Position Paper and Mapping: by XR4Ulx5


									IV. Mapping of NGOs in Europe

NGOs in the Netherlands

Human Rights NGOs

The Netherlands Center for Indigenous Peoples (Nederlands Centrum voor Inheemse Volken)
IUCN NL member
Human rights; Indigenous rights
NCIV is an NGO based in Amsterdam which has been supporting the promotion and protection of the
rights of Indigenous Peoples world-wide since 1969. It targets the government, civil society and
business in its lobby efforts and pays special attention to the role and position of Indigenous women,
who are doubly marginalized, both as indigenous people and as women.

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
www.unpo.org, unpo@unpo.org
Agnes Venema, +31(0)70 3646504, avenema@unpo.org,
Human rights; Indigenous rights; Conflict resolution
The Hague
UNPO is an international, nonviolent, and democratic membership organization. Its members are
indigenous peoples, minorities, and unrecognized or occupied territories who have joined together to
protect and promote their human and cultural rights, to preserve their environments, and to find
nonviolent solutions to conflicts which affect them. UNPO works with the Maasai in Kenya and
Tanzania and the Oromo in Ethiopia.

Human rights/Indigenous rights; Land rights
The Hague
Equalinrights is a free, open and non-formal network of human rights and development practitioners
that initiates, facilitates and documents learning processes for a bottom-up realisation of human
rights. We do this to enable people living in poverty and exclusion to better organize, strategize and
act to assert their human rights.
Equalinrights works on indigenous peoples’ rights in East Africa.

FoodFirst Information and Action Network (FIAN) Nederland
Economic development; food security; human rights
FIAN Nederland is the international human rights organization campaigning for the realization of the
right to food worldwide. It analyzes and documents concrete cases of violations of the right to
adequate food. It raises awareness on the right to adequate food among social movements, non-
government organizations, governmental bodies, and the general public. With protest letter
campaigns, advocacy and recourse to the law, we exert public pressure in order to hold governments
accountable for violations of the right to adequate food. One of the themes FIAN works on is access
to land.

Development NGOs

AMREF Flying Doctors
www.amref.nl, +31 (0)71-576 9476
Erica Wortel, Program manager, erica@amref.nl
(Woutine van Beek, +31 (0)71 576 3777)
Health care; Development
The African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) is an international African organisation
headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya. AMREF implements its projects through country programmes in
Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Southern Sudan and South Africa. Its work consists of
preventative health care, education, training, research and lobbying.

Oxfam Novib
Thur de Kuijer, Program officer East and Central Africa, +31 (0) 342 1656,
Duncan Pruett, Programme Manager Economic Justice, +31 70 342 1603
Economic development
The Hague
Oxfam Novib, a member of Oxfam International, is fighting for a just world without poverty
together with people, organisations, businesses and governments through projects and lobby at the
local and international level. It is active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Economic development
ICCO is the interchurch organisation for development cooperation. It gives financial support and
advice to local organisations and networks across the globe that are committed to providing access to
basic social services, bringing about fair economic development and promoting peace and
democracy. ICCO has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Pax Christi
Paul Allertz, Allertz@ikvpaxchristi.nl
Sara Ketelaar, saraketelaar@yahoo.com
IKV Pax Christi works in conflict areas for peace, reconciliation and justice in the world. It is active in
Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.

Environmental NGOs

International Union for Conservation of Nature-National Committee of the Netherlands (IUCN
www.nciucn.nl, + 31 (0) 20 626 17 32
Mr. Mark van der Wal, mark.vanderwal@iucn.nl
Environmental; Climate change
IUCN NL is a bridge between social organizations, the government, business and science and
focuses on all kinds of subjects pertaining to the struggle against the loss in biodiversity. In
collaboration with the same partners IUCN NL applies this knowledge to come to a constructive Dutch
contribution to solving global issues in the fields of nature and the environment.
IUCN NL also sets up projects in which the Dutch share in the increase (or reduction) of biodiversity is
studied. IUCN NL also provides financial support to social organizations – mainly in developing
countries – that focus on the conservation of nature and the improvement of the environment in
relation to poverty reduction.
The Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, WWF NL, Both ENDS, NCIV,
Natuurmonumenten, Staatsbosbeheer are a few of its members.
See also IUCN below under the ‘Europe’ heading.
The Sustainable Outbound Tourism Platform (IDUT) is the Dutch national network for sustainable
development of outbound tourism, in which the private sector, civil society, educational institutions
and government are represented. IUCN NL fulfils a central secretarial role in this platform. Cordaid is
a member of this platform and is represented by mr. Vincent Dries (PM Entrepeneurship LA).
 Nature and Poverty
The Nature & Poverty Network is a knowledge and learning network of 17 IUCN members and other
organizations in the Netherlands plus their Southern partners. It is established to improve the
activities of Natureandpoverty.net members in areas like advocacy, field projects, research, or
education on issues such as nature conservation, sustainable use of resources, poverty alleviation,
social-justice struggles and organizational capacity building.
IUCN NL is a member and coordinator of Natureandpoverty.net.

www.bothends.nl, +31 (0)20 530 6600
Daniëlle Hirsch, Director, dh@bothends.org
IUCN NL member
Natural resource management
Both ENDS supports organizations from developing countries via a three-pronged approach,
consisting of direct support via the service desk, strategic cooperation and policy influencers. It has
projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Both ENDS gives civil society organizations a voice in capital
streams, so that natural resources benefit indigenous people. From this point of view, Both ENDS
focuses on the themes Water, Land and Capital. It also has a Fair Flowers Fair Plants program

Friends of the Earth International (FOEI)
www.foei.org;        http://www.foei.org/en/what-we-do/affected-peoples-and-impacted-
Environmental; Climate change
FOEI is an international grassroots environmental network which campaigns on urgent environmental
and social issues. FOEI strives to collectively ensure environmental and social justice, human dignity,
and respect for human rights and peoples' rights so as to secure sustainable societies, to halt and
reverse environmental degradation and depletion of natural resources, nurture the earth's ecological
and cultural diversity, and secure sustainable livelihoods; and to secure the empowerment of
indigenous peoples, local communities, women, groups and individuals, and to ensure public
participation in decision making.
Its international positions are informed and strengthened by our work with communities, and our
alliances with indigenous peoples, farmers' movements, trade unions, human rights groups and
There are FOE groups in Kenya and Tanzania. Milieudefensie is a Dutch organization who lobbies on
climate change and globalization as a member of FOEI.

World Wide Fund for Nature (WNF)
www.wnf.nl, +31 (0)30 6937 333
Kirsten Schuyt, Head environmental protection, kschuyt@wwf.nl
Environmental; Climate change; Conservation
WNF works on different themes such as climate change, forests and water. It also has a specific
program on nature/wildlife conservation and development. WNF develops methods that will benefit
both local communities and the environment. Its ‘Linking-Futures’ program is geared to protecting the
environment and ameliorating people’s living conditions and creating economic opportunities for the
local communities of Kenya, Mozambique and Cameroon. The ‘Payment for Environmental Services’
program is geared to developing a fair payment system for services that nature provides, such as
clean drinking water. This payment system will help protecting the environment and benefit the rural
communities in Indonesia, Guatemala, Peru and Tanzania.
Besides these programs, WNF pays attention to the needs of local communities in all of its field
projects in developing countries. WNF also believes that poverty alleviation is not possible without
taking into account the environment and seeks to put these issues higher on the (international)

Land en Tuinbouw Organisatie (LTO)/Agriterra
Masja Middelbeek, Relatiebeheerder East-Africa, middelbeek@agriterra.org
www.lto.nl, +31 (0)70 338 27 00/www.agriterra.org, +31 (0)26- 44 55 445
The Hague (also a Brussels office)/Arnhem
LTO Nederland aims at ameliorating international cooperation between agricultural and horticultural
farmers. The emphasis is put on the development of producer organizations. LTO Nederland works
together with Agriterra on projects which seek to make entrepreneurs of farmers in development
countries. Via Agriterra, LTO Nederland has contact with Agriprofocus en Agricord. LTO also
contributes to the Dutch FAO committee.

Other Relevant NGOs

Mama Cash
Women’s rights; Land rights
Mama Cash is the oldest international women's fund - established in the Netherlands in 1983. It
supports pioneering and innovative women's initiatives around the world. It works on the principle that
women are entitled to determine their own destinies, have a right to freely express themselves and to
participate fully in social and political life as well as to be involved in the termination and prevention of
conflict. It has projects in Tanzania and Uganda. One project in Tanzania focuses on land and
property rights of women.

Heifer Nederland
Economic development
Heifer Nederland provides support to people in developing countries by giving them animals and
related training. One of its projects is specifically aimed at the Maasai in Kenya.

Netherlands Development Organization (SNV)
The Hague
SNV’s core business is providing advisory services. With respect to pastoralism, SNV focuses on
improving existing commercial systems, such as promoting transparency in livestock markets and
improving governance throughout the chain.

NGOs in Europe

Human Rights NGOs

International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)
Marianne Wiben Jensen, mj@iwgia.org
Human rights/Indigenous rights
Copenhagen, Denmark
IWGIA's overall goal is to endorse and promote indigenous peoples' right to self-determination, their
cultural integrity and their right to development on their own conditions. In order to fulfil this mission,
IWGIA works within a wide range of areas: Documentation, publication, human rights, lobbying,
advocacy, research and projects.

Survival International
Human rights/Indigenous rights
London, United Kingdom
Survival is the only international organization supporting tribal peoples worldwide. It works for tribal
peoples' rights in three complementary ways: education, advocacy and campaigns. It also offers tribal
people themselves a platform to address the world. It works closely with local indigenous
organizations, and focus on tribal peoples who have the most to lose, usually those most recently in
contact with the outside world.
Survival works with the Maasai in Kenya and the Mursi, Bodi and Konso in Ethiopia.

Minority Rights Group
Tadesse Tafesse, Program coordinator, tadesse.tafesse@mrgmail.org
Human rights; Indigenous rights
London, United Kingdom
MRG is the leading international human rights organisation working to secure rights for ethnic,
religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous people around the world.
It works with minority communities, providing education and training to enable them to claim their
rightful place in society. It lobbies governments and the United Nations alongside and on behalf of
minorities. It publishes authoritative reports that are widely valued by academics and journalists, while
our pioneering legal cases programme is advancing the protection of minorities under international
law. It also has a campaign on climate change.

Society for Threatened Peoples
Human rights/Indigenous rights
Göttingen, Germany
Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker (GfbV) / Society for Threatened Peoples (STP) is an international
human rights organisation which campaigns with and on behalf of threatened and persecuted ethnic
and religious minorities, nationalities and indigenous peoples.
GfbV works with the Oromo in Ethiopia, Somali in Kenya and Karamajong in Uganda

Flemish Centre for Indigenous Peoples (VCIV)
Human rights/Indigenous rights; Land rights
VCIV is a human rights organization, defending and promoting all collective and individual human
rights of indigenous peoples and more specifically, the right to self-determination. Indigenous peoples
have the right to their own culture, religion, language, territory, intellectual property rights, and social-
economical- and political structures.

Development NGOs

Oxfam International, Oxfam GB, Oxfam Ireland
www.oxfam.org, Oxford, United Kingdom
www.oxfam.org.uk, Oxford, United Kingdom, +44 (0) 1865 47 2602, REGLAP member
www.oxfamireland.org, Dublin, Ireland & Belfast, United Kingdom,
Helen Bushell, hbushell@oxfam.org.uk
Buzz Sharp, bsharp@oxfam.org.uk
Kate O’Donnell, kate.odonnell@oxfamireland.org
Economic development; Human rights/Indigenous rights
Oxfam is an independent and secular not-for-profit organization dedicated to fighting poverty and
related injustice around the world. It works in the areas of development, emergencies, campaigning,
advocacy and policy research. Oxfam GB is active on pastoralist issues in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania
and Uganda. Oxfam Ireland has projects on pastoralism in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and an
office in Dar es Salaam. Oxfam has two advocacy offices Europa, one in Brussels and one in

Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD)
www.cafod.org.uk, +44 20 7733 7900
Philip Talman, ptalman@cafod.org.uk
CIDSE member
Economic development
London, United Kingdom
CAFOD is the official overseas development and relief agency of the Catholic Church in England and
Wales. CAFOD has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
[It seems to focus on farming, but mentions pastoralism in Ethiopia]

Scottish Catholic International Aid Fund (SCIAF)
CIDSE member
Economic Development
Glasgow, United Kingdom
SCIAF is the Scottish Catholic International Aid Fund, the official aid and international development
charity of the Catholic Church in Scotland. They have projects on land rights and livestock and are
active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Mr. Mike Williams, mwilliams@trocaire.ie
CIDSE member
Economic Development
Kildare, Ireland
Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. It has projects
on livelihoods and disaster risk reduction and is active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

gorta Ireland
Mr. Ron Rosen, ron.rosen@gorta.org
Economic development; Food security
Dublin, Ireland
gorta is a rural international development organisation that aims to improve long-term food security
primarily in sub-Saharan Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Malawi). Part of their
activities involves education and advocacy on behalf of African communities.

Dublin, Ireland
Goal is an international humanitarian organization active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda. In addition to its
assistance in the field, GOAL tries to convince the international community to honour its obligations to
the poorest of the poor and endeavour to exert as much pressure as possible on governments and
other institutions with the capacity to bring about real change. This form of advocacy is a major part of
the GOAL philosophy and has kept the issue of poverty in the developing world very much on the
agenda for the Irish Government at national, European and international levels.
The website mentions pastoralism specifically only with respect to Ethiopia. There is also a GOAL UK,
Manos Unidas
CIDSE member

CIDSE member
Economic development; Food security; Land rights; Climate change
Aachen, Germany
Misereor is the overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Germany. It has projects in
Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

CCFD-Terre Solidaire, France and Fastenopfer, Switzerland
CIDSE members
CCFD has a project for the Oromo in Ethiopia and Fastenopfer has one in Kenya.

The League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development
Evelyn Mathias, evelyn@mamud.com, very active in Karamoja
Economic development
Ober-Ramstadt, Germany
The League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development is an advocacy and
support group for pastoralists who depend on common property resources. They work and conduct
research with pastoral communities, primarily in India.

International Committee on the Development of Peoples
Economic development; Natural resource management; Food security
Rome, Italy
CISP's priorities in the field of cooperation are the fight against poverty, rural development, food
security (agriculture, fishery, aquaculture and small scale breeding), rural and urban health, education
and training, management of natural resources, environmental protection, sustaining peace initiatives,
and micro-credit and support of commercial enterprise. Furthermore, in the field of emergency and
humanitarian aid, CISP's activities aim at focusing attention on refugee communities, returnees and
displaced people, promoting health services, and defining and implementing disaster preparedness
[does not mention specific countries or pastoralism]

Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI)
Fabio Gigantino, program coordinator, coopdev.f.gigantino@hotmail.com (Karamoja)
Economic development; Drought
Milan, Italy
COOPI is an international organization dedicated to reducing poverty in the global South through
interventions of long-term sustainable international cooperation and with advocacy activities in Italy, to
fight the cause of the serious economic gap between the North and South. It has projects with
pastoralists in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.

Deutsche Welthungerhilfe
Economic development; Humanitarian
Bonn, Germany
Welthungerhilfe is a private, non-profit-making, politically independent and non-denominational relief
organisation which works under a voluntary Board of Directors and the patronage of the German
President. It provides provides help from one set of hands: from immediate emergency aid in the
wake of a disaster to long-term projects carried out in cooperation with local partners.
Welthungerhilfe has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.
[ILC member]

Concern Worldwide
Paul Wagstaff, paul.wagstaff@concern.net
Economic development
Dublin, Ireland
Concern focuses on five key organisational programmes: education, emergency response and
preparedness, health, HIV and AIDS and livelihoods. Advocacy campaigns and development
education initiatives also look to raise public awareness of these issues and bring about effective
policy change. It has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Projects on pastoralism are
present in Ethiopia and Kenya.

CARE International
Ms. Liz Steele, EU representative for Care International, steele@careinternational.org
Mr. Charles Ehrhart, Poverty, environment and climate change network coordinator
REGLAP member
Women; Economic development
International Secretariat, Chatelaine, Switzerland; Brussels representation office
CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty. It places special focus on
working alongside poor women because, equipped with the proper resources, women have the power
to help whole families and entire communities escape poverty. Women are at the heart of CARE's
community-based efforts to improve basic education, prevent the spread of HIV, increase access to
clean water and sanitation, expand economic opportunity and protect natural resources. CARE also
delivers emergency aid to survivors of war and natural disasters, and helps people rebuild their lives.
CARE International works closely with the various institutions of the European Union through the
representation office in Brussels. CARE is active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda with
projects on pastoralism (see www.care.org).

Action against Hunger (AAH)
Economic development; Food security; Human rights
London, United Kingdom
Action against Hunger is an international, non-governmental, non-religious, non-profit making
organisation with programs in 43 countries worldwide. Its vocation is to save lives, especially those of
malnourished children, and to work with vulnerable populations to preserve and restore their
livelihoods with dignity. It is part of the international network ACF International Network headquartered
in France, ACF France and ACF Spain.
Action Against Hunger raises awareness on hunger and seeks to alert the international community
when human rights - especially the right to food - are violated. It has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and

ActionAid International
Economic development; Human rights; Women
Brussels, Belgium
ActionAid is an international anti-poverty agency whose aim is to fight poverty worldwide. We have
prioritised five areas of work where we can make the most difference: education, hiv and aids,
food rights, emergencies, women and girls and governance.
We also campaign and lobby at both national and international levels to change rules and regulations
that exacerbate poverty. In some instances, goverments and institutions in rich countries are still
insisting that poor countries privatise their basic services or cut the amount of money they spend on
health or education in order to qualify for aid money.
ActionAid has projects for pastoralists in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Health care
London, United Kingdom
Merlin is a medical charity driven by one aim: to provide health care for people at times when they are
most in need. Merlin responds to natural disasters, helps in times of conflict, prevents diseases and
rebuilds health systems. It is active in pastoralist communities in Ethiopia and Kenya. Merlin’s policy
and influencing work supports both these aims: by identifying the issues that currently prevent people
accessing the health care they need, and by providing the evidence that will inform and inspire
decision makers to make the changes needed to ensure access to health care for all.

Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa (PENHA)
www.penhanetwork.org, +44 (0)20 7242 0202
London, United Kingdom
PENHA is an international NGO led and inspired by Africans, mostly from the Horn Region (Ethiopia
and Eritrea). PENHA seeks to empower pastoralist communities and their institutions to play a full role
in their own development and to influence development policy and development program design to
foster sustainable livelihoods among pastoralists. It is active in Ethiopia and Uganda and has been
supported by Cordaid.

Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (ACORD)
www.acordinternational.org, +44 (0)20 7065 0850
Ms. Monique van Es, Operations manager, monique.vanes@acordinternational.org
Economic development
WISP Partners Coordinating Committee member
London, United Kingdom
ACORD in an Africa-led international alliance working to promote social justice. It runs field operations
and engages in Pan-African and international advocacy. ACORD particularly seeks to engage with
the efforts of marginalized and excluded communities themselves to analyze and address root causes
of exclusion and social injustice in Africa and facilitate their participation in Africa-led social
movements to bring about social justice and rights-based development.
The office in London is an integral part of the secretariat with a particular role to build stronger
strategic relations with traditional Northern donors and allies, through information sharing and
discussion fora on problems and issues concerning Africa. The London office will also facilitate
linkages between ACORD and its local African partners and Northern social movement for
incorporation of the African Agenda in debate, dialogue and influencing on European policies.
It works with pastoralists in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Practical Action
www.practicalaction.org, +44 (0) 1926 63 4400
Amanda Ross, Conference coordinator, amanda.ross@practicalaction.org.uk
Natural resource management; Animal care; Food security; Conflict resolution
London, United Kingdom
Practical action has pastoralist programs in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and is starting in Ethiopia.
We aim to tackle the underlying causes of poverty by campaigning to influence policies, institutions
and processes. Through our campaigning and advocacy, Practical Action aims to achieve greater and
more lasting impact from its work.

Save the Children UK
www.savethechildren.org.uk, +44 (0)20 7012 6400
Ellie McLeod, E.McLeod@savethechildren.org.uk
StC UK REGLAP member
Human rights; Economic development
London, United Kingdom
Save the Children is the world's largest independent organisation for children. Save the Children
secures and protects children's rights - to food, shelter, health care, education and freedom from
violence, abuse and exploitation. Save the Children campaigns for long-term change in addition to
providing shorter-term support to improve children's lives. Save the Children encourages its
supporters to put pressure on decision makers and opinion formers to change policies and practices,
locally and globally, to ensure children's rights become reality.
In Ethiopia, Save the Children Finland, Germany, Italy, NL, Norway, Sweden and UK are active. In
Kenya, Finland, NL, Sweden and UK. In Tanzania, Save the Children UK. In Uganda, Denmark, Italy,
NL, Norway, Sweden and UK.

SOS Sahel
Oxford, United Kingdom
SOS Sahel works on issues such as education, environment, livestock mobility, MDGs and water in
the context of pastoralism. SOS Sahel is active in Ethiopia and Kenya.

Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
David Knaute, Program Manager, david.knaute@acted.org
André Krummacher, Country Director Uganda, andre.krummacher@acted.org
Economic Development; Drought and Climate Change; Food Security; Conflict;
Paris, France
ACTED is an international organization working on emergency, rehabilitation and development. It has
projects in Uganda and Kenya.

Norway Church Aid
www.kirkensnodhjelp.no, +47 22 09 27 00
Ms. Bjørg Mide, Head East Africa team, BMI@nca.no
Economic development; human rights
ACT International member
Oslo, Norway
Norwegian Church Aid has three main working methods: long-term development, emergency-
preparedness and response, and advocacy.
Together with its partner organizations, Norwegian Church Aid works to influence political decisions
and attitudes in favor of a more just world. Norwegian Church Aid seeks to influence the decisions
made by authorities and businesses with regard to issues that affect the political, economic and social
rights of the poor.
Norwegian Church Aid has committed itself to working with indigenous peoples and minorities as one
of the organization’s main priority groups. It works on pastoralist issues in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania
and Uganda.

Norwegian People’s Aid
Norwegian People’s Aid works with pastoralists in Tanzania. It is also active in Ethiopia, but on

Christian Aid
Economic development
London, United Kingdom
Christian Aid is an international relief and development organization which has projects in Ethiopia,
Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Campaigning is one of the most important elements of its work. (For
example on climate change)

www.danchurchaid.org, +45 33 15 28 00
Lars Jörgensen, LJN@dca.dk
Economic development
Copenhagen, Denmark
DanChurchAid is one of the major Danish humanitarian NGOs. Advocacy is part and parcel of
DanChurchAid's emergency and development aid. A rights-based approach that includes the right to
gender equality provides the basis for all of DanChurchAid’s activities.
It has projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. It works with pastoralists in Ethiopia and
Uganda (ECHO).

Lutheran World Federation
Environmental NGOs

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Environmental; Climate Change; Conservation
Gland, Switzerland
WWF is known as the global conservation union. Over the years, its scope has expanded from
protecting certain endangered species to protecting the environment. WWF believes species
conservation can contribute to development. This is reflected in one of its guiding principles which
states that WWF will involve local communities and indigenous peoples in the planning and execution
of its field programmes and respect their cultural as well as economic needs.

Natural resource management
Barcelona, Spain
GRAIN is an NGO which promotes the sustainable management and use of agricultural biodiversity
based on people's control over genetic resources and local knowledge.
Grain seeks to protect and strengthen community control of agricultural biodiversity: GRAIN actively
monitors, researches and lobbies against pressures that undermine the rights of farmers and other
local communities to use, and benefit, from biodiversity. At the same time we work with national and
local organisations across the world whom are advocating and building up mechanisms which
enhance community control over local genetic resources and its associated knowledge.

International Land Coalition (ILC)
Michael Taylor, Program Manager Land Policy and African Region, +39 654 592 267,
Sabine Pallas, Program Manager Women's Access to Land and Resource Mobilisation, +39 654 592
Human rights/Indigenous rights; Land rights
Rome, Italy
The ILC is a global alliance of civil society and intergovernmental organizations working together to
promote secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men through
advocacy, dialogue and capacity building.
It works with both indigenous peoples' groups and pastoralists to share and build knowledge on land
rights. ILC hosts knowledge sharing discussions, bringing together groups from around the world to
identify emerging issues and threats. ILC works with these groups to build capacity and builds
dialogue between governments, local authorities and minority groups. ILC supports efforts that
strengthen indigenous peoples and pastoralists' organizations' abilities to negotiate with government
and local authorities.
Members include the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in New York, the FAO and
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Program in Rome, the World
Bank in Washington DC, IIED in London, Reconcile in Nairobi, Uganda Land Alliance in Kampala.

French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD)
International Land Coalition member
Economic development; Natural resource management
Paris, France
CIRAD is a French agricultural research centre working for international development. Most of its
research is conducted in partnership. CIRAD has chosen sustainable development as the cornerstone
of its operations worldwide. This means taking account of the long-term ecological, economic and
social    consequences       of     change      in    developing     communities   and     countries.
CIRAD contributes to development through research and trials, training, dissemination of information,
innovation and appraisals. Its expertise spans the life sciences, human sciences and engineering
sciences and their application to agriculture and food, natural resource management and society.

Association pour l’Amélioration de la Gouvernance de la Terre, de l’Eau et des Resources
Naturelles (AGTER)
International Land Coalition member
Land rights; natural resource management
Nogent sur Marne, France
AGTER is a French non-profit association. It has been created in March 2005 by a group of people of
different origins that took part in works or exchanges between actors of civil society organizations on
the issues of access to natural resources and land.
They want to clarify the links between poverty, underdevelopment and access to resources, in order
to set up lasting alternatives to the ongoing policies. AGTER aims at contributing to improve the
governance of land, water and natural resources and at conceiving new ways of managing those
resources, better adapted to face the challenges of the twenty-and-first century.
AGTER promotes a permanent thinking and learning process, in order to help civil society members
and other concerned actors to get informed, to come up with and implement proposals.

Conserve Africa
Economic development; Natural resource management;
London, United Kingdom
CA is a UK-based registered charity that aims to promote sustainable development through
development education, public awareness, capacity building and the relief of poverty and the
environment of the conditions of life in socially and economically disadvantaged communities. CA
recognises that these poor communities depend solely on available local natural resources and
ecosystems for their survival and that poverty reduction agenda should take into account the growing
interrelationship and interdependence between the environment, natural resource and poverty.

Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (VSF) - Europa
Animal care
Brussels, Belgium
Three quarters of the world's poor depend entirely or partially on livestock for their survival. VSF
Europa is a non-profit association with nine individual national VSF members in Austria, Belgium,
France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands (Stichting Diergeneeskunde in Ontwikkelingssamenwerking,
Utrecht, run by volunteers), Spain, Switzerland and the UK (VETAID). Activities include awareness-
raising and education as well as lobbying and advocacy work in Europe and abroad.

Veterinaires Sans Frontières (VSF) - Belgium
Sally Crafter, East Africa Program Coordinator, s.crafter@vsf-belgium.org
REGLAP member
Brussels, Belgium
The aim of Vétérinaires Sans Frontières is to improve the living conditions of vulnerable people in
developing countries who depend directly or indirectly on livestock by improving livestock keeping.

Edward Watkiss, edwardw@farmafrica.org.uk
Food security; Natural resource management
London, United Kingdom
FARM-Africa works at a grassroots level with rural communities in eastern Africa, providing long term
solutions to poverty. By working with farmers and herders to introduce new and innovative ways to
increase food production and manage natural resources, it aims to improve their food security in a
sustainable way. To increase the impact of its grassroots work, it is increasingly involved in research
and advocacy activities, aiming to improve both practice and policy. FARM-Africa works in Ethiopia,
Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

African Conservation Foundation (ACF)
West Sussex, United Kingdom
Natural resource management; Conservation
The African Conservation Foundation is working towards the protection and conservation of Africa’s
endangered wildlife and their habitats. ACF’s mission is to support and link African conservation
initiatives, groups and NGOs, with the aim of strengthening their capacity, building partnerships and
promoting effective communication and coordination of conservation efforts.
The overall goal is to change the approach of the management and utilization of natural resources to
one in which the needs of human development in the region are reconciled with biodiversity
conservation. ACF has projects in Kenya and Tanzania.

Born Free
West Sussex, United Kingdom
As human populations expand, wildlife comes under increasing threat. Born Free is determined to try
to halt the race to extinction by protecting rare species in their natural habitat. It Works with local
communities to find solutions so people and wildlife can live together. Born Free campaigns and
lobbies to raise awareness and influence decision making. It is active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania
and Uganda.

Care for the Wild International (CWI)
West Sussex, United Kingdom
CWI is an animal welfare and conservation charity. By funding practical projects it makes areas safe
for wildlife, rehabilitates sick or injured animals and provides sanctuary for those who cannot return to
the wild. It works with local people to shape attitudes towards wildlife conservation in those
communities closest to wildlife reserves and raise awareness.

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Natural resource management
Headquarters Gland, Switzerland
Regional offices in Brussels, Nairobi
IUCN, also known as the World Conservation Union, is the only organization for the conservation of
nature that can boast both states and NGOs among its members. In addition, the Union has an
extensive international network of scientists at its disposal, divided into six commissions. These six
International IUCN Commissions make up an international network of more than 10,000 scientific
volunteers in the fields of biodiversity, natural resources management, environmental technology,
policy, law and information.
IUCN seeks pragmatic solutions to the most pressing environment and development challenges.
IUCN affects policy-making, supports local organizations for the protection of nature, executes
projects and develops international nature conservation and environmental law, such as the
Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species ( CITES) and the Convention on
Biological Diversity (CBD).

World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP)
Hershil Shah, Officer in Nairobi, Hershil.Shah@iucn.org
Nairobi, Kenya
WISP is a Global Environment Facility-funded project of three to four years, implemented by UNDP
and executed by IUCN. It is an advocacy and capacity building project that seeks a greater
recognition of the importance of sustainable pastoral development for both poverty reduction and
environmental management. Appropriate policies, legal mechanisms, and support systems need to be
in place to enable pastoralists to enhance the economic, social and ecological sustainability of their
livelihoods. WISP’s role is to facilitate this process by gathering and managing knowledge, developing
advocacy tools, building capacity to influence policy, supporting advocacy processes and networking
to enhance learning and strengthen policy debate.

European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP)
Jean-Pierre Biber, jean-pierre.biber@natcons.ch, in Basel, Switzerland
Portree, United Kingdom
Natural resource management; Conservation
EFNCP is a Europe-wide network which raises awareness of the importance of low-intensity farming
for nature conservation in Europe and aims to improve the way public policies respond to the needs of
these farming systems. It regularly brings together farmers, conservationists, policy makers,
researchers and NGOs. It is a partner of WISP.

Proyecto Pastor
Mr. Fernando García-Dory, coordinacionredpastor@leaderoriente.com
Natural resource management
El Proyecto PASTOR (Action Plan for the Network of Transhumant Systems) emerged as a joint
project involving five Spanish regions with pastoralist activity and traditions.

Other Relevant NGOs

Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa (AWEPA)
Zoë Ware, Project Officer, z.ware@awepa.org
Headquarters: Amsterdam
Offices also in: Brussels, Nairobi, Arusha and Kampala.
AWEPA is an international non-governmental organisation that supports parliaments in Africa and
works to keep Africa high on the political agenda in Europe. It has some 1500 current and former
parliamentarians as members from the European Parliament, almost all European Member States
and Norway and Switzerland.
AWEPA works in Africa from a development perspective to strengthen the core functions of
parliaments: oversight, representation and legislation. It believes that strong parliaments are essential
prerequisites for Africa’s development. They contribute to peace, stability and prosperity on the
In Europe, AWEPA members work to increase the commitment among parliamentarians and other
political leaders towards important issues in Africa.

Pastoralist Consultants International
Alastair Scott-Villiers, Director Pastoralist Communication Initiative, alastair@pastoralists.org
United Kingdom
Pastoralist Consultants International is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom.
Formed in 2002 to support pastoralists' knowledge and communication activities, the company has a
board of four directors, two executive and two non-executive. Non-executive directors are Dr Jeremy
Swift and Ivo Philipps.
Pastoralist Consultants International promotes dialogue and understanding. Our projects focus on
organising pastoralist gatherings; linking pastoralists to non-pastoralists; and responding to pastoralist
requests for research. Our team works in partnership with customary leadership of more than 30
pastoralist groups in East Africa and are connected to pastoralists in more than 30 countries.
Our projects assist members of bilateral, multilateral and international agencies, governments,
politicians and local agencies in learning from and coming to agreeents with pastoralists about their
issues and aspirations.
Pastoralist Consultants International is implementing a UK DFID project, Democracy, Growth and
Peace for Pastoralists as part of the larger Pastoralist Communication Initiative. The project focuses
on Ethiopia's pastoralists while also working across the Horn of Africa on new knowledge and
innovation. It connects pastoralists in the Horn with pastoralists all over the world and promotes
productive conversation between pastoralists, governments and others. It also promotes an
appreciation of the potential of pastoral economies and societies with official institutions, the media
and the public.

International Forum for Rural Transport and Development (IFRTD)
Rural development
London, United Kingdom
IFRTD is a global network of individuals and organisations working together towards improved
access, mobility and economic opportunity for poor communities in developing countries. As a
Southern-driven global network IFRTD works to improve policies and practices in transport
operations, infrastructure, access and service provision that will benefit the lives of poor rural
communities in developing countries through dialogue, information sharing, capacity building,
research and advocacy.
National networks in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are IFRTD members. Policy advocacy
has been an important output for them.

Panos London
www.panos.org.uk, +44 (0)20 7278 1111
Yvonne Thomas, Assistant to Director, yvonne.thomas@panos.org.uk to pass invitation
Luther Bois Anukur, Director Panos East Africa, luther@panoseasternafrica.org.ug
London, United Kingdom
Panos London promotes the participation of poor and marginalised people in national and
international development debates through media and communication projects. We are part of the
worldwide Panos Network of independent institutes working to ensure that information is used more
effectively to foster debate, pluralism and democracy.
Through research and advocacy we promote greater recognition of the essential role of
communication in development among decision-makers both internationally and at the national level,
making the case for better incorporation of communication - including the media - into development
thinking and practice.
Panos is active in Ethiopia and Kenya.

The Netherlands

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (BuZa)
Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS)
DGIS is responsible for development cooperation policy, its coordination, implementation, and
funding. An important DGIS focus is the coherence between Dutch and EU policy on developing

Regional Departments:
Sub-Saharan Africa Department (DAF, Directie Sub-Sahara Afrika, daf@minbuza.nl)
Eastern and Western Africa and the Horn of Africa Division (DAF/HW)
Mr. Jos Weijland, jos.weijland@minbuza.nl, DAF/HW (Meeting 09-04-09)

Policy Theme Departments:
Economic and Environmental Affairs Department (DES, Directie Economische and Ecologische
Samenwerking, des@minbuza.nl)
DES develops international policy on transport, the environment, energy, technology, and the OECD.
DES comprises the Environment and Nuclear Safety Division (DES/MI) and the Transport and OECD
Division (DES/TO)

Political Affairs Department (DPZ, Directie Politieke Zaken, dpz@minbuza.nl)
DPZ assists the Director-General for Political Affairs in his role as political adviser to the Ministers on
day-to-day political events and political relations with other countries. It also coordinates the Dutch
contribution to the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

Human Rights and Peacebuilding Department (DMV, Directie Mensenrechten, Goed Bestuur en
Humanitaire Hulp, dmv@minbuza.nl)
Ms. Margriet Kuster, margriet.kuster@minbuza.nl, DMV Africa (Phone meeting)
Drs. S. Y. Dinjens, sebastian.dinjens@minbuza.nl, DMV Policy officer
DMV coordinates and develops policy on human rights, good governance, conflict prevention, crisis
management, conflict resolution, post-conflict reconstruction, and humanitarian assistance. It also
presents the Dutch position on these issues in international forums and organizations.
In addition, DMV works to ensure the coherence of policy and assistance in these areas, in which
political and development considerations are inextricably linked.
DMV comprises the Humanitarian Aid Division (DMV/HH), Human Rights Division (DMV/MR),
Peacebuilding and Good Governance Division (DMV/VG).

Sustainable Economic Development Department (DDE, Directie Duurzame Economische
Ontwikkeling, dde@minbuza.nl)
Mr. Frits van der Wal, frits-vander.wal@minbuza.nl, Liberalization of land markets and new
processes of land grabbing, (meeting 09-04-09)
DDE seeks to promote sustainable economic growth and improve income and employment
opportunities in 36 partner countries. To this end, it identifies and tackles problems in the business
climate in these countries (with the help of local missions) and works to improve trade opportunities
for developing countries on world markets. It also uses trade and investment instruments to stimulate
business; this work is outsourced to organizations such as the Netherlands Development Finance
Company (FMO) and the Agency for International Business and Cooperation (EVD).
DDE comprises three divisions: International Markets Division (DDE/IM), National Policy Environment,
Division (DDE/NB), Entrepreneurship and Business Development Division (DDE/OB)

Environment and Water Department (DMW, Directie Milieu en Water,           dmw@minbuza.nl)
DMW is concerned with the environmental dimension of poverty reduction. It aims to integrate the
theme of environment into all components of Dutch development cooperation. DMW works with
multilateral organizations and the signatories of international environmental agreements as well as
assisting Dutch embassies.
DMW comprises the National Policy Division (DMW/NB), Natural Resources and Ecosystem
Management Division (DMW/NE), Environmental Infrastructure and Impact Division (DMW)

Social and Institutional Development Department (DSI, Directie Sociale en Institutionele
Ontwikkeling, dsi@minbuza.nl)
DSI helps develop policy and strategies for fighting poverty at both bilateral and multilateral level. It
works to give poor people access to basic social services, promotes gender equality, and helps
develop civil society in developing countries. It also puts themes like children, parents, HIV/AIDS,
gender, and institutional development on the agendas of other departments and missions.
DSI comprises the Poverty Policy and Institutional Development Division (DSI/AI), Civil Society
Organizations Division (DSI/MY), Social Policy Division (DSI/AB), Women and Development Division

Special Appointments:
 Human Rights Ambassador: Mr. Arjan Hamburger
The Human Rights Ambassador promotes human rights in foreign policy, with the emphasis on
integrating human rights into other policy areas, propagating human rights policy at home and abroad,
and promoting the human rights debate in Dutch society.

 MDGs Ambassador: Ms. Stella Ronner-Grubacic
The main task of the Ambassador for the MDGs is to keep the MDGs high on the national and
international agenda.

Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality
Department of International Affairs (DIZ, Directie Internationale Zaken)
Ms. Teddie Muffels, teddie.muffels@minlnv.nl (meeting 15-04-09)
IZ coordinates and represents the Dutch stance on international issues belonging to the domain of the
Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. IZ tracks developments in policies of international
organizations such as the FAO and coordinates international bilateral cooperation.

European Union

European Commission
(DG DEV) Directorate-General Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States
Development is an increasingly important part of the EU’s external relations, along with its foreign,
security and trade policies. DG Development is responsible for EU development policy worldwide and
relations with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP). Country Strategy Papers
(part of ACP-EC Partnership Agreements).
 Directorate B: Development Policy – Thematic Issues
Ms. Sylvie Prouveur, sylvie.prouveur@ec.europa.eu, assistant to Director
B.1 Economic development: Infrastructure and communication networks, trade and regional
B.2 Sustainable management of natural resources
Mr. Willem Olthof, willem.olthof@ec.europa.eu, policy desk officer (meeting 22-04-09)
Mr. Philippe Steinmetz, philippe.steinmetz@ec.europa.eu, livestock/animal health officer (22-
Ms. S. Millot, 00(32) 2 2995568, climate change team coordinator
Ms. G. Pietrangeli, 00(32) 2 2954152, policy officer for food security
B.3 Human development, social cohesion and employment
Mr. T. Varnai, 00(32) 2 2983048, policy desk officer – Gender equality and culture
Mr. O. Simek, 00(32) 2 2990289, Policy desk officer – Social development and gender
 Directorate C: ACP I – General Affairs
C.1 Aid programming and management
Ms. O. Anghelakis, 00(32) 2 2998278, Policy officer EDF Programming
 Directorate E: ACP III - Horn of Africa, East and Southern Africa, Indian Ocean and Pacific
E.2 Relations with the countries and the regions of the Horn of Africa, Eastern Africa and Indian
Mr. E. Von Pistohlkors, 00 (32) 2 2990048, Regional Desk Officer - Relations with Horn of Africa,
Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean
Ms. M-P. Piazzardi, 00(32) 2 2955594, Desk officer Ethiopia
Mr. A. Lorkeers, 00(32) 2 2951789, Desk officer Kenya
Ms. L. Hales, 00(32) 2 2969253, Desk officer Tanzania

(DG RELEX) Directorate-General External Relations
Human Rights and Democratization Policy
RELEX.DDG1.B.1 Multilateral relations and human rights
Mr. Balthasar Benz, balthasar.benz@ec.europa.eu, International relations officer – Human
rights and democratization
Rights of Indigenous Peoples: (Development) Council Resolution on Indigenous Peoples within the
Framework of the Development Cooperation of the Community and Members States provides the
main guidelines for support to indigenous peoples (1998). Review of Progress report June 2002 –
Conference November 2002 –Informal NGO Network

(DG AIDCO) Directorate-General EuropeAid Cooperation Office
EuropeAid implements the EU's external development funding, in pursuit of both the EU's own
development goals and the millennium development goals. Translating EU development policies into
practical action, it is responsible for all the steps in the project cycle. EuropeAid is highly decentralised
- most of the preparatory and implementation work is done through the Commission's representative
offices (delegations) in the recipient countries, close to the final beneficiaries of our activities. Two
thirds of all staff working on funding implementation are based in delegations.
EuropeAid's activities encompass the European Development Fund (for ACP countries) for which
Commissioner Louis Michel is responsible, and some 50 budget headings for which Commissioners
Louis Michel and Benita Ferrero-Waldner are responsible.
AIDCO.E.4 Governance, security, human rights, gender
Aurelia Willie, aurelia.willie@ec.europa.eu, Indigenous populations (Meeting 22-04-09)
AIDCO.E.6 Natural Resources
Quality management officers

(DG ECHO) Directorate-General Humanitarian Aid Department
ECHO is a service that funds relief to victims of natural and man-made disasters outside the
European Union. It is under the direct responsibility of Commissioner Louis Michel. Part of the
department’s mission is to raise public awareness of the issues at stake.
 A.1 African, Caribbean, Pacific
Mr. F. Bello, International Aid/ Cooperation Officer – Head of sector Humanitarian Aid for the Horn of
Ms. P. Rozycka, International Aid / Cooperation Officer - Humanitarian Aid Desk for Kenya
Ms. Z. Pimley-Smith, International Aid / Cooperation Assistant - Humanitarian Aid Desk for Kenya
Mr. D. Merckx, International Aid / Cooperation Assistant - Humanitarian Aid Desk for Burundi and
Mr. M. Schivo, International Aid / Cooperation Officer - Humanitarian Aid Desk for Uganda
Ms. A-L. Stella, International Aid / Cooperation Assistant - Humanitarian Aid Desk for Uganda
 A.4 Food Aid and Disaster Preparedness
Ms. L-M. Le Quere, International Aid / Cooperation Officer – Disaster Preparedness and Food Aid

(DG TRADE) Directorate-General Trade

(DG ENV) Directorate-General Environment
Matthias Buck, matthias.buck@ec.europa.eu, Unit E/2 – Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) and
Indigenous Peoples

Council of the European Union
(GAERC) General Affairs and External Relations Council
The Development Cooperation Ministers meet every six months, once under each Presidency. Next
meeting will be in November 2009 in Brussels. Meetings are prepared by the Committee of
Permanent Representatives (COREPER), who is assisted by Council Working Parties such as the
Working Party on Human Rights (COHOM) and the Working Party on Development Cooperation
(CODEV), consisting of national civil servants and sometimes experts/lobbyists.

European Parliament
Parliamentary Committees
Parliamentary Committees meet once or twice a month in Brussels. Their debates are open to the
 (AFET) Committee on Foreign Affairs; Chairman Jacek Saryusz-Wolski (EPP-ED/Poland)
This committee is responsible for primarily on the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and
the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP).
 (DROI) Subcommittee on Human Rights; Chairwomen Hélène Flautre (Greens-EFA/France)
The Subcommittee on Human Rights is a subcommittee of AFET and is responsible for issues
concerning human rights, the protection of minorities and the promotion of democratic values in third
 (DEVE) Committee on Development; Chairman Josep Borrell Fontelles (PSE/Spain)
This committee is responsible for the promotion, implementation and monitoring of development
policy, including political dialogue with developing countries, promotion of democratic values and
human rights and matters relating to the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.
 (INTA) Committee on International Trade; Chairman Helmuth Markov (GUE-NGL/Germany)
 This committee is responsible for the financial, economic and trade relations with third countries and
regional organizations and relevant international organizations such as the WTO.
 (FEMM) Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality; Chairwoman Anna Zaborska (EPP-
This Committee is not only responsible for promoting women’s rights within the EU, but also in third
countries. It is also responsible for gender-mainstreaming in all policy areas.

Parliamentary Delegations
The European Parliament’s delegations interact with the parliaments of countries that are not
members of the European Union. The European Parliament’s delegation to the ACP-EU Joint
Parliamentary Assembly links MEPs and parliamentarians from African, Caribbean and Pacific States.
The chairwoman is Glenys Kinnock (PSE/United Kingdom).

United Nations

UN Human Rights Council
      Universal Periodic Review
             6 session in late 2009: Ethiopia
             8 session in mid 2010: Kenya
             12 session in late 2011: Tanzania and Uganda
      Expert Mechanism on the rights of indigenous peoples

UN Special Procedures
      Independent Expert on the question of human rights and extreme poverty
      Special Rapporteur on the right to food
      Independent Expert on the effects of foreign debt
        Special Rapporteur on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people
        Independent Expert on minority issues
        Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism
        Independent Expert on human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and
        Special Rapporteur on violence against women

UN Treaty Mechanisms
       ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
              13-31 July 2009: Tanzania
       ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
              May 2010: Tanzania
       CERD Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
       CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
       CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child

      Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (advisory body)

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Ethiopia and Uganda did not vote, Kenya abstained, Tanzania voted in favor.
Note: a declaration is non-binding, ‘soft’ law.

UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
The FAO of the UN is the lead agency for rural development in the United Nations system. It works to
alleviate poverty and hunger by promoting agricultural development, improved nutrition and the
pursuit of food security. FAO offers development assistance, provides policy and planning advice to
governments, collects, analyses and disseminates information, and acts as an international forum for
debate on food and agricultural issues. Special programs help countries prepare for emergency food
crisis and provide relief assistance.
FAO is governed by the Conference of member nations, which meets biennially. The Conference
elects a 49-member Council that serves as the governing body between sessions of the Conference.
There are 8 committees under the Council, of which the Committee on Agriculture (COAG), the
Committee on World Food Security (CFS) and the Committee on Forests (COFO) are the most
relevant to pastoralism.
Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, Animal Production and Health Division (AGA)
AGA is implementing two large donor-funded projects in support of its core mandate:
(1) Livestock, Environment and Development (LEAD) Initiative, a multi-donor project which focuses on
the assessment and mitigation of the environmental impacts of the rapidly growing global livestock
sector and
(2) Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative (PPLPI) promoting livestock policy making for poverty
reduction, with ‘subsidiary’ projects in sub-Saharan Africa (the IGAD-based Horn-of-Africa Livestock
Policy Initiative initiated in late 2005) and in Asia (the South Asia Pro-Poor Livestock Policy
Programme initiated in 2006).

Livestock, Environment and Development Initiative (LEAD)
Henning Steinfeld, henning.steinfeld@fao.org, +39 06 570 54751, Coordinator LEAD
Dr. Pierre Gerber, pierre.gerber@fao.org, livestock policy officer (presenter research at LNV 20-
Launched in 2000, the Initiative’s purpose is to devise and promote ecologically sustainable livestock
production strategies and practices while at the same time being concerned with reducing poverty.
LEAD focuses on four broad areas of livestock-environment interactions: the role of livestock in
deforestation, the pollution of water and soil through the intensification and geographical
concentration of livestock production in rapidly industrializing countries, land degradation and
desertification through extensive livestock production systems, and the coexistence and competition
of livestock with wildlife.
The development and pilot application of new concepts figure among LEAD’s main achievements.
These concepts include: balancing land and livestock to bring the absorption capacity of land for
livestock waste in line with livestock density and production, as well as the implementation of
payments for environmental services, rewarding land use improvements leading to increased carbon
sequestration and wildlife protection. Within this second concept, LEAD has implemented pilot
projects funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative (PPLPI)
Joachim Otte, joachim.otte@fao.org, +39 06 570 536 34, Project coordinator PPLPI
In 2001, the FAO launched PPLPI with funding from the UK Department for International
Development (DFID). The goal of the Initiative is to promote the formulation and implementation of
livestock-related policies and institutional changes that focus on reducing poverty through equitable
livestock sector development. To achieve its goal, PPLPI combines stakeholder engagement with
research and analysis, information dissemination, and capacity strengthening.
As most policies that affect livestock keepers are made nationally, a sound understanding of the
processes involved is essential. Participation at country level is necessary to understand how best to
influence policy making and institution building within the spectrum of prevailing conditions. PPLPI
has, therefore, engaged in specific policy processes in selected countries in East Asia, South Asia,
East Africa, West Africa, and the Andean region. Within countries, PPLPI works through partnerships
engaging local policy makers, civil society and researchers with the goal of facilitating an evidence-
based dialogue leading to broadly acceptable solutions.

UN Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP is the main body for coordinating the UN development work. It is an organization advocating
for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a
better life.
UNDP advocates for nationally-owned solutions to reduce poverty and promote human development.
It sponsors innovative pilot projects; connects countries to global good practices and resources;
promotes the role of women in development; and brings governments, civil society and outside
funders together to coordinate their efforts.
UNDP Drylands Development Centre
UNDP Drylands Development Centre is part of the United Nations Development Programme. It is a
unique global thematic centre that provides technical expertise and practical policy advice and
programme support for poverty reduction and development in the drylands of the world.
The Centre’s work bridges between global policy issues and on-the-ground activities, and helps
governments to establish and institutionalize the link between grassroots development activities and
pro-poor policy reform. The main areas of focus are mainstreaming of drylands development issues
into national development frameworks; land tenure/reform and sustainable land management;
markets work for the poor; decentralized governance for natural resources management; drought and
complex food security and payment for environmental services.


 International Day of the World's Indigenous People, 9 August
 Ethiopia Pastoralist Day, 25 January
 Kenya Pastoralist Week
 World Gathering of Nomadic and Transhumant Pastoralists, September

Other Instruments

International Labor Organization Convention 169
Not signed by Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
The Dana Declaration on Mobile Peoples and Conservation
The campaigning organization World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous People (WAMIP,
www.wamip.org) was created by mobile indigenous peoples during the 2003 IUCN World Parks
Congress in Durban.
Based in Tehran, Iran, WAMIP is a global alliance of nomadic peoples and communities practicing
various forms of mobility as a livelihood strategy while conserving biological diversity and using
natural resources in a sustainable way. The mission of WAMIP is to assist and empower mobile
indigenous peoples throughout the world to maintain their mobile lifestyles in pursuit of livelihoods and
cultural identity, to manage their common property resources in a sustainable manner and to obtain
the full respect of their rights.

Other Stakeholders: European Donors

Department for International Cooperation (DFID, United Kingdom)
Irish Aid
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Denmark’s Development Policy (DANIDA)
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)
Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECID, Spanish Agency for International
AECID was one of collaborating organizations of the World Gathering of Nomadic and Transhumant
Pastoralists in 2007.

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)

Other Stakeholders: Knowledge Centers

International Livestock Institute (ILRI)
Headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya and second principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works at the crossroads of livestock and poverty,
bringing high-quality science and capacity-building to bear on poverty reduction and sustainable

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
ODI is an independent think-tank on international development and humanitarian issues. Its mission is
to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of
suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries.

International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR)
Headquarters in the Philippines with regional center in Nairobi, Kenya and country program offices in
Ethiopia and Uganda.
IIRR promotes people-centered development through capacity building for poor people and their
communities, development organizations and agencies.

Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
IDS is a global organization for research, teaching and communications on international development.
One of their agricultural projects is on livestock and pastoralism in Africa and focuses on
planning and policy processes and systems for tenure, marketing and administration. One of the
knowledge services of IDS is Eldis, which has a specific resource guide on pastoralism.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Washington DC, USA
IFPRI seeks to achieve sustainable food security and reduce poverty in developing countries through
scientific research and research-related activities in the fields of agriculture, livestock, forestry,
fisheries, policy, and natural resources management.

Improving Pastoral Risk Management via Livelihood Diversification in Ethiopia and Kenya
Utah State University; Logan, Utah, USA
This project deals with improving pastoral risk management on East African rangelands. This project
attempts to strengthen pastoralists' risk management strategies and practices through asset
diversification, income diversification, increased access to information and increased access to
external resources. Geographically the project is focused on southern Ethiopia and north-central

Understanding the Future of Pastoralism in Africa
Tufts University, Feinstein International Center, Medford, Massachusetts, USA
The Feinstein International Center at Tufts' work on pastoralism falls into two categories. First, it has a
broad multi-faceted program on 'Pastoralism, Controversies, and Policy Process in Africa’. This
program began in 2005 and works with national and regional policy actors in Africa to develop more
supportive policies and institutional arrangements for pastoralism. The program links community-level
research and experience to policy reform and development. The overall strategy is to work directly
with African institutions and facilitate evidence-based analysis, and promote inputs from multiple and
diverse stakeholders.
Second, it has a range of initiatives that seek to identify and explore key and emerging areas in
pastoral research. These initiatives include: 'Milk Matters', a project to better understand and improve
the health and nutrition of children in pastoral areas; 'Livelihoods and Insecurity in Northeastern
Uganda,' a study of the social and economic factors leading to engagement in violent livelihood
strategies in northeastern Uganda and the cyclical relationship between these livelihoods and
insecurity; and 'Seers as War Makers, Peace Makers, and Leaders within the Karamoja Cluster,' an
analysis of 'seers,' an important traditional authority system in the Karamoja Cluster, in order to better
understand how these systems contribute to or mitigate violence.
African Studies Center (ASC)
Leiden, the Netherlands
Dr. Marcel Rutten is head of the Economy, Ecology and Exclusion research group. His research
activities concentrate on natural resource management, notably of land and water, in (semi-)arid
Africa. In addition, his interest is directed to (eco)tourism and Kenyan politics. Currently three
research programs are being carried out: conflicts over land; famine and drought coping strategies;
and sustainable development of low-cost water sources (shallow wells).

World Agroforestry Center (formerly known as ICRAF)
Nairobi, Kenya
The Center seeks to transform rural areas in the developing world where smallholder households
massively increase their use of trees in agricultural landscapes to improve their food security,
nutrition, income, health, shelter, energy resources and environmental sustainability. It aims to
generate science-based knowledge about the diverse roles that trees play in agricultural landscapes
and to use its research to advance policies and practices that benefit the poor and the environment.

Drylands Coordination Group
Oslo, Norway
The Drylands Coordination Group (DCG) is a network driven by various non-governmental
organizations on development issues in the dryland areas of Africa. DCG's approach is to share
practical experiences between various institutions such as NGOs and CBOs, research institutions,
and policy making institutions. It is active on pastoralism in Ethiopia. Members include ADRA Norway,
Care Norway, Norwegian Church Aid, Norwegian People’s Aid, Development Fund).

Indigenous Peoples’ Center for Documentation, Research and Information (doCip)
Geneva, Switzerland
DoCip is based on the principle of respect for the self-determination of indigenous peoples: it only
acts when asked by indigenous representatives themselves and offers an exclusively technical
support. It also produces a regular newsletter free to indigenous peoples and organizations.
DoCip can be explained as: 1) a documentation and information center created in 1978 at the
request of the Indigenous delegations participating in the first international conference of NGOs on
Indigenous issues held at the United Nations in Geneva in 1977. 2) a service organization guided
by respect for the self-determination of indigenous peoples. DoCip acts at their request, consults them
regularly about projects to carry out and offers them unbiased support. As a service organization for
Indigenous delegations, DoCi organizes technical secretariats at the United Nations during the
principal international conferences, such as the sessions of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, the
sessions of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in New York, the sessions of the Expert
Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the sessions of the WIPO (World Intellectual
Property Organization) and other conferences if necessary and upon request. The technical
secretariats serve as a back office for indigenous delegations, providing them with translation and
interpretation services, necessary office supplies and telecommunication services, useful contact
information (international organizations, addresses, the press), etc.

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Aleppo, Syria
ICARDA's mission is to improve the welfare of poor people and alleviate poverty through research
and training in dry areas of the developing world, by increasing the production, productivity and
nutritional quality of food, while preserving and enhancing the natural resource base.

Livestock Development Group, University of Reading
Reading, United Kingdom
LDG is a research unit committed to global poverty alleviation based upon the action and agency of
the poor. Initiated out of the need for a 'joined-up' approach to poverty research, team members
represent a wide variety of disciplines including psychology, linguistics, veterinary medicine, ethics,
law, computer science, anthropology and epidemiology. Areas of research interest include global
livestock disease prioritization frameworks, public policy issues regarding present and emerging
animal health threats, creating motivational frameworks for the poor, measuring values and attitudes,
livelihood analysis and digital media technologies. The group informs global poverty alleviation
strategies at both the policy, practice and household levels.

VI. Bibliography

Dynamics of Pastoral Systems and Policy Options in East Africa and Ethiopia, MS-TCDC Participant’s
Folder (2009)

Hesse, C. and MacGregor, J., Pastoralism: Drylands’ Invisible Asset?, International Institute for
Environment and Development (IIED) (2006)

Hesse, C. and Ochieng Odhiambo, M., In Search of a Vision for the Future of Pastoralism in East
Africa (2002)

IIRR, Cordaid, Acacia, Drought Cycle Management: A Toolkit for the Drylands of the Greater Horn

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Assessment Report 4, Working Group I Report,
The Physical Science Basis (2007)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Assessment Report 4, Working Group II Report,
Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (2007)
Kipuri, N. and Ridgewell, A., A Double Bind: The Exclusion of Pastoralist Women in the East and
Horn of Africa, Minority Rights Group (2008)

Markakis, J., Pastoralism on the Margin, Minority Rights Group (2004)

Nassef, M., Anderson, S., Hesse C., Pastoralism and Climate Change: Enabling Adaptive Capacity,

Report of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Relationship between
Climate Change and Human Rights, A/HRC/10/61 (2009)

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of
Indigenous People, Mission to Kenya, A/HRC/4/32/Add.3, (2007)

Rutten, M., Ignoring another Inconvenient Truth? Challenges in Managing Africa’s Water Crisis,
African Studies Centre Info Sheet 5 (2009)

Rutten, M., Why De Soto’s Land-Tenure Ideas of Formalized Property Rights are Failing to Benefit
Africa’s Poor, African Studies Centre Info Sheet 6 (2009)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), The Global Drylands Imperative: Pastoralism and
Mobility in the Drylands (2003)

World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP) et al, Total Economic Valuation of Kenyan
Pastoralism (2007)

To top