Instructor by jennyyingdi


									                                        Lesson Plan
Instructor:      Ms. Jami Graham                                    Grade Level(s):       10-12
Course:          Equipment Operations and Maintenance               # of Students:        24
Unit Topic:      Agricultural Engines
Lesson Title:    Winterizing Agricultural Engines

Broad Goal/Terminal Objective:
   1) Create a 500 word newspaper article using the information presented in class covering
      the importance of winterization. (synthesis)

Specific Objectives:
    1) Discuss the importance of winterization, given your notes, according to the points we
        talked about in class. (Comprehension)
    2) Describe the ten steps to winterization given some key terms, according to your notes.
Connections: (Identify the Standards to Which the Lesson Connects)
Skills Standards
AC 001 Apply narrative workplace problem-solving techniques of math and science. (Students
understand ratios of solution)
OA 002 Match measurement activities to manufacturing processes. (Students understand ratios
of solution)
Academic Expectations
2.37 Students demonstrate skills and work habits that lead to success in future schooling and work.
        (when students become knowledgeable about the different ways to care for an engine they
        are better prepared for the job market)
Core Content
PL-HS-4.2.1 Students will identify individual work habits/ethics (e.g., individual/team
        responsibilities, willingness to learn, integrity, respect, confidentiality, self-discipline,
        problem-solving, punctuality, communication skills) and explain their importance in the
        workplace. (when students become knowledgeable about the different ways to care for an
        engine they are better prepared for the job market)
Where are the learners beginning?
This is the first shop class for the students of this class. They had a small introductory unit to
the shop during their freshman year in agriscience but did not go into detail. We have been in
the shop some this semester and students are familiar with the basic parts of an engine and how
it works.
Any special circumstances?
Any students on IEPs? /What modifications are necessary?
Resources and Materials:
Materials:                          Resources/References:
    rubric (30 copies)                

Instructor Directions/Methods       Content Outline
Announcements/Review:                  Goal of 100% Membership
                                       Executive/chapter Meeting
Review Announcements of up             Christmas Party
coming events that are on the
             INTRODUCTION (Preparation/Interest Approach/Learning Context)
                                   What is winterization?
Questioning                            Refers to the process of preparing something for an
                                   upcoming winter.
                                   When do you winterize?
                                      In the late fall
                                   What do you winterize?
                                      Farm equipment, cars, boats, systems, lawns, and
                        LESSON (Presentation, Methods & Application)
Objective 1: Discuss the           Why Winterize?
importance of winterization,       Connection: Though you may be ready to park much of your
given your notes, according to the farm equipment for a few months, or if you are getting your
points we talked about in class.   car ready for a long cold winter, we must remember that
METHOD: Discussion                 spring will be here quickly and the equipment must be ready
                                   to go. The care we provide our machinery, such as proper
                                   cleaning, maintenance and storage not only increases
                                   equipment reliability and performance, it can also improve
                                   resale value. Farmers who properly winterize farm equipment
                                   now will be rewarded with a reduction in start-up time next
                                   spring. Saves money/start up fees.
Objective 2: Describe the ten      Now that students have and idea of what winterization is
steps to winterization given some ask them to list any steps that they think would be involved
key terms, according to your       in winterization. (Write steps on the board). Now go
notes.                             through the steps, placing numbers by the ones that are
METHOD: Lecture                    already on the board and adding any that are not up there.

Have students get out their notes   Step One Take engine and hydraulic oil samples from
and have them take these steps      your tractors and combines. Get the oil samples analyzed
down.                               to obtain more information about your equipment's engine,
                                    power train and hydraulics.
Instructor Directions/Methods        Content Outline
                                     Step Two Give all of your equipment an oil change to
Move about the room.                 prevent corrosion. Change air filters and fuel filters.
                                     Completely fill gas tanks to prevent water from
                                     accumulating in the tank. Clean engine oil will reduce
                                     internal engine corrosion during storage

                                     Step Three Lubricate the bearings and joints on your farm
                                     equipment to maximize the life of the equipment.

                                     Step Four Check the antifreeze in your equipment for the
                                     correct freezing temperature. Use an antifreeze tester
                                     which can be purchased at an auto store. The composition
                                     of fluid in your radiator should be 50 percent water and 50
                                     percent antifreeze.

                                     Step Five: Enhance the life of your belts by reducing the
                                     tension. Hydraulic cylinders should not be stored fully
                                     extended. If temperatures increase, hydraulic oil will be
                                     confined and high pressure may cause damage to the
                                     hydraulic system.

                                     Step Six Minimize sidewall damage to your tires by
                                     inflating them to the recommended pressure in the owner's

                                     Step Seven Clean planters, combines, air seeders and
Rodents like to eat electric wire!   drills. Removing grain and other debris reduces the
                                     likelihood that rodents will find your equipment attractive
                                     for nesting. You also prevent potential rusting.
                                     Compressed air is a great way to clean hard to reach places
                                     and may be a better choice than water. When water is
                                     needed to clean surfaces, use only moderate pressure and
                                     mild soap.

                                     Step Eight Remove soil from tillage equipment. Follow
                                     with an application of rust proof compound and then store
                                     with other components on blocks.

                                     Step Nine: Store equipment in a protected building or
                                     shelter throughout the winter months.

                                     Step Ten: Proper battery storage can protect batteries from
                                     deterioration. Even a small current drain can eventually
                                     discharge batteries and cause them to freeze in cold
                                     weather. Consider removing batteries to convenient storage
Instructor Directions/Methods      Content Outline
                                   where they can receive a periodic charge. Clean all
                                   connections and coat terminals with a thin layer of grease
                                   to prevent corrosion.

Objective 3: Create a 500 word     Review the ten steps from above. Review the importance
newspaper article using the        of winterization. Introduce the writing assignment by
information presented in class     passing out the rubric and allow students time to work on a
covering the importance of         rough draft of their newspaper articles.
winterization. (synthesis)
                                   If needed go over the basics of writing a newspaper article.
METHOD: Discussion                 (Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How)

Walk around the room to provide
any type of help that is needed.

Formative Assessment               Students will be watched during class to see their level of
Participation                      participation which will be a 5 point daily grade and the
                                   notes taken in class will be part of an over all notebook
                                   grade that will be taken at midterm and finals.
Summative Assessment               Students will be graded on a newspaper article that covers
End of Unit test                   the topics discussed in class. Students will be graded
                                   according to a rubric and the project will be worth 20
                         Winterization Newspaper Article
      Teacher Name: Ms. Graham

      Student Name:   ________________________________________

  CATEGORY        4                         3                         2                      1
Headline &        Articles has headline     Article has a             Article has a          Article is missing
Caption           that capture the          headline that             headline that          headline OR article
                  reader's attention        accurately describes      accurately describes   does not have
                  and accurately            the content. All          the content. Most      adequate headline
                  describe the content.     graphics have             graphics have          OR many graphics
                  All graphics have         captions.                 captions.              do not have
                  captions that                                                              captions.
                  adequately describe
                  the people and
                  action in the graphic.
Spelling and      No spelling or            No more than a            No more than 3         Several spelling or
Proofreading      grammar errors            couple of spelling or     spelling or grammar    grammar errors
                  remain after one or       grammar errors            errors remain after    remain in the final
                  more people (in           remain after one or       one or more people     copy of the
                  addition to the typist)   more people (in           (in addition to the    newspaper.
                  read and correct the      addition to the typist)   typist) read and
                  newspaper.                read and correct the      correct the
                                            newspaper.                newspaper.
Graphics          Graphics are in        Graphics are in         80-100% of the              More than 20% of
                  focus, are well-       focus and are clearly graphics are clearly          the graphics are not
                  cropped and are        related to the article. related to the article      clearly related to the
                  clearly related to the                                                     articles OR no
                  article                                                                    graphics were used.

Who, What,        The article               The article               The article            The article
When, Where &     adequately address        addresses 4 of the 5      addresses 3 of the 5   addresses 2 or less
                  the 5 W's (who,           W's (who, what,           W's (who, what,        of the 5 W's (who,
How               what, when, where         when, where and           when, where and        what, when, where,
                  and how).                 how).                     how).                  and how).

Requirements      All of the required  Almost all the       At least 75% of the Less than 75% of
                  content was present. required content was required content was the required content
                                       present.             present.             was present.

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