12          37          69

 20 – 24          121          24           3          4         14            2          23          51
 25 – 29            77         10           4          1          4            5          21          32
30 & over           56          5           -          1          5            3          13          29


                                          Occupation of Female Divorcees
                           Profes-    Admin-                            Production
                                                             Sales &                               Not
                Total      sional & istrative &   Clerical              & Related      Others
                                                             Services                             Working
                          Technical Managerial                           Workers


  Total         1,538         180          41        196        319           62          52         688

 Under 5          418          52           9         50         98           14          10         185
   5–9            463          57          13         54        107           22          18         192
 10 – 14          216          28           6         37         45            5            3         92
 15 – 19          187          24           7         31         31            6            7         81
 20 – 24          121          11           5         11         22            8            7         57
 25 – 29            77          5           1         10         11            7            2         41

30 & over           56          3           -          3          5             -           5         40




96 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                         Singapore Department of Statistics
        Table A2.38 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
            Duration of Marriage, Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                               Number

      Duration of                           Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)
       Marriage                  Under                                                          50 &
       (Years)         Total                 25-29    30-34      35-39     40-44     45-49
                                  25                                                            over

         Total        1,538          41       186      256         305       251       201       298

        Under 5         418          31       122      107          62        55        16        25

         5–9            463          10        63      129         129        59        33        40

        10 – 14         216            -         1      20          83        59        19        34

        15 – 19         187            -         -        -         29        66        56        36

        20 – 24         121            -         -        -          2        12        61        46

        25 – 29           77           -         -        -           -         -       16        61

       30 & over          56           -         -        -           -         -         -       56


                                           Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
                                 Under                                                          50 &
                       Total                 25-29    30-34      35-39     40-44     45-49
                                  25                                                            over


         Total        1,538          124      283      276         279       222       182       172

        Under 5         418          99       138       72          48        25        22        14

         5–9            463          25       139      136          76        40        28        19

        10 – 14         216            -         6      65          83        30        17        15

        15 – 19         187            -         -        3         68        80        19        17

        20 – 24         121            -         -        -          4        44        48        25

        25 – 29           77           -         -        -           -         3       45        29

       30 & over          56           -         -        -           -         -        3        53




Singapore Department of Statistics                            Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 97
Table A2.39 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by (A) Duration
           of Marriage; (B) Plaintiff; and Main Reason for Divorce, 2011
                                                                                                     Number
                                                                        Incarce-     Infidelity /
                                              Domestic
                                                          Financial      ration /      Extra-        Other
                          Total   Desertion   Violence
                                                          Problems     Imprison-       marital      Reasons
                                              & Abuses
                                                                          ment         Affair

       Total           1,538         141          255        234            52           318           538

    Duration of
     Marriage
      (Years)
     Under 5               418        52          76          60            13             64          153
       5–9                 463        43          70          59            30             99          162
      10 – 14              216        15          37          36             7             51           70
      15 – 19              187        15          33          34              -            33           72
      20 – 24              121            5       18          25             2             34           37
      25 – 29               77            8       10          14              -            18           27
     30 & over              56            3       11           6              -            19           17


      Plaintiff
     Husband               467        52          50          37             1             98          229
        Wife           1,069          89          204        197            51           220           308
       Joint                  2           -         1           -             -               -           1




       Table A2.40 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
            Main Reason for Divorce and Ethnic Group of Couple, 2011
                                                                                                         Number

Main Reason for Divorce           Total         Malays          Indians             Others          Inter-ethnic


          Total                   1,538           1,108               73                13               344

       Desertion                   141              99                 9                  -               33

  Domestic Violence &
                                   255             169                14                 2                70
       Abuses

  Financial Problems               234             176                 9                 2                47

     Incarceration /
                                     52             47                 -                  -                   5
     Imprisonment
       Infidelity /
                                   318             228                14                 4                72
   Extra-marital Affair

     Other Reasons                 538             389                27                 5               117




98 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                            Singapore Department of Statistics
        Table A2.41 Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
          Main Reason for Divorce, Age Group and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                            Number
                                              Age Group of Male Divorcees (Years)
        Main Reason
         for Divorce                  Under                                                   50 &
                              Total             25-29   30-34    35-39    40-44     45-49
                                       25                                                     over

            Total            1,538      41       186      256      305      251      201       298

          Desertion            141       6         19      28       21       17        19        31

     Domestic Violence
                               255       7         44      40       47       40        30        47
        & Abuses

     Financial Problems        234       5         23      36       45       46        26        53

       Incarceration /
                                52        -         7       9       16         9        7         4
       Imprisonment
         Infidelity /
                               318      12         32      58       68       41        41        66
     Extra-marital Affair

       Other Reasons           538      11         61      85      108       98        78        97


                                          Age Group of Female Divorcees (Years)
                                      Under                                                   50 &
                              Total             25-29   30-34    35-39    40-44     45-49
                                       25                                                     over

            Total            1,538     124       283      276      279      222      182       172

          Desertion            141      17         29      20       24       18        14        19

     Domestic Violence
                               255      27         55      44       44       35        24        26
        & Abuses

     Financial Problems        234      22         27      39       53       38        28        27

       Incarceration /
                                52       3         15       8        8       10         7         1
       Imprisonment
         Infidelity /
                               318      25         49      65       58       46        35        40
     Extra-marital Affair

       Other Reasons           538      30       108      100       92       75        74        59




Singapore Department of Statistics                         Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 99
        Table A2.42  Divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act by
          Main Reason for Divorce, Occupation and Sex of Divorcees, 2011
                                                                                                        Number
                                                  Occupation of Male Divorcees
  Main Reason
                                 Profes-      Admin-                             Production
   for Divorce         Total     sional &   istrative &   Clerical
                                                                     Sales &
                                                                                 & Related    Others
                                                                                                          Not
                                                                     Services                            Working
                                Technical   Managerial                            Workers


       Total           1,538       310           39           30       169            70        309        611

    Desertion           141         22             4           1         12            7         29          66

Domestic Violence
                        255         39             2           2         26            9         46        131
   & Abuses

Financial Problems      234         36             3           3         24           10         47        111

  Incarceration /
                         52           2             -          1          2             -          4         43
  Imprisonment
    Infidelity /
                        318         82           12            4         39           16         66          99
Extra-marital Affair

 Other Reasons          538        129           18           19         66           28        117        161


                                                Occupation of Female Divorcees
                                 Profes-      Admin-                             Production
                                                                     Sales &                              Not
                       Total     sional &   istrative &   Clerical               & Related    Others
                                                                     Services                            Working
                                Technical   Managerial                            Workers



       Total           1,538       180           41         196        319            62         52        688

    Desertion           141         14             1           9         28            8           5         76

Domestic Violence
                        255         34             4          21         41            6           4       145
   & Abuses

Financial Problems      234         22             8          46         51           10           4         93

  Incarceration /
                         52           3            1           2         21            5           3         17
  Imprisonment
    Infidelity /
                        318         35             7          36         66            7         16        151
Extra-marital Affair

 Other Reasons          538         72           20           82       112            26         20        206




 100 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                             Singapore Department of Statistics
          Table A2.43            Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group
                                        and Sex, 1980 – 2011

                                          Age Group of Husbands (Years)                                           Median
   Year                                                                                40 &          Un-            Age
                 Total      Under 25         25-29         30-34         35-39                                    (Years)
                                                                                       over         known

   1980           170            18            81             50            13             7             1          29.2
   1985           296            13            82             59            12             6          124           29.6
   1990           484            25           210           151             59            37             2          30.2


   1991           606            52           280           198             48            23             5          29.5
   1992           377            26           182           112             37            19             1          29.6
   1993           140              6           59             49            18             8              -         30.6
   1994           187            10            84             68            15             9             1          30.0
   1995           188            12            74             63            19            17             3          30.5


   1996           178              8           62             66            24            15             3          31.2
   1997           201              8           72             61            30            27             3          30.9
   1998           262            17           117             71            39            17             1          29.9
   1999           249            17           100             78            23            30             1          30.4
   2000           217            16            88             63            28            19             3          30.3


   2001           252            13            98             69            39            27             6          30.6
   2002           287            14            95           117             26            30             5          31.2
   2003           268              6           97             93            38            28             6          31.2
   2004           338            15           118           123             39            34             9          30.7
   2005           328            18           110           108             49            43              -         31.2


   2006           377            12           106           142             45            72              -         32.1
   2007           413            15           114           134             49          101               -         32.6
   2008           363            12           103           119             58            71              -         32.8
   2009           353            10            80           122             65            75             1          33.2
   2010           369              8          101           111             70            79              -         33.4


   2011           370            10            91           126             62            81              -         33.0

Note: Data for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                   Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 101
  Table A2.43            Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group and Sex,
                                     1980 – 2011 (cont’d)

                                            Age Group of Wives (Years)                                           Median
  Year                                                                                 40 &         Un-            Age
                Total      Under 25         25-29         30-34         35-39                                    (Years)
                                                                                       over        known

  1980           170            65            86             14             1             2             2          25.8
  1985           296            46            98             21             4             3          124           26.8
  1990           484           104           255             87            25            11             2          27.3


  1991           606           155           322             89            24            11             5          26.7
  1992           377           109           190             60            11             6             1          26.6
  1993           140            26            81             24             5             4              -         27.2
  1994           187            50            95             32             6             3             1          26.8
  1995           188            50            86             33            12             4             3          27.4


  1996           178            40            88             35             6             6             3          27.5
  1997           201            51            87             43             8             9             3          27.4
  1998           262            66           134             44            10             7             1          27.1
  1999           249            64           129             33            10            12             1          26.7
  2000           217            40           121             38             9             6             3          27.3


  2001           252            63           117             41            17             8             6          27.1
  2002           287            55           127             67            18            12             8          28.4
  2003           268            39           138             65            13             7             6          28.3
  2004           338            62           155             62            15            10            34          28.0
  2005           328            51           173             62            26            13             3          28.3


  2006           377            66           159           104             35            11             2          28.9
  2007           413            47           208           106             32            19             1          28.8
  2008           363            59           152           105             29            18              -         28.8
  2009           353            28           147           108             50            19             1          30.1
  2010           369            51           169             81            47            21              -         29.0


  2011           370            59           162             91            37            21              -         28.9

 Note: Data for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




102 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                     Singapore Department of Statistics
                 Table A2.44 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by
                            Duration of Marriage, 1980 – 2011

                                           Duration of Marriage (Years)                                        Median
   Year                       Under                                                                 5&         Duration
                 Total                         1            2             3             4                      (Years)
                                1                                                                   over

   1980          170              3            27           47            40            33            20           3.2
   1985          296             10            66           88            61            33            38           2.9
   1990          484              5            94          122           106            81            76           3.2


   1991          606              6          140           181           120            70            89           2.9
   1992          377             15          102           102            77            32            49           2.7
   1993          140              4            52           41            21              7           15           2.3
   1994          187              6            70           63            29            10              9          2.3
   1995          188              6            72           52            33            12            13           2.2


   1996          178             10            65           50            24            12            17           2.3
   1997          201              7            74           64            23            14            19           2.2
   1998          262             29          112            67            31            14              9          1.9
   1999          249             25            90           72            29            11            22           2.2
   2000          217             19            67           84            35              6             6          2.3


   2001          252             20            97           68            45            10            12           2.1
   2002          287             28            99           81            33            20            26           2.2
   2003          268             23            81           76            50            17            21           2.3
   2004          338             34          114           109            44            23            14           2.1
   2005          328             38          105            90            53            20            22           2.2


   2006          377             61          121            95            51            12            37           2.1
   2007          413             40          173           105            55            13            27           2.0
   2008          363             29          127           112            52            19            24           2.3
   2009          353             32          136            90            52            11            32           2.1
   2010          369             43          158            92            37            15            24           1.9


   2011          370             56          158           100            32              7           17           1.8

 Note: Data for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




Singapore Department of Statistics                                  Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 103
                  Table A2.45 Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by
                            Ethnic Group of Couple, 1980 – 2011
                                                                                                                    Number

       Year                 Total*              Chinese              Indians              Others            Inter-ethnic


       1980                  170                  155                   14                     -                   1
       1985                  296                  257                   21                    1                  17
       1990                  484                  419                   48                    2                  15


       1991                  606                  531                   56                    1                  18
       1992                  377                  320                   42                    1                  14
       1993                  140                  119                   15                     -                   6
       1994                  187                  161                   21                     -                   5
       1995                  188                  160                   21                     -                   7


       1996                  178                  142                   33                     -                   3
       1997                  201                  178                   16                     -                   7
       1998                  262                  222                   30                     -                 10
       1999                  249                  206                   31                    1                  11
       2000                  217                  185                   18                    3                  11


       2001                  252                  218                   12                    8                  14
       2002                  287                  230                   23                    3                  31
       2003                  268                  223                   16                    6                  23
       2004                  338                  247                   28                     -                 20
       2005                  328                  270                   27                     -                 28


       2006                  377                  307                   27                    1                  40
       2007                  413                  354                   25                    2                  32
       2008                  363                  289                   23                    5                  45
       2009                  353                  265                   31                    2                  54
       2010                  369                  276                   39                    3                  51


       2011                  370                  272                   33                    3                  62

* For 2004 onwards, Total includes annulments where the ethnic group of males and females was not reported.
Note: Data for 2008 have been revised in 2012 following the inclusion of new information from administrative data source.




104 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                                      Singapore Department of Statistics
Table A2.46         Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Ethnic Group of Couple,
                               January – December 2011
                                                                                          Number

       Month               Total      Chinese        Indians           Others        Inter-ethnic


       Total                370         272               33               3              62


      January                 33         26                3               -                4
     February                 31         22                5               -                4
       March                  38         27                5               -                6


       April                  28         17                4               -                7
        May                   28         19                5               1                3
       June                   32         25                3               -                4


        July                  20         14                3               1                2
      August                  40         33                -               -                7
    September                 34         24                2               -                8


      October                 34         28                1               -                5
    November                  33         21                2               1                9
    December                  19         16                -               -                3




       Table A2.47         Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Age Group of
                                 Husbands and Wives, 2011

                                                                                          Number
    Age Group of                              Age Group of Wives (Years)
     Husbands                         Under                                               40 &
      (Years)                Total                25-29        30-34        35-39
                                       25                                                 over

         Total                370       59         162           91             37          21
       Under 25                 10       7           3             -             -              -
        25 – 29                 91      18          62            9              1              1
        30 – 34               126       12          65           45              4              -
        35 – 39                 62      10          19           19             14              -
      40 & over                 81      12          13           18             18          20




Singapore Department of Statistics                  Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 105
  Table A2.48       Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Duration of Marriage,
                              Age Group and Sex, 2011
                                                                                                Number
                                                    Age Group of Husbands (Years)
  Duration of Marriage
        (Years)                           Under                                                 40 &
                              Total                       25-29      30-34         35-39
                                           25                                                   over

         Total                370              10           91        126           62            81
        Under 1                 56              2           12         16            9            17
              1               158               5           43         56           20            34
              2               100               2           27         33           24            14
              3                 32              -            8         14            5                5
              4                  7              1            1          2            1                2
        5 & over                17              -            -          5            3                9

                                                     Age Group of Wives (Years)
                                          Under                                                 40 &
                              Total                       25-29      30-34         35-39
                                           25                                                   over

         Total                370              59          162         91           37            21
        Under 1                 56             18           21          6            9                2
              1               158              24           74         43           10                7
              2               100              15           44         25           11                5
              3                 32              1           18         10            1                2
              4                  7              1            3          1            2                -
        5 & over                17              -            2          6            4                5




Table A2.49        Annulments under the Women‟s Charter by Previous Marital Status
                            of Husbands and Wives, 2011
                                                                                                Number
   Previous                                Previous Marital Status of Wives
 Marital Status
 of Husbands          Total           Single             Divorced       Widowed            Unknown


     Total             370              327                  24                -                19
     Single            329              308                  12                -                 9
   Divorced              29               14                 10                -                 5
   Widowed                -                -                     -             -                  -
   Unknown               12                5                     2             -                 5




106 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011                       Singapore Department of Statistics
                      SOURCE AND DATA COVERAGE

Statistics on Marriages

           Statistics on marriages registered under the Women‟s Charter are
obtained from records maintained by the Registry of Marriages. They include all
civil marriages solemnized by the Registrar of Marriages, pastors of churches,
priests of Hindu temples and other registered solemnizers. For Muslim marriages,
statistics are obtained from records of marriages registered under the
Administration of Muslim Law Act maintained by the Registry of Muslim Marriages.



Statistics on Divorces and Annulments

           Statistics on divorces and annulments under the Women‟s Charter are
obtained from records maintained by the Family Court and the High Court.

           For divorces under the Administration of Muslim Law Act, statistics are
obtained from the register of divorces kept by the Syariah Court. The records on
revocation of divorces are obtained from the Registry of Muslim Marriages.

           In this publication, time-related variables such as duration of marriage
and age of divorcees are based on the date when decree nisi was made absolute
for civil divorces, and date of registration for Muslim divorces. However,
separations, whether by mutual agreements or otherwise and which do not confer
on the parties the right to re-marry, are not covered.




Singapore Department of Statistics           Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 107
                                     GLOSSARY

Age-Specific Marriage Rate

The number of marriages registered within a specific age group during the year,
out of every thousand unmarried population in the same age group.



Age-Specific Divorce Rate

The number of divorces and annulments granted within a specific age group during
the year, out of every thousand married population in the same age group.



Annulments

Annulments granted under Women‟s Charter refer to invalidation of a marriage.
Parties whose marriages have been annulled are conferred the status of never
having been married to each other.



Crude Marriage Rate

The number of marriages registered in the year per thousand population.



Crude Divorce Rate

The number of divorces and annulments granted in the year per thousand
population.




Singapore Department of Statistics          Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011 ► 109
Ethnic Group Classifications of Couple

For marriages registered under the Women‟s Charter:

        “Others” comprises couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic groups
        besides Chinese and Indians, namely Malays, Eurasians, Caucasians and
        other ethnicities as one single „Others‟ group.
        E.g. Eurasian-Eurasian, Caucasian-Caucasian, Others-Others

        “Inter-ethnic” marriages refer to marriages where both the groom and bride
        are of different ethnicity.
        E.g. Indian-Chinese, Eurasian-Caucasian, Chinese-Malay, Chinese-Others



For marriages registered under the Administration of Muslim Law Act:

        “Others” comprises Muslim couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic
        groups besides Malays and Indians, namely Chinese, Eurasians, Caucasians,
        and other ethnicities as one single „Others‟ group.
        E.g. Eurasian-Eurasian, Caucasian-Caucasian, Others-Others

        “Inter-ethnic” marriages refer to marriages where both the groom and bride
        are of different ethnicity.
        E.g. Malay-Indian, Malay-Chinese, Indian-Others



General Marriage Rate

The number of marriages registered among persons aged 15-44 years during the
year, out of every thousand unmarried population in the same age group.



General Divorce Rate

The number of divorces and annulments granted to married persons aged 20 years
and over during the year, out of every thousand married population in the same age
group.




110 ◄ Statistics on Marriages and Divorces, 2011         Singapore Department of Statistics
   PROJECT TEAM


    Assistant Director
    Miss Koh Wee Ling



       Statistician
Miss Wong Maria Bernadette



        Manager
    Ms Seet Ming Lee



Corporate Support Officer
    Mr Ng Keng Chye
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