The Late Agricultural
Revolution, the Industrial
Revolution, and Beyond
1700 to 2000
1700s – 1800s animal
powered farming is the
Animal power and simple machinery
were used for preparing the fields,
planting and harvesting. Farming is still
very labor intensive. (requires many
Over time the machinery became more
complex, but was still animal powered.
(fewer people required)
Horse Powered Thresher - 1881
transportation was widely
used in the 1700s and 1800s.
Donkey powered Mill many
animal power is
still widely used
for farming and
•The Industrial Revolution began in the late 1700’s in Europe
Steam Powered Farm Equipment
and gradually spread to North America by the 1800s.
•Machinery was first used in factories and was powered first by
water, then steam, then coal.
•Mass production greatly reduced the need for human labor.
•Eventually, by the early 1900s machinery began replacing
human and animal powered farming methods.
These advances in machinery greatly
reduced the need for human labor in
farming. Powered Farm Equipment
Industrial Revolution led to growth of cities
(late 1800s Chicago)
Motorized forms of transportation
such as trains, steamships, and
automobiles in the early 1900s
further changed our way of life.
Modern farm equipment has continued to
evolve and improve, making farming more
efficient and productive…
…and less labor intensive.
The Green Revolution
• The Green
already existed, but
had not been widely
used outside of
New Methods to improve crops:
Pesticides, Crop Dusting & Synthetic
Improved Crop Varieties
• Washington State University—World Civilizations:
Agricultural Revolution Student Module