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					                                      Jacob’s Ladder Ranch
Background:
Sheriff Tanner Pratt and several deputies came looking for Bishop Ezra Jensen, 48, when he did not show
up for a 9:00 am court appearance to face charges of polygamy on Monday May 5, 2008. Jensen was the
owner of the Jacob’s Ladder Ranch in Water Canyon outside of Hildale, Utah and a Bishop in the
Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS). The Hildale area was a center for
fundamentalist Mormon sects that still believed in polygamy. Jensen was believed to have had four
wives, Sister Sariah Davis Jensen, Sister Aldene Clark Jensen, Sister Kurstin Taylor Jensen, and his newest
wife, Sister Liahona Allen Jensen, 16. Liahona had recently given birth to a son, Nephi.

Five families occupied the ranch compound, the Jensens, Allens, Davises, Clarks and Taylors. They had
intermarried extensively over the previous 100 years. The eldest Jensen male had been the hereditary
leader of the sect. Younger sons were sent out to develop new ranching operations throughout
southern Utah and northern Arizona. The Jensen group was unusual in that Ezra Jensen owned the
ranch outright, and was not part of the United Effort Plan, the financial arm of the FLDS, which owned
much of the local property in the town of Hildale. Jensen was a leader of a splinter group, the “Second
Ward” that had brought a court case against the United Effort Plan in an attempt to withdraw their
holdings from what they considered a joint business venture, rather than donations to a charitable trust.

Sheriff Pratt’s search of the ranch buildings led to no sign of Jensen. However, Jensen’s pickup truck was
missing and several hunting rifles and a handgun also appeared to be missing from a gun locker in the
barn. Sister Sariah told Pratt that Ezra had gone hunting several days earlier and had not yet returned,
and that he often went out into the back country to hunt and pray for God’s guidance.

As Pratt left the ranch he decided to scan the hills with his binoculars, and he saw vultures circling in the
distance. On a hunch, Pratt called for additional assistance, and a search was made. At 4:00 pm on May
5, a body was found propped under a tree several miles from the ranch. A rifle and hand gun are found
next to the body and there appears to be a gunshot wound to the head.




                               Aldene Clark Jensen, Sariah Davis Jensen and Kurstin Taylor Jensen




                                                  1
Hildale, Washington County, Utah




                                   2
Dirt road leading to site of where body was found




                                               3
Update 6/3/09

Crime Scene Details
The body was found seated under a Fremont cottonwood tree near a small brook. The ground was
sandy with wild grasses. No distinct footprints could be located on the rough ground. A picture of the
location where the body was found is shown below. The rifle was found on the ground about 1 foot
from the body. The pistol was found under the victim’s right hand and the head wound was in the right
side of the head. A pick-up truck was found approximately 400 feet away from the body on a dirt road.




                                       Tree where body was found




                                                   Truck found on dirt road 400 feet from the body.

A shoe print was found near the truck on the dirt road at the site where the body was found. The shoe
was cast at the scene.




                                               4
A section of tire track was also found 20 feet behind the truck on the dirt road and was cast as well.




Medical Examiner’s Preliminary Examination
The medical examiner arrived at 6:00 pm on Monday, May 5, 2008 and undertook a preliminary



                                                 5
examination of the remains. The victim was estimated to weigh 180 pounds and was 6’1” tall. The body
was dressed in jeans, T-shirt, cotton shirt and a light flannel shirt. Rigor was fixed in all parts of the
body. Livor mortis was fixed and could not be blanched. The pattern on the body is shown below. The
body does not show substantial evidence of putrefaction—the abdomen has not turned green and there
is little evidence of bloating.




Close up of penetrating gunshot wound to victim’s head after washing of the body. There was no exit
wound.




                                                6
The body was that of a man in his mid 40’s to mid 50’s with a gunshot wound to the right
frontoparietal region. A CT scan shows that the bullet crossed the midline, lacerating the
superior longitudinal sinus and producing a large midline subdural hematoma.

No wallet or other identification was found either on the victim or in the truck. Fingerprints of the
victim were taken and are shown below.




Right Thumb              Right Index               Right Middle          Right Ring        Right Pinky

Weather Data
Historical weather information for May 4 can be found at
http://www.wunderground.com/weatherstation/WXDailyHistory.asp?ID=MAR541&month=5&day=4&y
ear=2008 and for May 5 at
http://www.wunderground.com/weatherstation/WXDailyHistory.asp?ID=MAR541&month=5&day=5&y
ear=2008

Weapons




Browning A-Bolt Composite Stalker 270 Winchester rifle found propped against rear of the tree.



                                               7
A Browning pistol was found next to body near the victim’s right hand. The magazine was
loaded with four 9 mm LUGER Federal Hydra-Shok bullets and a partial package of
cartridges was found in the truck at the crime scene. A visual search of the vicinity around
the body did not turn up any bullet casings.




A bullet was removed from the victim’s head during autopsy. It was consistent with 9 mm ammunition
and with the caliber of the Browning pistol found next to the body.




                                              8
Micrograph of 9 mm bullet recovered from victim’s head.

Several other 9 mm weapons were obtained from a search of the ranch, including a Bryco Arms pistol, a
Ruger pistol and a Walther pistol.




Bryco Arms 9 mm pistol and recovered from Liahona Allen Jensen’s residence at Jacob’s
Ladder Ranch.




                                              9
Ruger 9 mm pistol and magazines recovered from the weapons locker found in the main
barn at Jacob’s Ladder Ranch. The magazines were loaded with the Winchester round nose
cartridges and an unopened sealed new box of cartridges was found in the weapons locker.




Walther 9 mm pistol recovered from a foot locker in the young men’s dormitory at Jacob’s



                                         10
Ladder Ranch.

Search of Public Records
The deed to Jacob’s Ladder Ranch is solely in the name of Ezra Jensen. There are no lease or rental
agreements for the other families domiciled on the farm. The housing is provided as part of the
wages/compensation for the other families working on the farm.

Unlike most of the fundamentalist Mormons in Hildale, who owned land and businesses in common,
Ezra Jensen’s group did not, so in fact he was quite wealthy. He owned the 5,000 acre ranch, the
slaughterhouse and meat packing enterprise on the ranch, and approximately $3.5 million in cash,
bonds, and stocks.

Ezra Jensen’s lawyer was Bishop Taft Smith, another local Mormon leader. Taft Smith said that until
recently Ezra’s will had left everything to his eldest son, Ammon, 19 in a trust to be administered by
Sariah until Ammon turned 21. Taft Smith had prepared a new will in the previous month naming
Liahona as administrator for a trust set up to benefit Nephi, with the money reverting to Ammon in the
event of Nephi’s death. However, Ezra had not yet brought a signed copy of the will to Taft Smith’s
office so Smith did not know whether the new will had been executed or not.

Taft Smith also said that Ezra had life insurance policies with each of his wives as beneficiaries in the
amount of $400,000 each, and that the wives had the right to live in their accommodations at the ranch
rent free during their natural lifetimes.

Interviews with Wives
Detectives interviewed each of the four wives separately. All said that Ezra Jensen was a good and godly
man and excellent father who cared for the welfare of his extended family. All four wives were aware of
the life insurance provisions made for them and their children. The first three wives were in agreement
that Ezra had told them that the ranch and all other properties would pass to Ammon when he turned
21 as the eldest of Bishop Ezra’s male line. All the wives were proud of their status as married to Ezra,
and all said they lived peaceably together with each in her own house on the property. Ezra routinely
moved from house to house every two days, except for Sundays which were always spent with Sariah as
his first wife. The wives all commented on how good life was when you had other Sisters to help you
raise your children and helped in the work of the ranch.

However, Liahona Jensen said that Ezra had discussed the revisions to his will with her, and she
produced a signed copy of the new will. Liahona told the detectives that Ezra had had a vision in which
the angel Moroni told him that Nephi would be a prophet in his own time and lead the FLDS Church into
the future. Ezra’s revised will was meant to assure that Nephi would be able to fulfill his destiny. Liahona
also said that Ezra had told her he intended to drop off the new will with Taft Smith on Monday on his
way to the courthouse. She said that Ezra told her that he had intended to discuss the change in the will
with Sariah at his regular Sunday dinner with her and their children. At this point Liahona broke down
weeping and had to be sedated.



                                                 11
Interviews with Other FLDS Leaders
The other bishops and elders in the Hildale FLDS were interviewed. All were reticent, saying little beyond
that Bishop Ezra was a good and godly man who was being persecuted by the government. However,
several pointed out that Ezra’s main reason for “going his own way” was his pride in his financial
prowess. Wile they may have attended worship services together, Ezra’s refusal to join in their
communal business ventures and mutual support was a sore point.

Police also interviewed the members of the Allen, Davis, Taylor and Clark families that lived in houses on
the ranch. All were shocked by Bishop Ezra’s death, but most believed he might have committed suicide
to avoid jail time and as a protest against the government’s interference in their religious practice. None
mentioned any recent arguments but all did mention the long standing resentments in the community
and none heard anything unusual on Sunday or Monday. The only dissenting comments were made by
Vernetta Clark Davis, Aldene Clark Jensen’s sister. She said that Aldene had told her that Sariah was
angry that Ezra had married Liahona whom she considered to be a wild and willful child who did not
adhere to the ways of the FLDS Church. Sariah had told Ezra that she thought Liahona had been trying
to lure her son Ammon astray, and it was when Ezra went to discuss Liahona with her parents that he
had himself become smitten with her. Ezra had married Liahona within a month of meeting her.

Update 6/5/09 10:15 am

Ballistics




Bullet test fired from Bryco Arms 9 mm                   Bullet test fired from Ruger 9 mm pistol
pistol




                                                 12
Bullet test fired from Walther 9 mm pistol            Bullet test fired from Browning pistol


Fingerprints of Ezra Jensen
The fingerprints of Bishop Ezra Jensen, taken when he was arrested on the polygamy charges are shown
below.




Right Thumb              Right Index           Right Middle            Right Ring         Right Pinky

DNA Analysis
STR DNA profiles were run on samples from the body. A sample from a toothbrush used by Ezra Bensen
was recovered from Sariah Bensen’s residence. Buccal swabs were obtained from Sariah Jensen and her
children Ammon (19), Almira (15), Enoch (12), and Everett(9) for elimination purposes.




                                              13
                                         Exemplar of Ezra
                                        Jensen from Tooth
                                        brush from Sariah's
                         Body                   House           Everett Jensen
 Allele          Allele 1   Allele 2   Allele 1   Allele 2    Allele 1   Allele 2
 D3S1358            12         17         12           18        12         18
 vWa                19         14         14           16        14         16
 FGA                26         42         26           39        26         39
 D8S1179            18         18         18           14        18         14
 D21S11             34         32         34           28        34         28
 D18S51             23         23         23           21        23         21
 D5S818             15          9          9            9         9          9
 D13S317            13         10         10           11        10         11
 D7S820             10         13         10           14        10         14
 D16S539            12          9         12            9        12          9
 THO1                5         10         10            7        10          7
 TPOX               11          8         11           12        11         12
 CSF1PO              9         10          9            8         9          8
 AMEL                X          Y          X           Y          X          Y

                    Sariah Jensen         Ammon Jensen            Almira Jensen         Enoch Jensen
 Allele          Allele 1   Allele 2   Allele 1 Allele 2       Allele 1   Allele 2   Allele 1  Allele 2
 D3S1358            18         18          12       18            12         18         17        18
 vWa                19         16          14       16            19         19         19        19
 FGA                39         41          42       39            42         41         26        39
 D8S1179            18         14          18       18            18         18         18        18
 D21S11             28         29          32       28            32         29         32        29
 D18S51             27         21          23       27            23         27         23        21
 D5S818              9          9           9        9            15          9         15         9
 D13S317            11          7          10       11            13          7         10         7
 D7S820             12         14          10       12            13         14         13        12
 D16S539            14          9           9        9             9          9         12         9
 THO1                9          7           5        7            10          7         10         9
 TPOX               10         12           8       10            11         12          8        12
 CSF1PO             11          8          10       11             9          8         10        11
 AMEL                X          X          X         Y             X          X          X         Y


Ezra Jensen’s other alleged wives and their children were willing to provide DNA samples for elimination
purposes.

                     Aldene Clark          Kurstin Taylor         Liahona Allen
                        Jensen                 Jensen                 Jensen
 Allele          Allele 1   Allele 2   Allele 1    Allele 2    Allele 1   Allele 2
 D3S1358            12         19          16          18         19         18
 vWa                13         19          21          15         16         19
 FGA                19         35          38          38         37         17
 D8S1179            12         16          15          13         12         16
 D21S11             31         34          35          28         33         36



                                                14
 D18S51             23           18        23             17           18        15
 D5S818              8            7         8             15            8        11
 D13S317            14           11        10             12           12        13
 D7S820             12            7        12              9            7        11
 D16S539            10           10        11             11           15        15
 THO1               10            5         9              8            6         9
 TPOX               12            8         9              7            8        10
 CSF1PO              5            8        13              8           15         6
 AMEL               X            X          X              X           X         X
                Wilma Jean          Kara Louise            Kyla Rose
              Taylor Jensen        Taylor Jensen         Taylor Jensen      Aldus Clark        Arcleta Clark
                  Age 12               Age 10                 Age 7        Jensen Age 5       Jensen Age 3
             Allele    Allele    Allele                 Allele   Allele   Allele    Allele   Allele    Allele
  Allele     1         2         1         Allele 2     1        2        1         2        1         2
  D3S1358      17        16         17        18          12        18      17        12       12        19
  vWa          19        21         14        15          14        21      14        19       19        13
  FGA          42        38         26        38          26        38      26        35       42        19
  D8S1179      18        13         18        13          18        13      18        16       18        12
  D21S11       34        35         34        28          34        28      32        34       34        34
  D18S51       23        17         23        23          23        17      23        23       23        18
  D5S818       15        15          9         8          15        15      15         8        9         7
  D13S317      13        12         10        10          10        12      10        14       13        11
  D7S820       13         9         13         9          10        12      10         7       10         7
  D16S539       9        11         12        11           9        11      12        10       12        10
  THO1          5         9          5         8          10         9      10         5       10         5
  TPOX          8         9          8         9           8         7      11         8       11        12
  CSF1PO       10        13         10         8          10        13      10         8       10         8
  AMEL          X         X         X          X           X        X        X         Y        X         X

                 Nephi Allen
                    Jensen            Mosiah Allen
              Allele    Allele
  Allele      1         2         Allele 1   Allele 2
  D3S1358        12        18        14         13
  vWa            14        19        21         15
  FGA            39        37        37         17
  D8S1179        18        16        14          9
  D21S11         32        36        35         36
  D18S51         27        15        18         15
  D5S818          9         8         8         13
  D13S317        10        12        13          8
  D7S820         10         7         7          9
  D16S539         9        15        13         15
  THO1            5         6         5          9
  TPOX            8        10         8         10
  CSF1PO         11         6         6          6
  AMEL           X         Y          X          Y

Search of DNA Databases
None of the adult DNA samples, other than Ezra Jensen’s taken at his polygamy arrest, showed up in



                                                  15
CODIS.

Updated 6/8/09

Entomologist’s Report
Samples of insect activity were taken at the body site from the head wound, eyes and nostrils. The
samples appeared to consist entirely of blow fly eggs. Two samples were taken, one of which consisted
of eggs which were fixed in alcohol, the other of which consisted of eggs transferred to liver and place in
a temperature controlled mesh cage at 75°F at 6:30 pm on May 5.

Earliest first instar larvae were observed at 3:00 am on 5/6, second instar larvae at 4:12 am on 5/7, third
instar at 0:42 am on 5/8, pupae at 2:00 am on 5/13 and the first adult flies emerged at 15:30 on 5/18




                                   Green bottle fly raised from eggs found at the crime scene.

Body Temperature
The victim’s body temperature was measured at 6:30 pm and found to be 79.8 °F, and again at 7:00 pm
when it was 79.5 °F. Body was in full rigor and lividity was fixed.

Medical Examiner’s Update
The medical examiner did not see any evidence of defensive wounds on the body. The body was
unremarkable and there were no distinguishing marks, tattoos or scars on the body.

Dental Records
Antemortem record for Ezra Jensen




                                                 16
Postmortem X-rays of victim




Investigation of Ranch
Sheriff Pratt and deputies obtained a warrant for the houses and all outbuildings at the Jacob’s Ladder
Ranch. There was no evidence of a break in in any of the houses, or in the men’s dormitory. All of the
barns, stables, and the slaughterhouse operation were kept open 24 hours a day.

Investigators found many areas of what appeared to be blood in the slaughtering operations area of the
ranch.




                                                17
Sides of beef hanging in the slaughter house at Jacob’s Ladder Ranch.




Refrigerated meat locker at Jacob’s Ladder Ranch.




                                                18
Update 6/9/09

Source of Polygamy Allegations
The county prosecutor’s office received and recorded an anonymous phone call from a pay phone in
Hildale regarding the polygamy allegations and possible statutory rape of Liahona Allen. The voice
sounded as if it came from an adult woman, but the voice was muffled.

Background on Ranch Residents
Beyond the Ezra Jensen’s four wives and their minor children, the only other adult males living at the
main ranch complex were Ammon Jensen, Ezra Jensen’s eldest son and Mosiah Allen, 17, Liahona’s older
brother who was employed as a ranch hand. Ammon and Mosiah occupied the men’s dormitory located
near the horse barn.

The Allens, Davises, Clarks and Taylors and Bishop Jensen’s younger brother Arlan each occupied large,
separate houses within half a mile of the main ranch complex, easy walking distance, but sufficiently far
away for privacy. The Allens, Davises, Clarks and Taylors were significantly less well off than Bishop
Jensen’s extended family, and the wives in those families shared the family home. Each had a separate
bedroom but the children in the household shared boy’s and girl’s dormitory rooms.

Synopsis of Interviews
Police questioned each of the alleged wives of Bishop Jensen. All the wives agreed that Jensen was right
handed. The wives also all agreed that Bishop Jensen was scheduled to eat dinner with his first wife,
Sariah Davis Jensen, on the evening before the body was discovered. Sariah said that Jensen had indeed
eaten with her and her children that evening around 7:00 pm, and left at approximately 8:00 pm to work
in the slaughterhouse on the ranch.

None of the ranch residents were particularly forthcoming when questioned. Sariah Davis Jensen did
offer that her eldest son was at a FLDS youth meeting until 10 pm the night before the body was
discovered.

Luminol Tests
The victim’s clothing was sprayed with luminol and a bright blue luminescence was found on the right
side of the shirt, on the right pant leg, and on both the right and left pant cuffs. In addition to large areas
of solid luminescence, fine spatter less than 1 mm was found over the right side of the shirt body.

The area in the vicinity of the body was also sprayed and several areas glowed blue along a rough path
between the truck and the site where the body was found. The truck was also sprayed and the entire
truck bed had a weak fast disappearing blue glow, with a number of more concentrated areas. A foot
print also glowed blue on the passenger side floor mat in the truck.




                                                   19
Precipitin Blood Tests




A: sample from left pant cuff of victim

B: sample from shirt, major flow area

C: sample from fine spray marks on victim’s shirt

D: sample from victim’s pant leg

E: sample from concentrated zones in truck bed

F: sample from path between truck and body

G: bovine serum




                                          A

                                                        B



                F
                                   G
                                                            C



                                                    D
                            E




                                                 20
A: sample from footprint on passenger side truck mat

B: sample from weak fluorescing luminol area in truck bed

C: human blood control sample

D: bovine blood control sample

E: sheep blood control sample

F: sample from right pant cuff of victim

G: bovine serum

Toxicology

Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

                     Agilent 6890 Gas Chromatograph equipped with an Agilent 5973 Mass Selective
Instrument:
                     Detector (MSD)

Column:              DB-1, 30 m x 0.25 mm I.D., 0.25 μm film thickness

Injector
                     280 °C
Temperature:

Oven Temperature: 100 °C for 2 minutes, 14 °C/minute to 300 °C, 10 minute hold

Carrier Gas:         Helium at 1.0 mL/minute, split ratio = 25:1

Scan Range:          34-550 amu

Electron Ionization: 70 eV

 In methanol, one major peak at approximately 18 minutes was observed in the Total Ion Chromatogram
(TIC) The fragmentation pattern shows a base peak at m/z 143 with other mass fragments at m/z 245, 99,
112, 217, 139, and 56 The molecular ion was not detected.

A table for drugs with similar retention times for the same column conditions is shown below:

Ambien          16 min

Lunesta         18 min

Sonata          20 min




                                                 21
GC/MSD Total Ion Chromatogram of extract of blood of victim.




GC/MSD Total Ion Chromatogram of extract of stomach contents of victim.




                                              22
Molecular structure of Lunesta               Molecular structure of Ambien




                                 Molecular structure of Sonata




                                                        23
Electron Ionization Mass Spectrum of 18 min peak retention time peak from GC.for blood extract. Not all
                                 mass spectra show a parent peak.




                     FTIR-ATR Spectrum of extract of stomach contents of victim.



                                               24
           FTIR-ATR Spectrum of Fingerprint Region.of extract of stomach contents of victim

Fingerprint Evidence
The gun and rifle found with the body, the box of cartridges found in the trunk, the truck interior and
the truck tailgate and truck bed were dusted and printed. Exemplars were obtained from Brother
Ammon Jensen and who was known to frequently use the truck for hauling feed and equipment around
the ranch.

Fingerprints of Ammon Jensen




Right Thumb              Right Index             Right Middle             Right Ring          Right Pinky

Fingerprints from Steering Wheel of Truck




                                               25
Fingerprint from underside of truck tailgate latch




Fingerprint from window button on passenger side door




Fingerprints from box of cartridges found in the truck




                                                 26
Fingerprints from grip of Browning




Fingerprint from magazine of Browning




Fingerprint on Cartridge from Browning magazine




Second Interview with Taft Smith
Detectives re-interviewed Taft Smith, focusing on whether he had disclosed Ezra’s intention of changing
his will with anyone. Taft Smith said Ezra had made a point of telling him not to disclose anything to any
of the wives or anyone else until he (Ezra) had had a chance to talk to them about the implications of
the visions he had had about Nephi.

The detectives then asked Smith’s opinion of Ezra’s visions and whether Ezra was under the care of a
physician. Smith said Ezra did not have a regular doctor, but he had joked with Ezra that he had been
using the services of a mail order pharmacy since marrying Liahona. Smith said that he did not know
what to make of Ezra’s visions. He had always seen Ezra as a stolid man who adhered to his convictions
about his faith. He did believe that Ezra was absolutely convinced his visions were messages from God,
but he himself was more skeptical and told Ezra so.



                                                 27
Police asked Taft Smith about how Ezra viewed his upcoming trial. Taft Smith said Ezra was putting his
affairs in order in the likely event that he would be convicted on the polygamy charges. Taft Smith said
that Ezra was seeing his trial as a protest against the government’s interference in religion, and that he
viewed himself as a martyr for his faith.

Police also asked if Ezra had any other brothers besides Arlan who was living at the ranch. Taft Smith
said that Ezra had had a younger brother Joachim, who had been killed in the first Gulf war, and had
died childless. Joachim had been married to Kurstin Taylor at the time of his death. When questioned
about Arlan, Smith said that he there was clearly some friction between them. He said Bishop Ezra was
concerned about it but did not know the source of Arlan’s distancing himself from him. Bishop Ezra had
always been concerned about Arlan since he had never married.

Police Search for Wounds on Others at the Ranch
The police asked that all the residents at Jacob’s Ladder Ranch have their hands examined for any
wounds. It was found that essentially all the adult males had cuts and scrapes or blisters on their hand,
or severely cracked and chapped skin as would be expected for ranchers and cattlemen and for meat
packers.

Discussion with Medical Examiner
Detectives met with the medical examiner to determine if there was any evidence of defensive wounds
on the body. The medical examiner said that he had no indications of any defensive wounds on the
body. However there were some small abrasions in the genital area.

The examiner had examined the body with a UV lamp and found strong luminescence in the groin area.
These areas were swabbed with a Q-tip which was then transferred to filter paper and treated with
sodium-α-naphthyl phosphate. The result is shown below.




Samples were examined microscopically at approximately 10 pm on Monday night, and the following
long time exposure through the microscope was taken.




                                                 28
GSR from head wound




SEM of particle from head wound and X-ray fluorescence spectrum from the center of the particle.

A swab of the victim’s hand showed a very small number of similar particles on the palm of the hand
only. An x-ray fluorescence spectrum is shown below.




                                               29
Treated paper from modified Griess test performed on the right sleeve of the victim.




Results of a Sodium Rhodizonate Test, performed by spraying the exhibit with a weak solution of a
mixture of Sodium Rhodizonate and distilled water followed by application of a buffer solution, on the
same section of the victim’s right shirt sleeve.

Hair Analysis
The medical examiner also took samples of the victim’s hair for analysis. After washing, the hair was cut
into 0.5 cm sections from the root out. Each of these bands was then pulverized and separately
extracted with a 3:1 mixture of chloroform and methanol.

An F & M model 400 gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionization detector and a 2% SE 52
column was used. A Hamilton microliter syringe was used to inject the desired amount. Table 1 shows
the isothermal column temperature, flash heater temperature, and detector temperature for the
respective drugs. The flow rate of helium was in all cases 100 ml/min. A 140 Column was used with 1
temperature of 190 °C and a detector temperature of 170 °C. A table of standards for various drugs is
shown below.




                                                30
                                                            Temperature°C (Flash              Retention time
                 Compound                        Column                            Detector
                                                                  heater)                       (Minutes)



Dimethyltryptamine                                    140                    190       170                  8.0


Dimethyltryptamine (as the trimethylsilyl             140                    190       170               10.0

derivative)


Dimethyltryptamine (as the trimethylsilyl      Programmed                    260       260               12.0

derivative)


Mescaline                                             140                    190       170                  5.4


Mescaline (as the trimethylsilyl derivative)          140                    190       170               32.8


Mescaline (as the trimethylsilyl derivative) Programmed                      260       260               19.7


Psilocybine                                           180                    235       210                  4.6


Psilocybine (as the trimethylsilyl                    180                    235       210               21.8

derivative)


Psilocybine (as the trimethylsilyl             Programmed                    260       260               30.6

derivative)


Ibogaine                                              220                    280       240               11.7


Ibogaine (as the trimethylsilyl derivative)           220                    280       240               12.7


Ibogaine                                       Programmed                    260       260               39.3


Ibogaine (as the trimethylsilyl derivative)    Programmed                    260       260               39.9


Lysergic acid diethylamide                            250                    280       280               14.6


Lysergic acid diethylamide (as the                    245                    260       280               11.8

trimethyl- silyl derivative)




                                                   31
Lysergic acid diethylamide (as the         Programmed                        260   260             47.6

trimethyl- silyl derivative)




The results of the hair analysis, moving outward from the scalp were:

Distance from scalp (cm)             Retention time of major peak       Relative area under peak

0.0-0.5 cm                           5.4 min                            100

0.5-1.0 cm                           5.4 min                            93

1.0-1.5 cm                           5.3 min                            78

1.5-2.0 cm                           5.3 min                            43

2.0-2.5 cm                           5.4 min                            37

2.5-3.0 cm                           5.4 min                            24

3.0-3.5 cm                           5.3 min                            12

3.5-4.0 cm                           5.4 min                            4

4.0-4.5 cm                           No peak found                      0




A representative mass spectrum for a 5.3 second retention time gas chromatography peak under the
above conditions.



                                                32
Public Records Search
All of the vehicles on the ranch were registered in Ezra Jensen’s name.

All of the 9 mm pistols on the ranch were registered in Ezra Jensen’s name. The other men who worked
on the farm preferred 45 caliber pistols.

Interviews with Sariah and Her Children
All the children confirmed that Ammon was not with them at dinner, and had told them he was at the
youth meeting. All of them said they had not seen him until Monday morning, but that they wouldn’t
have expected to since he slept in the single men’s dorm. All the children confirmed that they had eaten
steak, corn and salad with their father on Sunday night, and that he had talked privately with their
mother before he left.

Police asked Sariah why she had first said she had not seen Ezra since he went hunting several days
earlier, and why she had changed her story. She said that she thought that Ezra might have been
planning to go into hiding to avoid the trial. She said that he told her about his visions about Nephi, and
she had told him that he should go to a doctor and get checked out before he changed his will to be sure
that they were real. Sariah said once Ezra’s body was found that she decided to tell the truth because
she did not believe Ezra would commit suicide, so she suspected Liahona was involved in some way. She
also felt that she could not ask her children to lie.

Interviews with Youth Group Members
All members of the youth group confirmed that both Ammon Jensen and Mosiah Allen had been at the
meeting until 11:30 pm. It takes approximately 30 minutes to get from the meeting place back to the
ranch.

Search of Ranch Dump Site
Investigators found remains of a partially burned, still smoldering red blanket at the ranch’s dump site.
In addition a blueberry pie in a pie tin was found with only a single piece missing.

Hair Evidence from Body
A variety of hairs were removed from the victim’s clothing and body.




                                                 33
Hair from victim’s pants




Hair found on victim’s undershirt




Hair sample from victim




                                    34
Hair sample from Sariah Jensen




Hair sample from Liahona Jensen




Hair samples from Ammon, Almira, Enoch and Everett Jensen from left to right respectively

Luminol Tests
Luminol was sprayed in each of Ezra’s residences, and the common areas. Weak short lived fluorescence


                                               35
over large areas was found on the bathroom floors, shower floors and drains and around the toilets in
all the houses. Luminol in the slaughterhouse and meat packing area also showed weak short lived
fluorescence over essentially all the floors, meat handling apparatus and in the slaughtering room.
Bright long-lived luminescence was observed in several small (<1 mm) spots on the lower walls of the
large refrigeration room in the meet packing operation.

A pair of sneakers were recovered from Ammon Jensen’s locker in the men’s dormitory. When tested
with Luminol they showed bright less than 1 mm diameter spots on the upper surface and the soles
showed significant luminescence across the sole of the sneaker and in the crevices.




Precipitin Test of Fine Blood Spatter




A: fine blood spatter from refrigeration room

B-F: samples from weak short-live luminescence in refrigeration room

G: human anti-serum



                                                36
Tire Tracks at Body Site
Vehicles at the ranch were examined to find a possible match to the tire track at the body site. A close
match on visible inspection was found to tires on a 2002 Ford Explorer usually driven by Sariah Jensen.




Interview with Liahona Jensen
Liahona was questioned about her previous relationships and her marriage to Ezra. Liahona claimed that
she was first courted by Ammon Jensen, and her mother had told her that Ammon would make a good
match, but that she found him shallow and rather boring. Liahona said she was simply smitten when
Bishop Jensen started paying attention to her. Of course she had known him all her life, but he was so
successful and forceful, a real leader and handsome, and she was flattered by his attentions. She did not
at all feel forced into her marriage, but welcomed it. She knew she was blessed when she got pregnant
right away with Nephi. Liahona said she knew that Ezra’s other wives were jealous of her and talked
about her behind her back, but she put that down to them being old hags who no longer knew how to


                                                37
please a man like Ezra.

Liahona produced the signed copy of Ezra’s new will.

Signatures on the Will
Examination of signatures on will of Ezra Jensen dated 5/1/2008.




Top signature is from Mosiah Allen’s driver’s license. Bottom is Mosiah Allen’s signature as a witness to
Ezra’s will.




Top signature is from Liahona Jensen’s driver’s license. Below is her signature as a witness to Ezra’s will.




                                                  38
Sample of Ezra Jensen’s signature on the receipt for return of his belongings after he was released from
jail on bail pending his trial on polygamy charges. The lower signature is the signature on Ezra Jensen’s
will naming Nephi as his heir.

Update 6/13/09

Background on Ammon Jensen
Police interviewed members of the youth group and the FLDS leadership where Ammon and Sariah
Jensen spent the evening before the body was found. They left at approximately 11:00 pm.

All the participants confirmed that Ammon was a committed rancher and had already taken on a good
portion of the ranch management. Ammon had thought about a career in law enforcement or the
military, but after a brief period of rebellion in his early teens he seemed to have settled into his destiny
as the next Bishop when his father retired. He was clearly an ambitious young man on a mission and was
already taking on a leadership role in the youth group. Bishop Ezra had seemed proud of his son and had
encouraged his growing role in the community until the last few months when Bishop Ezra had become
increasingly erratic in his behavior and had begun discussing his visions of Nephi’s destiny.

Several of the girls in the youth group told investigators that before her marriage to Ezra, Liahona and
Ammon had been “an item.” They said Liahona had bragged about the fact that Ammon was crazy about
her and that the feelings were mutual. They were all surprised when Liahona abruptly married Bishop
Ezra, although they felt that Liahona was more interested in being the wife of a Bishop now, rather than
waiting 15 years until Bishop Ezra retired and Ammon would assume leadership of the community. All of




                                                  39
the girls thought that Ammon was still smitten with Liahona.

Luminol Tests
Luminol was sprayed in each of Ezra’s residences, and the common areas. Weak short lived fluorescence
over large areas was found on the bathroom floors, shower floors and drains and around the toilets in
all the houses. Luminol in the slaughterhouse and meat packing area also showed weak short lived
fluorescence over essentially all the floors, meat handling apparatus and in the slaughtering room.
Bright long-lived luminescence was observed in several small (<1 mm) spots on the lower walls of the
large refrigeration room in the meat packing operation.

DNA from blood stains
STR DNA profiles were run on samples from the body and from various samples on the body’s clothing,
the truck and from luminol positive spots along the route between the truck and where the body was
found.




                                          Stain on Torso of          Stain from pant
                         Body              Shirt from Body             Leg of Body
 Allele          Allele 1   Allele 2     Allele 1    Allele 2      Allele 1   Allele 2
 D3S1358            12         17           12          17            12         17
 vWa                19         14           19          14            19         14
 FGA                26         42           26          42            26         42
 D8S1179            18         18           18          18            18         18
 D21S11             34         32           34          32            34         32
 D18S51             23         23           23          23            23         23
 D5S818             15          9           15           9            15          9
 D13S317            13         10           13          10            13         10
 D7S820             10         13           10          13            10         13
 D16S539            12          9           12           9            12          9
 THO1                5         10            5          10             5         10
 TPOX               11          8           11           8            11          8
 CSF1PO              9         10            9          10             9         10
 AMEL                X          Y            X           Y             X          Y



                    Stain from Left
                   Cuff of Pant on       Stain from Right Cuff         Small Stain from      Stain from Steering
                         Body               of Pant on Body             Left cuff of shirt      Wheel of Truck
 Allele          Allele 1    Allele 2    Allele 1   Allele 2         Allele 1     Allele 2   Allele 1  Allele 2
 D3S1358               n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        12           18         12        18
 vWa                   n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        14           16         14        16
 FGA                   n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        42           39         42        39
 D8S1179               n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        18           18         18        18
 D21S11                n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        32           28         32        28
 D18S51                n/a         n/a         n/a           n/a        23           27         23        27


                                                  40
D5S818         n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a       9             9       9          9
D13S317        n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a      10            11      10         11
D7S820         n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a      10            12      10         12
D16S539        n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a       9             9       9          9
THO1           n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a       5             7       5          7
TPOX           n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a       8            10       8         10
CSF1PO         n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a      10            11      10         11
AMEL           n/a         n/a         n/a          n/a      X             Y       X          Y


                 Weakly                                     Shoe Print from
          Luminescent large        Brightly Fluorescent    passenger side of     Stain on path from
          stain in truck body       stain in truck body         truck cab            truck to body
Allele    Allele 1    Allele 2    Allele 1     Allele 2   Allele 1    Allele 2   Allele 1    Allele 2
D3S1358         n/a         n/a       12           17        12          17         12          17
vWa             n/a         n/a       19           14        19          14         19          14
FGA             n/a         n/a       26           42        26          42         26          42
D8S1179         n/a         n/a       18           18        18          18         18          18
D21S11          n/a         n/a       34           32        34          32         34          32
D18S51          n/a         n/a       23           23        23          23         23          23
D5S818          n/a         n/a       15            9        15           9         15           9
D13S317         n/a         n/a       13           10        13          10         13          10
D7S820          n/a         n/a       10           13        10          13         10          13
D16S539         n/a         n/a       12            9        12           9         12           9
THO1            n/a         n/a        5           10         5          10           5         10
TPOX            n/a         n/a       11            8        11           8         11           8
CSF1PO          n/a         n/a        9           10         9          10           9         10
AMEL            n/a         n/a       X             Y         X           Y          X           Y




                Fine Spatter on Ammon         Large stains on Ammon’s
                     Jensen’s Shoes                     shoes
Allele         Allele 1      Allele 2         Allele 1      Allele 2
D3S1358             12            17                   n/a           n/a
vWa                 19            14                   n/a           n/a
FGA                 26            42                   n/a           n/a
D8S1179             18            18                   n/a           n/a
D21S11              34            32                   n/a           n/a
D18S51              23            23                   n/a           n/a
D5S818              15             9                   n/a           n/a
D13S317             13            10                   n/a           n/a
D7S820              10            13                   n/a           n/a
D16S539             12             9                   n/a           n/a
THO1                 5            10                   n/a           n/a
TPOX                11             8                   n/a           n/a
CSF1PO               9            10                   n/a           n/a


                                             41
 AMEL                       X               Y               n/a         n/a



Search for Trace Evidence in Slaughterhouse
The slaughterhouse was searched for trace evidence. A cartridge casing was found in the vicinity of the
fine blood spatter.




From left to right, casing found at slaughterhouse, casing from test firing of Browning found
next to the body, test firing of Bryco and test firing of Ruger.

DNA from Hair Trace Evidence
None of the trace hair evidence found on the victim had root bulbs attached.

Fingerprints of Sariah Jensen
These were obtained for elimination purposes for fingerprints on the SUV.




Right Thumb               Right Index               Right Middle            Right Ring       Right Pinky

DNA Analysis of Groin Sample
                Groin Sample
              Allele   Allele
 Allele       1        2         Allele 3   Allele 4
 D3S1358           12       17         18          19


                                                   42
 vWa               14        16      19
 FGA               17        26      37         42
 D8S1179           12        16      18
 D21S11            32        33      34         36
 D18S51            15        18      23
 D5S818             8         9      11         15
 D13S317           10        12      13
 D7S820             7        10      11         13
 D16S539            9        12      15
 THO1               5         6       9         10
 TPOX               8        10      11
 CSF1PO             6         9      10         15
 AMEL          X         Y



Keys
A set of keys to the truck were found hanging in the key cabinet in the barn along with all the other keys
to the jointly used equipment. A second set were found in Liahona’s residence.




                                  Fingerprint from truck key found in key cabinet in the barn




Fingerprints on Truck Keys found at Liahona’s




                                                 43
Right Thumb              Right Index         Right Middle        Right Ring         Right Pinky

Fingerprints of Liahona Jensen taken for elimination purposes.

Fiber Evidence
Several red fibers were found on the victim, in the bed of the truck at the body dump site, and caught on
machinery in the refrigeration room at the meat packing operation. Red fibers were also collected from
all the residences at the ranch including the men’s dormitory.




Thin layer chromatography was run on the samples, going from left to right:

    1. Reference sample of red sweater belonging to Liahona Jensen

    2. Reference sample from red sofa at Sariah Jensen’s residence

    3. Reference sample of red wool wrap belonging to Aldene Jensen.

    4. Reference sample of red blanket found partially burned in trash dump on ranch

    5. Second reference sample from partially burned blanket




                                                44
    6. Sample from front of victim’s shirt

    7. Sample from bedding on Ammon Jensen’s bunk in the men’s dormitory

    8. Sample from back of victim’s shirt

    9. Sample caught in tailgate on truck at body site

    10. Sample from Refrigeration room

Botantical Evidence




Investigators took samples of some small cactus plants growing in Liahona Jensen’s kitchen at the ranch.
A small sample was tested with Mayer’s reagent and a white precipitate was formed. Another sample
was then tested with Marquis reagent(formaldehyde in sulfuric acid) and astrong orange color was
obtained. Mandelin reagent in chloroform gave a dark yellowish brown color, cocnetrated nitric acid
in chloroform gave a dark red color, while Mecke reagent gave a moderate olive color.

The drug sample and various reference samples were spotted 3 cm from the bottom of the silica gel
plate and at least 2 cm from its edges. Individual samples were run at least 2 cm apart. The area of the
spot, which was applied with a 10 μl micropipette, did not exceed 24 cm. To aid in the drying of the spot
and to control size, a steady flow of nitrogen through a Teflon eye-dropper was applied. After allowing
the chambers to equilibrate for 3 hours, the previously spotted plates were placed in the tanks for
developing and removed when the solvent front reached the 15-cm mark. All separations were
conducted in a constant temperature room. The plates were then allowed to air-dry, after which they
were viewed under ultra-violet light and the results recorded. Following this observation, the plates
were heated for 5 minutes at 110°C to remove any trace of alkaline vapors. They were then sprayed
copiously with either a solution of p-dimethyl-aminobenzaldehyde (125 mg in 100 ml of 1:1 sulfuric acid
and 2 drops of a 10% ferric chloride solution) for qualitative data or with potassium iodoplatinate for
quantitative data, (3 ml of a 10% platinum chloride solution mixed with 97 ml water to which is then
added 100 ml of a 6% solution of potassium iodide). With the p-dimethylaminobenzal- dehyde spray,


                                                45
following an additional 20 minutes of heating at 100 °C, characteristic colors of the individual drugs
appear. The advantage of the iodoplatinate spray is that, though the resulting colors are only variations
of brown, a spot may be scraped from the plate and reduced with sodium sulfite [ 9] after which the
drug may be appropriately redissolved. When sufficient material is available, simultaneous
chromatograms can be run; the separated compounds localized on one chromatogram with a color
spray and the geometrically equivalent spots scraped from the unsprayed plates for subsequent
solution. The solutions thus obtained may be used directly for gas chromatography or filtered and
concentrated on a porous triangle of potassium bromide [ 10] for infra-red identification. Evaporation
takes place preferentially at the apex of the porous triangle, depositing the sample at the tip which is
then removed and pressed directly into a transparent disc suitable for infra-red spectrophotometry.


System: benzene: ethyl acetate: diethylamine (7:2:1) Rf factors


                       Compound       R f value Colour with p-dimethylamino- benzaldehyde



                 Psilocybine              0.00 Navy blue


                 Mescaline                0.16 Light brown


                 LSD                      0.29 Clear blue


                 Dimethyltryptamine       0.42 Deep blue-green


                 Ibogaine                 0.55 Dirty yellow-green


The test sample showed an extended brown spot with a long tail to lower retention factors with the
strongest color between retention factors of 0.14 and 0.17.

Drug Analysis
Several bottles of pills were found in the various residences, most were unlabeled. Police interviewed
the wives about this and they said that prescriptions were shared among all the wives’ households.




                             Pills found at Sariah Jensen’s and Aldene Jensen’s residence




                                                  46
The graph above is a total ion signal from the GC/MS for the blue pills found at Sariah’s residence. An
identical spectrum was obtained from the pills at Aldene’s Below is the mass spectrum for the peak with
a retention time of 15.91 min




                                               47
                                        Pills found at Liahona Jensen’s and Kurstin Jensen’s residence




Total ion chromatogram of S193 pills.




Mass spectrum for peak with retention time of 18.00 min. Recall that not all mass spectra show a parent
ion peak.

Blue oval pills found at residence of Liahona Jensen




                                                48
Total Ion Chromatogram of blue pills (blue curve) and of a reference sample of sildenafil citrate.




Mass spectrum of fraction from GC column with a retention time of 5.4 minutes.

Luminol Tests
Luminol was sprayed in each of Ezra’s residences, and the common areas. Weak short lived fluorescence
over large areas was found on the bathroom floors, shower floors and drains and around the toilets in
all the houses. Luminol in the slaughterhouse and meat packing area also showed weak short lived


                                                 49
fluorescence over essentially all the floors, meat handling apparatus and in the slaughtering room.
Bright long-lived luminescence was observed in several small (<1 mm) spots on the lower walls of the
large refrigeration room in the meat packing operation.

Precipitin Test of Fine Blood Spatter




A: fine blood spatter from refrigeration room

B-F: samples from weak short-live luminescence in refrigeration room

G: human anti-serum

Luminol Tests on SUV
Luminol sprayed in the SUV. A bright long lasting blue luminescence was observed in a swipe pattern on
a the passenger side rear floor mat along with several very fine (<1mm spots) spots on the left rear floor
mat and the back of the driver’s seat.

The spots were analyzed using STR PCR.

                                   Swipe on SUV
              Spray on back       Passenger Side
              of driver's seat        Floor Mat
             Allele     Allele   Allele
 Allele      1          2        1          Allele 2
 D3S1358       12         18        12         17
 vWa           14         19        19         14
 FGA           39         37        26         42
 D8S1179       18         16        18         18
 D21S11        32         36        34         32
 D18S51        27         15        23         23
 D5S818         9          8        15          9
 D13S317       10         12        13         10
 D7S820        10          7        10         13
 D16S539        9         15        12          9
 THO1           5          6         5         10
 TPOX           8         10        11          8
 CSF1PO        11          6         9         10
 AMEL           X          Y        X           Y


                                                   50
Soil Tests
Soil samples were analyzed using a gradient density column.




In each of the three cases, the sample on the left is from the area where the truck was parked at the
body dump site. The first right hand sample is from the tire treads on the SUV usually driven by Sariah
Jensen. The second right hand sample was taken from the treads on Ammon Jensen’s blood spattered
shoes. The third sample was from a pair of boots belonging to Sariah Jensen.

Analysis of Blueberry Pie

Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

                    Agilent 6890 Gas Chromatograph equipped with an Agilent 5973 Mass Selective
Instrument:
                    Detector (MSD)

Column:             DB-1, 30 m x 0.25 mm I.D., 0.25 μm film thickness

Injector
                    280 °C
Temperature:

Oven Temperature: 100 °C for 2 minutes, 14 °C/minute to 300 °C, 10 minute hold

Carrier Gas:        Helium at 1.0 mL/minute, split ratio = 25:1



                                                51
Scan Range:         34-550 amu

Electron Ionization: 70 eV




GC/MSD Total Ion Chromatogram of extract of blueberry pie.




    Electron Ionization Mass Spectrum of 18 min peak retention time peak from GC.for blueberry pie.

A small amount of material exiting the GC column on another sample of the pie was condensed on a cold
trap and transferred to an ATR-FTIR system. The spectrum obtained is shown below.




                                               52
          FTIR-ATR Spectrum of extract of blueberry pie.




FTIR-ATR Spectrum of Fingerprint Region of extract of blueberry pie



                             53
Blueberry Pie Tin from Dump Site
The bottom of the pie tin found at the dump site was dusted for prints and they were removed with
lifting tape. The results are shown below.




Gun Shot Residue Tests
GSR tests to look for particulates were performed on Ammon Jensen’s hands on Tuesday afternoon. No
particulates were found.

Subsequently a shirt was found in the back of a closet in the young men’s dormitory which appeared to
have a grayish powder on the right sleeve, and a number of less than 1 mm diameter brown spots on
the lower front. A GSR tape test was used to retrieve a sample of particulates from the sleeve. The
transfer paper following modified Griess test on the right sleeve of the shirt is shown below.




The Sodium Rhodizonate Test is performed by spraying the exhibit with a weak solution of a mixture of
Sodium Rhodizonate and distilled water.




                                               54
The exhibit was then sprayed with a buffer solution to give the following result.




The area was then swabbed with a diluted Hydrochloric Acid solution and gave the following result.




The particles collected were viewed in the SEM and an X-iray fluorescence spectrum was taken.




When police questioned Ammon and Mosiah about the shirt, Ammon said that it was an old one of his
that he had worn when working in the slaughter house and when doing target practice out in the hills


                                                 55
beyond the ranch and that he had meant to throw out but never got around to it.

Luminol Tests of Shirt and Blanket
The brown spots on the front of the shirt showed a bright long lasting blue fluorescence when tested
with luminol as did several large areas on the partially burned blanket. Brown stains on the sneakers
also showed bright blue long lasting luminescence and were tested for DNA



                                    DNA from        DNA from
             DNA from back        brown stains    partially burned
              of neck of shirt    on shirt from       blanket
                from closet           closet
             Allele    Allele    Allele Allele    Allele   Allele
 Allele      1         2         1        2       1        2
 D3S1358       12         18       12        17     12       17
 vWa           14         16       19        14     19       14
 FGA           42         39       26        42     26       42
 D8S1179       18         18       18        18     18       18
 D21S11        32         28       34        32     34       32
 D18S51        23         27       23        23     23       23
 D5S818         9          9       15         9     15        9
 D13S317       10         11       13        10     13       10
 D7S820        10         12       10        13     10       13
 D16S539        9          9       12         9     12        9
 THO1           5          7        5        10      5       10
 TPOX           8         10       11         8     11        8
 CSF1PO        10         11        9        10      9       10
 AMEL           X         Y         X        Y      X         Y




                                                  56

				
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