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					        Kids’ Time
Middle School Survey Report


  Ohio Statewide Sample

             October 2002


             Report Prepared By:

    Dawn Anderson-Butcher, Ph.D., L.I.S.W.
           College of Social Work


          Theresa M. Ferrari, Ph.D.
        Ohio State University Extension
           4-H Youth Development

           The Ohio State University
                    Action for Children and The Ohio State University
                   Kids’ Time Middle School Survey Report
                               Report for Ohio Statewide Sample
                                         October 2002

The following report provides the results from the Kids’ Time Middle School Survey conducted in
May-June 2002. This report is based on the 4,601 students from 22 schools throughout Ohio who
completed the survey. All items are based on student self-report and should be interpreted accordingly.
Data collection procedures are outlined in Appendix A. The purposes of this survey were to determine
the following:

      How middle school students spend their out-of-school time
      Motivations for participation in out-of-school activities
      How middle school students would like to spend their out-of-school time
      Barriers to participation in out-of-school activities

This report is organized in three sections:

      Section 1: What Adolescents Are Doing and Why
      Section 2: What Adolescents Express as Interests and Needs
      Section 3: Participant Characteristics

A copy of the survey is included as Appendix B. The list of schools that completed the survey appears
in Appendix C.




            Section 1: What Adolescents Are Doing and Why

Current Activity Participation

Adolescents provided information about the extracurricular activities in which they participated.
Given a list of activities, adolescents noted how many days per week they participate in each activity
as well as how many hours per day. The activities that adolescents participated in most frequently
were:

      Sports teams (51%)
      Art, music, or dance lessons (22%)
      School-based after-school programs (21%)




                                                   2
The highest number of hours per day that adolescents reported spending in an activity was about 1
hour for sports teams. About half of the adolescents (51%) participated in this activity. Fewer than
one fourth participate in each of the remaining activities. Table 1 illustrates these results. Note that
responses are based on n = 4,020-4,194 adolescents. Note that average days and hours are small due to
the low number of youth who actually participate in most activities.


                     Table 1: Frequency and Duration of Activity Participation

                                                                        Average           Average
                                                   % Who             Number of Days      Number of
             Types of Activities                  Participate          per Week         Hours per Day
 Sports teams                                        51%                 1.59               1.17
 Art, music, or dance lessons                        22%                 0.46               0.39
 School-based after-school programs                  21%                 0.44               0.35
 Other kinds of lessons                              18%                 0.40               0.38
 Youth organizations, such as 4-H, Scouts            16%                 0.24               0.32
 Leadership or service clubs, like Key               13%                 0.21               0.20
   Club, Student Council
 Tutoring/homework assistance programs                     10%            0.22                0.18
 After-school programs such as Boys and                     8%            0.18                0.19
   Girls Club or YMCA



Adolescents also reported how often they participated in various leisure activities. Given a list of
activities, adolescents indicated whether they did that activity “never,” “occasionally,” “once or twice a
week,” “several times a week,” or “almost every day.” Combining the frequencies for several times a
week and almost every day, the activities most frequently engaged in by adolescents were:

      Listening to music (79%)
      Watching TV (76%)
      Hanging out with friends (66%)

On the other hand, adolescents spent little time in:

      Participating in extracurricular activities and clubs (13%)
      Reading a book on their own (19%)



Table 2 provides the percentage of adolescents indicating each response as well as the mean score for
each item. Possible scores for each item range from 0 to 4. The response scale is as follows: 0 =
“never,” 1 = “occasionally,” 2 = “once or twice a week,” 3 = “several times a week,” and 4 = “almost
every day.” Therefore, the higher the mean score was for the activity, the greater the frequency of
participation. Note that the number of responses for activities ranges from n = 4,008 to 4,214
adolescents.

                                                       3
                            Table 2: Frequency of Activity Participation

                                                                          Once     Several   Almost
                                   Mean                                    or      times a    every
            Activities             Score      Never     Occasionally     twice a    week       day
                                                                          week
 Listen to music                    3.28       2%           12%            7%       14%        65%

 Watch TV                           3.15       2%           14%           9%        18%        57%

 Hang out with friends              2.87       4%           14%           15%       22%        44%

 Play video games or use the        2.72       6%           19%           15%       19%        41%
   computer
 Do homework or studying            2.60       8%           20%           14%       21%        37%

 Do household chores                2.42       10%          21%           19%       18%        32%

 Play a sport                       2.33       13%          22%           16%       19%        31%

 Do physical activity (besides      2.24       14%          23%           17%       18%        28%
    organized sports)
 Spend time alone                   1.92       14%          34%           18%       13%        21%

 Read a book on your own (not       1.35       28%          40%           13%        7%        12%
    for school)
 Participate in extracurricular     0.96       50%          24%           13%        7%        6%
   activities or clubs


Student Employment

Adolescents were asked if they held a job during the school year and/or during the summer. They then
indicated the number of hours they worked per week at that job. During the school year, 18% of the
adolescents indicated they had a job working one or more hours, while 42% worked this amount
during the summer. It should be noted that the adolescents were not asked to report the location or the
nature of the job they performed.

                                   Table 3: Student Employment

                                                 Percent
             Employment Type                   Working One                 Hours Worked
                                              or More Hours        1-3       4-6   7-9        10 
  Have job during school year (n = 4,213)         18%              8%        6%    2%          3%
  Have job during summer (n = 4,231)              42%             11%       14%    6%         11%


                                                    4
Motivations for Involvement

Adolescents were asked to select an activity they most liked to do. They could select any activity and
write it in the space provided; that is, they did not select this activity from a predetermined list. Many
activities were listed; however, those activities most often selected were sports. The top three activities
listed were:

      Basketball
      Sports, in general
      Football

From a list of reasons provided, adolescents were then asked to select the reasons that were motivators
to participate in the chosen activity, as noted above. Those motivators receiving the highest scores
were:

      To have fun.
      I love it.
      I am good at it.
      To develop my skills and abilities.

Table 4 shows the percentage of adolescents providing each response as well as the mean score for
these items. Possible scores for each item range from 0 to 2. The response scale is as follows: 0 = “not
a reason,” 1 = “minor reason,” and 2 = “major reason.” Note that responses ranged from n = 3,966 to n
= 4,046.

             Table 4: Motivations for Participation in Adolescents’ Favorite Activities

                                                                            Reason for You?
                                                        Mean        Not a      Minor        Major
                    Possible Reasons                    Score      reason      reason       reason
 To have fun.                                            1.78        5%          11%         84%
 I love this activity.                                   1.78        6%          10%         84%
 I am good at it.                                        1.48       14%          25%         61%
 To develop my skills and abilities.                     1.36       18%          27%         55%
 It is interesting.                                      1.27       20%          34%         46%
 To stay in shape.                                       1.16       30%          24%         46%
 To relieve stress.                                      1.11       28%          32%         40%
 I had friends who were participating.                   0.93       38%          31%         31%
 To expand my horizons.                                  0.81       45%          29%         26%
 I like to be creative.                                  0.76       49%          26%         25%
 To help on my college application.                      0.64       59%          18%         23%
 Other family members have done this activity.           0.64       54%          28%         18%
 My friends wanted me to participate.                    0.57       61%          22%         17%
 My parents wanted me to participate.                    0.50       63%          23%         14%
 To help others.                                         0.50       63%          25%         12%
 To help me get a job.                                   0.47       68%          17%         15%
 To make a difference in my school or community.         0.41       70%          18%         12%
                                                5
After-School Situations

Adolescents were asked to indicate whether they went home after school and if so, who was present,
choosing from a list of possible responses. Over one-third of the adolescents reported that there is no
adult at home when they go home after school. Responses are included in Table 5.

                                       Table 5: Who Is At Home

                                       Situation                  Percent
                                                                (n = 4,441)
                            Parent or grown up is home             60%
                            No adult is home                         20%
                            No adults, older siblings                11%
                            No adult, I care for siblings            6%
                            I don’t go home after school             4%

Adolescents were asked to indicate the amount of time they spent alone, both in days per week and
hours per day. About two-thirds (68%) of the adolescents spent one or more days alone after school.
While 18% indicated that they do not spend any time alone, about one in three adolescents spend three
or more hours alone. This information is summarized in Table 6.

                                       Table 6: Time Spent Alone

                   Days/Week          Percent           Hours/Day            Percent
                                    (n = 4,481)                            (n = 4,478)
                   0 days              32%         Up to 1 hr.                34%
                   5 days              20%         3 or more hours            29%
                   1 day               15%         2 hr.                      19%
                   2 days              14%         0 hours                    18%
                   3 days              13%
                   4 days               6%

   Section 2: What Adolescents Express as Interests and Needs
Likelihood of Participation

Adolescents reported on the likelihood that they would participate in various activities if they had the
opportunity. Given a list of programs, adolescents indicated how likely they would be to participate in
each one by answering “no chance;” “small chance;” “maybe;” “good chance;” and “yes, definitely.”
Combining the figures for “good chance” and “yes, definitely”, their responses show that they would
be most likely to participate in:

      Sports teams (67%)
      Friday night activities (60%)
      Weekend activities (54%)
                                                    6
Table 7 displays the percentage of adolescents who provided each answer. Responses ranged from n =
4,042 to 4,076.

                                  Table 7: Likelihood of Participation

                                                        How Likely are You to Participate?
                Kinds of Programs                   No     Small    Maybe      Good       Yes,
                                                  chance chance               chance definitely
       Sports teams                                12%      8%        13%      18%        49%

       Friday night organized activity             17%       8%        15%        21%        39%
          programs such as sports, dances, etc.
       Activities on the weekends                  17%      10%        18%        18%        37%

       Arts programs, such as music, drama,        32%      16%        17%        17%        18%
         art, dance
       Open computer lab time before or after      35%      20%        19%        13%        13%
         school
       Clubs that meet after school                36%      20%        22%        13%         9%

       Community service programs                  35%      24%        23%        12%         6%

       Environmental education programs            41%      26%        20%        8%          4%

       After-school tutoring programs for          45%      25%        17%        8%          4%
          help with class work


Activity Needs: Directions for the Future

Adolescents answered questions indicating their perceptions of the availability and need for a variety
of activities. On each item, adolescents answered “NO!;” “no;” “yes;” or “YES!” to indicate the extent
to which they agreed with each statement. Note that between 3,966 to 4,054 adolescents responded to
these questions. Their responses provided the following insights:

        77% said kids need to have more of a say in the way activities are run.
        73% said there are enough sports teams for kids my age.
        65% said there is a need for after-school activities.
        62% said adults in my community don’t understand what kids my age like to do.
        50% said there is a need for more late night and weekend activities.
        48% said there are enough recreation activities.
        45% said there are enough clubs for kids my age to join.
        44% said kids in my community get into trouble because there is not enough to do.
        44% said there is a need for more leadership activities in my school.
        41% said there are enough arts programs for kids my age.
        40% said there is nothing for kids to do or fun places to go after school and on weekends.

                                                     7
Parental Monitoring During Out-of-School Time

Adolescents responded to questions that provided information about their parental monitoring during
the out-of-school time. Possible scores on each item range from 1 to 4. The response scale is as
follows: 1 = “NO!;” 2 = “no;” 3 = “yes;” and 4 = “YES!” Table 8 displays adolescents’ mean
responses on these items as well as the percentage of adolescents indicating each response. Higher
scores indicated a greater degree of agreement with the statement.

Over 80% of the adolescents reported that their parents provided some monitoring of their
whereabouts. Calling when they arrive home from school was less likely to be used as a monitoring
strategy. About one-fourth of the adolescents said they do not agree with their parents about the kinds
of activities in which they participate. Note that the scores are based on n = 4,147 to n = 4,192
responses.

                     Table 8: Parental Monitoring During Out-of-School Time

                                                                Strongly                      Strongly
                       Item                          Mean       disagree Disagree    Agree     agree
                                                     Score        NO!       no        yes      YES!
 My parents want me to tell them where I am if I      3.41         3%      7%        35%        55%
 don't come home right after school.
 In my free time away from home, my parents              3.25     4%        9%        45%       42%
 know whom I'm with and where I am.
 My parents want to know with whom I am                  3.19     7%       10%        41%       42%
 going out when I go out with other boys and
 girls.
 If I am home alone after school, there is               3.19     6%       10%        43%       41%
 someone nearby that I can call if I need to.
 My parents and I agree on the kinds of activities       2.78   14.5%      20%       37.5%      28%
 that I should participate in.
 When I come home from school and no one                 2.41    21%       36%        22%       21%
 else is there, I have to call to let them know I
 am home.



Barriers to Involvement

Adolescents also provided information about reasons that keep them from doing the kinds of activities
they would like to do. Given a list of possible reasons, adolescents indicated to what extent each
reason was a barrier for them. According to their responses, the top barriers that influenced student
involvement were:

      Lack of choice (28%)
      Lack of time (25%)
      Friends are not there (24%)
                                                     8
Table 9 illustrates these results. Note that the percentages in the table are based on n = 3,970 to n =
4,022 student responses.

                                   Table 9: Barriers to Involvement

                                                              How Much of a Reason for You?
                    Possible Reasons                         not a     minor          major
                                                            reason     reason         reason
   Lack of choice; the things I like are not offered.        41%        31%            28%

   Lack of time; I am too busy doing other things.            34%            41%             25%

   My friends are not there or I don’t know anyone in         45%            31%             24%
     the activities, so I don’t want to go by myself.
   Lack of money; programs cost too much.                     56%            27%             17%

   Lack of information, I don’t know about what is            48%            35%             17%
     available.
   Lack of transportation; there is no way for me to          54%            29%             17%
     get places or I live too far away.
   Lack of availability; there are no programs in our         59%            26%             15%
     community.
   My parents won’t let me do the kinds of things I           70%            18%             12%
     like to do.
   Other responsibilities; I have to babysit my brother       65%            23%             12%
     or sister.



                      Section 3: Participant Characteristics
School Demographics

Adolescents in 22 schools completed the survey. The number of students in each school completing the
surveys ranged from 60 students to 533 students. Schools represented rural (33% of students),
suburban (29% of students), and urban populations (38% of students). The list of schools completing
the survey is contained in Appendix C.

Participant Demographics

Adolescents responded to a number of questions designed to elicit basic demographic information. Of
the 4,601 adolescents who completed the survey, 2,289 (51%) were male, and 2,210 (49%) were
female. The average age was 12.9 years old, with ages ranging from 10 to 16. There were 205
adolescents in the 5th grade (5%), 1,223 adolescents in 6th grade (27%), 1,691 in 7th grade (37%), and
1,432 in 8th grade (31%). Three-quarters of the adolescents were White (75%), with 10% African
American, 6% mixed race, 4% Hispanic, 2% Native American, 2% Other, and 1% Asian.

                                                        9
School Performance

Adolescents were asked to choose a response that best described their average grades in school.
Almost half (47%) indicated that they received A’s and B’s in school; 25% indicated that their grades
were mostly C’s or below. Table 10 illustrates and expands upon these results.

                                     Table 10: Average Grades

                                                           Percent
                                        Grades
                                                         (n = 4,494)
                                Mostly A’s and B’s          47%
                                Mostly B’s and C’s          28%
                                Mostly C’s                  10%
                                Mostly C’s and D’s          11%
                                Mostly D’s and F’s           4%

Home and Family Characteristics

Adolescents responded to questions about their home and family characteristics. First, adolescents
indicated the response that best described their family living situation. As Table 11 shows, most
adolescents (58%) responded that they live with two parents.

                                     Table 11: Living Situation

                                 Living Situation                        Percent
                                    (n = 4,568)
                2 parents (mother and father)                              58%
                1 parent and 1 stepparent                                  14%
                Mother only                                                13%
                Sometimes mother, sometimes father                          7%
                Father only                                                 2%
                Grandparent -- grandmother, grandfather, or both            2%
                Guardian                                                    1%
                Other                                                       3%

On questions regarding their mother’s and father’s employment, respondents checked the category that
best fit them. As Table 12 shows, two-thirds of the adolescents (68%) reported that their father was
employed full time. Also, about half of the adolescents (52%) reported that their mother worked full
time.

                                  Table 12: Parent’s Employment

  Employment Type           Father’s Employment (n = 4,406)        Mother’s Employment (n = 4,478)
Employed full time                       68%                                   52%
Employed part time                        9%                                   21%
Not currently employed                    6%                                   14%
Don’t know                               17%                                   13%
                                              10
Of the adolescents living in two-parent homes, approximately 74% indicated that both parents work
either full time or part time. Of the adolescents living in a single-parent home, approximately 90%
indicated that this parent works full time or part time.

Adolescents provided information about their mobility by indicating the number of times they have
changed homes and/or schools during this school year and since kindergarten. Table 13 illustrates
these results.

                                                      Table 13: Mobility

                                               Mobility                                         Percent
                           Changed schools, past year (n = 3,934)                                13%
                           Changed homes, past year (n = 4,135)                                  19%
                           Changed schools, since kindergarten (n = 4,002)                       58%
                           Changed homes, since kindergarten (n = 4,206)                         65%




For more information contact:

         Dawn Anderson-Butcher, Ph.D., L.I.S.W.                                   Theresa M. Ferrari, Ph.D.
                  Assistant Professor                                     Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist
            325 D Stillman Hall, 1947 College Road                              Ohio State University Extension,
                     College of Social Work                              4-H Youth Development, 2120 Fyffe Rd., Rm. 25
                    The Ohio State University                                      Columbus, OH 43210-1084
                   Columbus, OH 43210-1162                                Phone: (614) 292-4444 Fax: (614) 292-5937
          Phone: (614) 292-8596 Fax: (614) 292-6940                           E-mail: tferrari@ag.ohio-state.edu
             E-mail: anderson-butcher.1@osu.edu                                 Website: http://www.ohio4h.org


                                                     Karen Jackson
                                      State Coordinator, Out-of–School Time Project
                                                       Action for Children
                                             78 Jefferson St., Columbus, OH 43215
                                     Phone: (614) 224-0222 Ext. 160 Fax: (614) 224-5437
                                        E-mail: karenjackson@actionforchildren.org
                                          Website: http://www.outofschooltime.org


The authors acknowledge the support of those who helped to collect and enter data for this report: Out-of-School Time Specialists; Ohio
  State University Extension 4-H Youth Development Agents; and Amy Grandy, Eric Gregoire, Amber Kwiatkowski, Theresa Midle,
                           Heather Munn, Grace Nwoku, Jessica Paisley, Beth Pinkston, and Kayo Uchida.




                                                                 11
                                      Appendix A
                              Data Collection Procedures

This survey was developed by Dr. Dawn Anderson-Butcher and Dr. Theresa Ferrari of The
Ohio State University. Approval was gained from the university’s Institutional Review Board
prior to data collection.

Action for Children solicited participation from school district superintendents via letter and
follow-up phone call. Efforts were made to include a geographic representation of schools
around the state. Upon agreement to participate, superintendents chose a middle school or
schools in their district to collect school-wide data. Action for Children contacted the principal
at the selected middle schools to coordinate the data collection procedures.

Data were collected from 5th through 8th grade students in 22 schools in Ohio in May-June
2002. Students received the survey during a class at school. All students at the selected grades
who were present on the day of data collection were asked to complete the survey.

Students were informed that their responses were confidential, that their participation was
voluntary, and that there were no consequences if they chose not to participate. Their assent
was gained prior to beginning the data collection. Surveys were anonymous and no personal
identifier was provided on the survey. Once completed, the students returned the survey to the
appointed teacher/school personnel charged with data collection at the school.

The surveys were returned to Action for Children and the data were entered and analyzed at
The Ohio State University.




                                            12
                                                     Appendix B
                                                        Survey

                            Kids’ Time Survey
                            Out-of-School Time for Middle School Youth
                                           Youth Survey

This survey is designed to find out what you currently do in your out-of-school time as well as what you would
like to do. Your answers will help to inform decisions about existing and new programs for kids your age.

Your answers to this survey are confidential; no one will know how you responded. Your participation and
thoughtful answers are greatly appreciated. However, your participation is voluntary and you may stop doing the
survey at any time. You do not have to answer any questions that you do not want to answer. There is no
consequence to you if you do not complete the survey.

Directions:
For each question, please mark the answer that best describes you or matches your participation and interest in
out-of-school activities. There are no “right” or “wrong” answers.

                                    Questions About You

Please mark one answer for each question.

1.       How old are you?         ___10 ___11 ___12 ___13 ___14 ___15 ___16
                                                th       th          th      th
2.       What is your grade in school?   ___5        ___6     ___7        ___8    ___9th

3.       What is your gender?     ____ male                   ___ female

4.      What do you consider yourself to be?
 ___ White                                           ___ Spanish/Hispanic/Latino
 ___ Black or African American                       ___ Mixed Race
 ___ American Indian/Native American                 ___ Other:
 ___ Asian/Pacific Islander

5.       Which best describes your family living situation?
 I live with . . . (Mark only one):
 ___ 2 parents (mother and father)                ___ sometimes mother, sometimes father
 ___ mother only                                  ___ grandparent -- grandmother, grandfather, or both
 ___ father only                                  ___ guardian
 ___ 1 parent and 1 stepparent                    ___ other: _______________________

     6. Which of the following describes your                    7. Which of the following describes your father’s
        mother’s work situation?                                    work situation?

     ___ Employed full time                                      ___ Employed full time
     ___ Employed part time                                      ___ Employed part time
     ___ Not currently employed                                  ___ Not currently employed
     ___ Don’t know                                              ___ Don’t know




                                                            13
8.     Which of the following best describes your average grades so far in school?
___ Mostly A’s & B’s                   ___ Mostly C’s                   ___ Mostly D’s & F’s
___ Mostly B’s & C’s                   ___ Mostly C’s & D’s

9.     Have you ever received recognition (awards, honor roll, etc.) for your academic work?
___ No        ___ Yes

10.    Have you ever had to repeat a grade?
___ No        ___ Yes

Answer Questions #11 and #12 using the box below.
11. How many times have you moved? In the box below, check one number for times you have changed
homes.

12. How many times have you moved? In the box below, check one number for times you have changed
schools.
   Check one number for        #11 - Times You Have Changed        #12 - Times You Have Changed
   times you have changed                  Homes?                              Schools?
   homes & one number for     0    1    2     3     4     More    0    1     2     3    4     More
   times you have changed                                than 4                              than 4
   schools.
   a. This school year

      b. Since kindergarten


Current Activities
13.    During the past 12 months, on how many sports teams did you play?
 ___ I did not play on a sports team   ___ 2 teams                  ___ 4 teams
 ___ 1 team                            ___ 3 teams                  ___ 5 or more teams

14.     When you get home from school, who is waiting for you most days?
 ___ A parent or other grown-up is there.
 ___ No one else is home -- I am alone for awhile.
 ___ No grown-up is home -- I take care of my younger brother(s) and/or sister(s).
 ___ No grown-up is home -- my older brother(s) and/or sister(s) is there.
 ___ I don't go home after school.

15. Typically, how many days per week after school do you spend time on your own, without an adult present?
___ 0 days                     ___ 2 days              ___ 4 days
___ 1 day                      ___ 3 days              ___ 5 days

16. Typically, how many hours per day after school do you spend on your own, without an adult present?
___ 0 hours                  ___ I hour           ___ 3 hours
___ less than 1 hour         ___ 2 hours          ___ more than 3 hours

17.     Do you have a part-time job?
       During the school year? ___No          ___Yes, during the school year
       During the summer?       ___No         ___Yes, during the summer

18. If you answered “yes” to question #17, how many hours per week do you spend on this job? Please
circle the number of hours. If “no,” skip to question 19.

                School Year Hours                                         Summer Hours
Less than 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, over 10    Less than 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, over 10


                                                          14
Answer questions #19 and #20 using the box below:
19.        In a typical week, how many days per week do you participate in after-school activities? Please mark
in the box below. Check a number for the number of weekdays, and make another check if you participate on
weekends.

20.        In a typical week, how many hours per day do you participate in after-school activities? Please mark
in the box below.

            Type of Activities                     #19 - Days Per Week                #20 - Hours Per Day
                                                How many days per week do           How many hours per day do
                                                     you participate?                    you participate?
    For each activity, check one number                               on the                              more
    for days per week and one number           0 1 2 3 4 5            week-         0    1    2     3    than 3
    for hours per day.                                                 end
    a. Sports teams
    b. Leadership or service clubs, like
        Key Club, Student Council
    c. Youth organizations, such as 4-H,
         Scouts
    d. School-based after-school
        programs
    e. After-school programs such as
        Boys and Girls Club or YMCA
    f. Tutoring/homework assistance
        programs
    g. Art, music, or dance lessons
    h. Other kinds of lessons

Answer Questions #21 and #22 using the box below.
21.      In a typical week, after school gets out and before you go to bed, what activities do you spend the most
of your time doing? In the box below, check how often you do each activity list.

22. Pick three (3) activities that you spend most of your time doing, in a typical week. In the box below, write
“1” for the thing you do most often, “2” is for the second most often activity, and “3” is the third most often. Write
the number in the column marked “Mark Top 3.”

              Activities                                        #21 - How Often?                            #22 Mark
                                                                                                             Top 3
                                           Never     Occasionally     Once or      Several       Almost
                                                                      twice a      times a       every
                                                                       week          week         day
a. Read a book on your own (not for
    school)
b. Listen to music
c. Play a sport
d. Do physical activity (besides
    organized sports)
e. Do homework or studying
f. Watch TV
g. Play video games or use the
   computer
h. Hang out with friends
i. Participate in extracurricular
   activities or clubs
j. Do household chores
k. Spend time alone

                                                          15
23.      Of the activities that you currently do, think of the one activity you most like to do.

Write this activity here: ___________________________

24.      Think about the activity that you listed above and answer the following questions. Why have you
participated in this activity? For each potential reason, check one of following responses in the box below: not
a reason, a minor reason, or a major reason.

                     Possible Reasons                                           Reason for You?

                                                                Not a reason    Minor reason         Major reason
  a. It is interesting.
  b. To develop my skills and abilities.
  c. I am good at it.
  d. To help others.
  e. To make a difference in my school or community.
  f. To stay in shape.
  g. To relieve stress.
  h. I had friends who were participating.
  i. My friends wanted me to participate.
  j. My parents wanted me to participate.
  k. Other family members have done this activity.
  l. To help on my college application.
  m. To help me get a job.
  n. I like to be creative.
  o. To expand my horizons.
  p. To have fun.
  q. I love this activity.

25.      Please answer the following questions about rules you might have for your out-of-school time. Mark
         your response in the box below.

                                                                     Strongly    Disagree     Agree      Strongly
                                                                     disagree                             agree
                                                                       NO!          no             yes    YES!
      a. My parents want to know with whom I am going out               NO!         no             yes    YES!
         when I go out with other boys and girls.
      b. In my free time away from home, my parents know               NO!          no             yes    YES!
         whom I'm with and where I am.
      c. My parents want me to tell them where I am if I don't         NO!          no             yes    YES!
         come home right after school.
      d. When I come home from school and no one else is               NO!          no             yes    YES!
           there, I have to call to let them know I am home.
      e. If I am home alone after school, there is someone             NO!          no             yes    YES!
         nearby that I can call if I need to.
      f. My parents and I agree on the kinds of activities that I      NO!          no             yes    YES!
         should participate in.




                                                           16
                                               Your Interests

26.     The box below contains a list of programs that might be available to you. If these kinds of programs were
        available, how likely is it that you would participate? Please check one answer for each kind of program
        listed.

                   Kinds of Programs                            How Likely for You to Participate?
                                                        No          Small      Maybe     Good      Yes,
                                                      chance       chance               chance definitely
       a. After-school programs for enrichment and
          fun (lessons of all kinds)
       b. After-school tutoring programs for help
           with class work
       c. Arts programs, such as music, drama,
          art, dance
       d. Environmental education programs

       e. Community service programs

       f. Sports teams

       g. Clubs that meet after school

       h. Open computer lab time before or after
           school
       i. Friday night organized activity programs
           such as sports, dances, etc.
       j. Activities on the weekends

27.    Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements. Check one
      answer for each statement.

                                                     Strongly    Somewhat    Somewhat     Strongly   Don’t
                      Statements                     disagree     disagree     agree       agree     know
                                                       NO!           no         yes        YES!
       a. There is nothing for kids my age to do                                                     Don’t
          or fun places to go after school and on      NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
          weekends.
       b. There are enough clubs for kids my age                                                     Don’t
          to join.                                     NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       c. There are enough sports teams for kids                                                     Don’t
           my age.                                     NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       d. There are enough arts programs for                                                         Don’t
          kids my age.                                 NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       e. There are enough recreation programs                                                       Don’t
          for kids my age.                             NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       f. There is a need for more leadership                                                        Don’t
          activities in my school.                     NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       g. There is a need for more weekend and                                                       Don’t
          late night programs in my community.         NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       h. Kids in my community get into trouble                                                      Don’t
          because there is not enough to do.           NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       i. Adults in my community don’t                                                               Don’t
          understand what kids my age like to do.      NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
       j. Kids need to have more of a say in the                                                     Don’t
          way activities are run.                      NO!          no          yes         YES!     know
                                                        17
28.       Do you wish there were more after-school activities in your neighborhood or community? Please
          check one.

             ___ Yes, there is a great need.            ___ No, there is not a need.
             ___ Yes, there is some need.               ___ No, there is already enough to do.
                                                        ___ No, I am not interested.

29.       What are the reasons that keep you from doing the kinds of activities that you would like to do?

                       Possible Reasons                                 How Much of a Reason for You?

                                                                   not a reason   minor reason   major reason
      a. Lack of money; programs cost too much.

      b. Lack of time; I am too busy doing other things.

      c. Lack of information, I don’t know about what is
         available.
      d. Lack of transportation; there is no way for me to
         get places or I live too far away.
      e. Lack of choice; the things I like are not offered.

      f. Lack of availability; there are no programs in our
         community.
      g. My friends are not there or I don’t know anyone
         in the activities, so I don’t want to go by myself.
      h. My parents won’t let me do the kinds of things I
         like to do.
      i. Other responsibilities; I have to babysit my brother
         or sister.




                                                        The End
                                                      Thank you!




                                                              18
                                  Appendix C

                           Participating Schools

                                                               Students
         School         Location               District      Participating
                                                              n        %
Barrett Middle           Urban   Columbus Public Schools     186     4.0%
Bealsville Elementary    Rural   Switzerland of Ohio         77      1.7%
Bealsville High          Rural   Switzerland of Ohio         77      1.7%
Caldwell Elementary      Rural   Caldwell Exempted Village   69      1.5%
                                 Schools
Eastern Heights          Urban   Elyria City Schools         308     6.7%
Glenwood Middle          Urban   Findlay City Schools        227     4.9%
Grant Middle             Urban   Portsmouth                  217     4.7%
Hannibal Elementary       Rural  Switzerland of Ohio          87     1.9%
Licking Heights         Suburban Licking Heights Schools     207     4.5%
Maysville                 Rural  Maysville School District   329     7.2%
                                 (S. Zanesville)
Northwood Jr. High       Urban   Findlay City Schools        278     6.0%
Perrysburg              Suburban Perrysburg                  533     11.6%
Powhatan                  Rural  Switzerland of Ohio         127      2.8%
Reynoldsburg            Suburban Reynoldsburg City Schools   435      9.5%
Sardis Elementary         Rural     Switzerland of Ohio       76     1.7%
Shenandoah                Rural     Noble Local              220     4.8%
Skyvue Elementary         Rural     Switzerland of Ohio      115     2.5%
South Amherst Middle    Suburban Firelands Local (Lorain)    278     6.0%
St. Sylvester             Rural  Private                      60     1.3%
West Middle              Urban      Lima City Schools        204     4.4%
Whittier                 Urban      Elyria City Schools      305     6.6%
Woodsfield Elementary     Rural     Switzerland of Ohio       186    4.0%
        TOTAL                                                4,601   100%




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