Workshop: Home and School Organic Gardening
Title: Making and Using Organic Pest Controls
Suggested This 2-4 hour session is part of a full gardening workshop. Total workshop can run
COTE between 3-5 sessions of 4 hours each recommended for week 8 of PST.
Placement However this workshop is can be moved to almost to almost any week.
1. Participants can describe the benefits of using organic pest control methods.
2. Participants can make at least two pest control recipes.
3. Participants can apply these pesticides safely on garden crops.
4. Participants can identify and make connections and or tie-ins between pest control
and formal education curriculum.
Materials Machete (colin style) (1 of each for every 3 participants), Rubber gloves (one pair for all
participants) 1 or 2 mortar and pestle, Jabon de guaba for pesticide recipes, One back
pack sprayer to apply pesticides, One rubberized spray suit for applying pesticides.
Plastic pails or buckets to make pesticides.
Soap for cleanup, First aid kit.
Logistics: Pesticide recipes would vary according to the ingredients that can be found in the training
area. Ideally the participants should collect the ingredients themselves before making the
Session Outline : Introduction - Objectives 5 Minutes
and Timeline Defining Organic Pesticides – Benefits and Limitations 25 Minutes
Gathering Local Ingredients 30 Minutes
Making Organic Pesticides 30 Minutes
Applying Organic Pesticides – How to use a Sprayer 30 Minutes
Total 2.0 hours
Description of: Introduction / Motivation
Activity / Technical trainer or facilitator introduces the above stated goals of the session.
Presentation PCTs should be aware that home and school gardening is perhaps the ideal non-formal
education tool for schools and or youth groups. Curriculum tie-ins can include natural
sciences, health and nutrition, etc.
In addition home and school gardening is often a secondary or introductory project for
many CEDE volunteers, as it is relatively simple to initiate. The confidence built up with
the school children can be a good access point for working with adults.
What is an Organic Pesticide: Have participants describe in their own words what is an
organic pest control method.
Benefits of Organic Pesticides:
Locally available materials which can be lower in cost.
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Non-toxic (in most cases). Presents less risk to people and the
Natural breakdown and short life span. They do not build up in the soil or
in fatty tissues like conventional chemical based pesticides.
Pests do not develop resistance as they often do with chemical based
Healthier foods. No toxic residues on the food crops. Some advocates
state the nutritional content of the food crop itself is increased.
Limitations of Organic Pesticides:
Organic pesticides have a limited range of action.
Most only effect a specific type of pest and only during specific stages or
For effective use, the farmer needs greater knowledge and expertise.
Can require more frequent applications, increasing labor costs.
Food crops may not have the same “picture perfect” appearance when
using natural pesticides.
Gathering Ingredients for Organic Pest Controls: Participants will gather the
ingredients necessary for the preparation of at least two organic pest control recipes. The
technical trainer should have identified at least two available in training area. The
participants should go find the indicated materials. An additional option is the have each
participant identify at least one plant or natural ingredient available locally with their host
families prior to this session. (Host family prior knowledge on the subject must be
Marking Organic Pest Controls: Using the materials collected, participants prepare
two pesticides. Divide participants into two groups and have each group prepare both
recipes. While participants are preparing the recipes, the technical trainer, PCVs and
trainees can share experiences with regards to pest control, the risks problems of
agrochemical usage in the Dominican Republic and other related themes.
Applying Organic Pesticides: Each participant will apply the prepared pesticides or one
previously prepared. Participants should wear protection gear in order and use the
backpack sprayer. The need for personal protection and pesticide use should be
Cleanup and tool Storage: Tools should be cleaned for storage, removing soil or plant
debris. Some tools made need sharpening. Although not a part of the session, this can be
an excellent opportunity for application/practice. Each participant can take one tool home
to be sharpened with their host family. Many rural farm families are very practiced at
sharpening gardening tools.
Personal Safety and Health: Trainees should also be instructed to wash their hands
thoroughly with soap and water. Many of the ingredients used are skin or eye irritants.
Participation / Practice
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All of the steps above from # 2 through #6 are hands-on activities performed by the
Generalization: At the end of the workshop, have participants summarize the steps
for making organic pesticides and describe the benefits of their use to and
considerations for use.
Reflection: If participants have already visited local schools, have them discuss
opportunities and limitations for this activity with local schools as a non-formal
Application: During extended CBT periods, participants are encouraged do plant a
home garden with their host families as an independent study/application activity.
Tools as well as additional ingredients should be available for those who choose to do
this activity. The pesticides prepared during this session should be available to the
participants to apply with their host families if desired.
Evaluation: Evaluation of this session is made by the technical trainer as he observes the
participation in the actual work throughout the session. Feedback on techniques can be
given at the moment. Feedback on motivation can be given during interviews.
Additional Notes/ All participants should be given a copy of the gardening manual prior to the start of this
Recommendations: workshop. Advise participants to wear closed shoes prior to the start of the session.
Sources: Prepared by T. Kiefer, Entrena S.A. March 2008
Additional contacts about pesticides that have participated in PST as follows:
AFIPA - Asociación de Fabricantes e Importadoras de Productos Agroquímicos Inc.
NAME TITLE E-MAIL
Ing. Agron. Luis Pelletier Director Ejecutivo email@example.com
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