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					Deaths from smoking
in Slovenia
Deaths from smoking
in Slovenia

• This presentation provides estimates of the number
  of deaths caused by smoking in Slovenia

• Particular emphasis is given to the number of deaths
  in middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69)

• Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net
Source of data: “Mortality from Smoking in
Developed Countries, 1950–2000”

• Updated edition of a 1994 book, authored by an
  international team of scientists:
  – Richard Peto, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Oxford
  – Alan Lopez, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Queensland
  – Jillian Boreham, Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford
  – Michael Thun, Chief of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society


• Uses WHO mortality data for lung cancer and for
  other diseases, and UN population data

www.deathsfromsmoking.net
                                               Slovenia, year 2000


Annual deaths from smoking


• Smoking kills about 2,800 people a year in Slovenia
• About 1,600 die in middle age from smoking
• Many of those killed in middle age would have lived
  on for 10, 20, 30 or more good years
• About 21 years of life are lost, on average, by those
  killed in middle age by smoking



www.deathsfromsmoking.net
                                                Slovenia, year 2000


Smoking causes about twice as many deaths as
all non-medical causes put together

2,800                       1,543*
smoking                     non-medical

                            Murder / assault    Falls
                            Suicide             Drowning
                            Road accidents      Poisoning
                            Plane crashes       Fires
                            Train crashes       Floods / storms
                            Accidents at work   Other natural disasters
                            Accidents at home   Other accidents



                            *in year 2000


www.deathsfromsmoking.net
                                       Slovenia, year 2000


Smoking kills 2,800 people a year,
from many different diseases

                                     800
                                     vascular
          1,200                      (heart disease,
                                     stroke and other
        cancer*
                                     diseases of the
                                     arteries and veins)


                                     300
                                     other
                         500
                  respiratory

                                     *includes 800 (86%) of
www.deathsfromsmoking.net       the 931 lung cancer deaths
                                                Slovenia, year 2000


About one in four of all cancer deaths
is due to smoking
       1,200 (25%)                                      4,800
       from smoking                       total cancer deaths



       1,050 (39%)                2,700
       from smoking               male



       150 (7%)           2,100
       from smoking     female



www.deathsfromsmoking.net
Male deaths in middle age from smoking


• The main pattern of increase and, eventually,
  decrease in premature deaths from smoking is at a
  more advanced stage among men than among women

• This pattern is seen first in middle age, then in old age

• The next three slides concentrate on male deaths
  in middle age


www.deathsfromsmoking.net
                                      Slovenia, year 2000


About one in three of all deaths in
middle-aged men is due to smoking*




                                      *1,400 (32%) of the
www.deathsfromsmoking.net     4,400 deaths at ages 35-69
                                           Slovenia, year 2000


Of 100 men aged 35 years …


• 35 die in middle age*
• 11 of these 35 deaths are from smoking



   11           35%



                                            *risks at year 2000
www.deathsfromsmoking.net           death rates for ages 35-69
                                               Slovenia, year 2000


Summary for the whole population

In Slovenia:

• Smoking kills about 2,800 men and women every year

• About 1,600 die in middle age from smoking

• Smoking causes about twice as many deaths
  as all non-medical causes put together

• About one in four of all cancer deaths is due to smoking


www.deathsfromsmoking.net
Messages for the individual smoker


• The risk is big: about half are killed
• Those killed in middle age lose many years
• Stopping smoking works
    – Even in early middle age, those who stop (before they have
      lung cancer or some other fatal disease) avoid most of their
      risk of being killed by tobacco
    – Stopping before middle age works even better




www.deathsfromsmoking.net
Deaths from smoking: an electronic resource
www.deathsfromsmoking.net
Published by
International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006

Funded by
Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), University of Oxford
International Union Against Cancer (UICC)
Fogarty International Center, US NIH
UK Medical Research Council
Cancer Research UK

Project team           Richard Peto, Judith Watt, Jillian Boreham
Project management     Sinéad Jones
Advice and support     Steve Woodward, Konrad Jamrozik, Lesley Walker, Trish Cotter
Design                 bwa-design.co.uk

				
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