HalitKaplan Sofia eng3 by HC12070802294


									The Turkish Research Area:
 A New Path For A New Horizon
         Dr. Halit Kaplan

         September 2005
Recent Developments in
 Turkish Research Area
          National Science and
          Technology Initiative

      Turkish Research Area-TARAL (*)

(*) adopted at the 10th meeting of the Supreme Council for
Science and Technology, dated 8 September 2004
         Turkish Research Area

                               SPO and
                              Other Public
                                                        Solving problems
 Aims                         Agencies
                                                        Increasing quality
                                                       of life
 Objectives
                                                        Enhancing welfare
 Principles                                 Private
                                             Sector     Boosting
 Priorities

        Actors of Turkish National Science
        and Technology System
        (policy makers)
                                       TUBITAK-The Scientific and
   BTYK- Supreme Council of
    Science and Technology             Research Council of Turkey

     TAEK- The Turkish Atomic
                                   MIT-Ministry of Industry and Trade
        Energy Commission

    TOBB-Union of Chambers and          ME-Ministry of Education
   Commodity Exchange of Turkey

     The Turkish Academy           HEC-Higher Education Council (YÖK)
      of Sciences (TÜBA)

KOSGEB- Small and Medium Sized      TTGV- Technology Development
         Industry and                   Foundation of Turkey
  Development Organizations

                                      TÜRKAK- Accreditation Board

DPT- State Planning Organization
                                      DTM-Foreign Trade and Treasury
       Actors of Turkish National Science
       and Technology System
       (science and research performers)
               TUBITAK National Research
                 Centers and Institutes  National Research
Turkish             Marmara Research Center (MAM)               Centers
Industry                     Institute of Energy              and Institutes
                    Chemistry and Environment Institute
                                Food Institute
                             Materials Institute
                 Information Technologies Research Institute
                 Earth and Marine Sciences Research Institute
                Information Technologies and Electronics
                       Research Institute (BİLTEN)
                   National Electronics and Criptology
                        Research Institute (UEKAE)                 Turkish
               Defence Industry Research and Development           Private
                             Institute(SAGE)                     Universities
  State                                                         and Research
Universities           Basic Science Research Institute
                     National Academic Network Center             Centers
                            Genetic Engineering
                     and Biotechnology Research Institute
                         National Metrology Institute
                   Turkish Industry Management Institute
                            National Observatory
                   Turkish National Science,
                   Technology and Innovation System
                  President of Republic

                                                  Prime Minister
                MEB                       STB
   YÖK            Universities                                  DIE    DTM         DPT         TÜBA              TÜBİTAK
                       KOSGEB                             TPE                                        TTGV
                                                           R&D Institutions
BTYK- Supreme Council of Science and Technology                         TPE- Turkish Patent Institute
STB- Minister of Industry and Trade                                     TSE- Turkish Standards Institution
MEB- Ministry of National Education                                     DIE- State Institute of Statistics
TÜBİTAK- The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey    DTM- Undersecretariat of the Prime Minister for Foreign Trade
YÖK- Higher Education Council (YÖK)                                     TOBB-Union of Chambers and Commodity          Exchange of Turkey
TÜBA- The Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA)                            KOSGEB- Small and Medium Industry Development Organizations
DPT- State Planning Organization                                        TTGV- Technology Development Foundation of Turkey
TÜRKAK- Accreditation Board
 Government-financed GERD
       2004                                                2005
205 Million $                                      526 Million $


TÜBİTAK- The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey

DPT- State Planning Organization

KOSGEB- Small and Medium Sized Industry and Development Organizations

DTM- Under secretariat of the Prime Minister for Foreign Trade
          Strategic Objectives*

  To increase quality of life of society
  To find solutions to social issues
  To increase competitiveness of country,
  To spread and disseminate S&T culture
   among society

* Adopted at 10th Turkish High Council in Science and Technology
          Main Targets*

     To increase the demand for R&D
     To enhance the quality and quantity of
      scientists, professionals and technical
     To increase the share of R&D
      expenditures in GDP

* Adopted at 10th Turkish High Council in Science and Technology
          Priorities in Capacity
  To increase and develop both the quantity
   and quality of scientists
  To develop research infrastructures
  The reinforcement of National and
   International networks (with a particular
   stress on EU Networks)
  To inform and disseminate

* Adopted at 10th Turkish High Council in Science and Technology
     Priority themes and areas

 Priority Technological Areas (TA)

   Information and Communication
   Biotechnology ve Genome Technologies
   Material Technologies
   Nanotechnologies
   Design Technologies
   Mechatronic
   Production Process and Technologies
   Energy and environmental technologies
  Programs organized under the
  authorities of the Prime Minister

 Defense Research Program
 Space Research Program
 Scientists’ Education and
  Development Program
 Science and Society
    10th Turkish High Council in Science
    and Technology’s Decision

 To add complementary public funds to the
  R&D Budget, starting with the 2005’s budget,
  in order to increase the ratio of R&D expenses
  in GDP up to 2% in 2010

       446 million YTL (279 million €)
 added to the 2005’s Budget for the Turkish
            Research Area (TARAL)
 10th Turkish High Council in
 Science and Technology’s
 Decision (2004/1-5)

 To raise the number of full-time
equivalent number of scientists up to
         40.000 until 2010
   Legal and Financial
Infrastructure Regulations
    Financial Audit

 Establishment of the approval of an accredited financial
  inspector for pre-financial analysis, auditing and
  certification of expenditures in application of R&D
  support relative to Industry
 The above-mentioned application shall shorten and
  accelerate the process of TÜBİTAK’s R&D support to the
 The Application concerning the pre-payment (advance)
  of financial grant in application of R&D support relative
  to Industry is foreseen for end of 2005.
 The audit of “administrations with general and
  complementary budget” will be performed by the
  auditors of the Ministry of Finance
 Internal auditing will be the rule for other public
  Project Analysis and
  Control of Performance

 Shall be performed by TÜBİTAK
 Public Institutions, in Space and
  Defense research projects, shall take
  a role in the projects’ control of
  performance as well as project
  coordinating institutions for their
  “client” public institutions
     Support to
Academic R&D Projects
The Scientists’ Education
and Development Program
        Ministry of National Education – TÜBİTAK
        Protocol of Collaboration-November 2004

 Goal: To spread Scientific
  Support Programs among the
  youth in order grow the
  scientists of the future by
  discovering our talented
  children from early age and
  insufflate them the
  researcher’s spirit
 50% increase in the number
  of applications to the
  Research Project contests for
  secondary school students       Ministry of National Education
                                  24 November 2004
          Seminars of Scientific Consulting in

   Goal: To guide and orient primary
    and secondary school students to
    scientific researchs
   TÜBİTAK-TUBA collaboration (2004)
   « Scientific Consulting » training
       72 primary school teachers in science
       72 secondary school teachers in
        biology, physics, chemistry and
    Selected by the Ministry of National
   Planification of a programme for
                                                June-July 2005
    Social Science
          EU’s Support to the Research
          Infrastructures of Candidate Countries

 One of the European Commission’s application for fullfilling the objective of
increasing candidate countries’ participation was to open a call for the creation of
« Excellence Centers » in the three countries. 138 projects had been submitted
from Turkey.

 27 sucessfull projects had been selected for Turkey.

 THe European Commission has granted 11 projects with a total amount of
8,12 million €.

     Country                              Number of Projects accepted
     Turkey                                           11 (27)
     Bulgaria                                             7
     Romania                                              8
       TÜBİTAK’s Support

 The TÜBİTAK-BAYG (Scientists’ Education Group) decided to
allocate a grant for studying a graduation programme or a phd in
Turkey to two persons from each of the 11 organisations
supported by the EU funds (22 persons in total)

TÜBİTAK decided to fund the other 16 project proposals
which have succeeded the Euopean Commission’s evaluation but
which have not been retained due to the lack of funds (5.6
million € in total).
      Evaluation System of the R&D
  Objective
   To define the rules and principles which shall be used in the
   evaluation of organisations’ technological capabilities provided
Some Criteria
    Technological creations and its Management,
    Information Resources and its Management,
    Project Management,
    Intellectual Property Management,
    R&D Management,
    Financial ressources,
    R&D human ressources and its Management, R&D
      experience (for finished and/or ongoing projects; licence,
      useful model, immatriculation, copyright; publications;
      profits provided by intellectual property rights; original
      products’ profit on the total sales revenue ratio)
 Manageable R&D Capability Development Project
Global R&D Centers
Support to National and
International Networks
Turkey’s performance in FP6
Turkey’s performance in FP6
        Evaluation of the current
 According to European Commission’s datas, April 2004 ;

                                     Number of
                      Full-Time      Proposals
        Country                                        Ratio
                                    (April 2004)

      Germany (*)      480.000         20.596           23

         Turkey         27.000          1.214           22

 (*) Germany is chosen as a benchmark due to the success it has
 recorded in Framework Programs, and also due to its level of
 population, which is comparable to Turkey.
     TÜBİTAK’s support to foster
     the participation in FP6

 EU Project Proposal Rewarding Program
   1.158.340 YTL has been granted in total for 452 project
  proposals since the beginning of the Program.

 Travel and Meeting Support Program for
Developing Project
   131.000 YTL has been granted in total for 125 researchers since
  the beginning of the Program.
  Industry R&D
Projects Supports
           Industry R&D Projects

(*) Aug 2005
(**) By the end of 2005
         TOBB-TÜBİTAK Collaboration:
         Training of Industrial Contact Points

 Training areas
    R&D Concepts
    Frascatti and Oslo guides
    Project preparation and
    TÜBİTAK Support
    TİDEB Program
    Intellectual and Patent Rights
    6th Framework Program

 34 participants from 19 provinces
Increase demand for
R&D Support for Space
     and Defense
Collaboration between the
Ministry of National Defense (MSB),
The Directory of Civil Defense (SSM)
 Projects Program
   and Research
        Knowledge-R&D Cost per Kg

Concrete               1 cent
Cement                 1 cent
Steel                  50 cent
Aluminium              1,5 $
Automobile             10 – 100 $
Passenger Aircraft     100 – 1.000 $
Fiber Optic Cable      3.000 $
War jet                10.000 $
Comm. Satellite        100.000 $
Silicon Chip (Wafer)   4.000.000 $
    Knowledge as a Tool

Knowledge is a tool that can be used
for a variety of social objectives,

   Meeting Basic Human Needs
   Increasing Safety & Security
   Improving the Quality of Life
   Making War
   Economic Growth and Development
      Science & Technology Funding
      Sources and Used Amount
      (%, 2002)

Country          Industry             State             Other      Univ.
              Fund     Used      Fund      Used     Fund Used Used

USA             63       69        31         9       6        5    17
Japan           74       74        18       10        8        2    14
Germany         65       69        32       14        3             17
Russia          33       70        58       25        9             5
Spain           49       55        39       15       12             30
Turkey          43       33        51         6       6             61

Source: OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators May 2004
            State R&D source
            distribution in USA (%)

      70                                                    Dept. of
      60                                                    Other state


      40                                                     Dept. of
                                                            Health and
      20                                                    Humanity

      10                                                     Dept. of
           1951 1970 1990 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Approach of Program

   Give a Man a Fish
    You Feed Him for a Day.
  (What state agencies do currently by
    procurement mostly from overseas to
    meet their needs)

   Teach a Man to Fish
    You Feed Him For a Lifetime.
  (What newly established TUBITAK Public
    R&D Project Program aims)
                     (Old Chinese Proverb)
     Three-Legged Stool Approach for
     Public R&D Projects Partnership:

Public R&D                      Funding of TUBITAK
Projects Program                 Public R&D Projects
based on three
legs partnership
The Program
accepting            (state                            Industry
projects from      agencies)
state agencies
(as costumer-
user) by                                R&D
partnering with                      Performers
R&D performers
and industry
Guides for TÜBİTAK Public R&D
Project Preparation and Applications

  How Public R&D Research
  Project Program Works

    State Agencies Identify Areas of Research
        Needs by preparing R&D program

    State Agencies prepare Research Proposals
    together with R&D performers and industry

 State Agencies submit Research Project Proposal
            to TUBITAK for evaluation

   Related TUBITAK Research Group Committee
      evaluates Public R&D Project Proposals

If proposal meets minimum requirements of support
        a contract signed between TUBITAK
          and project partners for Funding
 TUBITAK Research Grant Committees
 for Project Evaluation &Follow up

Basic Sciences RGC
Construction & Environmental Technologies
Earth, Marine & Atmospheric Sciences RGC
Electrical, Electronics & Informatics RGC
Health Sciences RGC
Mechanical, Chemical & Material Tech RGC
Veterinary & Animal Husbandry RGC
Social Sciences RGC
Space Research and Technologies RGC
Defense Research and Technologies RGC
Agriculture, Forestry & Food Technologies RGC
     Program Objectives

 Use R&D approach to meet needs of state agencies instead
  of procurement
 Reduce rate of import and overseas dependent S&T policy
 Increase level of R&D works in state and increase R&D
  demand in society
 Disseminate R&D culture into state agencies to establish
  some new Research and Development programs depending
  upon their S&T needs
 Develop an accredited solid R&D system in state agencies
  thorough partnerships
 Guide to state agencies to meet the European Union R&D
  and S&T criteria
 Prepare government agencies to adopt a proactive S&T

                  Program started with act of 11. BTYK (March 10, 2005 )
    Program Objectives
 Maximize the potential inherent in a state’s S&T
 Use those resources as a foundation for economical
 Increase public awareness of R&D in the state
 Expands funding opportunities in government
  innovation research and development
 Expands public/private sector partnerships
 Promote development of science and technology
  resources through partnerships
      Universities
      Industry
      Government
     Some important R&D Criteria for
     Public Research Projects

 Developing a new national/international technology/method/
system/product/process technique in direction of government
agencies R&D research program and interests
 As a result of project, developed technology/method/
system/product/process/ technique is new to country, Turkey
 Solving a problem/problems of state agency thorough
partnership by using a new technology/method/
system/product/process/ technique
 Reduce or Remove technological dependency
 Application is new to country, Turkey
 Solve an important problem/problems of country of Turkey
 Promote development of science and technology resources
through partnerships Universities, Industry and Government
        Summary of State R&D Projects

Call for projects                                 March 2005
Deadline for project submission                   May 31, 2005
Expanded new deadline for project submission as   End of year 2005
requested by the state agencies
Total number of submissions                       246
Number of state agencies project submitted        30
Number of Defence and Space Research Projects     133
Total submitted number of state projects          113
Total Budget (out of 854 M YTL)                   50 M YTL
Projects period                                   1-4 years
Number of evaluated projects                      42
Number of supported projects until now            14
Number of projects accepted, processed and a      7 projects
contract signed for financial support
Acceptance rate(%)                                %30
         Submitted State R&D Projects
          State Agency                 Project Number   Budget (YTL)
Ministry of Defence                         133         622.874.000
Ministry of Agriculture                     27          42.358.252
Ministry of Environment and Forestry        21          27.733.661
Ministry of Health                          15          29.702.830
Ministry of Energy and Resources            10          32.909.713
State Highway Administration                10          16.715.000
Ministry of Construction                     4           8.661.000
Ministry of Interior                         3           2.966.206
Eti Mining Group                             3            661.691
Ministry of Education                        3           2.323.510
Turkish Petroleum Group                      3          11.494.168
Temsan A.S                                   2           7.959.500
Other                                       12          27.861.397
              Total                         246         834.220.928
             State R&D Projects Accepted,
             Processed and a Contract Signed
             for Financial Support
          State Agency                   R&D Performers

                             HACETTEPE UNI. Fac. of Medicine
Ministry of Health           HACETTEPE ÜNI. Fac of Pharmacy           1.000.000
                             METU             METU-Fac. Of Science
                             RESEARCH INSTITUTES OF MINISTRY
                             OF AGRICULTURE
Ministry of Agriculture      EGE UNI.                                 1.222.500
                             MUSTAFA KEMAL UNI
                             GAZIOSMANPASA UNI

Ministry of Construction     İSTANBUL KÜLTÜR ÜNİV.                    4.237.200

Ministry of Construction     METU                                     3.705.800

Ministry of Construction     TÜBİTAK-MAM, 22 Universities            15.500.000

Ministry of Energy           METU                                     1.000.000

Ministry of Transportation   TÜBİTAK MAM                              3.500.000
              2005-2010 State R&D Projects
Million YTL   Financial Support Expectations

    Expected TARAL expenditures
    and Public R&D rate in 2006

    Year/ Million YTL
                        Expenditure   %
Science Manpower            70         9
Academic R&D               189        24
Industrial R&D             243        31
Defence and Space          100        13
State R&D                  100        13
Science and Society         30         4
Institutes                  40         5
Total                      772        100

 Science and Technology are very important to
  keep a nation’s economy competitive and to
  solve nation’s problems in health, defense,
  energy and environment.
 TUBITAK expects that this program will help to
  concentrate on the government ’s research
 This R&D Program focused on achieving well-
  defined practical outcomes
 Will help to promote Turkey’s role in science and
  technology arena
 As a result, every state research and
  development (R&D) YTL must be invested as
  effectively as possible.
              In order to…

    Increase quality of life of society
    Find solutions to social issues
    Increase competitiveness of country
    Spread and disseminate the S&T culture
     among our society

…We are continuously working hand in hand,
from heart to heart, putting our genius at the
   service of the unlighted path of Science
Contract Sign Ceremony for 7 accepted and
processed government research projects

   Dr. Halit Kaplan

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