Hampshire Fire Rescue Service by jennyyingdi

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									Welcome to Lyndhurst
                       We make life safer
 Animal Rescue
Conference 2008
    Hosted by




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Setting the Context
 Jim Green
 Animal Rescue Specialist
 Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service




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   Large Animal Rescue
               Definition
The removal of an animal from a place
of danger to a place of safety by the
most humane method
With overriding regard for the safety
and welfare of ourselves and
members of the public.

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Traditionally…
Animal Rescues
regarded as a soft
humanitarian service
No formal knowledge
or training
Corporate liability
protected by rural
Firefighters having
livestock experience?


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                 Pictures courtesy of Wim Back


Soft humanitarian service?

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Or unpredictable hazardous material?

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           Prey Animals
• Fear   (Fear is their main emotion)

• Flight (Will always choose to run away)

• Herd mentality (Will aim to return to herd)

• Fight (If cornered may fight)
Kicking, biting, butting, crushing, gouging




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 Immediate Danger to Life or Health
Fire and Rescue Service arrival on scene
      is NOT calming to a large animal!!

       Rescuing a large animal can:
1. Pose an immediate threat to life
2. Cause serious injury
3. Compromise means of escape



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What price the Corporate
         Risk?!
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         2004 Fire Services Act

    Sect. 11. Power to respond to other eventualities
•   A F&RS may take any action it considers appropriate
    in response to an event or situation that causes or is
    likely to cause,
•    a) one or more individuals to die, be injured or
    become ill, or
•    b) cause harm to the environment (including the life
    and health of plants and animals)
•   This power may be exercised outside as well as
    within an authorities area.



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Some ask could we opt out of Animal
       Rescue altogether?
                             Firefighters will
                             come across
                             animals in many
                             aspects of normal
                             Fire Service activity.
                             For example RTC’s,
                             agricultural
                             fires and other
                             entrapments




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Why Should the Fire and Rescue
Service carry out Animal Rescues?
• Large animals in distress are considered an
  Immediate Danger to Life or Health
• This is no place for untrained personnel,
  distressed owners, onlookers or rodeo tactics
• FACT: 83% of the public when surveyed in
  the US claimed they would risk their lives for
  an animal



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    How did Hampshire address this
    area of specialist rescue?

• Animal Rescue Specialists
• RDS contract
• Usually act as Operations Commander
• Wealth of animal rescue experience
  coupled with agricultural backgrounds
• Provide training at varying levels across
  the Service and beyond

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3 Animal Rescue Teams
Strategically placed to
cover Hampshire since
1997, co-ordinated by
our 4 Specialists since
2004




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Mobilising Criteria
   and Roles


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    1) Large Animal - Entrapment
        Emergency Response
•   Local Fire Appliance
•   Animal Rescue Team (Minimum 6)
•   Animal Rescue Specialist Officer
•   Senior Officer




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2) Large Animal - Veterinary Assist
• Animal Rescue Specialist to investigate
  and summon resources as appropriate
• Non emergency response




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3) Farm fires, flooding, road traffic
   collisions and other incidents
          involving animals
  Incident Pre Determined Attendance:
    plus an Animal Rescue Specialist




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Developments in Training
    and Equipment
    Anton Phillips
    Animal Rescue Specialist
    Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service


    Prof. Tomas Gimenez
    Technical Large Animal Rescue Specialist
    & Large Animal Veterinarian


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Animal Awareness Training since 1997




                           However…….




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    Safe practices were required for
     rescuing large animals which
              prompted…
• Extensive research of worldwide provision
• TLAER course in US in 2005
• Both sides shared good practice and
  learnt from each other
• Strong links with animal rescue
  practitioners


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     Techniques Developed
•   Manual manipulation
•   Lifting for rescue or medical suspension
•   Rescue Glide and mechanical skidding
•   Trailer extrication or trailer righting




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Forward
 Assist
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Forward or Backward Drag

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Sideways Drag
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Roll over
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Down a Cow Harness
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Hampshire Quick Release
Rescue Slings

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Down a Cow
Harness with
quick
release
attached




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‘A’ Frame

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Hobbled Lift
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Rescue Glide
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Trailer Extrication
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Trailer Righting
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                Level 1 Training
2 Hour Awareness and Safety at animal
   incidents lecture for…
•   All operational firefighters
•   Trainee Firefighters initial course
•   Senior Fire Officers (emphasis on command and control)




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 Level 2 Training (Animal Rescue Teams)
• 2 day, Initial Large Animal Awareness/Handling
  at Sparsholt Agricultural College
• 2 day rescue course by HFRS Animal Rescue
  Specialists
• 1 day Animal Handling Refresher Workshop at
  Sparsholt College (timescale determined by need, ie access
  to local facilities during the year)
• Consolidation training assessed on station by
  Watch Manager/Animal Rescue Specialist


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  Qualifications of AR Specialists
• Technical Large Animal Rescue Instructors
 (Dept. Homeland Security / FEMA recognised qualification for USAR)

• Marine Mammal Medics
 (British Divers Marine Life Rescue)

• Small animal handling and capture training
 (RSPCA)

• Exotics, birds of prey and Reptile handling
 (Heathrow Animal Reception Centre)



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Managing the Incident
    Anton Phillips
    Animal Rescue Specialist
    Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service

    Jim Green
    Animal Rescue Specialist
    Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service




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    Traditional problems associated
           with animal rescues

• Immense pressure to “Do Something”
• No accredited techniques or fit for purpose equipment
• Lack of understanding on all sides
• Owners, Veterinarians and willing helpers directing
  firefighters to engage in unsafe practices
• Poor command and control
• High risk of injury to all at the scene
• Viability of animal reduced




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              The Horse Owner
                 At an Incident:
• May treat their horse as a child or baby
• Often act irrationally
• May try to direct Firefighters to perform
  dangerous practices
• Put themselves at great risk
• Feelings of guilt, fear and anger are common


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              The Farmer
• Animals are their livelihood
• Tend to be more rational
• May provide you with lifting equipment
• More reliable source of advice
• Not used to working in a team
  environment
• Be extra vigilant when operating around
  farm equipment


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          The Veterinarian

• Many dread being called to an animal incident
• Most have no formal animal rescue knowledge
  or experience
• Most have no knowledge of F&RS systems of
  work or PPE required to work in the inner cordon
• However, their presence is crucial to facilitate
  medical diagnosis and sedation/euthanasia



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       Other Likely Responders

•   Public
•   Farm and equine workers
•   Emergency Services
•   Other Agencies: RSPCA, Animal
    Welfare Groups, Council, Highways
    Agency



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         Minimum Awareness for
              Responders
•   Flight Zone
•   Senses: sight, smell, hearing, touch
•   General behaviour patterns
•   Animal handling and restraint techniques
•   Incident Command System and its
    application to Animal Incidents

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                             Flight Zone

                  Awareness
                   Alertness
                    Action




Flight Distance




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                       Binocular
                       Field 60-

Visual Field              70°



of the Horse
Approach from this                 Monocular field 215°
side at the shoulder




                                             Do not
                                          approach or
 Sight                                    stand in red
 smell                                       zones!

 hearing
 touch


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                 Approach

Stay calm, talk in low rhythmic tones, move
  slowly but confidently and breathe normally
Act in a non threatening, unhurried manner
Avoid direct eye contact
Never approach directly from the front or rear
Ensure the animal is aware of your presence



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 For Safety's sake do not assume
 that animals think, they REACT
A trapped animal will not generally move
  unless it senses freedom


When it is stimulated — LOOK     OUT!!


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          Incident Command
 Work under the direction of the Incident
  Commander
 Appoint a Safety Officer
 Risk Assessment and plan to be formulated
 Never release an animal unless you have a safe
  place to put it
 Plan your escape / egress as well as the
  animal’s
 Brief other agencies and crews
 Formulate plan: B-Z!!
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 Golden Rules of Animal Rescue

1. Head control (i.e. head collar or
   halter) must be placed on animal
   prior to rescue
2. Never release an animal unless you
   have a safe place for it to go
3. Always have a safe egress


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                             Head butt zone

“Safer” working
     area




         Kicking Zone
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                                                 Rescue
                  Outer
                 Cordon                          Scene
                                     IC

                             Vet           ARS




Equipment Dump                       IC




                                                    Safety
                                                    Officer




                             Risk Area
                          (Inner Cordon)


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Small Animal Entrapment…
a partnership approach

    Mike Standen
    RSPCA Animal Collections Officer

    Jim Green
    Animal Rescue Specialist
    Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service


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Cats up trees are not an immediate
  danger to life or health, so why
   should we take an interest?
83% of pet owners will risk their lives to
save an animal (American Animal Hospital Association)
Animals cause people to act irrationally
If we do not attend, the reality is
members of the public may put
themselves at risk unnecessarily to
save the animal.

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 95% of human
     ice rescue
      incidents
   in the US are
    triggered by
       animals
(lifesaving.com)




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Small animal / exotics training
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            Small Animal
             Partnership
HFRS Animal Rescue Specialists are equipped
and trained to deal with small animal incidents
and do this in conjunction with the RSPCA.




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               Mobilising policy
Regular small animal entrapment:
Animal Rescue Specialist
RSPCA Collections Officer or Inspector

Human life risk:
Local appliance
Senior Officer
Animal Rescue Specialist
RSPCA



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Approx 500 square
miles

1 Chief Inspector
7 Inspectors
3 Animal Collection
Officers

Mostly 0900-1700
Minimum staffing
after 1700,
Weekends and Bank
Holidays




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  RSPCA
Inspectors
Complaint incidents
3705
Welfare Rescues
and Collections
1477




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Animal
Collection
Officers
Welfare rescues and
Collections
3420




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24 hour     Day in the Life of an ACO
Bank
Holiday
period
324 miles
12
Incidents
17
journeys
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Assistance at Large Animal Rescue

                     Monitor the animal
                     Liaise with and
                     reassure owner




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Small
animal
Incidents

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    Efficiency savings from small
     animal mobilisation policy

In 2007 Animal Rescue Specialists completed
  70% of 164 rescues with an RSPCA Officer
The result is an annual efficiency saving of
 900 Firefighter and 320 Manager hours for
     Hampshire Fire & Rescue Service


                                   We make life safer
 Animal Rescue
Conference 2008
    Hosted by




                We make life safer

								
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