Renewable Fuels for Alternative Energy by Sedoc94


									Renewable Fuels for Alternative Energy

The Germans have really taken off when it comes to renewable fuel sources, and have become one of the
major players in the alternative energy game. Under the aegis of the nation's electricity feed laws, the
German people set a world record in 2006 by investing over $10 billion (US) in research, development, and
implementation of wind turbines, biogas power plants, and solar collection cells. Germany's “feed laws”
permit the German homeowners to connect to an electrical grid through some source of renewable energy
and then sell back to the power company any excess energy produced at retail prices. This economic
incentive has catapulted Germany into the number-one position among all nations with regards to the
number of operational solar arrays, biogas plants, and wind turbines. The 50-terawatt hours of electricity
produced by these renewable energy sources account for 10% of all of Germany's energy production per
year. In 2006 alone, Germany installed 100,000 solar energy collection systems.

Over in the US, the BP corporation has established an Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI) to spearhead
extensive new research and development efforts into clean burning renewable energy sources, most
prominently biofuels for ground vehicles. BP's investment comes to $50 million (US) per year over the
course of the next decade. This EBI will be physically located at the University of Illinois Urbana-
Champaign. The University is in partnership with BP, and it will be responsible for research and
development of new biofuel crops, biofuel-delivering agricultural systems, and machines to produce
renewable fuels in liquid form for automobile consumption. The University will especially spearhead efforts
in the field of genetic engineering with regard to creating the more advanced biofuel crops. The EBI will
additionally have as a major focal point technological innovations for converting heavy hydrocarbons into
pollution-free and highly efficient fuels.

Also in the US, the battle rages on between Congress and the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA). The
GEA's Executive Director Karl Gawell has recently written to the Congress and the Department of Energy,
the only way to ensure that DOE and OMB do not simply revert to their irrational insistence on terminating
the geothermal research program is to schedule a congressional hearing specifically on geothermal energy,
its potential, and the role of federal research. Furthermore, Gawell goes on to say that recent studies by the
National Research Council, the Western Governors' Association Clean Energy Task Force and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology all support expanding geothermal research funding to develop the
technology necessary to utilize this vast, untapped domestic renewable energy resource. Supporters of
geothermal energy, such as this writer, are amazed at the minuscule amount of awareness that the public has
about the huge benefits that research and development of the renewable alternative energy source would
provide the US, both practically and economically. Geothermal energy is already less expensive to produce
in terms of kilowatt-hours than the coal that the US keeps mining. Geothermal energy is readily available,
sitting just a few miles below our feet and easily accessible through drilling. One company, Ormat, which is
the third largest geothermal energy producer in the US and has plants in several different nations, is already
a billion-dollar-per-year business—geothermal energy is certainly economically viable.

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