Guidelines for preparing a Waste week of garbage plus 120 or 240 litres per
Management Plan week of recycling. The garbage and
recycling needs of residents in high
These guidelines are for developers and density developments (20 or more
planning permit applicants in the City of apartments) are typically lower than this.
Melbourne. The following generation rates will help
determine the number and types of bins
The guidelines will help you prepare a plan your development will need.
to manage the waste and recycling needs for
your development. This guide outlines Residential Garbage Recycling Paper and
requirements for both residential and dwelling cardboard
commercial developments. Please note that Individual 120L 120L or Not
mixed use developments will call for the Dwelling per 240L applicable*
use of both these sections. week per week
3 bedroom 120L 60L 60L
Your waste management plan must include apartment per per week per week
details of: or greater week
Land use type 2 bedroom 120L 50L 50L
Waste generation apartment per per week per week
Waste Systems week
Bin quantity, size and colour 1 bedroom 80L 35L 35L
Frequency of collection or studio per per week per week
Scaled waste management drawings apartment week
Storage and waste collection
* A separate cardboard service is not applicable
for individual dwellings
Additional waste requirements
Figure 1: Standard residential bins – 120L
garbage and recycle bins.
What to include in your Waste Management
Details of the following must be provided:
All land uses
chutes, carousels, drop-off areas and
The City of Melbourne requires a summary
of the proposed land use. This should
access to bin rooms, chutes, drop-off areas
access to hard waste, green waste and
land use zoning
number of floors
day-to-day management of the waste
number of residential apartments
number of studio or one bedroom
Developers must ensure that recycling and
garbage deposit locations are equally
number of apartments with two bedrooms
accessible to residents.
number of apartments with three or more
Bin rooms that are directly accessed by
residents must be in convenient locations.
number of commercial outlets
Developments with six or more storeys
types of commercial outlets
must use a chute or equivalent system on
size of commercial outlets (m²)
each floor for both garbage and recycling.
Where chute systems are installed, the
City of Melbourne requires bins or carts to
In addition to information about the
have reinforced bases for better longevity.
proposed land use, the City of Melbourne
Bins quantity, size and colour
requires the following information be
Your Waste Management Plan must
include the number or bins and their sizes.
The City of Melbourne’s standard bin
The City of Melbourne's residential waste
sizes are listed below:
entitlement per dwelling is 120 litres per
Bin or cart Lid colour Size managers and contractors. Residential
Garbage Dark green 1100L or waste must be kept separate from
lid and 660L - commercial waste.
dark green provided by The following details must be provided:
body developer. bin room size (m²)
120L or bin layout
240L wash-down area
(provided by ventilation
City of vermin prevention
Melbourne noise reduction
Recycling Yellow lid 120L or stormwater pollution prevention
and dark 240L
green body (provided by Storage and waste collection
City of Garbage and recycling bins must always
Melbourne) be stored on-site between collections. It is
660L illegal for bins to be stored without a
(provided by permit in streets, laneways or parks.
developer) Developments must have on-site
Cardboard Blue lid 1100L collection (loading dock) if they have
and blue (provided by multiple collection days or not enough
body City of kerbside presentation space.
Melbourne) On-site loading docks must cater for the
Figure 2: Standard bins for high density size of City of Melbourne’s waste
residential developments – 240L recycle, vehicles.
1100L cardboard and 1100L garbage bins City of Melbourne’s waste trucks (MRV)
When designing bins rooms, the following minimum height 4.0 metres
standard bin dimensions* can be used: minimum width 3.6 metres
minimum length 8.8 metres
Type Width Depth Height
maximum weight loading 24 tonne.
(litre) (metre) (metre) (metre)
Bins that are permitted at the kerbside for
120 0.5 0.6 1.0
collection must not obstruct pedestrians or
240 0.6 0.8 1.1 street furniture. Where kerbside collection
660 1.4 0.7 1.2 is not permitted, collection must be on-site
1100 1.4 1.3 1.5 or bin rooms must be located on the
* Please check with suppliers as these may property boundary and open directly onto
vary the street or laneway to allow waste
contractor direct access.
Collection frequency Waste collection vehicles must cross
The City of Melbourne provides garbage designated bicycle lanes/paths in a forward
and recycling collections once a week, from direction only.
Monday to Friday. There are no weekend For individual dwellings (one house of
collections provided by City of Melbourne. townhouse), residents manage their own
More frequent collections can be provided, garden waste and hard waste through our
depending on the density of the kerbside service.
development, at City of Melbourne’s For low density developments (more than
discretion. one townhouse but fewer than 20
Any weekend collections will need to use a apartments), the occupants or body
private waste collection contractor. corporate are responsible for placing the
Bin storage room bins out for collection. Occupants also
Developers must provide a bin room and in manage their own garden waste, and hard
the case of high density and mixed use waste through our kerbside service.
developments, multiple rooms may be The building manager of multi-unit
required. Adequate access must be provided developments is responsible for putting the
for all users including residents, building
bins out for collection or providing access Sufficient access must also be provided for
for waste collectors to the bin room. waste contractors. Collection is usually co-
If bins are stored in a basement or car park, ordinated by the building manager.
the building manager is responsible for Green waste
ensuring the bins are taken to street level for City of Melbourne has a monthly green
collection. waste collection for residents only. Green
For health and safety, the City of waste collections are not often required in
Melbourne recommends developers high density developments. If green waste
consider additional mechanical assistance collections are planned an adequate space
when transferring bins that are not stored at will be required to store the material for
street level. collection and access must be provided for
Scaled waste management drawings Charity goods
Developers must provide a set of scaled The City of Melbourne recommends all
drawings showing the disposal of waste residential high density developments with
from the occupant to the final collection more than 50 apartments provide space for
point by waste contractor. one charity bin. Charity bins are available
The drawings must include: in various sizes, but 1m² is adequate for
generic residential and commercial floor most developments.
showing garbage and recycling drop-off Most charities offer a free service
points including bin supply and collection and
bin rooms including any chutes, carousels, will collect clothing, used furniture and
compactors and bins home wares in good condition.
bin presentation location (street or on-site) Signage
with bin alignment shown. Signs will be required within the bin area
to encourage correct recycling and reduce
Figure 3 – Example of garbage and contamination. The City of Melbourne
recycling drop-off points at living levels. provides assistance with recycling signage.
Figure 4 – Example of a bin room layout Commercial uses
with street access In addition to information about the
proposed land use, the City of Melbourne
Waste contractors requires the following information be
The waste management plan must nominate provided:
whether the City of Melbourne or a private Waste generation quantities
waste contractor (or both) will collect each Sustainability Victoria provides a useful
waste stream. reference for calculating commercial waste
Private waste contractors are used for generation. City of Melbourne supports
commercial and some residential these waste generation rates but
developments to supplement the City of recommends commissioning an external
Melbourne's residential weekday collection consultant to calculate the waste volumes
services. for commercial developments.
Additional waste requirements The reference can be located in Appendix
Developers must consider the storage and A of the Best practice guide for waste
disposal of hard waste, green waste and management in multi-unit developments
charity goods. (October 2010) at
Hard waste http://www.resourcesmart.vic.gov.au/for_
The City of Melbourne offers a hard waste businesses/waste_and_recycling_4878.htm
collection for residents only. Furniture l
items from high density developments are Common waste generation rates in this
not permitted on the kerb for collection. guide are:
Suitably located on-site storage, usually 1m² Outlet Type Garbage Recycling
per 100 apartments, must be provided. Retail (non-food)
Shop with less 50L/100m2 25L/100m2
than 100m2 floor area/day removed for emptying. Specific vehicular
floor area access requirements will need to be
Shop with more 50L/100m2 50L/100m2 considered.
than 100m2 floor area/day Automation
floor area The Automated Waste System; a
Retail (food) mechanical system which uses a vacuum
to transport waste via tube network, has
Restaurant 660L/100m2 130L/100m2
specific design elements which need to be
floor area/day floor area/day
considered if introduced.
Takeaway 80L/100m2 50L/100m2
Components of the system:
floor area/day floor area/day
Supermarket 660L/100m2 240L/100m2pipe network
floor area/day floor area/day
Other Design considerations include system
Office 10L/100m2 10L/100m2 capacity and infrastructure requirements
floor area/day floor area/day the pipe system.
Education 1.5L/day/student 0.5L/day/student quantity, size and colour
Religious/Social 50L/100m2 10L/100m2 There are numerous large bins available
floor area/day which commercial tenements may
consider sharing. Common bin sizes are
Ultimately, the waste generation estimates 240L, 660L, 1100L (wheeled bins), 1.5
are the responsibility of the developer. cubic metre, 3.0 cubic metres and 4.5
Waste system cubic metres (front lift skips).
Details of the systems must be provided, Developers should be aware that bin size
including the day-to-day management and will impact the vehicle access
ensuring ease of use for the segregation of requirements.
recyclables, storage and collection of waste. Figure 5 – Range of wheeled bins
It must be as easy to dispose of each type of
recyclable material as it is general waste. Collection frequency
Bins and skips The collection frequency must be specified
The most common form of waste container with the Waste management plan.
is wheeled bins because they can be easily Typically, collections frequencies are
moved between commercial outlets and the determined by the storage space and type
bin room. All waste streams can be of waste generated on the site. For
accommodated including putrescibles, example, food waste should be collected
commingles, paper, cardboard, organics, daily unless refrigerated.
prescribed waste and secure document bins. Bin storage room
Bin lifters can be used to load waste from Developers must provide a bin room.
standard 120L or 240L bins into larger front Multiple rooms may be needed in large
load skips, reducing the number of bins to developments. Adequate access must be
be collected. provided for all users including occupants,
Balers building managers and contractors. Bin
Balers are commonly used for cardboard. rooms should be located on the same level
They can reduce the storage space required; as the loading dock.
however bales require mechanical lifting The following details must be included in
when collected. the plan
Compactors bin room size (m²)
Some developments require specialised or bin layout
oversized waste storage equipment such as wash-down area
compactors. Compactors can be used for ventilation
handling medium to large volumes of vermin prevention
general waste, paper, cardboard and other noise reduction
recyclables. The compactor is usually fixed stormwater pollution prevention
to the ground with the body or container Each waste stream must be separated and
Storage and waste collection Developers must provide a set of scaled
All waste bins must be stored on site drawings showing the disposal of waste by
between collections. It is illegal for bins to the staff to the final collection point by
be stored in streets, laneways or parks waste contractor.
without a permit. The drawings must include:
Large scale developments with more than typical commercial floor showing garbage
three waste streams and/or multiple and recycling drop-off points
collection days must have on site collection. bin rooms including any bins and
This can be through a loading dock or a bin compactors
room that open directly on the street where bin presentation location (street or on site)
a loading bay exists. with bin alignment shown.
On-site loading docks must cater for the
size of service vehicles. Commercial Figure 6 – Typical arrangement of bins in
contractors use a variety of truck sizes for an office – general waste, commingled
collection. recycling, paper, organics and secure
The industry standard vehicles sizes are: document shredder.
Trucks Height Width Length Figure 7 – Bin room layout for mixed use
SRV 3.5 2.3 6.4
MRV 4.5 2.5 8.8 Figure 8 –Turning circles for loading dock
HRV 4.5 2.5 12.5
Basic limiting dimensions of design
The City of Melbourne does not typically
vehicles taken from AS 2890.2 2002 -
collect commercial waste. City of
Table 2.1. Dimensions in metres.
Melbourne only collects waste from
Small scale developments with multiple commercial rateable properties that
collection days (e.g. individual restaurants)
generate up to the residential volume per
may present their bins at the kerb for
week (120L garbage and 240L recycling).
collection. Private waste contractors are engaged by
Developers should ensure the following
the facility manager. Private waste
when designing bin rooms: contractors can also offer a variety of truck
level floors without slope and without steps
sizes to suit more difficult to access sites.
located in a convenient position with
Larger scale developments may require up
internal access for each commercial
to five different waste trucks to visit the
site per day (garbage, commingled
sufficient space for each waste stream recycling, paper, cardboard and organics).
Developers should ensure the following
Consideration should be given for
when designing collection locations:
managing the number of vehicles.
level ground without slope and without Additional waste requirements
Developers must consider the storage and
located in a convenient position for disposal of hard waste.
The City of Melbourne will not provide
bins must not obstruct pedestrians or street hard waste collection for commercial
tenants. We recommend further
adequate on-street loading zones are
consultation with the waste contractor in
available for use by waste vehicles
terms of collection of hard waste.
The contractor may be able to ferry bins to a
Hard waste is not permitted on the kerb for
waiting vehicle but the vehicle must be collection. Adequate on site storage must
legally parked while unattended.
be provided for occupants with suitable
access for the waste contractor.
Waste collection vehicles must cross Signage
designated bicycle lanes/paths in a forward
The City of Melbourne can provide
direction only. recycling signage templates for printing
for commercial tenant. Signage may also
Scaled waste management drawings
be provided by the private waste contractor.
For more information, contact the City of
Melbourne on 03 9658 9658 or visit